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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, March 12, 1901, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85054468/1901-03-12/ed-1/seq-4/

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bt isl Villus
TrcsDAY march 12 iQoi
tiliicmicit crfllcr
subscription by M ill One Tear
rMtmtlilj by Currier
UrMNGAVDScDivA Tfttrtujrtre cdifs
Cire illation Mutt mcnr
Tic circulation of The Times for Hie
sliiiesl Jlareli J 1501 was as follows
i urnlay March 3 24 W
Honda- March 1 U 33
Tuesday Mirth 5 5111s
iednesar Martha to 32
Tliursdav March 7 3J ls
Friday Marth S r 33
Patunijj Marth U 39vn
Total 2S02S
llaili average Ounilay 21 1ST excepted 42tia
Tlie lliij liunireffit Treats Denel
Yesterday IxirJ Pau icerote communl
catcil to the State Department tire rca
bons of his Government for allowing the
Hay Pauncefote Treaty to lapse and ts
regrets that the negotiations In connec
tion with that matter should have ended
so inconsequentially
This regret will not be shired by anj
patriotic element in theTnltcd States
On the contrarj there will be widespread
satisfaction in the Knowledge that bo un
American and humiliating an agreement
or the part of this county has come to
naught Great Britain mas imagine that
after our supine offer to enter into an ar
rangement reviving the corpse of the
Clayton Bulwcr Contention we shall at
once set about lagging for another like
It hut ex en more degrading to the United
States The British Foreign Office is so
much more In the confidence of the Ad
ministration than is the American public
that such an expectation mas not be ill
founded If it should happen tint cloture
were forced upon the Senate at the next
session we might say that probaby it
had much basis
As the case stands however the
Contention is out of the wav
and there could be no further excuse for
Its being regarded otherwise by the Presi
dent or Department of State It doe3 not
need abrogation because it never had
force or effect since it was neer ratified
by the Senate in the form in which it has
been the habiC of British Cabinets to
thake it over our heads It is a mere
ghost of a egrettabe past which needs
only to be boohed at to disappear At
last again our hands are free In Central
America as far as Great Britain Is con
cerned At the same time it is true thai i nt
thev are badly tied b the relentless op
position of the Transportation Trust to
anj uinal I ctwecn the oceans except the
Panama which they know can never be
successful constructed
rompllcntiuxiN In Culm
The Administration continues to give out
encouraging assurances in regard to the
Cuban situation and apparent believes
that the Constitutional Convention in Ha
vana will accept the American terms be
fore long and with good grace As we
have before remarked Information at the
command of the War Department maj
lie more comprehensive and reliable than
that which Is reaching the American
press but If so the fact Is ext optional in
the historj of the past four jears
What our newspapers hear from their
correspondents in Cuba is that a majorltj
of the delegates to the Constitutional Con
tention are bitterly opposed to the small
est shadow of suztraintj or a protector
ate and are being further stiffened In
their Inclination to resist bj appeals from
the rev partj In all parts of the
island The feeling against the terms is
being manifested in public meeting asd
in the columns of the Cuban radical jour
The partv of independence In Cuba as
It calls Itself still clings to the ground
less idea that the Piatt amendment was
adopted Congress under a misappre
hension of the conditions existing in
Cuba and of the sentiments of Its people
and that the mass of Americans are In
favor of giving the Cubans the most
complete sovereignty libertj and license
Did these politital infants but know it
there are very few persons In this coun
trj vvith any intelligent conception of the
dangers that would threaten the United
Just win any Chamber of Commerce or
other organization of intelligent English
men should imagine tint this country
would permit Intervention or interference
in a matter of such ital domestic con
cern as the future of Cuba wltlioit in
stant wai is hard to understand That
is always supposing the Administration
111 Its private and unofficial arrangements
and gentlemens agreements with Great
Britain has reserved to Itself any inde
pendence of action in the affairs of the
North American Continent and outivlng
Islands In the possession of tils Govern
The Manchester incident series to
show that Congress was not too prompt
In serving notice on the world that Cuba
whatever degree of independence in locil
affairs ma be accorded her necessarily
must be regarded as alwavs under fie
protection and tutelage of the 1nitcd
Ptates which Power will represent the
island In its foreign relations anj in the
other respects above referred to The
only question is How far will the Ad
ministration go in resisting such an ag
grc slon as the M mchestir Chamber of
tommerce evidently hopes that Lord
Salisbury s Government will commit
The answer ought to be easy and there
is but one tint would ever be heard from
the mouths of the American people But
tinfortuuatclv we have see u the Kigle
abased before the Lion in the contempti
ble design of the Hay Pauncefote Tre ity
to revive the Clay ton BuIwer Convention
and in the surrender of our Forcupine
district In Alaska after its Invasion and
seizure by the British and so there
is no telling to what extent complacency
to Britain mlijit be carried even at the
risk of unpleasant consequences to the
Government and citizenship of the Uni
ted States It will be interesting to
watch for the outcome
rtKlit on Coloninl feis eminent
Representative Cooper of Wisconsin is
knovvm in the House not only as Chair
man of the Committee on Insular Affairs
but as an honest impartial fearless pub
lic servant Considering that he is also a
Republican the refutation is all the more
to his credit
Being Chairman of the Insular Com
mittee and hiving learned from various
sources that the carpetbag reign of ex
ploitation corruption and loot In the col
onies deserved and would repay Investi
gation during the labfhours of the Kifty
slxth Congress he endeavored to secure
the consent of his masters that a sub
committee of the committee might olfl
ciallv visit Porto Rico and the Philippines
and get at the truth of the situation in
both directions for the enlightenment of
Congress at its next session
At this proposition the trust element in
control of the House at once became
alarmed and Sir Coopers proposal was
killed He was too venomously
to personal consequences and too
bllfiMliml 1 hriilnify
Another marts r to Christian Science is
pfaced on record A woman eighty jears
pld Uvlng In Derby Connecticut fell
downstairs cutting a gash in her scalp
She refused either to have a doctor or
to have the y oultd bandaged or sewed up
As a consetpioncrt she died She had prac
ticed and preached Christian Science for
about five sears
The Idea at once suggested by this
Incident is that if supernatural pow-
er could heal th wound supernatural
power ought to have preventtd the fall
in the first place It is certainly no hard
er to keep a person from falllrig down
stairs than to clfuc up a four inch cut
lr the head caused bv the fall But as
the apostles or this sect do not use logic
thej cannot be expected to reason logic
allv on this matter
One reason lor the fact that this doc
trine has spread as widely as It has is
that the majorltv of people are not accus
tomed to reason In many families and
schools reasoning is actually discouraged
The child is told to take on filth what
ever its teachers or parents tell It and
not to trv to understand the wh and
wherelore This Is direct fostering of
credullts It also saves time and trouble
doling the training of the child 111 c
actlv the s ime waj the masses of the
people have been discouraged from rea
soning The have Ik en addressed with
large words and told that they must re
spect the superior learning of those wiser
than themselves This would be all ver
well if the leaders alwavs were vvlsr
than the led But when thev arc not
the results are woeful
There was one thing not so very bad
about the elaborate and cheerless system
of Cilvlnism and th3 theology which
grew out of It when at its best it did
train people to think rather then to feel
The old fashioned countrj community
which demanded doctrinal sermons and
was on the alert to spy out defects in the
orthodow of the clergjman did at anj
rate have to do some acute reasoning to
tlnd out whether he was orthodox or not
The slipshod modern church sjstem Is
neither Iovelj nor Intellectual It does
not encourage thinking or anv thing else
It Is superficial and in many cases not
very religious in its Influence It entour
ages credulity not reasoning Credulitj
13 a thing w hlch the human mind easilj
cultivates The habit of easy belief is
as seductive to some natures as the drink
hiblt It Is so much easier to believe that
everv thing is all right than to trj to And
out what Is wrong and set it right that
perhaps It is not surprising that the sun
shinj doctrines of Mrs have ap
pealed to certain people with irresistible
force Rhetoric is much more cul
tivated than medical science and it
would appear from the number of heal
ers now making a living In the land that
It Is almost as profitable We need more
than anj thing else in this countrj un
flinching honesty of thought and sketch
and the courage to face bad conditions
with the faith that they can be bettered
But the faith Is not enough We muSt
discover the way to make them better
and then go about It
No one can well help as feeling of sym-
palhj for the unfortunate Porto RIcans
a delegation from whom called upon the
President ti mere nim f Mil-
J lne lax law passed by the carpetbag
brave and truthful to be trusted on such I Rlslatuie of the Isl md recently and on
a mission It was not forgotten that he I the eve of Us adjouri icnt 11 j Maw
voted against the Pacific Ratlwaj Re
funding bill in a former Congress and
was promptlj deposed from the chair
manship of the River and Harbor Com
mittee bj Speaker Reed shortlj after
If the signs of the dav amount to anv
thing he will lose his place on the Insular
Committee because he dares his bosses
bv starting out on an independent mis
sion in compan with some colleagues
to see what Is going on in the Crown
Colonies Mr Cooper and several other
Representativi s will do Porto Rico and
the Philippines as thoroughly as they
maj during the recess and be able
to relate their experiences next winter
It goes without sajlng that the expedi
tion is considered a grave Improprietj in
the Administration circle
The llinllUoit of the Canteen
The first fruits of the abolition of the
canteen are on view at Chicago Armj
ofllcers declare that riots at Hlghwood
a fashionable Chicago suburb are direct
ly due to the fact that soldiers are obliged
I to do their drinking in the saloons where
thej are not under anj control and are
furnl hed with vile whisks Several
drunken soldiers so terrorized the neigh
borhood In question that saloons were de
molished and Inoffensive citizens fired
upon and women were afraid to venture
on the streets for a das or two Since the
canteen at Fort Sheridan was closed It
is stated a dozen saloons have been open
ed at Hlghwood and the results are un
The commander of the Department of
the Lakes sass in regard to this
Flcht and liranN are likelv to necur wIhti
Midlers have the rcsetration and drink a lot
I f 11a all TI 1 Int mi l
tuitiir Miiinij iui ut iuui tiii ij nu
ouuu ve a auvereign ataie Wltn me I pen them up as wildiera are and ee what thov
peculiar and anarchistic tendencies of
Cuba permitted to exist near our shores
who do not regret that the terms agreed
upon by Congress were not made stronger
and more specific
As a matter of self protection the
Tnited States is estopped from granting
all the Cubans want Thej must accept
American suzerainty in their foreign re
lations and as to war making and debt
contracting powers because there is no
safe ground upon which we could concede
thein more Whether Uies realize the
fact or not it is certain that to turn the
Island over to the clement which forms
the inajorlts ot its Inhabitants without
restrictions would be simply to assume
respoiiolblllts for the production of anoth
er Haiti threatening us eternally with
the destruction of our commercial inter
ests lu Cuba and with trcjble with for
eign nations on Cubas account
It is to le feared that the Cuban radi
cals will be encouraged In their position
of antagonism to the United States by a
mov n t In Great Britain looking to ln
tcrvertloi Sy that Power to prevent the
establishment of an American protector
ate or suzerainty The Manehester Cham
ber of Commerce a powerful commercial
organization with which the family and
business associates of Colonial Secretarj
Chamberlain are closelj Identified has
memorialized the British Government en
the subject The memorial leads as fol
lows V
The citv uf Hirminrdiam i largdj interettcd
In trade with the paiiifch VVrat Indian Ulandj
The om c considerable trade vtith Porto Itlco ha
been prattu alh rioted by the introduction of a
tariff in lavor of the tufted state V hlmilarl
ihsastro result if nox threatened In rfRjrd to
the more Imiioitant and cxlfnne hrituh trade
ufth fviba the loMi of which would
inflict a mtiouii financial injury upon mertliants
manufatturers and the shipping c oiumumty of
threat Hritain Without going into the quebtion of
American Mhtfcs your meroorialUU cannot closf
their evei to the fact that Iwth puhlic opinion
and the proceeding of the Legislature in the
I lited Mate afpear to faror the complete n
trol at an early date of the whole foreUn re
lation of the hJand of Cuba Ly the United
In the opinion of your metnorialUtK an
American j otectonite uould prolnbly rcktilt in
the imposition of a tariff protective rf Vincrican
interests and tenerally hoetil to luropean trade
lour lneuiorialifcU therefore pray that prompt
tepe may be taken by Ida Sajeta Joreniment
to vise every means at its dihotul for the pro
tection of lirftUh commercial interests in Cuba
with the Tievrs tif uvlng llrilikh trade with the
ieland from annihilation
Considering the relations of the protest
ing lxxly to the British Colonial Office
and the Board of Trade the suspicion Is
excusable that this appeal for inter
vention against the United States in Cuba
Is inspired and may amount to a semi
official hint to Washington that the
Amerlean Government must not think of
ImposlriK terms upon the propoieJ new
State which shall not first be passed upon
and approved by the British Uorclgn Of
fice Should such a theory prove correct
a stern trial of President McKlnloys sur
viving Americanism Is In store for him
uould do Tin re are a large number of men at
1 ort Miendan jut now including about four
hundred and flflr new reeruits for the Twtnlv
nmth Infantry Ibgunent vihuh is hem or
ganized Neu men may be rtlied upon to help
debauchery along
I wa hlrongly nppotd to the arniv canteen
wlien it was lirt proposed hut the War De
partment lulled orders to estabhh the in and
the drinking places were opened 1 was one of
the officers detailed to study the operation of
the canteen and note the effect on the men
Irom the investigation I found the canteen
workeel so much ltetter than I expected it uemhl
tlat I was cemipellesl to endorse iL I nder
that svstem the profits of the canteen went to
buy delicacies for the mens table m tlut they
got the full benefit of all that was sent for beer
on the rewTvatfein Now the men Kiid more
monev titan before at d the profits go to the
owners of invatc gin mills
This Is of course nothing more than
has Iieen said by numerous other armv
offlctry sdnce the canteen agitation be
gan and certainly the officers who are re
sponsible for the good behavior and fight
ing strength of the soldiers have more
reason than anyone else to desire tint
they hall be subjected to no demoralizing
influence This particular utterance gath
ers force from the very practical object
lesson which occasioned It When a whole
neighborhood is terrorized by a lot of
dtunken rowdies for two or three elijs
so that women are afraid to venture on
the streets and respectable citizens are in
danger of being -hot it Is certainly not a
very impressive proof that the abolition
of the canteen Is a good thing or con
ducive to law and order
There Is no question that the excessive
use of lbjuor is bad It is not well for
a man to m ike an inane person of him
self even for a brief period But he Is
llke ly to do It on bad whisky while he
cannot on good beer taken In moderation
Moreover ho Is more likely to behive
himself If under a ccrtaln samount of su
pervision he Is lmplj allow e d to drink
decentlj than if he is kept from ail
liquor until such time as he Is given
leave when the accumulatesl thirst of
weeks must he t atlsfleil In a brief Interval
with no restraint whatever placed upon
the amount of liquor to be taken Again
when drinking in the canteen the soldier
is served bj a man whose whole Inter
est lies In helping to maintain good order
and discipline In the cheap saloon or
dive he Is In the hands of a man usually
degraded low and brutal In character
and rapacious In desire whobc aim is to
hell as much liquor as he can In a given
provides tint Porta IIIjih vvi l do not
lay their Ian I lats within nine months
after they are levied shall be sold out
This is oppressive and consciously so
The delegates explained to Mr McKln
ley that with only two million dol
lars of legal tender money in Porto
Rico it would be Impossible for even
a majority of land owners to get hold
of the cash with which to settle their
taxes within the time limit As we
are Informed the President declined to
Interfere These unfortunate colonial sub
jects may or may not be aware of the
fact that it is desirable to bring
about the forfeiture of their estates by
the time the Iorto Riean tariff expires
Otherwise it might be Inconvenient for
certain trusts to get hold of the tobacco
an J sugar areas and other productive
soil in advance of any possible native
competition We are unable to hope that
the delegation or those they represent
will get much comfort In Washington
Again the Supreme Court has met in
public session and failed to give out any
wortl concerning the Constitutional cases
before it We stoutly maintain our con
fidence in the judicial descendants of the
great Marshall but It does not seem to
be shared by persons connected with the
Administration who ure cheerfully
prophesying that Tio opinion will lie ren
dered until rext autumn and that then
It will dodge the main issue and allow im
perialism a chance for further growth
toward perfection But such a theory
we are bound to consider an affront to
the Intelligence patriotism and virtue of
our greatest tribunal
Bvents In Thlna are rushing to the
point of a crisis If anj dependence is to
lie placeel upon the news from that quar
ter Now it is reported that Russia In
sists upon an immediate ratification of
the Manchuria convention on penalty of
an imposition of harder terms Such
action would almost seem to suggest In
sincerity In connection with certain re
cent assurances How does the State
Department regard the situation Where
is the open door
An iceK of More J linn Unit n Mil
lion Over Inut Venr
HAVANA March 11 -The municipal
budget after revision bj a municipal
board of taxpayers amounts to J235ei
which Is JCuOOOO in excess of last
Jears budget
Tlie Dlscuslon sajs that the exploit
ing of the taxpayers of Havana should
cease The new budget shows an Increase
of JOTOiO for salaries anil J5000 is alloweel
as Income from cemeteries In spite of the
fat that cemetery taxes have been sus
pended by higher authority A future
deficit Is assure d
The paper adds that a stop should be
placed upon abuses by peope who are as
unscrupulous In matters of administration
as they are in mitters of morality
Senor Carnot re cently re signed from the
lriilillcil party to which he belonged In
Matanzas on the ground th it it opposed
the candidacy of Maximo Gomez for the
Presidency of Cuba General Gomez has
written to him saying that the President
ought to be a native born Culmi ard that
none of the four foreigners whose names
have been mentioned In connection with
the office has ever expresed a wish to
hold It
He nddesl that many Cubans distrusted
his declarations to the efftttjiat he does
not wish to occupy any position la the
Cuban Republic All he wished however
was to leave a glorious name to his fam
ily and friends
Messrs Burton Dav Ids m Aeheson
Alexander Dovener Morris Sparkman
and Ball of the House Committee on
Rivers and Harbors arrived here toilaj
They have come merely to see the island
and will leave Cuba on rriday
lliiniiu nnel AelellrLM
from the Chicago Chronicle
Whats this Sir llanua scrvini notice upon
Sir AdditLs that the latter gentleman will have
to withdraw from the Ilelauare Snatorlal con
test Why the proceeding amounts to a declar
ation of war between States Mr Vddlcks Is
the sole proprietor and general manager of the
state of Delaware Jui1 as Sir llama owns in fee
simple the Commonwealth of hio lor either
statesman to issue orders to thj other is equiv
alent to the Czar of Ituuda telling the Emperor
of Germany to get off the earth
enntiir Cnrlern Sumlny School e
rrom the Brooklyn Eaglcl
Congress broke the Sabbath by meeting on that
day Hut that enabled Senator Carter to beat
the ltlver and Harbor bill Thus did oua iroud
break deserve permit and secure another
I he Me ilnl Mn Itrnr lie IIUent
of elntlml Viitiipsoii
Secret iry iong yesterday instructed the
Board of Rewtrds to rei ort deslgiis for
the mod lis amlcired by Congress to be
bestowed on eifllcers aud men of the navy
and Marine Corps who partlclp ited in
the West Indian t imoiign ef lils or per
formed either meritorious services In the
war with Sp iln the med lis for the of
ficers anil men who nartielp ited in the
Battle of Manil i Bay bear a relief like
ness of Admiral Dewey and the Board
on Rewards will consider the question
or adopting a medal bearing the likeness
of Admiral Sampson it Is Impossible
at this time to forecast the bu irel s de
cision anel the recommend ition it will
make will be subject to the approval of
Secretary Long
In its report tei the Secret iry of the
Navy recommending rewarels for officers
and men who illstfngulshed themselves In
China the Philippines and Samoa the
bo ml allied attention to the fact tint
while medals of honor could be given to
seamen there was no provision tf 1 iw to
so honor enljsteel men of the Marine
Corps A special act correcting tl Is emis
sion was passed In the last hours of the
Congress just endeel and receiveii the
Presidents approval
recommended for ineilals of honor by the
board will in consequence receive thec
highest marks ot commend illon fcr gal
The failure of the boanl to re commend
greater recognition for Passed Assistant
Surgeon G A Lung for his gallantry
during the S imoan uprising of 1599 than
a letter of commendation has caused
some comment It was the memory of
Dr Lungs eoneluct that caused Secretary
Long to direct the Board on Rewards to
consider reports about the services per
formed by officers and men of the navy
and the Marine Corps In Samoa Dr
Lung went out with the Joint party of
Americans and British seamen anil ma
rines which was ambushed by rebels
on the occasion upon which Lieu
tenant Langhorne and Ensign Mono
ghan of the United States Navy a Brit
ish lieutenant and a number of enlisted
men were killed Dr Lung took charge of a
little parts of Americans and through
holding a position against a large force
of Samoans enabled the surviving mem
bers of the Joint expedition to escape He
was very highly commended In reports
and a great many naval officers believe
he Is entitled to a more substantial re
ward than that suggested by the board
The little band of enlisted men who
helped him are to receive medals ot
Several other officers who participated
in the Pekin relief campaign are also to
receive letters of commendation merelj
while men who served under them are to
get me dals of honor This failure to be
stow higher rewards on some officers Is
pirtly explained by the fact that there
is no authority for awarding medals to
officers ot the navy and the Marine
Corps Only enlisted men of the two
branches are entitled to them In the
arms officers as well as enlisted men are
eligible for the distinction
Through an oversight of Congress Cap
tain McCalla Major Waller and the
other officers of the navy and the Marine
vji ii vmiwg ituueiiiatioiia lot
ment on account of their services in the
Philippines and China were confirmed by
the Senate on Saturday will not be
borne on the naval register as additional
numbers in their grades and thus the
officers jumped them will be retardetl
In promotion
In the Naval Appropriation act Con
gress provided that officers advanced nu
merically for war services should bj
borne on the list as additional numbers
and each oflcer so advanced should be
promoted simultaneously with the offier
Immediately preceding him on the list
Through this means no Injustice would
te done totJio officers Jumped -and thej
regular natural promotion of an officer
would not be retarded Unfortunately
however this provision was made ap
plicable only to officers advanced for ser
vice In the war with Spain Secretary
Long said yesterday that when Congress
reassembled he would eek to have the
provision made applicable to the war In
the Philippine and the recent campaign
in China
The Board on Rewards yesterday filed
an additional report recommeneling that
a letter of commendation be sent to Col
Robert L Mead of the Marine Corps
for his meritorious conduct while In
command of the American forces during
the operations resulting In the capture
of Tientsin July 12 1M0
V XJeleKntein Confe rM A It Is the Pres
ident Concerning Tnxntleiii
The Porto Rlcan Commission which Ins
come to Washington to present the ob
jections eif various business and public
Interests of the Island to the Hollander
bill which wns pissed by the Porto Rlcan
Legislature and which provides for tho
raising of revenue by property and ex
cise taxes was received by the President
yesterday morning As a rei jit of the
conference whch listed over un hour
the President will consider the o tlons
and has promised the comrnlssli that
he will instruct Governor Allen to be ex
tremely lenient in the enforcement of the
law md to exercise- the greatest care Ju
the appointment of assessors
Onlv three of the members of the com
mission weie present at tho confertnte
They were Senor W Borela Senor C
Borda and Senor Vincente Balbos The
other member of the commission Senor
Salazir wab detained in New York The
commission was aecompied to the White
House by Senators llkins and Beveridge
Perry Heath and Mr Curwin the Sec
retary of the Merchants Association of
New 1 ork
The objections of the commission were
embodied In a small pamphlet which sets
forth the fact tint the people of the Is
Iind uie very poor and that there Is at
th present time less than onOii in
circulation on the island Under the pro
visions of the Hollander law 500 u0 will
be collected semiannually thereby les
sening the money in circulation ami pro
ducing a condition of business stagnation
Another objection to which especial at
tention Is given is that the two princi
pal products of the island rum anil to
bacco are- t ixeu so neavuy that their
production under existing conditions Is
practical prohibited
A cl luse in Governor Allens messige to
the Legislature In which he stated tint
there was a surplus In the treasury of
the Island anil that there wis no neces
sity for any immediite revenue legisla
tion Is given a prominent place among
the objections I nder the existing I iw
taxes are paid semi annually and in case
the tixpayer Is delinquent for a period
of more than six months his property
may be confiscated The President s iltl
yestereiay that he was unable to do any
thing to prevent the enactment of this
part of the law It Is thought however
that Governor Allen will construe It se
leniently that confiscation of property for
delinquent taxes will not be ordered
The members of the delegulon eim
plaln also that the majority of the native
members of the Instil ir Board of Iquiil
zatiun should themsi it es be taxpaj ers
The present members are not familiar
with tho needs or the situation they say
and the same complaint applies to the
American members This board consists
of six Americans ilnd five Porto RJcans
The delegition nNo told the President
they were afraid of dlahomst practices
of the board
Iojnlij 1 Philippines
Oroni the ViUsburg Post
In his inaugural addfei s the Irrs ident declares
as rrgarls the lMIli pines - will nut leave
the destiny of tho I teal millions in the islands
to the disloyal thousands who are in rebellion
against the I nltedeiates Ihc Presidents Inti
mation Is that for every Filipino rebel here are
thousand of loval natives General Mac Vrthtir
has stated the contrary as have some of the I Ul
timo Commission rtnt out by the President
The 70 1100 troops in the Wands contra llct the
- t WT -
I lie nllfuriilii CoiiiiiiInhIiiii
Out ll Mriing Miltcment
In reference to the reports of bubonic
plague in San Tranclsco the delegatiem
of Cnllfornlins appointed by the Governor
to confer with the Treasury Department
gave out this statement yestereliy
Some disputes hiving arisen between
the authorities as to the health condition
in California and the quarantine at ban
rrancisco a commission was appointcil
by Governor Gage and Major Phtlin to
confer with the health authorities at
Washington Meetings have been held
vvith the Secretary of the Treasury Ls
man J Gage and with Assistant hecre
tars Spanieling and Surgeon Gtieral Ws
man at which it was eltclteel that no
single case of disease had ever been found
In California of the Infectious bubonic
pneumonic type anil that all other cases
examined none being of white people
were of a non contagious charade r The
Teeleral authorities have expressed them
selves us amply sallleil tint California
Is able toprottct the other States in the
Union and herself frem any species of epi
demic nnel instead of u condition existing
that calls for Ieeleral Interference the
representatives of the Surge on Generals
nfflnn n 1 C f I m
unr it in oau i runciscu are in nrartyr
All the marines nccord with the city and State authorities
California Is doing her duty she has
no epielemic now anel never has had
There h is not ev en been a report of a
supposed case of plague for twents
three das s and the death rate for China
tow n Is now the lowest It has been for
ten sears
Ans statement tint the Treasury De
pigment or the Surgeon Generals De
partment has taken charge of health af
fairs in San KrancUco Is absolutely and
unqualifiedly false
In making the statement that no case
of plague had been found In San rran
cisco the commission takes direct issue
with Secretary Gage who said on Satur
day that the- commission of experts ap
pointed by him to Investigate the plague
situation In San Francisco had returned
a report which stated that there had
been six deaths In that city from the
disease and that several cases still ex
isted there
It has been learned also on official au
thority that Surgeon General vhlte of
the Marine Hospital Service had been
elesignated as the official to have charge
of the measures taken to control the sit
uation In Chinatown Sin Francisco
where the present cases of the plague are
The Treasurv officials unite in saying
that there is no cause for alarm on the
part of the people in surrounding States
and that the spread of the disease In San
Francisco can prob ibly be prevented by
strict measures The Department insists
however that the Feeleral Government
shall take such measures as It eleems nec
essary without interference from the
State and city authorities uch as has
been manifested during the last few
vv eeks
Assistant Secretai Spauldlng however
announce d yesterday that the epidemic
was of an extremely mild type and non
contagious and that San Francisco was
as healthy as any city In the Unitd
Mr Itousevt lt tine of the residents
Unrly Cullers
vice President Roosevelt Is an early
riser testerday morning he called at the
White House before the President had
entered his office The President came In
immediately however and the two men
had a short conference By calling early
Mr Roosevelt had an opportunity to talis
with Mr McKlnlev before the long line
of Senators arrlveel The Vice President
expects to leave Washington tomorrow
or Thurselay and return to his home at
Osy ter Bav
Senator Teller was at the White House
yestereiay and presented his colleague Mr
Patterson the newly elected Senator from
Colorado The President yesterday shook
hands with a delegition of fifty Christian
Lndeavorers from New Haven Conn
lnterestllif Ilnlletln Issued
the Centiiin Office
A bulletin on the manufacture of beet
sugar haE been Ised by the Census Bu
reau It was prepared bj Dr O L
Silencer of the Dep irtment of Agricul
ture under fhe direction of S N D
Worth Chief Statistician for Manufac
In the preparation of this report Dr
Spencer personallj visited every beet
sugar factory In operation In the United
States and his report is an admirable
statement of the development and present
condition of this new industry In view
of the great interest in the subject of the
manufacture of sugar from the beet Dr
Spencer was directed to prep ire a report
more detailed than usual rrom this re
port it appears that there were thirty one
beet sugar factories In the United States
in the census year distributed among ten
States and one Territory representing an
invested capital of J201v55ia and prod ir
Ing 71117 long tons of beet sugur valu d
at J73J3 857 This Is a small product in
view of the amount of capital Invested
due largely to the fact that the census
sear was a elisistrous one for beet sugar
The- existence of thirts -seven factories
is reported at the close of the census
vear having a nomln il dally capacity of
2 31Q short tons of beets and capabu of
manufuiturim JinOOO short tons of sugar
The deeade ending with the Twelfth
Census covers the period of greatest ac
tivity In this Industrj and may almost be
said to have witnessed its birth as a suc
cessful manufacturing enterprise As the
result of his Investigations the special
agent reports that the beet sugar manu
facture mij now be regardeil as a com
mercial success In the United States
ten Vlnrlnii dr IHos i i
luy Dossn Vrms
The War Department yesterday re
ceived the following cablegram from
Gener il MacArthur
Gen Marl in ele Dios four officers fifty-seven
men uniformeel and armed sur
rendered at Maic This is regarded as
very important and indicating the
I ipse of the insurrection
Tiie territory
heretofore obstinately defended
Conditions throughout the
- iTF wtwrrj Tw aw yai
V StrniiK Mnntiiil Ionnel In Colnni
bin liiiserslty lllirnry
NKW YORK March 11 Since the In
stall ition of Dr Canlielel as librarian of
Columbi i University a year and a half
ago many interesting volumes whose ex
istence was previously unknown gener
ally have been unearthed In the course
of literary house cleaning but prob
ably a discovery of last week Is the most
singular thus far made It Is a yellow
covered pamphlet of twenty -four pages
four by six Inches in size and Is beyond
reasonable doubt the only extant ritual
of the organization known as the Ku
Klux Klin
The authenticity of the hand book Is
attested by a letter pasted In the- back of
the book and written by a woman In
Nashville Tenn some ten years ago
She writes that it Is a prescript of the
Ku Klux Klan which escaped destruction
when the ghouls disbanded and was
given me by an ex member The
ghouls she goes on to stnte were un
der positive orders to burn every possible
trace of their secref organization It was
only by the sheerest good chance that the
manual In question was preserved
Nowhere in the twenty four pases is
the name of the order mentioned whTe
It should be printed there Is either a blank
space or an Insertion of asterisks
the title page announces that this is a
revised anel amended prescript of the
order of the below Is added the
motto Damnant eiuoel non Intelltgunt
The cloud of mystery thickens on page
2 where It provides that this organiza
tion shall be styled and denominated the
order of the
All the way through the book the great-
est respects Is ostensibly shown for the
Constitution and for an organized central
government but It reepjires little more
than a superficial reading to perceive the
unwillingness of the order to recognize
any Federal legislation or admlnlstratloa
in opposition to its views This is the
We the order of the rever
ently acknowledge the majesty and su
premacy of the Divine Being and recog
nize the goodness and providence of the
same And we recognize our relation to
the United States Government the su
premacy of the Constitution the constitu
tional laws thereof and the Union cf
States thereunder
I he purposes of the fraternity are next
enumerated in the following eloquent lan
guage This Is an Institution of chival
ry hunanltv mercy and patriotism em
body fng in Its genius and orincinles all
that is chlvalrlc in conduct noble in sen
timent generous in manhood and pa
triotic in purpose its peculiar objects be
ing to protect the weak the innocent and
tne defenseless f om the Indignities
wrongs and outrages of the lawless the
violent and the brutal to relieve the In
jured nnd the oppressed to succor the
suffering the unfortunate and especlallj
the willows and the orphans of Confed
erate soldiers and to protect and defend
the Constitution of the United States and
all laws passed In conformity thereto
and to protect the States and people
thereof from all invasions from any
source whatsoever ard to aid In the ex
ecution of all constitutional laws and to
protect the people from unlawful seizure
and from trial except by their peers in
conformity to the laws of the land
The last phrases reveal though gradu
ally the menacing attitude of the Klan
toward the constitutionality of the intro
duction of martial law Into the Southern
States during the turbulent period of re
construction as well as a refusal to per
mit Southerners to suffer trial in the mili
tary courts Above all the mysterious
dignitaries was the Grand Wizard of the
Empire with his ten Genii Then followed
In order of jurisdictional Importance the
Grand Dragon of the Realm and Hydra
the Grand Titan of the Dominion and six
Furies the Grand Giant of the Province
with four Goblins the Grand Cyclops of
the Den and two Nlghthawks Grand
Magi a Grand Monk a Grand Scribe a
Grand Exchequer a Grand Turk and a
Grand Sentinel The body politic was com
posed of Ghouls
Nothing server better to illustrate the
real ground for the Klan s existence than
the series of questions which the candi
date for admission was obliged to answer
satisfactorily The prospective member
who had to be at leatt eighteen years of
age and who was considered eligible to
try only after the closest investigation
of his antecedents on taking the most
solemn of oaths was made to show that
he never belonged to the Radical Re
publican perty the Loyal League and
the Grand Army of the that he
was emphatically opposeel to the princi
ples of these organizations that he did
not belong to the Federal army- In the
civil war that he was opposed to the
social and political equality of the negro
that he favoreel a white mans govern
ment in this country that he believed
in constitutional liberty and a govern
ment of equitable laws instead of a gov
ernment of violence and oppression that
he was In favor of maintaining the con
stitutional rights of the South of re-
cnfranchlslng and emancipating the white
men of the South and restoring the
Southerr people to all their political
rights alike and lastly that he believed
In the Inalienable right of self-preservation
of the pe ople against the exercise of
an arbitrary and unlicenseel power If
the candidate failed In any detail he was
summarily dismissed with the significant
admonition never to reveal what he had
see n or heard
He Sue climbed to Xlieiplexy in n Vevv
Tlnrk Hotel
NEW YORK March 11 Col George B
Cow Ian was found dead in bed today in
his room at the Cosmopolitan Death
was due to apoplexy
He was born In 142 At the outbreak
of the civil war he was a telegraph opera
tor He joined Ellsworths Zouaves and
went immediately to the front A little
liter he was pi iced in command of the
telegraphic communication of General
McClellans army When the Monitor had
the famous duel w ith the Merrimac he
was at Newport News In the fight a
shell struck his olhcer where he sat at
the wire
At the end of the war the colonel w is
made secretary of the Reconstruction
Committee at Washington and had close
relations with General Butler In lrter
Sears he edited several trade and finan
cial papers In this cits
Up to a short time ago he was Vice
President of the Inter fatate Finance
Compans at 77 Broadwas He Had arge
Interests in the iron trade In Canada and
was about to devote himself to them ex
clusively when he died He leavts a
widow a son and a daughter
four milium Ioiviim Iteeelve Vloney
for lilinirles
Carnegie has given these sums to Indiana
towns for libraries
Muncle SJOOoo Wabash 2t0i Peru
25 i Elkhart JDOOeK In each case the
irclilpilao very encouraging Captures clt must lvlde a site and a sufficient
for maintenance
ntiil surrcnilerlnrr of arms continue-
1 hrei thousand one hundred and
inns surrendered and nptuivd
since Juniitr I MacAUTHllt
VlrtlntM II I huh I In Brer ninl loe Htsr
mi lit MrcrlH
Consul Solomon Uerllnor at Ttiieriffe
lua sent to the hi itt Dcp irtnu nt a sptclal
report upon tin sufojt ct of U prosy at tint
plice lie tito tint thi re ire three
distinct species of the disease on the Grand
Canar et the nathes do not atttmpt
to Isolate tho anilctul who wander at
will through the towns heKginpr
Thev present n pltiible sight as they
hobble along he s s in mun instances
Mr lmiirtlerM iniult for Life
brum the Iliilailelphu Het oni
Ily his a jHiifmit to tlie Cliairman hip of the
uiii Ii CUiiiiH iiitii m n e Stnatnr handler
luit proIuMV prmi led with un ouui ation
for he riiiuinuVr ff his term of life o
trJKFUKtit f i iiiUmled hy thF murk inUed
ne wouM l loith lu niM tho well known n oce
of the frrnul e Viutor from oHklal circles at
Washington where lie h Ion torn
Nor hhoul I it he inferred that Mr
Chandler has paed the period of worou i man
hood hut the lonncvitv of C laimi lmuni cions
ih protrrhial and that which ha- hern apointvl
to adjust the spanlOt war claim U bktb to out
livr neratlin of men now In their jocund
1 lie 1 1st eif t ljlieils Inlr t eimiiils
eleiiiiTs Neatly Ciimpltte
Emht of the nine Commissioners for
the tit Lends Worlds Tnir have been de
cideel upon anil as soon as the ninth
memlier is definitely selected the an
nouncement of the full nembershlp of
the Commission will be made
E-v-Senator Ihurstoti of Nebraska has
accepted the offer of one of the Com-
missionshlps anel his name will be
eluded In the list
Thi Looters Iim
Irom tlie InihatupMhs News
lltliwire has done wieh in eleslilmir to
i xnosiiiir hands without finirers and feeLl ir sais in die s nite remain vaeant rather
without toes Lilian to send men like Vtldieks to Uaalilnj ton
for she will not be more with va
eant se its tlian she woiitel with men or ha
stamp enciipymir tlnm Vs it is Delaware iir
have the tiiiwlatlen of knoTinjr that at lesea
she lu not aildesl two mere names tie the franc
of men at Waslungtell tlut is flilefle enSJseil in
lousing out tor their own interests
Leini nnel Mimpsiiu
Vrom the llulnth IveninR IleraM
loajs is a weak L tf r but he can do no fur
tner harm He will make a very resid Secretary
of he Navi in times of peace llisbllinderiny
tave the nation one ot the most ebsasreiahle in
cidents of the Si4insli war the Samiioon Scliler
controversy but that nun is enileel Sampson hav
ing ellsjjiistesl even ins puiruns ewm ins ik
exhibition of gaU
fJS SfJSWijp
V Frrnrli View of the Conditions In
TIiIm Country
PARIS March 11 1 Ecolo des Hautes
Etudes Socialen Is an Institution In Paris
composed of three schools devoteel re
spectively to the study of morals Jour
nalism nnd socl ilism The questions
hearing on these subjects are of as prac
tical and investigative a nature as possi
ble anel several of the lecturers are pro
fessors of the Sorbonne
A short time ago M P de Rouslers
who has spent some time In thV United
States in studying the different work-
r mens associations delivered a lecture on
The Syndlcal Organization ot the Ameri
can Workmen to the students of tho
School of Socialism In the course of It
he said that machinery was not intro
deced Into the United States as early as
In England but there was an advantage
for the former In this as she had thus
the choice of the more modern mechani
cal appliances of which she was not slow
to iivull herself Once thst machinery had
begun to be used In the United States
Its employment became almost universal
and at the present moment no country
In the world could compare with It In
Its mechanical development and inven
He spoke ot the wages of the American
workmen which he Saiu were much
larger than those of any European coun
trj doubling those of England for In
stance and declared that It was not his
opinion ns It was that of many- persons
that this higher valuation of labor re
sulted from a protective tar He re
ferred to American metallurgists who he
said at this moment were the redoubta
ble rivals of those of England Germany
and France and who bid fair to outstrip
them These enjoyed no benefit from tne
protective law and yet there was no
diminution In their wages as compared
with other associations of workmen M
de Rousiers himself blieved that tho
higher wages of the United States were
caused partly- at least by the independ
ence to be found in that country He
spoke of the freedom from restraint that
a citizen of the United States and even
a foreigner wishing to become one en
joyed In staking a claim In the West and
sin piuiet uun ne nau irom tne Govern
ment once he had become a landowner
In this simple fashion Another reason
for higher wages he found In the general
employment of machinery Naturally
where it was used the force of workmen
vyas always reduced and hence doable
the ordinary- price of labor could be paid
One diel not see in America hand maile
things as In Europe and It would be very
difficult for instance there to have a pair
of shoes made to measure
That which differentiated American
workmens organizations from those of
Europe he said was their centralization
There were no Isolated irroups as on the
Continent or in England and it was very
easy for a workman to pass from one
great manufactory to another thus ob
viating as It were all rivalry He spoe
of the Knights of Ijibor as the first or
ganization which vorK sl for the union of
all laoar orgntzi m is Into one grat
whole The latter had nov been tup
planted by the un rlcHn Inlerrtion of
Labor whose chief purpose was to or
ganize the disorganize
In spite of the adv mtagSof this svs
tem of centralization among the different
workmens syndicates there were certain
difficulties to be surmounted M d
Rousiers found One of these was the oif
ferent nationalities represented which of
course did not facilitate always an amal
gamation of forces Another was that zn
American workman might quit at any
time the rank of wage laborers to be
come an owner of 3mall property In the
West by means of his accumulattl sav
ings This of coure selelom if ever oc
curred In Europe einee t vvyrkmaii al
ways a workman Then there was co
that dead weight of Immigrants nrIving
by every vessel In America who came to
offer themselves as Aorkmcn and were
almost Incapable of acting a3 stch
Cotton IenilM the List AVlth a Gnln
Over Last lienr
The exports of domestic breadstuffs
provisions cotton and mineral oils dur s
lng the month of February were values
nt JCti0993 as against 0673199 In Feb
ruarsi 130 Breadstuffs show an Increase
of H 8Xif provisions an increase of
S134Si cotton a decrease of JS 537460 and
mineral oils a decrease of 1053124
For the eight months ended February
23 the value of these products exported
w is S3tiS740S7o or JSfl735 931 In excess of
those for the same period of the previous
fiscal year Of this Increase cotton alone
furnished y72657231
V Ilettrifr on the Cost of Photo
frrnphlc Supplies
Walter S Ilubbell of Rochester X Y
and C S Abbott of Jamestown X Y
officers of the General Aristotype Com
pany were witnesses before the Indus
trial Commission y esterday This company
controls the greater part of the trade In
photographic supplies In the United
States on a capitalization of JoOOOCn
equally elivided between preferred and
common stock The last year
paid 7 per cent on the preferred ard 15
per cent on the common stock
These witnesses testified that by- the or
ganization of this company- the expenses
wire reduced but that more traveling
men were employed These men are large
ly engaged in demonstrating to photogra
phers the use of the companys goods It
was denied that the company has a monopoly-
of the trade anel as far as the
witnesses could see no Injury bad rei
sulted to the trade or the public the
formation of the company
Since the consolidation of the company
Mr Abbott said other lines of raanuf ic
ture had been taktn up Including many
lines of supplies which were then pur
chased from other firms Its gooels sold
for higher prices than those made by same
of the competing companies but this was
not found to lie a drawback after photog
raphers were familiar with the use of
them Mr Abbott denied that the com
piny was a trust in any sense It cm
trolled over half or the output of photo
graphic paper but he declined to give
the figures on the sale of this or of othr
material He agreed to consult with the
other officers of the company and furnish
tlie ligures If the company agreed but
he did not care to do so at present as he
might give the company s competitors
some advantage To this Mr Hubbell as
Mr Abbott instanced the case of a com
petitor who claimed that he bousht his
raw materials for less than the Aristo
type Company and made a better paper
which he sold for less mone y and yet
he complained he was being driven out
of the market by the trust Mr Abbott
coulel not see how the triist made goods
could drive out a cheaper and at the
s ime time a better class of gooels There
were many companies he said which
handled photographic supplies and It
would be Impossible for the Aristotype
Company if It were so Inclined to throttle
The ales of photographic supplies in
cluding cameras paper and other arti
cles was steadily Increasing owing to the
Interest taken in amateur work and the
ease vvith which amateurs could take pic
tures The price of cameras had been
reduceel dnce the formation of the com
pany in 1S09 He thought that while con
solidation reduced the cost to the con
sumer anel enhanceel the profits of tho
company It did not Interfere with Indh lu
ll il competition
Vleiv e iueiitM eif niil YeieieelN
The training ship Hartford has arrlveel
at Imberts IVint Va the tender Peo
ria at IJrunswIck Ca the training ship
Euffalo at Hongkong the collier Leonl
elas at Kamberts Point the gunboats An
napolis Wompatuck Piscataiiua and
lroiroat Aden and the station uship
Mayflower at San Juan The flagship
New York has salieel from Hampton
Roads for Gibraltar and the gunno it
Scorpion from Ii Guayra for Trlnldael
Verily He Until His lteesarel
Irom the Hartford Times
Now iverjltoely can see vfr Lindsay ot
Kentucky who was ejected as a Democrat lias
leen such an earnest expansionist and ytehinley
man etunnir the past eijchtcen months lleifl a
M Democrat lie was sure to be retired by liU
constituents anil he needed somethingr else He
gets a St brans reposition Commisatonephlp
71011 a year -for several years to come

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