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BY S. J. R0.
CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 1862. VOL. 8.TCO. 18. THE NEW CALL FOB VOLUNTEERS. BT OUTER WENDKLL HOLMES- Listn, young herors ! jour country is calling ! Time strikes the hour for the brave and the true ! . Now. while the foremost are fighting and falling Fill up the ranks that hare opened for you ! Yon whom the fathers made free and defended, Stain not the scroll that emblasons their fame ! You who? fair heritage spotless descended. Leave not your children a birthright of abamo ! Star not for questions while Freedom stands gasp ing! Wait not till Honor lies wrapped in his pall ! Brief the lips meeting be, swift the bands clasp ing "Off to the wars !" is enough for tbom all. Break from the arms that would fondly caress you ! Hark! 'tis the bugle-blast! sabers are drawn ! Mothers shall pray for you, fathers shall bless you. Maidens shall weep for you when you are gone ! Never or now! cries the blood of a nation -Poured on the turl where the red roses should bloom ; Now is the day and the hour of salvation Never or now ! peals the trumpet of doom ! . Never or now ! roars the hoarse-throated cannon Through the black canopy blotting the skies ; Never or now ! flaps the shell-blasted pennon O'er the deep ooze where the Cumberland lies ! From the foul dens where our brothers are dying, Aliens and foes in the land of their birth, From the rank swamps where our martyrs are lying Fleading in vain for a handf ul of earth ! From the hot plains where they perish outnum bered. Furrowed and ridged by the battle-fields' plow, Comes the loud summons ; too long you have slumbered. Hear the last Angol-trump Never or JJow ! BZPORT OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT, For fchool year ending Jane, 1862. School Houses Within the year, for which this report is made, three new houses were built in Boccaria, one in Boggs, one in Gov. lngton,two in Decatur, one in Girard, one in Huston, three in Lawrence, and two In I'ike. The Directors of Curwensville purchased a second hand Methodist meeting-house, had it fitted, up, making two first-class school rooms they however failed to properly seat them, (that this was a judicious investment of funds is very problematical, inasmuch as they owned at tho time a first-class building lot), making a total of 16 new houses built within the year. Thoso built in Covington, Decatnr, Huston and one In Pike, are first class. Most of the other new houses built this year are at best but second-class. If an addi tional fifty or one hundred dollars had been .cKnded op ah house, they would be first class for our county j and as in other things, the best article In the end is tho cheapest to liave done so would bo economy. We havo yt too many cold, uncomfortable houses, though sorflo boardsofDirectorsdeservegre.it credit lor tho Improvements they have made. Thv average length of 117 houses is 25 64 feet, longest 36 feet, shortest 18 feet; average midth of 117 houses, 21.77 icet, widest 80, narrowest 21 j average heighth of 117 houses, HZl feet, highest 14, lowest 7. Wood is used In 70 houses, coal in 53. Furniture. Most of the new houses have sufficient and desirable furniture, though in a few instances Directors have failed in this re spect. Nearly all our old houses ate hut jKorly supplied with furniture j improve ment in this respect is now being made in some districts. Jypatatui. Eight houses have no appara tus ot any kind. In forty the blackboards are nllrely too small to answer a valuable pur pose. The others have sufficient black sur face to answer all desirable purposes. Tho two new houses in Decatur have a black sur face different from any thing of tho kind in the county ; and should it not crack and scale off, will answer the purpose intended better than any thing 1 have seen. In several schools I found maps of the United States, and a few charts and a globe each in two schools, belong ing to the teachers. The Houses in Boggs, 31 orris and Graham are furnished with Or rvns' school cards. Graded Schools. We have no graded schools except in Clearfield and Curwensville, and in them it is not very strictly adhered to. Clas sification is observed among us when a suffi ciency of books are on hand. Ttachtrs profession, and age. Tho whole number of applicants for the teachers profes sion examined in the county, during the year, was barely suIicient including twelve hold ing county certificates, and excluding six to whom certificates were denied to sup,.ly the rchools of the county. No teacheis found qualified in every respect to entitle them to lull professional standing. Tho average age of 125 teachers employed during the year is 21.E8 years, the youngest 17, the oldest 07 ; of whom 51 were females and 71 males; all with the exception of G were born in Penn sylvania, but not much over half of them born in our own county. Citizens of Clearfield counfy,we should grow more teachers, and de pend less upon a foreign market for a supply. F or advocating this measure, I have, by some, been called selfish. Visitations I visited every school that was in session in the county once, with one single exception ; 23 twice, and a few a third time ; average duration of visits 2J hours. Deliver ed a short address in 104 schools; spent 232 days, and traveled 2372 miles on official busi ness. In many districts one or more of tho teachers dismissed their schools and accom panied me to the next, taking, in some in stances, a portion of their scholars with them. This had a salutary effect on all parties. In many instances one or more Directors accom panied me at visitations. These visits have been made a means to find out teachers quali fications to impart instructions to others ; ex animations can do but little more than ascer tain their literary acquirements. Ofthefre floency of visits by Directors, citizens and teachers to the schools, I can give no reliable i account, though I bave notes of numerous Visits by these personages. Secretaries I do not know what campeusa- tlon Secretaries receive, either as recorders of jninntea or as District Superintendent : tho 'tter office, with the duties properly perform eJ. is of lasting benefit to the schools. Intitules. Where Institutes are organized 'n District l,t bey hold two meetings per month, either central or circular ; they are attended j7 11 the teachers of the district ; by some from adjoining districts, when tho distance is jtt too great, and by the county Superinten dent when practicable. The good, effect of Mio Institutes are felt by all in attendance that cure anything about them. Moral Instruction. The Scriptures arc daily read in all our schools, except 2G ; other de votional exercises in 33; moral instruction by example In 5(5. SomeJiranches. English grammar nnd in tellectual arithmetic received more attention tho past year than ever before, though in a number of schools they are lamentably neg lected ; excuse, deficiency of hooks. Teach ers should have the element withiu themselves and give instructions without books, instead of forever complaining of a want of them. Composition. This very important branch of education is much neglected ; though a few teachers deserve credit for requiring it of their more advanced pupils twice each week. With another few it is a mere farce ; they re quire something to be written, but give no further attention to it. ' Progress With 12 exceptions teachers have given better satisfaction than I thought they could do. There being so many beginneis I did not look for great things. One fact how ever I discovered, that a few in their first term gave more complete' satisfaction, than a liKu number with considerable experience. The latter class will not I presume feel themselves much flattered by this anouncement. Examinations. My practice is to combine the oral with the. written, but chiefly the for mer. After the oral excorcise in English Grammar, 1 give a few correct and a few in correct sentences to each teacher, or slips of paper, and require them to tell mo ami the audience, ail they know about them, or what they would require of their pupils In like cases. So in Written Arithmetic, require a solution on paper, have the teachers reproduce the questions cr problems to the audience togeth er with f ho solutions and the reasons therefor. I encourage tho timid, commence with easy questions and generally have about the same kind for tho whole class. True, if a teacher answer with great facility, 1 propound some thing of greater difficulty. II a teacher answer an easy question with only the same facility that another answers a more difficulty one, I do not give the former as high a figure as the latter. My reasons for adopting this course have been derived from experience. Qualifications. I do not think the average estimate of teacheis qualifications this year is so good as last, though some are d cidedly iHjtter. My reason is so many new ami inex perienced candidates in the profession. females. The proportion of. funnies em ployed and result of their teaching as com pared with last jenr remains about tin- same; though 10 have better scholarship and teacli with greater success than last year. Summer Schools. Seven Districts h id sum mer schools, eithei by subscription or other wise. It is expedient and is desirable th it summer schools whuro they hive them should commeuce after harvest and bo continued through the winter under charge of tho same teacher. This frequent changing of teachers is a great hindrance to the progress of our schools. A medium teacher is better than frequent changes. Hoarding round. The plan of "hoarding round" has a bad effect upon teachers and scholars. It is expected that teachers will converse in every family, and if they do to any great extent, their studies must be neglect ed ; and it their studies are neglected the schools must suffer. Besides it is next to im possible in this county for females to board round consequently their services must bo dis pensed with in winter. Five dollars per month among farmers is about a fair price lor board. Troublous times. The troubles of the times have not efiected injuriously public sentiment in respect to tho importance of education, though the pist year some thought we could not possibly raise funds sufficient to pay teachers and were willing to dispense with schools for the present. Directors however persevered and opened them in every District iH the county with two exceptions; the peo ple acquiesced and all now appear satisfied. 7: Prospects. Lumber (our staple) having brought a good pric-, the growing crops give evidence of an abundauco harvest, and this gigantic, wicked and causeless rebellion hav ing probably reached its meridian, prospects have brightened and schools will be opened as heretofore throughout tho county. Oitr wants. We want more good teachers, a greater length of school term, more regular attecdanco of pupils, and a better co-operation of parents with teachers to secure and maintain good government. Defaulting Districts. Ferguson and Law rence bad no schools in operation within the year; and Woodward only one out of three in that district ; they of course forfeit their share of State munificence; I do not expect reports from thoso Districts. Suggestions. I believe great good would re sult, if teachers were required to make month ly reports of their schools to the couuty Su perintendent, as that officer is now required to do to the central oilice. I do not mean that any of the duties of that officer would or should be diminished by bis proposal ; on the contrary they would be increased. I hold it would bo a good plan in this county, where" the best teachers are not abundant, to have the same teacher take charge of two schools on alternate days, in all localities where schools are not too remote from each other. About one third of our teaching force could be dispensed with, the best being retained. The term being extended over a period of eight months teachers could allord to take a little less wages than where the term is only four months. There need be no excuse lor absence; children having half their time to labor and do what was needful to bo done at home. Policy proposed. Teachers having failed to respond to my invitation for normal instruc tion, my plans now are to unite two or three adjoining Districts, when practicable, and give instructions in some branches, at the close of examinations, and to encourage or insist upon teachers reading and studying more educational works, they being now quite abundant. Jesse Bboomall, Curwensville, June, 1862. Co. Sup't. It may be perhaps hard to decide which is tho most destructive the mortar in the battle field, or the mortar in the drug store. : i A wag lent a clergyman a horse which ran away and threw him. and then claimed credit lor "aiding in spreading the gospel." When a woman intends giving her beau tho mittens she begins by knitting her brow. REMARKS OF JUDGE KNOX, On taking the Chair as President of the Peoples State Convention, held at Ilarrisburg, July 17th, 1802. The gentlemen of the convention will please accept my thanks for thair kind partiality in selecting me to preside over their delibera tions. I rejoice to be hereto-day, acting in concert with the true and loyal men of Penn sylvania, regardless of former political asso ciations, and recognizing at this eventful time as the only true tests of fellowship and com munion, love of country, devotion to the A merican Union, a fixed and unalterable deter mination to uphold and sustain the Govern ment of the United States, and to resist to the death the armies of that Government when ever and wherever found. ("Applause I rejoice especially to be here, because I can in this way evince my desire to strengthen the hands of that honest man and patriotic statesman, the President of the United States, to cheer him on, and to bid him and his trust worthy counsellors God speed in their noble labors for maintenance of our Government and the preservation of our country. Ap plause. Yes, gentlemen, it is to me a source of great pleasure to be able to declare that, in my judgment, the men at the head of our Nation al and State administrations are, in this terri ble crisis, doing their whole duty, and are con- sequently entitled to our entire confidence and our warmest support. I envy not that man who cannot now look beyond the platform of his party, to the stand ard ol his country. The question is not now which political par ty shall administer the government, or what men shall fill its offices, but it is whether there shall be oflices to fill or a government to ad minister, and until this momentous question is settled, for one, I shall act with the men who are the most in earnest in their efforts to destroy this rebellion, and tho most determin ed, signally to punish the rebels, their aiders and abettors. I repeat, gentlemen, that I have great con fidence in Abraham Lincoln, and his chosen counsellors, and 1 must be permitted to say, that especially do I confide in tho clear head, sound mind and honest heart of the Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, our own immedi ate representative in the Cabinet. I say this with a full knowledge that of lab; a systematic attempt has been made to bring this officer into disrepute, and to cause his re moval from the high and responsible position which he now so ably fills. Every disappointed man. whether for the opportunity of acrving his country with a ti tle prefixed to his name, or for 1 mulshing the munitions of war, at largo profits, visits his vengeance upon the head of Mr. Stanton. The friends of this oflicer cannot, of course, complain of the most careful scrutiny into his official conduct, and do by no means deny that he ma)', like others, have committed mis uses ; yet when it is seen that the most un measured abuse is continually lavished upon him and his acts; that he is In: Id responsible for consequences, to prevent which has been entirely beyond his power, and charged with disasters arising from movements, which he neithei counseled nor directed, it becomes necessary to look for the causes which have induced, and the motives which havo prompt ed these attacks. For myself, I believe he has thus been at tacked, 1st, Because he is truly in earnest in his determination to put down this rebellion, and 21, Because he performs his official duty without fear, favor or affection. Thoso of us who are pesonally acquainted with Mr. Stanton, know that his intellect is of the highest order; that he is possessed ot a character for integrity , which even malice has never d ired to question, and that what he un dertakes to do, he does with all his might. I do not say that all of his opponents or those who counsel his removal from the War Department, are either knaves or secession ists; but I do say, that the Northern sympa thisers with this wicked rebellion, with great unanimity assert that Mr. Stanton ought not to be the Secretary of War, and strange as it may seem tho very patriotic gentlemen who have no objections to contracts which yield very large profits, havo also discovered that the mannar in which he conducts his depart ment is highly prejudicial to the public inter ests. Add to this restiveness of the press at the restrictions placed upon the transmis sion of military news, and a certain bluntness of manner which is the occasion of oflenco being sometimes taken where none is inten ded to be given, and you have the solution of his alleged unpopularity, and the reasons why he has thus been singled out for swift destruc tion. To praise Gen. McClellan, whilst denoun cing Secretary Stanton, is a part of the plan of the rebellion sympathisers ; hoping there by to create divisions and dissensions amongst the friends of the Union and the supporters of the Goverement. I doubt that man's judgment who denies to Gen. McClellan, great military skill, couplud with the most ardent and enthusiastic devo tion to that flag under which he marshals his hosts for battle, as I question the sii cerity and patriotism of him, who whilst exalting Gen. McClellan, vilifies and abuses the Presi dent and his constitutional advisers. The true friends of our glorious cause, sup port in their respective jurisdictions both Stan ton and McClellan, for they are alike engaged with all their great powers in sustaining and up holding the best government that ever floated on tho tide of time, and in crushing the most damnable rebellion ,that ever men or devils were engaged in, since tho arch fiend himself made his impious attempt to supplant tho master of Heaven, and to dethrone the Creator of the u niverse. Applause. Let us my friends beware of the devices of these hollow-hearted,pretended friends, and let the true men'of the nation, whether in the tent ed field, or the council chamber, be upheld and sustained, and let our denunciations be reserv ed for those who are endeavoring to destroy the government, and disunite the States. Our fath ers constructed this government by long suffer ing, and under great and terrible privations. They cemented the Union of these States with their life's blood, and thus raised and reared the magnificent edifice, so that it should remain a monument to their wisdom and patriotism for ever and forever. Shall their sons permit the destruction of this fair temple, and pass to their children, not the glorious inheritance, which thev received from their fathers, but a divided, mutilated and dissevered estate, without "form J or comliness," to be regarded only by the na tions of the earth as a fit subject for scorn and reproach. Shall the language of England's groat poet ever be applicable to this "America of ours ?" "Land of the unforgotten brave, "Whose clime, from plain to mountain's cavo, "Was Freedom's home or glory's grave. "Shrine of the mighty can it bo "That this is all remains. of thee ?" No no, heaven forbid, rather let us look for ward to that day, when peace shall agaiu be restored to our common country ; when no government, or pretended government shall be recognised by any part of tho American people, except that government which was presided over by Washington in its infancy, strengthened ami perfected by Adams "and Jefferson, Madison and Monroe, in its youth, protected by the iron will and unflinching courage of Andrew Jackson in its early age. and now preserved from the attacks of a traitorous brood by the strong arms and wil ling hearts of more than five hundred thou sand true American soldiers. To this end, let us maintain our country's cause with our treasure, and if needs be, with our blood. Let us refuse all intercourse, po litically and personally, with siich as are now false to the old flag, and let us swear by our manhood and our hopes of heaven, never to yield to this rebellion, even though, in resist ing it our hearthstones should become a deso lation and our homes a dream. Applause. The Lower Class. Who are they The toiling millions, the laboring men and women, the farmer, the mechanic, the artist, the in ventor, the producer ? Far from it. These are nature's nobility Gods favorites tho salt of the earth. No matter whether they are high or low in station, rich or poor in pelf, conspicuous or humble in position, they are the "upper circle" in tho order of nature, whatever the factitious distinction of fashion able society. It is not low ; it is the highest duty, ptivilege, pleasure for the great men and tho whole-souled women to earn what they possess, to work their way through life, to be the architects of their own fortune. Some may remark the classes we have alluded to are only relatively low, and in tact tho middle classes. We insist that they are absolutely the very highest.. Is there a class of beings on earth who may properly be denominated low ? If so, it is composed of those who con sume without producing, who dissipate the earnings of their lathers or relatives without laboring or doing any thing themselves. In the town of Lexington, in Kentucky, lives a worthy doctor of medicine by the name of S . The doctor is a very tall, thin man and dresses in the "shirt and beanpole"' style. A simple countryman was advised to call on the doctor for medical advice. Whon he did so S was not iu his office, aud Johuy Raw getting tired waiting, commeuced looking around. lie passed into the back room, and the first thing that greeted his terror stricken eyes was a skeleton, standing uptight, with a horrid gain upon his skinless features. With one bound Johnny landed in the other room just as the doctor entered tho street door. One look was enough, through tho window went Johnny screaming : "Go away ! You can't fool me! I know you, if you havo got your cloths on ?" One night, alter the countersign was on, the quartermaster of one of the Pennsylvania reg iments, endeavoring to cuter the lines, was challenged by an Irish sentinel : "Halt ! Who goes there ?" "A friend, without the countersign." "Well, what do you want ?" "I am the quartermaster, aud I wunt to get in to my regiment, and, not knowing thecoun tersign, Fsuppose I shall have to go back and get it." "Is that all ? An' bo j.ibcrs, what's to pre vint megivin' yo the countersign ?" "Nothing, I suppose." The anntinel gave him the countersign, and tho quartermaster entered the lines with a beaming face,. to tell his story to a circle of laughing comrades. Robert Ould, District Attorney at Washing ton, under Buchanan, and a particular favor ite of the ex-President, is at Richmond, act idg as Judge Advocate of the court martial being held for the trial of Commodore Tatnall on the charge of destroying the Merrirnac. It would be a curiosity to seo a statement of the number of the O. P. F.'s officeholders who are now true to tho country and the flag. The list would take but a small space in a newspaper. Well Put. A cotcmporary says : "Prob ably when our people are drafted to go South to encounter the bullets of the rebels aud tl.o diseases of the swamps, tliey will come to the conclusion that a negro is no better than a white man that in this contest the colored people have as good a right to bo shot as the whites." One of tho rebel flags captured by General Curtis' troops, near Grand Glaize, in Arkan sas, bore tho following pleasant mottoes : "Run, nigger, run! or Lincoln will catch you." "War to tho knife, and the knifo to the hilt." 'Death to home traitors." The shipment of Pennsylvania rock oil or petroleum, from this country to Europe, dur ing tho first six months of the present year, amounted to considerably mora than one mil lion of dollars.: This for a trade that is in its infancy, is a large business. ;. An old farmer tells us that it is a singular fact that there aro few or no crows now in tho country hereabouts. They have all disappear ed. Where havo they gone J To the horrid banquet in Virginia I Hartford Times. - "Well, Sambo, how do you like your new place?" "O, berry ' well, Massa.". "What did you have for breakfast this morning V' "Why you see misses biled tree eggs for her self and gave me de brofF." The farmers of the southern part of Illinois are now in the midst of their harvest. It is thought that the quality ot the new wheat was never better, and the yield is abundant The power of sympathy on children is won derful. No one can do anything with them, who docs rxo know bow to awaken U. CORRESPONDENCE OF THE "JOURNAL.' Camp nkar H arrisons Landing, Va. i July 13th, li02. Dear liow : I iio not propose to give you full details of the terribly contested battles which have so recently taken place on the Peninsula. Much of their interest would bo absorbed by the deductions whicil you, ami your readers, have already drawn trom the tho scores of published accounts. Many of those accounts however. I .am sorry to say, do gross injustice to portions of our men, while others, who have more regard for truth and who do not make such heavy drafts upon the imagination, seeK to do justice as Ur as they go, but the exact truth will never bo known uitil it is divulged through the proper channel from official sources. However, I concluded that "it would not be inappro priate to communicate, at this time some incidents, which in a local point of view, may be of some interest to 3-our readers, though they may not be entirely new to many of them. I shall also endeavor to give you some gener al Ideas of the feeling and opinions of the men, so fir as my observation extends, in re gard to tho seven days lighting aud the deduc tions drawn therefrom. From ail tho trying scenes, of this series of battles, the Penu'a Reserve corps has emerg ed, thinned in numbers, but covered with glory, and calling down the encomiums of impartial observers who witnessed their un flinching bravery, from beginning to cud. At times, when borne down by uu immense pre ponderance ot numbers, they were compelled to temporarily f ill back, bu in turn they as quickly rallied ami hurled back the bristling tide of their adversaries witli terrible slaught er. Its brave anil efficient commander, who was ever present in the thickest of the fight, has won for himself immortal honors. His unassuming manners and unexampled cool ness, as it were in the very jaws of death, had endeared him to the command which, under his management, had become so proficieut iu all those attributes which go to make up the perfection of the American soldier. His tem porary loss at this time, with other brave aud accomplished officers, has left a void in the hearts ot their followers which will be difficult to fill. But, while their commanding talents and fertility of resources claim our admiration and respect, wo should not forget thoso of the lino who are equally deserving of honorable mention. Their deeds of valor too, entitle their names to be inscribed high up in tho roll ot achievements in the work of crushing out this rebellion arid in reestablishing the supremacy ot the constitution and the laws. While there are so many of this class equally deserving, it would seem invidious to particu larize, but 1 cannot refrain from adding my humble testinioney to the bravery of some of thoso with whom 1 have been associated; Yet, there aro others in whose welfare I feel a local pride, and whose coolness and intrepidity entitle them to the special admiration of many of your readers. In tho death of Capt. H. Easton of Battery A 1st Penn'a artillery wo have lost a brave commander and a true Patriot. When over powered by the force of numbers on the event ful Friday which terminated his cxistance when those around him were falling back, and there seemed to bo no hope that the foitunes of tho day could bo saved he was summoned to surrender, but ho scorned the summons aud replied withharacteristic bravery, "Nev er !" aud a moment after be was shot through tho heart. His little band however, contin ued to Gght on, but were soon overpowered aud forced to retreat. Sergeant Reece ol Clear field county was taken prisoners but through tho negligence of the guard and influence of bad whiskey, ho managed to slip through their fingers and escape. Captains Siniih and Larimer, not satisfied with merely leading their respective commands to bat'le, demon strated, practically their heart felt interest in the cause by fighting all diy with their rifles. Many instances of personal heroism might be noticed, but I have not time and space fur them. The men are in good spirits and ready aud willing again tor tho fight, when the proper time arrives for our gallant chief to give tho word, iu him they have the fullest confi dence and believe that he is fully able to per form all be promised them in his 4th of July addiess. The soldiers do not think they were defeated as some miserable alarmists would fain havo the masses believe. Far from it. But, on the other hand they believe and know that on every successive field they were vic torious. They also believe, that every spot on which a battlo was fought, was chosen iu ad vance, and by the most tkilful Generalship the enemy was led to that spot and whipped, and held there till such timo as McClellan had his trains at a safe distance ; nnd then were they again permitted to advance upon our columns, only to sacrifice their lives to the unerring fire of our veteran soldiery. There seems now to be an almost magnani mous feeling, that tho plan of the campaign should bo somewhat changed. There is a universal murmur among our soldiers in ref erence to the Government being so chary of tho property of rebels. But it, seems as if the Government was influenced to look upon their property as something to sacred to be molested even by those who aro pouring out their life's blood to put down this unholy re bellion. The idea that our nidi must stand guard for tho protection td rebel property while they themselves aro in arms for tho de struction of the very principles for which we are fighting, is simply ridiculous. They have shown by their treason that they have forfeit ed right , to protection, and, iustead of pro tecting their property, we should take advan tage of every means in. our power to strength en our cause at the expense of the traitors. If the Government would crush out this ro belllon, and do it speedily, it must employ all the means at its command, and we are glad to know that the future is brightening. Already are we beginning to witness the con centration of public opinion, upon this vital point in tho management of this war. The healthy opinions of Fessenden, Wilkinson, Sherman, and a host of others, find a hearty reponso among' the soldiers of this army. Our men would hail with gladness the mo ment, when their duty in the trenches could be relieved by the thousands of unemployed negroes now within our lines, who would be eager to demonstrate their loyalty to the Government, and their repugnance to traitors, by their, willingness to accept the offer as soon as it would be tendered them. Let those who are opposed to this plan, from a tenderness to meddle with the sacred article, stand from under. This is Dot the timo to speculate in the interests of this or that po litical faction ; for the time bus now arrived when all our concentrated et'orts are nede"l to restore our beloved country to its former glory, and to throw around it such safeguards as will prevent the sceu of to-day from oc curring at any future period, however mote. Yours truly, W. K. B. A MORE VIGOROUS WAR POLICY. From the Nashville (Tcnn ) I'nion. lltli.J We are of the opinion that the war may be more vigorously prosecuted by several olhT important additions to our policy. And it ap pears perfectly clear to n that we should -void impoverishing and weakening our fi iends. and that we should impoverish and weaken, our enemies. We should relieve and aid the loyal, and we should cripple the disloyal in both cases, for the safely o the common wealth. This rebellion was unnecessarily and wickedly brought on against tho earnest en treaties of the loyal. It was plotted and plan ned and precipitated by men of fortune, ami the still'erers are tho loyal w ho c m prise ninety-nitre one hundreths of the mechanic, sma it farmers and Itboriug men of ti:c nation. On the other band, less than l'H,IHKI cirn fire sixths of the slaves of the col ion Stales and tktsi are all but unanimously traitors to the govern ment. We know something of this personal ly. Now, hitherto we hive tcen burdening the loyal people to clothe and leed sn army made necessary by tbu conduct of traitors, and on the other hau l so far have we been from making reb-ls feel the burden of tho war that McClellan, BuelF, and hundreds of other Fed eral officers have guir.h veer the field i cribs of notorious rtbcls to protect I hem front the depredations of our soldiers. ht jus lice is there in this? When a party bling suit iu court and looses it who pays the cost t When A assaults B, is not B"s property coLtis cated to a certain amount? Wliydoweuot subsist our armies on the provisions of the reoels and quarter our soldiers in their hou ses ? Why is it that we treat the vilest trai tors who ever cursed the glob with more len ity and even fawning servility than was ever seen, before in any contest ? The Louisville Journal regrets what it calls the radical idea ol impoverishing the enemy, and calls it "insane and ruinous." Well, in reviewing tho course of some of our generals there ate several oth er things which might be more fitly styled "insane," and we devoutly trust that they may not ultimately be "runious." Insane! flow insane to impoverish your foe and cut the sinews of his strength? How insaDe to seize upon his crops and support ours at no expense, or very little, while we reduced him. to starvation ? How insane to tell the toiling millions of the loyal States, whose kindred are pouring oid their blood in defence of the government, that the rebels who tn-gan shall foot the cost of this unholy war? How niin ous to lessen the. amount of taxation by hun dreds of millions? Who plough ;for tho reb els? Who sow and cultivate for the rebels ? Who fill their granaries with breadstuff's and prepare their meats I Who dig their trench es, throw up their embankments, construct their forts and plant their cannon ? Who, in all that pertains to the outfit and support ot an arruj- are its bone and sinew, without whose aid the rebel armies never could be collected,, and without whom they could not remain in arms one month ? We answer, the slaves of tho rebels. They are the life-blood and the breath of the rebellion. The loyal men of the nation are fighting against negro power. It seems to us absurd to say that tod-priv the rebels of this right arm of warfare, is con trary to civilized w arfare. Starring out is an old and universally recognized rule of war fare. Cut oil' your enemy's provisions when ever you can. If you can reduce him no other way, or it you can even do it more ea sily that way than any other, do it by hnner and thirst. It would puzzle a casuist to thow how starving your enemy is more inhuman and uncivilized than sticking a bayonet is bis body, or shooting a lull through his had. And for fear some constitutional man might object against the legality of depriving rebel ot their fda ves, we will quote tho opinion ot Hon. Robert Mallory, of Kentucky, on this point. He declared recently in Congress: "I think the slaves of southern rebel should be used, as our armies advance, in all menial service, such as boating and assisting on fortifications." If it be "radical" to take tb slaves of the rebels trom their masters, it is equally o to appropriate them to our use, as Mr. Mallory advices; and if their labor will benefit at it is plain that it must bo even more beneficial to the rebels, inasmuch as our soldiers are in ured to work, and the rebel officers and sol diers are not. As to Senator Browning" jeer at "paper bulletins" of confiscation, &c, they are wholly out of place, inasmuch as we don't desire that sort ot work. Wo want to see it carried out in practice. And let it be clearly nuderstood that if a negro escapes the dutch es of a rebel master, and gets within our lines, treason shall never have his assistance again. It is Senator Browning, and those who patro nizo Cooper Institute meetings, where the conservatives,"Resolve and re-resolve, arvl die the same," who are more liable than we are to the charge of waging war with paper bulletins. Nor is there the least reason for saying that this policy would exasperate the rebels. No one who has watched the devilish malignity of the rebels in Kentucky, where tho Federal forces have been stationed for months and catching the runaway negroes of rebels, w ill feel tho slightest fear on this point. The rebels are about as mad as they can be and tho class wo want to strike at in tend to stay mad. It is our policy to shove these men from their present ambuscades ol neutrality and force them into open hostility. We can fight a thousand impoverished rebels iore easily and safely than w e can contend against tho intrigues and plots of one hundred . rich rebels w ho are ostensibly neutral. For a more vigorous prosecution of the war and its early and successful termination, we advocate; 1. The immediate increase of our army to 1,000,000 or more if necessary, so tbat we can rain regiments upon rebel soil. 2. Subsist them off the rebels. 3. Never protect rebel property or graot compensations to traitors. 4. Weaken the rebel strength fci all possi ble ways; take away their resources of sub sistence especially, laborers included. 5. As our lines advance place the estates ol rich rebels at the disposal of the Federal gov ernment, to be devoted to defraying the et pensos of the war.