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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, March 21, 1901, Image 4

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Times
THURSDAY MARCH 31 1911
PuMtaitioii UJTIce
TIM HirrCIIIICsS
PUVsSllVAMA Aiout
Subscription by Mull One
MORMMI Kv EN1NO AtMJMJlY SHOO
MOR1IMUNDinDlT
lTtNO 1D SUNDAI lio
tCMUl 0M J00
Monthly by Carrier
JIOhmno Ev emvo and Smjniiav 7 Vf e e nt
IIOIIMM AND i rJMlAY Hill ftf jlM CCIlt
EVEMNO ANDfeUNDAY T7lirttfJlrC CCIliS
Irciilatlon statement
The circulation of The Times for the
Tolal
7all average Sundav 23303 excepted
seek
ended March 16 lsH was ax follows
t unda March 10 33 303
Mondaj March II
Tucsdav March 12 S-
Wedncsda March 13
Thursdav March II
rridav March 15 JJ2S
Saturday March 10 898s
141310
33C71
Political Corruption I llnrj Ininl
The nrrest of a Mar land census enu
merator on a charge of falsflng the
enumeration In two counties of that State
by the Insertion of the names of dead
persons penes to remind the general
liublie of the countrv that ManlJnd lias
not been in mature in its present effort
to bring nbout a reform In Its organiza
tion for political purposes ffc ire not
prepared to assume tint the alleged ille
gitimate work of the Republican enumer
ator unilei arrest was performed in com
pliance with orders from an part au
thoritv It is a fact however tliat Marv
land Is not the onlj State in which in cer
tain districts the enumeration haH sus
plciousl favored the Republicans In op
position to the general accepted statis
tics of the localities
We arc glad to see a disposition on the
part of the Superintendent of the Census
to secure punishment for those guilt of
the crime of falsification it is a ver
proper spirit to show especiallv as such
tendencies in public officers are calcu
lated to diminish the hope of Republican
success in the future whenever thej are
made manifest Perhaps it maj be said
that offences of this Kind In the particu
lar case of our nelghliorlng Common
wealth are negligible when compared
with the greater e 11 of negro coloniza
tion at election time Kveryliody with
the least Knowledge of the relations long
existing between the ignorant negro pop
ulation of Washington and the Repub
lican ote in Mar land must appreciate
the truth that very large numbers of our
colored brethren who arc deprived of the
franchise In the District of Columbia are
rcgularl accorded the privilege of voting
over the line wheneer Republican mi
Joritles arc needed The same patriots
are sjytematlcilly takn on occasion Into
West Virginia and voted there What
officer or officers of the General Govern
ment nay be responsible for these sound
business methods it might be difficult to
say The facts are patent enough and
have been for ears
The legislature of Marx land Is doing a
great And good work in attempting to
eliminate the factor of illlteracj from its
suFrage Hardships ma accrue to a few
worth jeeople in consequence but the
importation of ignorant negro repeaters
at every flection Ume will lie discouraged
Normall FjicaKlng Mar land Is as like
ly to go Republican as South Carolina
would be It is onl necessary to secure
an honest vole to place and keep the
State in the political column wherein It
belongs
The CitilMtltutloit lu the Territories
On liondaj last The Times published
a statement of the views of Representa
tive Gaines of Tennessee on the question
of the authority of the Constitution in
unorganized Territories of the Unlte d
States The subject Is interesting and
particularly now since It is expected
that within two weeks the Supreme Court
of the United States will decide whether
this Is a Government of limited powers
tinder the Constitution as well lu Alaska
as In Alabama and oqiulh in Hawaii as
in Ohio
In air Gaines citations and argument
h showed that the undeviatlng practice
oi the Government had been to consider
the Constitution as governing law and
administration In and in relation to new
territorial acquisitions w lthout an ques
tion whatever Thus under the treat
with Russia In lfr ceding Alaska to the
Lmlisj states as soon as that conven
tion was ratified Hugh McCiilloch then
Secretary of the Tre isury ordered that
goods from Alaska should be free in
American portf following the depart
mental rule and law promulgated by tlie
Administration of President Polk ax to
our California territorv and upheld by
the Supreme Court in the case of Croi s
against Harrison reported In the six
teenth volume of Howard
Later In IS the Hon William II Sew
then Secretar of State added to
the Alaskan record by stating ver cons
elusive some of the reasons whv this
countr ought to hang Its head in shame
at the surrender to Great Hritaln of the
Porcupine district In a letter written
on Janitar 30 1M3 to General Schofield
Pecretarv of t ar at th time Mr Sew
ard said
by the mzUi article of our treaty with ltu
a of lb- Io7 the cu m f tlc territory
and domain tberaln made U declared to be free
and unencumbered by any reservatHius privilegea
franchise grants or poeMfen by an as
sociated csicpanies whether corporate or incor
porate ItUMian or any other or by any parties
citein inerei pnraic incuvifimu ltropertv Ituicl
txa
Article 5 of the treat tMtwcen frreat Itritabi
and liussia of reliruarv 28 I25 S Heiuleta
Treaties SeW which v an revived and continued
by tlte seventeenth article at the treat lstween
the ume Posers of Januarv 12 tl 10 II llslet
1068 privides that no eUblH4uncnt sliall I
f irmcd hy either of the tv o jairtieie within tb
limits aMismed be the two preceding articles to
the p sm ssbom of the other concssauently Urituii
rubjc ts shap nut form an establishment within
the limits of the liuaaaaa pussesalons Tin attn le
tiferred to rtattoisi Use iWviivlary lines be
tween the Hntfstt astd lissiau pciwtsmioiss em the
ifcortbwesl coast of Vmeria the nmt adtftd in
c ir in ate of c etMum with IttMHUl
TJie uroviBiema above cited ar rotiviu ive
ramst the ribt at the iludsoo 1J Conipjn
to establish or KtsutUi auch an essUblishnient
ie I ort aulcon U eteaeribist to be lu the eswimuiu
ca ion of Mr 1 VI s Qith jr
What would the patriotic elements of
our citizenship not give today f th
rould feel sure that the prevent admin
istration of the State Department were
iu hands as strong to maintain the tights
of the American peope against foreign
afgreFlon as were those of William H
Scward7 Jlo was oco of the old cham
pions of ojr Constltt tloit nd simple
democratic institutions Ills kind have
nearly disappeared Almost the last of
the tie died when Benjamin Harrison
Oleel Sir Seward emphasized the un
Qutstlouable doctrine that the Constitu
tion tliu creator extends wherever the
Government its creature finds a foot
hold In another part of the officlil let
ter above quoted from lie said
I understand the decision of the sum emc
Court of the I nited state in the rase of Har
rison vs Cruss lit Howard IV4 2o3 to declare
its opinion that tiixin the adlition tu the tmtcl
states of new tcrritor In conquest and cession
the acts regulating foreien commerce attach to
and taVp effect within mill territory ipso facto
and without an fresh actsof legislation express
ly icivinr well extension to the pre cxistiiur law
I can see no r -ion for discrimination in tin
respect lietwecn acts regulahmr foreign commerce
ami the laws rirubiliuir inlicour with the
Indian tribes There is inieed a strong analogy
in tlie two subject
The Indians if not foreigners are not citi
zens and their lriles have the character of de
pendent tiatiotis under the protection of this
Loverunicnt V t iuef Justice Marsliall remark
delivering the opinion of the Supreme Ceiurt in
Weree ster vs The state of Georgia C Peters
557 the treaties anil laws of the Initcd states
cortcmplatc the Iiilian Terrltorx a completely
separated from that of tlie ano proviuc
that all intercourse with them iJiall be carried
on cxcliKivelv by the tovernment of the l nion
Ttie same clause of the Constitution invests Con
urcsa wuh Njwer to regulite commerce with
forinm nation and vlth the Indian
tribes
Tlie net of June TO lslt tl tat 729 de
fies the Indian csiuntrv as in fact all tliat part
of the I nited states west of the Mississippi and
not within the states of Missouri and boutsuni or
the Territory of tkanas Tills he a happy
elasticity of expression widening as our domain
widens includes the territorv ceded hy Itussia
That act roe ides that no person shall trade with
am of the Indians en the Indian country with
out a license that any person other tlian an In
dian who shall attempt lo reside in the Indian
country as a trailer or to introduce goods or to
trade therein without said license slull forfeit
all merchandise offered for sale to the Indians
or found in his iiossrssion and sliall moreover
forfeit the Mini of VX that no license to trade
with the Indians sliall Ik granted to an person
except citizens of the I nited Mate tliat a for
eipnei going into the In lean country without a
passport from the War IW siarttnent the Suicrin
tendent or igent of Indian V flairs or the officer
commanding the nearest military post on tile
frontiers shxll be liable to a fine of 10
finally that the superintendent of Indian vflairs
and Indian agent or sub igcnU shall hive au
thority to reams e from the Indian countrv all
iHTsons found therein contrary to law and the
lre ident is authorized to direct the militar
force to be tinploved in kucIi removal
Observe the first paragraph of the
above Xew territorv whether acquired
by conquest or cession immediately
comes under the provisions and prohi
bitions of the Constitution of the United
States How different is the new and
sadl strange imperial construction placed
upon our li isic law bj tlie men who
rule us for the benefit of the trusts and
monopolies
A Ilternr nplelcmle
It Is time to warn the public against a
literarv eruption which is liable to break
out before long and which has already
appeared in isolated cases It ma be
thit no quarantine or vaccination will be
of an usf against It but ihere can be no
Inrra n t gentle hint as to Its nature and
Influence The success of David Hnrum
and Eben Holden means thit we are to
be made sick unto death of the rural
novel hi reapon of the numerous Imita
tions of these worthies who are to bo
foiced upon our attention
A big success by an unknown or little
known author is almost as demoralizing
a the w lining of a live thousand dolltr
prize in a hitter and we all Know what
that did to the family of McTeague The
result Is that even publisher in the land
who has not gotten hold of a novel of the
same tpe is on the keen lookout for one
particularly this is so of the smaller
publishing houses and ever author who
has not vet made a big success but wants
to make one starts about writing In a
hurrv a more or less atrocious Imitation
of the book which lias made Its success
particulatiy hls is so of authors without
much brains The result is an amount of
bad literature which Is simply overpower
ing And that Is what Is gointrto happen
within the next ear or two
When du JIaurier wrote Trill every
sccond ratc bohemlan who had or thought
he had some knowledge of the purlieus
of the Iitlil Quarter set about retail
ing his decadent wisdom to whatever
publisher would accept it When Thomas
Nelson Page had written ilarse Chan
and Joel Chandler Harris had brought out
the first Lncle Remus books every
needy Southerner with any literary lean
ings whatever resuscitated his or her de
funct knowledge of the das before the
war and paraded the poor ghost in the
magazines Riles Hoosler lrics brought
In their train a quantity of doggerel
which was bad dialect and worse senti
ment Tlie success of When Knight
hood Was iu riowcr and To Have and
to Hold made it possible for numerous
hack writers to get their medieval tales
nnd Colonial liction accepted b some
hopefnl publisher or other And so It lias
gone As the original novel passes from
the hands of th exclusive bookseller to
those of tlie clerk in the eleparttnent
store thence to the bargain counter of
that same store and thence to the fate of
being given away with a pound of soap
so the fashion which it set passes from
the skillful hand of the master to the
tpewriter of the hack writer and thence
downward till it Is represented b a
book which ought to lie given aw i with
a pound of soap because the map might
do it some good This Is Ilkel to be the
case with tho monstrosities which are
sLPIiosed to be Imitations of David
ilarum Two or three of them hive al
ready come out and after reading them
one feels like taking a Turkish btth The
are saturated with bad tobacco the smell
of bid whisk and the arom i of the
great unwashed to put It milil The
atmosphere Is tliat of the cross roads
store at mail lime and the local color Is
dirt color Whatever
gentility Is sup
posed to be In work Is redolent of hair
oil and patchouli and
the pe ople sup
posed to be refined talk after the fash
ion of works on polite conversation
Thre ought to be a codicil put to the
various manual on the requisite knowl
edge for oung authors which have b en
written at one time or another and that
is never to urile without having some
thing to And pcKlbI Jy the Ume
the epidemic of Imitation David Hnr
ums Is fairl under way we maty fssel
like addlnsrthht codicil to the Mtnny
Trotn all novels not written In or
thodox Kna lixh good Iird deliver unV
i nlus iiiui Vliiilness
faomeliody lias noted a curious pecu
urt in the music of Wagnor and as it
is to be noted more or less In the works
of man other men of genius musicians
and otherwise it in worth considering
from a ps etiological point of view 6ne
or two of the most ambitious works of
litis master are very nearly meaningless
even lo the music lover and for the mu
sician of the old school they have neither
significance nor continuity They sound
as If he were trlng to expnes the inex
pressible attain tlie unattainable and
translate Into the terms of music some
thing which the were not Intended to
make plain
As a matter of fact It is likely that
tliat Is preclel what lie wns trlng to
do The same thing Ins been attempted
In uth r lines of art by other ecnlascs
THE TIMES WASHINGTON THURSDAY MARCH 21 10J
nil It Is usually from n worldly point of
view disastrous Hut tlie reason of tlie
disaster lias seldom been understood
It is of course evident that there must
be ideas bevond the present scope of hu
man thought Imt not necessaril be
vond the seope of the thought of future
generations Suppose somebod had sug
gested the iilei of spherical trigonometr
to our arboreal ancestors how would the
suggestion liave been made in a form
in it thev could understand What mean
ing have the terms of electrical science
to a Iiji Islander Therefore It Is ob
vious tbat there are notions which wi
cannot comprehend at present but which
may be apprehended b the grentest
minds and tliat these thinkers and
artists max strive to translate them into
terms of the arts and fail It would
have strained the language of the Fijian
considerabl to attempt to explain the
telephone to his friends even if he un
derstood it himself
Tlie curious feature of this Is to the
average mind that the attempts of the
genius to make his highest thoughts
comprehensible sound so much like
arrant nonsense This ma be due to one
of two things The idea which he Is tr
ing to conve mav be too strange and
complex for the public to understand or
for him to conve in the terms now in
common use He Is reduced to using
terms which arc inadequate It ma be
on the other hand tliat his genius
though great is not quite great enough
lo express his thought even as well as it
can be expressed In th terms of tlie
present The English language is flexi
ble enough for most tilings et the de
scriptive poet unused to discuss philos
oph might easily find that his fariit
of writing deserted him if he attempted
to express thoughts requiring philosophi
cal diction No man can work easilv with
tools to which he Is not accustomed and
the phrases and conventions and rules of
an art or science are mental tools
There is hardly one among the great
geniuses of the nineteenth century at
least who has not at some time in ills
life usually during the latter half of it
written or wrought something which he
believed to be good work but about
which the critics disagreed The extent
to which lie has made himself ridiculous
or simpl incomprehensible depends
somewhat on the amount of self-consciousness
he ins about him and some
what on his common sense Some of
Tennysons later poems are In this class
of literature and a great many of
Some men express their highest
thoughts onl in conversation and not in
the terms of their trade at all and some
cannot talk but can write Of these two
classes Alcott and Hawthorne of the
Concord group of Iltterati were the ex
tremes Alcott made fame for himself
b his conversations but when he tried
to write his thoughts became common
place Hawthornes conversation was
very much like the snakes in Ireland
One might express the paradoxical fact
that genius Is sometimes apparently not
genius at all b the statement that souls
are alwas to some extent untranslatable
and that a mans facility of expression
does not extend as a rule to all his fac
ulties that is he cannot translate the
greatness of his soul equally well In all
languages
Ohio politics as we are told formed
the subject of a long conference at the
White House esterday The situation In
the Ruckee State is not altogether satis
factory to the Administration Within
the Republican party Foraker is not loved
to the same extent that the pure and
spotless Hanna is adored Tom L John
son the probable coming Democratic
leader is feared and there are several
fat places Just become vacant which of
course should go to equally good Ohio
men General Harrisons death leaves a
vacanc in our representation in the Ar
bitration Tribunal of The Hague Tho
death of the Hon Mark Brewer creates
a vacancy in the Civil Service Commis
sion Other plums are ripe and must be
picked for the Administrations home
market So doubt there was much oc
casion for the conclave
As a prudent person we commend Mr
Rockhill Executive Commissioner to
China to the admiration of mankind His
cable bills must be something to create
alarm but a little thing like that does
not prevent 1dm from keeping the wlrea
hot with demands for specific instruc
tions Mr Rockhill undoubtedl knows
that tl e castomao procedure is to fur
nish an American representative with
credentials which will read both was
and then to hold him responsible for
whatever goes wrong reserving to the
Administration an credit that ma come
from his successes But Rockhill is not
to be bottled that i What he does he
evidentl means to do under orders the
Issuance and receipt of hlch he can
prove This leads us to the opinion that
Rockhill Is not b any means u st pid
person
Advices from the anthracite coal region
of Pennslvanla appear to justlf the fear
that leaders of tlie miners are still dls
lKiscd to Insist upon a strike notwith
standing the hopelessness of the threat
ened struggle It Is still hoped however
that the disaster ma be prevented Ijj the
Inlluence of tin-
local business commun t
One thing is sure If tlie strike is ordered
tlie strikers will be without much outside
smpath Such movements are neither
inortlly nor sociall Justin ble except for
some grave cause which does not appear
to exist in the present circumstances
Inacmuch as events of a serious nature
are momentarll liable to develop in
China it Is impossible to dlsciss the sit
uation intelligently with ar view of de
lei mining what ma happen tomorrow
One bit of news which reached us last
evening is certainly ominous of trouble
We nfer to tlie report tint both Russian
and Japanese squadrons were being
rushed to Mnsampo Korea That would
in lo portend nothing short of war
I be- Ic iimIiiii Service
Iroiii the llaitiniore bun
II President Mchinle ipermitj ton inlssioneis
Ivatm to Ik forced out of olttcc b the pensirn
grabbers his zeal f r eeonotii in government
and hU professions of interest in the public wel
fare will Im open Pi grave siisph ion s lietween
the people and the pension agents the Ire knl
should lave no dfniciill in Id thonW
IVn Will IllspiUe It
From the llaitiniore Kui
Ituels liave their uses but there is one serious
flaw in the code and tbat is- the wrons man
i some times shot This seems to liave Leen tne
trouble in the latest 1 renth duel
IllcUerliii Over the Spoils
From ILe Philadelphia Times
Having come to a dcidlnck in the negotiations
with the Chinese tlie assembled forces of civiliza
tion are now biting their thumbs at one another
if tlie do not come to immediate hostilities it
Is at least apiurent that lie Concert is dissolved
and the further pretence of harmonious action
will hardlv be uialutjiaed
THE SITUATION IN OHIO
rtltckcve Contrressiiieii Discuss Poll
tics With President
Senator Hanna Representative
venor and Representative Dick were in
consultation wlAt ne President for more
than tvo hours isterda The political
sltuition In Ohio was canvnssesl thor
oughl and planV laid for the coming
State and legislative campaigns It Is
understood thar nll tho State officers are
to be renominated according to Senator
Hannas slate with the exception of
Lieutenant Governor Caldwell He Is at
torne for the State Liquor De alers As
sociation and in consequence the temper
ance interests are ami ed against him
lliey caused him to run nbout 23IX be
hind his ticket at the last State election
The Republicans realize that if Tom L
Johnson Is elected ma or of Cleveland
next month he will very probably be the
Democratic candidate for Governor next
fall A lively campaign Is therefore an
ticipated and the leaders have deemed it
advisihle to have their plans well laid
earl In the season
Another reason for the early conference
upon this matter was the fact that Sen
ator Hanna will shortly go awa for the
summer and it has been thought best to
have the matter settled before the Pres
ident goes upon his W cstcrn trip
Senator Poraker was present during a
portion of the conference Although the
Hanna and Foraker ranks are still divid
ed it was stated after the conference that
the State convention would undoubtedl
endorse Foraker for re election
Matters pertaining to civil and army ap
pointments were also discussed b the
Ohio Congressmen as was the Presidents
proposed trans continental Journey The
Ohio Congressional delegation will follow
the President in a special train to the
coast to witness the launching of the bat
tleship Ohio General Grosvenor left for
New York last night to make final ar
rangements for the trip and upon his re
turn the Itinerary will he announced
THE WAR FUND BALANCE
It Will He Returned to the Trensnrj
J ll lie io
The Comptroller of the Treasury has
decided that the unexpended balance on
June 30 next of the MnoOOon tmergenc
war appropriation made by Congress im
mediately before the Sptnish war must
be carried back into tlie Treasur with
out regard to any outstanding obligations
on account of that fund This will have
the effect of depriving War Department
contractors of nearly flftAW in pa ment
for ordnance and ordnance stores until
Congress makes a special appropriation
to meet their claims
PEOP BROWNS ANSWER
I lie Director of tin- Nnul leal Al
ninnnc lleplles to Clinrges
Secretar Lone has received the an
swer of Prof S J Brown L S X Di
rector of the Nautical Almanac to the
charges filed ragalnst him by Capt
Charles H Davis Superintendent of the
Naval Observatory Prof Brown makes
a general denial of the charges Secre
tar Long will determine whether there
Is sufficient evidence to grant Captain
Davis recommendatlonthat Prof Brown
be court martialed
A GUNNER SEEKS PROMOTION
Joseiih mil Sirslliu on the
innnt VInles pllciitloii
Joseph Hill a gunner on the receiving
ship Vermont has made application to
the of tlie Navy for examina
tion for promotion to ensign under tlie
provisions of the law advocated by Sec
retar Zajng and which goes Into effect
on July l He was appointed gunner
March 23 1S35 ancT has served six ears
There -re thlrt five in
gunners the serv
ice who are eligible by reason of service
but the niajont of them are over the age
limit of thirt five years Gunner Mor
gan has made no format application to
the Navy Department He is more than
thirty live ears of age
THE NEWARK ORDERED HOME
Captain HcCnllnn IIiiknIiIp lliidly In
Need of Itepalrs
Secretary Long esterday telegraphed
orders to Rear Admiral Remey at Ma
nila to send home the cruiser Newark
the flagship of Capt B H McCalla
tlie Junior squadron commander on thee
Asiatic Station Recent telegraphic re
ports from Admiral Remey have shown
that the Newark is badly In need of re
pairs and It was deemed udvisabie to
have her come to Mare Island Cal
or Bremerton WaBh to be overhauled
She will probably come direct from Hong
kong where she now is to San Fran
cisco
The Instructions in regard to the New
ark will necessitate a change in the or
ders to Captain McCalla sent this week
to come to the United States by passen
ger sttnmer and to take command of the
battleship Kearsarge He will return on
the Newark and Capt J H Da ton
who was ordered to proceed to the Asiat
ic Station to relieve him will take charge
of tlie Newark on li r arrival at San
i rancisco
TO UNVEIL THE LOGAN STATUE
President Kxpeete il
tu
Preside tit the nxeretses
Arrangements are being rn ide for the
unveiling next month of the Logan sta
tic Col F L Gucnther of the Artlller
Corps In command at Fort Monroe Va
has been designated as grand marshal of
the parade The militar display will not
lie large ow Ing to the fact th it soldiers
being sent to the Philippines leave the
m ijority of those stationed about Wash
ington raw recruits
Tlie pageant will however include a
battery of nrtiller the Marine Corps
tlte District of Columbia National Guard
tnd the Grand Arm of the Republic It
is expected that President McKlnb v will
preside at the exercises Senator Depevv
will deliver the principal address
REFUSES TO SELL HER LAND
Itt moviil of Port Itosiil sitxiil stntlon
t 4usetiiitill v Dclnscil
The work of rtmovltig the Port Roal
S naval station to Chariest n is be
ing delaveil by teaon of the refusal of
Mrs I ivvton one of the owners of prop
e rt Included In the projiosed site to ac
cept the price offered lis the Government
I he hoinl which made the nrommenda
tlons for the removal igreed th it Jiw per
acre was sufficient remuneration for the
1 ind but the owner thinks otherwise
Several officers of the navy were re
centl sent to Charleston to mike a sec
ond inspection of the propert but re
ported that tlie Iind was wortli no more
thin was nriginnll offi red The Mate
and the city have both ceded their por
tion of the land and It onlv remains
necessurv to acquire tliat owned b Mrs
liwton In ease she jieislsls In a refusal
to accept the terms offered tlie Govern
mt nt cm resort to condemnation proceed
ings lint it is thought tliat this will not
be required and that a transfer of the
proiiertv can soon be accomplished in the
aegular manner
dolf scent Diplomat
From tlie Cliicjxo CkruniUe i
When the associate lirilish Minister at Wash
ington Nsretar of state line jismitrd his
son Consul at Pretoria the nepotic oiricial ejied
at Ixiiidon for completer initnicti me Tlie bov
had attendisl a drphmmtK klnder irtcn tnre
while his sire was in resnler e as assistint of
the llritisli foyernment in vnitruaii offjira Tu
lad has raehed New Vorlt oil leave of -
from his post it a time when an Vmcriian repre
sentative should he at Pretoria Nlim he reach
ed tape Town the Hriti i suhjeeta irave their all
an enthusiastic receptions Nothing coul 1 be
more natural more lojical or mora contlusire
A NOVEL BALLOT SYSTEM
The Otitis M lf nn -v i cirrnte Pruv Incc
nieet n Preslileiife
Secretar Root has received from the
Taft Commission an interesting account
of the manner In which the natives of one
of tlie Ygorrote provinces recently con
ducted an election for presldentc The
commission has found that in some of
the plncess the governments established
have of necesslt to be of the most primi
tive and simple character while In other
provinces they are more elaborate and
advanced In form The commission has
betn obliged to use a great deal of dis
cretion In the matter
In one of the remote provinces where
the members of the commission were cor
dlall received bj the natives the ques
tion arose as to how the election of a
presidente should be conducted Tho na
tives were not sufficiently educated to
vote by ballot In place of the nominat
ing convention and the political machine
of later da American methods the com
mission hit upon a happy plan
After making their Intentions as plain
as possible the Americans found that
there were two men who wanted to be
presidente Each had his followers and
partisans although the onl questions in
volved were personal rather than politi
cal Tho natives were gathered together
in the plaza and one candidate was placed
at one end of the public seiuare -while his
rival was stationed at the other extreme
Then the word was given that the fol
lowers of the candidates should rail
around their choice There was a grand
rush In both directions
Then in order to determine the result
it was only necessary for the members of
the commission to count the number of
natives who swarmed about each cindi
due He who had the larger following
was declared elected and that apparent
ly met with the complete satisfaction of
all Thus the first public election In that
prov ince passed off qulctl nnd in fact
more peaceably thai in many American
townships
A CHEERLESS WINTER IN CHINA
General CIinfTvc Ilcseribes Conditions
In n Letter tit n Friend
AUSTIN Tex March 20 Captain Or
say of this city who was for many years
connecteel with the adjutant generals de
partment of Texas today received a let
ter from Gen A R Chaffee with whom
he formerly served in the Regular Army
The letter is dated at Pekln China Feb
ruary I and says In part
1 dont know how long we are to re
main In Pekln The Ministers get on
with their negotiations very slowly We
army people have nothing to do but await
results between Ministers and Chinese
plenipotentiaries The Chinese have a
reputation for being slow but I think
eight or ten Ministers with varing
thoughts and wishes to be harmonized in
to one are If an thing slower than the
Chinese officials or Chinese methods of
business
Tlie winter has been very changing
cold but not distressingly so sunny days
very little snow and during last month
ver little wind Windy daS are to be
dreaded because of the horrible dust sent
whirling everywhere laden with ever
poison induced b filth The surface of
the ground is a receptacle for all filth
pits are not used Scavengers remove
scrapings to some extent which are used
for fertilization of the soil Nothing is
wasted in China The are the most
economical people in the world I think
All work few beggars In a population so
dense and poor that at first stht one
would think half must beg or steal to
live I have four troops of the Sixth Cav
alry here No officer or man with them
now tliat was on roll in our da thirty
five ears ago all gone long ago
WORK ON THE DES MOINES
The Stern Peist of tlie exv Cruiser
Placed in Position
QUINCY Mass March 33 The stern
post of the United States cruiser Des
Moines building at the ards of the Tore
River Ship and Engine Conpany lias
been placed in position The casting Is
of manganese bronze and weighs 12000
pounds The casting for the stem weigh
ing 10b00 pounds of the same material
was finished on the drilling machlre to
day and will be placed in position to
morrow
Tho Des Moines Is plated halfwa up
and the doors for her water tight com
partments have been finished
WANT CROWE AS A WITNESS
I he Ciulllhs Kiiliiiiiinliiir Cnsr Con
tinued on Ilefeiulinits Ilen
OMAHA Neb March 3 The famous
Cudahy kidnapping trial was again post
poned today until April 1 James Calla
han made the basis of the motion for a
postponement the absence of Pat Crowe
declaring that he needed him to prove his
Innocence The Judge asked the attornes
for the alleged kidnapper if they serious
1 believed they could produce Pat Crowe
even If the trial was continued
The assured the court solemnly that
they hid reason to believe Pat would
show up nlmost an d iv The court con
tinued tho case
Tlie attornevs for Callahan refused to
expl tin w h thev expect Pat to show up
but It Is an open secret that the are In
communication with Pat The attornevs
for the State claim that on the da Cilia J
nan reiaineo nis i iwyers one or the firm
deposited Uu in a local bank ull In 30
gold pieces This was the denomination
ot the tnone placed In tha sack left for
the kidnappers and the detectives sa
this was uidoubtesli a part of the money
received for tlie ransom
One of tlie names of a member of the
law firm defending the kidnapper has
been endorsed b the count attorney on
the back of the complaint as a State wit
ness The count attorne boldl sas ho
proposed to place this lawer on the stand
and make him tell where he got that gold
The attorne al ead volunteers the In
formation that he reeeived the money on
another deal through a local trust com
pin unci can provo It he sas
Ihe case is assuming decldedl Interest
ing proportions
V local newspaper man went to Chicago
a week ago to confer with Steve Crowe
a brother of Pat with reference to se
curing details as to when Pat would show
up
THE SAWLOG CASE DROPPED
Vlleliigllll Illliiliernie n Vo
to Irens
1 belr vppcnl
TORONTO Ont March Jj The Michi
gan lumber men have decided not to press
in appeal in tlie noted export siwlog
case and the matter will not be taken be
lore the English Priv Council as was
expected
The reason given for this decision Is
that the price of lumber In the United
States has so ulvanccd thit it is possible
for the Mlehlgiii men to manufacture the
logs Into lumber in Canad i and sell it a
profit the finished product across the line
even after pa ing un Import duty on Its
entering American territory
The litigation commc need b tlie Michi
gan lumber men w is instituted for the
purpose of offsetting the right of tho
Ontario Legislature to compel m lniifac
tttre of lumber on Crown I inds within the
bound ities of Ont irio Justice Street de
cided agnlrst their claims and on appeal
to the Court of Appeals was dismissed
vlth costs The judge agrted that the
covernne nt has done nothing to directly
lestriet tlie freedom of commerce
Whv West Pointers Ill It
l rom the Indianapolis Newn
Later vnldi e adlcsl to thit adluccsl hv the
West Point iiiv ti -tin committee goes to show
that the reason t ime tailets failed in their studies
was that the hid to siend the greater part of
their time in Ihe hospital
HAS FAITH IN AMERICA
A Cnlinn Delegate Makes n Plen for
tlir Ilntt Inif mlment
HAVANA March 30 During a conver
sation between a conservative delegate
and one of the most radical delegates to
the convention the former tried to con
vince the latter that the Piatt amend
ment was reall a benefit and should be
accepted b the Cubans He said he saw
proof of good faith on the part of the
Americans In the resolution which gave
the Cub ins all Internal control nnd would
enable them to keep their Individuality
He had hitherto distrusted the good
faith of the Americans but in the Piatt
amendment with the exception of the
clause claiming the Isle of Pines he saw
evidence of their good faith The con
vention however should try to have the
clause regarding the Intervention of the
United States to preserve law nnd order
clearly explained In the sense that the
United States must not Intervene In a
trumped up cause The United States
had coveted Cuba for a hundred years
and in an unguarded hour had promised
the Island Its independence
Cubans should remember the reason
wh the United States coveted Cuba
These were principally for their own de
fence with an ce on an Isthmian canal
The United States In the Piatt amend
ment had harmonized their aspirations
of a century with the virtual independ
ence of Cuba Perhaps he added the
next Congress might demand more than
the last
General Roloff who for many ears was
in the Cuban army has been appointed
treasurer of the Island his term begin
ning on April 1 He will give a bond of
KlOOOO
Gualberto Gomez will present his own
report on the Piatt amendment tomorrow
He sas that this report will be adopted
by the committee which will then present
it to the convention He does not know
what the convention will do with it He
will report that the convention cannot
accept the Piatt amendment and will ad
vise that the United States refer the mat
ter to the future government of the isl
and
EXAMINATIONS AT ANNAPOLIS
All Lilprecedciiteil Number of Appli
cants for Caelefshliis
The Navy Department has sent notifi
cations to 17G Representatives In Congress
informing them that they are each enti
tled to name a candidate for cadetshlp at
the United States Naval Academ The
examinations for principals and alter
nates will he held at Annapolis May 15
Never before in the historv of the insti
tution has the country been entitled to
scch a representation In the Junior class
of cadets and each jear hereafter the
number of vacancies will be materlally
larger than In the past on account of a
law adopted last June making vacancies
at the end of the four year instead of the
six year course The result will be to in
crease the annual graduation and tend to
diminish the larger number of places in
the grade of ensign which otherwise
could not possibl be Allied at the rate
cadets were former graduated There
is not n State and several of the Territo
ries not without a vacancy at Annapolis
this ear and if members and delegates
adopt the suggestions of the Navj De
partment the will make nominations
only after competitive examination or
candidates Ihe best material Is believed
to be secured through this process of se
lection rather than by appointing a boy
vvithout consideration as to his qualifica
tions for meeting the academic require
ments or his general aptitude for a naval
life
No candidates for the Academ can be
appointed under the law until after March
5 each year when members of Congress
are notified of anv vacancy lu their re
spective districts with requests that
nominations be made in time for the can
didate to take the entrance examination
In May The experience of the depart
ment shows thtt man members have
failed to make apimlntments in time and
until Mr Herbert entered office the Sec
retary of the Navy was empowered to till
vacancies in districts by selecting bos
from an section of the countr and as
signing them to districts unrepresented
The old lavv was changed and now no
boy except tlie Presidents at iarge se
lections can enter Annapolis ttnles he is
an actual resident of the Congressional
district to which he Is accredited If the
usual percentage of failures Is maintained
at the May examinations a number of
vacancies will still remain which mem
bers of Congress ma fill for another ex
amination in September Two vacancies
for the President hav e been Idled and no
others will exist for another ear
Cadets In the class graduating two
veirs ago will receive their commissions
as ensigns this ear dating from Janu
ary 3s last Instead of July 1 as usual
it having been held that the two ears
cruise ends with the day ot graduation
at Annapolis There are two vacancies
or more for ever one of these graduates
all of whom will be examined on the sta
tions where- the serve instead of being
ordered back to the Academ The needs
of the serylce demand that these oung
men be retained at sea and that their
duties should not be interrupted h de
taching them and having the cxa iln ition
at home
Ohio has the lending man this ear In
Herbert G sptrrow who Is pursuing an
advanced course abroad for the Construc
tion Corps Kentuck has the second man
in Gil A Blsset and Minnesota brings
up the rear with William McEntee Three
of the 01 iss will become constructors
one t mirine officer and the rest
I ointeil ensigns
There are lift -two
class
members In tlte
NEW YORK THANKS CARNEGIE
A Telegram From Vlnvor Villi Wxck
W uitinu llim lu KuKlnutl
NEW YOLK Mtrch 3U Jin or Van
Wxck sent the following telegram to n
drew Carnegie toda so thit it would
reach him upon his arrival in England
New York March 13
Andrew Carnegie Steamship St
Louis Southampton England
The people of the CItv of New York
heartil thank ou for our noble of
fer to give 50ii0 for the establish
ment of free circulating ULrarles in
their citv The extend to ou their
nest wisnes wicn i rcil appreciation
of the magnitude of our gift to them
and tlie splendid generosity tliat
prompted it
ROBERT VANWYCK
Ma or
Owing to the legil difficulties still In the
wav the nnvor could not accept the
gift Work on the enabling act which
Corporation Counsel Whiten is prepiring
is about done Mr halen the comptrol
ler and George I Rives were In confer
ence over it tcdav It will probablv go to
lbaii on tnda and Its provisions be
in tile public from there
President Miles O Brien of the board of
education forvvtireltd letters to the in ivor
eon ptroller corporition counsel and Mr
Rives tod offering sites for libraries on
school propert I le also suggested a
number of school buildings which be
thought could lie so altered as to be used
iu part for librirles Tlie park board has
also sug trrsted tint some of the small
parks be use it as sites None of the com
mittee In charge of the enabling act
would discusH those propositions because
tluv suit it was a waste of time until
the citv knew vvhit it would be enabled to
do legall
YevVMiiiper lav lilts
l rom the Itoston dvertlser
There is we have ever found in the ranLs
of new paper men a loalt of service that is a
source of pride to the profession as it well may
be It 14 a trait that often demands sacrifices
that causes a uan to hold lightly health or time
and mone so long as duty is done In no bode
of men in an pursuit or profession do we And
it stronirer It has ever in our exnerienee
rivaled tlie devutlon found in the anuj or the 2
navy
0BITUARY
John Pondlr nt one time one of the
best knrrwn traders In Wall Street died
of pneumonia at his residence U West
Seventieth Street New York shortly be
fore 3 oclock Tuesday morning Mr
Pondlr was 111 only five daj s Prev lous tu
his last illness he had been able to go
down town nearly every day although
he was nearly eighty one years old tin
would have celebrated his eighty first
birthday next month Mr Pondlr was
born in Germany and came to the United
States when a boy He found employ
ment in Philadelphia was more than
ordlnarllv successful and In IMS married
Miss Ashford the daughter of a Philadel
phia business man of some prominence-
A year after his marriage Mr Pondlr
concluded to try his fortune in Callfornl i
where the discovery of gold had Just
been made The joung German accumu
lated a considerable fortune on the Slope
and returned to the East settling In New
York He went Into Wall Street and It
was not long before he came to be re
garded as one of the big men of tha
street v
From a short time after he returned
from California until 1OT Mr Pondlr was
rated as being worth much more than a
million His specialties in those days
were the stocks of tho Panama Railroad
and ot the Pacific Mall Steamship Com
pany ot which latter company Trenor
W Park was the president Park was
also heavily Interested In the Panama
Railroad and Pondir was his broker
In the spring of 1ST3 Mr Pondlr was
executing the last of his commissions
Panama dropped from 130 to 80 and Pa
cific Mall fell off to per cent- Pondlr call
ed upon Park to liquidate and the latter
failed earning Pondlr down In the
wreck It was said at the time that Mr
Pondlr lost nearly JlO0OoO lie was
known however as a man of sterling
honesty and of great nerve Remember
ing these traits his creditors gave him
time and he settled all claims for thir
face value and Interest
Then he begun all over and in two years
he was on hLs Tt t ntmln Tn th psieiv
eighties he lost JHH0U0 through a trusted
emploe anil that was the beginning of
the end of his financial career HI luck
followed him after that and he has not
been active In the street for nearly ten
jears Besides a widow Mr Pondlr is
survived by two daughters both of whom
are unmarried
Col Edward A Palfrey of New Or
leans died Tuesday night in Hammond
La aged seventy one years He was a
native of New Orleans appointed to West
Point he graduated in ISM and served
for six years with CoL Albert Sdney
Johnson In the West engaging In several
Indian wars He left the army to accept
a position in the Citizens Bank of New
Orleans hut reeTied to mlItary service
at the outbreak of the Civil War as a cap
tain in the Washington Artillery He
rose to the rank of lieutenant nnd was
assistant adjutant general of the Confed
erate States under General Cooper at
Richmond
Ilion his return to civil life he became
president ot the Factors and Traders In
surance Compan of New Orleans He
has lived In retirement at Hammond for
eevcral years being an invalid
Dr W illlam F Channlng a master of
many sciences died at a Boston hospital
on Tuesday aged eight -one ears He
was the son of Dr William E- Channlng
and was born on Mount Vernon Street
He received his education In the Boston
public schools and at Harvard where he
was graduated In the class with Dr Ed
ward Everett Hale Subsequently he
studied medicine in Philadelphia and re
ceived a doctors degree from the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania although he
never practiced medicine He continued
hLs studies abroad and traveled extensive
ly finally settling In Providence whero
he resided many ear3
Sixteen ears ago he went to Pasa
dena Cal on account of his
Six months ago Dr Channlng
returned to Boston and was taker ill
on Februarys with a severe cold which
resulted In pneumonia
He was the Inventor ot a fire alarm
telegraph a marine railway and a score
of appliances for nse In medical elec
tricity He wrote the first books ever
published on medical electricity and spent
much time experimenting along this line
The hand recelver for the telephone now
in general use was his Invention the Bell
people having purchased it from him
During the abolition movement Dr Chan
nlng was a leader among the agitators
He is survived b four children
Alfred Pell who retired from active
business several ears ago died at his
residence 13 East Thirty fifth Street
New- York esterday morning of apo
plexy He was in his slxt -seventh year
Mr Pell was still a director of the Com
mercial Union Tire Insurance Company
He was a member of the Scientific Alli
ance the American Institute of Natural
History and the Century Club lie leaved
u widow and one daughter
Patrick Haggerty an assistant city
pa master of Brooklyn died Tuesday
night at his home 53 South Elliott Place
in his fortieth vear He was a brother of
ex Register Henr F Haggerty and was
active in Eleventh ward Democratic poli
tics He served for a few years as depu
ty fire marshal Ktr was i iiicmoer of the
Knights of Columbus
Amos A King Clerk of Supplies In the
Department of Public Buildings In tha
borough of Brook n died esterday at 731
Halsey Street in his sixty seventh vear
He was a Mason and a veteran fireman
Aaron G Perham a wholesale coal
merchant died on Tuesday of heart fail
ure following an attack of acute Indi
gestion at his home 1371 Dean Street
Brookin lie wois a charter member of
the Union League Club of that borough
and was chairman of the house con
tee- for the imst two ears He was a
Twent -third Regiment veteran He was
an earnest Republican He leaves a
widow one son and two daughters
A SOUTH CAROLINA DIVORCE
V Iccliirc cl olcl Despite
tlie stnte laxvs
COLUMBIA S C March 30 In the
Court of Common Pleas for Spartanburg
the marriage contract of Charles Dear-
man and Ida Padgett h is been declared
null ind void despite Jthe fact that tho
Legislature has repeatedly refused to
legalize divorces for any cause
The proceedings were brought to pre
vent botli man and woman being prose
cuted for bignni Both subsequent to
their marriage were married to other In
dividuals The woman did not appear in
the case Deannan decl ired that he had
married Ida 1ulgett when under the in
fluence of liquor and was not In a condi
tion to make a binding contract
MRS HALLS CLAIM
Institutes n lliliiiuue Suit Iu Connec
tion With tlie iliiwiu Will
PRIDGEPORT Conn March 30 Mrs
Helen III ikelv Hall housekeeper for Mil
lionaire George I Gllman who his
claimed to be heir to his entire estates
since his eleuth at Black Rock Mar h 3
partially disclosed the basis of her claim
toda when a suit for JtOOm damages was
Instituted against the Ilrst National
Rank of this citv for its alleged refusal
to make pa ment to her ort an assignmeat
of 10000 from Oilman
Mrs Halls connection with the caso
has formed its mysterious feature Slnco
she failed to put iu an appearance at
the hearing upon the application for tha
appointment of administrators the
strength of her caso was considerably
weakened in the ees of the public
The action instituted today Is taken
here as a confirmation of earlier reports
that she holds legal documents that will
form the basis of her claim It is ex
pected that she will proceed without loss
of time to retain her hold upon the Oil
man mansion at Black Rock In order to
block the Intention of the administrators
to oust her from control
f
Ti

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