Newspaper Page Text
- -V- - r '
i ' BY S. B. ROW. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1860. YOL. 6.-NO. 48. .ft-.- - lMll iTTT'-lHl THE STBUGGLE OF LIFE. 'What la life, father ?" "A battle, my child , Where the strongest hand may fail, Where the warieat eyo may be beguiled, And the atouteat heart may quail ; Where the foea are gathered on every hand, And reat not day nor night, And the feeble little ones must atand In the thickest of the fight. What ia death, father?" "The rest, my child, When the toil and strife are o'er ; The angel of God who, calm and mild, Say we need fight no more ; Who driveth away the demon band, Bids the din of battle cease, Takes the banner and spear from onr failing hand, And proclaims an eternal peace." Let me die, father ! I tremble, I fear To yield in that terrible strife." "The crown of heaven must be won, dear, , In the battle-field of life, Fear not, though thy foea be strong and tried, He loveth the weak and small ; The angels of heaven are on thy side. And Hod ia over all. TEE DEACON'S DINNER PAETY. Deacon Goodwin was the very best man that ever lived. So at least said his friends and neighbors, who certainly ought to know, and lor enemies, he had probably not one in the world. It is true, however, that the remark above quoted, was generally made as a sort ol apologetic preface to something liko the fol lowing : "But then he has such queer notions; lie ia sounlike anybody else, that we hardly know what to make of him." Perhaps these worthy jeopIo were oblivious of the fact that in order to be very good, it is often a painful necessity to be different from one's neighbors. We cannot better illustrate Deacon Good win's peculiarities than by describing a little entertainment given by him at his country seat not long ago. For the Deacon, with all his unworldly goodness, is a prosperous mer chant in New York,and the owner (by perfect ly fair means) not ouly of a brown stone front in the city, but of a charming suburban resi dence. The Deacon's wife, though a very good woman in her way, was a far less pecu liar personage than her husband. She fell quite gracefully into an amiable conformity with the ways of the world, and is not to be distinguished from the thousands of good wo men of the wealthy class who throng our city churches. Their two dangbters,Adelaide and Miss Ellen, had just left the restraints of their fashionable school, and enjoyed the prospect of "coming out" another winter, as lull-fledged members of society. "Husband," said Mrs. Deacon one May morning, soon after the family migration to the country, "Husband, you know we did not given that dinner that we were proposing last winter what do you say to having it here in utead. We are so convenient to the city that they can easily come in coaches." "You gave a large party, did you not, which included all that should. have been jour dinner-guests.'" "Dear me, yes! but that was quite a differ ent thing. Now at this little affair I am speak ing of, 1 should want only our most particular sfritjiiwlsa. "Oh ! if that is the plan, I like it well," re joined the warm hearted Deacon. "But why not ask them to pass a week with us ?" "Ak whom " "Well,your brother John's family first; the children would enjoy it and then " "Oh! you don't understand me at all! I mean only a few of the best families, whose acqnaiutance it is most desirable to cultivate."" "Really, wife, it does not seem quite honor able to invite guests for our own selfish pur poses. I can sell hardware with a clear con science, but the hospitalities of my house " "Who wants to sell the hospitalities of your house. No, no, my dear ; that is one of your odd notions. Everybody in society does just as I am proposing. And after all.this inviting is only doing as we would be done by." "True, true," said the Deacon, with a mer ry laugh, "but why not do this favor to some one who will value it ; to whom it will be a real kindness ? There are hundreds, now, whom I could name, to whom a day spent a mong these green trees, in the fresh, sweet air of the country, would bo an event to re member for a year." "Oh, if you mean a charitable visit, that is very good in its place, but very different fiom the matter I have in hand. For our children's sake, my dear, it really is a duty to hold our place in good society." The Deacon was always accessible to con siderations of duty. lie merely said : "Well, name your day, and give me the list. I will have the invitations sent from my office." "A capital thought ; your accountant there is such a splendid pensman ; and as to the names, you know the families to whom we are under the greatest obligations. I would have the company as select as possible, and I will try to make the whole affair pass off finely," said the worthy lady, beaming already with amiable complacency upon her prospective guests. The expected day arrived. Mrs. Goodwin and daughters, their elegant toilets at last perfected, were seated in the drawing room, whose long windows looked across a cool ve randah, and commanded the way of approach from the city. Though the fingers wery occu pied, with light fancy work, expectant eyes .were phincing continually down the road to niceU be first arrival. "No, one will come for an hour yet,you may ,be sure," said Mrs. G. "Your father has such .a, horror of late hours, that he wanted us to be .dressed and waiting by 4 o'clock." never saw an omnibus on this road be fpre," said Miss Elllen as one of thoso plebe ian vehicles made its appearance over the brow .of the hill. "Chartered for some special purpose," said her mother absently, as she mused upon the dinner. "There is another," said Adelaide. "And another," added Ellen. "There is quite a procession ol tbem." said tr.e mother. "And the first one is stopping at our gate," exclaimed Ellen. . "What in the world can all these forlorn looking creatures want here 7" cried Adelaide in consternation. "Do go and send them away befoie our com pany comes," said Miss Goodwin. 'I have seen some of them at the Industrial cool," 8aid Ellen with a sudden gleam of merriment; can this be one of father's curi ous tricks 7" .."rtainly is," replied Adelaide, "for mere he comes himself out of the last omnibus. And in fact the good Deacon was now seen making his way through the crowd of poor people, who stood humbly -waiting near the gate, and offering his arm to a withered old lady, in rusty bombazine,who had been among the first arrivals. Ho presented her and the foremost of the guests to his lady, who stood all in a rustle of astonishment and stiff brocade on the verandah steps, and to his elegant daughters, who were half way between laugh ing and crying at the novelty of the scene be fore them. Mrs. Goodwin fortunately had the good sense or philosophy to perceive that a state of things which was manifestly not to be cured, had better be endured with tho best grace possible ; and her innocent guests, tho' somewhat awe-struck at such undreamed of magnificence of apparel, were all unconscious of the strugge and triumph, too of grace that was going on beneath the studied hospi tality with which she received them. There was the old lady in black, who proved to be a widow, and utterly atone in the world ; about the supply of whose wants the Deacon knew more than any other man living. And there was an old man with, one wooden leg ; and a blind man, who was strongly Buspccted to have been seen at the way-side begging, until some benevolent Individual name un known bad supplied him wilh a basket of saleable articles, by meaus of which he was now able to support himself and family. There were women, too, with wan faces, who seemed to have never enjoyed tho freedom of God's blessed air, and puny children in the arms, whose heavy eyes brightened at the sight of green grass and waving trees. The older per sons were soon seated in the house, or on tho piazzas, while tho children, under convoy of Miss Ellen, who entered heartily into the spir it of the occasion, scattered about'in merry games on the green lawn. Never was such a play before ; and to Ellen herself it seemed that the little birds never sung so sweetly, nor the fresh summer air breathed so softly, and never was it so delightful to have a home in the country as on this very day. The company once disposed of, a sober sec ond thought occurred to the lady hostess, more distressing doubtless than the first. An ap pealing look brought her husband to the cor ner. "What in tho world am I to do," she said. "I have not half provision enough for them to eat." "That is all right," replied the Deacon, pointing to a market wagon which was just unloading at the kitchen gate. "There is a bundance for tbem all, and I have given direc tions to the cook." Anxiety was needless ; every arrangement had been completely made ; and the entertain ers devoted themselves again to their guests. Happily passed the hours of the golden after noon. The ladies of the family recovered speedily from the shock of disappointment, and could not help admitting that they had never so thoroughly enjoyed a company before. It "Was only because the real delight of social life, that of conferring happiness on others, had never been so fully within their reach. It was a lesson worth the learning. At six the company were assembled around the long tables, which by the Deacon's direc tions, had been spread upon the shady lawn ; and never, probably, did guests more heartily unite in thanksgiving for the bounties of Prov idence. Before they rose from the banquet, theie was a gorgeons sunset, and all in full view, to be enjoyed by many who,within their narrow walls, were almost as effectually exclu ded from God's free picture gallery in the heavens, as from man's aristocratic ones on earth. At the same time, the full moon was rising in the east, and then there was a delightful evening, with the glancing fire flies among the grass, and the cool breezes that nev er dreamed of brick wall and heated pavement and by nine o'clock the whole party departed in their train of conveyances for home. The lady hostess was too tired, too thought ful to demand explanation now. When the children and servants had silently assembled in the sitting-room at the hour of prayer, the worthy father of the family read from, the great Bible the story of a feast given of old at the house of a chief Pharisee; and bis voice lingered with special emphasis on the following words : "When thou makest a dinner or supper, call not thy friends nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen nor thy rich neighbors ; least they also bid thee again, and a recompese be made thee. But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind, and thou shalt be blessed ; for they cannot recom pense thee ; for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just." The Oldest Preacher in New England. "In tho town of Berlin, Vt., ajoining Montpe lier," writes a correspondent to the Boston Traveller, "lives the Rev. James Iiobart, who is probably the. most remarkable preacher in New England. He is now about entering the ninty-fifth year of his age, and the seventieth of his ministry; and still he is vigorous and ac tive, preaching every Sunday when and wher ever he can engage himself. Thirty years ago his people, over whom he had been the settled congregational minister since the settlement of the town in about the year 1790, dismissed him, supposing he would not hold out much longer. Since then be has been preaching in N. Hampshire and Vermont, on yearly, month ly and daily engagements. He is a great pe destrian, making nothing of walking a half dozen miles to preach, and home again the same day. Lovely Women srill"stoop to folly"," and fall into the arms of dishonorable men. A pretty girl frorri Clarksville, Tenn., who recently at tempted to commit suicide in Cincinnati, has the following sad' history to relate. Several months ago she became acquainted with a man named White, and three weeks since they were married. In the innocence of herartless na ture she gave him her utmost confidence, and placed in his hands the sum of eight thousand dollars. After their marriage they came to Cincinnati, and a few days afterwards the fel low disappeared,leavingth young girl among strangers, without a dollar, and located in a hotel intended only for stevedores. Cru elly betrayed in her love, and still more cru elly deserted, she was induced to tho com mission of suicide. Tho following answer to tho over-curious about matters relating purely to God's own prerogatives would often be in place: St. Augustine was once asked by some one, "what the Lord was doing before the creation of the world ?" to which the great doctor replied : "Making a hcl! for inquisitive people." THE "WAE OF THE BOSES. Jr rom the instant the news arrived that tho Seceders had nominated Breckinridge and iane, everybody saw that it was a ticket "made to kill." In their desire to chastise Douglas for his revolt against Slaverv Propa ganaism, they violated, in this nomination, that clause of the Constitution which declares that "cruel and unusual punishments shall not oe mnictea." Douglas had a right to expect that they would seieci as tne executioner of their purposes, a nominee for President who would combine in his character and conduct personal enmity to him, conspicuous hostility to Popular Sover eignty, ana a repulsive advocacy of a Slave Code for the Territories, ne has' reason to complain of unusual cruelty in the selection of urecKInridge, the gentleman, the whilom friend, for the task of putting him to deoth X he beadsman of the scaffold was chosen not more for his unerring eye and vigorous arm, man lor his hideous visage. The wielder of the guillotine decapitated his victims under the guise of a horrid mask. Jack Ketch was proverbially a vulgar miscreant in heart, garb, and manners. The condemned could feel the appropriateness of dyiffg a felon's death by sucn nands. If it bo claimed that Douglas cannot oroner ly be classed among criminals about to be put to aeath for ouenses against his part', but that tne tight precipitated upon him is more analo gous to the duello, then we insist that the canons of the code required that an enemy who naa put upon him some peculiar indignity, or, at all events, a man who had not laid him un der obligations by a great service, rendered at a critical period, should have been chosen to cross rapiers with him. He bad a right to re quire mat nis loes, inougn snowing Dim no quarter, should give him an antagonist not on ly worthy of his steel, but whose hostility to ward him was of such long-standing and so malignant a type, that the Little Giant would have been provoked to put in requisition those forensic weapons of misrepresentation, vitupe ration, and coarse personal abuse, in the use of which he is so skillful. Now, tested by these criterions, Mr. Breck inridge is not a suitable person to do the odi ous work of killing off' Mr. Douglas. For ex ample, he is a gentleman, distinguished for a menity of manners and respect for the proprl eties of life. Cautious in statement, weighing well his words, rehned in his allusions, not un mindful of rhetorical embellishments, he is a respectable debater. He presides in the Sen ate with dignity and liberality. Now, Douglas would have been far better matched against, and would have infinitely preferred to encoun ter, some focman of coarser grain than Breck inridge, some vulgar brawler like Atchison or Green, or some impulsive and imprudent de claimer like Brown or Toombs, whose utteran ces could have been turned against him. Douglas Has won many friends by affecting the airs, the buoyancy, the hilarity of youth. He has always relied much upon tho support of "fast" young men. He is popular with the "boys." But Breckinridge is the youngest man by far who ever ran for the Presidency. He is the favorite of the young Chivalry. In 1856, when Republicans contrasted the vigor of the "Pathfinder" with the weight of years that bent down the "old public functionary," the yonng Democracy used to point with pride to the erect form and elastic step of their can didate for the Vice-Presidency, whoso running qualities were so much superior to those of his aged leader, that wags called the combination "the Kangaroo ticket." because its longest legs were behind. Breckinridge has the ad vantage of Douglas on the score of youth by some ten years. Beyond all cavil Douglas had the right to re quire that his opponent should be an early, an unswerving, an avowed disciple of the Propa gandist school of the most extreme type. But Breckinridge could not be claimed with any certainty, until recently, as a convert to the dogmas of that school. In 1856 he made a non-intervention speech of the most unmis takable bne. In the thickest of the Lecomp ton contest he was charged, and not without reason, with "skulking" from the chair of the Senate for weeks together, lest, on some tie vote, he be compelled to throw bis weight into ne scale or the otber of the vibrating Democ racy. In fact, he permitted himself to be pro claimed a qualified Anti-Lccomptonite. On this point Douglas has been treated with rank injustice. In common fairness there should have been pitted against him a keen, profound exponent of the Slave-Code dogma, who has brought out the doctrine in all its plausible diabolism, like Davis, the Luther of the Negro Propaganda ; or, some bold, dashing advocate of the doctrine, liko Wise, who, emulating Mohammed, would propagate Slavery with fire and sword. But the cut given by this nomination which Douglas must feel the keenest, is the oft-shown friendship of Breckinridge for Douglas perso nally, and his supposed toleration of bis polit ical eccentricities. The Vice-President treat ed him with marked kindness, while in the chair, during the Lecompton struggle, thereby provoking the hostility of the enemies of Douglas in the Senate. When battling for a re-election before the people of Illinois, in 1858, Breckinridge wrote a generous letter in his behalf, which refreshed the hunted rebel like "the shadow of a great rock in a weary land." On that January morning, in 1859, when, triumphant over the Administration, Douglas, with long strides and defiant wag of the head, walked to his seat in the new Senate Chamber, a crowd of friends in the packed gal leries receiving him with a subdued cheer, many Democratic Senators scowled coldly up on him, bnt tho gallant Kentuckian extended to him a cordial greeting, shaking the victor fervently by the hand. Then, again, just at the close of that session, when Davis, Brown, Clay, Iverson, Mason, Gwin, and the rest of the Lecompton conspirators, made their com bined attack upon him, worrying him like a wounded stag, and satisfying all impartial ob servers that be could never be the nominee of the united Democracy, the Vice President, pained at tho spectacle, left the chair, retired to the cloak-room, and occasionally glancing in upon . the quarreling Democratic Orlandos and Olivers, seemed to say, like good Adam, "Sweet masters, be patient ; for your father's remembrance, be at accord !" Doubtless, both Breckinridge and Douglas, looking, each for himself, to a Presidential nomination, intend ed to maintain such relations toward one an other that each could have tho support of the other in his respective section of the coun try Breckinridge receiving aid from Douglas in the North, and Douglas from Breckinridge in the South. Then, to compel such a man for, unques tionably, Breckinridge goes reluctantly to the task to execute the venceanca of .tho Slav Oligarchy upon Douglas, is the refinement of crueuy. u they htd deputed Davis, who led the attack upon him in the Senate, in 1859, then, as in their recent encounter, haughty, dictatorial, and affecting a most offensive su periority ; or Slidell, who, in his clumsy, ma lignant wav. has alwavs sneered at his Presi dential pretensions, denounced him as "Chief or the Thugs" while receiving the hospitality of Soule in New-Orleans, tried to steal his Cu ba thunder by his thirty-million bill, and who despises Douglas as cordially as Douglas hates him if either of these had been selected as his antagonist, the Little Giant would have had a good stomach for the fight. But, to confront him with Breckinridge, the whilom friend, apologist, defender ! "Take any shape but that!" he must have exclaimed when tho tidings of the nomination flashed upon him. We have said this nomination was "made to kill." Breckinridge, however, lacked one el ement to make the death of Douglas doubly sure. He has not a grain of rowdyism in his composition. Douglas has ever relied largely upon this element to aid his Presidential aspi rations. He expected in this canvass to make heavy drafts upon tbe subterranean Democra cy of the cities and the rough and ready ad venturers of the frontiers. In sympathy with these ingredients of society Breckinridge was sadly deficient. He is a well-mannered man dresses in clean linen is a scholar and a law yer springs from an aristocratic family is said to possess a good moral character, and is vicariously pious, his father being one of the most eminent divines of the Presbyterian Church. To make up for these defects in the bead of the ticket, and divide the cheers of "the b'hoys" with Douglas, the Seceders put Joe Lane on at the tail, who belongs by birth and instinct to tbe lower tier of society ; is coarse-grained enough to suit the taste of tho groundlings ; can swear like a drab, and drink unmeasured quantities of corn whisky ; is a backwoods squatter and Western pioneer ; has fought with bears on the frontiers and smelt powder at Buena Vista. Tho ticket was made to kill ! N. Y. Tribune. Another Moitara Case. The Observateur of Brussels says : "Another affair, something like that of tho boy niortara, has occurred at Cologne, but with a very defferent issue. A young Jewess, of Reuss, aged sixteen, who at tended a school at that town kept by some Ko man Catholic nuns, one day told her parents that she wished to turn Catholic. As her father refused to sanction that step, sho clan destinely left her home and went to a priest, who immediately took her to a convent in Co logne. Her father having asertained where sho was, applied at once to the authorities of Cologne, and they caused his daughter to bo restored to him, notwithstanding that she had been already baptized. The father intends to prosecute the priest." Herschel V. Johnson, tho Douglas candi date for Vice President, is reported to bo 'sound' on 'Squatter Sovereignty.' as follows : "Slave property stands on the same footing as all other descriptions of property and neith er the General Government, nor ant terri torial government, can destroy or impair the right to slave property in the territories any more than the right to any other decription of property ; property of all kinds, slaves as well as any other species of property in the territo ries, stands upon the same equal and broad Constitutional basis, and subject to like prin ciples of recognition and protection in the Le gislative, judicial, and executive departments of tho Government." The Locofoco editors pretend to aver that all the qualifications claimed for Abe Lincoln are that "be is a good raftsman, and a capital hand to split rails." Not at all. Wo can afford to throw in these good qualities, and prove besides, from his speeches that he is fully competent to guide the government and dissect the subtle arguments of the Black De mocracy. He has mauled tbe life out of the Little Giant in Illinois, and has now the title or "Me the Giant Killer," in addition to that of the "Raftsman and Rail-Splitter." A traveling Yankee put up at a country inn, where number of country loungers were as sembled telling stories. After sitting some time and attentively listening to their folly, he suddenly turned and asked them how much they supposed he bad been offered for tho dog he had with him. They all rose : one guessed five dollars, another ten dollars, another fif teen, until be had exhausted their patience, when ono of them seriously asked how much he had been offered. "Not a darned cent," he replied. A SrrNKT Woman. The dwelling house of an old sea captain in Saybrook, Ct., was enter ed by burglars a few nights since, when no one was in the house but his wife and a couple of infant children. She met them at the door, with a revolver in hand, and told them if they advanced one step they were dead men. They looked at her, consulted together a few min utes, and then sneaked away. As Mr. Toodles would say, "Such a woman is handy to have in the house." As tar up as thet Go We have just heard a good 'un. Not long ago a distinguished di vine of this city was walking with a friend past a new church, in which another distin guished divine is shepherd. Said the friend to tbe D. D., looking up at tbe spire., which was tall and yet not completed, "How much higher is that going to be ?" "Not much," Answered the D. D., with a sly laugh, "they don't own far in that direction." The friends of Mr. Douglas in Kentucky, knowing they would be in the minority in the State Convention, have seceded in advance, and are going ia a gang by themselves to bold a Convention in Louisville on the 11th of Au gust. The Louisville Democrat tbe Douglas Organ advertises this as the "Regular State Democratic Convention." Talleyrand, the prime minister of Napo leon, was disliked by Mme. do Stael. It so happened that Talleyrand was lame and Mme. cross-eyed. Meeting one day, Mme. says, "Monsieur, how is that poor leg?" Talley rand quickly replied, "Crooked, as you see." They have a calf in Winona, Minn., with two beads, two mouths and four eyes, which is being exhibited to tbe curious under the ap propriate title of the Democratic animal.' BUTTER-MAKING. lho following article on butter-making is contributed to the Rural Xew Yorker by A. D. Burt, who has taken many premiums in New York State Fairs. His views deserve general attention because a great deat of bad butter finds its way to market, owing to the want of correct mtormation In making and packing it. Mr. Burt says : First, I consider that it is absolutely necessary to have good, sweet pas turage, with an abundance of the best grasses, and an unstinted supply of pure fresh water, not such detestable stuff as can be found in stagnant pools, but such as you behold when you "see the rill from the mountain joyously gleam," where the cows can slake their thirst and feel invigorated. Tbe pasture should have shade trees sufficient to accommodate all,with out the necessity of disturbing each otber in the excessive heat of midsummer. Then have cows suitable for a butter dairy ; not those that give the largest amount of milk, but the rich est, yielding a large supply of the rich orange colored cream. The cows should bo salted regularly, at least twice each week, as it will keep them in health and in a thriving condi tion, which is needful for profit. Always be sure to drive them carefully to and from the pasture ; never allow them to be worried by boys or dogs, as it will tend to heat the milk and often cause great delay in the churning, which some will impute to witchcraft, and that correctly, but the witchery, 1 believe, is in o-ver-heating tbe inoffensive cow and often caus ing injurious effects upon the poor dumb beast. Always be regular in your time for milking, and let one person (as much as possible) milk tbe same cow or cows, and be sure to milk them as quickly and thoroughly as possible, for you thereby save the richest part, and of ten save knots from forming in the teats, or causing a milk feer, or inffamation in the ud der. A clean, cool, airy and light room (the lighter the better) is tbe most suitable place for the pans, and racks instead of shelves, is considered the best, as the air can circulate freely around the pans, cooling the milk more evenly. A common house cellar will very sel dom be found a suitable place for setting milk, and the cream or milk in a cellar should never be placed on the floor or bottom, for if there is any impure air or gas in the cellar it will set tle to theground,causing the cream to be bitter, and a poor quality of butter will bo the result. After setting the milk away it should never be disturbed again until it is ready to bo skim med, which should bo done as soon at pos sible after the cream has risen and before the milk has cnrdlcd ; all the gain there is in quantity after about twenty-four hours' setting vou must lose in quality. Keep the cream in stone pots or jars, in a cool place in summer (moderately warm in winter.) Sprinkle a lit tie salt on the bottom of the jar. Always stir the cream from the bottom every time you add a fresh skimming of milk. Never churn until at least twelve hours after the last cream has been put in the jar. After the cream has been churned and the butter properly gather ed, it should then be washed in cold water and changed two or three times, cr until there is no coloring of milk about the water ; the whole of the water must then be worked from the butter, and it should be salted with about twelve ounces of tbe bestAsbton dairy salt, well pulverized, to sixteen pounds, or three fourths of an ounce to each pound of butter. The salt should be evenly worked through tbe entire mass. I differ much with many of our butter-makers in the quantity of salt, but I have taken the first premium at our county fair (in the Fall) on J unc-made butter that was salted with half an ounce to each pound, and packed Immediately, without a second work ing, and that butter, when thirteen months old, was just as sweet as when first packed. Always pack immediately, as it tends to make it streaked if it is worked a second time. It should be packed in jars, if for home use; if for market, in the best oak firkins or tubs, which should he well soaked with cold water, then scalded and steamed by pouring boiling water in, and covering to keep tho steam in for a short time, say twenty or thirty minutes. Then pour off the water and scrub the firkin with salt or with soda, then wipe out the sur plus, give it a slight rinse and, when cooled, it is ready for use. When the firkin or jar is full, cover the butter with good sweet brine, to exclude the air." Don't like Widowers. In endeavoring to take the census for the government, the mar shals occasionally meet with such difficulties as well nigh deprive them of their senses. Tho following colloquy is said to have taken place somewhere between a marshal and an Irish woman : "How many male members have you in the house ? "Nary a one." "When were you married ?" "The day Pat Doyle left Tipperary for Ameriky. Ah well I mind it. A sun-shinier day niver glibed the day of ould Ireland." "What was tbo condition of your husband before marriage I" "Divil a man moro miserable, no said that if I didn't give him a promise within two weeks he would blow his brains out with a crowbar." "Was ho at tho time of your marriage a single man or a widower T" "A which 1 a widower, did you say 1 Arrah, now, go 'wid ycr nonsense, ls't the likes of me that would take up with a secon-hand hus band ! Do I look like a wife of a widower ? A poor divil, all legs and consumption, like'a sick turkey. A widower 1 May I never lw blessed if I wouldn't rather life an ould maid, and bting up a family on buttermilk and pra ties.". Mr.Yanct "No Sardine." There are va rious ways of complimenting people. The south-western heroes have thought it the bight of glory to be called balf-horse and half-alligator. But we think that Mr. Yancy, who has figured so largely of late, has received a title of honor which is perfectly unique and new. We leave our readers to judge what it means. At a public meeting, held in Calhoun county, Alabama, tbe following resolution was passed : - Resolved, That Col. Wm.L. Yancy is no sar dine no one-horse institution, but a whole, a perfect team, and justly entitled to our warm est thanks for his manly, able and eloquent defence of the rights of the south. J. B. Brown, of Alexandria, Va., who was arrested and tried on a charge of circulating incendiary documents, such as "Helper's Im pending Crisis," N. Y. Tribune, &c, has had a fair and impartial trial, although the books were fonnd in his possession, yet be was hon orably discharged, ''. THE FIVE POINTS. Five Points, says the New York To, com prises five blocks, bound by Leonard and Bay ard streets on the north, Mulberry aud Chat ham streets on the cast, Pearl street on tho south, and Centre street on the west. Tho to tal number of bouses is 205; of which 212 are front and C3 rear houses. Tho number of floors is 883 j of rooms 3,676 ; of tenements 1,065 ; of basements underground, occupied as residences, 139. Tho population is, 1,616 families, 7,21S per sons 4,598 adults and 2,515 children. Of tho adults, 2,615 cannot read and write, and of the children only 925 attend school. In 414 families there are no children, owing to tho terrible mortality which year by year is al most incredibly destructive. In many fami lies having children, more have died than now survive. A large portion of the offspring aro still-born. The statistics of tho dead almost surpass belief. Tbe population is fearfully crowded. Most of the houses aro less thau three stories high, small inconvenient and un wholesome. A portion of the inhabitants oc cupy the sixty-three rear buildings. Tho threo hundred other houses accommodate above two hundred stores, liquor shops, gro ceries, meat markets, shoe stalls, clothing warehouses, junk and pawn-broker's shops, coffin factories, ect., besides above five thous and inhabitants. One hundred and thirty nine tenements are basements, generally a- bout nine feot under ground, dark, filthy and unventilated ; hot-beds lor engendering pesti lence. Many of these have subterranean com munications often crossing the streets. In many of the apartments all the clothinttand bedding is perfectly saturated with dampness and unwholesome exhalations. Tho sanitary condition of the streets, hou ses and yards absolutely beggars all power of description. Often two, three and even four families occupy a single apartment, and the premises are seldom cleansed. It would not bo proper here to speak of the domestic and househald arrangements common in this part of the Sixth Ward. How can mortals be preserved where comfort does not exist. where filth is ubiquitous and decency unattain able ? All tbo conditions of living, food, clothing, beds, apartments, neighbors, etc. are directly calculated to render the people diseased,and overthrow even the remembrance of morality and social refinement. The streets are covered with garbage ; and the gutters overflow with fluid, stagnant, filthy, and redo lent of noisomness and the cbarncl. The Gwin-Bcchanan Qearrel. All the at tempted explanations of the scene between Bu chanan and Gwin aro false and fabricated. They have come together, it is true, but un der circumstances which reflect discredit on both. No President who respected himself, would consent to bo reconciled after the in sulting language which was applied to him, and no Senator who valued his position, could submit to the humiliation of recanting, with out a surrender of personal dignity. In either case, tbe parties are not benefitted by the con temptible explanation which has been put be fore tbe public. Three of the choir of young girls who, drcss sed in white, greeted Washington as he enter ed Trenton in 1789, on his way to New York to assume tho Presidency, and strewed bis pathway with flowers, still survive. One 3et lives in Trenton, one is the mother of Sena tor Chestnut, of South Sarolina, and one, Mrs. Sarah Hand, resides in Cape May coun ty, New Jersey. The Democratic National Convention broke up in a row, Democratic State Conventions break up in rows, Democratic District, Coun ty and City Conventions break up in rows, and Democratic Committees break up in rows. When before in the world's history was thero ever such a set of rowdies Lou. Jour. The Hon. John P. Hale has sued tho propri etors of the Boston Courier for an alleged li bel published on the 2d July. The Courier establishment was on Saturday a-week attach ed, pending the result. Mr. Hale lays bis da mages at $10,000. Eminent counsul have been engaged to defend the suit. A country mayor promised to attend a meet ing but broke his engagement. When rcraoiv strated with he excused himself by saying that' he had been attending another meeting, and then plaintively added, "I couldn't come, you know ; can't be in two places at once, am not amphibious ! Mr. Redpath states that there is no truth in. tbe statement that the widow of John Brown has received $30,000 from Ilayti. Sho has not yet received a dollar from that country. Furthermore) that the aid received by the fam ily in this country is not as large as reported. Mrs. Elizabeth P. M'Crauey has been arrest ed at Oneonta, New York, charged with tho gradual poisoning of her step-daughter, Hul- dah Ann M'Craney, aged 17 years, and an unusually beautiful girl. The trial will coma off in December next. "Mother," said a little fellow the other day, "Is there any harm in breaking egg shells ?" 'Certainly not, my dear, but why do you ask ?" "Because I dropped tbe basket just now, and see what a mess I'm in with the yolk." Tho Iowa Slate Register says that five voters in one family at Rising Sun, near Des Moines, who voted the Democratic ticket last year, are now in favor of the Republican ticket. Thus it goes everywhere. "Paddt," said a joker j "why don't you get your ears cropped they are entirely too long for a man!" "And. yours," repifed Pat, "ought to be lengthenedr-they are too sbort lor an ass ! " A. S. Belt, Esq., one of the most talented' Democrats of Cedar county, Iowa,1 has declar ed himself for Lincoln and Hamlin. He de signs shortly to take the stump in their favon , If the old maxim is true, that the idle bead is the workshop of the Devil, there are locali ties in all our villages and cities where a large amount of manufacturing is daily going on. Tho Republican i Club of Marine, Madison, county, Illinois,' now numbors 181 members, of whom 70 voted for Douglas two years ago. A good beginning, that. V V.' i I: