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M ESS AGE. 7u the Senate nnd limine of Rrprtstntativrt of the Commonwealth of I'cTnttylianin. Fellow CinxuNs: Having, in my former mpwnsres, entered very fully into the financial condition and ether general interests of tlio tale, I deem it unnecessary to repeat the views then submitted to Ihc Jx(,'iluinre, I.-tit simply to refer to them, and say, that they remain in fill respects substantial, y th Mine aa hen to tore expressed. 1 shall proceed at nne to call J our attention to those matt of public poli ty, which teem ti require, in the pn-atest ric tifoe, the at tent km of the Legislature. In common with tmv cute in the union, and with all parts of the commercial work), the citi2t'iia of I'ennsylrania aro now undergoing the severe ordeal of pecuniaiy embarrassment. Business of all kinds is crippled and paralyiod ; private and public entcrprize hat been a r reeled; the timid alarmed, and even the boldest stop pered at impending evils. Kut itia pome con solation for us to reflect, that these difficulties are the bitter fruits, so far as Pennsylvania is concerned, of the rath and impolitic legislation of a single year, and that uone of the responsi bility rests upon t:8. Ktf upwards of ten years Pennsylvania had been gradually improving her condition, and enjoying all the advantages that can arise from h substantial currency, tnd the entire confi dence of all parts of the world. At an unfortu nate period, the bnnkinrr capital, which hud been, during this flourishing season, about twenty millions of dollars, was increased to near sixty ; and, ad one of the most fatal con sequences, many unwise and impolitic public improvements undertaken, corporations creat d tor purposes far beyond their means to ac complish, -individuals contracted responsibili ties and entered into speculations, which they were totally nimble to bring to a successful close; and finally to render the catastrophe more destructive, the explosion of this enormous bank bubble has crushed all these enterprizes, public and private, and left in every quarter of the fitate some inunnrncTit of llnsled hope and public folly. It will require a little time to re cover from the panic, and to estimate, with pre cihion, the extent of the mischief. It will probably be found far less than has teen gen erally supposed. The vij:or nnd industry of the community, sustained as they are by our immense; naturnl resources, will soon over come this temporary lepulse, and go on, aa if it had never happened. ' Somo will bo unfortu nately ruined, but the great mass of the com munity w ill in the end be little nflected. That portion of the community engaged jn agricultu ral pursuits is comparatively free from debt nnd einWrarsment, nnd possessed ot all the ben efits that arise from favorable treasons and plen tiful harvests. I Cbn myself see no just ground for that de spondency which seems to pervade, so gener ally, tin? minds of the people. The injury to our credit abroad, although productive of much temporary inconvenience, will ultimately be serviceable to the community. It will teach us to rely on ourselves, to turn our attention to the developement of our own resources, and to I'btsin that, by our own labor, which we have hitherto bought upon trust. Whatever may be the fears of that portion of our community, who are always predicting ruin, and bemoan ing the effects of causes which they do not un derctiml, time will soon prove, that the re sources of Pennsylvania, her ability to meet nil iter engagements, and the respect of her citizens for tbe plighted faith of the state, have not been in the slightest degree shaken, by any of the misfortunes under which we. ore now offering. In nearly all instances, these fears will he found to have h.id their origin in the c03kint;S of unprincipled demagogues w-lto Te willing to undervalue her means, and the. integrity of her citizens, if tley can thereby promote their own selfish ends. If there be any of our citizens who honestly believe, that Pennsylvania will prove unable to perform all her engagements, they will be found to be nei ther very deep reasoners, nor very accurately acquainted with the abundance and nature of, lier resources. If there be any of her citizens, whu think that she will prr.vc faithless and un willing to discharge her obligations, we may safely say, they know little of her true character, and meet with no encouragement, or favor, from any considerable portion of '.he communi ty. To do what the agrees to do, and to pay what she promises to pay, aro two of her dis tinguishing characteristics ; and he who would seek to induce her to forfeit either of them, will find, that he gains neither confidence, nor re spect, of her citiz ns Ly the attempt She may be temporarily obliged to postpone the discharge of her engagements until a more convenient season; but to deny the obligation itself, or to refuse to comply with it, would be a reproach upon her integrity, which no public man dure adviseor sanction. However great her public debt may seem to be, a tax of a few cents per ton upon her coal and iron which are srntiereJ in ev ly hill and val ley throughout lior borders, will at some future day not only pay the interest on Iter public dhr, but the piiiicipul also, rolubly within tlie lile timo of many of those who are upon the stage f public actum. The tax would be paid in a measure by the consumers of these products in ether states, and would be scarcely felt by her own citizens, t'ot off as this country now is, nd const continue t be, from tlio European Mipply of coal and iron, on which it lias hither to chiefly depended, the day rs not far distant, vben Pennsylvania will supply more than three fourths of the other tiates of this union with coal, and a majoriiy ol them w illi iron, a oosition from which no legislation and This is no hu- man power can reo.ove her. Her geographi cal position, and the fdvoruble relative locations .fher coal and iron deposits, put Pennsylva nia beyond the reach of all rivalry from any quarter. She seems to have been destined, by nature, to be the great work-simp uf'U.e Aus-n-rn Union : and. if her citirus and per le- . ,.. to themfthes, f.ivl wiil riwumig ii o void catering to the views pnd iii'.. rests ot o- thtf station , reyardlef snf bei-ran, nei '"iblic dtbt will h render occasion Imt llulc inoonvc nw,- mnA ilirv w',11 Kavc no cauce to r.irretl" itii. which have c.i.tr.butr-4 tn the developmeut i.f I1 ..-. Mil I'M lll tl '.l.; u r.ikl 111 lMl.ro;i,re 4if .--.-- aanguine hp', orbluid coiifiwuiee, t.i .! l.-ar-iijtit.tl, pru ticul fxperieiire, of the truth U' w hith eve rv uiipiejudic4 d man moat ( eon m r.d, who wi'l carefully investigate the f.clx re!aiinto her condition. At the e'.ote of the Us war, the pernniary rn.l-arras.-ii.i i,t nnd -tlirfres prevailing our country, were f;.r greater than tlwf are now We tud iust emerired frun protracted. xp n s ve,and'harrasing war. The national debt wan nearlv one hundred ami thirty inilltons of dolUrs; business of all kinds was brten up ; confidence was entirely destroy ; all classes of the common ty wtre in debt ; rair banks bro-keoai.dwcrt.-Jt", pul!:c .fteJmf weakened and shaken to a drsree infinitely beyond what 1 is now known; and, worse than all this, rank ling pol.tical animosities against the thru admi nistration of the general government had crca led, or raised up, a powerful, unsciuptilous, and violent party, under the plausible name of the "Pence Parly" which threw in the way of the administration every possible obstacle, in the triumphant prosecution of ttmt war, or the cor rection of the evils which it inevitably entai led upon thocountry. But, notwithstanding all these formidable discouragements, the good sense, the enterprise and the patriotism of the pHple, seconded those then entrusted with the administration of the government, who perfor med theirdnty with Human firmness and integ rity. Taxes were recommended, levied, nnd paid, to sustain the ctedil and honor of the go vernment, confidence was restored, business resumed its accustomed channels, and one of the most flourishing reason in the history of our country succeeded. The enormous debt was, in the precis of time, pntirely extinguish ed. Those who recommended 'he necessary measures l" the attainment of this great end have been rewarded w ith respect and gni' it udo. The same honest and fearless discharge of du ly, will be attended with the rnmc results now. Our history has never yet recorded a ainirlo in stance, in w hich a public man, who stood by the honor of his country in critic. .1 emergencies, was not fully sustained in his efforts by his fel low citiieiis. He may he traduced and villi fied, but a manly and faithful discharge of duty outlives the ftlurtsof his traducers. The prnu deit monument that a public man ran desire to leave his children, is one inscribed ho know his duty he dared perform it he never flin ched from his post. The whole amount of the present funded debt of the state, exclusive of the deposit of the surplus revenue, is fiH7,1:i7,7fc ill. This debt is reimbursable as follows : Hire follows a ntatemmt f ihc d.ffcicnt icrnd when the debt becomes due, and the amount, and showing for what purpose ihc debt was contract! d, the piincipal item of whirli ia $30,533 620 15 for i ranuls uud r-.ll ro. il. and $4,410,135 03 for inte rest. The foregoing docs not include the amount due to Domestic Creditors, entered on the b oks of the Auditor (ieucrul, per resolution of the 7th April, IS 12. These internal improvements, for the con struction of which the principal amount of the State rirbt has been incurred, consist of 7SIH1 miles of canals and railways completed, nnd 1-1(1 miles of canals in progress of construction and m arly completed. The finished works are the follow ing: miles The Delaware canal, from Eratoti to tide at Bristol, 59J The main line of cnnal and railway from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, 20o Canal from Beaver, on the Ohio river, to the mouth of the French creel; feeder, rathe direction of Erie, C7J Canal from Franklin on the Allegheny ri ver to Conneaut lake, 4DJ Canal, Susquehanna and North Branch from Duncan's Island to Ickavvanna, 1111 CanaL, West Branch from Northumber land to Ferrandsville, 73 Several side cuts and navigable feeder, 7 Total Canals and railways completed, 71)3 Canals-in progress and nearly completed: miles North Branch extension, from Lackawan na to New York line, 00 Erie extension from the mouth of the French Creek Feeder to Erie harbor, 3rJ ieoiiisco canal from Duncan's Island to Wiconico creek, 12! Total canals in progress, lldj The state has always met the payment of the interests upon the public debt with punctuality, until the semi-ntinual payment due on the 1st of August last ; when, for want of adequate provision for that purpose, certificates ol I lie a mouut duo to each holder of the stock were is sued, bearing an interest of six per cent, paya ble in one year, agreeably to the Act passed the 27lh day of July last. It now becomes the imperative duty ot'the Legislature to make pro vision, as well for its payment, as lor tlie pay ment ofthe interest falling due on the first of February and August next. Until some mode cf raising the amount ne cessury for the payment of this interest, less burlhensome to the people, is devised, the tax es imposed by cxif ting laws seem to be indis pensable. It may be worthy the consideration of the legislature, however, whether the pre sent defective sj stem of making assessments, and reaching the object of taxation, does not rrqmre revision. It is believed, if such re vision be judiciously made, that no increase of the taxes now authorized would be necessary, to produce an adequate amount from tliHt source to cover the pressing demands made upon ttie Treasury. You will observe by a report accompanying tins message, that in pursuance of the Act ol AssemMv, passed Kir that purpose on tht 27th day of July last, pnesn's were invited fur the sale of the public improvements of tlie Com mojiwealih. No bid tor the same, that ran possibly be accepted, was received. This measure was suggested in my last annual me sape, believing that, in our present einherrasHod condition, it was an experiment, which misfit be productive ot relicti worth trying. It has be u tried, and has utterly failed. The truth is, the leinoont of nior.ey m'Cessary for the pur chase of any considerable portkin of our improve- merits, is fur greater than any citisena of our I country are shie to raise lor that purpose. i here they to he sohl nt all, lliey would ne j cesjnrily, eithrr directly or indirectly, fall in 1 to the funds of foreign capitalists. The peo j pie must, in a great im-aMire, lose the control I over their management, and I hey would ne ! cossaiily become private monopolies. This ' would seem to be a nn-usure, as dangerous to : (he ou! tie interert, as it would be humiliating , to the public pr,..e. '1 he n venues upon our public works have in liiiiiimslicd in ii 1 1 v pronrti n to the extent of the i inhsirissmer.ts w hit h have been throw n , in fh1 wi V of t-aiie. Jiw in ne wen ry reier I ..' to tl,e 1.ept .f the CanaK onirn le.ners. V.,:ill 'Will NM'lllT I'D V i.w wz e.i, .iiai not- - , , - . . , u I !-!. ii'inm me scarcoy mm iieiireriainni ii im n y, the impaired rondit on ofcredit,and the , fMunVu rates of cxchanpes.ttie receipta fnun ol:i fi r toe fica year, enJwif the JKHh N vi ml., r, lj-42, amounted to JS20.4C9 42 Thf i riK'tiililures, for all purposes, tortlw-n n-s months cnnimene iiijr on the t March and nduig ami Nov , 1",42, amouul to S'JO.040 70 Lenv'r.g an excess of receipts f T theyiar, ccr the expense of nie mouths of 530.452 72 notwithstanding tbe cccrrasc in tid.'s been, VjC, 0 01 liu ill! -j-.; The receipt! and expenditures on the main lines have been as follows: Toll r.-reived in All expense 1842. $rM,4d 6o 195.766 IS lli ?r.9 40 854 IV) 42 ml liihililica for B months. Columbia Railroad Ea-t rn V Jumn a 1iv sions Allegheny Poilage Kmlroed WaottTn Division (132.499 45 45,072 12 06 S?8 63 26 080 00 7ti2.949 49 f J0U.180 20 Leavinp an excess of tolls over expenditures of $402,700 2, on the above usually denomi nated the main tine from I hilodelphia to Pitts burg. On the Delaware Division and other branch es ot the cunalf, the excess of tolls over ex penditures, during the same period, has been SG7.G63 41. It is worthy too of remark that the expenses for repairs alone for the nine months Ims been only f 104.526 B0. This exhibit cannot fail to inspire im with increased confidence in the ultimate value and usefulness of our public wcrks, stiengthened as it is by thefict, that thor has boen a falling off in the canal tolls of New York, for thn fiscal yearendingKOth Novemkr $23 1.331 9. It is propel here oK in explanation tostit one fict worthy of ron-ideration. At the com mencement ef my odniinistration there was a debt due fbr ordinary repairs pieviously done, independrnt of the debtj due on the IVaver ili- vision, of $ol0,57-l Fir the repairs of the Huntingdon county breach 28O.CKJ0 Tor repairs indispensable to open ing uud the successful pronecu tion ol the navigation, &c , a her report of engineers cspcciul ly detailed for that servico 1,070,092 Amounting to the sum of $'J,307,503 Which has hoi n haniring, likean incubus ou the whole system, and has contributed much to em barrass us operations, and to nurulvzu the most laudable exertions of those en ti listed with the conducting of them. In one progress of time, too, tlie greater poition of the perishable male rials, in the con-truction of our public wo ks, because fo far decayed and dilapidated, as to require, in most iu.-taucesa partial, and in ma ny instances an entire renewul, during the first three years of my atliuiiiist Jation. I.arge a moiiiits were necessarily expended in making these repairs, so large indeed, that public con fidence was veiy considerably shaken in the usefulness and value of the system itself. Those who -.lid not reflect on the circumstances to which I have just adverted, supposed this ex traordinary outlay for repairs must be annually repeated. Put the work being done, the ex penses lor thai purpose for a number of years to come wi'l be greatly diminished. While speiiking upon this subject, I may call your attention lo a considerable item of expen diture, w hu h may be, w ith jtii-tice, hereafter w holiy cut off. A very considerable sum is annually paid for repairing and rebuiling the various bridges for public and private conveni ence, across the canals and railways. This burden has been thereloie sustained by the state, but considering the great increase in val ue of the private property, through which the improvements pass, and that a considerable (Kirtion ofthe people of the commonwealth de rive no immediate benefit from theoutlav tor that purpose, it would seem lo lie just ami pro per, that the rebuilding and repairing of tlie private bridges should hereafter be done by the owners of tlie property, and the public ones by the townships or counties, in which they are situated. Since my last annual message, in w hich I took occasion to refer to the combination.) of private compumes and individuals, to monopo lize and reap nearly all the advantages from thn trausjiortation on our internal improve ment, there fins been a trial and conviction of several persons, on the clearest proof, oi"a must flagrant conspiracy to render this monopolizing eon. burnt on still more triumphant over the laws. This conviction will have the salutury tenden cy to arrest hereafter any such illegal attempts. It is now to be hoped, that by the removal of these ob-tacles in the way of fair hldivi.lual competition, our public improvements will be open, as they were intended to be, to the tree and equal enjoyment of all. Several recommendations, or what were deemed essential reforms, in the management of our internal improvements, made either by the executive or canal commissioners, have been hitherto baffled and defeated, by combina tions of interest, w hich it is not ea-y to com prehend. 1 do not deem it necessary to speci fy pnrticulnriy all these suggestions, Lut will reter you to my lust annual message, and tbe last and present reort ot tbe Canal Commis sioners, in which they are contained. I trust that whatever may have lieen the doubt here tofore on the subject, if any there was, the jus tice and the propriety of making them are now beyond question. During the hist year, as well as former years, the canal commissioners have tHn assidiously laboring to correct the most glaring of the errors and abuses which had crept into the management of our public im provements. TI.ey have done much, but much, remains to be luincuUd, witliout tlie power to ri move it. Nothing has been done under the arts of As sembly passed at the last session, for the corpo ration of companies to complete the unfinished linrsofour improvements. If any more effec tual mode for the accomplishment of this object can be devised, it will afford me a preat pleas ure toco-operate with you in carrying it into execution. Tlie resolut ion of the Cleneral Assembly of the 7th of April last, "relative to the payment of interest to domestic creditors," provided '.hat such ot the creditors ol the Commonwealth as do not chooe to receive certificates of slock, shall be entitled to a credit for the amount of their rlaim cm tlie books of the Auditor Gener al, and shall receive interest at six per cent, on rn. lances due for work done prior tn tbe 4ih of May. Ir ll, interest to be allowed from that I'utc, and on balances i!ii' for wotk dune since the 4lh of May, 1?41, interest tube allowed from the ptssnge of the act. And the first section of tlie act of the 27th of July last, after making certain specific appropriations, directs whatever balance may ro in the T rearury on th first day o' August, November and Februa ry then next, after payins current demands on ti e Treasury, to I divided pro rata among the domes! c creditors having claims for work done prior to the 4ih May, 1841, er for repairs, in-. on finished lines of canal and rail-road, previous to the first day of April, 1S42, In pursuance of the forecoinsr arts, rlaims amounting in the airgfcgatc to $1,191.71(1 Z3 were entered on the to. ks of the Auditor General at the close of the financial yeir, of which sum $T07,4ol 7S w as lor wora dvrve prior, ar.r; o.ia 45 r TTt t!"- -rr.sr qnent lo the ;,n T On the first day .f .nng.Jt the Treasury would not admits dividend therefore the first and only instalment, twenty per cent, was paid by th first of November, together with all inter est, to G200,58943. Notwithstanding Vhe very satisfactory results which have grown out ofthe broad and liberal construction given by the Auditor General, to the resolution ofthe 7th of April, there yet re mains a very deserving class of creditors, who have received none of its benefits, nor was it at all practicable to bring them within it provis ions. The poor laborers scattered along the improvements, who with their own bands do the work necessary to keep them in navicable condition, should b.? objects of the first care of tne trovernment. in this instance they were entirely overlooked, the appropriation for re pairs being inadequate. Frum the character of their claims their comparatively trifling a mount, and their number, it was found inexpe dient to enter them on the books of the Auditor General. If they had beentntered.it would in many cases have cost the w hole sum due to procure the dividend from the Treasury and. indeed, it would be a mockery for the govern ments inste.ul of payment, to offer poor laborers a pro rota divident on a claim of a few dollars. It is ardently hoped that this worthy and in niort cases suffering class ol domestic creditors, will reeeivo the imii.cdiute attention ofthe le gislature. It has happened in relation to the banking sy.-temof this Commonwealth, as bason many occasions horetofore been the case w.th the in stitutions founded on unsound principles, that with all its power, and with all its hold on pub lic confidence and support, it has fallen by the weight of its own imperfections. If any legis lative action can restore public confidence in the bank?, or render them ofmore service to the community, it will become your duty to furnish 11. 1 lie mode and detail of the aid to be ren dered, 1 leave in the hands of the representa tives of the people. But the public certainly expect, that you will not adjourn until you have made ample provis on for withdrawing from rliculation the notes issued by the banks in pursuance of the act of 4th May, li ll ; and it will afli rd me great pleasure to co-operate with you in nny measure that may be deemed most advisable for the accomplishing of Ibis ob ject. At the smnc time, I will take occasion to suggest one source, from which the means may be readily obtained to extinguish a large port ;on r if these isfiirs. I refer to the sale of the Bank, Bridge, and other stocks, in which the Slate is interested. I think an amount might be realized, in ibis way, sufficient to an swer the purpose, if provisions be inad' by law thn t the proceeds of the sale be exclusively ap plied to that objret. The present condition of the Bank of Penn sylvania rrnnires the most careful con-idera-tion of the legislature. The State has a deep interest in the proper management of that in st'tntion, and equally so in winding it up, if thot be deemed a polite measure. Several acts w ere passed during the last session in relation to it ; but owing to some defeat they did not answer tne purpose designed, line sugges tion 1 wdl make on the subject, anil that is, in no contingency should the control ofthe bank be placed exclusively in the hands of the pri vate stockholders, ltthe State and the stock holders be put on the snme footing each ha ving respectively, the share of control equal to the amount of stock held. No just complaint can then be made, and the interests of all par ties w ill be properly guarded. This much at least, the public has o right to expect. The pasige of a law providing for the e leclion of members ol Congress will be one of the subjects demanding your early attention. The apportionment of members of the Iwo Houses of ihc General Assembly is also a mat ter in which the pcuplo are deeply interested, and which will, of course, claim your most careful consideration. Tlie basis of an appor tionment bill on this subject, should be cquali tv, fairness, and justice to all sections ofthe State. In no other manner can thn various interests be faithfully represented. The funda mental principles ofa republican government, nnd our own Constitution, guarantee these rights to every county in tlie State. The apportionment b II passed on the 10th June, 1.10, will not, I conceive, be regarded as a precedent, or an example, hut as a beacon, to be shunned by every legislator who understands and is honestly desirous of carrying into execu tion the injunctions of the Constitution. No i xtraneous considerations can justify a depart ure from it, and on all occasions when a depart ure has been attempted, it has recoiled with ten fold force ou the heads of those by w hom it was made. I have repeatedly called the attention of the legislature lo the subject of selecting jurors in the several counties in the State. 1 cannot forbear to urge it again upon yon, and lo add, Hint theie is one grievance very much com plained of in those counties, where it exists, under the law, that is, that w here separate win els are kept for the purpose of drawing jurors for different courts, there is much com plaint as to the manner of selecting the names put into these different wheels. It has been sne-gested that if one wheel only provided, out ofwhichall the panels of jurors for all the courts were drawn, this objection would be in a great measure obviated. 1 will merely fur ther remark, that the system of drawing jurors would ne very greatly perfected, it tlie selec tion iinJ drawing of the same were to be done by tbe commissioners and sheriff in open court, under the supervision of one or more of thu judges. Recent experience calls aloud for the protection ol the jury box from even the possibility of suspicion. My views have been so fully expressed in former messages, in favor ot tho support of a liberal and enlightened svstem of education by common schools, that I need scarcely repeat tliem. 1 will content myself by reiterating. that a sound education, based upon proper moral and religious training, is the best legacy a parent can bequeath to his child, and the best provision a patriot can make to secure the per manence and purity of our republican institu tions. I reTer you to the very full and elaborate report ofthe Superintendent, for the condition and details of our common schools, academics, female srannarics and colleges. A revision of ihe Militia Fystrm is here recom mrndrd, and alo a revision of the art lo abolish imprisonment for debt. An alluaion ia alao made to thn power of AlJemwc and Justices of th Praos in criminal raws. The tendency of public opinion, for a number of years past, haa gradually been In wenken and relai the rierulinn of Ihe crmina! laws. Thl mnrbid feeling haa ctrn reached iur.tra, and other function- rii a aiitf ne.'d in 1 1 mi a.lmf nM'rtlmn nf riimll.-1 just c, o ht it U wot an ui.i'ual apfclne' 'M rot&rla and ijlie rr.nvi.-l Alt' .l" i i cnnvu.i ae n,rnce on lha clear est lennv r fr,m;,,4 ou dav. and reentn m. inl hi J . d"o the eiff o(ie ll.e oeit. These apea1. rtiu eostainid aMies themselves with gieat funs j tbe magistrate nliucd with tbe power of nirdomnit offender, and it is not to be disf uised, that unless aoma check be put upon it, it will, In the end, lead to great injustice and shone. These remarks are made, not so much with a view to Invite immediate legislation on the sulject, aa io innuenre and temper the action ot Ihe fecial i- : lure on sut.ji cts connected with ihe criminal juria prudence of Ihe Bute. It baa been s ated that certain loan comnmian. innuranre Companies, and other similar corporation wnion nave sUung into existence within lha last ten years, t fleeted their organiration, and obtained Iheir charters, without conforming strictly lo the requisitions of lha law, or after having; obtained their charters, perpetrated ace, whereby they woulJ t forfeited; and hive, through sundry devices, procured the paa igs of laws, d. signed, without hav;ng the object expressed, to aereen them fiom the penalty which fliey had incurred, and to sanc tify the illi'g iliiy and corruption in which they ori ginated. tSuch legia'ation as this is thtulitleea at war wi'h the public inter, at and pulilic safety, and I respectfully recommend to Ihe legin'aiure, t.i en quite into the auhject. and if any such Ism s have been smuggled ihrough, in which the r al obj-cl " not iiiinjf, ate.l, 10 iepe.il the aitne at onre, and tn le-eve lLooe corporations in precisely tbo aame si tuation, in which their n acta placed them, at the time ih- y wi re prrjietrated. Ailrliii .iial chancery powers have !reii vete,l in some of ihe courts of the Commonwealth, t-'thoul nimble provision having b.'en made for the rxi rution of lhe-e powers. 'Hie hciufita t lie derive ! from lhi tno.litic .ttou of our jurisp'ud. n. e will in a (ireai measure I h.st, unlr ih ae defects .ire supplied. Among other provisions authority s'lotiM be uiveri for the appointment of maa er in chance ry, ami auditors, and the r funct one defined. 'I he legislature having omi'ted to appoint an nget.t ir, receive from the g neial g'lviTnnvi.t the divi.knd of tbia State from Ihe proceeds of thee ilea of lie public lan.le, I appointed Job Minn, Esq., Mtate I reaaurer, tiy virtue of the authority iv me by an act of lov greas, who baa rtCiived it, a- mounting to f (10.31:1 27. The eiplor .tiona connected e.'ith the fSeolojical purvey having been brought lo a auceaalul lermi nation, it ia neresniv th it mea u'ea be now aduut rd I v the legislature fir enit.odying and puhbahing ihe resul's without dt l.iy. Aa tbe state h is expen ded s considerable sum in lbs examination of her u.inetal rc-ources as it ia known that tbo final re I'lut ami mapa of the state Gcolegiitt will contain much valuable informaiion ofa n .lute lo invite and direct tbe iuvi atuirnt of cupital neceaairy for the dev. lopeiuent of .ur umur a eil mineral wealth ; and 9 li e opentea of ariongiug and publishing tlie deti.i'a pr. cuied, will bear Ix.t a small proportion to thut alreai'y incurred in Collecting them, considern tionn of a. uud economy and the pubi c good irqiiue. tin t the prop. i steps I e t .ken for jfft ding our ci tizens the benefits of this auivey as ao.in as practi cable. Iiy applying the ba'ance of tbe appr pri.i Pons for the incidental ixpcnscg of tl e au v. y, t' e l.eob gist has I ecu enibled to make coiiider.iMc progreaa towanla conflicting the mapa, ami diw ings. and orioua other portions of the work ; but murh d lay haa arisen from the legislature hiving omi led at its Let sen-ion, lo make provision for the furiiihhmg and engraving nf the mapa, for Ihe r - rep'ien of ihe fr-tnte ("at.ini t, and for the punting of tbe final report, in Conformity lo the aujge-lioiM in the last annual report of the Gevlogiat, to wl.ic'.i you are respectfully referred. Oppreaaed, aa ll.e alum ia, ly peruniiey em' ar-ra-ni nts, at tbe p.eseni lime, it behove us In ie trench all expenditures ofthe pul.be m iiev, and to (Mia'd the interest of our constiuienta with the same fukbty and care that we would i lert in guar.ling our own. Among other important expenditures, those incident lo the legislature e in lo have been, for the last twenty yeaia. greatly on the increase. While the expense. of ihe other .lepattmenU have l een almost atationaiy, those of the I. gis'ature h ive been conidera! ly more than doubbd. No s.. l a factory reason can I shown for this nd it rails aloud for inquiry and redress. The public pr n' ing ia one of the I .rjeM items in th a exie:idilu e, ami has incieaaed in a ratio that defies rt aa m .ble explnnaiioii. It demon. la a remedy. I can we none better lh.ui to provide for appointing a public prin ter to execute all tbe puHic printing at fixed and reasonable, prices. Tlie work can then be done Willi er. at. r fact iiy ami .conoinv. su..i policy strong y recommends Una measure, ami tne exam ple of oilier alnlea fu lv ocuoua iL I repecttully commend it to your alien ion. '1'lils is the first occasion on which I have had tbe honor to aJJre-a a majority of both house of ihegemrul asaeml-lv, belonging lo I lie same politi oil relaiioi.ship with my-elf; and I cinnot f.rliear lo expr.sa Ihe gratiucaiion I feel at the proaic.l ol a h .rmonioua and coufi.lct.lial umTeislan ling I e- iw.en Ihe several leg'slihva deparmcuts ot Ihe go vernment. I trust we shall rerollerl. inn! me gr. ut distinctive charaeteri-tics of Ihe party to which we are attached, have ever been magnanimity ami jus tice o our opponents. Let us not forgel that mi. norim a have riuhta aa well aa mnjorftua; and that whatever may have heen the examples act us l.y olheia, it ia the part nf thoa- who are g. nuine belie vers .n the piiiii'i lea of democracy, 'lo do u toothers aa tliey would tlial oilier ihou:d do Unto them.' You will a'low me, in concilia on, lo submit to you, in a spiiii of inu-l frankne-a and re.pert, ihe piopntty ef s prompt and enei.tic ucapiictl ol Hi public bui-ii.rfx, and an adjournment al the rarl est day practicable. 11 ut few leading measures nf pub lic importance will come Iwfore you, ami those are nol ot a nature lo l essentially benefitted by a pro tract, d d. lay. The people will certainly be willing lo forego at" the present session, moat, if nol all of those uiiva'e mailers, which usually occupy so Urge a share of ll.e time and attention of ihe legisl .lure. We h.vo hail a surfeit of jumbled private legisla tion. I.el those pleasures, in which the pub'ic at large reallv haa an interest.be adopted; and ih wotk for which you have assembled is done. Lei he re-t be postponed until the condition of the Treasury juft.fiea ihe Continuance of ihe . gislature for private use ; the present i not ihat lime. To whatever depiriment of the government we belong, we should n member, that our fT.ns to re form abuses and to retrench expense', will avail but lillle, if we do not nctu-e ourselves the principles we lay down for ih guidance of otheis. Tbis is the only mode in which we can prove our own sin cerity, and satisfy the people that wa aie truly in earuist. Lei ns art upon ihia policy, and I trust the piesent scss on will furnish an rumple worthy the imitaiion of future legislatures, ll will atTud uie Rr.at pleaU' lo join with you in a'l efforts to render ii I'eservii g of that proud and honoiable dis tinction. A firm and manly txeil on. on our part, lo do much, and to do it well, in a short time, wi: both promote the public welfare, and secure lha public spptol alion. No stronger incentive to du ly ran possibly he afforded to hone.-t and intelligent servants of the people. DAVID R. PORTER. Ei"ctivi Cutvtar.a, Jlarritbutg, January 4, 1843. J As I'm a a ru. woara tTiiiso. Mr, Bra. ham, sn optician at Bath, exhibits in h'm th 'p an ordinary looking silk umbre la, con aii'lng a teles, scoj, a rnarro-coi-v, a ihem'.meler, a e J(npasa, anJ a son-dial, all a-tully pac',,,, twty ia t j,and!.. A Dues Lawiib. A gentleman) ef color was recently called lo the bar of the Middle TrmpV, London. His lather is ene of the Senators of Jama ica, and possessed of a very large foitunr, the bulk of which be enlaiKJ on bis son. THE AMERICAN. Saturday, Jan. 7, 1843. CXj We have just reeeivej sixty teams of print' ing paper, similar in size and quality to the sheet upon which this is printeJ. Also 3G reams of su per Royal 21 by S8 inches, which will be solJ at coat and carriage, for cash. fXj We lay b fore our read, ra, to day, the Oo vernor's Nfea'aije. We have no room for com ments this week. On Tuesday last, on motion of Mr. Pollock, Wm. I.. Dewirt was admitted to practice as an Attorney in the eevrr..l e .uris of the county. On thn .fame day, on motion of Mr. Miller, Charles M. Bruner was admitted to practice aa an Alfirney in the s. ver.il courts of ibis county. We cordially welcome our young fneuds into the ranks nf the profession, sn I wish them success in their new anJ arduous undt rtak nrj. The legislature was convened at Harriburg on Tuesday last. II. 3. Wri,;h', Esq., of Luzerne, wa elect, d Speaker of the House, and Mr. Crispin, of Philadelphia, Seker ofthe Senate. Litlcll'i Musrum of Foreign Literature This exclieiit publication, afier the lapse of six months, during which ti ne it had heen suspended on account of sums leg il proceedings, h .s again mide il appe ar inoe. The proprietor of the Mu seom have in ido an agreement w.ih the proprietor of the American Ec'rc ic, a work similar to that nf the Museum, by which these two valuable publi rations will be here .fer is-u.d under tbe title of the Awsricak Eclectic ivu Mcsel-k or For. now LtranaTrsa." We cinsnfely recommend his work, as vastly superior to all lha light Iraah with which the Press is teeming in the shspe of "Companion. Mag .lines and Worlds of Fashion," and from the perusal of which readers would derive profi: as well as pleasure. The County Muling of Monday and Tuesday last. We regret that circumstances prevent us from laving I elore nur rcadeis tlie pr cted ngs of iho meeting for the purpose if appointing a de ejate to the 8 h of January Convention. We w ere not present at ihe commencement of the pro ceedings on Monday last. Tin re was considera ble difficulty ic del rmining w briber Genllammond or M jor Wm. L. Dcwart, ws the choice of the meeting. The panics then formed a line in the street for ihe purpose of ascertaining the strength of each. Tbe friends of Major Dewart Insisted that he had the rmj.uity, and lha friends of Gen. Hammond also claimed it. We did not count, but from he apprarinre of the lir es were inclined lo believe the majority w as in favor of Mr. Dewart. Tbe meiling went into the court house sgain, when on motion it waa agreed to ailjnurn till next day, (Tuesday.) at one o'clock. We were not present on that d iv , but are informed that not more than twenty were present, anJ that the meeting was ended by appointing Gen. Hammond, before the people had tunc, lo assemble. Tbe friende of Mr. D. wart immediately assembleJ and hud him apKincd a delegate, who c rtainly bad a large majority in hi favor on that day. After ihe meeting, we deaucd to get the proceedings to pub li.h. We wcro nferred to Judge Montgomery, who waa then on the bench in cour'. He refused to let u have them, stating he wished to copy ihem. We slated that we would return them in the evening in time for him, as he could not copy thorn wh le in court, lla veiy deliberately placed his arms over the desk, in the drawer of which the precious d'lcument were deposi ed and seemingly guarded them wilh as much care to presei ve ibsin from the vulgar g.izeof the multitude, as ever Joe Smith did hi celebrated "golden plates." One of Gen. H unmond's friends, however, offered to lei ua have tbem if we would guwentee that they would be published auiiie aa they were adopied. W should, of course, have published them as d p ted, if we published them at all, and made our com ments in our editorial columns. An editor, who had any regard for bis character, would not think of adopting any other course. We, therefore, r fu-e 1 to give the guarantee which was exacted from ua, aimply because wa happened la be in favor of Ma jor Pewart, We ha I no motive to mutilate or al ter the pr. "ceding, nor ia there a sing'e reason to suppose we had. We were then, and are now, en tirely ignorant of the nature of the rraolutions or pr ice, dinj as drawn out. We offered to publish the proceedings as a mattir of course, and had wa dissented from ihem we should have stated ao in a separate article. Had cur advice been taken, which waa to send both, and which we understand had been agreed upon, there would have been no. difficulty. We took but lillle interest in the pro. creiinga of the meeting, and cared tut liule, so far aa we are co icerned, about their pubr.;,'0n. The del. gates wi I both be at Hamburg, and will, no doubi. b th he admits ,0 ,ak KgU in ,he c veution wiihou'. iny difficulty. A ca vivos. -The Journal of Commer-e says thrre is still another "last survivor" of ihe gillant crew of Paul Jones Mr, George Raymond, now j living at Brooklyn, al the age of 8, who was sail- ing f, ,slcr under Cap. Jones through all his ad venture. He is, however, very probably soon to go lha way of his chivalrous comrades. Refunding. The South Caioltna legislature lately passed a irsolution r. funding to the heirs of Dr, Thomas Cooper tbe fine imposed en him in Pennsylvania, foi a liWI on Pse.i.l.tit J hn Adams. New Hirnpshire has not al (dished lbs punish ment of lcathj at hs erroneously been slated.