Newspaper Page Text
I HO III
In order to show our readers that the United Stales will, before two years, sjuppljr itself with iron, and afford a surplus for exportation, we ibjuiii the following, showing the whole mount of iron and steel of all kinds, annually imported into the United States, fur sixteen years. The amount embraces bar, bolt, rolled nnd hammered iron ; pig iron ; hoop and sheet iron ; brasier's rxls ; nail and spike ro's ; band, scroll, nr casement rods, slit or hammereJ J old err scrap iron ; and steel. We have also an nexed the value at the placo exported, anda vernjre price per ton, omitting cents : Yrart. Tortf. Vn'ue. Per Ion. 28-'29 30,314 $2,147,303 Still lS20-'3O, 40,661 2,310,904 SO 1H0-'31, 51,571 2,533,361 49 l&31-'33' 73,079 3,C07,3SO 49 lS33-'33, 80,280 3.361.8(17 41 1933-'31t 79,190 3,088,399 51 1S3i-35, 77,597 3,710,103 47 1S3.V36, 06,220 3,359,131 65 l5iG-'37, 102,866 6,363,183 62 I $37-33, 74,762 5,030,903 51 1539 '39, 115,037 6,668,395 57 1S39-'10, 72.7C9 4,341,096 59 19)0-41, 112,111 5,020,116 44 lll-'42, 197,392 4.331,000 40 1SI2-'13, 3S.403 1,6G5,C31 43 HIC-4I, 102.277 3,908.833 37 Total tons 1,261,074 63,937,520 THS AMERICAN. Saturday, Juni 7, 1845. 1 II. i'.llriEU, Etq., at hit Heal Ktm tate ami foot ttir.ee, 69 Vtne Street, I'M ladrlphta, it authorized to act at .tgent, and reeelit tor alt montet due this office, for tub terlpllon or advertising. .tho, at hit 1M1cJfo. 160 ."Wssom Vlreet, ,Mm ilork. ,9nd S. E. Comer of DMImort and Calvert ttt., ttattlmore. Ttmu niorlhiff. TI1F.RP. will he a town meeting, of the citi zens of Sunbuiy, in the Court House, on Saturday evening next, at 8 o'clock. All the cili'i'iisar enrnestly invited to attend, ns subjects of great importance to the Horoueh will be laid before the meeting. W. L. PF.WAUT, Sunbury, June 5th, IS 15. Chief Burgess. E'To Izapork" will appear in our next, hiv ing been crowded out this week. ;!"'. 11 J 'L.'T"t'" IUS '.'-'"".lJUl '! S) J'B .11 "The Amcrlc(in.""'ow it the time to Subscribe. The new Post Office Law, which goes iirto o. perution on the 1st of July ensuing, affords an op portunity to evpry person residing in the follow ing towns and district, in this and the adjoining counties, within the distance of thirty miles of this town, of recoiving "Tiis Americas" weekly through the mail, free from any expense of post' age. The expenses, accruing from the postage on papers, heretofore, opeiated very materially against the prosperity of thoe in the country. Many persons, on being asked to subscribe for a paper, and there is no person, who is acquaint ed with the inntimberable benefits reuniting from the reception of a good paper in a family, but would subscribe, have urged that the ad ditional expense of postage made the reading of papers come too high. This, however, never could be considered a very plausible reason, with intelligent persons, for r.ot taking a paper; but, as this expense will now be obviated, we trust that our friends will exert themselves in increasing our subscription list : All the Post Offices of Northumberland Coun ty, are within thirty miles. INION COt'NTY. The consumption of iron in thn United States is now estimated at about 400,000 tons annual ly ; and it will be Been by th.8 foregoing, taken from official documents, that about one lourth of this amount is imported from foreign coun tries, or about lOd.OUO tons. The present price of iron in England, owing to the large amount of railroad iron w anted in that country, will prevent importation to a very great extent, even it no duty was laid upon iron. Will the home demand be supplied by our own furnaces 1 We think so. It requires only twenty-five new furnaces of the capacity of Messrs. I'cr'er & Kurke's, jnst going into operation, in Harris burg, to supply the whole amount now exported. Pennsylvania alone will supply this amount and more, leaving to other States to supply the in creased demand consequent upon the increase of business and population. We ask the especial attention of our readers tn Iho statistics before quoted, as showing the fluctuating price of foreign iron, end the im portance of rendering the country independent of the caprice ol foreign iron master. In and '29 the average price of all kinds of iron imported is more than $60 per ton- Four years afterwards it was $11 per ton, beinjr a re duction of $25 per ton. In lS3fi-'a7, it aver nges $62 per ton in Europe. In 1843- 1 1, $37 per ton, being a reduction on lS30-'37, of per ton ; and in $1829-29, of 29 per ton. The establishment of furnaces fur the lull supply of this country, will nnt only render us independent dt Europe for this necessary oflife.but will pro duce more uniformity in price ; and home com petition will, as in the case of cotton manufac tures, reduce the price. It will not escape the reader that thii country has paid in the period of 10 years, ,;03,637,026 to Europe for iron, while we have hod the materials at home, to make any amount ourselves. No wonder the whole country became embarrassed. It is esti mated that there will soori bo wanted 250,000 tons of railroad iron to replace the worn and flat rails rith T rails, on the railroads now in ope ration in tii United blares ; nnd that more than 4,200 miles of unfinished railroads will re quire a large amount. As taut as the iron is wanted, such establishments as the Mount Sa vage Iron Works, in Maryland, the Brady Dend nnd tho Montour Kidgo Works, in Pennsylva nia, w ill be put in operation to supply the de mand. ITar. Argus. Coal and Iron m Kinticky. The Maysville Eagle speaks of the abundance of coal and iron in that State, and says the production of those two minerals is almost co-extensive with the State. Iron is found in great abundance wherever there is real, but it extends over a much larger space of country than coal. The ore lies in horizontal strata, or veins from four inches to five feet thick, end some banks are known to be from ten to fifteen feet in thickness. Iron works have been established in many of the counties. At one time there were no less than twenty-two blast Furnaces and eight Gorges in active operation. It is supposed that on twelve thousand square miles there may be an average depth of three feet of Iron ore, and in the coal formation each cubic yard will make a ton of Iron. Kentucky has, at this rate, a tuificieiit quantity of Iron ore o supply the United States with Irou for two lundred centuries. Ix7iitini Statement The American entjnel says : We cpy the following statement 'om an old manuscript, found Mnong the papers fa gentleman who recently died in this city, Philadelphia,) and who served in th revolution y war of the country : The following schedule shows the number of cops furnished by each colony or state during ir struggle for independence, vix : Cy The frost, by which we were visted last week, left its mark, doing some damage to the tender kinds of vegetation. We have not heard that it has affected the grain of our farmers. In Lancaster county, however, it has dune consider able damage to the grain. Lewishnrg, Millliubiirg, Chapman, Shaiiiokiu Dam, llartleton, I.Ol.tMKIA Danville, Cattawissa Forge, Lime Hidge, I.YCOMINC1 Muncy. New Berlin, Middtehurg, Beaver Dam, Mok'ee's half Falls, New Columbia. COUNTY. Cattawissa, Bloomid.nrg, Washingtonville. COVSTY. D3rTnic Enron's absence from his post, will be a sufficient apology for the deficiency in our editorial matter. The selections, however, will somewhat remunerate the reader for the lack and quality of the editorial. On our first and last pages we have placed some entertaining matter. The reader will find another of the celebrated "Cuitain Lectures," by Mrs. Caudle, so much relished by tome of the fair sex, and a list of some of the inventions of the Germans. It is a well known fact, that the Germans are the mos' ingenious people upon the globe. The invention of printing, itself, has sounded and ever will sound their fame to the world; for it is well known, that that celebrated German, Dr. Mattin Luther, could not have succeeded in his glorious plan ol Reformation, unaided by the press. The Ger mans have contributed more to the advancement of literature, than any other nation. KT'Cot.. Levi Taie, of the "Columbia F.nqui rer," has associated with him in the publication of that paper, Mr. B. S. Gilmore. CTliS last number of Wilmer h Smith's Times, received by the Groat Western, has a column of speculation on the probabilities ofa war w ith the United States on the Oregon ques tion. It says : "There never was a period in the history of England when it was better pre pared for war ; never did a question exist, not on its abstract merits, but because of its conco mitant swagger, on which less diversity of opi nion prevails, and with heart and soul would the GovF.ft.ioR or Orf.iion. The New Orleans He-1 publican says, Col. R. M. Johnson, of Kentucky, would have been appointed Governor of Oregon, if Brown's Bill had pnssed nt the last session of Congress. The Missouri Reporter regrets that it was not passed, and Col. Johnson sent over the mountains with fifteen or twenty thousand emi grants, properly armed and equipped. The He ro of the Thames is just the man to lead such an enterprise, and lay the foundation of a Republi can State on the Pacific, (RXCRAt. lfot'TOt has published a letter in the Galveston Civillian, in reply to an article in a New Orleans paper, charging him with having pledged himself to the British Minister to use his best endea'-ors to defeat annexation. General II. pronounces the statement utterly untrue, and without any foundation, and adds : "For a year past I have neither seen nor corresponded with Her Majesty's Minister, nor" am 1 at this time in formed as to the position ofour public affairs with nations of the earth." Jrvc.r. Story, of the U. S. Supreme Court is said to have retired from the Unitarian organi zation, of which he was Presiding officer. Tisst.M snit Intsrsstlna; Itim, By the Picayune of the 25th, we have later news from Texas. The U. S. Squadron, tinder Capt. Stockton, was at Gnlveston, On coming to anchor, a natisnnl salute was fired, which was answered by the Tex an sloop in ordinary. President Jones has issued a proclamation, call ing upon the people to elect "deputies"' to a con nexion, A letter from tVnsncola notices (lie condition of Mexico at the present time in tho following terms . "Mexico- is In a distracted stain, having no settled policy or men to govern the affairs of her Government. The Slates of Tub i sen and Pue bio have already declared in fa tor of the f ed er st constitution and a general meeting had been vention of the various counties, to beheld on the held jn Vers Cruz by the citizens a few days belorc the Simeis nailed for tho same purpose- hut active measures were suspended in coinpli- snce with the request of the Governor, who is) very popular amonir all parties, Several ar rents of inilitnry officers had bcerl mnde in dif ferent fnrtsof the Republic, charged with tew lutinnnry designs, sud in one instance a quanti' ty of arms wrre taken from them. The present ' (iiivernment, it is :honght, cannot sustain itself much longer, and the idea of declaring war a gainst the United States is not entertained by any reflecting mm who is acquainted with tho ac'ual condition of that country. The present sriny of Mexico is said to con sist ol 21,000 officers nnd te-s then 20,000 sol iliers. Suntn Anna was still confined in t'ns Castle of I'erote, b'lt no doubt would s.viti bn liberated, if not ulrendy tree to depart at plea- Ith of July next, to consider the proposition of annexation to the United States, and to adopt, if they think expedient, provisionally a constitu tion, to be submitted to the people for their rati fication, with a view to admission into the U niou. The President Ves this because the Constitu tion of that Republic docs not provide for chang ing the organic law, and because he believes it competent for the people alone to determine so momentous a matter. From this it would app?r that President Jones has been forced, by public opinion, into an acquiescence with the popular will. It remains now only for the people of Tex as, through their representatives, to say whether they will come into the Union or not. If lute demonstrations, and the reluctant action of the Tns Sf.crsiart or War bus left Washington , President, be considered indications of the force to attend the annual examination of the Cadets J anil tendency of popular sentiment, they will set at the Military Academv, West Point. During i tie this ouestion affirmatively in a month's time. his abcnce, the duties of the office will be dis- j If the intrigues ot foreigners, and the desicning t instated in power is generslly entertained, and The impression that ho will strsin he re charged by the Secretary of the Navy, as Acting Secictary of War. MivtsTF.ti to Ri ssia. We have heard it stated upon pretty good authority, says the Louisville Courier, that Col. Wm. (). Butler will receive the appointment of Minister to Russia, some time in July next, at which time the four years of Colonel Todd expire. The Grand Jury at Point Coupee, La., have found a tine bill against O'Blennis, who murder- I Frank Combs, son of Gen. Lelslie Combs. j schemes of politicians influenced by them, are many " will use p.sce nelore the exm- successful in turning the tide of populnr feeling. tion of six months. When the English merchant annexation is doubtful, and Texas will remain I at Vera Cruz, heard ol Senor Canedn'sileparture, j the insignificant state she would be if left es a they chnrtered a schooner lor New Oilenns, i field for foreigners to play their pranks in, ; which suited the 10th inst; the follow in; evening j through opposition, hostility end envy of the y nnors enrm-np, arid pissed ubmt 8 o'clock, growing power and importance of the United ve.'.scl very much like her in sppe.irence, stand- States. Ue anticipate, however, no such reiiilt j , ., ci,r. Mr. Shmniin, latu ! as last alluiled to. 1 he unwilling consent ol , ! Ficsideut Jnes to refer this matter to thfl people ; is a strong indication how popular sentiment still ! runs, nnd that the Proposition from the I. niteil Mates government will receive a favorable con- ' siderution. Amcncin Minister, had engaged his pissa;e in an American vessel, and would, sail about tin loth inst , for New jrk. It does not appear that he possosed spy knowledge of tho poli'ie.ii! alln.r in the Cipital of Mexico, and he is not con' Tns Marqi-h Dh La Tai.arne came passen- ; suleration. , , (i,her jlf, t t(i;n i,,c,re A. ger in the Great Western. It is said he is on a j At a public meeting in Matagorda county, re- j llleritan cit,Zl.( wIOsu nauiei-. never alluded tir visit to this continent ill an official capacity, ei- ; cent!)" held, the Representative and Senator in , cnt.ccfp(l wi,. ,hc jmnortsnt trans- itemier retort be entered upon and pursued." her ' Minister to this country, M-xieoor Tex- I Conuress were appointed to meet the delegates j u(., ln (f(t)e (!av jjl(, Yallo v Fever begins to i-iiow itself in Vera Cruz; which, I belive, is ul ways thecuse st this scasim of the year. The "Times" should also know that there never j a"' or ' 'hreeal same time. Jt is sup ;.. i... i,;.t. r .v. i-;t.l itt. I posed that he comes from France to watch th when the great body of the American people were more willing to enter upon, "with heart and soul," the 'Irrnirr resort if necessaiy, ttian at the present time. With the veteran Ritchie, we believe all that the United States have to do, is, to "sound her clarion and display her Aug," to receive an ample number of patriots to defend her rights. movements in Texas, Mexico States, relative to annexation. itnd the United CT7"DirERST Views, from nit samf Side. There appears to be a diversity of opinion, with Queen Victoria's subjects, on their ability to sus tain themselves if there should be any dilficul ties between the United States and Great Bri tain, growing out of the Oregon question, and our abilities to defend our rights, should they be disregarded. The Dublin Freeman's Journal, j fiom which we copy the following article, in its I course, is quite the reverse from that of Wilmer j & Smith's Times. While the "Times," places lint a low estimate upon our strength and com petency to protect our rights, and in i's articles is very belligeraiit, the "Journal" is calm and conciliatory : "The English and Anglo Irish Journals are lelicitatintr tlivr render upon the pacific cha racter of the intelligence nctived by the Cab' iluiiia. Wc have jouiiuili', unit tlie tone of the articles they eunta n, in our opinion, show that those fclicilntions are prematine. 't here is hot one lino of swagger nr br.iggmloria in these ex tracts ; but tin re m not a suiln p'irase which ran bear the interpretation of he.-itntion, much less of shrinkit.g. I', iseviilenl from tlu in that in America they liHve counted the cost ot war They estimate their own rexmrces jutly. hut they do not overrate them. They say ihnl Eii! land can brine ngninst America greater naval and military iirmamenW than America ran inns from the other counties at the seat of Government on the third Monday in May, in order to adopt such plans as they may deem most proper to ob tain the actisu of the people throughout the Re public on the ouestion of Annexation. They ex- What ins mecomk ok Him ? Some of the tli.-ir astonishment and indication lit the nt I ! I.. : . appointment of Minister Smith to F.ngland and France, and say that with the delay in calling! Conuress together, it is well calculated to excite 1 distrust in ttie action of President Jones. They course with him. The Picayune says, many f ! resolved that "delay was useless, as thv wish to j Aew ( irlenns .loin nan ure anxiously inouiiiu j what has become of Mr. Shannon, our Mexican Minister, and where he keeps himself since the Mexican Government refused to have any inter KStf.amboat Extlomon. The Steamboat "Paul Jones," one of the tow-boats from Havre de Grace to Baltimore, while on a trip, with ten or twelve canal boats in tow, burst her boilers, in the neighborhood of Nsith Pwint, severely scalding the crew. C3"Tiik Foi'rth of Jci.v. The coming an niversary ofour National Independence will be celebrated with more than usual interest. While we are celebrating the day upon which our free dom was declared, and are rejoicing in the birth day of our country, of its prosperity at the pre sent time, under our Republican Institutions, and bringing to its alter the offering of thauktul hearts, the people of Texas will be engaged, in accordance with the late Proclamation of Presi dent Jones, requiring delegates from each county in Texas to assemble in convention on that day, in considering the very important question whe ther they shall add their "l.ovt star" to, anil become one ofour brilliant confederacy. In the final adjustment, of this long vexed question, upon such a glorious day as the 4th of July, and we Lave not the least doubt in our minds that it will be accomplished on that day ; for, if I ter. They admit that Erghind may bum their the nress sneaks public opinion, it has been heard seabonul towns, and immensely numage ami - r a IM O H'V I 'I '1 1, his friends, and some who are not in that catego ry, are anxious to see him out of that country. Gcns Moi stkp. The Providence Journal says orders were received at Newport to mount the guns at Fort Adams, and the men were busily engaged in the work last Sunday. Tnit Finsr Statf 1'i.rr-TtON in Floiida was held on the Ulith lilt. Returns from St A iins tineshow that the Democratic ticket for Gover nor, Representative, State Senator and County Representatives has succeeded Ly about thirty majority. see no overtures from any government save that of the United States." Movements of Tim Mexicans. By the last j accounts from Texa, intelligence has been re- j ceived that the Mexicans were crossing the Rio Grande del Norte under General Arista, and ta king possession of an immense and valuable por tion ot'tlie territory on the Fast side of that river. The Washington Union, alluding to the fact, says :-- "Is it possible that Mexico can be so infatu- Santa Fi: Affaius. A letter tin? been re ewived by the editor of the St Louis Hi vielle, stating that the (iiveruor of Smtii Fe, s ob noxious on account of his enactions, has been recalled, an I Mariano Cti.ives appointed in his placo. Id in Junn Andreas Archuleta, by the same express, received the appointment nf Coin mandiiut (icm ial. The let;er ifooson tost.ite: "The (1 ivernor is about sending oil' an express tu the Supreme Ct .verisment, announcing that it will be impossible for him to leave until tliur d'bts which he him contracted, on account oftiitj Department, had become personally responsible for, 6hall have been paid. It is said al.sii that the Junta de Department are determined It hick him, and will send f irw.ird a petition tu Mex coasliing for hiscontimmnce in ofli e. Too authorities entered the stores of Juan Josp IV- . r .l. n.i r,-:.l-t 1 "'siroy m pnii riv III lour. l muiiurr, u.iu . ... . . . ,,,,., . , citizen. A tritrts-M Jones to yield to its force,-it will give addition-I , j. ,ip ' , f(,r h in , at zest to the rejoicing of the American people i f:,Cri,.s i Will she condemn them to idle on its reception into the Union With fond re- tiers, her factory population tn slarvulion, and membrance will we recall to our minds the!''" inanulactnrers to bankruptcy and the ( , .. ... . ,, ii i, ' ' telle f Unehind may war with America, but day upon which the "lone star" w.s added to our , i(m ,u,r ,.,,, , already brilliant Constellation. 1 he tact will I A(l),.ncan uriVateers, which, in such a loiijm.c be remembered in our rejoicing, and an addition- mrp, would swarm in every sea ! TliPse are al gun to the national salute will welcome it in to the Union. ' C7" Dkstbi ction of Piiopcsir rv Fir.t! Almost every mail brings us news of some dread ful calamity by fire. Another fiie occurred at Pittsburg, on Tuesday night, the 27lh ult., de stroying houses to the number of seventy or eighty. The actual loss, it is said, will not much exceed fifteen thousand dollars, a very the odvoiitHjres on which, in case of war with Knlmiil, tin: United States relies, and they are strong, powerful and pecul'iir. Aunin, r.nolaiid's power is scattered her terr tnry nui.-t be everywhere di fended, for it is everywhere vulnerable. American territory is cotieenlrati'd and American citizens are prepared ludi t'cnd it tn the death. This is an element wh. cli , in case of Iki-I; lilies between the two people, it would be impofsibln to over esti'iinte. 'I'h" result ot such a war would, if rca ami Jtisn Christoval Armiju and lookout . . ..... i i ii ated ss tt believe that their mere occuincy ofa L'O'kIs to the nmouiit ol me loan, ami p-im on territory, to which tbev have no legitimate pre- the soldiers w ith them." A Spec ti.stton. It is s.ii.l that certain rail- ' tension, can give th- in a shadow of claim to any way contractors in this country, who had recei- j por,ion ol" country in which their troops iimy ved large supplies of iron from F.ngland, hearing j happen to be quartered at the moment of annex ofthe rise in that article there, actually re.hip- i atioB ' U'hen ,hat m,"'e complete.! throu;;. ped theirstocks, sent them thither, and sold them Ith action of her Congress, and the consent of at a profit i 'ne P'p'e themselves is expressed through their ------- convention, then will we be prepared to solve OiofraI. Jackron The U. S Journal learns ' the question whether we will permit these inva by a pentleman direct from the Hermitojr,., that ' ders to molest the soil of Texas. A cnrrespoiv i....i,i, ..f i: i,!,., i. ..i ti;..i..i.. :.....,. '. dent at New York may dismiss all his fears ill (-iiriii 9 iui. nniiii ikih niiL'irii lit uru- . veil. lie rode out the day before the informant let . ... . -. , will be on the borders of lexas to preserve our the legislature ol the I mteu. Mates. 1 tie revo- Eari.y IUnvisTiNO. A e-cntlemsn who i j just rights, and to protect her from invasion. But 1 lution in 1'pper California is said to have been it is highly probable, if Gen. Arista does not re- . commenced without the loss of a single life. tile within his own shell, the Texan volunteers , The people informed the Governor that his ex- i will be sufficient to clear and protect their bonn- t actions were cruel, oppressive, and contrary to laiy." ! those principles ot enlightened government ' i which prevailed aiuniig the most intelligent am! I A Ci mors Si'Krri.ATios. On the day of the prosperous nations. They asked a withdrawal The day police of l'!iilad. lphia wear a silver j Rr(,.it fatfe b,.tweM, Kagbion ,nj pfytona, over ' of certain proclamations and laws issued by or badge sta.iipi.il w:lh the. city arms on their , ,S(f CamiI,. coll0, an i,lrH.ne number of car- der of the M -xican Government. They had no breast by which they are easily recoguizd. I riai:,.f frosed the river at Gloucester Point. As ' part in the enactment .f those laws, and could I the hour fixed for the race approached, and the not acknowledge the ris:r.t of any body of men A tiJe water canal boat loaded with iron, sunk number of carriages in wailing extended in sin- : to impose laws upon them without their know- nt Philadelphia on Flii.'ay morning. ule file to some fifty or sixty, each waiting its The traders from Santa Fe ins'ead ofgoin to the Hasten) cities now make their purchasnsj at St. Iinis. In thirteen days after their arri val their goods are ready to be sent oft' to San ta IV. t ' CaI.uorn'U. The revolution is progressing I in Upper California, and the Mexican auOiori ! tics have been driven from that poition of thir dent at New York may dismiss all his fears, j Republie. The Revolutionists were nlniut or- Our government is prepared for any issue. Our J ganizing a republican government, with a Presi- r.n,i,lrnn ia rt(T tli innnl Thrpe fliniisanil Irnnns ' t &ml ritrK.i.t.f ivn lrti.il..ftir mnilMlnil after A pentlemsn, who is Rn extensive planter, residing a few milea from j rjenton, N. (., commenced cutting his wheat ; on Thursday, tlm 2"Jd of May, beinir some three weeks earlier than the usual time of harvesting A inqgnificenl hotel, larger thin the Astor, is to Uj erected in Ikistou on Bloom field street. Continental. Militia. Total, j ;w Hampshire 13,490 5,003 14, 3M i .nachiuetts ' 63,007 13,133 63,162 ode bland ,H'S 4.2M lO.lOvf nnecticut 33,02s! 7,703 39,621 wYorlt 18,331 3,304 31.633 w Jersey J0,-30 6,053 10,781 maylvania 3-1.321 7,337 32,670 Uwaie 3.317 376 5,003 ryland 1 1,012 4,127 18,039 ;:nia iB.Ci.S 3,G2u 32.28 Carolina 7,363 7,$U3 arolina 5,417 6,417 rgi 2,070 2,670 330,073 56,13 V8;23 small sum when the number of houses destroyed f,r (' ,.r I.!lin,p e.oYu-N (ii. commeice. j are taken into consideration. The Pittsbnrg ' t would seriously, fearfully aff.-ot the projjres- Chronicle says that this fire will not in the least . a.ve prosperity of the States, tml her power n affect the interests of the city, and under other lihtinn it cciild not per.nnt.enily retard. Na- circumstances would be considered a "small af- i ;- lrfI ''"' "'l'' '" ", ... i rendered that iinpossib'o. U,s ul is on that fair." There appears lobe a systematic scheme unA ml w pr(,BL 1u, fril, on foot to give that city the late ol bodom am! ,lPe J.fllnulties, whieh F.nuland rh uld in case Gomorrah. ' nf war encounter. America does not iwse by the: consideration of th "two nntions," the rich ASOTHIS." lilt HIT - -' "--. .. .. ... , ., . . it.rt ....it,, hiirn ..ii mi ! . ..... ... visited by an awful conrlagrat,.,,,, which re- ! " ' . " ' . w , ' I '"! '"'onnation a. to the charao suited in the destruction of three large s.piare. of fr;, w(,f thon, W()ulJ , ncUe ; tcr ofthe Uuo, and the frequency of the tr.ps he hostility. The first pun fired against America nouia esiaunsn oeiween .-ew xornanu t-iver Govi:iiifxt Mm. Stfamkrs. Hie Presi dent and his Cabinet have had up for considera tion tho scheme fur transporting the mails be tween the United States and foreign countries. It is slated that Colonel Sloo is the most promi nent competitor tor the contract fur the steam vessels to run between New York am! the ports of New Oi leans, O'alveston, Vera Cruz, Havana, Kt., and he has raised a capital of a million and a half of dollars for the undertaking. The Wash ington Union says the Postmaster General is a- i turn, the occupants became so exceedingly im ' patient that preferences were anxiously sought j for. The captain was coaxed, scolded and I threatened but all to no use, he could be neither seduced nor driven from the just rule of "first come first served," without regard to appear ances. In the mi. 1st ol inn anxiety, a Jersey collier thought to turn the position which his ledge or consent. The (lovernor treated the people with contempt, and threatened instant death if they persisted ill their den. ami. Alarm ed for their personal safety, the settlers resolved to risk their lives at once in a struggle for inde pendence. The government herds, cattle, horses Kc, were driven from around the Governor's dwelling or fort ; scouting parties were station ed ut a ditaure of some miles to cot offall sup plies, and after a lapse ofa f.w weeks messeu- cnat box held in the line to profit, and for five I dollars changed places with a party of anxious ' gers were despatched to the fort to ascertain the gentlem-n in his rear. As he approached the disposition of Governor Micholtorena and his ar w harf a second time, he again yielded his place my. The armed settlers number two to cne of to some new comers, and so for the third time, the army. Resistance Was useless ami the (Jo pocketing by each change of position fivs dol- vernor withdrew with bis foices, leaving the lars a proof that nothing is mj unwieldly or so country in possession ofthe settlers, who hail ogly, that with human ingenuity it may not be proclaimed it independent, a the '-Republic of tuiueJ to profitable account I'kil Letter. 'California." buildings, together w ith foi'y or f.lty line horses This fire has left a large number or poor ami hard working people houseless. Anctuis Oa Saturday wight a week a de structive fire broke out at Savannah, Georgia, destroying property to the amount of 520,000, half of which, it is thought, was covered by in surance. Suli Anothfr Afire occured in the city of Quebec, Wednesday a week, far exceeding nd more disastrous in its consequences than all the rest mentioned The flames of the element spread so rapidly, that a large portion of the city was entirely consumed. A letter from that city states that thousands of souls are without house or home, kavirj lo almost everything might raise the people against the oligarchy in F.nplsnd. Throughout Europe it would caii" a war of democracy against aristocracy, which, in the word of the Washington Globe, 'rnipht add whole nutiona to republicanism in a single day.' While America reckons such chances in her fsvor while such elements. een on England's own territory, war for the States, she could not dread the day nf battle, and she doe not. It may well affright, not only England, but many other European nations. Hence the lnn"nee in which the American journals in- duljre." TosTaof. The distance from Pittsburg to Philadelphia is 310 miles just enough to make the postage ten instead of five cents. Boston is ii; the same category pool, as to the probabilities of success with re gard to the lines from New York to Havre, and New York to Biemen, whether the line to Hava na shonld run from N. York or from Charleston, and what kind and size of vessel is best suited for the navigation between New Orleans, Ga' veston and Vera Crux. When fully advised, his advertisement for proposals will be issued. This is an important movement, especially as the Government has no fast sailing steamship upon w hich it can depend lor the transmission of news in any emergency, such as the present condition of affairs with Mexico. It is contem plated to nuke this portion of the commercial murine a part of our jmititary defence. Letter. Tin Mili.f.sites who where recently commit IUviaw, -Th. editor of th. frae Sun f , t0 the w0rkhouiettt PortlinJi hav.had.new New ork, is .ug.ged in reviewing t.pt. ,lk reveUion ince C0IlClieinet. U been M. Narrative of th. exploring F.xpedit.on, and point- o o ing out what it calls discrepencies aixt blunders. I . . , . . . ov.,eer th.v ...,. r. form in that respect if they were let out, and advise A Dead Bli s Bird was found last week, cling ing with its ftet to one of th. wires of Morse's Electro magnetic Telegragh, a few miles from Washington City. The body of the bird wasexa- ' on their last voyages, over tl08;000 mined, and i.o shot wound, or wound of any kind, j was discovered sufficient to produce death, which has led to the belief that the poor thing was killed while perched upon the wire, some tune dung the operation ofthe telegraph, by a shock of electricity their friends to do so. They were discharged. Tiiris Wiiai ess at Nantucket have cleared A Nkw Statk Ccnsvs will be taken in New York in July, the object of which ia not only to obtain information as to the number of inhabi tants, but information as tn tlie business of th people.