Newspaper Page Text
From the New York Papers.
Another CJrent Fire. Jmmrnte ihntriwtinn of Ptapcrly-Apprc-TitnJcii on of Life TVrt ihle explosion Another "vast burnt district" 'Troup or efereJ out for the. protrclion of Property The Katterj again converted into a ll'are house. New York has fallen again, we regret to say, Into the lineef great eonflagratiisns. Within a lew year the catalogue of terrifte burnings on out side rtii Atlantic hat included New York, 1'hiladelphia, Mobile, Wilmington, Pittsburg and Quebec and iiow the naanef New York i ad ded to the list for Ve aeeaod time. A fire broke out "between three and four o'clock this (Saturday) morning, in New atreet a nar row passage between Ttroad atreet and Broadway extending from Wall atreet to Beaver and spreading with fearful rapidity among the dense ly built ediCcca of that neighborhood, ha already swept through to Broadway on the Went and South, across Broad atreet nearly to William on (he East, and is still burning with srarcely a percept iWe check. An immense amount of pro pcrty "h been destroyed, and, more to be de plore, a lamentable '.oss of life has added to the terrors of the occasion. The sidewalk in Broadway, above Trinity Church, on the West side, is filled with furniture, pianos, looking-glasses, mahngony bedsteads, rich tables, ai.J other articles of household lemshing , and hundreds of men are still busily employed in removing goods from the ware houses and dwellings within reach of the fire. We hare two or three reporters on the spot, ga thering materials for a full account, and in the mean time we give such information as we Lave been able to collect. At about four o'clock, Crocker k Warren's store, In New street, in which was stored a very large quantity of saltpetre, blew up with one of the most tremendous explosions ever heard or felt wi ;he city. That building itself was, of course, sttered in frsgnieiits in an instant, and those near it were little better off. The explo smmj created one of the most frightful spectacles it was ever oar misfortune to witness, and the noist-and uproar could only be equalled by the explosion of a magazine. The first explosion was comparitively mode rate, filled the room of the writer of this para graph w ith a light more intense than at noon day, and, upon looking ot upon Broadway, a scene in 't our gate, that can never be forgotten. Hard ly had he reached the window when the second and grand explosion took place. The buildings uh (ar as the eye could reach, appeared one mass of flames, while the buildings on the West side of Broadway, from the Mansion House to the Astur, were so brilliant that the eye could scarce rest upon them. The spire of the Trinity Church t mked (ike a pillar of fire, and the moon, which a moment before we saw jut above the roof, piled under this vivid tight, and was invisible. The sky, over the region of the fire, and along tie rauge of Nassau street, was filled with a mass of flame from the burning gas, alchohol and cam. phine, let loose at the explosion. High in the air as the eye could range appear ed an iiiininife quantity of fire, that had the ap pearance of serpents darting spirally upwards, like the small rockets of a fire work. These tongues of llarne, too, shot out in all directions from the centre, making together the whole look like a mountain of fire, which created in the air a noise like that caused by a flash of electricity in a thunder storm. The panic caused by such an explosion, who can describe ? The street, from the Waverly House to our office, on Broad way, presented a thick multitude o men, run ningasiffor their lives, shrieking as though they were in the agonies of death. Those who could keep their feet were fortunate, indeed, for the masses behind, in their terror, over-ran ma ny who fell, regardless of anything but their own safety. Through the other streets a like scene was ex hibited, but as the others were narrow the eon fusion was greater. The firemen and spectators left those parts only to receive in another place the shower ol bricks and other missiles forced off by the explosion. So awful was the shock that the thick plate lass in nearly all the buildings in Wall street was broken in fragment and strewed over the pavement, in many instances the substantial window sashes themselves being broken in. The cries of frightened people, the f ill of missiles on the roofs of buildings, the crash of glass Uon the pavements, added to the tumbling ol buildings from the force of the ex plosion, and the vivid glare of the flames, assail ed the numerous multitudes now out to see the fire and gave the impression that a great convul sion of nature had taken place. The windows of the City Hotel and buildings near us were in a moment filled with the tenantry of the houses, who, until the great explosion, had remained qui et in bed, thinking the fire an ordinary matter, but not until now thoroughly roused by this aw ful shock. The concussion in the Courier oflice was so severe that the substantial atone walls of the building shook to their foundations, and the peo ple there thought for one moment that they were tumbling to their base. The workmen in the composing room in the fifth story found the stone en which (he loriu was making up, rise several inches from its testing place ; the gas all went out instantly, and during the darkness that fol lowed, the scene Was, to say the least of it, an exciting one. TI.e workmen employed in the Press and Engine rooms iu the basement story fully believing that the entire building was about to fall uKn them iu a mass, flew with rapid steps, into the ktitH-t. The same ocrunencrs took place with the workmen in our oflice. In a moment they were iu darkuess, and astounded by the shock they flew as if an earthquake were tumbling the wulls upon their heaJs. All soon recovered, however, and went to w-oi k to give our readers, in a second edition, tne details of the progress ofthe fre A tumor prevails that there was a quantity 1 of gunpowder in this building, received in barter for saltpetre. Of the truth of this we cannot at present obtain any satisfactory evidence, though it is very certain that saltpetre in its common state, and having undergone no preparation will not rrWe, though it is highly combustible. There were about one thousand bags of it in the building. Five or six stores on each side were thrown down by the shock. F.ngine No. 22, was buried under the ruins, and if all the men escaped with their lives it was almost miracu lous A report is current to the contrary, but an eye witness expresses his belief that they all es caped, the police having kept the ground so clear that they had ample room to play their engine and to run at the first sound of the explosion. While speaking of the police we should here say that their conduct at every part of the conflagra tion was excellent and above praise. We never saw in New York better arrangements. The Journal of Commerce gives what appears to be the true cause of the explosion. It says, "the explosion which set this most disastrous conflagration in motion, we have no doubt was from the reservoir gasometer of the Manhattan Company, situated in New street, caused by the heat of the neighboring fire. There was nothing else which could have made it, and that could. In consequence of this, the gas lights of our of fice went out instantly upon the explosion." Onr o'clock. The fire has subdued and has not spread any farther than already described, though the destruction within that limit is more com plete. At 14 o'clock the dwelling-house, No. 23, at the corner of Broadway and Morris street, fell with a tremendons crash, striking with great force against the opposite building and breaking in the w indows, fcc. No one hurt. The flames were distinctly seen at Newark, and the report was heard there. It was suppo. sel that the authorities were blowing up houses to arrest the progress of the (ire. Our city readers will be generally aware that the burnt district is the most impnitant and valu able part ol the city, being composed of Urge and costly buildings, filled with expensive mer chandise. The French and Geiman merchants congregated chiefly in that district. Atfor fiute. The conduct of .Messrs. Cole man K Stetson, of this hnusej is worthy of the highest commendation. A bystander infromt us that he met Mr. Coleman, followed by his ser vants carrying bread and meat and coffee, in vast quantities, wjWh he was actively distributing a- monf the almost exhausted firemen at the hot test of the fire. At the same time, Mr. Stetson opened the saloon of this great house to others, and gave a welcome breakfast to four or five hun dred. What could be better timed ? What could be more grateful to wearied men ? Occurring thus iu broad day-light, the fire pre sented many scenes and incidents such as are not generally attended upon like occasions, or at least do not fall within the observation of specta tors. We have mentioned the curious exhibi tion of household wares along in front of the Trin ity Church yard tables, mirrors, pianos, bed steads and bedding, costly lamps and well-worn tin candlesticks, cradles and pic tures, bird-cages with the birds in them, crockery, fenders, chairs, footstools, knives and forks iu a word all man ner of articles employed in splendid or lowly housekeeping, heaped, pell-mell, together with the utmost disregard for propriety or effect in grouping. Incident. The police of the city is put in ac tive requisition and a cordon is placed at the head ofthe streets leading to the fire. It is curious to see how frantic and inconsider ate people are. We saw several persons throw valuable furniture out of a five-story house, and the instant it touched the ground, it was da.hvd into a thousand atoms. The glass, w hich was nearly a quarter of an inch thick, in the building known as the former Bank of the United States, was broken by the explosion. The stench of the city was so great, caused by the burning of spirits, oil, and every combustible matter, that it was otiVusive to those ap proaching the city for many miles before they reached the dock. The city from the bay presented a vastly sub lime sight. Spectators beheld it in silence. It suemeJ ns if all the city w as in flames. Tit sheet of firt and smoke ascended to the clouds. At the time the explosion took place, a fire man belonging to F.ngine Co, No. 22, standing on the roof of a house next to he explosion, was blown as we are assured by the Foreman of the Company, two squares before touching the ground. He escaped w ith a sprained ankle. A melancholy and truly distressing scene took place at No. 10 Green wich street. M. Henry, sou of John Carey, died of consumption while the fire was raging, and while the flames were spreading to such an eitent that it was sjpncd that the house in w hich he was might be consu- I med. Death, however, came, and his body, wrap ped in his bed clothes, was immediately removed to place of safety. It is estimated that the oia of merchandise w $'2,000,000, we think it will prow much great er. We heard of two firms who loot t :)00.000 each, very many lose $100,000, We think the loss in building and merchandise will be not leas than $rfj,0OO,OOO. The fire could not possibly have occurred at more unfortunate period. We understand from Merchants in Exchange Place, Heaver and Oroad street, that great many warehouses had upwards of $3o0.000 worth of goods atored within them. This ia an unusually large mount lor this season ; but il is a fact, that all the drygouds houses were overt-locked with merchandise. Many establishments Uad no in surance, and ire, therefore, entirely ruined. There is something appalling and startling in J this sudden tleii ruction of property. ",M""""3Se5Wi THE AMERICAN. Saturday, July 20, 1 845. i n. r.itnnii, ;?., mt m iient t$ late and foal OfKcr, corner of 3d -d Chrtnut Street; Philadelphia, U authorized to act at .iftnt, ai d receipt for all moniet due thin office, for eubscriptttm ar advrrtMng, .lima at hi Office. Vm. 160 .VHiiau tfreet, .Mar r. Jlnd ft. K. Comer af lialtlmor mud Calvert tie., Baltimore. CTThe Hem. We do not recollect ever having experienced so long a continuance of hot weather. And what is singular, the warmest j days during the warm season have been Mondays ; About th middle of May we had one extremely j warm Monday. On Monday, the 0th of June, ; the thermometer, at Philadelphia, stood at 101, ' and Monday week last, the thermometer, in this j place rose to US. On Monday last, though the thermometer only rose to 00, we thought the heat more oppressive than any day this season. CTiie Cnors. The Harvest is nearly past and the crops, generally, with the exception of the hay crop, have been excellent. In some places the yield is not so abundant as might have been expected, but we think there never was better grain produced than the wheat of the pre sent season. Statistics in rrlntion 1o n fonliniions Rail Ruad from Minhory to Pailadrlphia. In a former number we stated the addition al tonnage that would be carried over the Reading Rail Road, by the completion ofthe Shamokin, Mahonoy & Schuylkill Rail Road, might be fairly estimated at 000,000 ton per annum, the gro-s receipts of w hich, at the lowest rates, would a mount to 1120.000, leaving the nett receipts not less than 'J 10.000. These estimutes are not based on visionary or imaginary views, but are j derived from actual results, and are deemed, by 1 those who have some know ledgenl these matters, rather lower than what they should have been. To this we have not added the travel that would naturally seek this road as the cheapest and most speedy route for travellers from Northern Penn sylvania, and, in fact, from the State of New- York and the Lakes. The travel from the Sus quehanna to Philadelphia, by way of Pottsville, is already of considerable importance, and if the contemplated Road from Shamokin was finish ed , travellers would be carried through from Sunbury to Philadelphia in ten hours. If we estimate the niimbrr of passengers at fifty per day, earh way, we have .10,000 per annum, which, at SI SO for each passenger, would a mount to $ I ', (100 per annum, v. hirh, after de ducting fifty percent, for expenses, would leave VlO.OOO, or .1 per cent on ?i;otl.OOO. the estima ted cokt for the completion of the Road. To this we must add the immense coal trade of the road. There is. probabl) , no Rail Road in the world that traverse, . greater or more extensive coal .i .i.-. i -t .. l- l region iimn ini, nearly every nine oi wnirn will be located through the coal ieeion, where, i v,Mru ,n """ '"nrn ol ",""r"'- ' "' ""' fa in many places, there is a breast of coal .'.00 feet , '"''""'I parent, to educate their sons for other auove wa.ericvei, wi.nvc.n.a. ..-., u.ree turn. more numerous and extensive than those in the Pottsville legion. The coal fiom Shamokin, on . , . . .,i . the western end of the route, would be carried ... . ,, , about 20 miles to the Susquehanna. (The road from Shamokin te Sunbury, on the Susquehanna, beine already in operation.) The coal on the eastern end would be carried from 1.1 to 25 miles to Pott.vile, w here i, would take the ji,,,,; Road toma.ket The amount feal earri.d these two sections nf the road would not be less than 200.000 tons, in two years after its com pletion, and would, we believe, in a few years, more than double itself. Allowing. then, but 2.' cts per Ion as Ihe nett profits, we have a clear in come, from coal alone, of S.'.0, 000 per annum. We have shewn, in a former number, that the Iron, lumber, grain and bituminous coal from the Susquehanna and its tributaries, that would pa, over this new road, would not be less than 140.000 tons, which, with 00.000 tons for the 1 return trade, iu the shape of merchandize, would amount to 200,000 Ions ; and, taking the net! receipts for this tonnsge, st half the amount charged lor the same amount of trade over the Reading Road, the result would be a clear in come of $120,000. We shall, therefore, rera-j pilulate what may be deemed a fair estimate of the probable nett receipts from the trade of the proposed new road, viz : j From iron, lumber, grain, bitumi- coal.AiC, $120.00o From anthracite coal, 50,000 ! Fiom passengers, 30,000 ! tioo.ouo j Here, then, we have $200,(00 as the nelt re ceipts of a road, which, it is said, can be con structed for $000,000, but if we estimate the cost of the entire road at $1,000,000, we still i.ave a sum sufficient to declare a dividend of 20 per cent, on its actual cost. The whole or nearly the whole of thia immense trade, would pass o ver the entire road from Pottsville to Philadel phia, of which the proposed new road is but mere extension. It would be greatly to the in terest of ihe Reading Rail Road to make the con nection, even if it should never pay one cent, as that road, by the great increase of trade, would double iu value iu less than one year after the completion of the new route. The Schuylkill canal, when enlarged, might also expect a share in the benefits of this trade D7The Supreme Court commenced its ses- sion at this place, on Monday week last. The Judges are all present. Judge Burnsides makes his first appearance her, the present session. We also observed Robert M. Barr, F.sq., of Reading, busily engaged in "takin notes." Mr. Borf has been appointed, by the Governor, the Reporter of the decisions of the Supreme Court, under an act of the Legislature, passed last ses sion. Mr. Barr is a lawyer, of course, and was formerly a member from "Old Berks," which county he represented with great ability. He devotes his whole attention to the subject, and will, no doubt, give general satisfaction to the profession, as a Reporter. The labors of the Supreme Court have greatly increased within me last 12 or 13 years. The Judges on the Bench toil incessantly at their labors, and, with the exception of about three weeks in the year, are constantly engaged in the discharge of their duties. Their's. is, indeed, no sinecure office. We know no men who labor so hard and so inces santly, as these self same and much abused Judges. We certainly do not envy their station. and had we the abilities of Chief Justice Marshall 1 we should be loth to accept a seat on the Bench j with them, unless compelled to do so from dire ' necessity. j CAjsoTIIF.B CoorLAi.KATloX IN NlW YciRK. ! -The present seems to be a remarkable season for great fires. In another column our readers will find an account of a tremendous fire in New j York. The number of buiMing destroyed is ' 268. The total loss is estimated at five millions of dollars. The number of buildings, compared with the heavy loss, is comparatively small. The fire occurred in the most wealthy and btisi- ness part of the city. Some of the ware houses consumed, contained merchandise to the value of ; J300.000. G7 A not hk it McnnvR. On Saturday night ' last, John Stewart, of Nippenose bottom, near ' Jersey Shore, was killed in an affray, by John I Hunt, nf Lock Haven. Hunt is a brother-in-law of Stewart. All that is known is from Hunt's own confession, who says that Stewart and him self quarrelled as they weregoine out to the field for Hunt's horse, about 1 1 o'clock at night. That in the affray he drew a dirk knife and stsbbed Stewart. The knife entered the left breast, cut ting off a rib and penetrating the heait. Hunt went to Jersey Shore, and next morning gave him self up to the authot ities, and is now confined in the jail at Williamsport. CC7 A rumor was afloat on Saturday last, that Mr. Bt ciiaxAK had resigned the office of Secre- tary of State under Mr. Polk. As the Baltimore and Washington papers were silent on the sub- jet, we took it for granted that it w-as an tin- founi'cd report. The Washington Union contra- dicti the report in the must positive manner, and adds : "The reason assigned for his resigns- tion, is as fabulous as the repoit itself. There is no difference of opinion in the cabinet on the Oregon question. There never was a more har monious cabinet, and there is as little variety of opinion on all the great questions whi,'h rome before the present cabinet, as in any of its pre decessors." Tor the American. Estimate of Fnrmins Exprmrs ia EnjliinJ ami Amcrira. It is the opinion of many individuals that '"""ing is not a protitaDle Mis, ness in this conn- j l",a,1M ' price of labor and the low P''1'1" r P'0''"" wo"11' preclude all hope of ,e. numeration lor labor bestowed and canital in- ance . V, " " ' f ' "' ' " V ! w,,h ''"I'e that, by devoting their time to j ,n"e 'v"aI professions, they were enabled to hetter their condition in life inrre.-i.e their r.. i "urr U1,r c"""""" '" "" '"rrcase their re- cneetahil tv and teml tl.eir i...r.j!.,... T I Vrl"il . exten.l tlieir useluliiess. In ! ,0"' i,ol",cd c,r ,h' ",ic if""i,,ns o r"n'' PJ" i r,"nU haV' aUo Wn tfhtl ounft men of lumU' ,UUon- h,v' in,,",ry "d ,'v"e PPl't. on, become shining lights, end ! consequently matei.ally bettered their condition. Kut, iii nine cases out ol ten sucb lias not been the case ! In pm suing my professional duties, I have come in contact with men w ho delighted, in their boyhood, to roam about their fathers' farms, and assist in such work as their physical streiigtl. and experience would enable them. Their kind parents, however, thought to elevate . , . . .... lo " conumon. ami weie willing to n,ake Sreat P- ''y -acrifice. to fit them for a j ,,a,ion ""X at a future lime, design- ' f ' occuPy- I""-Ven " the commencement of their professional career they were disappointed. I Dr. Dickes, by which the eaith, including the Throw n upon a celd and deceitful woi Id w ithout ; pis. rest soils, and even sand, are made In pro friends or influence, they were romelled to en- j duce abundantly all sorts of crops, without any ter into competition with powerful rivals, be : (ind of manure ! eiposed tothe deceitfuli.es. and Ire.chery ofthe T,e mnpy Kn(,anJ ,nrf Scoil .ml, uesignmg, ana even sometimes to untust perse cutions. They soon discovered tSat a learned , profession is the most arduous and perplexing ; end, in their difficulties and perplexities, they often regretted that they ever quitted their fa- thers' occupation. Now, in order to induce larmers lo educate their son. in the science of agiiciltu,., I will, with your permission, make sn -"".ate for stocking a farm in Fugland and the I mted States. You will perceive, after a careful perusal, that the expense of fsrniimr Lng'and is much heavier than in this country ; but, notwithstanding, it ia there considered a very respectable and profitable business. If so, why can it not bemade equally as respectable and profitable in this country. We must bear in mind that in England the soil is not the property ofthe farmer: it either belongs to Ihe crown, the nobility, or the church. It is cultivated up on certain conditions, and for a stipulated price, and the owner always retains the privilege of controlling the lessee in his farming oerations. In this country the farmer is commonly the own er of the land he cultivates, and is consequently happier and more independent. My estimate for stocking a farm in England, is taken from the "British Husbandly," published under thi superintendence of the society for the diffusion of useful knowledge, a work which ought to be in thelibrary of every practical farmer. Capital required to enter upon a farm of 200 acres of a vaiied soil, at a rent of 200 lbs. per annum : ' .C X d 18 10S 0 0 14 .10 0 0 II 2S 0 0 9 18 S 0 II ,V2 0 0 4 40 0 0 120 0 0 8 0 0 105 8 0 C draught horses at 2 young horses, 2 draught oxen, 2 steers, 2 years oh 4 cows, 10 Scotch cattle, 80 sheep, at 30s. 10 pigs, Livestock. 20 acres of wheat and 20 aeres of barley, sown by the late te nant, 20 acres of clover and 20 acres nf mixed grass, soon by late tenant, Payment to the late tenant. Implements, say 2 wagons, .1 carts. ,1 plows, ft harrows, winnowing machine, roller, sledges, Vc, purchased at half com. second hand, Haifa year's rent to be paid be fore a return can be obtained Trading capital for wapes, tax es, manure, extra stork, 200 0 0 .10 0 0 2.10 0 0 130 100 314 CV.it 0 0 tlXAFITt I.ATIOM. 210 .'.01 it II 0 0 Live stock, Late tenant, Sundries, Capital repuired, 0.000 1 XM103 8 0 i Since my sheet is almost full. 1 will give you I my estimate of expr-nse for stocking a farm in the I'nited States, in gross, omitting the items Livestock. tl22' 00 Late t.-nant, 0000 00 Sundries, 100 do Capital repuired. Si:i2'i 00 Cattawissa, July l'.i, 1S45. W. J. L For the American. 1 saw n beautious flower : it raised its head Proudly and gloriously. But there came a Mn.t From the ro!d North the flower '. it passed away . I saw a summer cloud, to splendour lit, By the descending sun. Its gorgeous hues Were far beyond the pencil's art, to paint. Sti'l lower sunk the sun Where was th- cloud, With its niot lustrous beauty Passed away. I saw a maiden in her spring of life, Lovelier than summer flower, or son-lit cloud. Her eye was like the stars her form waurh As Sculptures dreamed of in the olden time, j But hush, my feeble muse ! it is not thine j To sing of charms like hers. The days roll'd on. ; And where was she the loved and beautiful ? j The erave has claimed its own she passed away, And so it is with all tlat's bright on earth : Like to the maid, our joys like to the cloud, Our hopes like to the flower, our dreams. NorthM., July 19, 1815. Arrival of the Stramship Rrittannio. rOt HTKKJI HAYS HTKHI The ft pa m ship Britannia arrived at Boston on Saturday, with fifteen days later news from r " r,nrop. There is an active demand in the cotton mar- ket. and the sale have been Inr 'e. WPnthf.r has been favorable, and the : rr,pjl are W.i j Thc illce ,n,rko, m,inf.in. , firm Bppf..r. The American provision trade is dull. American securities, in conscqueiice ofthe ef j frts made by the people of l'em.eylvania to pry : .... 3 '- j " e P "P- Large siilw-cript ion have boen made in Lng- h 1 ' land lor the sufferers llV the fire St Uilt'lifC. j j Mr- Kviretl, the American Minister, has j In-en delivering an addrens before Ihe British Agricultural Association at Cambridge. The Journal des Debsts contains sn account of the Russian Count Apraxin, bis wife and child. en, being burned in vengeance by their infuriated serls. tie trilled his murderer, it is said, with unheard of cruelty, sod the terri j ble retaliation is therefore the less surprising Madame Iirel recently ascended iuherh il- i i,mn ,fmn Avignon. The balloon dropped into ; il.. di i i.... c .1 - . : . i --. " "or w.e cxen.on. ... . young j m-n who jumped into Ihe river to her rescue, ( ' wnutd have been drowned. j The Rsilwsy Rell announces a discovery of a - !.., . l i- : t . u.1.1 ' . v. 1 . . a. , 1 and Schisril societies, amounted tu no less a sum 1 j.-m (J,., u ,u ,,u ,c ' ' ' TlIK SfATr 1ji-at. A.v.,.-Allhe last fess-iiHi of Ihe legislature, 15,(11)0 were appro prjapj buiI,Iinff , SU1 ,jMnic A Um ,nd w , proceedi Ilf , hic w,,ieh w, MM IwJ (,7th ,, ,. . ,,, f ' in ! , ... k :.. r...... .1 : . " J 1 he law requires that the building to be erec ted shall be large enough to contain V.r0 in mates, and shall cost M,()00. Some $3,000 Lave been already subscribed in llarrishurg for Ihe purchase of farm for the site, and about $0,000 more will be required to secure the lo cation in that county. Miss D. I. Dix, through whose laudable ef forts tho law was passed, authorizing the estab lishment ofthe Hospital, pledges herself to g.ve $10,000 tothe building fund, as soon as thefsrin is subscribed for. The Ilsrrisburg Union says she has the amount in hand for which she stands pledged, and will give it cheerfully, as soon as her terms art complied with. iVn'er. Jackson' l.t mrnt. AVI 1 1 and Testa. Extract nf a letter Irnm Nashville, dated June 7, tu a gentloman in Washington. 'The last will and testament ol the old hero was thi dny approved in onr county court, and isof public record, lie commences by giving his body In the dust, whence il came, his soul In find that, cave it, Ac-, devoting his estate, fi-pt to the payment of two debt?, viz: one of 1.000, with interest, borrowed nf fieri. Douche of N;w Orleans ; another nf ftlO.OfX), with in. terest, borrowed nf Blnir St R;ves; and the bal- ; ance to his son, Andrew Jackson, jr., with the ! exception of few servants to his grand-chil- ' dren. j "The sword presented him by the State of ' Tennessee, he pivea to A. J. Donaldson, (hie i nephew,) now charge rie affaires at Texas. The i sword presented at New Orleans, he leaves to I Andrew Jackson Coftee, the eon of his old friend fieni-ral t'liflee. The sword presented to him 1 at Philadelphia, he leaves to hie grandson and namesake. The sword and pistol which he ' carried through the Ifritish and Indian wars, he ' leaves to (Sen. Armstrong. The pirtolft of ! Wasliii.fjton, hy him riven to l.sfnyette, and by j l.ifsyette given to Jickson he! 'avesto (orj9 i Washington lifayette, i he son of (ieneral La fayette. Sundry otln-r prewnla nnde him du : ring his lonu and eventful career, are lolt with , his adopted son, with instructions to him, that. n the event of war. they shall, upon the resto- ! r"i,,n prnco, be disf.h,.te. amongst those who MW" "ove coiinucuu t.iemse.vee most wormy ; of their country in the conflict, in the opinion of their 'countrymen and the ladie. ' Il is dated, I think in September, 144, and revokes a w;ll made by him several years be fore. It is ;n hi own steady and firm hand, writing, and like all things that ever fell from his pen, breathes the purest patriotism through out." Crnrrst Jnrksott "nil Ills flares. We find the follow ing letter in the Cincinna ti (inr-'tte : Nabiivii.i.k. June It, 1'I.V 'Gentlemen 1 attended the fiin Tal of (Jen. Jarkson, and took my lat look at the old iu:in; evt'ry thing wan as einip'e as could he wished. There wan one thing ftruck me very forcibly : he has always been charged with being tyran nical; but if the evidence of In. slave is e t mony to the ci ntrnry, I am a w tt.esa'lnt trier w.is sorrow, iinivcrHs1, among what I suppose miiHt have been seventy or eighty. You would fee Ihein standing around the Hermitage in j groups of filte'-n nr twenty, (dressed in their j Sunday dress.) in silent grief; the tears rolling I down their datk faces. The house servants : were immediately aro'ind the foot ol the coffin I !' or fellows ! when the reverend clergymen '(.Mr. Edgar) addressed hiinnelf' to them, n tr (the dimrs ic chnraetcr of their deceased f.ithei j anil friend, there was onegoh of grief thoul silent, and I, ns usual, sent forth my shower. , ! A S''1 C,u vr, Y K We re ' en'd with emotions id pride an act of "sllnntr' i i e . i m l"r,'""",l 'Y ," ; Ul wharf in New i ork, which, while it ' i honor to a gallant member ot the rd' S'cssiou, reflect deep disgrace up' ol spectators wlioc.uld see a IjiI ' out a maiilv efr .rt to nave he are thus stated : On Weliiesly a young the eteamlioat Telegraph of I hud swung off some 10 or 1 led into the North Kit.: ; plank from nf) the ei!g her brother, who w as i in charge, thi u'li n. , rence, was attracted hy ' the hint, and just caught .. . unking beneath Ihe wav j spran'j in after her, (an act, , did il" t e"-m to liny occurred ; min! who were spectators 01. ! ami was fortunate enough to si ' rose, and hy the assistance of a f hand of the Saratoga stcamboat- Conm.in, who attracted from the oil. e. : Ihe wharl hy th cry that some one w ' board, ran to the spot at once leaped ver) he was enabled to reach the log ' pier, and support her there ti'l a plank wss a j'i'led and lowered for their rescue, j S irely we may he permitted to add, (wh j we have accidentally learned) without io 1 ting any personal feelings, that this noble hi ther isour 'rieml Wa. (J Kino, Esq , the edit - : of Hie N. . Evening Gazette who, it he. . , j . l .l ., . not more than hia duty, haa Ihe enviable s' j faction to reflect that he did it manfolf ' nd ',h P'-"P-'-'l ,min ,he Co""'". 'P,r,i whn J"1' quietly .',. on while his uster drow ned." Ar-r Daily AJc. Low Rnairs, crsr.ii at rEsrs of imp hum rs in Ihe Moo I. Health is the st ite of U ' anj miud which render mere c ri'lenre a bl- s-i. j ,hilie ,,, of , u ,j u rluw.j ,he tccurnuL,j0 of mo.Ud humors in the blu snd other juices, hf neglect of vegetable purgii The cuie ia very simple ; open the nslursl du of the body which nsture hss provided for tits car Ir.g out of sll iie impurities, and healib will be s lo follow. This can I accomp'ished without inconvenience, by the use of Dr. Basisit VsetTsaia UaivsassL Pills, which a. e kno J by lbs experience of iboussn Is, 10 perfectly clca the blood from sll foulness, remove every mort hl lection, and renovate weak and eufeebleJ consti tionsi.i perfect heelih snd vigor, ' qt Purckase of H. D. Msaser, 8untury, 01 j ibs sgems, published in another psit of ibis pspt General