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Vrom the Sacanmth Ktjmblicun. Importint llrsimtchcs rrom Mexico. 'John L. Dorscy, lq., l-earcr of despatches fnm Mexico, to our Government, aimed in litis city 1asi evening, via. Key Writ nml Piiisacola, having li ft Vrra Ciuz on the 17lh ul. The despatches we learn, aenf a vrry important character in relation to our d Ihcullic with Mcxi co. When Mr. I. loft, great excitement prevailed toward the Government of the United States. A .proclamation was issued the ly before hisdep-u-lure, of a most violent sod i. ti am .tory chancier, alling upon the citizens to unite and resist (he ag gression of the United Slates; denouncing nurciti rtia a theivca, robbers and scoundrels, who arc dcMrnus to overthrow their religion, plumlcr their churches, and prostitute thc4r wives and daugh- tern. The Army of ihe Mexican Government amount to npwiirda of 50,000 effective men, and wn daily receiving addition from vai ions section of the ion rmmdiiig country. Upwaids of 21.1,000 men had been ordered to the frontier of Tex as, fui the pur pose of conquering it. Her Navy had also under gillie considerable increase, the Government hnvini! purchased two war sleami r in F.ngluuJ tor the purpose of co-ojiernting wiihthe Army. FURTHLR FROM MBXICfl. Mr. Dorsey, lartT of despatches to this Govern ment, who arrived in town on Tuesday morning n hi way to Washington, has furnished us with a few additional particulars in respect to the condi tion of thing in the Mexican Republic. At the present time, he says it ia almost impossible to form any defu ftc klea of the action of thitt Govrrnmcnl, n it is entirely under the control of Santa Ann. Under the seventh article of the Treaty, a Conven tion which was held in 18U, he sccurca lo him self the entire management of the iifl'airs of the Republic, and at this lime exercise domestic pow er. When the Congr.ss opened, it wng understood generally that miiny of it member would refuse 4o take the oath prescrilied ly the President, hut he. fore flic day arrived for their meeting, those who Viad particularly insi-ted upon overruling the deci sion of the President came forward and look the oath. In fact ihishody is entirely suliservi.nl lo his dictatorial view. He has, without the assent ofCor,eie...rr,cted an important nmdilic .tion of thr Tarijf system Many of Ihe ,n.,ul.,c-.tti,.g , establi-hments nnd merchants, were anxious for the removal of the interdiction as regard the introduc tion of cotton crops has failed in Mexico. f.inla Ana diterniined immediately te gutt fy this teque-l, accordingly the interdict was remiwd. but he soon discovered that he had net received a ivffirient trilie, and ag tin it wss soon established; but further o verlmes being made to annul the interdict, and the bribe being increased, Santa Ana agreed to their propositions, and after the 1st of October, it wa decided a it was generally Relieved, that cotton was to be imported into the country, p rying a small im port duly. It ishowevir apparent that Great Brit ain is opposed to this free trade policy, and it is said thai she will remonstiate agr.in-t any modification of the tiiriff duties, believeing Ibat it would be inju rious to her extensive manufacturing est iblisli ment. It wua also understood, that after the 1st day of NnvemlieT the interdiit ami the importation of bacon would lie removed. 'I bese steps h ive been taken wilhlwof.d d object first, to gratify the cupidity of S.iiila Ana, and j secondly to augment her revenue. The augmenta tion of her revcnHO is a param.itint object Willi the Mexrian (Jovi rnmet.t. The chaTgi s on her Treas utv are immense, and hence the moirifioari of be' policy. The two war s'eamrrs recently purchased, h is eo-t the noverntiH'tit a considerable amount of mon ey. They are lobe manned by English seamen, and will transport to Mexico 21)00 n:en, all piepa ted fir warlike purpose. As soon as difficulties thickened in the country in ri latinn to the United Slaves, minivers were des patched, by Mexico to ull of the South American re publics soliciting biiccoi. They heki the following language : 'That the United .Stales would conifneMhis coun try, and unless yoH ensile us to res si such iignn t'iolia us may l e perpetniled by ihe UoiK'd Siuti. t.he w ill proceed lo ei brace hi her mighty grsphe whole of the (Southern colitioenl.'" Accordingly Columbia had agreed lo furuih 2000 men, and more pecuniary aid. No hiiswci lo these propositions had been receivej liom Ihe j Republic. A Yucatan steamer of war had been captured by j , , ,. flu. 1mkii-i.ii iiiivv. '.iii.l istie wns Ivimr Im-Ioii.I llie .... j, n fort iu the harbor ul Vera Cruz. In captmiiig iln- line Bteamer, one thing is remark able, that the V ucalan sleaimi had upwaids ut one huudn-d nun, and llie Mexican frigate only filly yd ihu com mauder of the ucalan Mcamci su rrendtfed with- out firing a gun. ... cnuni...... wc ..u.-i 1 desirous ol coll. cnUating pui.lic opimeii, n. ate - diliug piejtidK'es uud a-pirutioua, and bringing ihe waifare of the nation Iu f ear up.wi mie single b- , .. ,1. .1 iiiiiu...tiiiji n.r unli ui.vfiir. i Ji;, l UIIUII . . i. . .. ..r. . . .... .............. .. ,, ... i.m luM-r jin.v in. ilesirat le. S.iiii u frla'e ol ,. , , . " i . ,, . , . j-, . , things would lend lo Hie per p. loalinu n los liela . . . . :. . ... . .1-. .. lurii.l powcr-an.i ne. s v ".'-, .. .i. ii in......', .li.. warwilh Mexico i..ole.y imp. ibre. The fort ul Vera Ciuz has beeti put in cemekle An Av ii'M l.ntiM K The editor .4 U.V Kichniijiid Whig spe .ks of having visited some oflliH venerable i,,aii.ioi.Mi Jamen Kiver, th.r .,:...!t ii I. tti; ioue.it 0 iriro. in. I tut aiieietil 1 structure, lie says, hs rerened Ihe storms ofnl d . , .n the dark as well as in light. There, on ItHSt JTitt years It is said that Ihe bricks and ' tin-silver sin fuee, is Ihe picture, to he called limber lor "lis construction were lnpped from (() hi,(it , ,ri.u,k iu Hs Ih nholngra J a.titl.ili. It l most laitlitliily eolistriu led, and I .7. e .. I , ."...I ' . t ..,i. i..,..! il... I.. d V 1 I he poaoe wnf the same character ami tho ceiuenl l now a hard a llie lirieKs tin in- , J - solves. The w hole sty le is antique rool, win- .lows. I'.iM.rsii'id r-'-ms. Ktell faun is linen a roiiii.l itiesulo; w ..li wooden ianels. We could not help thinking, while aorveying the group of ancient, but Well preserved and COUltoriuble builuipos, that tin ir history and the history id their habitations had Mime interesting and perhaps uupoltuut Connection w ilh Uwt of the country. Singular Story I Pi lures ( linrloiie mitt l'rlnce Leopold.; The follow ing story is no doubt believed hy Mr. .Mli.-on j nnd l.o has, as Im says, Btilliorily lor it, which ho no !aiht thinks piif!ii icnt. lint when making charges of this nature in a work f this pretension, ho ought, in despite of deli cacy, to possess the ptihhc with wh.it li is au tlini'ity is, thnt they may judge of it. We nay charges, because it is evident, if not t Mr. Allison, Unit his story represents the Kino; of Rclgians as nil unscrupulous trillor with the al f'celionofevery woiiimi th it fell in his way, and mi impudent and unprincipled fortune-hunter, ready nt any time to propose to nny body, and to sell himself to the best advantage, '(hie o thcr circumstance, of domestic interest in its origin, hntnf vast iniortHncc in its ultiinite re mits, deserves to he recorded of this eventful period. At Paris. d'iring the slay of lite Al lied Mnn.'irchs, there was laml , who had filled, wilh acknowledged ability, a high diplo mntic situation nt their head-quarters during the latter period of the war. 1 lis lady, Oi' high rank, had joined hiin to partake in 'he festivi ties of tint brilliant period, nnd with Iter n i yotiujr relative, enuallv distinouished by her ; I f . . . ' ..... beauty and talents, then appearing in all the treshness of .i. a rt...o.,i , !,.", , " ., nod in I. sfiiiiiily was n voting .1 IH lllirt III III . BKIIIIIII IHIfill M r ' ., , - . .. , .illi....i. I li..., a , n .l tl.t..u mt, t.i I Im I . ra n.I Ili.L.il I.. t il.i t'oiislant ine, n younger brother of an ancient and illustrious family in tierinativ, but w ho, like innny other e ions of nobility, hail more hliKul in his veins thtin money in his pocket. The young a id -de-rn trip speedily vvtis enpttva- til by the graces of tltuKnglisli lady ; and when the Sovereigns were about to set out liir I' mr'n.i.l lulnlli.ii I ' - .... . ni... .,,,,. ., ., r ' 1 1 them, hi! bitterly lauiented the scuntiness of Itis j 1 J linnnces, which prevented him from following in the train of such attractions. Lord good huuioreilly told him lie should always find a phice at his table when he was not otherwise engaged; unit that he would put liiui in the wav of seeing nil the world in the British me- , , ...i.:.,i. i... li ......" ' r " '; " , s'tei, nilvniiiage ngni... .,trl. an oiler, especial- ' t,u " ; I . , , , , .. , . i i r io.il 1 1 -mil tin. I'.uiiifT l...rii,fin irlii.lli. : , ,, , ' ; followed theni to I guidon. llO'Was there ' , , . . , , , i speedily introduced to and ere long distin- ' . . , . , . ... . 7 ; guished bv the Princess t liarlotte, whose pro-i . . ,," ... ., ,, i , ; jected alliance, w ilh the Prince ot Orange had .... , . . ,. . .. recently before been broken oil. J lion oh tin; ,. . i i i i : Princes remarked him, how ever, it w as no- ., . ..i i , , thing more nt that time than a passing reoard ; ' 9 I -s t- i . lir lipr thoughts then were more rerioiisly oc cupied by another. Having received at Ihe i same time whnt he deemed some encourage ment, the young soldier proiosod to the Princ ess, and was refused ; and subsequently went to Vienna during the sitting of the Congress nui.nt place, where ins susceptible Heart was . speedily engrossed in another tender a flair. Jtrvincihle obstacles, however, presented them-; selves to the realization of the Prince Char- ! lolte's views, wl.Kh had led to her first rejec- j tion of the gallant Ger.nnn. lie received a friendly hint from I.ndon to make his atten- ; non to tne liir .Austnn.i less remarkable; lie L.tjC!j a..rly aM mltf or 1lti J)(. W!ls ,--iry returned to the Knglisli capital, again propos- ! lire, ,Mlt wUvn . rv,,ll!tl., vwum ; h10 j1L., ed to the Knglish Princess, and wn accepted, j t,)0 ext day and was buried. Tho neiyhbors ll was Prince Leopold of tfaxe Coburg ; and ! K1?1.rtL.d all was nut rii'ld, disinterred the U his siilis.ijtient destiny ami that Of his family , ,Vf i.j ., i,,q,iet over it, nnd brought in a exceeds all that romance has figured of the j v'c.r,1(:t U(;eordiu-ly. The sherill" with a m.s n.arvellotis. lie marrred the Heiress of Kng- s0 o luen wcnt i pursuit of the iniscreaut. hut land , alter her lamented end he espoused u ,h),y w,.re im;il.lc to catch him, he having lied, ilauirhter ot Trance; he was offered the throne Williams has heretofore home a g od moral of Greece, he accepted tbe crown of ISolgi- ! character, but is now surmised by many that he inn. In consequence; of his elevation, one of ' has nlso w hipp.-d to death another negro girl, as his nephews Ins married the heiress of Por tugal, Hiioiher the liueen of Kngland, nml the accidental fancy of a young German tdii cer tor a beautiful Knglisli lady has in its ulti mate results given three kingdoms to his fami ly, placed on one of his relatives the erown of the greatest empire that has existed in the world since the fall of Koine, and restored to Kiighind, in haurdous times, the inestimable j blessing of a direct line of succession to the j throne. Alft "tit's llislnn ij' Junojic. J'.v i it Miuiiiv vu v l)ii ovi:itv. At the late meeting in .Manchester of tin; British Associa- ' i... . ti... .n .-;n.,i..r ..... i hi- ii.nwi. in" ri.i - iiiui i.i, ,0 1, hi. in .mini - ...I l i.. . . . I nieiited by pmfes.-or liesse', said to have been i discovered by Professor Morser, of Konigs- burg : "A black plate, either of horn or agate, & c, i placed below a imlishi-.l surface of silver at 1 I l-'JUdf an inch, and reiiiainiiiL' there tiir ten . , ,,, ,v n,,. an,.r receives an itnpression ot li''- n iV(. ,. v , . ,;iriIll. lormer, wiiieii uiiiv lie rendered visible by exposing the silver to vajHir. either of wnlei or of mercury, Ac The image made by the camera obsetira i ii ii v he i r. ii.-flt tl nn any I . ' he I ruircti d on any surface whatever i ("lass, silver, a smooth cover of a book, &r.) v . i without ii ii v previous preparation : and thi'se - . Iwitl produce eliecls ol llie sumo kiml ns tlne . I . , , u.'iil i ulitu. -bs. rv. d on a silver plate covered with iodine. . .... ... I (without preleiitluig tiiat llie ellect will ulways ; i. p,-rii,,.li.) ( ,-,. ,Ulll(;(., f secret and tileut oK'rHtion , , . midnight as well a at mid- i 1 us perH-ei ns inai in un: i iiriy iiiig.u iK-. . " , la. I il is product1!! as well in I no aiiscuc. ul' liy hi, uii.l therefore Sir W. lUmiltou sug gesl.'il liic t lously as a distinelhin, that it be . . I . . I .. wV I ii .. .1 .... leri ion s.i ii i 'L en pn v. i in i rir j in is ic. ns.- , ' i. . . i .i i ii i i I ked might il int he thermography He had) oUamed mipres.-ioiis at llie heal nig end ol the ; sjitcti uin be) olid tho t xtrviiie red lay !" lli'irnn Mitntw oi Wiikat. The report on ru-.t and mildew on wheat, hy a committee at the la'e qmrterly meelintj of ihn New lefmy Ag ricultural Society, ascribe thee serious evil to loss of p through (he splitting of the straw, under a hot xtin, immediately niter a shower or heavy fog Two crop wcro can fully examined one immediately after a sudden drenching shower, and the other nfier a. fog and in hdh cac the, straw was found bursting under a hot sun with a snnp ping noise, in short splits of a fourth of im inch long, and the rap exuding in every direction, .A day or two after, the w hole field was d nkei;ed with rust, (in both cases.) and the wheat of very little value. It doe not appear that these evils orcur while Ihc wheat i growing, hut only at a late ami criti cal petiod of ripening. In one field there were some trees which shelterud the grain from the in-tcn-e r.iy of the sun. and in those spot it w un itijund. The commotio concluded that tin rc is no ure practicable mi nti of tecuiily. Fl.loitT ok IllMI t'Riui:K I'liiKoxn FUOM T"!l rt Mi.viiM ToAviwiHiv Aii cxtraortlii.ary nnd interesting llioht of carrier pigeons, to decide u match, was witnessed in the neighh'irhool of ... . . ,,, . . T , . .. I'lrnmihnm, on I ucsday, the rJth ultimo. l.....t 'ltU ..;.ri....c t..-.1..it.r;... f. l.,..f.. n..td .....I 1 " i"s-""--. "" --'"r ' other parties at Antwerp, were forwarded a . ,' . , , . . ,. . lew ilnvs since previously to Mr. .Mind., bro- J I J i ther of one of the members for the borough, with a request that he would see them fairly started at li o'clock on the above morning. This request wis accord inyly complied with, the w bole of the pigeons having been started on their journey siiuultaneoily, from Mr. I Miiutz's residence nt I lanworth, mid after making some gyrations in the h ir, they took an eusterly direction, mid lavored by a fresh , . e ,. , lirievi tlii'ir u'fni iiiit ill siiflit ill a fi'ie linn. , j ..... ... .D Utetf. Mr. Muntz lias since received intelligence of the sale arrival of the w hole dock, the first pigeon having reached Antwerp at half past nine o'clock the same morning, followed in ra- nid siiC"ession hv the ol hers, in fives and tens : i ' ' ,, ast pioeo-i reaching its destination at half ' 1:slinntin!r ,lst;in(.e ,, nriminirham i.stiinning tne instance troni iiriuungiinm to Antwerp (measuring in a strat"ht line) nt ., , , lilHl utiles, and tollowing lor the difference in , , , tune between the two points, the first bird would appear to have Irave'led nt the surpns- 11 1 ieg velinily of fit) miles per hour ! It is not , , . . the least singular fact connected with the , , , , match, that iiiuongst so Inruc a number of pi r.. , 1 ....... ..... ...... .1.1 ..... I' . . . i-iiiin iinv iiiu riiuiiiu lis i v naiiut itu lioill us forward course. Hoiiuiiii.K JiiUTU.ii Y. A innn named Wil liams, who resided at the time near 'l.ii k Skil let,' in Winston county, some two or three weeks since took a little negro girl and swung hcr lip in a lorizonta ,Kititii, her head alnml lwo lect tle jrrouiid, ami her feet ah. ut olie l(Kt w,j0 j,, tl.id Hi-ition. commenced wi.j,,,,;,,;, .r. j:very time tho girl mad.) any demonstration of, pain, the fiend jogoed her with a )iari, Ml(.k (t. prepared for the occasion, lltlis ,imllllL.r tie twmr,u-r coiii.nued hiscru- there is another grave near the svit where the last unfortunate victim was interred, which is supposed to he that of a girl who disappeared very suddenly almut a year since. Main Miss.) (iazittr. Tamivi Ilousrs. The taming of Horses by breathing in their no-trils seems to he gain ing friends. .Mr. David Clayton, of Tyrrell county, having seen nn article in our papor stating that horses had been rendered gentle by breathing in their nostrils, determined to try it on a young mule belonging to htm, who would sullrr no icrsoii to handle linn. Mr. C. fastened lnni ill the stable, and, utter con- siderahle trouble, sticeceilej in breathing seve ral times iu his nostrils. liefore he lell the stable tho mule became gentle, and would I stand sti and -tiller hiui.-ell' to he rubbed,!. . ,. . . . . . . ,. . 1 ' li tv li.-n kiill emiii.vh In li.ililisli tf emitrailicllnil and would uo-e and smell around him. He followed Mr. t' out of the stable around the yard, mid wanted to go iu the house. We advise our friends who have colts to break, to try the experi.ne..t-if .1 does no goed, it Can 1 ' " certainty do no harm. IllnaUtl, fit,, Adv. Ituuiuqaj- v Two tea spoonsful of silt, .lis- solved in a halt a gill of vinegar, and sw aliowed ; t j , , M t ,.;. . ' t-taut cure. The second dose, if needed, will irivi. nn, rl ifii-t m lli.v ursi t. ii.tc I. .r tan "" " i ' witnessed the pr.s.f. The recipe should lie ' published annually, every summer. .YuA- ! ft Ihmrvr. Ji M l iomik i m: Uu Si:a vvo '1MB Ml III tl it vM v.N. The J'li'iukliird Juurnul publinhes : a letter, dated Trieste, the litis tilt., staling j that .Meheiuet Ali had assured the J'relicli eiigi ! novr .Moiigel that lie wished to rculizc the I dream of Ins life, llie junction of the Ked Se;i a l id the Medileraiieaii by means of a canal. I Foi this purpose the Pusha had w ritten to .Mr. ,, . , , . . Ihuiiel.tlie engineer who executed the I haines ' r runnel, jirojaiaino; to hint to uudcrtuke llns work- THE AIMERICAN. Stitunlft!, kept, 3, 1842. ltmifrntlc TUIirt for tVortlniMbcrlantl t 'on nt i. run tnsnaks, C liaiioH U. lomirl. aKTon, M'llliani l oisjlli. ' AsJLMatT, Jii lib raili:n f. sitF.nirF, I'ollx .llitvrri-. ConoiKn, f 1iai'l4 ITcatrr. rllimiOVOTJtHT, KTC. Samuel t. Jordan. HinisriH, iiF.coaiitH, r.Tc. i:Utail Y. Itrlght. COMMtSSIOMn, lavll Marl.. iitUToa, Vllllam II. Ititsr. Subject to the decision of the Conferees. (jjf PtiiMTin r a r k h . We have on hand 100 reams f printing paper, which we will sell at cot and carriage, hr cash. The size and quality is With twenty per cent duties, the cheap labor similar to the sheet uHn which this it printed. i of foreign countries would be brought into ruin- - - I ous competition with that of our own ; and OTy Our democratic neighbors of Columbia cheap shoes, cheap clothing, and cheap every county made their nominations on Monday last, thing else, would seriously injure onr own ar Fr Assembly. K.ich .rd Fruit. Me.... Eyerly ti.-fliis, and deprive them oremployuicnt This . , . , , . I would lie the case, he knew in Pennsylvania: and Uillmver have been rcnoiMiiiated for Frolhono , ., , . ... ... .., ... i. ..... I and all he would desire tor Ins own Mate was tuy and Register Ac. . w,rn duties us would enable the manufacturers Qj" Lycoming county has nominated (leo. F. ' lloal, Ei. for the Legislature, and Hepburn Mc- Clure, Esq., lor Prothoiiotary Ac. We congra'u- Imc our young friends ur-on their success. That: , they will faiihfully discharge the duties of their re. sriive olllces, we, ho know ihem, have no '''" Thes.leclion i well worthy ofold Lvcom- , ing, . . fXj Col. Cartel, in his last paper, announces the arrival of a number of distitiguisl.ed individu- . , .a ii . .i. aId at W dhninirinil Am tan ill I nnt aine thfira until I tie day after ihe publication, oui name of co ursr did not oppenr in llie list. This, the CoU om I' aH)logy, we deem ull suincient, (Jj If the editor of the Miltunian cannot com prehend our motives and explaiiali.in, lH?caue the latter was not as eipl cit as it miifit have been, we will again refer hi u to Samuel Hep'juru, Esq., bis counsel, who can give him abundant reu-on why he should say nothing further upon the subject. (Jj We are gratified that we are enabled lo lay liefore our readers the proceeding an I pas-age of the TsiilV Rill, as amended by ihe Senate. A vote hid leen taken to lay the Uill on the table, which wr.s decided ill ihe netiHlive bv the st oug vole of GO yeas lo na. The Kill having filially pas srd both Hou-es, was sent forthvviih lo the Pre.i. i r ..i. . . i . .. " . i ... . u.l.l. r.v,ry ici..1syiva...a,..u...ue, pe,.),,u....o- rrai and whin, voted for I ho Hill. (fj" In going in favor of a lurid", Pennsylvania has done nothing moie than lo adheie to the doc- lnt.es ..f the d. mocratir p ulv, win n Ibnt patty had (, tr di uiiing poli iciaiis lo control its destinies than now. Inl"l, the Ule Judge T.mIi) of the Supreme Couit then a leading drmocial in Con- gres. report..! Ihe first laiiifb.ll, nd nude sn i.ble and powetfol argument in its suppo.t. Penn - yvni was then, as now, warmly in favor of the' measure. Furnaces and Forges and oilier inanu- 1 factories snriimr no in every nail nf ihe n.le. And wbo then were the free t.ade advocate, t We will iuforiii our modem deinK-ralic editors who never think and examine fui themselves, but echo llie o pinions of a few political leaders. The opposition to a tur ill" was then headed by a no less ersonage th in Daniel Webs-.i r, who, with his friends, made every exertion to di fe il llie Uill. rrV A few weeks since we uiblisheJ a letter of . ' I lou.lsjril.'.oii, hi which lie eiinehsiy ueciareu i I himself in favor of a prolccti.e lun.r. The G.,le, j lliinkiug ibis feller would injuie ,.,e free-lr.de p.,. Iv iu Pennsv Ivama, - published an extract from ,,,,,' , , .1 1 ucker s Life ol Jellerson, in order lo show lhal Mr. Jill'ersou was opposed .o a tariff; or in other ......I. ,.. lK.1 ln".. ...... .li.l n..l Ln.iu, 1.1 ' I own opinions, but that Mr. Tucker knew them bei- i ' ler. All ,,f which ..me of oor f.ee-lrade friend lo the letter. lllf llirilf Tiill Si?lll'll. ll... li... : l..... ..: .1... tt.i. ! I..... j ,n" 1 ' U"u,-Y i " " "'e " "", "e Vl0rA' "" th'U ,e 'nJ .. .iV f e .1 ....i .1.. .1 :i....: -i .. -" is b it out. Congress has, however, re-pas 'd the , distribution by an increased vole, in a seperate Hill. I lie I resident sent in a protest lo .Mr. Ad ""' "n""' " f'e"R"'s. The Proiesl was not received. Mr. Tyler hud, himself, voted to rejec a similar Iroti bt Irom I. en. Jackson in I r - ' Thr Tariff Bill,,. We have always contended llist ihe people of Peniisylvsuia were in favor of a Tsiilftliut would 1 iol.ctllic industry or the country, and that our iiieml-rst,f i;..iigress must eventually yield lo their opinions. The vole on llie last Taiill Hill has fully confirmed our prediclioi s, every men brr from Pi nus Ivauia presnt having voted for such a bill. And we now furlhir predict lhat hereafter no free- nsde inenitM'r will bo perieiiled lo nil tcpresi nl any duiik'i in the .late, in C mgress. Peniisylva- nia nev.r wst and never cm U-in lavoruf thefiee - liado do. nine. iy I Vmociaiic Governor she ever b id w is in 1 iv.ii ,,f ., pro . . i.velaiilf, and eve iy Pitsiduil of the I'uiuJ s;atib, with the extep tion of John Adams and John Tyler, recommended the same measure. Unlit within a few year, op position to a tariff was but seldom heard of in Pennsylvania. Within the last year or two, how ever, a few interested politician have endeavored to get up the free-trade doctrine in this state. The Washington Ulobc, a paper belonging body and soul to the South, and which ha invariably oppo cd the interest of this slalo when such interests were in opposition to Soudiern policy, ha, in con nexion with few other democratic journal in this att-te, been endeivuring to get up an opposition to a tariff in Pennsylvania. . These journal are, how ever, under the control of interested politicians. and rare but little for the interests of the people", and we regret to say that they have too many echus in journal professing to he democratic, who cannot conceive that they have right to think for them selves upon a sulject if such deep importance to the people, and who, in many instances, would not dare to express an opinion in opposition to (he o pinions laid down by few party dictator.. fjj" It will he seen by the following extract from Mr. Uuchanan's speech in the U. S. Senate, on the Tariff Di'l, that our free-trade friend have not a single ray of hope left to beam upon their darkened visages. The whole Pennsylvania delegation, Hi. use and Senate, have voted for a protective tariff such a tariff as we have always advocated. What will our fiee-trade editor say of the ir democracy sow ! We predict, that in less than two years, our deleg i lion will be instructed to vote for the Distribution Hill. The following is the extract : "There arc hundreds of thousands of honest mechanics, who make their livinu by 'the sweat ot'their face' scattered throuuhout the Union. to live." JllsrELLANT. llal.imore and Washington have both been vi.i- .... -. .. , , i, i.. leo nv a vioieni siorm ami noon, in iiaiomore an .' mM . (lf ,,.. h liepn j..Koie. , . . . , , " 'Y"'""' 7 . ' . " " ' " " ttiitru m (iiauiMiic- iu u' aa c -v. iiik tpu- sive nowcr of mercurv. luoduced hv the ctunues of t w lw,r I I Gen. Jims C. Hkssktt, the Moimon Ant-dole, i 1 has opened his batteries ujmn Joe Smith, the Gol den Rilile, and the 'spiritual wife' sysiem, in the Di laucy street Church, New York. In the uper pari of the cily of New York is the following curious sign ' Washing, ironing and going out lo day's work, dune in the Imek rwtm" A Western editor Ihinks that with the invention of Paiihau and steuin guns, floating batteries, tor pedoes and infernal machines, generally, war will soon become ilancruut .' An English paper says that the town of Rhode Island ha been disiuibed by a rebellion, in conse- quence of which two or lluee hundred rebel wcr. publicly executed. This is decidedly the -lat.s." new we have received. ! IWnTKareiT. Counterfeit 2 lu lii f Note I .ut tli ! k. Iimii.im ltuiik t.f liit.tnir.t r in rirriiln. I - ......... .... ' 1'he riguaturei.il the gei.uu.e is v ui. James, Jr. Cik., en the counteileil, m. James Jr. lion. I'.llis Lew is. In justice to Judge Lewis, we putdish the follow I "'S Cone.pondeuce m relation to .Mr. In.hain tes ! limony lefore the invesligating coinmiiiee, in i which he made some charge calculated lo injure : ' character and standing of the Judge. Mr. i ! Chambers, who is himself a z alous w hig. and can J therefore have no political pr.judiees in r.vor ol Judge Lewis, declare emphatically lhal the evul. nee ol Mr. Ingham wa not true. We never for a llio- i i i i .i.. ..i .. .i .1... III. Ill in'liv.cu mc viiuii's, aim, uic isiuiiu .iihi Judge Lewis has thus been enabled, by the most conclusive testimony, to prove the falsity of the charge. Danville, August 16, IS IS. .Vr. Thux. Chamber ; I avail myself of the first opportunity, upon l . . . .i.- . . - .... vour leiuru lino me c-iate, u van rnui aitvuitti,, iv ' . V t ilie testimony given by Samuel U. Ingtiam uiiJ ..... ml -.uf I I . Lewis S. Corrvell, herewilh forwarded lo you, iu a ( VomtHlUf9 of whil.h Ml. NuriWOoJ W4 chl,iimaI). M, olljlx, U 10 know ...... , , . explicitly, whether you ever received any litter . . . ,, purKrnag lo is? wruieu ny mr reia.i-c m u.o fui- chaseuf the Reprter, or securing its columns for ' ...I...il.a. u . I !, l,iliii.l miv i ' J . i .. - c 11 !. ,.. n. 1. S Pnnvi. niirnml- l-P -'"". - ; ing to be signed by me, upon said subject or bav. 1 o a ji ing any connection with it directly or indirectly ' w hether vou ever addressed lo me any answer to , (Urh , communication whether you ever had ! . .... 1 or exhibited an article, written by me, lor tl.e lie- ! or any other paper-arid finally, .hether : . . . . .. you hid any correspondence or eonveisau.n wun i n.. ...... ,.. ...l.;-t n( irtttiiAninif thrt Ieivlalure. ,,y ini,roKf or ht,ing ,he slightest relation I ,i..n..,iu.. i,...k ..... ,. f,rl i the Com. ! -,, of l.,.;.,,:. l I I desi-e such an answei as you would at any .:,. h- -,:,na ,;.. ,,n.l, h. il ie.iuired. Vours, Ac. LLLIS LEWIS. Momroi u Ioi Wonka, August t, ' 5 ; Drt Si:Yoor letter of lha 18ih iiisl. has ! en received, and I reply to it wiih more than roy i usual or mint nude. I assert positively that no letter er proo.iiion in wiiling was rvir addressed to me, by you, iu re lation to the pucibase of llie "Rep rl.r," orsccur. j iig it co'umns for atiy object, or any par h'.',g j your signauueor iu your hand writing, jt Ji, taied j (o far a I knew) by you, exhih,,0lI ,.(,, j Samuel D. Ingham or I., K. t'oiryi ll, and that no j rmte was ever wrileu. .y me, to you, iu islatitin lo purchase, t Whilst at Hani!. tug or elsewhere, I held no conversation or rorrespondeuee, either with you or any ether individual, In reference to the subject (corruption of the Legislature,) bcfoio the Com mittee, and that t know of no Corrupt means used either directly or indirectly, for the purpose of in fluencing the action of the Legislature, or any department of tho Government, for the benefit of the bank. I regret etressivrly, that a long nbscrnce from this Slate, on business of deep and all absorbing iiw teres! to my concerns here, prevented me from at tending before the Commiilee at llarrisburg, and that I hsve only i-rfry, for ther lime, read the testimony referred to, in your letter. In conclusion, t have only to remark, that a t ihose who acted with me, at Ifarrinburg, were, so far a t could judge, influenced by the purest mo. lives, and a deep anxiety Tor the general welfare, and believed that the supicnion of the Dank, was under the pressure of an inevitable and over whelm ing nece-siiy. and if not sustained by wise legisla tion, would break down the best interests of tho Sta'e and paralir.e all business. This i such an answer as I would give under I oath. With resriect and retard. Your. Ac. THOS. CHAMPERS. Judge Elm I.KWt. Fitim the SI, 1mis Hullrtiii, Aug. 16. The Mormons. Jne Smith anttO. I'. Huehwell. Weundersfand from Mr. Ford, the genllcmin wlu was the agent of i he State of Missou i in conveying from Gov. Reynold to Gov. Carlin of Illinois the requisition of i he former for the persons of Smith and Rock well, that the proper authorities have as yet liecn unable to comply with the demand. Mr. ForJ in forms u, say the New Era, that the proper writ wore issued by Gov. Carlin, and placed in the hands of the Sheriff and I wo deputies, and they, in company with our informant, proceeded to Nauvoo on Monday In-t. They found Smith and Rock wi II, and served the writs upon them about 9 o' clock in the morning. They were in a carriage, j '"-viewing a bo.ly of Mormon troop. Smith ig- nilirti ins intention ot cl nming llie protection ot the Curpoiaiii'n Ordinunce, macied to suit the caso by the Nauvoo Council, which declares that no ietson shall be taken nut of the Corporation wi'h out llr-t having had a trial before tho Municipal Atithoiilic. The olficei were unwilling lo lie a parly lo ihi farce, nnd, after wailing until near sun down, relumed to tjuiiicy, and reported ihe fact lo (iov. Carlin. Smith openly defied the Government of both Sta'e, and ilei lured that he would not be taken lo Missouri, where he could not exeet a fair trial. Guv. Cailm manifested ev. ry desiie lo secure the arrest of the arcused, but disliked Ihe expense which would attend the calling out of the Militia lo enforce hU order, and the officers were instruct ed to return a "ccud time to Nauvoo, to execute the process in their hands. They did so, but on their anival ihey were unnble lo find elder Smith or Rockwell. It wis understood, that Smith had ! ,",n equally fx pedilious with the olficers had nllvlf,', movements at iuincy, ana i act J ul"'n ,hc K'"''1"' ' legal counsel at ijuinry. to quit Nauvoo for a time. Our informant left ihe officer at Nnuvoo, but there is no expec , tjtin of ,lieir ,Mi ,,,,,, ,riej hiin ft,ow. ' . .... ... er are loo well armed and loo numerous to per mit any thing of the kind to be done. Mr. Ford informs us that il was the general opin ion among the Mormons that Rockwell was tho pen n who shot Gov. Hoggs, and many of them i stand if R -ckwell did not commit the deed it wa j at the ius.lig.vinn, er with the knowledge ofSmith. He further ml' run us that Cov. Carlin is about to lem.oe. the Slate's Arms from Nauvoo. Thk Go v Kn ok or Illinois n thx Moa xons The Si. Louis Republ can, on the authority of a letter from Ijuincy, Iliinois, slates that since ihe election iu that State, Governor Carlin has re solved to comply wiih the requi-ition of the Gov. ernor of Mis-ouri, and deliver up Jisa Smith and A. P. Rockwell The Sherill' of Hancock county, elected at ihe ptesent elecfon. being a Mormon, the writ was pi iced in the hands of Ihe SheriuTuf Adams county. The Slieiilf repa'ned lo Nauvoo . , , . , , ., . , , and arrested Mmthand P.iK-kwe I, when a h!,eu, eiirjnt was issued by soaie of the N uivuo authori ties, and ihe prisoners taken out of the SherilPs custody and released. The Sheriff had just re turned from tjuinry and tep-irted the facta. The let'er adds that it was currently reported that Cov. Caibn w then in the act of issuing orders call ing out Ihe military, lo enforce the arrest, and il wa eiM?cted they would march on the d iy fol lowing for Nauvoo. Il was however confidently believed, thai when the Ir.iops should reach the city j Joe nJ j,i colleague would have abscjiidcd Womi.v oa Wixx. We believe it was the New llngland Society who recommended the in troduction of women in place if wine at enleitain nients. On this hint Fiaccus. the well known eon ttilHitor lo ih Knickerlocker Magazine, has wril ten some very pntty lines, which he h is inscribed, iu the form of an epistle, to the aforesaid President Here are the first five veres : Oh ! weak and fool-hardy reformer, To substitute women for wine; The glow of whose presence is warmer Than the sunniest juice of the viue. Believe me, less fit, I re jnleri Thau women in wi'rhry skilled ; For there ooes teoie, venom from two lips Than ever fro',, grain wss distilled. Who b?.it'.ri f.irU'auly hi whiskey, Too change will tw certain lo rue ; For net e es shed a spirit in re frisky Than I nks iu ihe best "mountain dew." Ah ! lhoMeyes st ech mee'tng so merry Vou'll lio j to out-sparkle ch inquire i And nugleis nn.ro c. I It'll lhail sherry Will fuddle well the moi In am. More I ipering neck than the bottles, Wiih uiouili inon h wikleiiug ciownetl, . Will pour from tin ir ravishing Ihrotiles A slivaui lhat Mgo will coul'uuud.