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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, March 16, 1901, Image 6

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SATURDAY MARCH 16 1901
Publication Oftcc
the utrjCiirxs building
1lWtSrlVAMA AVENUE
Fnbscrlptlon b Mull One Tear
JIORMVCJ EVENING AND SUNDAY Sl 00
MOnMXO AXD S LMIAY 400
evenixoand sundat 400
EcsditOili 100
Monthly bj Carrier
MORNING Kv Qltd AND fcCMlA V Fif 1 cents
JlOIlMNO AND SUNDAT Tltrl fire eellfs
Evening and Sunday Thu f trjtrt
Circulation Statement
The cimilation of The Time tor the wee
ended Mrch 8 1101 was as follows
Sunday March 3 SUS7
Mondai March 1 M
Tuesdn March S 5UIS
Hed ieiKlsy March 6 40SM
Thursdai March 7
Friday March S 39X
Saturday March 39972
Total SS02SI
Dally average Sunday I41S7 excepted 42G82
The Vlur Peril In Clilnn
Tor nearly a month the situation in
China has been demonstrating explosive
possibilities which have at length almost
culminated In an open ruptuteletv ecn
two of the sreat Toners In th6 Concert
The British Irterest has been recently
active In repairing the railway from
Pekln to Tientsin and the other da
United to build a siding at the latter
place which crossed the line of the area
claimed bv the Russians as their con
cession The British commander ordered
that the work proceed protests from the
other side to the contrary notwithstand
ing Last evening our Chinee despatches
Mated that the guards of the two con
tending parties were close to each other
and that unles the Russians should re
tire a clash of arms hardly can be pre
i ented
feueh a thing would bo deplorable be
cause it would mean war and a war Into
whl h the nations of Europe would be al
most certainly drawn on one side or the
other If It should transpire that there
is an understanding between Great Brit
ain and German the greatest naval and
the greatest military Power of the world
on the subject of common action In
China it Is altogether likely that Russia
will recede at Tientsin and It would be
far better to Tallure to make a local
and minor concession would tend to indi
cate that Russia had reached the long ex
pected point where she would feel her
self safe in lieardlng the lion
The outlook Is the reverse of satis
factory Kconomic conditions quite as
much a considerations of humanity mor
ally forbid a general war at this time
The peoples of Europe and all of them
are sadly overburdened with debts con
tracted in past wars In these das the
margin between the bare means of ex
istence for the masses and their saving
abllltv Is a Vfrj narrow one In any
Old World struggle in the near future
the vanquished will scarcely escape bank
ruptcy al the victor will be not much
better off in case hostilities were to con
tinue for as much as a 3 ear
Count von Buelow In a speech In the
German Reichstag jesterda admitted
that serious differences of opinion existed
among some of the Powers in connection
with affairs in China His expressed be
lief that they would be overcome without
un rupture of the Concert harmony may
have been sincere or it may have repre
sented merely diplomatic prudence That
there Is grave trouble in the wind is evi
dent In many wajt Our own Govern
ment Is putting up Its umbrella and hunt
ing for a place to get In out of the storm
which perhaps Is wise because if the
clouds should break probablj there would
be a deluge of blood exposure to which
wc might well wish to escape
sjunelny at the Ilfirurj
As the country has been Informed
through Washington despatches to the
dally press Congress nt its late Besslon
failed to make the Insignificant appropria
tion of twelve thousand dollars which
would have made it feasible to open the
Congressional Library to the public for
several hours on Sundajs The punish
ment thus Inflicted upon students whose
every minute during the week in Library
hours is occupied In bread winning Is
cruel and unusual
What matters it to the scholarly Gov
ernment clerk or the business man of
culture that he lives within a stones
throw of the grandest library In the hemi
sphere For all the good It can be to
htm It might as well be In the middle of
the Desert of Sahara And there are
hundreds of people who study work on
literary social or scientific subjects In
the few hours they can spare from their
ordinary avocations who would consider
It a godsend to be able to spend a little
time on Sunday afternoon and evening In
the Congressional Library In short the
people here who most need the facility
nre debarred from enjojing It either by
the Indifference of Congress or the effect
upon it of a narrow spirit of Sabbata
rianism which Is all right for the Sab
batarians but should not be permitted
to destroy the privileges of others
Since it only requires twelve thousand
dollars to open the Library on Sundavs
Is there not some public spirited man of
large wealth who will present the luui
to tne Librarian
One- Kind of Club
There was a discussion recently at a
certain womans club in New York called
the Society for Political Study which Is
a fairly good example of the sort of ar
gument which i ome womens clubs In
dulge In under the apparent impression
that It is intellectual It is a fact both
lamentable and somewhat absurd that
when the fashion of feminine Intellectu
ality was once fairly set a great number
of women who were never intended by
nature to think began to try to do so
to the great grief of manj persons more
or less connected with them Possibly
the womens clubs which have resulted
from this kind of thing are no more
useless from an Intellectual point of view
thai the old fashioned sewing society
or quilting bee but they are not of
quite as much material benefit to the
world
Tills particular discussion started from
r paper read to prove that city life was
better and pltasantcr than countr life
the kind of question some of us used to
discuss In our compositions at school In
the course of the paper the writer said
that Socrates would have done little good
If he had not lived in a city but that
he doubtless was out late so often that
it whs no wonder Xnntlppe became a
s hrcw After the memliers of the club
had listened to this paper they began
to dl It and this
cuss Is the patient re
porters account of the proceedings
At the conclusion cf the paper a free dlscunjon
ensued which quickly rescind iulf into criti
cism aad defence of the farmers mind manners
xd cookery Uiss Louise Stevens started the
ball rMlinf by eating that the smell of for-
Sotlrn dinners or too savor viands and so on
dn made the apartment in which the average
citizen spends bis life a burden and she pre
ferfe tirm Mrs Marcaret Bates referred to
Uri Tajlora statement that insanity prevailed
imait farmers wives to a greater Argrn than in
tha cttr and asserted that she never knew one
f0 waa Inordinately crazy and had seen
shany won en since residing in the city of wlios
sanity aha had doubts f he pictured the many de
lights of ttuntry hf with an enthuiiuia bora ol
rpring but cltferd her remarks bv the anti
climax that on the whole the would rather hare
a citr fiat than a farm
Mrs May B Itrdrll Injudiciously commented
on fsrnihousc cookii a- faying that she wondered
that the farmers had an health aa they hred
rrmcipall on potatoes pic and cake She in
dulged in some painful reminiscences evidinth
aa die asserted that steak was a thin to be
dreaded In the country Thin arouvd the intra
Iters who were horn on farms who rie en mae
to protest One remarked with tears in her voice
that farmer wives were as much ladies as wo
men in the city which brought Mr Bedell to
her feet in horrified disclaimer of having in any
wai referred to their manners or Rood breeding
VIis Vnicrica 1 hilltps asserted that as far at
health was concerned issiple in the countrv take
a great deal more nirdicmc than in town She
pave an instance in which a country cousin ail
vied her to take a spring nicdKinc saving that
she could get six quart bottle for 5 Mut
think of buvinc six quarts at one time exclaim
ed Miss Phillips in tones ol dbmaj she then
iiKinuateil thing about the farmers men
tality that aroused another storm of wrath anions
the rural memlsts Vtrs John Zehly retorted that
In a wide acquaintance with country life the had
known nnbj one crarx person and that was a man
who came to ew -jerk and worked with Dr
rarkhuift
Apparentlv this mixture of trivialities
personalities nnd acrimonious retort Is
whit that club considers political study
If there arc man such clubs in the coun
try ltmlght be a good thing to establish
a mission to bring the wandering sheep
back to the gcod old fashioned Dorcas
Socictj where nobody pretended to know
anv thing about pohtes and the topics
of discussion were confined to the Hys
terics of lierrugbone stitch and the af
fairs of the neighbors At these meetings
the housewives of the neighborhood ex
changed not only gossip but recipes for
cake and patterns for gowns and the
result was often Increased perfection in
housekeeping which even woman in
those dajs considered her real trade and
which must still be the trade or at least
seenl flvc per cent of the women of to
day There is dignity In doing some one
thing well If It is nothing but soap
bolllng there Is none at all in neglecting
real work to piny at political discussion
and get into hsterical fusses over fan
cied insults
There are women here nnd there who
are really Interested In studjlng politics
and other things but the will seldom be
found In such clubs as these any more
than a genuine artist will waste his time
at a studio tea where nobody knows any
thing about the principles of art but
everhdy wishes to make a pretence of
knowing Unless people desire to know
n thing well It Is not only useless but
utterly ridiculous for them to study it
superficially for the purpose of appear
ing Intellectual The tendency toward
Fham knowledge thus fostered Is consid
erably worse from any point of view
than the densest ignorance because It is
essentially dishonest The plnii old
countr woman honestly and rightly
proud of her butter her cheese her
cakes and her thriving poultry yard de
lighting in her d linlily clean house with
Its old time furniture clinging with a
wholesome instinct to the quaint pic
turesque speech and the hilf poetic half
grotesque traditions of her great-grandmother
is as much more dlgnllled than
these sham Intellectual clubwomen as an
old fashioned eight day clock Is more
valuable and more beautiful than a nickel
watch The sooner the Selma Whites of
this day and generation find that out the
more chnce they will stand of making
something respectable out of themselves
their children and the life of this coun
try
Teapot Tempests
On the whist page of a New York Sun
day paper Is to be found this bit of re
flection
The pity of it all is that so manr people can
not play bnd without fowling their man
ners and losing their tempers term
and there is dancer as the excitement gnus
apace of deadly feuds arising in hitherto well
regulated sets Pome women and men also be
11 understood can never learn to lose srracefullv
and as bridge is a game where onea partner
can make or lot e ones hand there is a fine chance
for the ditplai of self control cr vkc versa
Most absurdly ehildih in review are rranv of the
fierce squabble often ending in tears of rase
when a Iiand Is lost and It would be more tlian
human endurance that could remain unmoved un
der the accusations of ineomjietency to put it
mlldl that are hurled across the table
This is rather funny and rather pa
thetic too when one comes to think of
It The idea of two rational adult
human beings getting Into a fuss and
fret over so trivial a matter as a game
of cards makes one inclined to be
ashamed of the species Yet these things
undoubtedly do happen A recent book
on whist wnrns its readers solemnly
against losing their temper or abusing
their pnrtners
But after all quarrels frequently do
begin with small mishaps and disagree
ments There are people who are forever
fretting ov er things not w orth a moments
thought and who make a whole house
hold miserable for half a dty If some
tiny matter of detail goes wrong The
queer part of It Is that the usuall seem
to consider their temperament particu
larly admirable Sometimes they put it
on religious grounds asseverating that
the little things are most Imiortant and
sometimes they clnim to have a sensitive
artistic temperament which makes them
suffer more than other mortals when
anj thing Is not right suffering of
other people under the whirlwind of
wrath grief or contempt which emanates
from the aforesaid sensitive nnd tor
mented soul is something which Is appar
entl not worth considering There Is no
barometer b which th comparative
misery of human beings can be measured
and so it will probably never be known
this side of the Judgment da which
suffered most from the artistic tempera
ment the person who had It or those who
were obliged to live with that person and
were so Unfortunate perhaps as to
love him
There is a shrewd suspicion In the
minds of sorni cmny observers however
that the trouble is not with the general
crookedness of things and the sensitive
ness of certain souls bo much as with a
general lack of largeness of soul and
vision It Is possible If one so desires
to attain to a calmmfs and generosity
of nature which will be above all these
small annoyances or will recognize them
for what they ale things which may
cause momentary Irritability but nre not
worth permanent disquiet Moreover If
one really cannot control hlmscTMn play
ing whist or doing an other thing Hot
absolutely necessary If he finds that
evcrj time lie Indulges In It his temper
Is so aroused by a trivial happening as
to be practically uncontrolHble the only
wic course for him to pursue Is
to avoid the occupation There Is no
virtue In elolng a thing which makes one
cross when there nre so nnny tilings to
do which do not have that effect It
would be just as sensible to eat u piece
of mince pie with the full knowledge that
a fit of dspepsla would be the conse
quence as to place ones belf In a position
where irritability was the Inevitable and
necessar stite of mind There nre
plenty of things which are unpleasant In
this world without an one hunting for
them It Is not necessary either to dodge
pain or to seek it Wie Fates generally
take care that one has as much as is
good for health The theory that one
should court unpleasantness for some
fancied moral effect Is responsible for
more bud temper than most other mis
chievous theories in the world Morbid
people have refused to remove themselves
from unpleasant circumstances thought
less or callous persons have refused to
remove unpleasantness all because of
this mistaken notion that Irritability
THE TIMES WASHINGTON SATURDAY MARCH 1G 1901
more or less controlled by an effort Is
somehow a virtue The sensible plan
would seem to bo to avoid feeling Irritable
at all There are two ways of doing this
ono by making up ones mind that there
are really very few things worth fretting
about and most of those things will not
be helped at all by fretting and the other
by making things as pleasant as possible
for ones self and others The tempera
ment which takes the latter course has
sometimes been decried as easy going
but after all it is a very good tempera
ment to have A bright cssajist once
said in the course of reflections on pleas
ant people that it was the fashion to
make fun of that old hjmn which used to
be sung at funerals
SWcr thou w ast mild and lovelj
but that after all it suggested a type of
wontnn more agreeable to live with than
the one apostrophized as follows
Sister thou wast irascible and intereUing
And the suggestion Is worth following
The canal pot is beginning to boil al
ready The next session of Congress Is
distant more than nine months jet in
terested parties are hard at work play
ing for ndv antagc w hen the great ques
tion shall bo sprung next December
Iord Panncefoto had a talk with Sec
retary Hay on Wednesday as it is under
stood on the subject of reopening ne
gotiations for a treaty to tike the place
of the rejected Ha ote agree
ment The Ministers of Nicaragua Costa
Rica and Colombia wee also at the
State Department The fight between the
Nicaragua nnd the Panama Canal projects
Is fairly on It Is unnecessary again to
remind readers that the first is onlj
backed bv considerations of patriotism
and public utility The second is being
promoted by a clique very close to the
Administration and able nnd willing to
spend several million dollars to gain their
end
Boni Castellane has become a chronic
feature of our news from Paris His
latest bow to the world public has been
made in the act of assaulting an editor in
his apartment a slight weak elderly
man vastly his inferior in phslcal
strength We do not care to waste sym
pathy t pon the newspaper man who
shoulel have been quite prepared for
the -visit But we do hope that he is a
good shot or swordsman whichever talent
he is to be called upon to exercise on the
field of honor If an thing unpleasant
should h ippen to Boni in the duel which
is to follow at once the tears that would
be shed could bo lost in the cavity on
the point of a pin
Radiant in gold epaulets sword belts
and brass buttons the officers of the
army on duty in Washington ester
day were presented to the new As
sistant Secretary of War This was a
ple asant courtes extended by Secretary
Root to his running mate Just appointed
It was also a gentle hint to the absent
and abandoned Meiklejohn that he may
not be as much of an Administration can
didate for the Senate as his friends have
imagineel him Poor Meiklejohn
Those stern Parisian adversaries Derou
lede and Buffet having been shadowed by
detectives for some davs in Switzerland
have decided that their honor is satisfied
and they will now desist from any further
attempt to drink each others gore As It
has often been said It Is hard indeed to
get hurt in a French duel
A NEW WAR CLAIM DECISION
Compensation Allowed tor Property
Taken or Le f Iroiipn
The Comptroller of the Treasury has
been requested by the Secretary of War
to give his opinion on a question unslng
in a number of claims against the Gov
ernment for compensation for private
property taken b order of the military
authorities and devoted to the use of the
troops
The question raised by the Secretary cf
War is Has the Secretary of War au
thority to settle ami order the pament of
a claim for mone due on an implied con
tract which has been performed
Assistant Comptroller Mitchell sas in
his answer
If all of the elements necessar to
constitute a binding contract actuilly ex
ist and the property is actually taken
b the Government for the use of the
army I bee no reason why the amount
may not be liquidated by jou and the
amount thereof paid In the same manner
as vvouut oe uone vvnere part of the con
tract was expressed and part Implied
A GOT FOR THE BATTLESHIP
heeretnr Iomkx Ails lee In the- Case
nf Hie Rhode Isliinel
To a letter from Representative Mell
vllle Hull of Rhode Island asking that
Secrearv Iong suggest some appropriate
gift to be presented by the State of Rhode
Island to the battleship named in Its
honor Mr Long has bent the following
reply
J have jour letter I would not sug
gest a silver service as a gift from the
State of Rhode Island to the battleship
named for it Such a service must neces
sarily be kept enclosed and m idea of
n propel memorial Is something which
everybody can bee The best I know of Is
tint given b the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts to the battleship Massa
thusctts a lironzo figure of victory In
front of the forw inl turret West Vir
ginia Iiks In mind a bronzo reproduction
of the of that State I think
It would be- well to appoint a committee
of two or three with a view to consulta
tion vlth some good artist Way not
Commodore Perry a native of Rhode Isl
and If so a statue of him or bas relief
would be worth considering
Veiy trul ours
JOHN D LONG
ir 11 it Kir MorKnii nnd flit McnriiKiin
Cunnl
J om tie Houon Pout
Often defeated he has never hwt hope or cour
age and Ms MrfcMrnt effcrt for fo crand an
und 1 taking hai vvn fur him the admirit ion
of the nation There was vnme thina lathetic
Iiowrtor in M reniailv the other da when he
that he might not lite to Me this
wcrk lrtfcun Lt the hoje be ciniebt ei rew
ed tint mhIi will not h the raw While I ten ton
did not lite to ne the Pacific railroad Ugim it
is Mill iofihle that Morgan ma be toured to
participate in the ceremonies which fchall mark
the btiiming of thu isthmian uuterujy under
direction of the Tidied State Then the
Iaharra statesman will be prepared to depart
in rcacc
Oilell n the S rjifiit Chllil
From the Phlladeli hia Timet
Hoof neK wa i by Odcll PlaltV cl icf
lieutenant a ihief apmtle of the Piatt hjalini
of politic fwnbody expected that the Piatt
tcliool at the fifth Atedue Hotel would
be reopene d that Odrll would journey from
Alhanj to New rk vtry baturdi night to
reeeht the Piatt e rdertt on the following day
aid to the 6urprie of ettrjbod tliU ii ju t
nliat uhit tufpeiied
Piatt hold j his usual Sunday rretptlcn hut
Cotewor Ode I Kpuids hi Sunday at his New
burjf home and return to Mbanv without meeting
Piatt More anton Kblng than all he U
uppiM lnjr PUtts State couistahulary measure
and acting for all the world aft though he lmant
to e loternor himelf And the people nf Vw
ork are rubbing their eye and wandering if
I so it ie alwats go by the rule of contraries
11 Firm ami IlKlit Aftrruarel
From the Nebraska Mate Journal
Dig the cna first and pick a quarrel after
ward if w must hate a quarrel about it
Hut before we have th canal there isnt any
thing rry tangible o fight over
3IIiilfttfr tnnuvr
rrora the Philadelphia Times
Ft en nowr nobody fi willing to fell wht rYnjt r
f coming home It Is said to t of hi own
motion tl the diplomatic rnbi is a
inemt extraordinary occasion fur him to leate
bin post to look after his pr irate business
THREE TREATIES EXTENDED
AscrreiiiciitK ouceriilnir Comnierolnl
Convention vvlth Unirlnnel Miriied
Supplemental conventions for the ex
tension of the commercial agreements be
tween the United States and Great Britain
were signed at theStaic Department es
terdny morning by Secretary Hay nnd
Lord PaunccfoO the British Ambassador
These agreements prov ide for reciprocal
tariff arrangements between this country
nnd British possessions in the West In
dies and Central America There are four
of the agreements and the time limit of
three of them would have explreel trnlay
If the supplemental conventions had not
been signed yesterday-
The treaty affecting Barbadoes does not
expire until June and will not be ex
tended until that time The three treaties
in question were extended for one ear
from March 16 This will give the Senate
time to consider them at its next session
The treaties extended are for British
Guiana Jamaica and Turks Island Car
cos and the Leeward Islands
THE ORDERS FOR MOURNING
Otllcinl Recognition of the Dentil of
KxIresildent Harrison
Pursuant to the proclamation Issued by
the President announcing the death of
ex President Harrison the State War
and Navy Departments took official ac
tion esterday directing certnln marks of
respect to the memory of the deceased
ex President
Secretary Hay sent the following cir
cular letter to all diplomatic and con
sular officers abroad
Department of State
Washington D C March It 1S01
Gentlemen Your attention Is invited
to the Presidents proclamation of this
date announcing the ileath of ex President
Benjamin Harrison and directing a proper
expression in honor of his trrcniorj
You will cause the fl ig of our respec
tive ofllces to be dlsplatd at half staff
on the reception of this circular and for a
period of thirty dajs thereafter
I am our obedient servant
JOHN HAY
The War Department Issued an order
reciting the Presidents proclamation and
directing that on the day of the funeral
nt each military post tho national flag
will be dlsplaed at half staff and the
troops and cadets will be paraded and this
order read to them At elawn of day thir
teen guns will be firitl and afterwards at
Intervals of thirty minutes between the
rising and setting of the sun and at the
closo of the day a salute of fort -live
guns
The usual badge of mourning will be
worn by officers of the army for a period
of thirty das and the colors of the sev
eral regiments the Artillery Corps United
States Corps of Cadets and of the en
gineer battalions will be placed in mourn
ing for the same period
The order Issued by Secretary Long was
as follows
In pursuance of the Presidents In
structions it Is hereby directed that on
March 17 the day of the fuiunl of ox
Iresldent Harrison where this order mav
be received In time othervae on the day
after its receipt thb ensign of each rival
station anel on board each vessel of the
United States Navy In tommsslon bo
hoisted at half mast and that a gun
lie fired at half hour intervals frm sun
rise to sunset av each naval sti tion and
on bo ml flag ships and vessels aiting
singly
for the period of das the of
ficers of the Navy and Marine Corps w 111
wear the badge of mourning attached
to the sword hilt
This order will b read to the officers
and crews of all men-of-war nnd receiv
ing ships who shall be assembled on the
quarter decks of their respective vessels
for that purpose
THE POPULATION OF GERMANY
A Grent Increase fur the nniplre
the Centurj
The Census Offlco has recently received
through the courtesy of the State De
partment a consular report on the popu
lation of the German Empire anil Its
changes during the past The
population Is now about 56000000 larger
than that of any other country in Eu
rope except Russia which has In Europe
alone oer lOGOOOuuU or nearly twice as
many as Germany
About a century ago In 17J the whole
German Empire had a population of
about and at the close of the
Napoleonic wars in IMS German though
somewhat reduced In size had a popula
tion of something more than 30000000 In
1SI5 since which elate
the area has re
mained almost unchanged had
21000000 in 1SC5 -0 000000 in 1SS3 47 000
000 and jn luO about 55rolcoo an In
crease during ther century of about 30-
Since 1871 when the medern German
Empire was organized the population of
Ucrman lias Incrpaseil about 35 per int
n ten nth extremely rapiil for an old coun
try and for one scnuinjr out large and
steady Htreums of emigrants The Ger
mans feel a natural pride In the raiild
growth of their population compared
that of their rval across the Rhine In
lSto Prance had about 2aO0W inhabi
tants and Germany 300O0W
ovv Fran e
has about 3S0 inooo or onlj tvvo thirds
the number in Germany
THE GROWTH OF VIENNA
OnI Two Vnicrleaii Clile Kici rd k
In rcipiilallon
The provisional results of the census
of Vienna taken Dccemlxr 31 llOO have
just bien announced and according to a
report from the Consul General at Vienna
show a population of 5GJ7 or nearlj
BOOO less than there wre In Chicago
when the recent census of that clt was
tali These figures show Vienna to rank
next after London Paris and Berlin
among the European capitals while in
this country on Nvv York and Chicago
are larger During the past ten jears
Vienna has Increased a 3 ptr cent cr
sllghtlj faster than the average for the
whole rnited States Few large titles In
this countr show a larger rate Of the
two American cities larger than Vienni
Ore iter New York increased In ten vears
37 8 per cent and Chicago i 4 per cent
In common with most lar cities the
populitlon residing In the central dis
tricts of Vienna Is slov 1 decreasing and
the most rapid growth Is on the outsorts
of the tit
TO BURY CHICAGO WIRES
Four orimrnHonx riilfe Con
sfrin t n Ciitlul
CHICAGO March 17 An experiment Is
to be made within a few week illl i
Is believed will result in the- abandonment
of overhead wires throughout the city
The down town district is free from them
now
Four corporatlems of the clt of Chica
go the Western Union and Postal Tele
graph Companies the Chicago Telephone
Company and the Chicago Edison Ceim
pany have decided to build i combina
tion conduit The city will own It but
the four corporAtions will have espial
rights in its use anel the conduit will ita
built in Archer Avenue from Nineteenth
f tnet bouthevesu for half a mile The
iwles now in that section can- lw wires
The conduit is totbeithree feet square
Ah soon as the eost of the experiment Is
learned an ordinance will bo introduced
to put all wlrts under ground In ever
section of Chicago where there Is an
danger from overhead wires
Fiicts III the- IlillliiiiIneN
From the Hartford Tunis
rthen Mr MfhliiM pmcee da io aert Cleat IJie
treater rurt of tlie inlulntalits if the Mlij pines
welcome Vnicrlcan sovereign lie slmpl puts 111
wrd aealnst lliat f ItWal ifaeirtliur and eery
other unliaiil ami truthful rlierrer of rendi
tions in the rlilllppiue rl ln he deelarrs
the problem in the lhlliipinm tn be the protcr
tlm of lota million against illaloval thoiL jndj
who are in nljellion against the t nlted Mates
lie tlios ilnrtiard for all the faets e the situa
tion
The Citnt of Slnrcnren
tlrom the ouurille Courier Journal
As an instance of thf rrowth of expense at
Washington a nx cial report to the House on the
subject of cmIoes and their salaries In that
body shows that exclusive of members clerks
the etrleers and emplojes of the House number
357 at an SKgresatc annual eompenutiun of
MOoooo Tills is at the rate of about one emploje
for each member at V rP cost ot 1100
The sinecures need WMiiing out
SECRETARY LONGS DECISION
He Settle the QuFstlon of Promo
tion of Nnvnl Ofllcrra
Secretary Long has decided the
questions raised in regnrd to the
advancement and promotion of naval jf
flcers for war services without referring
them to the Attorney General He holds
that an officer advanced in his grade for
war services does not become an extra
number In that grade but on being pro
moted In due course and regular order ho
becomes an extra number In the next
higher grade and continues as an extra
number in all grades to which he may be
promoted
The specific decision of the Secretary is
that Rear Admiral HIgglnson having
been advanced for war services and then
promoted In due course becomes an ex
tra number on the list of rear admirals
Being made an extra number a vacancy
is created in the list of rear admirals to
which Captain Sheperd the senior cap
tain will be promoted
Next to Capt Sheperd Is Captain Wildes
who was advanced five numbers for ser
vices with Dewey in Manila Bay With
Sheperds promotion he becomes the se
nior captain
The Secretary holds that as Wildes does
not become an extra number until pro
moted he is not carrieel to the grade of
Rear Admiral with Sheperd but must
wuit for such promotion In natural or
der ihen he Is promoted however he
becomes an extra number nnd thus cre
ates a vacancy to which the next captain
will be promoted
In other words the Secretary decides
that the olTtccr tearing a regular num
ber does not carry with him to the next
higher grade the officer directly behind
him bearing an extra number but that
the extra number carries up- the regular
number immediately behind
THE EQUIPMENT OF CAVALRY
GenernI IlrooUfM Orilcm Colccrnlnc
Ilct ruitH at Fort JIjcv
The following orders have been Issued
by General Brooke who commands the
Department of the East regarding the
organization of the Eleventh Cavalry at
Iort Mer Vn
Pursuant to instructions from the
Headquarters of the Army the immediate
organization and equipment of the First
Squadron Eleventh Cavalry at Fort
M er Va Is hereby ordered The officers
on duly at the post will be utilized for
this purpose so far ns may be practicable
and If additional officers are at any time
required prompt report will be made to
headquarters The post commander
at the earliest moment practicable- Initi
ate a suitable course of Instruction for
the recruits forming the squadron In
cluding Instruction in lighting position
and aiming drill gillery practice an fire
discipline as prescribed in the firing regu
lations for small arms
It is particularly directed that to the
fullest extent the facilities at the post
will admit the recruits be afforded oppor
tunity with other troops at Fort iljer
for target practice
The post commander will report by
telegraph to thee headquarters early
each Friday morning the progress of or
ganization and instruction including the
names of officers on duty with the
squadron and the number of enlisted men
therein
When the First Squadron Eleventh
Cavalry has its full complement of en
listed men the fact will be promptly re
ported bj telegraphto these headquarters
so that orders ma be given for similar
organization of the Second Squadron De
sirable applicants at Fort Mjer for the
white cavalr ervlce will as a matter
of course be enlisted by the post recruit
ing olhcer for the Eleventh Cavalrj so
long as there are vacancies therein
OUR LEGATION GUARD AT PEKIN
Instructions ieiit to eencrnl Clinffee
Itegrnrilliisr Km Iliiulinient
The following cablegram was sent to
General Chaffee esterday at Ptkln by
Adjutant General Corbln
In reply to our telegram the Secre
tary of War directs ou to complete ar
rangements to sail for Manila with our
command and staff officers by the end of
April leaving as legation guard an Infan
try company composed of 1D0 men hav
ing at least one ear to serve or those
intending to re enlist with a full comple
ment of officers medical officer sufficient
hospital corps men and if ou think
best ii field ofheer especially qualified to
command the guard
Instruct the officer of the quartermas
ters department to proceed to erect nec
essar buildings for the guard according
to the plan and estimates oj approve
Col Charles F Humphrey on his arrival
will make an lnsptLtlon of quartern ts
ters department Philippine Islands un
til July I when he will be assigned to
duty as chief quartermaster at Manila
nnd Miller ordered to the United States
All stored supplies not requlreel for
legation guard are to be disnosesl of In
our best judgment Of course serviceable
supplies needed In the Philippine Islands
will be sent to Manila The Division of
the Philippines will furnish supplies for
the legation guard MacArthur has been
notified
PRAISED FOR GALLANTRY
Colonel Mt iiile Itee oinntenileil for
Iroineitloit i the IloiirtI on Avvnrds
The Navy Department csterday after
noon made public the following from the
Board on Awards
The Board on Awards having recelveel
from the commandant of the Marine
Corps under date of March 15 1901 n
letter recommending a revvarel to Col
Robert L Meade United States Marine
Corps for his skill and courage in the
assault on Tientsin July 13 1900 hue
further considered the case and respect
fully report that In the judgment of the
boarel this officer should be brevettel
brigadier general of the United States
Marine Corps for distinguished conduct In
the presence of the crern at the battle
of Tientsin Jul 13 1900
The Bonrd on Awards respectfully rec
ommend that Emory Inshlp lieutenant
Junior grade United State Navy be ad
vanced four numbers taking rank rext
after Frank Lvon lieutenant Junior
grade- United States Nav for eminent
and conspicuous conduct In battle at
Malabon I I March 4 1899 while In
charge of the Balanga tender elf the
U S S Bennington
A CHANGE IN THE SYSTEM
III-
Iilllpplile Order erv let-
Independent
C M Cotterman director of posts at
Manila has cabled the Postoillte Depart
ment tliat the Philippine Commission h ts
miele the Philippine mono oreler service
Independent of the Department
The effect of this change Is to limit rad
lt ill the use of money orders from Ma
nila There are at present 3000 money
order peistotllees In the Unites States to
which under the old sstem soldiers
eould transmit funds by money orders
As an independent vrvlee the Philippine
department ion Issue orders only to In
tern itliinal mone order offices in the
United States about 20u0 in number
A NEW YORK CENTENARIAN
Iiilm Iiilihrrt ele lintteN Ills One
lliimlre il nnd etonil Ilrtlidit
S KAOUSC N Y March 15 -John
Tubbert celebrated the leal annlversar
of his birth in this clt today Mr Tub
bert who Is one of the oldest if not the
oldest m in In New York State Is in ex-
llt lit health and his mind is as clear
ns that of a man of slxt
He was born In Ireland on March 15
1799 and inme to this country in 183 and
since 1IC6 has lived in Sraetibe He his
used tobacco for eighty ears hut never
Indulged In liquor Ills wife died about
ten enrs ago
Mr Tubbert Is the father of Policeman
Jumes Tubbert and William Tubbert well
known In Svratuse
JlnnirM 1111 Cnlin
rTom the InillarupoTIs Tress
VfrP John Kendrli k Hang has 1 ern in Cuba and
returns to sat that the people of that Island are
enthusiast le In their liking for tie United States
and are eager to tecome citizens ol this countr
i1iosc who notice a slight diM repancy between
the statemeits of vtr Hangs ami the words of
prominent Cubans villi War 111 mind tint the
autlor of The House Uoat on the btx is a
Kcutleinjn of very fertile Imagination
BRADSTREETS ON THE WEEK
Little Chniisre Vofeil In Ihe General
Trnde oifuntlnn
NEW YOrtK March 1S
tomorrow will say
The general situation is without Im
portant change the events of the week
appearing to accentuate heretofore pre
vailing conditions Distributive trade nnd
speculation In securities continue large In
volume with prices rising In the more
favored Industries or dropping In those
suncring irom depression
Iron nnd cotton goods Industries are
pre eminent and those two seem like cp
poslte poles so marked Is the tllfference
in trade feeling and conditions In most
other Industries the reports are quite
favorable notable In this direction Lting
the lumber leather and hardware and
Implements trades
Western and Southern distributive
trade reports are quite favorable and the
reports of active demands for dry goods
nnd clothing at the West contrast Bhtrply
with the reports of dull business nnd the
receding prices of print cloths bleached
cottons and other fabrics at first hands
Itallway returns continue highly favor
able continuing reports heretofore pub
lished of activity in general shipping and
reports of a shortage of cars a strange
one at this time of jear come from Chi
cago and other large centres Clearings
are of heavy volume and In this as In
nearly all other measures of trade Im
provement present recortls surpass all
previously recorded for this season of the
3 ear
Conditions In the domestic Iron and
steel demand recall the boom of 1S93 and
It becomes more and more evident that
an enormous consumptive demand dis
couraged by the high prices of a jear
ago is now coming freely Into the mar J
ket In no other way can the present
enormous output within a few thousand
tons of the maximum in pig Iron be ex
plained Prices rise as furnace stocks
fall and there are some who fear an
other runaway market- Foreign reports
are as blue as domestic reports are bright
but it is worth noting that an enormous
order for pipes is reported captured by
Americans despite strenuous efforts by
foreigners
Cottton goods are dull and droopy at
first hands partly because of the steady
decline in raw cotton l 8c on spot for
the week and 21 8c from the highest
price reached on the Dresent boom but
still 1 1 Ic on the low price of 1S0O and 3c
above the low price of 1509 previous to
that ears rise Print cloths are l 8c off
for the week and 5 Sc off from a jear ago
and talk of curtailment grows louder
Low prices are however stimulating ex
port enquiry and some business is being
done for China
Gross railway returns for the month
of February aggregated J32812363 on 101
roads a gain of 7 6 per cent over a year
ago comparing with a gain In Jan jar
of 81 per cent and a gain In reuiuary
1900 over 1809 of 19 5 per cent
The Southernw estern roads show the
largest gains 22 per cent followed by tho
Southern roads with an Increase of 108
per cent The other roads report more
moderate gains but all American groups
show Increases
Bank clearings for the week aggregate
2105217139 a decrease of 9 per cent from
last week but a gain of 31 per cent over
this week a car ago Outside of Xew
York the decrease Is 10 per cent from last
week but there Is a gain of 21 per cent
over a ear ago
Musiness failures ror tne wee numoer
217 ns against 208 last week 190 in this
week a ear ago 205 In 1S99 233 in 1S9S
and 231 in 1S97
DUNS REVIEW OF TRADE
Actlvlt In Steel a Lendlnir Tenlnre
of the Wecl
NEW YORK March 15 Duns review
tomorrow will say
Improving wheat crop reports a pig
Iron production seldom exceeded strong
cash prices for all iron and steel products
that can be delivered heavy grain ex
ports at good prices activity In minor In
dustries and a money market that
poscsno hardship upon business comprise
the bright side of tne picture of the week
Threatening labor troubles seem more
remote The textile markets long back
ward have again failed to respond to
the general confidence in commercial cir
cles A slight recover- In cotton was not
held and the goods market showed a de
cline
That the is doing a heavy busi
ness appears from railroad earnings for
the ilrst week in March 14 1 per cent in
excess of last e ir and 25 6 per cent over
1899 as well as from bank exchanges The
latter for New York this week are 411
ter cent In excess of 1900
Steel mills are still much behind their
orders and contracts for Bessemer pig
for July deliver Indicate that the ac
tivity is not considered temporary Yet
the wide difference In quotation between
Immediate and distant dates suggests
some fear that present high prices can
not be maintained While the various
pools and associations
are extreme con
servative about advancing nominal list
prices actual business continues to be
transacted at premiums
which
vary ac
cording to the urgency of purchasers
Structural inaterial is still a feature
and the rapid development of newly dis
covered oil helds Is creating an unusual
chhlty r Pate3 Plpes an 1rtf a
Boot and shoe shops are well occupied
Eastern factories having their ful capac
it engaged In some cases up to Septem
ber 1 ard even the less fortunate makers
have contracts for some months Leather
lctUe uLn stalned especlally
for hemlock
sole but production of glazed
kll01ippf irs to hc tertaken demand
Might Improvements In special lines
of textiles are occasionally noticed but
prices are maintained with difflcultv
Prltit cloths were reduced another eighth
without accelerating operations and Fall
River mills are nren irtni tn -1
- --
ductlon
Aside from the little better reorder
business In light weights
reports are not
of an encouraging nature from the woolen
mills 1 urther declines are reported In
wool making a material fall since the
month opened
After the long continued season of sag
ging prices for cotton the market seem
ed ready for a reaction and Mr Neels
clreular was Issued nt what seemed to be
a propitious moment But It fell flat in
this country anil the trifling response at
Liverpool was brief
Heavy gains in railroad earnlniro n
the governing factor In stocks and thic
week protected the market well under
boar attacks coupled with foreign sales
Investment buvlng has so greatl reduced
lloitlng supplies of railroad stocks thnt
it Is often difficult to execute biilng
orders
1 he bond market Is running short of
material and Issues newly admitted to In
vestment lists of sn ilngs banks have al
most disappeared from current offerings
Less shifting of loans was attempteel by
the binks this week for disturbing sn
dlcite operations were over and lie ivy
mid month dividend pnments vesterday
were effecteel without trouble These pay
ments were over jOOuOWO The money
market was stendy
Kailures for the week were 203 in the
United States against 19S last week and
3J In Canada against 23 last ear
Ili pew nnd t
Irom the Pluladrli hia Ledger
Senator Depew should reread the Constitution
of the United state That suireme authnnt
makes it the dut of the l rrsitlent to appoint
officers of the I nlted Mates w lueli term of
course Includes VsMant sMrearie of War bj
anil with the aihicc and eon eut of the Senate
miantnz tlicreh apparently the whole of that
liesly and not mere the Senators fro 11 ew
York
llie Miiirnirnn Cnnnl
From the St Iouis Olobe Hemocrvt
Undoubtedly Inglamls reported desire to reach
ome adjustment with the I mted Mates on the
uarafrna Canal question is Mneere Tills is
4 matter which will hale tu be Kt ttlcd some time
nd the earlier it is done the better the people
of tmtli countries will be pleased K lsriee nu
jorlt of Americans are determined that the canal
thall not be Uelaed much longer on any prctevt
Ineleirnnt Hut Correct
From the Seattle Times
Ttiat old whelp that runs Turkey having lus
headquarters at Constantinople is altogether too
shrewd for Vankres He ilroTe Uncle spins war
vcfeel off under a promi e to pav 10OOti0 In
demnity money in c onuei tion with the payment
for a eruUer to he built bv the Cramts of Philadelphia-
and now the old rei robatc repudiates the
whole fchoollmx maidi
r
rr vsvmrgqrwz
LATE LEGAL DECISIONS
A person charged with the duty of lett
ing corporation stock In order to raise a
fund with which to pay encumbrances
upon the property of the corporation anj
who is himself the owner of ne of tha
encumbrances Junior In time to the
others and acquired by him before he
lecame obligated to sell the stock is
held by the Supreme Court of Kansas In
the cas of Harrison vs Mulvane 63 Pac
Rep 713 not to be a trustee as to the
property of the corporation cov creel by
the encumbrances and forbidden to pro
tect his own Interests tn It by buying the
prior Hens on It merely because he was
under obligation to sell the corporation
stock to raise a fund to discharge the cor
poration Indebtedness
A writing clearly proved to be genuine
nnd about which there is no dispute In
the evidence may be used as a basis for
comparison of handwritings and to show
that a certain other writing with which
I is compared Is not genuine holds the
Supreme Court of Kansas in the case of
State s Stegman C3 Pa Rep 7
Where a member of a fraternal insur
ance society was suspended for non-payment
of assessments the Court of Ap
peals of Colorado In the case of Brun
vs Supreme Council American Legion of
Honor C3 Pac Rep 7M held that a
tender of the amount required for rein
statement together with a physicians
certificate that the member was In good
health would not entitle the member to
reinstatement if unaccepted by the so
ciety and not shown to be a full compli
ance with its by laws and regulations re
specting reinstatement In this case the
court remarked that If they could see
their way clear thev would send it back
and permit It to be tried by Jury and In
a criticism of insurance companies gen
erally the court said They are
always eager to accept premiums and do
business but nre not alwajs equally
prompt to settle claims
A contract by a city for the lighting of
its streets for a period of ten jears Is
not Invalid as for an unreasonable time
holds the Supreme Court of Mississippi
in the case of ReM va Trowbridge 29 So
Rep 1ST
Under a statute making the certificate
of the registration of a brand on cattle
competent evidence of registration of
such brand and prima facie evidence of
ownership the Supreme Court of Arizo
na in the case of Brill vs Christy 63
Pac Rep 757 holds that such certificate
is not competent evielence for the purpose
of showing that the title to the cattle Is
in the party In whose name the brand Is
recorded
A conviction for burglary anil petit
larceny was set aside by the Supreme
Court of Mississippi in the case of
kerson vs State 29 So Rep 170 be
cause the bailiff in charge of the jury
during their deliberates at the request
of one of the Jurors told them that the
difference between larceny and burglary
was that the former would send the pris
oner to the penitentiary and the latter to
the county farm The court said that un
der the statute it was made a contempt
of court for an officer to converse with a
Juror after the Jjry has retired except
by order of the court upon any subject
and that when the communication was
on a material matter the verdict should
not be permitted to stand
A person who hires a bus from a livery
stable and directs and controls the driver
is held by the Supreme Court of New
York appellate term in the case of Reed
vs Metropolitan Street Railway Company
68 N Y Supp 29 to be HaWe ror the
negligence of the driver In this case the
bus as owned and operated by the pro
prietress of a school for children for tak
ing the children to and from their homes
and the school The horse and driver
were procured by her from a Hvery
stable keeper she paing a certain
amount a month for their use In cross
ing the tracks of a street railway com
pany the bus collided with a car and In
jured the plaintiff the proprietress of the
school The court held that the driver
of the bus was the servant of the plaintiff
and that his negligence was Imputable to
her The fact time the driver was la
the general employ of the liv ery stablo
keeper and was b him paid said the
court did not in law affect the plaintiff s
relation to him when he was driving tho
bus At that time he not only represented
her but was under her control She di
rected him where to go It was her wori
that he was doing and had he refused to
do it in the manner she directed she
could have discharged him He was her
servant and she was his master
here an Incompetent person applies
for a discharge of the commttee of hit
property and a motion is made by tha
opponents of the application to compel a
phslcal examination Judge Fitzgerald
of the New York Supreme Court In ro
New comb 68 N Y Supp 118 holds that
such examination will not be allowed
whtn the phslcians selected are per
sonally distasteful to the applicant by
reason of their having committed them
selves to the diagnosis that the appli
cant was suffering from an incurable
mental disease The court said that
w here one is seeking to establish his pres
ent sanitj the court should proceed with
great care to the enel that he be not sub
jected to any harassing or oppressive
conditions calculated to cause him undua
excitement
A suit against the estate of tho late
Augustln Daly in which it was sought to
hold the estate on a contract made by
Daly was recently decided by the Su
preme Court of New York Appellate
Division in re Dalys estate CS N Y
Supp 5S By the terms of the contract
Daly gave the exclusive right to one
Moffatt to furnish the programmes of his
theatre for a number of ears On the
death of Daly it was contended that his
executors were bound by the contract but
the court held that the contract was
based upon the continued management of
the theatre by Daly and that his death
rendered performance Impossible anil
therefore terminated the contract-
Where two street railway companies
contract to give transiiortation ana carry
passengers of each other over their re
spective roads the City Court of New
York in the case of Jacobs vs Third Ave
nue Railway Company CS N Y Sup
623 holtls that a person pa Ing his fare
and receiving a transfer from one road
is a passenger on the other and hence
can recover damages from the road to
which he is transferred for being ejected
from Its cars and being arrested lmme
eliatel thereafter
A husband permitted the body of his
deceased wife to be burled in the ceme
ter lot of his sister-in-law Subsequent
ly he had the remains taken up and re
moved to another place of burial The
sister-in-law began an action of trespass
to recover elumages for the alleged tres
pass on her private lot In the cemeterv
and the removal of the body of her sis
ter She received Judgment In the lower
court which was sustained on appeal by
the Supreme Court Maine The court
held Ilrst thnt it was the duty of the
husband to provide a suitable place for
the burial of the body of his deceased
wife and that he hud a paramount right
to determine where the place of her
burial should be second that the hus
band having consented to the burial of
his wife In the lot of his
had no right without hoe- permission ti
enter on the lot nnd remove the boil
third thnt a dead body after burial be
comes a part of the ground to which it
bus been committed and an action or
trespass may be maintained by the own
er of the lot against one who disturbs
the grave ami removes the body so long
at leiist as the cemetery continues to be
used as a place of bunul Pulslfer s
Douglas 43 Atl Rep US
Where n person enters a store through
an open door nnd conceals himself until
the store Is closed when he takes goods
and leaves by opening one of the doors
the Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas
In the case of Smith vs State CO S W
Rep WiS holds that he Is not guilty of
burglary because in order to constitute
burglary the entry must be consum
mated by some device or stratagem which
would amount to fraud in obtaining such

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