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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, April 18, 1901, Image 4

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1ESKSTtrANIA avemje
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ClrctilBtlon Statement
The circulation o The Times for the week end
til irlt 13 101 was a follows-
Minday April 7 21
Monday April S 393SI
Tuesday April 9 337M
Wednesday prll 10 33S3I
Thursday April 11 395M
lYlday Vpril 12 33773
Saturday vpril IS 3VI3
Total M9I81
Dill- av crage Sunday 21119 excepted 83727
Tlic noer War
The London letter published In The
Times of yesterday morning s worthy
of cartful attention Its text Is calcu
lated to show us that the Intelligence
and business sense of the United King
dom are not by any means satisfied
with the South African situation and
that a public opinion Is forming which
in the course of a little time may be
come powerful enough to bring the Sal
isbury Government to a change of pol
icy or ov erthrow It
Treating of the military conditions
our correspondent states that there are
rumors of a very disquieting nature
about the state of the army in South
Africa making It look he says as If
we should practically hae to replace
the whole lot of troops and that soon
on account of the condition of fatigue
they hae all been reduced to by their
piolouged operations When It Is re
membered that the limit of British re
sources has been reached In placing two
hundred and fifty thousand soldiers In
the South African field the gravity of
the suspicion that they or most of
them must be soon replaced Is at once
apparent Assuming the fact to be
true there is not a little reason for ap
prehending that the replacement could
not be effected through voluntary en
listment and that the Government
might be compelled to resort to a high
bounty system or to conscription
What effect the latter recourse would
exert among the British masses Is not
hard to guess Conscription In the eyes
of the English Scotch Welsh or Irish
middle and iover classes Is the Iron col
lar of Continental slaerv and some
thing neer to be submitted to by those
whose proud boast is that Britons
never will be slaves But needs
must when the devil drives and If the
quarter of a million men in khaki who
are milting a heroic struggle to over
come the fifteen thousand Boers op
posed to them should not bring the war
to a close without further delay thero
Is trouble In store for the Salisbury
ministry If not for the Empire Our
correspondent reviews the situation
tersely and Interestingly In the follow
ing paragraph In which he says
The fact really is that war under the condi
tions under which we are fighting in South
Vfrica ii aboit the silliest anachronism in the
woiid Ail the conqueror of past days who hare
been great conqueror hare owed tlteir success to
the extermination of their enemies W e are car
rying on the war as a war of limited moral
liability so that we have actually got Into this
ridiculous positionthat there are now in South
Africa aliout fifteen thousand Boere in arms in the
field against say seventeen thousand in various
prisons or special settlements like Ceylon nd
t Heiena while we with sn army of two hun
dred and fifty thousand men are occupying their
country or such parts of it as we can cover
and Are at cur own expense maintaining the
whole of their women and children Would not
Tameilane Alexander the Great Attila or Jva
poteon hare smiled at these childish tactics To
profess a barbaric policy and to carry it out as
f you were civilized men is too ridiculously In
censistent for anything
If we may credit many accounts of
barbarities practiced on the veldt It Is
perhaps questionable that the British
have carried on their share of the war
as a war of limited moral liability In
many Instances we are afraid that the
limit has been sadly exceeded If not
altogether removed But probably on
that score there Is something to be said
on both sides Our correspondent calls
attention to the paradox of a Govern
ment unwilling to make the concessions
to a brave but hopeless foe that a brave
and stern old soldier like Lord Roberts
would advise and the reputed merciless
Lord Kitchener would endorse He
In the meantime we liare a Government at
home heroically defiant yet having proclaimed
in August last that the vyar was over finding
Itself now six months behind in finding the
necessary ship and munitions of war for carry
ir it to s successful termination an adminis
trative eeneral in South Africa the agent of the
said Government much more anxious to male
jieaie and willing to offer better terms Ulmi
the Gov eminent itself and finally the tcrn TUnd
unbending soldier silent and uncomplaining
the commander-in-chief Lord Roberts still more
anxious to make peace and offering better terms
still The Ilritish public with characteristic
fog lMund minds having been filled with the be
lief thst the war was over in August is quite
intaiahle of mining tliat it is still going on
and consequents it shows neither enthusiasm
tor the new preparations nor impatience at
their inadequacy but watches with delighted
wonder the dexterity of Mr Chamberlain in scor
ing e ff his opponents instead of tackling the mat
ter in hand
The death of the Queen and the new acces
sion hare bees such a splendid theatrical suc
cess that all weightier matters are delayed
Russia Is not slow to improve the shining hour
and ftrrmany having entered into a bond of
perennial friendship and brotherhood with us Is
protesting volubly to the world that the bond
is not worth the paper on which ft is written
W e have not even got an Aguinaldo to put in a
cage and carry around
The quotation fepeakn for itself and
does not demand comment except that
e feel at liberty to remark that If
ireat Britain Is without an Aguinaldo
o put in a cage and carry around it Is
Minelpally because It also Is without
unstons to capture the game
Social Gntnlillnsr
admission of Dr MacArthur of
the Calvary Baptist Church New York
that there Is social gambling among
chuich members nnd that money so
gained Is sometimes given to the
Church by devout dames who have won
their Laster offering at games of chance
sluring Ient is rather a startling one
liut there Is no reason to suppose that
the thing is not true The clergyman
who admits it is not a pessimist for he
usserts that In spite of this damaging
statement the -world was never so good
as it is today and there was never a
time when he knew so many college
mm ready to become earnest church
The fact that there Is gambling
among persons high In New York socie
tythat games of chance are played In
aristocratic houses for money Is
not at all to be doubted It would be
Just as wrong to say that all society
people or all the people In fashionable
churches are affected by this habit as
to nay that it afreets none of them
There was a time when no person who
made any pretensions to being earnest
In church work In this country could
play cards without the danger of criti
cism rf not worse and in some
churches card players were practically
barred from membership This did not
apply to Rambling alone All games of
cards were put under the ban the in
nocent whist euchre and bezlque as
well a the deadly draw poker This
rule has been relaxed and it now ap
pears that ome people members of
fashionable churches are stretchlrg It
so far as to play for money in their
own homes as a spice of diversion to
Lenten gatherings
The teactlon Is not a very unnatural
one It must be obvious to all observ crs
of human affairs that the tide of popu
lar opinion has its ebb and flow and
that action and reaction are as inevi
table in progress as in physics The
unreasonable prohibition of all garner
of cards following the Irrational pas
sion for gambling which was common
in the fashionable society of the eight
eenth century has In its turn been fol
lowed by a sort of reawakening of that
passion Eighteenth century gambling
was not confined to men Many a fine
lady lost her pin monev and sometimes
possessions considerably more precious
through the fatal fascination of the
cards Moreover nature takes care
that the laws of Inheritance are not
governed by nnv Salic decree Women
Inherit the qualities of their fathers as
well as of their mothers and If a man
be a passionate lover of games of
chance and other pastimes supposed to
be purely masculine his daughter Is
quite likely to be a gambler In some
thing whether It Is cards or human
destiny or other peoples feelings
These are good and sufficient reasons
why a craze for gambling should ap
pear in the drawing room
Reason will find a way out of this
aromalous situation as out of most
other difficulties it it be alloved Its
way There is no more harm in cards
per se than In any other kind of a
game of course the haim comes In
when the player tries to get money
without having earned it and surren
ders himself to the deadly Impulse to
risk money on a chance To a person
of a certain temperament such an Im
pulse leads to certain ruin another
mav gamble all his day s take his losses
and winnings with equal Imperturba
bility and retire with unshaken nerves
and unllghtened pocketbook The per
son to whom cards are dangerous
should keep away from them and feel
no false shame In doing so
UxpreMHlou by Infection
A travrlet In Berlin records some
what whimsically a conversation which
he overheard In a beer garden between
a young woman and a young man In
whch the latter did most of the talk
ing To all that he said his companion
responded only with the exclamation
Ach so in tones suited to the occa
sion and It Is averred that she said
Ach so twenty seven times in the
course of that conversation
This Incident Illustrates one wide dif
ference which exists between the Anglo-Saxon
and most Continental peo
ples He expresses his meaning by
words alone wiillethe Frenchman the
Spaniard and the Italian talk with
their Inflections their facial expression
their shoulders and hands This pecu
liarity is not confined to the calm and
apathetic Englishman The nervous
alert and emotional American shares It
There Is no expression current in this
country which takes the place of the
Germans Ach so unless it be the
rustic exclamation Well And It Is
said that extensive conversations have
been carded oh in which this monosyl
lable formed tle stock in trade of one
of the talkers
To the person interested in compara
tive sociology it looks as If the human
race were evolving beyond the need of
either gestures or Inflection The
course and cause of thl evolution
would be an Interesting one to trace
but it would take considerable time to
discover all the inlluences which affect
the disappearance of tone cc uiing and
gesture illustration from the ieech of
the av erage American
One of these Influences undoubtedly
is the common tradition of the Anglo
Saxon which forbids one of that blood
to show emotion Partly from actual
stolidity and Inability to express feel
ing by facial expression partly from a
stubborn dignity which tends to create
Uie feeling that the yielding to emotion
Is a weakness In itself partly It may
be from an animalism which really
makes It impossible to feel strongly in
anything not directly affecting the ani
mal nature the typical Englishman nas
a face like a wooden block so far as ex
pression Is concerned The pride of the
Norman and the sluggishness of the
Saxon have combined to create this Im
passive expression The obligation to
conceal feeling was transmitted by tra
dition to this country Its effect has
bten counteracted by the mixture with
more mercurial and impulsive races
but the admixture has not proved
strong enough In Its Influence to make
this a people of actors or remove the
Instinct of repression
Another thing which has had an in
fluence In this matter Is the advance of
civilization which has made the gen
eral subjects of conversation such as do
not lend themselves to gesturo and fa
cial contortion Among simpler peo
ples there is something dramatic in the
conversation of everyday life but with
the progtess of civilization it becomes
more and more common tu talk of
things which need words not gestures
accurate phrases not a lift of the eye
brows or a frown to make the meaning
clear Hence while the savage cheers
his men to battle with wild gesticula
tions and gyrations the civilized gen
eral gives his order In three words
standing still
false Sentiment
It Is reported that a inob Is after a
youth in Illinois because he killed a
young girl who refused to marry him
The ghl was only sixteen and her
father and brother are said to
the posse
The action of this young man Is evi
dently on of those exhibitions ot false
sentiment which crop out now and then
even In a civilized country and an en
lightened age and there is nothing
which needs to be more sternly re
pressed bv legal methods Being In Its
nature lawless It Is all the more Impoi
tant that its punishment should be by
duo process of law
There are some people who think or
affect to think that a mm who threat
ens to kill a woman unless she consents
to marry him Is Inspired by a partlcu
e rly ardent affection but It Is nothing
ot the kind In the first place it is
ficul to see in the light of cold -common
sense what a man of average Intelli
gence wants with a wife whodoes not
want him AVhen one considers that
marriage Involves not only a few days
or weeks but possibly a lifetime the
rashness of a marriage In which there
Is no love becomes quite obvious and
when the woman In question Is forced
Into the union both parties are likely
to lose a good deal by the transaction
Moreover if there is one thing in
which a girl should be allowed to have
her own way for the good of all parties
concerned It is in the matter of the
man whom she wishes for her husband
There may be a question as to her mar
rying the man she wants If she is too
young to Know her own mind or if the
mans chaiacter is objectionable in
that case a long engagement is likely
to solve the difficulty but there can be
no doubt at all of the impropriety Of
forcing htr to marry a man whoip she
does not love Half the vice and cor
ruption of history came about In pre
cisely that way Even when a loveless
marriage Is arranged by persons Inter
ested In the happiness of both parties
and zealous for their welfare it is not
likely to be a good thing but when the
only dictntor In the matter is a hot
headed and violent suitor It Is disas
trous to the last degree To repre
sent the deed of such a misguided and
ungenerous person as having anything
noble in it is mischievous As a usual
thing the culprit in the case is worse
than misguided and ungenerous- he Is
a brute To make excuses of a roman
tic and sentimental nature for such a
perfoimance is to encourage other men
with a little of the brute in their nature
to be guilty of similar deeds of v iolence
the victim being any unfortunate girl
who does not chance to respond to their
advances There Is nothing fine about
such a man at all He Is an atavistic
There Is a rumor afloat to the effect that
the Administration suspects Hussia of a
design to settle her occupation of Man
churia by- assuming or guaranteeing the
w hole Chinese Indemnity The Russian
position is said to be that Manchuria fs
nci a part of the Chinese Empire but
only connected with it through the
Manchu crown and that were the dy
nasty to be overthrown Manchuria would
again be a separate possession It is
quite possible that such an arrangement
might suit some of the Powers but cer
tainly not Japan which will have to lie
satisfied as to the future In Korea or will
be very apt to tight if not now then at
the earliest practicable opportunity
According to yesterdays European ad
vices the German press If not Govern
ment is Irritated over statements made
in American newspapers about the
amount of the Chinese Indemnity to be
demanded by Germany Berlin Journals
complain that the figures attributed to
Mr ltockhlll are greatly exaggerated and
do the country injustice There might
easily have been an error in transmis
sion but that is a matter of small mo
ment lhls Is not a time to stick at
tritles What everybody Is after Is to
see what sort of settlement finally will
lie made at Pekln The exact or relative
sum of the damages Is a secondary con
The Hon Tom L Johnson reform
Major of Cleveland OhloT has removed
loads of perturbation from the minds ot
aspiring statesmen in his own Common
wealth and oil over the country by a
frank confession that he does not Intend
to be a candidate for the Democratic
nomination for Governor nor for Presi
dent In 1991 The sap in various hopes
will now rise and bud and possibly may
bloom and flourish seasonable frosts and
Caterpillars permitting
Mr Loomls American Minister to Ven
ezuela Is understood by his friends to be
the latest martyr to the wild and man
eating interviewer He declares that he
never uttered the words put Into his
mouth by the ncwspaiicr men at San
Juan and that if the language In which
he was illeged to criticise President Cas
tro In a most personal and offensive man
ner was used by anybody it must have
been by other passengers on the
steamer We can recall many similar
instances The other papangers are
nearly always to blame for these unpleas
ant little things
errltnry tV ill Simii He AV itliont
Cnnli for Itn nxitcmtefi
HONOLULU April 9 VlaSnn Francisco
April 17 The House has killed the bill to
make the old flag of tho Hawaiian nation
a territorial emblem on the ground that
it Is not the rule for the Territories of the
United States to have flags of their own
The bill to allow ex Queen Liliunkalnnl
J120W a year as pension has two substi
tutes one proposing to give her 250 f A In
a lump sum and the other to make an
appropriation of 120 for her for the
nxt two years Most of the Independents
favor giving JKOjOO
Mr LanIng the Treasurer has made a
report which Indicates that the Territory
is running short ot funds and soon will be
without cash for current expenses The
cash balance Is now down to HCOOOO and
the running expenses are about 100000 a
month There can be no Income until
the Legislature provides some and to
day it was found necessary to suspend
some road work
United States District Judge Estcs to
day delivered his charge to the first
PedeTal grand Jury- ever called together
here He administered a scathing
the community and authorities for
permittlpg the establishment and mainte
nance of a resort known as iwalel
The Judge charged the jury to Investigate
the reports that women at Iwalel who
are nearly all Japanese are Slav is
Culm nml the Philippines
From the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune
Our position lmth in the Philippines and in
Cuba 1 one of trust for civilization To suffer
either or both of these Important region to
drift into anarchy were on our part as gross a
Lrcach of duty to oursehes and the world as
ever entired the mind of diseased denTaiogiinl
Our occupation or paramountcy in both countries
will forever rest on affection not forte on de
votion to liberty and opposition to license and
The liitllNcrt tfun of tlit IIImIioii
lrom London Tit Hits
U a certain function presided ovtr by a very
shortsighted Il1iop a young inanarrned very
late and explained that he had been detained In
attendance on his mother
Quite right sail the Hi hop no need to
apologize A mans first duty is to ids parents
I Ijope the utar old lailjr is very well Ite
rpembcr me very kindly to her and tell her I
shall drop in to tea neat Sunday if 1 can man
age it
VMien the young man liad pascd on the llishop
turned to a bystander and said That was
young Jack Stymour was it notf
No m lord wai the reply that gentleman
was the Puke of Connaught
One VIore failure
Irnin the Philadelphia Times
A little Judgment a little statesmanship a
little sympathy with popular liberty would
easily hale guided public sentiment in Cuba to
a harmonious adjustment of all present problem
and cktablhhttl the Cubans in their rightful
independente under Uie friendlv and protecting
influence of the great ltepuhlic The oppor
tunity lias l een thrown away through intercited
influence and in a narrow spirit of political
tiTsnnt and though the present
situation may work itself out in time the wrong
that lias been done tu the honor and credit of
the United Mates is irreparable lor all of
this IVesldent UcKlnlcy and the Itepublican party
are responsible
Mr CoekrellIlscniic Plntt Amend
ment At Itli the President
Senator Cockrell saw the President at
the White Hpusq yesterday nnd had a
talk with him In regard to Cuban mat
ters The Senator recently returned from
Cuba As he Is regarded as a very care
ful observer atpd conservative In his opin
ions the President was much impressed
with the views he expressed Senator
Proctor who has also been In Cuba re
cently was present when President
nnd Senator Cockrell were In consulta
tion and endorsed the opinion of Senator
Cockrell in regard to the Cuban situa
The Missouri Senator expressed the be
lief that the Cubans would ultimately ac
cept the terms of the Piatt amendment as
soon as they fully comprehend the situa
tion He said they do not now seem to
understand It Senator Cockrell holds
that the Cubans have no power to treat
diplomatically with the United States
The Cuban Constitutional Convention
exists through the agency of this Gov
ernment said Senator Cockrell and Its
only power Is to submit to this Govern
ment a plan or constitution for a repre
sentative government of the Island if
wo reject their proposal they can do
nothing but If they accept our terms
they will then have power to bo on and
organize their Government Until that Is
done In my opinion our troops cannot
be withdrawn by the President under the
provisions of the Piatt amendment
Senator Cockrell expressed the belief
however that the Cubans would even
tually agree to accept the terms of the
The action of the Cuban convention In
deciding to send a commission to Wash
ington is being considerably discussed in
official circles The opinion prevails that
the effect will be beneficial and will lead
to a thorough understanding of the situa
tion on the part of the Cubans although
It Is said that no decisive action is possi
ble The President it is pointed out has
no authority to withdraw the troops from
Cuba until the terms of the Piatt amend
ment are complied with although had he
deemed It wise to do so he could have
ordered the evacuation of the Island be
fore the passage of the amendment
All that he can do now It Is said Is to
Impress upon the Cubans the fact that It
Is not within his power either to annul
or modify- the terms and he Is not likely
to hold out much hope to them that Con
gress will do so at its next session It Is
possible that the commission may how
ever decide to make an attempt to In
duce Congress to rescind some of the re
quirements The opinion prevails among
those familiar with the conditions that
the President will be able to bring the
commissioners to a clear understanding
of affairs and that they will go home
satisfied with the Intentions of this Gov
There is a report current to the effect
that the commission will In some measure
endeavor to discredit General Wood and
attempt to secure the appointment of a
new Governor General As General Wood
will be in Washington while the Cubans
are here and will present them to the
President it is thought there will be little
opportunity Tor them to attempt any thing
to the detriment of General Av ood should
they desire to do so At any rate it is
said that any such effort would bring
about no result as both the President
and Secretary Itoot are highly satisfied
with General AV ood and his conduct of
affairs on the Island all of which have
been approved here
Plans for n More llitrlil Hmor cement
cf the IasTN
The Treasury Department Is devising a
plan for more 1gld enforcement of lha Im
migration laws on the Canadian order
For several years immigration Into the
United States by -way of Canada has been
on the Increase and the officials have rea
son to believe that the number of aliens
crossing the international boundary ille
gally has Increased In a similar ratio
The subject was dlcussed at a meeting
held In Assistant Secretary Taylors of
fice yesterday at which Secretary Gaee
T A Powderly and Mr McSneeney of
New Aork were present It Is proposed
to greatly Increase the number of Inspec
tors on the northern border so ria to guard
against Illegal entrance ot aliens Into the
The United States Immigration Service
at Quebec Canada where thousands of
immigrants laid every year Is aIo to lie
radically Improved
Vo Truth In the Iteport That It AV 111
Be Abolished
There Is no truth In the report that the
President will soon Issue a proclamation
abolishing the Porto Rlcan tariff It is
pointed out that the organic law of Por
to Illca expressly provides that the Presi
dent shall Isiue his proclamation abolish
ing the provisional tariff only after
means for raising revenue have been pro
vided hy the Legislative Assembly of the
Itliml and put Into operation and the
President notlhed by resolution enacted by
the Legislative Assembly
This of course forbids the President to
abolish the existing Porto Rlcan tariff
until all the requirements of the organic
law In respect to it have been complied
with The means for raising revenue has
been provided in the Hollander bill but
this measure will not go Into effect until
July 1 It will then be necessiry for the
Legislature to meet and adopt the resolu
tion notifying tho President that an ade
quate tariff system Is In operation The
Legislature assembles only at the call of
the Governor and It Is learned that it will
probably not bewailed together until Octo
ber so that there Is little prospect that
the present Porto Rlcan tariff will be abol
ished until nearly the end of the current
calendar year The organic law provided
that if the Legislature did not enact a new
tariff law the present tarlfT should cease to
exist in March m
Ilniin fiir the Cntlicrliifi In Acvs lurk
City Toiilulit
NKW AORIC April 17 It was an
nounced today hat the Carnegie Hall
meeting of Democrats opposed to Tam
many Hall which will be held tomorrow
evening would be called together by Wil
liam Hepburn Russell Ex Surrogate
Rastus S Ilarfaom will be the permanent
presldlrg officer and the principal speech
will he made by Peter II Olney An ad
dress to the public will be Issued
In addition to the executive committee
men to lie electcil by the district organi
zations the following are expected to
serve In the central governing body
E Ullery Anderson Perry Belmont
Thomas F Keating John L Pance Mr
Random exSfnitor Jacob A Cantor ex
AsscmblymaanPeres M Stewart and John
JJevvitt wunier
IiiuhI HIkIiIs
ilrom the llaltlmorc Sun
The eonuhdation of labor is quite as logical a
development of our economic sistcm as the con
solidation of ownership The trust has the im
mense advantage aheady of controlling all the
material it ui es and the equipment which is re
quired for converting this material Into the
finished product W briber by reason of this a
It is stronger than the labor organiza
tions time aloue will show A strike involving
lialf a million ran would he a very serious mat
ter It would cause suffering among the strikers
and tl ose dependent upou them On the other
hand the trust could not hope to emerge un
scathed from such a conflict It might win
hut undoubtedly it would be at considerable cost
It would make enemies for itself in the ranks
of organized labor and it would strengthen
the hands of thoe who are hostile to it on
economic grounds
Mot So AVI tli Jlninin
rrom the Albany rgui
Mai or Tom L Johnson of Cleveland says in
Ids sworn expense account that his election cost
him nlv Vnother Cleveland resident can
testify that no such bargain counter rates pre
vail in the negotiation ut Ohio Scqatorshiua
The Lsnfoii nnd the Garonne Dr
Inyeil by Storm nml Sickness
SAN FIIANCISCO April 17 The Occi
dental nnd Oriental steamship Doric ar
rived today from China bringing the wel
come news of tho safety of the overdue
transports tiaronne and Law ton She was
followed a few hours later by the I aw ton
Both vessels had had smallpox aboard
Tho Doric was quarantined for several
hours and the Lawton was tied up for the
night no communication being allowed
with her The Doric brought only one pas
senger of distinction Gen Leonirde DAr
tamanoff late chief of staff of the Itus
slan forces in Manchuria
The Garonne having on board the
Twenty -sixth Infantry put into Honolulu
on April S for coal After leaving Naga
saki to proceed to San Francisco by the
northern route she encountered extreme
ly severe weather and heavy seas in lati
tude 41 and was obliged to He to for
several hours In buffeting this storm
she exliausted her coal supply to such an
extent that It was recessary to replenish
it at Honolulu
The Lawton arrived at Honolulu April
7 with two Cases of smallpox aboard She
was not allowed to come to the wharf
but was quarantined In the harbor and
the two patients removed to Quarartlne
Island She was coaled by lighters and no
communication was allowed with the
shore The patients were a commissioned
officer anil a Government surgeon The
disease Is supposed to have been con
tracted at Manila
Lieutenant Courtney was left at Naga
saki on account of illness nnd since the
appearance of the cases on the steamer
en route it is thought Courtney may have
had the same disease
The Lawton brings twenty seven officers
nnd 68 men of the Thirty -ninth Infantry
Up to the time the Doric left Honolulu
the transport Itosecrans due at that port
had not appeared
The anxiety of the AVar Department of
ficials over the non arrival at San Fran
cisco of the overdue transport Garonne
was relieved late yesterday by a telegraph
ic report from Major Long depot quarter
master at San Francisco that the steam
ship Doric which arrived there yesterday
had lert the Garonne coaling at Honolulu
April 10 The Garonne left Manila on
March 9 and was due at Sin Francisco
April 9 She carries the Twenty -sixth
unteer Infantry wnlcn was organized at
Plattsburg Iiarrachs N Y and in New
England Major Long said that the
Garonne had run short- of coal and had
gone out of her way 1500 miles to Hono
lulu to replenish her hunkers
Major Long said alo that the Doric re
ported that the transport Lawton with re
turning volunteers naa leu xmuuiuiu
three days In advance of the Doric with
three cases of smallpox on board He ex
pressed the Intention to fumigate the Law
ton on her arrival and send her back to
Manila Immediately
The despatch contained the additional in
formation that nothing had been heard by
the Doric of the transport Itosecrans
w hlch is three or four day s behind her
schedule time of arrival at San Francisco
The Ilniin Pormulnteil for Killing
Mosquitoes In Ilnvnnn
Surgeon General Sternberg yesterday
approved the draft of an order to be pro
mulgated by the Chief Surgeon In Havana
for protection against yellow fever and
preventing lta dissemination by mosqui
toes The order says
The recent experiments made In
Havana by the Medical Department of
the Army- having proved that yellow
fever like malarial fever is conveyed
chiefly and probably exclusively by the
bite of infected mosquitoes important
changes in the meus ires used for the
prevention and treatment of this disease
have become necessary
So far as yellow fever Is concerned
Infection of a room or building simply
means that it contains Infected mosqui
toes that Is mosquitoes which have fed
on yellow fever patients Disinfection
therefore means the employment of
measures aimed at the destruction of
these mosquitoes The most effective of
these measures Is fumigation either with
sulphur formaldehyde or insect powder
The fumes of sulphur are the quickest
and the most effective insecticide but are
otherwise objectionable Formaldehyde
gai Is quite effective If the Infected rooms
are kept closed and sealed for two or
three hours The smoke of Insect powder
has also been proved useful It readily
stupefies mosquitoes which drop to the
floor and cal then be easily destroyed
The washing of walls Iloors ceilings
and furniture with disinfectants is un
As itHs been demonstrated that yel
lowifever cannot be conveyed by fomitles
such as bedding clothing effects and
baggage they need not be subjected to
any special disinfection Care should be
taken however not to remove them from
the infected rooms until after formalde
hyde fumigation so that they may not
harbor any infected mosquitoes
Medical officers taking care of yellow
fever patients need not be isolated they
can attend other patients and associate
with non imtnunes with perfect safety to
the garrison Nurses and attendants
taking care of yellow fever patients shall
remain Isolated so as to avoid any possi
ble danger of their conveying mnsqultuc3
from patients to nnn Immunes
The Infection of mosquitoes is most
likely to occur during the first two or
three days of the disease Ambulast
cases that Is patients not ill enough to
take to their beds and remain unsuspected
and unprotected are probably those jnost
responsible for the spread of the disease
It is therefore essential that all fever
cases shall be at once Isolated and so
protected that no mosquitoes can possibly
get access to them until the nature of
tho fever Is positively determined
Each post shall have a reception
ward for the admission of all fever cases
and an isolation ward for the treatment
of cases which prove to be yellow fever
Each ward shall be made mosquito proof
bv wire netting over doors nnd
windows a ceiling of wire netting
at a height of seven feet above
the floor and mosquito bars over
the beds There should be no place in It
where mosquitoes can seek refuge not
readily accessible to the nurse Roth
wards can be In the same building pro
vided they are separated by a mosquito
tight partition
All persons coining from an infected
locality to a post shall be kept under care
ful observation until the completion of
five diys from the time of the possible
Infection either In a special detention
camp or In their own quarters in either
case tncir temperature should be taken
twice a day during th ir period of ob
servation so that those who develop yel
low fever may be placed under treatment
at the very Inception of the disease V
1 lie Trolley In London
rrom the london Daily Mall
Loridiii vesttrda went in crowds to try its new
electric trams Thursdays passengers are said
to have numbered about 100 0jx yesterdays proli
ahly reached nearer 150000 Half a dozen ailli
tional cars were init on in the afternoon mak
ing fifty eight in all and giving a cme an 1-one-half-minute
service On VIon lay the number is
hkelv to be increased to seventy or eighty
hadi car carries sixty -nine passengers Acs
terday it often carried many more notwithstand
ing that the company had a svnitd of stalwarts
stationed at esrh IrntiitiiK In ttn tfril nir
crowding In the afternoon the manager had toj
telegrapli lor more since it was inqiosMblc to
keep the people from pushing their way in long
alter the proper accommodation liad been ex
Passengers seemed o regard the new trams
as a sort of swittlilsick The Shepherds Rush
terminus was a sight to see The roait was al
most clogged with iico le Those who were them
selves nit getting on or off stayed to look at
those who were
Fools Alts ny n Present
From the Chicago Tribune
I should think youd vary the wording -once
in awhile of these confidential letters you send
out remarked the silent partner Vou have
been using this same form for the last ten years
and the public mubt be pretty well onto It by this
Whats the use of doing lhati said the ac
tive member ofthe green goods firm s long
as the gudgeons are biting well we dont need
to change the halt
President Tell OUlnliomnns He
AA 111 Be Appointed
A delegation of residents of Oklahoma
Territory called upon the President yester
day in the interests of Governor ttarnes
who is a candidate for reappointment In
the party w ere A II Houston J C Fos
ter Dr Southard Dr GAA Sutton Charles
Benson Charles McGraw Amos Ewlng
and J C Strong These gentlemen spent
nearly an hour with tho President and
stronglv urged that Governor Barnes be
allowed to continue In office for another
The President however Informed the
delegation frankly that he had decided
to name AVilllam E Jenkins -of Guthrie
the presont Secretary of the Territory to
succeed Governor Barnes Both men are
residents of the Territory and although
there Ir considerable factional rivalry the
fight between the two candidates Is not
upon this score
Mr Jenkins Is however a native of Can
ton Ohio nnd the President has known
him for a long time It Is said that this
doubtless Influerced Mr McKlnley some
what in deciding In Mr Jenkins favor
The official announceent of Mr Jenkins
selection Is expected within a few days
although Governor Barnes term does not
expire until May 17 The delegation did
not leavethe President with any III feel
ing aitnougn mucn uisappointeu em
bers of the party assured Mr McKlnley
that the appointment ot Mr Jenkins
would be well received and that he would
not bo antagonized or opposed by Gov
ernor Barnes or his friends
bsrnee of Plsjcne Cases ot Krl
ilence of 2on lnfectIon
HAVANA April 17 Regarding the pro
test ot the Uruguayan Government
against the delay to Uruguayan vessels
at Cuban ports Dr Glcnnon Chief Sur
geon of the Marine Hospital Service say 3
that the vessels either come from districts
on the River Platte where there are cases
of plague or their cargoes ot beef come
from infected districts
The voyage to Cuba takes from forty
to fifty days for sailing vessels and
though no case of plague has broken out
on them Dr Glennon holds that this does
not prove that the vessels are not In
fected as the rats on board If they are
not killed on the arrival of the vessels In
Cuba might easily carry the Infection
He says that the rats may be Infected
and nobody on the vessels know It
The rats are killed here by pumping the
vessels full of sulphur fumes which takes
about two days
AVelsli Methodists tse IncIUh
If They So Desire
AVILKESBARRE Pa April 17 Bishop
Charles Towler of the AVyomlng Confer
ence today handed down a decision say
ing that the pastor of a AAelsh Methodist
church in this country can preach in Eng
lish or AAelsh as he pleases
The case was that of Rev II P Mor
gan of the First AVelsh M E Church of
this city He preached one service each
Sunday in AVelsh and one In English-
Some of the trustees who wanted both
services in Welsh locked him out of the
church Finally the case was carried to
the courts and the pastor received pos
session of the church again but the right
to preach as he liked was referred to the
In his decision today the Bishop ap
proves the expulsion of the offending
trustees and says there must be no Inter
ference with the pastors The several ex
pelled are not to be allowed In church
without the pastors permission and are
to have no voice In the business of the
The Mississippi Illser Commission
CliCM to Sonth 1rsn
NEW ORLEANS April 17 -The Missis
sippi River Commission arrived here yes
terday and last night started for South
Pass for the inspection of the Jetties
This is the first time the Jetties have been
visited bv the committee which will make
an investigation of the depth and width
of the channels
This Is due to the fact that the jetties
have passed under Government control
and that the dredge boat Beta belonging
to the committee and lent by it to the
United States engineers is now engaged
in dredging the channel through the pass
es and trying to keep It open and of the
required draft until the Government can
complete Its dredge boat
The committee reports that It found the
Mississippi River levees in good condi
tion and able to withstand the high water
except In two places at Lake Providence
and Kemps La The failure of the Riv
er and Harbor bill renders It impossible
to give more than 25000 from the emerg
ency fund nnd the balance needed to pre
vent crevasses will have to be raised by
the levee districts and the planters of the
The committee expresses the opinion
that in consequence ot the cessation of
levee work this year due to the failure
of the River and Harbor bill the levees
will be In a very poor condition to stand
the Hood next year
Programme of the Ccrcmonleis
at lliiffnlo on Alny 1
BUFFALO N A April 17 The pro
gramme for opening day at the Exposi
tion two weeks from today provides for a
parade from the city hall to the Exposi
tion grourds at 10 JO oclock The Womens
Board of Managers will meet In the
AVomens Building and the ceremonies at
the grounds will begin by a flight of
carrier pigeons announcing the opening of
the fair
This will be followed by a meeting In
the Temple of Music where seats have
been prov ided for 1000 guests The num
bers on the programme include music by
unjted bands a prayer an address by
John G Mllburn President of the Expo
sition music by a male chorus a poem
written by Frederick Almy an address
by Mayor Dichl the starting of machin
ery at 2 oclock in the afternoon by the
President and the reading of messages
lhe exercises will close with the benedic
tion and the singing of America by the
Orpheus Singing Society nnd the audience
President McKlnley will open the gttes
of the Pan American lsxpositlou on May
1 by pressing a button nt Vlcksburg Miss
He will be on his way to New Orleans
and the Pacific Coast but the spec ii
train will stop for two hours at Alcks
burg on the morning of the 1st of M ly
The special committee from Buffalo ap
pointed to make the final arrangements
for Mr McKlnley s visit to the Pan
American Exposition had a confen nee
with the President yestenlav It was ar
ranged that the President and party shall
vilt the Exposition on June 13 and tho
occasion will be known as Presidents
The Chinese Iiiili miiity
lYom the Chicago Tribune
ir Robert Hart the Collector of yfantiirc
Customs for the Chinese impire undoubtedly has
valid grounds for saving that China cannot piy
lo0so000 Tlie exacting of such an indemnity
would probably lead to failure in payment ant
then the next step would be the dismeinhenuent
of the Lmpire The forcing of railroads and
foreign manufactures into China has already
caused serious economic disturlamcs Gen J 11
Wilson calls attention to the fact that the mere
introduction of Vmoricau and Lnglish cotton
cloth has thrown hundreds of thousand If not
millions of Chinese men and women out of em
ployment and ciilscd whhprrad kufferlhg Tlicso
economic cbai cs arc inevitable hut it Is not
necessary to ad I tn them the lsirk brcakiug
taxation that would go with an excessive war in
jp t
Chosen the Head of the Xntlonal
Academy of Science
Alexander Agasslz of Cambridge
Mass was yesterday morning elected
President of the National Academy of
Science which is holding its annual ses
sion at the National Museum In this city
The office was rendered vacant one year
ngo by the resignation of Dr Walcott
Glbbs of Newport R L Prof Agosslx
was formerly foreign secretary of tha
academy Prof Ira Remsen who was
home secretary was elected to that po
sition yesterday The vacancy In the of
fice of home secretary will be filled thin
The attendance
yesterday was some
what larger than that on Tuesday Tho
first business was the election of officers
This election Included the selection of
additional members of the council which
Is composed of all the officers ot the
academy and six members The follow
ing members were elected to serve In
the council during the ensuing year J S
Billings New Tork If p Bowdltch
Boston G J Brush New Haven S P
Langley Washington Arnold Hague
AVashlngton and Simon Newcorab V S
N Washington
News of the death of Henry A Row
land of Johns Hopkins University a
member of the academy was communi
cated to the academy and occasioned gen
eral expressions of regret- Thomas C
Mendenhall and S P Langley were ap
pointed a committee to attend the funer
al which will take place In Baltimore to
day at noon This Is the first time that
a member of the academy has died during
an annual session of that body
A communication was received from tho
Engineers Society of AVestern New York
inviting tho members of the academy to
mako their headquarters at the rooms
of the society when visiting the Pan
American Exposition
Applications for membership will be
considered this morning-
The afternoon session was public and
was given ovpr to the reading and dis
cussion of papers by members of the
Last night the members of the academy
were the guests of honor at a lecture
delivered by Prof Alpheus Hyatt of Bos
ton Mass In the lecture hall of the
School of Comparative Jurisprudence and
Diplomacy of Columbian University The
subject of Prof Hyatts lecture was A
New Law of Evolution
Later In the evening the members of
the academy were received by Mrs
Phoebe Hearst at her heme HOD New
Hampshire Avenue The reception was
given in honor of Mrs Nuttall who has
recently returned to AVashlngton from an
extended visit In Russia A large num
ber of prominent AVashlngton people were
present- The members of the academy
who attended were Cleveland A Abbe
AVashlngton Henry L Abbot U S A
New York Alexander Agasslz Cam
bridge Mass J Asaph Allen Curator of
the American Museum New York
Charles E Beecher of Yale University
New Haven Conn Franz Boaz of Co
lumbia University New York Lewis
Boss Albany N A Henry P Bowdltch
Jamaica Plain Mass AVilllam II Brew
er Director of the Harvard Medical
School Cambridge Mass Charles F
Chandler New Aork AVilllam H J3ail
AVashlngton AV G Tarlow of Harvard
University Cambridge Mass Theodore
N Gill AVashlngton Arnold Hague
United States Geological Survey AVash
lngton Asaph Hall Harvard University
Cambridge Mass George II AA Hill
West Nyack N Y Alpheus Hyatt Cu
rator of the Boston Society of Natural
History Samuel P Langley Washing
ton Thomas C Mendenhall President of
the Worcester Polytechnic Institute of
AAorcester Mass i Charles S Mlnot Har
vard Medical School Cambridge Mass
Edward AV Morley Adelbert College
Cleveland Ohio Edward S Morsev Pea
body Academy of Science Salem Mass
bimon Newcomb U S N Washington
H F Osborn Columbia University New
Aork S L Fenfleid Yale University
New Haven Conn John AV Powell Di
rector of the Bureuu of Ethnology AVash
lngton Frederick W Putnam Director
Peabody Museum Cambridge Mass Ira
Remsen Johns Hopkins University Bal
timore Charles D Walcott Director Geo
logical Survey Washington Edmund B
vvilson of Columbia University New
York Carl Barus Providence Jt I C
Billings New Aork George J Brush
New Haven R H Chittenden New Ha
ven Albert E Micheison Chicago AV IL
AVelch Baltimore and R S AVoodward
New York
Aess Aork Ilnslness Men Confer A Ith
the President
A committee of representative business
men and manufacturers of New York saw
the President yesterday in regard to
establishing a Government transport line
from the metropolis through the Suez
Canal to Manila and the Far East The
statement Is made that the vast supplies
amounting to 6 010 tons a month are now
conveyed In the ships of two foreign lines
It Is asserted that these goods can as
well be carried In the transports which
the Government now owns if such a line
zz proposed is established The Gov
ernment owns the docks and wharfage
necessary and it Is stated that a large
number of men employed upon these will
be rendered idle unless a Government line
of transports Is established The Presi
dent Is said to look with favor upon tho
In the delegation were Col C F Homer
Charles A Moore AVilllam E Dickey E
A Johl D II Ralston and several others
Ciimpflre of Ve tentnx nt the Crnnd
Vrnij Hull
Lincoln Post No 3 held Its regular
monthly meeting last night in the G A
R building on Pennsylvania Avenue be
tween Fourteenth and Fifteenth Streets
northwest After the transaction of the
routine business the doors were opened
and a campfire was held The Invited
guests were the Womans Relief Corps
No S and Lincoln Camp Sons of Aeter
The speeches of the evening were de
voted to the life character and services
of Lincoln both as President of the
United States and as a private citizen
Each speaker was liberally applauded
The campfire was presldeel over by O H
Oldroyse Chairman of the Entertainment
Committee who acted as toastmaster
and Introduced the following speakers I
AV Stone commander of the Department
of the Potomac George Smith Post Com
mander Lincoln Post No S M T Ander
son Post Department Commander De
partment of the Potomac John S AAal
ker Senior Alce Commander Lincoln
Post No 3 L P AVilllams Post Senior
Alce Commander Department of the Po
tomac J R Hais anil S S Lincoln of
Lincoln Post No 3 The campllre con
cluded with refreshments and a reception
oenior v ice uepanment commander
B r
Itenovntlons nt Windsor
from the Lomlon Chronicle
Tlie rooms at Windsor Castle are to be com
pletely rearranged to meet the wishes of the
king and Juecn Ml thefurmture Is to be thor
oughlv overhauled nnd brought up to elate and
it is expected tliat the ialace will he in the
lunds of the Office ot Works for nearly a year
During this time the King ami court will take
up their residence at rmgmore when in Wind
sor The King and IJueen are to occupy rooms
used ly the Ihiches of Kent at rrevutore
House which bv command of her Majesty
Queen ictona lure hern kept almost sacredly
private since the demise of the duchess n IbGl
The furniture in thesr rooirs has leen replaceel
by some very handsome suites Tills is not the
first time tliat the king and Vuren hare resided
In Iroginorc for it was here that the lafe Duke
of larenct was l oni ut lstfl som 0 their
majesties attendants will be quartered In
House and others in the adjoining cot
tages one ot which is still occupied by the
Vlunshi HaRz bdul Kariin and his wife who
are shortly returning to India
Airnlust Odda
Front the Chicago
Why didnt you send for me sooner said
the doctor to a patient who was almost lit the
Jumping off place
Well iloctor rrpllcsl the invalid voif sec
it fuuk me u longtime to make up my mind t9
do anything desperate
- I

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