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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, March 31, 1901, Image 8

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Jlindai March 5
Tutsslav March IB
Wcdneslsv March ST
Thursday Vlairli B
1rtdai Jim
caturdii VUrih SI
ail acrace Ouniav StVQlT
aVuMlcaHcn 0cf
Subscription by Mail One Year
EvcM a axd biiMiir -to
Monthly by Currier i
Morning rVEMM Avotuvuu Fifty cent
MonNiNO tuCN DAT Tlitrtii ilrr ceit
f n ulallnn statement
Tin- rurulatinn of The Timc for the veeek
ended Mjixl J 1W1 was s follow
t tiiuUi March S4
an 31
39 ia
SI 191
u Certnaii lnH rftTf ncr
The central tone or the official Ger
man press appears to leae no room fot
furthet doubl that Germany will acqui
esce in Russias absorption or Jlan
churla That fact being as roo1 as
n ttleil it is altogether probable that the
Musso Chinesc Conventional bs feigned
tomorrow 01 Tucrdnv as already prc
licted Then it will remain to be seen
what if any action Japan may take
It is certain that jesterday the Ger
man and other Foreign Ofllccs were dis
turbed ocr the possibility of Japan go
ing to war As fai as we can judge
such a calamitj would not necessarily
draw nnv of them Into the light Hut It
would demoralize the situation In China
and for the time being put out of ques
tion an effective oommon settlement
with the Chinese Government Get many
professes to be especially anxious to
get the indenmitN matter out of the
way without dclav It is a question
which might as well be brought to its
inevitable crisis China is unlikely to
be able to show capacll for paing
what will be demanded of her and then
we presume that other dreaded ques
tion of real estate security will come up
for discussion Great Britain and Ger
man almost surelj have an under
standing on this subject and that we
should saj would mean that the gen
eral carving cannot be long delajed
unless the ceremony should be unavoid
ahl postponed b war between two of
the late allies The ensuing week it
s to be expected will give us a good
deal more light on the prospe ts for
peace or war thin we are In possession
of at present
Frlctlona HrlnttoiifcM itli ernciriielii
Our Minister to Venezuela has been
oidered home and it is said that the
Venezuelan Minister at Washington vill
shortly return to his own country Dip
lomatic relations uny not be formally
severed but the ariogant little South
American State which dares to assert
Itself asaint alleged aggressions by a
rich American trust must be made to
feel the weight of imperial displeasure
Thederaitureof our Mr Loom is from
Caracas will not produce any heavy
shower of tears In that capital where
we are sorr to heirt lie Is tegaidid as j
a representative of the Asphalt Trust
interest rather than of the United Stales
Government The untutored inhabi
tants of Venezuela hae not jet ab
sorbed the new American gospel vvhieh
teaches that the trulls and the Wash
ington Administration are interchange
able terms but they will find it out
before we are done with them
There is ground for the fear that this
country is not adding to its dignltj or
prestige in the minds of right thinking
Ieoplc here and abroad in the trucu
lent attitude it has assumed toward a
weak State rendeicd weaker at present
by a domestic Insurrection On the fae
of the facts as they hav e beeri presented
in the American press it would be dtlli
cult to find the smallest excuse for our
interference in Venezuela in behalf of
the Asphalt Trust and against a smaller
American rival concern The claims
advanced by the former do not Impress
one greatlj as being founded upon law
or Justice It Is evident that thej
teemed all sufficient to the Administra
tion to warrant it in threatening Ven
ezuela with invasion and war if the
were not bellied agreeablv to the wishes
of the trust Xow diplomatic Inter
course Is being arranged on a basis of
recognized unfriendliness The only
question is What next
Diet nnd Ocetiputloii
Dr Wvlie of the Agricultural Derart
jnent has advocated the theory that a
inanfc food affects his character and
qualifications to a very considerable de
gree and that at some time in the fu
ture men may be fed with the distinct
purpose of making them Inventors or
artists or laborers Juu as today cer
tain foods are prescribed for race
horses fanc breeds of chickens and
other special sorts of animals
This idea Is not exactly new It has
often been said that a man becomes
what he eats and the theory of ro
mance v liters has alvvavs been that
persons who are ethereal delicate and
idealistic live on fruits and stimulants
while the gross feeder Is a man of low
desires and no thoughts The fact that
in real life one often finds a delicate
young girl eating enough to support
three men while the robust man break
fasts modestly on oatmeal a chop and
an egg fails to upset the llterarj tiadl
It may be however that by proper
diet any kind of a man may be devel
oped to order This is the most original
scheme since Tammas Haggurt con
ceived the Idea of gathering all poets
Into a home where they should be kept
on allowance and made to woik for
their board and clothes and not al
lowed to go wandering about to tav
erns and other places where they ought
not lo be The question Is whether It
could be carried out and If It could
what would be the effect on the com
In the first place somebody would
have to decide how many of each kind
of man would be needed and who
should be put In each class In a rude
Kind of a vi ay this has already been
done The aristocrat of other dajs con
sidered himself insulted if he had o
partake of peasant fare and the
peasant sometimes liked his own black
bread and cabbage soup better than the
dainties of the rich The Idea seemed
to be that each to be himself should
eat the kind of food best suited to him
Hut bow In any artificial way could It
lie decided who should be fed on the
kind of food for poets and who should
be made into stevedores and barbers
Expedients of all kinds have been
tried to make people Into a curtain mold
Irrespective of thelrown individual ef
forts Tathers hive educated their sons
in the fond hope that they would bo
lawjers and the jouths have promptlv
become business men and vice versa
There is an old story of a joung man
who fell In love with a cat and had her
changed into a princess so that he could
marry her All went well till the bride
saw a mouse when forsaking her new
state she made a wild dive after It It
does not make much difference what
transmogrifications a person has un
dergone If he Is made to catch mice le
will want to play mouse trap to the end
of his daj s A person might be fed for
curs on viands calculated to create In
him noble thoughts delicate perceptions
and skU and ease in expression but
if he happened to be made for hod car-
j Ning ho will get hold of a hod sooner
or latei
More ChrlKtlnn Science
A believer In Christian Science writes
to The Times to enter a gentle protest
against the error of taking a small and
erratic publication known as The
Christian lecently referred to in these
columns as a representative Journal of
Christian Science Hesajs
This paper and tins editor are in nn wai con
nected with the stately Movements or Christian
Science or its theological doctrines
This may be but how is one to know
Personally we do not think tint Mrs
Hddj and her followers arc so closely
connected with the stalely movements
of divine law as they claim to be cither
But the editor of this little paper has
just as good a light to claim that he
is doing greater things than Christ did
as Mrs Eddy Ins to assert that her
mind Is strong enough to heal broken
bones by absent treatment Moreover
hnw is the acctcdited representative of
Chrisfan Science in journalism to b3
discovered Thorc is one called the
Washington News Letter and pub
lished in this city which Is consid
erably more pretentious than The
Christian and may be connecteil with
the stately movements of Christian
Seence At anv rate it claims to be
the organ of a considerable body of
believers The editor and publisher of
it is the president of a thing crllcd the
International Metaphjsical University
and in the current number of the paper
there is reprinted an address f his re
cently delivered In this city Here is
one paragraph
I awoke from irr sleep in the night last
night and heard a luise it was a bird In liU
esge lie D1 on lu back lacking a thtHizh
he was pasiting out I irate the lira the thouzhl
lliat there na but one life and that he hid all
strengt i because he lived in that lite ani it
wa not lcn before the bird turned ever and
tut down
The question which will aiise In Hie
mind of the ordinary person is how the
bird sat down being constructed as a
bird what he sat on and all about it
It may be lhat the lecturers command
of English was not as strong as his
faith One Is moved to wonder In a
pensive and philosophical way whether
he ever tiled that experiment with a
turtle and whether the turtle also im
mediately turned over and sat down
This only shows that the law of com
pensation which Emerson so clearly ex
plained is still in good working order
When Nature deprives a man of a
sense of humor she gives him the power
of adding more to the gaety of na
tions by hisunconscons hnmor than
an body can possibly do when wilting
as fumy as he can There is another
gem in this religious newspaper It is
There wa a crod ard they were three
Tbe Lamp and thff Maid ani He
Hut two is company no doubt
TbatR wh the knowing Lamp went out
This is interpolated between the
statement that If you deluge trior with
truth the truth will destroy It and
another that the writer is conscious
life In which there Is no death
lniNpeelN In the IliilliipIneN
It is our priv ilege to congratulate Mr
McKinlcy upon the salutary effect that
the splendid deed of Brigadier General
Tunston apparently has exerted upon
the Tagal insurgents According tote
ports from General JIacArthur the re
maining rebel chiefs are coming in and
surrendering and the natives geneially
seem to feel the hopelessness of longer
combating foe capable of such
achievements It is the good fortune
of the gallant Kansan soldier that to
him has fallen the opportunity nnd the
credit and honor of giving the coup de
grate to the Insurrection by the capture
of Its treacherous instigator and prin
cipal leader
We hope that the President will not
make the mistake of placing an reli
ance upon the promises of Aguinaldo
whose perfidy In the past is sullicicntly
notorious It is well enough to use him
temporaril as a means of forcing his
followers to submission but personally
he Is an unsafe character to be at large
and it would lie wisdom to ship him oft
as soon as convenient to trc Island of
TutuIIa where ho would be definitely
powerless to create more mUchief Of
course such a proceeding would fill the
air with agonircd howls nnd Impreca
tions from the Boston riliplnoa but
the country is so used to that sort of
tiling that Mr McKInley need n t mind
What will much more seriously tet his
powers of resistance Is the reported pur
pose of General Funstons enemies if
possible to secure Aguinaldos release
In order to minimize his victors service
and so reduce his chances of reward
It we may depend upon the official
news from Manila the hour Is at hand
when It will be safe to accoid civil gov
ernment to the Philippines That lin
ing the cane the American people would
grentl like to know what kind uf civil
government Mr McKInley proposes to
give them It would be useless at this
time to tulk of the Constitution In the
connection That instrument is entirely
Ignored by the Administration In ltn
treatment of the new territories and so
will be unlcs or until the Supreme
ourt of the United States shall de
clare that American soverelgnt a crea
ture of the Constitution cannot exist
where its creator Is not recognized as
the bnsfc and supreme law
Probably the President is waiting for
the Supiemc Court to speak before de
ciding upon his further course No
doubt this Is wise because It would be
hardly woith while to build up a jstem
of pro consular government supported
largely by an unconstitutional tnx upon
domestic trade with other portions of
the United States until It shall become
clear that our tribunal of last resort
either declares against the Constitution
or evades the main question involved
In tiie Porto Ittcan and Philippine cases
now before It
Aside from that consideration the
country Is yitally interested In the
problems of slavery and polygamy in
our colonial possession Both
tutins have been ofilclally recognized
and confirmed by the conv entlon agreed
to between GenoralBates and our sub
ject prince the Sultan of Jolo JIow is
Mr McKinlcy to steer between the
Scjlla of Oriental faith and practice
and the Charvbdis of American publio
This is a peculiarly pertinent question
at a time when a widespread agita
tion for a constitutional amendment
making poIgamy a crime ever where
under the Hag is beginning to show it
self As for slavcri thit matter will
settle Itself Should the Supreme Court
sustain the ConsMtutlon slavery will
have to cease at onco In the Sulu gioup
and w herev cr else It may happen to ex
ist In tile United States uing the teim
in the sense of Chief Justice Marshalls
famous decision In that cv ent It would
not be difficult to dispoo of tiie prob
lem bj calling the svstcm something
else and the President who has a pro
ductive vocabulary and remarkable In
ventive ability in the line of senten
tious aphorism might easily supply a
new designation Benevolent guar
dianship suggests itself as a tender
phrase But if on the other hand the
court should leave the hands of the Ex
ecutive free to deal with colonial af
fairs Independently of the Constitution
there is nothing to prevent the Institu
tion of slavery from flourishing in the
Philippines Just as It docs today and
wo have no doubt that should the
tiuct get hold of the sugar and to
bacco lands of the islands they would
fivor an extension of the sj stem since
slave labor may be more reliable and
useful under As ntlc conditions than
free labor
According to a report current eterday
thc Naval Board of Awards have decided
not to place either the head of Sampson
or of Schle j upon the medal to be given
to the olllcers and men who participated
in the sea battle of Sintiago and to some
who did not The reasons which actuate
the board are not unknown to the public
Thev will not depict Schley on the medal
because they resent the fact thit he com
manded In and fought and won the en
gagement They are afraid to put Simp
son on because his compete lick of con
nection with the affair is known of nil
men Perhaps they maj compromise the
matter by placing a bust of the Mitanzas
mule on the obverso and n double profile
of Sampson Cook and Coachman at An
napolis on the reverse side of the medal
That course at least would have the
merit of meeting public expectations
Senator McComas in his exalted
righteousness is very severe upon the
Maryland Legislature for Its wickedness
In disfranchising the illiterate voters of
the State and rendering hereafter di nit
the pleasant practice of Importing hordes
of Ignorant negio repeaters from the Dis
trict of Columbia Virginia and Pcnnsjl
vania to vote earl and often at Mary
land elections Senator McComis Is such
a pjre and enlightened soul that we
should like to hear a few remarks from
him on the Republican method of padding
the census returns in the Much district
with the names of citizens who have been
dead and In their gnves frcm one to fif
teen jeara If he will be so good
There is an apparently well founded re
port extant to the effect that the Trench
shareholders of the Panama Canal Com
pany are dissatisfied with the manage
ment of their interests In Washington by
M Ilutin President of the corporation
It Is complained that he has given Inac
curate Information concerning the condi
tion of American public opinion and of
the willingness of the AilciinlHtratlon to
negotiate for de Lesseps old nnd hopeless
ditch The story is that M lfutln has
reported rosy prospects which prove to be
non existent on investigation So 1L Ilu
tin it is said may be deposed and an
other gentleman entrusted with the honor
of presiding at the death and burial of
one nf the most gigantic humbugs la the
hlstor of bubble enterprises
y CiiuptiiiM Drfeiui
fur Bellini Ouns tit Colmulifn
The Drisgs Seabury Gun and Ammuni
tion Company has filed a statement with
Secretary Boot regarding tho charges
made against it by the American Ord
nance Compan It was alleged that the
Driggs Seabury Company had used the
United btatc arsenal at Irankford for
the manufacture of guns and ammunition
for the Colombian Government The of
ficials of the company state tint thej did I
nothing wrong in selling guns manufac
tured for the United States Government
to Colombia as Admiral O N Ml Chief of
the Bureau of Ordnance of the Navy De
partment permitted them to do so
The statement now in the hantls of Sec
retary Root alleges that guns delivered
to the Colombian Government v ere of the
semi automatic tpe and were manufac
tured for the Nav Department and in
no na interfered with the six pounder
guns to be manufactured for the army
On this point the statement siS
The guns sold by us to the Colombian
Government were not manufactured un
der the army contract but were des
tined for the navy being of the semi
automatic tpe The sale was made with
the as ent of Admiral O Neil We hid
locked up in material about JHO000 and
were paIng 6 001 per week for labor be
sides an additional ojtlaj for other ex
When seen In reference to the matter
csterday morning Admiral O Nell posi
tively denied any connection with the mat
ter and stated tint he had never given the
Driggs Seabury Cornpnnv permission to
sell guns to the Colombian or any other
I dont see how these people got this
statement Into their letter said he It
Is untrue and absolutely wrong Why I
couldn t give thm permission to sell
guns If I wanted to ind I am sure I
hive never attempted such a thing
The only connection I have ever had
with the Drlggs Seabur Compmy was
when they use d a gun for practice pur
poses and damaged it The asked per
mlSHion to replace the gun with a new
one and of course I assented
The guns sold to the Colombian Gov
ernment were not made for the Navy De
partment as is btated but were mide
under the army contract and I therefore
have no knowledge of them The ver
fact that they were army G pounders
ought to show th it the did not come
under the Jurisdiction of this buretu I
am ignorant of ever hiving given thtse
people permission to sell an thing
Stranded PolIllciniiH
Inini the Boston Herald
The President it i i ssiid ha lud more than
the UMial number of defeated ccnatota and Jtei re
sentathes to find places lor thii spring When
a man has once bitten tiie weed of ofrticholdinir
crecijlr ol ofOcelioldlng in Wa Iunnton lie is
seldom quite himself again The party mu tt
take care of him if hi oivn ncighliors turn
against him and refuse to Is tervcd li lain
lunjrer Ily wime means he lnut lie got upon a
pu roll and saved from the dishonor of being
onl a prlrate citizen naking a living in plain
liUftincM waa It cannot he too much enforced
that this hunujiatina UVfifmUnce tiin an offli ial
salary is often the rouU of kuUia Into publics
lor a living instead ol estalilibhlng ones power
to lire without office
Not III StIe
1roui the Cleveland Plain Dealer
Noa If the Administration can induce vd licks
to follow tSe example of Koewattr and rhompiii
and elimliiate hlraisrlf from the benalorial prob
lem therj will be a chance of Ike Dclavture
kegitlature called together again and tuo
ne men elected Senators from that htatc as
e s done In Nebrabaa Itut Adiheks i not tliat
I sort 1 1 man He insists on getting what he
onciili Chninbrrlalii nt Prurnt
MiMiopolizInu ruliHo Lvtlcntloii
LONDON llarch S0 Aiweek such as
this goes some way to Justlf those Euro
pean critics of England wh J maintain thit
Joseph Chamberliln is the man thit
chiefly matters in English public life In
the earl iart of the weak the libel ac
tion brought by his brother Arthur a
Birmingham minufacturer nnd contric
tor with the Admiralty and War Olllec
agilnst two London -Radical hilf peiin
journils was the main theme of public
discussion The action was the sequel to
the campaign directed by the extreme
Radicals against Joseph Chamberlain
duri ig the general election on account of
tlie wnncctlon of his family with Govern
ment contracts and now thit a London
Jun his awanled Arthur Chamberlain a
paltry thousand dollars to salve his
wounded feelings both sides claim the
victor one moral the other matirlal
Against Jjseuh Chamberliln himself no
charge in connection with State contnets
was brought or could be oustainni but
that docs not prevent Journils represent
ing the old school of aristocratic Tor
lsm with whom commerclally minrted
C h imberlaln Is now- In alliance from
reading Chamberlalnlsm u prelt little
lecture on the beauties of the ethical
stindards associated with Caesars wife
And as the week began with Mr Cham
berlain so It has ended The Continental
comic papers are poking merciless fun at
Inglaud because of the lightings In Mrs
Britannias ami kitchen which Lords
Wolstley and Ijinsdowne disclosed In
their recent conflict In the House of
Lords No wonder sis Britannia l
get such bad dinners The weeks de
bites in the House of Commons present
a parallel spectacle in the Colonl il De
p irtment
Mr Chamberlain not content with over-riding
in the prlvacv of official corre
spondence General Kitcheners peace
teims to General Botha has gone out of
the way to publlcl deride General Kltch
enor as a peacemaker General Kltche
nei favored amnesty to the Cape rebels
I cannot so Mr Chamberlain told the
House of Commons on ThursJi con
ceive an thing more mischievous Gen
eril Kitchener proposed a certain form
of elective assembly In the Boer Stales
Mr Chamberlains comment is How
an man who knows an thing of the sit
uation can make such a preposterous pro
posal as that we should commence villi
an elective assembly I cannot for the life
of me understand Sir Alfred Milncr
too Is not exempted for In answer to
those who contend that Mr Chamberlain
is himself the greatest obstacle to peace
Mr Chamberlnln declares that Sir Al
fred Is the man to whom the Boers take
special objection This triangular duel
between the Colonial Secretary the Commander-in-Chief
and the High Commls
staner Is hardly a help to that peace for
which England Is earnestly looking nor
Is the further disclosure of this week
tint the War Olllce having by excep
tional eiTort scrapeel together 34000 fresh
regulars and volunteers- for General
Kitcheners more active mjrsult of the
Boer commandos Is taking no steps to fill
up vacancies as they arig or to replace
the troops whom a scars continuous war
fare has rendered stale
Englishmen long ago tmade up their
minds on Mr Clevelands part In the Ven
ezuelan affair Nothing ho can now say
will alter it The Times Indeed seems
to be the only journal tint thinly it nec
essary even to report Mr Clevelands
Princeton remarks The capture of Aguin
aldo also attracts singularly little notice
A more general Anglo Afnerlcan theme
Is Americ vs apparently calm reception of
what the Spectator today calls Lord
Lnndsdowncs easy and logical diplomatic
victor over the Senate and State Depart
ment reginllng the Nicaragua Canal
There is no doubt that business men gen
erally here would Jvv elcome the construc
tion of a canal by America as good for
trade and marvel that the politicians
cannot arrange their side of the question
satisfactorily Naval experts smllo at
English official nervousness and restate
their contention that so long as England
commands the sea It little matters who
builds th land liatterles
lhe approaching launch at Belfant on
April -I of the White Star Liner Celtic
of J lAl tons leads Mr G W Wolff M
P the builder to declare that the Celtic
by no means approaches the limit in size
of trans Atlantic steamers He sis
We v111 undertake to build steamers
up to a f00 tons perhaps over If money
be found and the lnrbor authorities mike
harbors soaelous and deen enouch Ves
sels of the size of the Celtic and Oceanic
would have been Impossible orly fifteen
ears ago but since then harbors like
those of Liverpool and New York hive
been dredged to accommodate comfort
ably ships drawing thlrtv two feet Their
example might be wiel followed by
other norts
I The Grand National was run ester-
da at Liverjool in a snowstorm lhe
txronl and camunuge ooal race was row
tKl this morning in a southw estem half
gale Everon grumbleb at the depress
ing persistence of biting winds Farmers
report heav losses among limbs Sports
men alone seem happy for March has
been for them the one redeeming featuro
of the hunting season
London will in a few weelvs be the scone
of one of the most Important assemblies
In the recent history of modern medi
clie namely the congress on Tubercu
losis The scientists taking part Include
Prof Koch M Henri Monod Director of
the Trench Public Service Dr Hermin
Biggs of New York Prof fahcrldin Dcle
plne of Manchester br Roux Prof
Itend il nf Berlin Dr Heron Sir R
Douglas Powell Prof Sims Woodhead
and Prof Sir George Brown The
ci u suuject or uiscusstoii win De tiie in
fluence of climate on the treatment of
consumption and how far the forms of
the disease nn be grouped for treitment
under certilu climates
K Shaffer pjilies for the Iosi
Hon of JuilKe In VlnxUit
In anticipation of a vacanc In a Judge
ship being created In the Alaska Terri
tory the application of II H Shaffer of
Kane Pa was filed with the President
esterda by Representative Sibley Mr
Shatter Is endorsed by m in of the most
representative men of the country and
Is a lawer of standing
Judge Noes of Alaska has bet n asked
for a stat ment In re ganl to charges made
against him of cnmpliclt In certain min
ing deals An extensive Investlg itlon nny
follow Judge Noes replv It Is the pos
sible vacancy in this appointment tint
Mr Shaffers friends have in mind
lliliiliin Competent lorres
I roin the In ltanapohs Prev
merltan ntvwiJcr lire exhibiting a vast
amount of surprive lhat l4p iueM cftkuls should
exhihit such u vi illmgneB to flht Itiujn hut
It will cause no gicat irpne anion the ami
an I navy officers now m the Ohuit Oj ill tin
soldier wnt into China th Japamsc wire the
best whin conIdored front tverv point of view
not even evieptlng our own Vimrican trooiM
They wire the bc t Pimpled and the Iiet licl
pliniil Tiie were able to nuke iongir mjrthes
en less food and under Hieatrr lurdfchirri with
less complaint than anj nthers There were
none braver and none cooler In action The st m
ilard of marksmanship was high nd drunken
ness was unknown among them Their sailors arc
said to equal their tnops and their siilps are
said to be handled as well as their amuc
vrlstocrnc in ClKitr
I roiu the kondon ludy Mail
Connniurs of the rfeate de ltue will he in
terested In a remarkable t olieclion of the finest
irodutls id Cuba wbith a Loudon firm has just
received from Paris Hie cigars in quebtloti
which number about 10l are still in the
panels and cabinels in which they were shown
ut the Pans evlulntion One glas fronted case
i nutaining lJi cigars ranging m sire from the
diminutive thing uf half a dozen puffs to what
looks like a policeman truncheon wrapped in
fins Cuban leaf is prlc cd at i100 while 23
large cigar of a cIkiicc brand are itpected to
fetch 1X The collection as representing the
ariatocrac Of tobicco IS irulahljr uRhnu
it 111 n VI eni or
Irom the Itlil mind Dipat n
Our carrelbag administration ol inatrs In
lortu Itlco is fat during the people of the isl
and from their homes to Cba ami Hawaii We
of the south do n t wondr We know what
cat etUajrbn is
Irnucr PnliUnlirs the Memoirs of 11
Jnciue de Morjsnii
PARIS March 30 The Trench Govern
ment his published the first volume of
the Memoirs of Jacques de Morgan
which deals with his explorations for the
site of the city of Sum
M de Morgan ran a series of tunnels
Into a mound at various levels and found
traces of five distinct settlements One
of these he found to be the site of the
Greco Parthian oil which existed be
tween 000 and aw B C Beneath this he
found the Persian city of tho Achaemen
ian kings which existed between ZOO and
30o B C and beneath this the older city
which had been almost wholl destroed
in 040 li C
He pined thit th city although
wrecked had not been totally destroyeii
by the Assrian Asurbanlpal
In the debris he found
a c Under of Nebuchadnezzar the Great
showing that the city had been occupied
during the Jewish captivity Possibly
Daniel visited it for tradition sas that
lie was burled there
The Memoirs go on to say that th
dls over of brick records and charters
of the Kissitc rulers hows that this city
probably dated from the learlOO B C or
about the time when the Kassltc rulers
conquered BablonIa One Inscription
supplies the whole details of the Corvee
sstem In Bab Ionia
Inscriptions of much older dates were
found in one chamber the most Import
ant of which was a fine stele of Naram
sin son of Sirgon who rclgnrel In 3S80
B C proving Incontestably the histori
cal character of the ancient rulers The
King is representee as wearing a horned
helmet carolng a bow and spear and
wearing a long beard His countenance
was of the Semitic type He his a foot
on a dead foe while another Is falling
wounded while trlng to draw an arrow
from his breast The work is most spirit
Iurther down M de Morgin found
traces of a wooden clt which had been
destrocd by fire This contained stone
maces n flint sickle and handmade pot
tery There wis no metal of any kind
and no inscriptions
Still lower thlrt feet above the virgin
soli there was found an older settlement
containing rude Hint instruments and
potter- The date of the two primitive
settlements M de Morgan Is unable to
IleiiHiui Reported Aiuouk tliv Pan
niutt CnnnI Stockholder
There is trouble in the director of the
French Panama Canal Company between
that element which desires to sell the
property to the United States and those
who claim that the ditch can be com
pleted without reference to the desires of
this Government
It was learned csterday that recently
official representations have lieen mide to
members of the Isthmlin Canil Commis
sion by Bruno Birilla formerly engineer-in-chief
of tho old Panama Canal Com
pany and a large stockholder in tho pres
ent company to the effect that a majority
of the stockholders have become dissatis
fied with M Htitin the President The
reason assigned for their dissatisfaction
Is that M Ilutin has put his personal In
terests ahead of those of the company
In order to have himself retained as
president which position he believes will
bring him enduring fame M Hutln his
It Is said failed to properly enlighten his
associates In Trance as to the real senti
ment of this country agilnst the French
Panama Company He has It Is under
stood led them to believe that there Is
every chance of the United Stales enter
ing Into a partnership with the French
men to complete the canal than which it
is pointed out here nothing could be more
M Barilla was sent here b the antl
Hutln element In the lanama directory
He has reported the true situation and a
majority of the stockholders nre now un
derstood to favor making a definite propo
sition to the United States to sell out the
compan s entire property on the Isth
mus M Barlllis reports have been so
much nt variance with those of M Hutln
that there Is said to be a strong probabil
ity of the latter being deposed from the
presidency of the companv
M Barilla lias given Admiral Walker
and other members of the Isthmian Ca
nal Commission to understand that M
Ilutin in refusing to name to the com
mission any price nt which the United
States could secure the lanama nrooertv
does not re present the views of the com
piny il Barilla has Indicated that the
company Is not only willing to sell Its
propcrtv but realizes tint tho only way
In which it can ever hope to recover its
investments Is to come to some under
standing with the Unlteil States
She klli Hrj Ilipecteil to Irrlve In
WnsliitiKtoi Soon
AH Terrouh Bey the Turkish Minister
Ins received advices that his successor
She klli Bey will arrive In Washington
soon Sheklb Be was appointed a long
time ago and it whs supposed that he
would have relieved AH Fermnli Be bo
fore this
A Continental Atteinpt lo Ilreitk VU
Kullvvit Ite cords
LONDON March S Herr Rathencau
tho head of the General FIe ctric Com
pany in Uurope has given a description
of the electric train which is to outpace
the fastest expresses The line between
Berlin and Zozzeu has been chosen for the
The eltctrie ci rrent of 120m volts will
be carried to the line from the works
eleven miles distant on supports Thence
it will be transferred to tho vehicles of
which two hive been built Bach of these
is twtnt two yirds long standing on tvvo
trucks of three axh s eat h Four of the
axles are driven b a motor v ich of
which is capable of 730 horse power
A compartment in the centre of the ve
hicle contains the entire machlner which
Is conti olbd b a driver standing In front
and manlpul ttlng 1 vers The vehicle
w ill accommodate lift passengers
Mr Olte lll nnd the Duke-
From the Tiidianaisiliv Sun
Once theie was a millionaire named Olttdlv
vviio had a servant girt working for htm also
named tl Itttlli
O Itelll disliked fortune hunters so when one
came to town a tluke from J iiRland Oleiliy
iimm diattlr invited the penniliss man to his
4 1leQM d to meet ou duki said O Iteilly
Let me iritioduie von to Miss fllteill
The duke and Miss Olleillr who was dressed
tor the occasion got alonr famoiL 1i Miss
Olleillr dung most of the listimn Ittfore two
hours had passed the duke fame out of the
parlor ami rend to Mr OKiiIiv
Margartt and I love each othir devoted
Udl vti give me her hand m marriage
f ertainiy duke answered Mr Olleillr
gazing up at his cigar smoke Margaret has
iluavs lungrd for i title Can I sind for a
clergvman ani have the ccicinoii performed
now r
The duke was delimited with this i course
anil answered heartily in the alhrinahve
so the were married and the drinks were on
tiie duke
IUhtlllS With Kleetrleilj
Ironi the I tupnccriii News
1 leitricity as a weai m in a railway war was
tried in 1 dgewater N J last week The
Itoroiuh authorities sent a f rec of men to tear
up a track lai 1 a few days previously by a rail
war compiny aiross the finer Itoad near the
ttirt iee ferry lupuse The boroujth counsel de
clared tl e tra k to be literally laid but when the
street commissioners force slatted to rip up
the rails i lineman cmploved by the railwav
compiny threw a toil uf wire acro d the over
head trollev win ani connected the ends with
the rails in dispute Tiie result was that four
laborers who were sawing at the rails were
hurled several feet by tiie electric current ard
Hie boroiiKli men were forced to stop woik The
lineman was tlnallj arrested and aftir the wires
were disconnected the rail litting was resumed
and the trai K w removed after son oth r dem
onstrations b the railway men
The Stnte Department Sntlnflrd 1 Kit
HI Course nt Cnrnens
Trnnk B Loomls United States Minis
ter at Caracas who has been bitierlvst
tackeil In the Venezuelan press on ac
count of his activity In looking out for
American Interests lu the pitch lake con
troversy and other matters in which citi
zens of the United States are concerned
has been ordered home b telegraph It
Is expected tint he will leave on the first
It Is said upon reliable- authority today
that this Government fs very much dis
satisfied with the attitude of the Vencsac
Iin Federal authorities generally and
President Castro particularly Their con
duct In th recent troubles hi tho asphalt
region and In cases of alleged petty perse
cution of Americans residing In Ven
ezuela is regarded us unfriendl Thev
have It Is explained shown no disposition
to meet the Unltt J States half way In tho
settlement of pending disputes and have
assumed an attitude of defiance
One of the recent cases that lias caused
this Government to chafe Is that of grin
do II Balz a Danish subject who rep
resents the United States as Consular
Agent at Bircelona V nczueli He was
arrested according to the reports to tho
State Department for refusing to make a
forced loan to the Venezuelan authorities
and put in Jail until the money was paid
Instructions to make a rather stiff de
mand for an explanat in were sent to Mr
Loomls but up to this time he has ap
parently received no response from the
Government at Caracas ns he lias not
Informed the State Department on the
subject since the Instructions were sent
Press reports have said that Mr Bals
was arrested a second time but no con
firmation of these haver come officially
From what has lieen said in official
quarters It Is apparent that the Govern
ment has concluded that the Castro Ad
ministration must be do1 with severely
to secure respect for American imprests
It Is not probable however thit any de
cision as to a course of fiction will be
reached until after Minister Loomls irets
The statement was made positively by
officials that the recall of Mr Loomls
was not due to any dissatisfaction with
his eourse in caring for the Interests of
the t nlted Stites There wis some talk
about the m itter and the President and
Secretary Hay expressed thorough ap
proval of what had been done by Jlr
Loomls At the State Department it was
said that Mr Loomls had not exceeded
his Instructions in any action he had
taken While it Is bellt veil -that there
has been no formal complaint against the
Minister by the Venezuelan Government
It is known that he Is not popular with
the Castro administration and the
chances are that he will not be sent bick
to Caracas Mr Russell the First Sec
retary of the American Legation there
will be Charge d Affaires In the absence
of Mr Loomls
Senor Pulldo showed sirprlse and In
terest when told that Mr Loomls had
been recalled He indicated that he would
not return to Venezuela jut now al
though It is understood that he had been
granted leave of absence anil was pre
paring to star for Caracas He has re
ceived advices that General Ci3tro who
became de facto President of Venezuela
through his capture of Caracas and the
flight of President Andrade has been de
clared provisional President pending an
The return to La Guara at this time
of the Uulted States gunboat Scorpion
has a significant bearing on the Vene
zuelan situation She arrived at La
Guayn vsterdiv from Port of Snnln
Trinidad It is understomt that she was
ordered back at the request of the State
formation ns to the Charges He
celreil at the War Deiiiirtmeiit
Information In regard to the charges
made to General Wood concerning the
connection of Horatio Rubens and Gon
salez Quesada with the Havana Gas Com
pan was received at the War Depart
ment esterelay The details of the case
are that a stockholder hi the company
named Johnson at the last meeting of the
directors refused to vote in favor of a
further payment of mone to Jlr Rubens
lie Lter addressed a letter to General
Wood setting forth his compliint against
Rubens This letter was referred b Gen
eral Wood to the audencla of Havana
with the reeiues that it be given Immed
iate consideration
The president of the itnlcncia has ai
pointed Judge Monteverile as a special
judge to conduct the enquir 3Ir John
son appeared before Jlnrge llonteverde
scv ral da s ago and submitted affidavits
to support hl charge that Sir Rubeiu
had used his connection with the Gov
ernment to secure mone from the gas
War Department officials here sa Jlr
Rubens Is not cmpIoed b the United
States or Cuban Governments He vis
retained b General Wood to assist In the
prosecution of the postal cases but on
receiving Sir Johnsons charges General
Wood dispensed with his services
General Woods advices to the AVar
uepirtment snow tnat lie Is tiklng no
ollclal action In the case other thin re
ferring It to the Judlciar department
According to well Informed persons In
Washington llr Rubens connection with
the gas company datea back over two
ears The gas company uses crude pe
troleum for the manufacture of gas and
under the first tariff promulgated In Cuba
b the Inited States known as the Port
er tariff crude petroleum for the exclu
sive use of the gas compan was duti
able at 70 cents per hundred kilos The
records of the War Department show that
In December Ifj a tariff circular was
Issued bv the War Department placing
crude petroleum on the free list This
circular was to become effective Januat
j 1DC0
The explanation of th War Department
Is that crude petroleum was placed on the
free list because of representations made
to the department that It would result
in a great reduction in the price of gas
These representations ire said to hive
been matle h Mr Rubens and Jlr Que
sada Within a few weeks after placing
It on the free list the depirtment began
the work of revising the Cuban tariff
This revision tat completed in March
1J ind promulgated by the President
Slarch -1
The ri vised tariff nnde crude lietroleum
dutiable it 1 Id cents but faileil to make
a apeclil rate of a eents for petroleum
for the use of the gas compan Nor
was petroleum for siuh ue placed on the
free list The failure to provide the 70
cent duty was a clerical error and upon
ine representations or r resiiienr i a
Ha ward of the company and Vice Pres
ident Bacardi this duty was restored
thus placing it in the same position it oc
c upied before It wis placed on the free
in securlnR litis action President Hay
ward and Vice President B lcardl wtre
the onl persons appearing bt fore tho
Wir Depirtment and it Is ilear th it their
representations alutie secured the restor
ation of the TO ccnt dut the War Depnis
ment refusing to place it on the free fist
because the compiny had not reduced the
price of gis as promised
Soft fobs for Preachers
trom the Itoston flohe
The Vrnry lleorgamzation bill prornks for
twent lhrre additional chaplains all of whom
arc to receive moumeu captains jiav ami emolu
ments It is not surprising then to hear tliat
50 superannuated or otlurwisc unappreciated
preachers are after the pleatng life tenures n
mixed militar and relwious career is supposed to
ofTer Who can ccvmtire u a lazier and mori
contradictory occupaticn tlun lliat of an arm
ihiplam located at some distant frontier post on
fat pay with A pension In old age and nodim
to do hut preach once a week appear on dress
parsle attend now and then the sick or dvfnc
assist the olllcers occasiinalh in a friend ganm
oi cards and make hiiifelf generally useful
Chloroform Restored Its xouti
From the hansas Cite lotimaL
Tiie Pieshach family of Vtclusou liad an old
horse which had hied out its diys of Useful
ness U last it licvatne so oil and decrepit that
It got down in the ham and could not get up
The fasiil sent for a horse ambulance and turn
ed the animal over to the town scavenger with
mone to buy chloroform with which to give the
old horse an eas deatli Tiie hor c was carefull
conveed to the boneyard and a pint of chloro
form was soaked in a sponge and placed beneath
its nose as it lay on the ground Vfter sniting
at the chloroform the horse jumped up kicked
out its luels and ran cavorting out into th
rountr Vnd et a nun onie wrote a book
to prove that annuals have no sense of humor
T SInhl of New York said to be
relative of the lato C P Huntington ani
a prominent railroad man died at Spar
tanburg 8 C last night from consump
tlon He was traveling In a private cat
with his mother Rnd daughter They wcr
returning from Utah and Wyomjig wherci
they had been visiting for Mr Mahl
B F Newcomer Ireslunt of tho Sifi
De posit nnd Trust Company was stricke t
on Triday night with para sis nnd die I
last night In Baltimore Mr Newcomce
was one of the best known and weal
thiest men In Baltimore He was largel
Interested In all the most Important
transactions in the financial communltv
rfftd the Safe Deposit and Trust Compan
of which he was president Is one of thj
largest ind most substantial moneed in
stitutions In the South In addition t
his presidency of this company Mr New
comer was director in a number of other
influential financial Institutions He- was
a native of Washington County and re
cently gave n large sum of money to es
tablish a public library In Hagertown
e leaves an estate valuetl ut ten
Watson van Benthuysen prominent in
financial nnd street railroad circle died
In New Orleans yesterday aged sixty
eight He was born In Bedford L I Ho
moved to New Orleans In 1KL Ho was
President of the National Improved Com
pan and carried on a long and bitter liti
gation with the Bell Telephone Company
over the valldltv of the Bell patents He
was president ft some years of the New
Orleans and Cirrolltou Street Rallwiy
Comipn and f the Coliseum line He
spent some cars in New York where ho
was President of the Poughkeepslo
Bridge Company
During the civil war he was In charge
of the tax depirtment of the Confederate
army and nlso commanded the famous
Jefferson Divis wagon train that trav
eled all the way from Virginia to Florida
seeking to save some of tho property of
the Confederate States from capture
John Paton formerly of New York died
in London on Saturday He had been 111
for three days In New York he was one
of tho prominent bankers for twenty
ears prior to his removal to Englnrd a
few ears ago
He was born seventy ears ago neat
Edinburgh onel was educated at the Uni
versity of Edinburgh He began business
life at the foot of the ladder In London
In New York he was n partner of Morris
K Jc sup in the firm of Jesup Paton ic
Co from 1S72 to ISSt and ho was then for
eight cars head of the firm of John Pa
ton Co
In 1SS2 the firm became Cuyler Mor
gan Co with Mr Paton as special
partner and he went to London to live
He was a member of the Union Century
ind Calnmet Clubs In New York and lie
fore his removal to London was a di
rector of the St Louis and San Fran
cisco and the Mobile and Ohio Railroads
the Bank of British North America and
the L nlted States Guaranty Company of
North j mericn
John H V Arnold who hail a stroke
of apoplexy In his office at 205 Broadway
New York on Friday afternoon died in
Hudson Street Hospital New York es
terday Jlr Arnold was born in New York
in 1SC9 was a graduate of the College of
the City of New- York and was admitted
to the bar in 1SS0 forming u pirtnershlp
the following ear with Jlr Solomon L
Hull He was active In politics from tho
time he was a joung man In 1SS8 he
was president of tho New York boanl
of aldermen and In lSIsl was made sur
rogate of New York County He re
signed as surrogate in M99 Jlr Arnold
was a lover of nre books engravings
and autographs and his collection al
though depMed from time to time by
sales that he made is still an Important
William Bard SIcVlckar a member of
the law firm of Marshall Jloran Will
iams JlcVickar died suddenly yester
ilay at his home in Jlorristown Nj J
Llle came of n old New York family His
father and grandfather were Kplscopal
clenomen his grandfather having- been
u professor at Columbia In the early pirt
of tho century
Jlr JlcVlckar was graduated from Co
lumbia In the class of lsn He studied
law In tiie office or the late Stephen P
Nash and was associated with his firm
and afterward with John E Parsons H
was a brother or Harry W JlcVlckar the
Jlr JfcVIckir wrote a book of short
poems entitled Lays of Liwers and
was a frequent contributor to Life and
other periodicals He was a member of
the Universlt ard Jiorristown Clubs Ho
mimed daughter of George JfcCuI
loch Jllller win survives him with thrca
children Jlr JlcVlckar was forty two
ears old
KIder William L Eeebe for ILteen
years in charge ot the BaptUt Church at
Warwick N Y Is dead at his home
there at the age of seventy two His
father was a famous elder of that denom
ination and for many years edited the
Signs of the Times Another son Ben
ton 1 Beebe succeeded to the editorship
and is still in the harness A brother of
me ueceaseu cmer ts tne Hon George 21
Beebe former Judge of tho Court ol
claims living in Jlonticello N Y
Blehard 2lott of Far Rcckaway L I
died on Thursday from old age He was
born there In lain His mother was a
daughtcrof Gov ernor Nichols of New York
and his father John Jlott at one time
owned all of the Rockawas Richard
Jlott was for a long time a frequent
contributor to the New York Evening
Post while William C Br ant was edi
tor His father was nlnet -eight eara
old when he dieil and h himself leaves
two brothers William ninety three and
Benjamin cisht on years old
Tohn I- Anderson a New York ten and
coffee merchant died esterday at his
home In Pialnfleld N J following a
long illness H was born In Edinburgh
Scotland and was six -six years old
For a number of iars he lived In Anroj
China He leaves i widow ami two child
ren Jliss J Al Anderson and Kenneth
Vssumes Formal Chnrge ns Comnils
loner ot Patents
The rcccntl appointed Commissioner of
Iatents Frederick I Allen of Auburn
was sworn In esterday afternoon at I
o clock He called nt the White Hous
in the morning and received his com
mission Commlssicner Allen takes
chirge of the Patent Office tomorrow
ilr Allen said ho knew nothing of tho
protest made agilnst his appointment by
the Indiana telephone companies except
whit lie had re id In the newspapers Ho
said he understood they were Independent
concerns lighting the American Bell Tele
phone Compan and that they might op
pose his confirmation b the Senate
Bx Commlssloner Duel who resigned
Jlarcfc 1 last will form a law partnership
with F A Wanleld a prlnclp il examiner
in the Patent Olllce and William A Jle
gratli a liw clerk to the Commissioner
of Patents Their offices will be In New
York The resignations of Jlr Jlegrath
and Jlr Warfleld havo been written and
will soon be presented to the Secretary
of the Interior
Limits of the Yinllblllt or Sound
From the Jew otk Tost
An Interesting matter from a selenitic point
of view in connection with the death of cjueen
ictoria is the distance at which the sound
of firing was heard when the fleet saluted a
the bodv was conveyed from Cowes to ports
mouth Letters in the English journals ot setrnca
fchow that the sounds of the guns were heard in
several places at a distance of eighty four miles
and that ut a distance of slaty miles the con
cussions were sutliciently iitene to shake win
dows and to set cock pheasants to crowing as
they do during a thunderstorm There appears tii
have 1st it but little wind to interfere with the
propagation of the sound
Women Rule the Went
Iroui the Mlantic Monthly
Tin independence and go alieadatlveres of
women seem to coexist with a general high
standard of intelligence or statistics show- that
Washington is third on the ht o States in
freedom from illiteracy being surpassed br
Iowa and Nebraska only In fact the Pacific
oast ranks very high in average education ani
ir cl tgence though is not of course so
ruh cl the high culture as in some circles ot
o Jer communities

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