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Raftsman's journal. [volume] (Clearfield, Pa.) 1854-1948, November 10, 1858, Image 1

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VOL. 5.-M 11.
: i
The Raftshas's Journal is published on Wed
'nesday at $1,50 per annum in advance. If not
'paid at the beginning of the year, $2.00 will bo
Advertisf.mexts' will be inserted at 51,00 per
square of 12 lines for threeor loss insertions. For
every additional insertion 25 cents will be charg
ed. A deduction will be made to yearly adver
tisers. No subscription taken for a shorter time than
-six months, and no paper will be discontinued un
til all arrearages arc paid, except nt the option of
the publisher. - S. D. KOW.
R. 15. I". AKELY, Grakamton, Clearfield coun
ty, Fcnh'a. . April 1.
0. CROUCH, Puvsicias, Curwensville, Clear
. Celil county, Tenn'a. . May 14.
TJ. CRANS. Attorney at T-sw and Roal Estate
J. Agent, Clearfield, "Pa. Office adjoining his
ruiiilencu, on Second street. , . May 1G.
( EORGpTTcHUIrZE, Bor and Sooe .Maker,
opposite tho Jail, Market street, Clearfield,
I'a. lie sells low for cash. Nov. 10.
"A I TI 1,1,1 AM A. WALLACE, Attorney at Law,
V Clenrfiold, Pa. Office, ono door north of the
PostOffico, on Socond street. Sept. 1.
JOSEPH (tOOX, Manufacturer of Hoots and Shoes,
Shaw's new row, Market street, Clearfield. Pa.
Made up work always on band. Aug. 14.
ROP.EKT J. WALLACE, Attorney at Law. (and
District Attorney.) Clearfield, Pa. Office in
Shaw's new row, Market street May 23.
H RICHER SWOOPE. Attorney at Law,CIear
. field. Pa. Offct in Grnham's Row. one door
east of the 'Kaftsuian's Journal' office. Sor 10.
L) W. BARRETT. Justice of the Peace. Luthers
. burg. Clearfield co.. Pa., will attend prompt
ly to all business entrusted to hitn. inar25-tf
ri1H"MAS (i SNYDER. Merchant. Dealer in Saw
L ed Lumber. Shingles. Square Timber. Ac Ky-
lertown, Clearfield Co.. Pa.
11 T1LLIAM V. IRWIN. Mrkct street. Clearfield,
fV Pa.. Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Mer
chandise, Hardware. Quecnswaro, Groceries, and
family articles generally. Nov. 10.
MERRELL & CARTER. Dealers in Stoves. Tin.
Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware, second street,
Clearfield, Pi. Ilou.e-spouting and Roofing dffue
to order, on short notice Nov. 1.
G1 I'ELICII k LEANER, Manufacturers of all
IT kinds of Cabinet-ware, Market street, Clear
field. Pa. They also make to order Coffins, and
attend funerals with a hoarse. Nov. 10.
TOSH I" A S. JOHNSON, Cabinet Maker, Market
J street. Clearfield, Pa. lie will also attend fu
nerals with a hearse, when called on; and make
eolfins to order, on short notice. Nov. 10.
HF. NAl'GLE. Watch and Clock Maker, and
. dalcr in Watches, Jewelry, Jfcc. Room in
thaw's new row, Market street, opposite the Kaft.i
m-zn't Journal offico, Clearfield, Pa. Nov. 10.
I) LACKSMITHING.-Jacob Shunkweiler. thank
J ful for past favors, would respectfully solicit a
continuance of a share of public patronnge in his
line of business. Shop on Third st. Nov. 10.
M ENALLY, Attorney at Law. Clearfield.
Pa. Practices in Clearfield and adjoining
rounties. Office in new brick addition, adjoining
he residence of James B. Graham. Nov. 10.
1 .FREDERICK SCHMAEL. Clock and Watch Ma-
ker. Cherry street, (one door east of the Meth
odist Church.) Clntrfield, I'a.. will repair Watches,
Clocks, Ac , on short notice and reasonable terms.
JARRIMER A TEST, Attorneys at Law. Clcar
J field. Pa. Will attend promptly to all legal
and other business entrusted to their care in Clear
field and adjoining counties. August 6, 1856.
jas. h. LAnrcmm. i.kaki. test.
rpHOMA.S J. M CULLOl'ti it, Attorney at Law,
I. Clearfield. Pa., may be found at hi office on
Market street, on1 door west of Richard Mosop's
store. Deeds and other legal instruments prepar
ed with promptness and accuracy. Feb. 13.
OWN RUSSKL k CO.. Tanners and Curriers.
Pennville. ClearGcId Co .Pa. Keen constantly
on hand an excellent assortment of leather, which
they offer for sale at the lowest cash prices. Hides
of all kiuds taken in exchange .falyl5-54.
f OSEPn PETERS. Justico of tho Peace. Cur
wensville. Clearfield county, Pa., one door east
of Montolius fc Ten Eyck's Storo. All business
entrusted to hicu will be promptly attended to. and
all instruments of writing done on short notice.
of Photographic Chemistry. Gallery at his
residence -on Second Street, one door South of
Merrell A Carter's Tin-ware establishment. Clear
field, Pa. rjDays of operation : Friday and
Saturday of each week. junelS'56
AMES IJ. GRAHAM. Dealer in Sawed Lumber,
Squared Timber, Shingles, Boards, kc, (iru-
liamton. Clearbelri county, t a is prepared to till,
on the shortest TM'noe, all orders forartioles in his
line of business, on as reasonable terms as they can
be procured in tho county. Jan23-'56-tf.
DR. M-. WOODS, tenders his professional servi
ces te the citizens of Clearfield and vicinity.
'Residence on Second street, opposite the office of
1,. J. Crsna, Esq. Office, the same that was recent
ly oecxpicd by Hon. G R Barrett, wbero he can
be found unless absent on professional business.
DENTAL CARD A. M. SMITH, offers his pro
fMionaI services to tho Ladies and Gentlemen
of Clearfield and vicinity. All operations upon the
eeth executed with neatness and despatch. Being
familiar with all the late improvements he is pre
pared to make artificial teeth in the best manner.
Office in Shaw's New Row, Clearfield. Sep. 15.
VLOCP. TLSSJI ' DR.- A- M- HILLS, desires to
'L arinou'neo to big friends and patrons, that he
; ;s now dovoting all of his time to operations inDen
' tUtry. Those desiring hisserviccs will find hiin at
"his office, adjoining bis residence, at nearly all
'" tioios, and always on Fridays and Saturdays, n
.lcss notified otherwise in the town papers the week
before. All work warranted to be satisfactory.
TAGON . MAKIXrt.-rTho undersingned an
I nounce to the public that they manufacture
Waggons of all descriptions, Buggies. Slods, Ac, at
.their shop in New Salcni. Brady township, Clear
field county, which they offer for sale at as reasona
ble rates as can be purchased elsewhere. They res
pectfully solicit a share of patronage
Octl-'56-tf WILLIAM LEWIS.
ing entered into partnership in the above bus
siness, at the end of the new bridge, 1 miles a
fcovo Clearfield borough, are prepared to do all
kinds of wotk in their lino cm the f hortest notice
and most reasonable terms. JOllS S, IIOYT,
. . A. (. 1IOYT..
V B. AH kinds of country produce and hides
akeu in exchange f,,r work. Jnue2.'5, I8.tt.
For the "RafUman s Journal."
I have a home not made with hands,
In heaven eternally it stands.
Surrounded by angolie bands ;
O, 'tis a glorious home.
Far from that home I here remain J '
I toil and suffer on in pain,
Until that heavenly rest I gain;
My dear and happy home.
If I had pinions like a dove,
With steadfast eye on things above,
I'd mount upon the wings of love,
ITp to that blessed home.
My Heavenly Father to adore,
To shout and sing forcvermore
His praise, with those who've gone before
To their eternal home.
Loved ones are there, to me most dear,
I knew them well when they were here';
They sing in God, thi Father's ear.
Their God's, who took them home.
I long to join that glorious band.
To find my place at God's right hand.
And aing with those who round him stand
In their celestial home.
I'm nearer now that holy place
Than ever since I knew God's grace;
And I shall soon behold his face
In joy and peace at home.
And I draw nearer every day,
More earnestly I watch and pray ;
I'm waiting now to hear him say,
Coine share thy Saviour's home.
Dear Saviourive us heavenly grace
To fit us for that holy place,
And help us still to run the race
That brings us to our homo.
0. there shall we most happy be,
From ev'ry sin and sorrow free,
And all our bliss will find in thee,
Our dearest Lord, a home.
Arch St., Philadelphia, Ore. 23r, 1S53.
A-few years since, on a radiant spring af
ternoon, two men, who from their conversa
tion appeared to be foreigners, stopped be
fore the gate of one of our large workshops
in Philadelphia for the manufacture of loco
motive engines. Entering a small ofKce, the
cider of the two men inquired of the super
intendent in attendance if he would permit
them to inspect the works.
"You can pass in and look about if you
please ;" said the superintendent, vexed ap
parently at being interrupted in the pcrsuu!
of his newspapers. He then scanned the two
strangers more closely. Tiiey were respecta
bly but plainly clad, and evidently made no
pretention to official dignity of any kind.
"Js tnere any one who can show us over
the establishment aud explain matters to us V
asked Mr. Wolf, the elder of the strangers.
' Yon must pick yourowu way, gentlemen,"
repliod the superintendent, arc all too
busy to attend to every party that comes
along. I'll thank you not to interrupt the
workmen by asking questions."
It was not so much the matter as the man
ner of his reply, that was offensive to Mr.
Wolf and his companion, it was spoken with
a cettain ofGcial assumption of superiority,
mingled with contempt for the visitors, indi
cating a haughty sellis'i temper on the part
of thespeakcr.
"1 think we will not trouble you," said Mr.
Wolf bowing; and taking his companion's
arm they passed out.
"If there is anything that I disliko it is in
civilly," said Mr. Wolf, when they wero once
in the street. "I do not blame the man lor
not wantingto show us over the establishment;
he is no doubt annoyed and interrupted by
many heedless visitors; but he might have
dismissed lis with courtesy. lie might have
sent us away better content with a gracious
refusal than with an ungracious consent."
. "Perhaps we shall have better luck here,"
said the other stranger ; and they stopped be
fore another workshop of a similar kind.
They were received by a biisk littlo man, the
head clerk apparently, who in reply to their
request to be shown over the establishment,
answered, "Oh, yes ! come witli me, gentle
men. This way." So saying, he hurried
them along the area strewe with iron bars,
broken and rusty heaps of iron, and fragments
of old cylinders, into the principle workshop.
Here, without stopping to explain anyone
thing, he led the strangeis along with the evi
dent intention of getting rid of them as soon
as possible. When they paused where the
workmen were riviting the external coating of
a boiler, the clerk looked at his watch, tap
ped his foot against an iron tube, and showed
other signs of impatiunce. Whereupon, Mr.
Wolf remarked "Wo will not retain you
longer sir," and with his lriend, took leave.
"This man is an improvement on the other,"
said Mr. Wolf; "but all tho civilty he basis
on the surface ; it does hot com lroro the
heart. Wc must look further."
The strangers walked on for nearly half a
mile in silence, when one of them pointed to
a locomotive with a train of cars underneath.
It overtopped a small building, not more than
ten feet high, communicating with a yard and
workshop. "Look," said the observer, here
is a machinist whose name is not on our list.
Probably it was thought too small a concern
for our pnrpose," said his companion. ".Nev
ertheless let us try it," said Mr. Wolf.
They entered, and found at the desk a middle-aged
man, whose somewhat grimy aspect
and apron around his waist, showed that he
divided his labors between the workshop and
the counting-room.
"We want to look over your work?, if you
have no objection."
"It will give me great pleasure to show yon
all that is to be seen," said the mechanic with
a pleased alacrity, ringing a bell and telling
the boy who entered to take charge of the
office. :
He then led the way, and explained to the
strangers the whole process of constructing
a locomotive engine. He showed them how
the various parts of the machinery were man
ufactured, and patiently answered all their
questions. He told them of an improved
mode of tubing boilers, by which the power
of generating steam was increased, and show
ing with what care he provided for security
from bursting.
Two hours passed rapidly away. The
strangers were delighted with the intelligence
displayed by the mechanic, and with his frank,
attentive and unsuspicious manners. "Here
isthemanwh" loves his profession so well,
that he takes pleasure in explaining its mys
trrics to all who can nnderstand them, thought
Mr. Wolf, a
. "I am afraid wc have given you a deal of
trouble,"said the other stranger.
"Indeed, gentlemen, I have enjoyed your
visit," said the mechanic, "and shall be glad
to see you again." .
"Perhaps you may," said Mr. Wolf, and
the strangers departed.
Five months afterwards, as the mechanic
whose means were quite limited, sat in his
oflico, meditating bow hard it was to get bu
siness by the side of such large establishments
as were his compeditors, the two strangers
entered. He gave them a hearty welcome,
banded chairs, and they sat down.
"We come," said Mr. Wolf, "with a propo
sition to you from the Emperor of Russia.
"From the Emperor I Impossible!"
"Here are our credentials."
"But gentlemen," siid tho now agitated
mechanic, "what does this mean 1 How have
I earned such an honor 1" . .
"Simply by your straight forward courtesy
and frankness, combined with professional
intelligence," said Mr. Wolf "Because we
were strangers, you did not think necessary
to treat us with distrust or coldness. You
saw we were in earnest in acquainting our
selves with your works, and did not ask us,
before extending to us your civittiea, what
letters of introduction we brought. You
measured us by the spirit we showed, and
not by the dignities we could have exhibited."
The mechanic visited St. Petcrsburgh and
soon afterwards removed his whole establish
ment there. Ho had imperial orders for as
many locomotive engines as he could con
struct, lie has lately returned to this country,
and is still receiving large returns from his
Uussian workshop. And all this prosperity
grew out of his unseifish civility to two stran
gers, ono of whom was the secret agent of
the Czar of Russia.
Webster Matched by a Woman.
In the somewhat famous case of Mrs. Bod
gen's will, which was tried in the Supreme
Court some years ago, Mr. Webster appeared
as counsellor for the appellant. Mrs. Green
ough, wife of Rev. Wm. Greenough, late of
West Newton, a tall, straight, queenly looking
woman, with a keen black eye a woman of
great self possession and decision of charac
ter, was called to the stand as a witness on the
opposite side from Mr. Webster. Webster, at
a glance, had the sagacity to foresee that her
testimony, if it contained anything of impor
tance, would have great weight with the court
and jury. He therefore resolved, if possible,
to break her up, And when she answered to
the first question put to her, "I believe,"
Webster roared out, "We don't want to hear
what you believe; we want to hear what you
know" Mrs. Greenough replied, "That is
just what I was about to say, sir," and went on
with her testimony. And notwithstanding tho
repeated eflorts to disconcert her, she pnrsued
the even teror of her way, until Webster, be
coming quite fearful of the result, arose appa
rently in great agitation, and drawing out his
largo snuff box, thrust his thumb and finger to
the very bottom, and carrying the deep pinch
to both nostrils, drew it up with a gusto, and
then extracting from his pocket a very large
handkerchief, which flowed to his feet as he
brought it to the front, he blew his nose with
a report that rang distinct and loud through
the crowded hall. Webster then said, "Mrs.
Greenough, was Mrs. Blodgen a neat woman 1"
Mrs. Greenough "I cannot give you very full
information as to that, sir ; she had one very
dirty trick." Webster "What was that,
ma'am 1" Mrs. Greenough "She took snuff."
The roar in the court house was such that the
"future defender of the constitution" subsi
ded, and neither rose nor spoke again until
Mrs. Greenough had vacated her chair for an
other witness having ample time to reflect
upon the inglorious history of the man who had
a stone thrown ou bis head by a woman.
Cause and Effect.
The Philadelphia Enquirer, commenting up
on the Ute horrible massacre of a whole fami
ly in New York, by a son and brother, very
properly, in our opinion, attributes the mur
derer's acts to the scientific construction of
ardent spirits to the infusion of the most dan
gerous and insidious poisons into liquors sold
as beverages throughout the country to the
formation, from subtle drugs, of essential oils
and liquors, by which the commonest alcohol
is converted into imitations ol distilled spirits,
which are sold in every part of tho country,
and which wil account for the peculiar
features of many crimes which jave attrac
ted the public observation during the last
few years. We have noticed, too, that the
deleterious effects of liquors made by modern
processes are not wholly confined to spirits,
but they arise from many of the wines in com
mon use, and eveu from ales, through the lat
ter of which, coailus indiJus, maddening
poison, frequently used to intoxicate fish, is
often dctlused not only in Great Britain, but
in this country. That tho law will have to
play its part eventually, to control the rapa
city of men to make money out of such
murderous ingredients is certain, and if socie
ty have any regard to its peace and security,
excise laws will be a necessity. The subject
is one of great importance.
The Tare Polict. The true policy of a
town is to support its own mechanics and bu
siness citizens. Permanent prosperity can on
ly be secured in this way. If our business
men, who pay our taxes, pay license, and keep
the machinery of business moving, are ne
glected, and purchases made at other places,
we can never expect to have a home market
worth anything. Too many of our citizens
are i'i the habit of buying articles of merchan
dize and mechanism in the cities, which can
be obtained fully as cheap at home. Our me
chanics cannot be excelled, and if we would
prosper in business and wealth.we should make
it a point to "support our own," and by so
doing give employment to our people, and
keep our monev in circulation at home, instead
of sending it abroad, to line the pockets of
city merchants, and manufacturers, wno con
tribute nothing to advance the prosperity of
the "country towns." B patronizing the
mechanics and business men in our town,
capitalists do but contribute to their own in
terests, as the prosperity of a place always
enhances the value of property.
A committee of an agricultural society ont
west, award a premium to a "fine cassiniere
goat." It must be a great curiosity. .
Avoid, as you would a pickpocket, the man
who says "the world owes Mm a living." .
Mr. Eliphalet Brown was a bachelor of thirty
five, or thereabout ; one of those men who
seem born to pass through the world alone.
Save this peculiarity, there was nothing to dis
tinguish Mr. Brown from the multitude of other
Browns who are born, grow up, and die in this
world of ours. .
It chanced that Mr.' Brown had occasion to
visit a town some fifty miles distant on mat
ters of business. It was his first visit to tho
place, and he proposed stopping for a day, in
order to give himself an opportunity to look
Walking leisurely along the street, he was
all at enco accosted by a child of five, who ran
up to him exclaiming :
"Father, I want you to buy me some candy."
"Father!" was it possible that be, a bachelor,
was addressed by that title 1 lie could not be
lieve it !
"Who were you speaking to, my dear ?" he
inquired of the little girl.
"I spoke to you, lather," said the little one,
"Really," thought Mr. Eliphalet Brown,
"this is embarrassing."
"I am not your father, my dear," he said.
"What is your name 7"
The child laughed heartily, evidently think
ing it a good joke. "What a funny father you
are," she said ; "but you are going to buy me
some candy ?"
"Yes, yes, I'll buy yon a ponnd if you won't
call me father any more," said Mr. Brown,
The little girl clapped her hands with de
light. The promise was all she remembered.
Mr. Brown proceeded to a confectionary
store, and actually bought a pound of candy,
which be placed in the hands of the little girl.
In coming out of the store they encountered
the child's mother.
"O mother," said the little girl, "just see
how much candy father has bought me."
"You shouhl'nt have bought her so much at
a time, Mr. Jones," said the lady, "I am afraid
she will make herself sick. But how did you
happen to get home so quick t I did not ex
pect you till night."
"Jones I madam," said the embarrassed
Mr. Brown, "it's all a mistake; I ain't Jones
at all. It isn't my name. I am Eliphalet
Brown, of W , and this is the first time I ever
came to this city."
'Good heavens ! Mr. Jones, what has put
this silly tale into your head ? You have con
cluded to change your name, have you 7 Per
haps it is your intention to change your wife 7"
Mrs. Jones' tone was defiant, and this tended
to increase Mr. Brown's embarrassment.
"I haven't any wife, madam ; I never had
any. On my word as a gentleman I never
was married."
.-"And do you intend to palm this tale off
upon me 7" said Mrs. Jones, with excitement.
"If you're not married, I'd like to know who
I am 7"
"1 have no doubt you are a most respectable
lady," said Mr. Brown, "and I conjecture,
from what you have said, that your name is
Jones ; but mine is Brown,madam, and always
"Melinda,"said her mother.suddenly taking
the child by the arm, and leading her up to
Mr. Brown, "Melinda.who is this gentlemau 7"
"Why, that's father !" was the child's im
mediate reply, as she confidingly placed her
hand in his.
"You hear that Mr. Jones, do you 7 You
hear what the innocent child says, and yet you
have the unblushing impudence to deny that
you are my husband ! The oice of nature,
speaking through the child, should overwhelm
you. I'd like to know if you are not her father
why you are buying candy for her! I would
like to have you answer that. But I presume
you never saw her before in your life."
"I never did. On my honor, I never did.
I told her I would give her the candy if she
wouldn't call me father any more."
" You did, did you 7 Bribed your own child
not to call you father! O, Mr. Jones, that is
infamous! Do you intend to desert me, sir,
and leave me to the cold charities of the
world 7 and is this your first step 7"
Mrs. Jones was so overcome that, without
any warning, sho fell back upon the sidewalk
in a fainting fit.
Instantly a number of persons ran to her as
sistance. "Is your wife subject to fainting in this
way 7" asked the first comer of Brown.
"I don't know. She isn't my wife. I don't
know anvthing about her."
"Why", it's Mrs. Jones ain't it 7"
"Yes, but I'm not Mr. Jones."
"Sir," said the first speaker, sternly, 'this
is no time to Jest. I trust that yon are not the
cause of the excitement which must have oc
casioned your wife's fainting fit. You had bet
ter call a coach and carry her home directly."
Poor Brown was dumbfounded.
"I wonder," thought he, "whether it's pos
sible that I'm Mr. Jones without knowing it.
Perhaps I'm really Jones, and have gone crazy
in consequence of which I fancy that my namo
is Brown. And yet I don't think I'm Jones.
In spite of all, I will insist that my name is
"Well, sir, what are yon waiting for 7 It m
necessary that your wife should be removed
at once. Will you order a carriage 7"
Brown saw that there was no use to protract
the discussion by a denial. He, therefore,
without contesting the point, ordered a hack
ney coach to the spot.
Mr. Brown accordingly lent an arm to Mrs.
Jones, who bad somewhat recovered, and was
about to close the door upon her.
"Why, are you not going yourself 7"
"Why, no; why should 1 7" .
'Your wife should not go alone; she has
hardly recovered."
Brown gave a despairing glance at the crowd
around him, and deeming it useless to make
opposition where so many seemed thoroughly
convinced that he was Mr. Jones followed the
lady in.
"Where shall I drive 7" said fhe whip.
"I I I don't know," said Mr. Brown.
"Where would you wish to bo carried J"
"Home, of course," murmured Mrs. Jones.
"Where is thai 7" asked the driver.
. "I do not know," said Mr. Brown.
"No. 19 II street," said the gentleman al
ready introduced, glanciDg contemptuously at
"Will you help me out; Mr. Jones 7" said
the lady. "I am not fully recovered from the
fainting fit into which your cruelty drove me."
"Are you quito sure that I am "Mr. Jones 7"
asked Mr.. Brown with anxiety. 1
"Of coarse," said Mis. Jones- -'.'
- "Then." said he resignedly, "I suppose I
am. . But if you will believe me, I was firmly
convinced this mornlDg that my name was
Brown, and to tell the truth, I haven't any re
collection of this house."
. Brown helped Mrs. Jones into the parlor ;
but, good heavens ! conceive the astonishment
of all, when a man was discovered seated in
an arm-chair, who was the xeryfac simile of
Mr. Brown, in form, features, aud every other
respect ! i
"Gracious!" ejaculated the lady "which
which is my husband 7"
An explanation was given, the mystery
cleared up, and Mr. Brown's pardon sought
for the embarrassing mistake. It was freely
accorded by Mr. Brown, who was quite de
lighted to think that after all he was not Mr.
Jones, with a wife and a child to boot.
Mr. Brown has not since visited the place
where this "Comedy -of Errors" happened.
Ho is afraid of losing his identity.
Sir Gore Ousley.
Those persons who were at a loss to know
what this emissary was about when he was
manoeuvring around Washington, last winter,
have an opportunity now of gratifying their
reasonable curiosity. It w ill be remembered
that Sir Gore was a sort of household com
panion of the President, and a centre of at
traction to the toadies who followed in the
train of Mr. Buchanan. Well, the gentleman
has turned up at last, in a rather startling char
acter, which shows that he was up to snuff at
Washington. A correspondent says :
Thc British government seems disposed to
relieve ns of any trouble in asserting the Mon
roe doctrine, by ordering a fleet down to the
waters of Central America as an advance guard
to Sir Gore Ousley. After eighteen months
of hobnobbing at the White House, during all
of which time he was in constant and confi
dential communication with his own govern
ment, the mission of Sir Gore, always myste
rious heretofore, is at length revealed. He
succeeded in pulling wool over the eyes of
our very astute diplomacy mongers and having
acquired all he wanted to know, drew out his
stakes, and parted very affectionately, from
his dear friend, Mr. Buchanan. The first
notice we get afterwards is that a British fleet
is to be dispatched to Nicaragua, under the
pretence of keeping out fillibusters. Well,
we shall see that our Monroo doctrine demo
crats, who are so clamorous against British in
fluence, while consorting with British agents;
making homage to little British titles, without
pedigree or property, and adopting British
policy as against American progress and indus
try, will swallow this precious pill. We had
a sample of the same sort of tactics in the
case of Sir Ilenrv Bulwer, but the Bourbons
who are now in power differ from those whom
Talleyrand knew, inasmuch as they forget ev
erything and learn nothing."
Law for Dinner Parties. .
And be it enacted, that dinner parties gen
erally shall consist of two sects of persons :
1st. Those who know ono another; and 2nd.
Those who wish to know one another; where
by awfnl pauses may be chiefly avoided at
table ; and that seven o'clock shall in future
signify that hour, and not a quarter to eight ;
and that guests bidden at that hour shall as
semble within a few minutes of the same, un
der the penalty ot having to carve the most
popular side dish ; and that certain nicknacks,
and illustrated works, be put about the drawing-room
tables, not in the notion that they
will really amuse any body, bnt that they may
form, as It were, harbors of refuge for the
gapers, yawncrs, and unintroduced, who will
then appear occupied, and not stand in painful
and silent expectancy, or ask if there is any
thing fresh in the evening papers, or scrutinise
the lustres, and find that they have not the
full compliment of candles, or peruse the card
bowl, and dig up undesirable ones from the
bottom thereof. The Social Parliament, by
Albert Smith.
Massacre or Americans bt Mexicans. The
editor ot the Providence Post, who has been
shown a letter from Mr. John D. Austin, assis
tant superintendent of the El Paso and Fort
Yuma Wagon Koad, says : Mr. Austin reports
a horrible massacre at "Dragoon Springs, one
day's travel this side of Tuscan." A party of
four Americans and three Mexicans were em
ployed there in building a station for the Over
land Mail Company. The Mexicans made an
attack upon the Americans on the night of tho
12th of September, killing two and wounding
the third so badly that he subsequently died.
Mr. St. John, of New York, in charge of the
party, was also so badly injured that the am
putation of one of his arms was rendered ne
cessary. When Colonel Leach arrived at Dra
goon Springs, four days after the occurrence,
ho found St. John sitting by his dying com
panion with his diary in his hand. Neither of
them had been able to get even jl drink of wa
ter from the time of the assault. Their suf
ferings were very great. " Hopes were enter
tained of St. John's recovery.
Sekixg Fair Plat. Strolling leisurely a
bout Uncle Sam's big ship yard, in Washing
ton, the other day. we observed a regular
hard-weather sailor-looking chap, from a man-of-war,
who in turn, was watching two men
dragging a large cross-cut saw through a huge
live oat log. .The saw was dull, the log ter
ribly hard, and there they went see-saw, see
saw pull, push, push, pull. Jack studied
the matter over a while, until be came to the
conclusion they were pulling to sec who would
get the saw, aud as one was a monstrous big
chap, while the other was a little fellow, Jack
decided to see fair play ; so, giving the big
one a clip under the ear that capsized him
end over end, he jerked the saw out f the
log, and giving it to the small one, sung out :
"Now run, you beggar."
Babies. The local editor of the Buffalo
Republic has made hi ni so If one of the immor
tals by the publication of a discovery, which
he has made, of great importance to mothers;
it is an infallible means of keeping babies,
from two to ten months old, perfectly quiet
for boors. The modus operandi is as follows :
As soon as tho squallcr awakes, set the child
Hp. propped by pillows if it cannot sit alone,
and smear its fingers with thick molasses; then
put a half a dozen feathers into its bands, and
the young one will sit and pick the feathers
from one hand to the other until it drops a
sleep. As soon as it wakes, more molasses
and more feathers; and in place of the nerve
astounding yells, there will be silence and tn
joyment unspeakable I " :. - .
Geology has proved that at one fwriod, there
existed an enormously abundant land vegeta
tion, tlie"ruins or rubbish of which, carried
into seas, and there sunk to the bottom, and
afterwards covered by sand and mud beds, be
came the substance which w now recognizo
as coal. This was a natural transaction of
vast consequence to us, seeing how much Util
ity we find in coal, both lor warminj our dwel-'
lings and for various manufactories, as well as
the production of steam, by which so great a
mechanical power Is generated. It may natu
rally excite surprise that the vegetable remains
should have so completely changed their ap
parent character, and become black. But this
can be explained by chemistry; and part of
the marvel becomes clear to the simplest un
derstanding, when we recall the familiar fact
that damp hay, thrown into a keap, gives out
heat, and becomes of a dark color.
When a vegetable mass is excluded from the
air, and subjected to a great pressure, a bitu
minous fermentation is produced, and the re'
suit is the mineral coal which is of various
characters, according as tho mass has been
originally intermingled with sand, clay or oth
er earthly impurities. On account or tho
change etldcted by mineralization, it is difficult
to detect in coal tho traces of a vegetable struc
ture ; but these can be made clear in all except
the highly bituminous caking coal, by cutting
or polishing it down into thin, transparent
slices, when the microscope shows the fibre
and cells very plainly. From distinct inso
lated specimens found in the sand stones
amidst the coal beds, we discover the naturo
of the plants of this era. They are almost
ill of a simple cellular structure, and such as
exist with us in small forms, horse-tails, clubs
masses and fens, but advanced to an enor
mous magnitude. The species are all long
since extinct. The vegetation generally is
such as grows in clusters n(tropical islands ;
but it must have been the resuhof a high tem
perature obtained otherwise than that of the
tropical regions now Is, for the -coal strata are
now lound in the temperate and even in the
polar rcnions. '
The conclusion, therefore, to which most
geologists have arrived is, that the earth,
originally an iucadescent or highly heated
mass, gradually cooled down, and in the car
boniferous period, it fostered growth of ter
restrial vegetation all over its surface, to which,
the existing jnngles of the tropics are mere
liarrenness in comparison. The high and uni
form temperature, combined with a great pro
portion of carbonic acid gas in the manufac
ture, could not only sustain a gigantic and,
prolific vegetation, but would also create dense
vapor, showers and rain ; and these again gi
gantic rivers, periodical inundations and del
tas. Thus all the conditions for extensive de
posits of wood in esturies would arise from
this high temperature; and overy circumstance
connected with the coal measure points to
such conditions. ' '
Rrssra. A gigantic fraud tpon the Govern
ment had monopolized attention. The Gov
ernment had paid twelve millions of roubles
overcharge for constructing the St. Petersburg"'
and Moscow Railroad, the contractors having
charged for a much longer line than was laid,
down. The rolling stock was furnished by an
American company, according to distance, in
volving a fearful overcharge on this bead also.
Many influential persons are compromised by
the transaction. Tremendous fires are report
ed to have occurred at Orel, and five hundred
buildings are said to have been destroved.
Affecting Incident. A New Orleans paper
says, a gentleman entering the city from.
Osyka, found himself In company with four
youths from Kentucky, going to New Orleans
to seek their fortune. He endeavored to dis
suade tbem from going io consequence of the
prevailing fever, and advised them to takw
the return cars for home, or they would soon
le tho ocenpants of a grave-yard. They re
fused to return, saying that tbey would' die
first. They arrived in New Orleans, and,
shortly after, three of them were buried, and
tho fourth was not expected to survive.
Another. II cm big. A new body of reli
gious enthusiasts, called "Congreprezites,".
have established themselves about -70 miles
north of Council Bluffs, Iowa. The society
comprises about 800 members, and all their;
property is held in common. The sect profess
to believe in the Bible as the word of God,but.
also that it is in a measure done away with by
a new revelation made since the year 1848, by"
"the voice of Baneemy, through tho medium
of the Chief Apostolic Bishop." The new
revelations are styled "the law and Covenants
of Israel."
Prepablvo to Rkciivk Us An English of-,
ficer direct from Paraguay reports that Lopes
is preparing effective modes of resistance and
defense by building fortifications and obstruct-'
ing the navigation of the river. He has placed
chains aud booms across, and proposes sicking
light vessels in the channel, in which event
our expedition could not ascend. Several'
Belgian and Hungarian officers are engaged in
directing operations.
Fkxales Impriso.vld for Lire Mrs. Lydis
Studley, a woman of sixty-five years of age,
has been convicted in Rhode Island of the
murder of her husband by the administration
of poison, and sentenced to the State prison
for life. Mrs. Gardner, convicted of the mur
der of her husband, at Ilingman, Mass., by
poison, has been sentenced to the house of
correction for life. - ; .
A celebrated Spiritualist, Dr. Randolph, has
openly recanted. In a lecture at Utica, on
Sunday a-week, he stated it as his candid o
pinion, founded upon his experience of nine
years as a medium, that spiritualism was one
third imposture, one-third insanity, and one-'
third diabolism. Dr. Randolph declares that
insanity is the usual fate of trance mediums.
Newton said that the comet of 1680 after
its nearest approach To the R 11 n w tvA f hnn-
sand times hotter than red hot iron. Be also"
calculated that if it was as large as our earth,
and possessed the quality of cooling one hun
dred times faster than red. hot iron, five nun-'
dred years would be required for ito Wsa the
neat it uaa acquired from the sun-
"John, what is the, past of see"'
"Seen, sir.". , : . ,
"No, John, it is saw."
' ;Ypr ii nrl ir mfih swim Tit ma it
becomes a scar-fish, when it js past and caa't
D set. - s-..i..

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