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Vl President's Addrrst ! th
Scsvrom In directing tho Vice President to preside at tlie deliberations of this body, tlie constitution of our country assigns to him a sphere and duty alike eminent and grateful. Without any of the carea of real power, with none of the responsibilities of legislation, except in nre conjectures, he isaisociated withthed'g nlhVd delegates of republican sovereignties; he i posted by ihe entire American people in your confederated Council, partly it would srom, as an organ of Freedom's fundamental principle of Order, and partly, perhaps, as a mere sym hoi of -that more popular and "more perfect union" on which depend the blessings of our .Peace, Independence and Liberty. His mission, tranquil and un imposing, is yet noble in its ori gin and object), and happy, as well as proud, in its relations to you. Noone, gentletnen.can appreciate more high ly or recognize more deferentially, than does the incumbent of this chair, the powers, provi leges, and rules or forma of the Senate of the United States. To maintain these unimpaired i and unrelaxed, he feels to bean official duty, ' second in impressive obligation only to his Con- I stitutioiial allegiance. To their exercise the Republic owes incalculable good; and through them has been gradually achieved a widespread fame for wisdom, justice, moderation and ffi ciency, unsurpassed by any assembly of states men in former or present times. A calm and well adjusted system of action in the chamber, carefully devised and steadily pursued hy those who have preceded ua in it, has indeed largely contributed to the undoubted success of our great political experiment. In stability, haste, procrastination, disCvXirlesy, and indecision, habitually discountenanced and ban ished, leave, in undisturbed supremacy here, the powers of enlightened reason, and the vigor of practical patriotism. Our country reaps j thence solid and substantial advantage lit her po licy, institutions, prospects, and renown. The citizen whom it has pleased a people, to elevate by their suffrages, from the pursuits of private and domestic life, may best evince his grateful sense of the honor thus conferred, by devoting his faculties, moral and intellectual, resolutely to their service. This I slmll do ; yet with a diffidence unavoidable to one con scious that almost every step in his nppo'nted path is to him new and untried, and sensible how dangerous a contrast must occur in the transfer of powers from practised to unpractised hands. In observing, however, upon this floor, a num bor of those experienced and slcilful statesmen on whom the nation justly looks with pride and reliance, I am assured that there can be but lit tle danger of public disadvantage fiom innnver tincies or mistakes, which their consent may readily avert or rectify. And thus, gentlemen, while aiming frankly and impartially to exercise the functions of an unaccustomed station in the spirit of the con stitution, for the enlarged and lasting purposes of a reverend country, and with sincere and good-will toward all, I may cherish the encour aging hope of being able, with the assent of an indulgent Providence, at once to perform my duty, and to attract your confidence. W.J-. A -V 'i ll-LJ'l-ll. . 1 '. -I Tut Wheat Insect. A correspondent of i the New York Mirror gives the following ao count of an occurrence whxh came under his own notice, and which may serve to throw some light upon the nature and chancter of that plague of dinner, the wheat insect. He says "In the spring of 1411, I placed a bag con taining hall a bushel of white fl nt wheat in seed drawer, under glass, and near the furnace of my green house. On the 6ihof March, 1945, I opened the bug, and to my surprise, found thousand of living insects, such as are now pre sented to you some were on the point of lea v ng the kernel, cithers were just commencing to cat through, and many were perfectly form ed, and running about in all directions. Six years ago, 1 was in tlie habit ofsoaking my ear ly grains in suit brine, lor the purpose of des troying the egg of tliii insect, which I assured my neighbors, much to their amusement and unbelief wu ensconced in the kernel. Now, by accident, the fuel is made manifest. The in sect would not have appeared until June, per haps, had thu w heat been sown. The warm sit uation which it occupied in the greenhouse brought it thus early to maturity." gaag g mi , i. i as l THE AMERICAN. Saturday, Jflareh Ifl, 1845. C7" We are indebted to Messrs. Ilorton, Eyer, Bright and Lniimun, of the Legislature, and Messrs. Biichannnn, Bidlack, Pollock and others, of Congress, for documents. fXj- We have had several falls of snow this week, making the roads very bad. The Susquehanna is in fine order, and for the last week has been covered with rafts and arks, on their way to market. A Nvsmery, or Seminary for tho 'Lndicsot' the Sacred Heart," is about to be constructed at Montreal, to aid in spreading Roman Catho lic doctrines among the Protectant children of British settlers. The French Canadian papers are delighted with the idea. These ladies now reckon no less than GO es tablishments of their order in different parts of the world, viz. : 1 in Fiance, 4 in and near Pa ri?, 3 in and near Lyons, 12 in Italy, 2 in Switz erland, I in Pol ino, 2 in England, 1 near Ion don, and one near Bath, 1 in Ireland, 1 in Bel gium, 1 in Africa, 9 in the United States, and 1 in Canada. They are found t. bo powerful auxiliaries in sheading the Catholic religion, and the French papers in Canada note with great satisfaction that many intelligent Protes tants in the United States scud their daughters C7" The Spiuno Elections The election for Justices of the Peace, Constables, Judges of elections, &c, will take place on the 21st inst. There ere a number of candidates before the people, from which to select pood officers. fj United States Senator. It affords us great pleasure in saying that General Sivon Camkron has been elected U. S Senator, in the place of the lion. James Buchanan, appointed Secretaryof State, in the Cabinet of Mr. Polk. Gen. Cameron is a gentleman of talent, and a strong advocate of the Tariff. K7" Dkfi.ty Sirveyor. Abraham Shipman, Esq., of Augusta, lias been appointed Deputy Surveyor, for this county. The appointment is a good one. Mr. Shipman is not only a man of excellent character, but also a firm, unwavering democrat. CT The hell of the new Presbyterian Church, in Northumberland, can be heard in this place, on a calm evening, almost as distinctly as one of nnr nu-n. Our neit'hhora have reason to be oroud to these seminaries. Some of the young ladits I , ,.,, ... . ,.,. become so oeiignieu wiuitne quiei lives ot uie pious sisters that, on completing their education, they consecrate themselves to the Church for life. Ac if York Sun. Three Childulm Fkozen to IHatii. A touching incident is thus related by the auxil iare Breton : During the last few days of cold three young children of the town of Baines had been sent out by their parents to gsther dead wood. These poor infanta lost themselves in the wood, and night came on without their having been able to refind their road. The eldest, scarce six years old, sought some shelter, and there hud dled up his little brothers ; he then Gripped himself of his waistcoat, and covered them with it, and made them a rampart from the cold with his body. It was in this condition that they were found the next morning, all three frozen to death." Xy We have received the first number of the 'Weekly Recorder, "' anew paper just started at Selinsgrove, I'nion county, by Mr. Peter Fisher. It is neutral in politics. Mr. Fishei served part of his apprenticeship in this office. We wish him all success in this new and rather hazardous en terprise. fXThe "Fulton Herald" is a new paper pub lished at Fulton, Mis by E. Y. Carr & Wm. Shannon. Mr. Shannon was formerly of this place, and is a sou of the Ute Sheriff, James R. Shannon. Tub Lead Caves or Missouri. TheCin cinnati Chronicle says Our country is as great in caves as it is in mountains and rivers. Among these the most remarkable are the recently dis covered lead caves of Missouri. They are B bout sixty miles south of Saint Ixiuis, in JefTer- e n county, not fur from Herculaneum. A sc ries of large caves ban been discovered in a rkli lead mine, which seems to be made, as it were, out of lead. Five have here now been discove red, leading from one to another but the end is not yet ; for the end has not been discovered. The following arc their dimensions : let Cave, 30 feet by 30 2d do 2-j do M 3d do 40 do 70 4th do 25 do 30 Slh has been explored only partially. The following paragraph from the St, Louis Repub lican, will explain what is known of these caves: "Gen. James Hunt, formerly of Trenton, New Jersey, has led the way in the discovery of the succession of caves in thie lead since the commencement. The last account we gave of him, about a month ago, ho had just catered cave No. 4 ; he has now made his way CO feet in No. 5, and masses of (lutcua are the only hindrance to his further progress. Before the two last caves were discovered, this we considered the greatest lead on record ; and now the prospects for the future seem to brighten aa he advances. "This lead runs about South, thirty-five de grees East, commencing about ten miles from Hillsborough, the county scat for Jefferson coun ty the lead being about S5 miles south of St. Ixiuis. "It is owned by a company of a few individu als besides tho General, 6omc of whom reside in this city. Catsi of Insanity. In a report of one of J the public institutions for the insane, we find, among the supposed causes of innnily, the fol lowing : Millerisin, 8 men and 5 women ; dis appointment in love, 9 men and 4 women ; po lilical excitement, 5 won ; Fourierism, 1 man ; preaching 10 days and night, 1 mau ; study of phrenology, 1 man. O,' 'Kil patients, insanity commenced in 1J0 between the ages of 20 and 25. Smoking Hams. Hams are very effectually preserved from the attacka of the fly, while their quality is not at all injured, by throwing rod pepper upon the fire in the smoke house, during the latter part of the operation. Water Mills ok the Dam'ue The edi tor of the Savannah Republican, iu one of his letters from abroad, says that below Presburg, the Danube spreads tint into one broad expanse, with flat uninteresting hank-), which are some times faced with stone to control the vagaries of the capricious and changing current. A few miles below Presburg begin the water mills, which occur at intervals of a few miles on al most every part of the lower Danube. These mills are formed of two boats moored in the ri ver, in the direction ot 'he stream, on each of which rests one end of a large water wheel that revolves with the current. In each boat is a small house, one of which is the d wel ing of the miller and hra family, wlrle the other is the mill. Often forty or fifty ol theee milU may be seen hear the same place, and when they (-erur together they are generally moored in (7hVi, so that no one is immediately in tho rear of the other. It is a pleasing thing on rushing down the mighty stream in a tt'eamhoat to hear the peaceful clack of these mills the only sound breaking the solitude that reigns around. It is a curious fact that, until a very recent date, the only use theso waters were made to subserve, was the turning of the mills. The Romans knew more about the river and made more use of it than the inhabitants of Modern Europe, up to the beginning of this century. Uickiitll'i Rr porter. How to be Waited Chin. The following story, from the Mirror, may be called the last Yankee trick : "We heard a ettry worth recording, a Yan kee variation of an expedient tried some years ago by an Englishman at Saratoga. John Bull, in that instance, after calling in vain to the fly ing attendants at the crowded tuble, splashed a handful of silver into his plate and handed it to a waiter, with a request fur "a clean plate and some soup,'' A Massachusetts Judge, probably reinc-Vring this, drew a gold piece from his pocket last week while sitting hungry at the stripped table at Washington, and tapping his tumbler with it till heatlracttd attention, laid it Cv The Lycoming Gazette, of last week, says they received, on Thursday evening last, the on ly two copies of the Inaugural Address that reached that place, and adds : "By this marked attention, we are enabled to spread this highly interesting document before a portion of our readers this (Friday) alternoon, in advance of our cotemporaries of this and ad joining counties." In order to convince the editor that there are some few smart folks out of Williamsport, we shall only mention that we struck off a lew co pies of the Inaugural on Thurrduy evening, and sent seveial by mail that night to '-cote iiiporarirs of adjoining counties.'1 0JT Taxes ox Stair Storns. Messrs. Coop er and Trego, of the Committee on Ways and Means, have made minority report adverse to taxing State Stocks. That Foreign and other stockholders, when receiving dividends on their stocks, should contribute as well as others from their annual income, is a principle of equity that must be obvious to all. The farmer, who lays out a thousand dollars in land, which yields him, with his labor, from three to six per cent, must, of course, pay his tax on that amount, while the money lender, it seems, who invests his thou sand in State Stocks, is receiving from five to six per cent, without performing any labor whatever, asks to be exempted from this burden. The report, however, attempts to draw a dis tinction between the two classes, and argues thus : "It is urged in substance by the majority, that the comtnoiiwi alih, in all the tax lawa which she has passed, has exercised the same power which is claimed for her now. It is said that lands, which are the subject of taxation, were sold by her, and that the prent proprietors hold of her, or under her, by virtue of a contract, the consideration of which was the money original ly paid by the purchasers ; and that, notwith s'snding such contract, the lands have always been taxed for the support of Uovernment. This is undoubtedly true, but the cates are widely different. It i- a part of the compact between the government and people always and everywhere that the latter should contribute to the support of the former. This obligation of the people enters into and forms a part of the compact between them and the Government. It is the price they pay for protection, and the Government has a riulit to exact it. But the Government has no riyht to compel loans, ei ther from her own citizens or strangers. W hen she nlaces herself in the attitude of a borrower. stie is more ot a suppliant than a sovereign, and fciiKlnesm the contract she ma ks as such is ss on igautry uiHin her as it she were a mere private terion. Iler sovereignly gives her no exemption ; and the constitution of the United Stales declares that she shall not, by any exercise of the legis lative power, discharge herself from the obliga tion of her contract." It is surprising; that men of their talents and understanding should resort to arguments so fal lacious and untenable. Whoever heard of the Government compelling loans from citizens or strangers! And that the Government has been a suppliant, is as groundless as ''the baseless fa biie of a vision." Who does not recollect w hat a rush there used to be for the stock, and the spe culations that were made, by management, in procuiing it. In England, where they under stand the subject of taxation bvtter than in any other country, foieifn as well as other stock holders of their enormous public debt, pay a 1ax on the same. They are taxed upon the princi ple that they are bound to contribute to the sup port ol the government, which pioteets their pnpe-ty ; for a government bond is just as much property as any other personal property can be. The tax thus received will amount to nearly $100 (wu per annum, and assist greatly in pay ing the interest of our public debt. K7" RKstn.iATto or Ma. Bee iiaxa. The following message was received by the Legisla ture on the 8th inst., from the Executive : Executive Chamber, I March, 8, 1841. ) To tht Stnntt and Hnwe of Htprmtnlativn of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Gentlemen the Hon. James Buchanan, hav ing accepted tha office of Secretary of State of the Lnited States, has forwarded to me his resig nation as one of the Senators of Pennsylvania in the Senate of the United States, a copy of which I have the honor herewith to transmit to the Le gislature, that the vacancy may be snpplied a grecably to taw. (Signed.) FRANCIS R. SHUNK. Corv. Wasiiisuton, 5th March, 1815. Mr Dsar Sir : Having accepted the office of Secretary of State, to which I have been called by President Polk, I now respectfully tender to you my resignation as one of the Senators of Pennsylvania, in the Senate of the United States, and request that you may communicate the same t the Legislature. In thus severing the bonds which have so long bound me to the Legislature and people of Penn sylvania, I lannot, in view of their past kindness, repress the rising emotions of my heart. My gratitude shall terminateonly with my existence; and my anxious desire to retain their approbation shall animate my future exertions to deserve it on the nw theatre of duty to which I have been called. Imploring the blessing of Heaven upon my efforts, I humbly trust, that during the re mainder of my public life, 1 shall not disgrace the glorious old Commonwealth which gave me birth, and has ever treated me with, parental With sentiments of the highest res I remain sincerely your Iriend, Jamks Biciiana. pect, LEGISLATIVE PROCEEDINGS. llARRisst.Rri, March 10th. A resolution passed the House this morning, instructing the Committee on Retrenchment and Reform to inquire into the expediency of allot ting the public works, by sections, to the lowest and west bidder. In the Senate, Mr. Sullivan reported as a re form measure, a bill to reduce the session to 60 days, and to alter tho constitution so that it will conform to the bill for the election of Piesident and Vice President on the tame day. The House Resolutions, providing for the e- lection of U. S. Senator on Thursday, was con curred in. The bill providing for a Reporter of decisions of the Supreme Court, was reported, amended, from the Judiciary Committee. The bill lor an Out-Let Lock at Black s Eddy, was reported from the Committee on Corporations. Mr. Champneyt repotted from the Committee on Education, a bill lequiring children applying for admission to the Schools hereafter, to be at least 6 years of age. (In motion of Mr. Crabb, the Finance Commit tee was instructed to report upon the expediency of reporting a bill requiring the State Treasurer to give monthly reports of the leceipts and ex penses of the State. California. The Washington correspondent of the Journal of Commerce says : "There is now a fair prospect that we shall acquire Cali fornia by Treaty. The Whig party will com mence the new movement for this object, by way of a set-offat;ainst Texas. The possession of California will be as valuable to us as that of Texas, and it can be. and probably will be, ac quired by Treaty. A joint resolution will be introduced, in Executive session, it is said, by Mr. Archer, requesting the President to open a negotiaton with Mexico forthe settlement of th buiimlary between the United States and Mexi co, and also for obtaining indemnity from that Government for spoliations of American com merce and outrages on American citizens. Mex ico will be expected, of course, to give up the Elections. The annual election in New Hampshire took place on the 11th instant. Four members of Congress and a Ciovernnr were chosen. John 11. Steele, the former Governor, was the llemocratic candidate for re-election. In Rhode Island, the annual election comes off 'j California, in part pay. on the 'id of April, and is for (iovernorand two j members of Congress. Jumes Fennet, the pre- tent incumbent, is the Law and Order candidate I ! for the gubernatorial chair. I The election in Connecticut, for Governor and four members of Congress, will be held on the 7th j of April. j In Virginia, on the 17th of April, fifteen mem i bers of Congress and the Legielature are to be ! chosen. C7 Canal Commissioner. A large meeting was held at Bloomshurg, on the 27th ult., for the purpose of appointing delegates to attend the Convention at Harrisburg, to nominate a Canal Commissioner Daniel Snyder, Esq., presided at the meeting. Jas. S. Munroe was appointed the Kepresentative delegate, and A. Beaumont, of Luzerne, the Senatorial delegate, with instruc tions to support Col. IU.nry C. Etna, for Canal Commissioner. rX7" Tiif. Cor rt Hoi sr. The Bar in our Court House has been entirely renioddled and enlarged. The Bench occupied by the Judges has been widened and extended. The railing and panel work around the Bar is now about three and a half feet high, affording a free circulation of heat in the w inter, as w ell as air in the summer season. The Grand Jury will now occupy three seats, running parallel fiom the Bench, about twelve feet ill length, on the right of the Judees and outside of the railing of the Bar. The Jurort will, therefore, enter the boxes without inter fering with the Bar. The Traverte Jury w ill occupy a similar position on the left, with two spaces lor chairs, equal in width to the three (Jiand Juty boxes. The Bar extends out a bout five feet beyond the Jury boxes, and it near ly square, with about three feet of the corners cutoff. Inside the bar. on the right, there will be a long table parallel with the Jury boxes. On the left there will be two circular tables, to be occupied by counsel, engaged in trying cau ses. The Prothonatary't desk will occupy the old place, but sidewise to the Court, and with hit back to the Grand Jury. The desk of the Orphans' Court Clerk on the opposite tide. The whole hat been admirably arranged for the convenience and comfort of the Bench. Bar and Jury, and re flects the highest credit on Ihe commissioners and the committe of arrangement. It is proper to say that the dry rot had completely destroyed the sleepers of the floor, and that nothing but a few boards running under the Judges Bench pre vented the floor going down. fX7TAXF The proceedings before the Board of Revenue Commissioners shew tome strange things. For instance, the tax in this county on trades and occupations, it is said, amounts to over beside his plate, and pointed to it while he men tioned what he wanted. He was miraculously supplied of course, but, w hen he had nothing more to aak, ho politely thanked the waiter, and returned the gold piece to hit own pocktt!" A gentleman was lately inquiring for a young lady ot his acquaintance. "Sho ia dead," very gravely replied '.he person to whom he addres sed hia inquiries. "Good God ! I never heard of it what waa her disease 1" "Vanity." repli ed the other ; she buried herself alive in the arms of an old fellow of seventy, with a fortune, in order to have the glorious satisfaction of a gliJed tomb I" Miss In, who is a lady of some fortune, and sister to Mr. Dix, U. S. Senator from New York, in her praiseworthy and humane efforts in behalf of the insane, visited every Jail, Hospi tal and Almshouse in the State,' excepting one or two. She thus speaks of the Jail in this place, and pays Shet iff Maurer the compliment of keep ing it in decent order, which is more than can . be said of mot of our prions : "NoRtHi'MHERt.ANii Coi vt v Jail, in Sunburv. I was in decent order. 1 found no prisoners, but j learned that this prison was subject to all the objections w hich apply to the majority of conn- j ty prisons. The prisonert were well supplied j at their meals from the keeper s table, at 1 was told. This county has no poor house ; the poor are distributed in the several townships a conveni ence and economy may determine. I learned from a medical practitioner, and others, that there were in the county many casct of insanity, ur gently claiming appropriate care ; but the entire number of idiots, epileptics, and insane, I could not lrarn. Many suffer from absolute neglect, and some become, it is feared, incurable through want of remedial treatment." CTirSLE MR AND Pl.t. TICKLE YOl'. The Harrisburg papers, of both parties, are engaged writing short sketches of the characters of the members of the legislature. According to thete sketchet we have the congregated wisdom and virtue of the whole State assembled within the four walls of the Capitol. It appears there is not a man among the one hundred and thirty three who it not distinguished for something. Si st(i'F.iiASN Pkonri-R. The first cons'gn ment of Susquehanna produce reached Baltimore on Friday ; about lhOO barrel of (lour, to Messrs. Hazlehurst and Walters. Coal Thaiik. The whole amount of coal fiom the Schuylkill region, from the 1st of January till tl.a l.r... f m. m VI trrnm I , Tun Far West. It is almost inconceivable with what rapidity the people of the country are moving towards the Far West. The Western Journal of the l.'dhultimo givesthe returns of an election in Piatt county, on the west line of Mis souri, at which two thousand votes were polled, giving a population of more than ten thousand. This county cannot be found on the most modern maps. Yet this I'hitt county is filled up with a dense population, and a line of four horse post coaches runs from St. Louis to Weston. Towns and cities rise in the West, literally, as it under magic influene. Such are the effects of free in stitutions, applied to a fertile country. Wiskonsin Tt:linnotiv. It is proposed to di vide Wiskonsin into two territories, one to b called Superior Territory, which will embrace an area of lbO OOtl square miles. A State in Emiiiivo. Nebraska is described by one who has often traversed it as among the most inviting regions ot the far West. It is said to be perfectly healthy, and the finest grazing country on the continent. Splknmu Present to Mr. Ci.at. A rich and beautiful plate, lays the Louisville Journal of Tuesday, passed through this city last week as a present to Mr. Clay. We understand it came from New York. Mrs. Tyler has been much complimented by some of the Washington letter writers, on look ing ' sweetly." It is thought that life on a re tired Virginia plantation will not suit her. Mrs. ' Polk is represented as very gay in the matter of ! dress, while her husband is negligent. I Gov Dorr, it is said, is at present so feeble in health as to be unable to pel form any labor in the prison workshop. Wild Pigeons, in large numbers, have made their appearance at Buffalo. For the last few days, immense flocks have been in the woods, An Early Call. Mr. Marcy took chargeof ; between Cold pnngs ami black iock. the War Department on Saturday. He was scarely in hit place when he received a vis.t from j A Laroe Family. A Mrt. and Mr. Pealy of an applicant, of whom the correspondent of the , Jackson county, Missouri, have twenty-seven Baltimore Sun gives the following account: I children. "Yesterday, a young man stepped into this Department, and, assuming an air of importance, ! seated himself at one of the tablet, and asked j one of theclerks, 'Well! is your new man come A correspondent of the Boston Atlas, dated London, Feb. 3, says: "Autographs are highly valued in this country . and even at an auction sale they often command very high prices. There was a large sale, last week, of autograph letters and historical documents, at Fletcher's, in Pic cadilly. Out of several hundred lots of autogiaphs of sovereigns, noblemen, statemen, and literal y characters, it is a proud fact, that an autograph letter of Washington's commanded a higher sum than any other autograph letter ! For example, a letter of Shenstone's, the poet, brought thir teen shillings one of Dr. Fiauklin's brought thirty three shillings two letters in the hand-j writing of Mrs. Jordan, brought only seven shil lings while one letter in that of Chas. James Fox brought only eight shillings, and one of Can ning's lettert brought the same sum. Autographs of George II., III., and IV., brought from seven to fourteen (hillings and one of 'Marye the Oucene,' brought twenty-two shillings. Sir Walter Scott's autograph brought eight shillings. The grand lot of all. No 100. commanded a much higher turn. Thit lot was thus described in the catalogue: 'A letter ot the celebrated (jeori.e Wasinv.lo.N, dated Fail fax, county of Virginia, June'.'l, 1771." There was a spirited competi tion for this lot, which was finally told for two pounds and five shillings. It is remarkable that the letter of an American Piesident should com mand a higher turn than the autographs of Bri tish Kings and Statesman ! This simple inci dent shows, in some decree, the high estimation of Washington among Englishmen." Emigrants going into the State of Mississippi are allowed to bring their slaves with them. cenn I.. f.l,,,..i.;.. ....,., cn,nuili!ii .if. r cum ! ' I nm.Aiirn fl: Hi . . t A n imt,rAVii ransl i f .1 .11 Tl. ' ' 1 - BIIU 111 L.VCUII1IIIC IU I1IBI llUlllllfU Ul (III. raised on watches, in Berks county, is put down at i7,3.1h; in Allegheny $331,50, and in Chester only $120. Allegheny and Chester counties eon tain almost at large a population at Berks. We have but little confidence in the measures of the Board. According to the valuations fixed by the Commissioners and others, proierty in this county it valued about the same as that of Lan caster county, and yet, any man who hat any knowledge on the subject, knows that land, gen erally, in Lancaster county, will sell readily at prices double the amount, of land in this. rjy The nomination of Mr. Bancroft, Secre tary of the Navy, lias been confirmed without se rious opposition. boat, avoiding the burden of steam engine, and worked by horse power on its decks, has been invented and patented by Mettrt. Delvan & Richardt, machinist! and boat builders of Read ing. A boat with the improvement is in progress of erection at that place, and will be tested in the course of the summer. Acts or Congress. The session of Congrett just closed patted teitnty-nint acta and tixteen joint retolutiont. The acts of general importance which were patted have already been mentioned. The other acts are for the relief of individuals and for local purposes. Com i Ni. Fresh shad are served up in Balti more daily in yet V The clerk replied that Gov. Marcy had not "et entered the Department. 'Hem!' said tht joungster. 'I'm an applicant for office. I'm from the same town he it he used to be in favor of tuperteriptioit, and I believe he is in fa vor ottuperifriptitiit now ; my papers are before the President, and if there it any tupernriptiun 1 shall get an office that 1 shall." Cotton Mani'eac Tt'REt at Pitism aci. The Piltshutg (iazette notioet the formation in tkat city of a company for cotton manufacturing on an extentive tcale. (They will run b00 tpin diet and 2 J5 loomt, weaving all their yarn ) A nother cotton mill w ill be built at toon as prac ticable, for spinning and weaving the founda tions, 100 by 70 feet, are already laid. Thit will be the seventh, betides oue idle. SinoaY Amiszmknys Cockfights every Tuesday, Friday and Sunday evenings, are ad vertised in New Orleans. Pkoi.ress or Rfi inement. The Vicksburg Constitutionalists says that no smoking of cigars or pipes it permitted in any ehureh in the city of Vicksburg '. Demand roa Railroad Iron. The Tribune sys by reason of the great number of new Rail- ! roads in progress, both in England and in this country, the cost of their construction it materi ! ally increased. The Iron manufacturers find it ! at much at they can do to keep up with the de mand. On the arrival of the steamer, Iron went up from 10 to 15 per cent. Outo Bankiso Law It is stated that there are to be seven new banks under the Ohio Bank ing law ; one in Cincinnati, two at Columbus, two at Cleveland, and two at Zanetville, all in dependent. The Bank of Ohio, it is said, will never go into operation. The manufacture of Britannia Ware is about to be commenced in Albany, by a wealthy house of that city. The lee trad at St. Louis is quite lively- The article tells at from It SO to 15 00 per ton. Law. An English paper says there are now no fewer than 1450 statutes in force, and of 376 more tuppoted to be repealed, or obtolete, there are 143 ol which no man ran certainly say whe ther they are repealed or not. Yet we areall supposed to know the law '. Smi'vclinc in Ekglanp. It costs 500,000 a year to put down smuggling in England, and goods, to the value of millions, are, nevertheless, smuggled there every year. Cast Iron Monuments for the dead are made in Knglar.d instead of marble and granite.