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Raftsman's journal. [volume] (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, October 18, 1854, Image 1

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NO. 16.
. fi II I I T J A A. ,v , - - L I
' . -: ;-.-. - : v. n '.". !' '' ' . r- '. come and take me ih vivier. m
Wedatslay, October If, 1854
i- --...-..-.; k . Notice. .
An eroneons impression has got abroad that
,11. Biciier Swoon, Esq." has abandoned the
! legal - profession,: and is now devoting his
whole time to the editorial chair of this paper,
The Journal occupies but' a small portion of
his attention, and all those who have profes
sional business with him, ; will find him ready
and willing to attend to it, by calling atHiis
office two doors East of the Journal office, u p
stairs, in Graham's Row. , i-
The absence of the Publisher, together
with a very natural desire to rest a little after
the labors of an exciting political contest,
must be onr . excuse for' issuing a half-sheet,
this week. Hereafter we shall issue our pa
per as usual, only giving more than the usual
variety of interesting matter. .
r Wc understand that the impression has got
Abroad that the Journal was only intended to
last during the late' .campaign, and that it is
about to be. stopped.' - We beg leave to assure
our friends that such is not the case, and we
have no doubt the report has been circulated
for the purpose of injuring the paper, by pre
venting persons from, subscribing.' The Jowr-
. nal was purchased, and started by a joint stock
company who are' fully able to keep it up, and
.. there need Ins no fears whatever of, its discon
tinuance. --"We intend to exert onrselvesmore
than ever to publish a first rate ' paper,: and
hould we receive the necessary encouragei
ment, we will, ere long, enlarge it to seven or
eight columns. .. No exertion will be spared
to make it one of the best county papers in
- the State.' r-ky.t i io f. ,i f ,
It seems there is a discrepency between the
official returns of this county as certified to
Harrisburg, and as. they stand upon the Re
cord. - Bigler's majority as certified is 240, as
it 6tanda here it is 2C0. From the represen
tations made we presume the latter is corret,
and therefore, we so publish it. His former
majority was 736,. making a difference of 476.
This, in his own county, is a most triumphant
victory for the friends of Pollock, and we
have no doubt, had we been fighting against a
citizen of some other-portion of the Statewc
would have carried the county, by a large ma
jority. A large number voted for Gov. Bigler
through personal motives alone. ' In fact, this
was the manner in: which the leaders here
sought to conduct the campaign. They avoid
ed principles, and used all their powej to get
up a piradnal feeling, and wherever they went
claimed the support of the people of the county
lor Gov. Bigler, as one of their fellow citizens
representing : the honor Clearfield wtfs t fe
eeive from having furnished a Governor t,wo
successive terms, .with other arguments of
equal callibre
VTe congratulate our fellow
. -citizens," o
tnc, . triuumpbant success, . , in
. ,' The News. '
The news from Europe are far from exciting
The expedition to the Crimea had succeeded
in landing, and the transports returned to Var
na to bring up 14000 additional troops, which,
when landed, would make the total) number in
' the Crimea ,720O0'- They " haVe' marched , on
towards Sebastopol. .- The ;aflair is slowly ap
, preaching a crisis. . 1'- ' ' ,',
' The : batteries j o Odessa are . reported, to
! hare been bombarded, but with what success
is not kmowniT The'' French fleet ! In the Baltic
has been ordered to; return to France.. ..The
allies .have decided that neither Sweaburg nor
Cronstadtshall be attacked 'this wini.er'j' jf .
The splendid ironstCam ship, City of Phila
delphia; : which sailed from Liverpool on the
29, ult, on her first trip, wdth ix handrcd pas-
, sengers on board, struck on a rock off cape
. Race, and soon became a total wreck. The
passengers escaped. . The catastrophe is at
tributed to the disarrangement 61" the compas-'
ses. 'Of the six on board,'no two' r.greed," ow
ing to the attraction of the material of which
the vessel was composed.
The tnagnifjeent steam ship Arctic, came in
colisioo svitlx a propeller bmk,- supposed to be
the 'Charity of Montreal and sprung a leak,
which soon caused her to. go down.' ..The
passengers and crew-, took to th boats, and a
raft which had been constructed. A large
number of passengers were drowned, and.the
.. late cf aom Ja yf uncertain. A number xt
vessels have seen sent to the- scene of the dis
aster, in the hp of picking np passengers
afloat on portion 0f the wreck. V 4
The Loctd'oco. papers are filled with long
windy, and labored articles, attempting to ac
count for, their recent' unparalleled defeat.
They attribute it almost unanimously, to the
"Know-Nothings," now as evei,af tempting to
disguise and conceal the real Issues involved
in the contest. It is perhaps' true that:, the
"Know-Nothings,'! as they are called, voted
for Judge Pollock, yet it is equally true,
as is shown by the yotei of Mr, . Beard, that
of themselves it would have been impossible
to elect him. ' . ' ' - . ' '
There were many and various considerations
to influence those who cast their votes forjudge
Pollock, prominent among which was the
design to rebuke the National Administration,
not only for its wanton and unholy violation of
a sacred covenant between sister States,' by
which the source of the bitterest sectional agi
tation that ever has or will disturb the harmo
ny of our republic, was re-opened, but also for
its utter fmbecility arid 'corruption, 'and, its
truckling to sectarian bigotry and intolerance,
as manifested by the appointment of McKeon,
Campbell, and consuls and ministers ad infini
tum. In addition to this, there was the desire
to decrease the public debt,, and diminish the
burthen of taxation by procuring the sale of
the Public Works, and introducing into the
Government a more economical management
of the State finances. : ", ' ' ' '
The large increase of the public debt under
Gov. Bigler's administation,and the fact, more
apparant now than ever, that the Public Works
are annually sinking thousands upon thous
ands of dollars, justly alarmed the . tax-paj-ers
of the Commonwealth, and roused them to a
sense' of their own interests. To these mav
also be added the strong determination, mani
fested by all portions of -our people "to' titter a
distinct and positive, declaration of hostilit v'td
a division of the Common School Fund' for
sectarian purposes. J ;.. . '
.( But still stronger than all these was the deep
rooted American sentiment that pervades the
hearts of our people, and which will ever speak
in thunder tones' against aDj party that bids
for a sectarian' and foreign vote.' ' The issue
was most distinctly made by the Democratic
party themselves. ; They,boJdly charged the
Whigs with being in alliance with a "secret j
oath-bound society whose, object was a gross
invasion of the constitutional privileges of a
certain sect or class. They charged thcfai
with attempting to . disfranchise 'naturalized
American citizens, without a shadow of ne
cessity or reason. They raised this hue and cry
for the express purpose of concealing the 'real
and vital issues involved, and of securing ' for
their candidates the support to bo derived from
this degrading appeal to prejudice and . bigot
ry, to the "baser passions of the heart,'' to
the "superstition t &c, engendered in the
minds of the ignorant, the weak, and the tim
id." Having thus rested their cause upon
this issue, and this issue alone, it had the ef
fect to array the members of a particular sept,
and the adopted citizens, against the Ameri
cans at the polls, and to engender a feeling of
resistance which otherwise would never have
existed, or at least would, only have existed
to a limited extent. .,:( .... .:
The defeat of the Lofoco party, then, upon
this issue, clearly demonstrates that any at
tempt to introduce a foreign element, as such
into. the party politics of this country, will
ever be met with the stern, unyielding, and
unanimous opposition of native, , born Ameri
cans. While we are perfectly w illing to give'
to foreigners all the civil and religious rights
guaranteed to them by our Constitution ami
laws, we arc yet jealons of our American in
stitutions, and ican never consent to place
adopted citizens in improper relations to the
government, be their prejudices and opinions
what they may. The result of the late election
demonstrates, the belief of a large-majority of
our people in the sentiment, that "Americans
born, should rule America." : ' ' -
-.-But it is over-r-tbe contest .is decided, ,the
people have again asserted ' their sovereignty
over their servants, through the. ballot-box, by
vindicating ..their American , sentiments,
and the great conservative principles of their
government. There is, indeed; somthing tru
ly grand and imposing in a whole people' ex
ercising the right of suffragevand the mindrirv
"bowing without murhiur to the will1 '6f fhe
majority. The shadow xf our glorious Repub
lic looms large over the earth, j It; has sprung
from the mighty forrests of the New WorM,s
the, warrior goddess of antiquity sprung armed
from the earth, to throw a gloom over crum
bling dynasties, and in the evening of their:
aay, to point to tne sun-nsmg of a glorious to
morrow. . . . -
We are not yet able to ?ay whether Mr. Cald
well is elected or not. There is a strong pro
bability, however, that he is successful. If the
report is true that he Las 157 majority ia Elk,
it secures his election tryond all doubt. CWe
sincerely hope it may be so. Whcil'cr he is
defeated or not, it is tin eternal t!e?th blow to
Locofoco Know Nothingism in tliH cour.fr; '
Left the Party. Col. Reah Fkaxeb, the
Lancaster Democratic War Horse," made a
speech at the Whig Jubilee, in that city, con
gratulating his fellow-citizens on the defeat of
Governor Bigler. m . : wtui. v.-L V-n?
J; The Eesult in this County." . ; '
"If we compare the result , in this "county.
with that of the rest of the Democratic coun
ties in the'Statep and, particularly those imtHC
aiatejy adjoining ns, we certairrfy-have" gre:
reason to rejoice. ' With the . 12 "Natives,"
who voted for Bradford, and could never have
been induced to vote for Bigler, we have cut
down the. Democratic majority, iu their candi
date's own countv, from semi hundred and
thirly-tix to fifty-tight ; and this too when they
claimed, before the election, one thousand! '
i :ln looking back over the eumpatgn, we have
the proud gratification that no member of our
party 's.'oned to conquer." Not a single act
presents itself to cause a feeling of regretbut
the whole contest . .was conducted, on the part
of the" friends of Judge Pollock, with a high
regard for the"character of his opponent, ono1
of our fellow citizens, and in a manner that re
flects credit upon those inte'rested. No advan-
tage was taken or sought, no documents were
circulated, no money ! wasSiseI nothing ijfas
done unfairly to defeat Gov. Bigler. . His offi
cial acts were canvassed, and his principles
discussed, .and if his friends saw proper to lenvd
these undefended, while they directed their
entire , attention to an imaginary foe, it was
their fault, not ours..
The causes of Gov. Bigler's repudiation by
his own comity, are manifest. It is not the:
efi'ect of "Know Nothingism," as our demo
cratic trieuds are so ready to believe. Apart
from the great principles involved in the con
test, and the measures of State policy, there
were local questions which will, in a great
measure, account for the result in Clearfield
County. . The people believed that Gov. Big
ler had failed to fulfil promises made by him,
and for . him three years ago. It was then
faithfully promised that if he should be elect
ed, the raftsmen of the West Branch should
receive an appropriation to clear out and re
move the obstacles from the bed ot their river.
But not only was no appropriation ever obtain
ed, but no effort was ever made by the Gover
nor to accomplish it. If it was not within his
power, the promise should never have been
made, and so the pcojde regarded it, in all
portions of the Couuty,1 " , 1. ; . -
. Another question which affected him, inthe,
upper end of the county; was hifailing toful
fil the promise made for- him three years ago,
that he would obtain for the people of that re
gion a now county, to be called Pinei ; It Was
most unequivocally promised, in New Wash
ington, three years ago, that if Gov. Bigler
should lie. elected, .they should have Pine
County, ' Wc may trace the cause here, not in
"Know Nothingism,"- why Judge Pollock
had a gain of 107 votes in Burnside township
These are some of the rea.sonsjvhy Gov. Big
ler 'received the unkiudest cut of all' from
the people of his own County, aud though he
may be ""a great and good man, one whose
conduct through life is without sjot or blem
ish," he has been cut down, not through "niis-
representaion, treachery, and the defection :of
trusted friends," but because he failed to ful
fil his promises, because he stood upon a plat
Jorm ;of principles antagonistic, to pure Amer
icanism, and because he endorsed a measure
loathsome to the heart and mind of everv free
man. He was "cut down'" because he was the
candidate of a party, the leaders of which truc
cled to sectarianism and foreign influence, be
cause his appointments were made in the very
teeth of. the myority of his fellow citizens,
1 Dist. T. B. Florence. Deniocrt ' '
i 3
' 3
5 '
Job. K. Tyson, Whig. . . :..
Wm. Milward, Whig. ' "-'j
Jacob Broome, American. V :
Nathan L; Jones, Whig.
J. Hickman, American Dem.1
Wm. C. Bradshaw, Ani.: Wliig.;
J. Glanc Jones, Democrat.
. A-unKel, Am. Whig. -;
J.; H. Campbell, Whig,
... II. Ml Fuller, Am. Whig
Asa Packer, Democrat.- "
1 1 -.
. , G. A. Grow, Free Soil l)em..K !!
J. J.'Pearce,1 American Dem. 1 "
Lemuel ToddAmeHcah' TJenV.''
15 ;
.A7;.:"; FRobison,,Am. Whigv! ll a
18:. John R. Edie, Am. Whig.1 - ' w L
'19 'John CavtleJ Am. -tri.lf
11: -;
-0 " John Kniehtj Am. TThio.
21 . David Ritche, Am.(Whig.
22 rS- X Purviance, Am,' Whig , 'm i
23 John Allison, Am: Whig. '
24 r "'.: David Barclay, AmDem,1;',. ..',u
25; u John Dick, Whig,. od? 3-
'Jlnti-ITebraska Jlfen. K" " , :
!,.,:RKCAFrrUI.AT10Jf." :
WJllgS . iH'.-4 I Demdorata o
American Whigs 12 American Democrats 4
mencan . ... 1 Nebraska Democrats 2
. .. Prohibitory Liquor Law: ' '
Wc are unable to tell, from . the returns we
have received, whether the Inhibitory Law is
defealc.-I or rietoriouc. We have BtiU reason
to Lope it has been carried, though the returns
lrom some of the counties look eloomv. We
will be able to give the official vote in our next.
We have carried Ohio by 60,000, and Indi-
ditt'fi''.'- J-'' ' !' ' ' - '
', 1854.
'.' 1 - '? ! f- j - ! i i ; : - . ; .;;-.
Adams ! 2472 ' 1945 7' -"'
Allegheny ' ' 5S3:- 6500 - L'
Armstrong 2181 . ' ' 2472 -- ,: :" -i.'
Jicavcr I9'j2 - 191ii ' - 800 ' :
ISclford 22W 22U2
Ikrks - 4721 9 I.Sri ! " ; '' 3.W0
lilair 22J5 1704 1500
Bucks ' 525$ '54S.S ; 100 ' .
Hutler - 27.S2 2-".:W 520 - -
Jirutiford ' -3050 MJH JPW "100
Caiubria-:- 12-W , . ', j i 1765 .... ... jj Boo
CarLou . 767 i . W74 , . i 100
Centre- lni.i 2J74 -; 649 ; .
Chester: 6350. ; 5350 -, lolMj . . -
Clarion ; -1351 ...2iLsJ,. : . .;I58
Clearfield IW2, ;; . m 2G0
Cliuton 9t '; 1200. ; 300 ---:
Columbia 1021 201 . .: . 300
Crtiwtord : 2933 , 3192 i "! - 500 v:
Cumberland 29ao 3141 . 1000 :
l'Huphiu 3o9'J 2690 1800
lclawar . 2117 i, ,,..,1594 . ,.i 750 .
Llk ; 154 .-405-: - .'.-HOy i.;
trie !"! 3ol0 . 2110 500
Fayette . r: 2o2- 3179 i 753 . : -
Franklin 37S2 - 32:W 1100
Fultou 705 t49 ... -r - - j
Forrest :. ... -f
lutliaua , .
Jeill'iTsou v
Ijiwreuce .
. 1 7 j2
,t 120
.; 1079
073 '
22001 .
, 3ti
' 191!
: 16M
' 21S2
' 5733 '
LU0 ,
Montgomery 491
Montour W
Northampton 2027
Northumla'd 162S
Perry . 1390
1'hilcity k. co 21700
Pike ... i 109,
Potter : 621
.Schuylkill 4009
Somerset 2739
500 ,
. 3705'
' 700
busuchai)na 212,t
Sullivan .. - 2-i
Tioga ' 145.t
Union 1 2SI7
Venango 1142
Warriiu 1137
Washington' 4042
Wayne . 1040
Westmorela'd 31 15
Wvoming 913.
, Total, 178,034 lfi.499
PolToik'd Majority S3579
Bedford. Poller. F-rrc-st. Venango, and Warren
yet to hear from, will in.ike the ''majority, at the
old 'vote, about 32 17. ' .'.'.,' ' : '.
,'. ' Our Jubilea
The friends ol'Judg.e Pollock, resolved on
Friday night last to have a sort of "jollifica-.'
tion," over ' our triumphant ' victory, and ac
cordingly assembled early in the evening in
front of the Jcmmui office, which was brightly
illuminated in honor of the occasion.; When
the crowd got together.' n handsome transpa-
rency was lighted, be iring on one side the !
in.scrii.tion "JAMES POLLOCK- WD ni:R j
OWN COUXTHY.'Vand ou the other "No i.
division of the School' Fund, and The Sale of
the Public Works. ' America Forever!" The
Trans parency;' accompanied with approiriate
martail music, by G. W. Rue'kx jr, Alex.
SotTiiARn, and Joii.v S. liADKB.ii;ii, was borne
to the lower, end of town, where, the proces
sion was fernreI;under ihe marshaLsbip of that
vetreraii Vviiir, T031 . Siiea', and ' proceeded
throngh the -diflerent streets, followed by the
juvcnileWhigSji Itetiring lighted torches. We
must not
flags, for which wa were indebted to the ladies,
arid which reflected greatcredit on their taste
aud enthusiasm: x b 'd :- x A U
When the .'procession returned to the Jour
nal office, a motion was made that the crowd
be addressed by J. B. Gokden Esq, who made
a most eloq ncnt and appropriate speechiIIc
was followed by- ourself in a few remarks,
after, which the crowd, adjourned to Geobge
Lasich's to w itness a display of fireworks!.
Alter tnc ngnting ot some lioman candles &c,
a large. fire was kindled in. the street, and the
fun was' kept up till a late hour, with- mnsic
reading the returns, cheering fot the , success
ful candidates; &c, &c. . ' : '
An' opposition 'fire, was kindled by the Lo-:
cofocos, who, of course, had no more manners
than to' interfere oft snchi; an occasion,; but
their 'sham dero,qcracy,' jt was short lived,
and the Whig boys,' determined not to be beat,
procured' a' 'barrel of tar, ! which' with other
combustibles, soon made such a blaze that it,
got too hot for the trundle,-bd denioccacy.'
' iThe whole aflair passed , ofl in- the most,
peasant and harmonious iaitpfi. jThere.w:as'
n9 quarrelling .: or - fighting, , but everything:
Contributed o "add to the pleasure usually "de-
rn ea Dy a successiui party, in sucn "jollinca
tions:' : ; '
- For the jon venie'nceJ of dissaf isfled 1 Locdfo-;
" ;. 1 . ' .,il.- '. . 1 l ja. x.
cos this new and ; splendid, train of cars will
leave Tyrone" Station for ,the" other side f
Jordan,' on Saturday next, at 10 o'clock A.M:
'i-."Vii ' BABBETT, Conductor '. . t
.. ' A 1 " 'MOOBE, Engineer.' ; " 1 .'
;rnril 'Mis.
1 Homing Winter. :-..
( Ahoif par Americanism. ".;-.;
Sorcr- tLe Lcct feces o cr Ibcir defeat. ' ;
Had habit running about at night. j
Fashionahle overcoats and hot stoves. "
Glorious the Jubilee on Friday night...'
Badly phtjiici'4 the CIearfield -Clique." .
On our tide the ladies on Friday evening. -
' The qiitxtioji. What's become of our Railroad ?
G.oxeing out of date white hati." Getting too
'JVecessity I notes 110 Lutr." Iitto a great many
lawyers. .7-
Secotid hand good Vidow and auction furni
ture. ' .
Pfeutjf Apple paring4.bntier boilings.quiltings.
log rollings', wood choppigy 4c Ae.
' A dandy one fourth" walking stick. and the
rest kid gloves and bear's grease. ' ' ' :: ''
CaiCt quit the joliticians talking ' on ' the cor
ners. Its got to to be a sort of 'second natirre.'
- Did ' thtyl We' suppose they felt; god even
opon bat liquor." ''Jiemoeratie Pujirr.'" :
; llow did you know it was bad. did you try i ?
To hr her4.1hi R. Hev: Bishop PoTTF.n. will
preach in the Episcopal Church of this place, on
Friday evening next.
, Grrytowu .Yiwyt-two fishing smacks and a
raft. The former manned with twelve marines,
and' the latter with a hen-coop.
. Bad Siguo see a fellow lie down in the gutter
thinking it his bed. and commence calling a poor,
innocent hog all sorts of hard names, mistaking it
forhis wife. " -
Soiutil on th'. Jife our young friend f!co. W.
Rhccm Jr. He is eu titled to the. thanks of all those
who. were enlivened by the martial music ou Fri
day and Tuesday evening.
Teachex. Mrs. A. Irvin ' will accept our thanks
for her'present of delicious pcachs. They were
a luxury which a set of poor mortal cooped up
in a Printing Office, don't often enjoy.'1 ;i
;.: Spirit llapitingf.X full -medium' rccieved the
following dignified communication recently from
.Spif-f-tnioLAVbUir. "J" tieJUmd 4UiJt '
with Pollock' Hlfrtiou.''' . y
JYevt. A AVcetern. editor, bing scarce of news
recently published an entire chapter from the Ei
ble. a.lding that he had no doubt it would be tun
ic, most of his readers ! 1 ' : - -: ' ' ' '
WuMted-- Wttcn with a soft tongue and a half
pint of cream, for a couple of young iuirU who
have commenced to run after the girls before their
beards are long enough.
A Sr.rorrgcr. Mr. James Ir.wix has presented
us with cicjar about a foot long of his own growth
and manufacture. It is an excellent article of to
bacco, and very neatly put up.
Come ojffitk Jlyi"Z colors the -Corporal in
Brady. Hi '-Dutch Speech"' mnst have took well.
His -Kuownotbiugism did at all events, a-s evinced
by the large vote for Backus. The -Corporal's"
pound on the goose question... ,
Anotlur Juhilttr-in the neighborhood of our
friend Allen Mitchell's, on monday evening. We
lcarn that tnose Prcscl,t na a jovial time, and
- every thing passed off harmoniously and in good
order. Allen cant be beat.
,', JZu.ro 11 rage your o"-n. He who would prosper J
Jiimavltaouia labur to advance theprospentyof
those around him. Therefore we say encourage
your own your own' mechanics, lawyers, doctors,
and Printers. Help one another, pull together
and you and ire shall be happy.
:- .4 stronger. It is claimed in their jubilee
speeches to be altogether a Whig victory."
- '" ; 1 ' ; ' "Democratic pit per"
We dout know whother you were amongthc Mack
guards that kept up such an infernal howling on
the other gidc of the strectj or whether it was the
effect of that "bad liiiuor,' but from some cause
ur "long ears"' didn't serve vow right, as it was :
and ismost distinctly claitucllis alr!Amcnean jfnti
Nebraska yicfy- t,;;r ,Jtf
, A large delegation of the friends of PptLocK,
Caluwei.l, and Babclat,; the ' American 'Can
didates, cdmc from Curwensvillc last evening,
ami entered
flairs, banners
wensville gave 2 majority for Pou-ock. .An
American victory!" ,., . . . .' ' .'
,i Alter parading , through some -01 the streets,
and giving the : Jonrual :oflice three :cheers,
which compliment wo are pleased toacknowl
town in i.roeossion w ifh1 miisir.- ! ,rom lne tjrany 01 rulers ahroart.
ar t w-7 v w v v a .is a u v-1 m as bra ti
cy,' wiui ,tne inscription -.Cur- American citizens, in. their rizhts.
odge, thev adjouraed to the Whig head-ouar- i Jn to Persecute us for our religious opinions,
v- - V. " v - - . -.:!-: ' . o man who acknowledges allegience to any
-f i ,f -foreign potentate "r-pc4r, br who holds hhi?
a. brief speech. ,; They ; enjoyed.. themselves : self undet. obligations to obey the edicts of
dnring the remainder f the evening bythrow- !
ing re;.baU Vuilding a large b'on-fire in the
street etc &c.
(, The wholes, aflair passed bll'w ith great .credit
to all concerned Nothing unpleasant occurred
to mar the harmony of the occasion, and when,
the delegation left, it. was with the respect and
good opinion fall classes of the community.
The disreputable attempt of some of the "trnn-
die-bed democracy," for a few days past, to
create a false , impression, and to bring about an
insulting and disgraceful scene in our streets, i
ty their threats jeers, and contemptible insin- ' ral raIe uPon tuJs aabject, to which there will
uations,' proved abortive Nothini of the ;i?0t necarUy be exceptions. : It is anfficienf
kind w ntgmA 4 it- I - r ! for purpose, standing as I do, without the
kind was ever intended and the Americana of j power, and without the wish to have the pow
botftCurwensville -and Clearfield.' nav& too ' -er, to confer offices upon others, to . aay. that
much regard 'for nheir own: characters, arid
for the feelings brothers; io; fohow the exam-:
pie of the- Locofoco8, who three years ago offices of the country than a foreigner, wheth--wSn3on
iptif-pxicfi. 'to CurwensviUe,;and ' er naturalized or not. : And now, seeking too
gave three groans in front of the home of an ' office from you or your friends, or anybody
Mtmii nrtii.'i.;t;Tan.o ii.t v.
cause he saw proper to take a hold 6tand in
Ltt.ter From the Hon. John M. Clayton
of Celawara.
A copy of the following highly interesting
correspondence has been placed in our hands
for publication'. - If will be read with more
than ordinary avidity j, -, ;;f, ; , f. f. ..
. ,,r, -Pini.AHEi.rHiA, July 3d, 16-34. .. "
Hoji. Jso', M. Glavtox. 3y ' Dear Sir:-
Many of your fellow citizens, deeply impress
ed with the importance of having all the offi
ces under the General and State Government
filled with able and intelligent men, free from
the prejudice and ignorance of - our institu
tions which : foreign birth, education, and in
fluence is so apt to produce, and also feeling
a highresject for your personal character,and
admiring the ability displayed by you in con
ducting the affairs of the nation, whilst filling
a station but little inferior in resHnsibility to
that of the Prcsideut of the United States
himself, are encouraged to hope, from some
of your late speeches and votes in the Senate
of the United States, that you coincide with
them 1 in sentiment, and that you wfll endea
vor to carry out their views, by consenting to
be their candidate for the highest office with
in their gift. But the more fully to ascertain
your views,, you will confer a favor by stating,
whether, if electett, you will pledge yourself
to exclude from all civil offices, persons who
do not possess the requisite constitutional
qualifications Utj filling the offices of Presi
dent and Vice President of the United State;
except in the case of foreign, diplomatic, or
commercial agencies, or otherwise, w here the
services of ersons possessing the above men
tioned qualifications, cannot be commanded,
without detriment of the public interest.
The opinions freely exprssed by you in de
bating the question now prominently before
the people, have made us fully acquainted
with your views in rcgrad to them.
I will merely add that neither myself nor
those lor whom I act arc in . any way connec
ted with any secret society or organization,
but are simply actuated by a desire to intro
duce what we consider to be a very salutary,,
and necessary reform into every department
of our government. - I am, very respectfully,
your friend, - - , , - -
.1 . '. D. Rod.vex Ki. .
,- Washington, August 8, 183.
I).' RobsEY Kixc, Esq. My dear Sir: Pro
tracted and. sever sickness since the receipt
of your letter of the 3d ultimo, has prevented
me from keeping up my corresinndencc.
Let me begin then by replying to your prin
cipal question. I respond t that by.dj-Jar-ing
frankly that I never was, am hot now, awl
never shall be a candidate lor the Presidency . .
I have seen '.enough of it to form a decided
opinion that for me there is no position in this
country less desirable. I khall be content
with the seat in tha U. S. Senate which the
kind partiality of friends in my native State
h 13 .iSMifTn-.l mi. Tnlif(l- I wnnll nnt rt.
' his
lianori. i fp jinv t, . . i" th. -ri.t-nriiin nut -
The year 1857 must decide a momentuouK
issue in this country., ' Are the American peo
ple prepared to share with aliens the right of
governing this nation, at the ballot box, as
soon as these aliens can make a declaration of
intention I They may, and often do make,
such a declaration, within . a week, or even a
day, alter landing on our soil". Again are
the American people prepared to share," nith
aliens, every blessing and benefit conferred
upon them as American citizens, and even t
give them a share of the public domain ? : By
the Nebraska bill, Congress has couterred up
on them them the right of voting, and by the
Homestead bill, which is still pending, and to
be decided upon next winter, they are to have
an equal share of the puplic domain, on the
same terms with native and naturalized citi
zens. 'Again,' the American people must de
cide whether, other circumstances being equal
the native citizen is or is not fairly entitled to
a preference in the distribution of honors and
offices, in the country which gave them birth.
The state of my health will not permit m
to discuss these question in a letter. Our
naturalization laws are unquestionably defec
tive, or out alms houses would not now be fil
led with paupers. Of the 134,000 iiiipers in
the LTnited States, 68.000 are foreigners and
66,000 natives-! ' Thij annals of crime have
swelled as the jails of Euroie have poured
j their contents in to the country, and the felon
Convict, reefeing treili a murder in Jburope, or
w ho has had the foitnne to escape punnish
ment for any other crime abroad, easily gains
naturalization here, ny spending a part of five
years within tbe limits of the United States.
Our country has lecome a Botany Bay, into
which Europe annually discharges her crimi
nals of every description. , . 1. -T .,. .. ..--j- , - -I
have no prejudice against the honest for
eigner, who comes here to seek an asylum
All my
ben they bc-
thcra, as
as fully as
those born on the soil. I would inculcate and
practice religions, toleration," in its broadest
sense, but I would see to It that 110 men or
any sect whose creed teaches them ' to deny
religions toleration to me and my coun try men
should ver hold office here, v pojwer.o.f any
any s"uch potentate or ppwer,.shall.betby;. my
vote placed in any post or. office under the
American government.' I would defend ' the
rights of men, pf all " religions to the . full ex
tent to which those rights re euarranteed by
"tue American Constitution But while I would
aq,v.Ise TJ American citizen , to defend the
religious rights of. all others, even at tbe baz
ard of his life, I would at the same ' time ad
vise him to peril his life not less freely in "de
fence " of his own. t " , . ;" "' . y
' I do not undertake to enter into the subject
.how far foreigners, who are not naturalized in
this fiountrv should ha rwrmitlMl ts finM riffir-r .
You will find that you can lav down no ecn-
in my judgement, a native American citizen,
TZh ZZ"?. ??
ve ue nonor to suoscrite jniieu,
Very Aincerelyand respectfully, your friend. t
: .
5j i
IS , . -i
-f . J
fi i
if a
hi u
i? .
:! T
D. SoirrrEiro, ri , Philadelphia.
opposition to Got. Bigler
n n

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