Newspaper Page Text
From tho N. Y. Mirror.
WII.Llf I.KTTKIH ritOM KUIIOPIC. NUMIIRR TWO. !nno!, July 1. My IV-nr Motrin Having some delay in gi ving my liule Imogen her first English dinner, we saved our passage by hair minute, anil were off from Liverpool at 4 precisely. The distance to I-omlon is, I believe, 2'JO miles, and wa diil it in five hours an acceleration ol speed which is lately introduced upon the English railways. There arc slower trains on the same route, and the price, by these, ia let's. There are also three or four different kinds of cars to each trnin, and at different prices. I chanced to light upon tlio first class, and pnid !i for two places my nurse and child counting auntie. 1 understand, since, that many gentlemen and Jadieaoftrm most respectable rank take the ne cond cl.iss cars (as few Americans would, I 'am sorry tosny, though there would be two de grees still below them.) This travelling at forty odd miles the hour yives one's eyes hardly time to know a tree from a cow, but here and there I got a distant view in crossing a valley, and recognized the lovely mral beauty of England; the first im predion of which lasts one, like an enchanted memory, through life. Notwithstanding Ihe great speed, the cars ran so evenly on their ad mirable raits, that there was no jnr to prevent one's sleeping or being-comfortable, and 1 awoke from a very pleasant dream to rind myself in linden. As I was dressing to dine out on the follow ing day, t flopped tying my cravat to send for a physician, nnd here, if you please, we will make a jump over twelve days, and come to a bright morning when 1 was let out to walk in Hegfiit street. It is extraordinary how Utile tlio En.flish change ! Regent street, after four or five years, is exactly what Regent street irns. The men 1iave the same tight cravats, emits ton t-mall, overhrus-hod whiskers, and look of being excessively washed. The carriages and horses exactly the same. The cheap shops have the same placard of "kwxino off" in their broad windows. Tho blind beggars tell the same sto ry, and are led by the same dogs ; hut what is Mill stranger than all this sameness, is that the ladirs look the 6amo .' The fashions have per haps changed in the milliners' shops ! But the Englishing that is done to French bonnets after they are bought, or the Englihh way in which they arc worn, overpowers the novelty, and gives lira fair occupants of the splendid car riages of I.ondon the very same look they had ten years ago. Still, there arc (some slight differences obser vable in the 6trcet, and among others, I observe that the economical private carriage called a "Rroughman," is very common. These are low cabs, holding two or four persons, with a driver, ond perhaps a footman in livery on the outside seat, and one horse seems to do tho work as well as two. This fashion would be well, inlro duced into New York that is to say, if our ci ty is ever to be well enough paved to make a drivo any thing but a dire necessity. The pa vmg of Jxnidon is really most admirable. Vast city as it is, the streets as smooth as a floor all over if, and to ride is indeed a luxury. The break-neck, hnt-jamming and dislocating jolts of Hrnadway must seem to English judgment an inexcusable stain on our public spirit. And, apropos of paving the wooden pavement seems to bo entirely out of favor. Ur-gont street is hi id in wooden blocks, and in wet weather (and it rains here some part of every day.) it is so slippery that an omnibus which has been stop ped in going up the street is with difficulty Marled again. The horses almost always come to their knees, though the ascent is very Blight, ond the falls of cart and carriage horses are oc curring continually. Nothing seema to do like the McAiiam pavement, and wherever you find it in london, you find it in as perfect order as the floor of a howling alley. I see tint all hea vy vehicles, (hy the way) are compelled to have very broad wheels, and they rather improve the road than sKiil it. A law to the same effect should be passed in New York, if it ever has a pavement worth preserving. Observing I jidy Dlessingtou's faultless equi page Mantling at the door of the Cosmorama, I went in and saw her Ladyship for a moment. She said the was Fullering from recent il'ncss, but I thought her looking far better than when I wa lant in Euglund. Her two beautiful nei ce were with her, and I,ord ; and the cele brated Vidocij (tur tins was what they had come to hi t-,) was showing then, the disguises he had w..ru in his wonderful detections of criminals, tin- weapons he had taken from them and all the curiosities of i. is career himself the greatest. I liMikrd ut tho Prince of Policemen, with no liltlo interest of course, after reading his singu lar memoirs. He ia a fat man, very like the outline of L'uis I'liillippos figure, and his head, enormously develoMd in tho perceptive organs, goes up so small to the top, as to resemble the peur with which the King of the French is com monly caricatured. Vidorq's bow to me when I came in uae the model of elegant and respect ful suavity, but I could not express a feeling of repugnance to him, nevertheless. J made a couple of calls before I went home. The chief topic of conversational b.ith houses w as the charms and eccentricities of an Ameri can bulla who has lately married into a noble family, Bho seems to have enchanted the ex clusivca by them with the must uti-del'ercntiul freedom. A low evenings since, blm chanced ti bo surrouudud by a hull' dozen high bred ad mirers, and conversation going rather heavily, she proposed a cock fight. Dividing the party into two sides, she tied the legs of tho young men together, and set them to a game of fisti cuffs ending in a very fair representation of an action between belligerent roosters! One of her expressions was narrated with great glee. She chanced to have occasion to sneeze when sitting at dinner between two venerable noble men. "La !" she exclaimed, "I hope I didn't splash either of you !" I have mentioned only the drolleries of what I heard. Several instan ces of her readiness nnd wit were given, and as those who mentioned them were of tho clas she is shining in, their admiring tone gave a fair reflection of how she is looked upon as, the most celebrated belle nnd notability ol high life for the pi f sent season. Fours, faithfully, N. 1. Wii.i.m. mi. NO I T. At the recent Semi-Cenleunial Celebration of the sitonding of Union College at Schenecta dy, N. Y Chancellor Wai.wortii pave as a toast, "Our venerable nnd venerated President, who understands the true secret of teaching n- A ........... L. n I . ' Tl.n Knn.irnl.ln . Dr. Norr responded, and the following sketch I K'urui iot-iiin-i'-i. o . i of his remarks is taken from the N. Y. Tribune : j He wasdressed in a long black coat and a blue or purple cap, from beneath which his silver hair trembled in the breeze. No one could see him without loving him, nnd at the same time mourning that his life must end so soon, for 'l'mt his aged temples grow The blossoms of the grave." My children, said he, I come at the request of many pupils. Thnugh sickness told mo not to speak, yet I co ild not reltise a request co ining from my children and their children. My children we have but one lit'e to i-nd, and therefore let us live it well. Man is mortal. Institutions such ns this never die. Ity them we transmit to other generations our influences. They have done much good by reviving letters. hut more by reviving 'he reading of the bible. Where has the bible gone and has not carried with it line of arts, love of letters, love of li berty ! The bible alone meet the case of man Chemistry can never discover an E ix r which can reanimate the urn hut the bdile teaches us how life shall spring from death how mor tality shall ho clothed with immortality. When fifty years more shall have passed a way others will come up here I shall m t be here. Many of you my older ch Idren, shall not be here be it so. We shall separate niter these ceremonies are ended, but not fir ever we shall meet in another world. I have been young, and now am old, yet I declare, that had I to live my life over again, I would lite more than I have done for God and my country. Were I to live ever so short a time, even if no longer than the merest ephemera Un iting in the sunbeams, I would rather soar with the eagle and be lost among the star, than meanly to grovel in the earth with things that perish. Some of you will be alive at tint next Jubi lee, when I shall be forgotten. The cold earth shall soon rest on this aged bosom ; and this arm shall be cold and senseless to the appeals of the poor and the distressed. Rut you, my children, see to it thai, while you live, the poor shall never want a friend, nor tha defenceless, defenders. And should it be my happiness to reach oh! happy thought those mansions uf bliss, let eveiy angel bear tidings from Earth to Heaven of your good works. Let it be told in those Mansions that other lira iuerds, and Hales, and Howards, and Granville. Sliarpes, have ari sen. Nor feel your work accomplished till mi sery and vice shall cease on this planet, and vir tue and happiness be universal. I shall close lhee remarks, my children, by offering the fol lowing sentiment, "The Alumni of I'nioii Col lege distinguished less by honors rcceivrd than conferred having rendered their Alma Mater, while in the greenness of yuuth, vener able by their deeds." "This oil hand speech nnd sentiment," adds tho Tribune, "were received with great ap plause. The speech was a true piece of elo quence, not mom lor the beauty of its laneuige than for his tones ami manner of delivery, extended view of the subject. In 1S3H an In which Cannul be reported." I temal Improvement Convention was held at . .. . Williainsport. A large number of delegates, A Girl Siiuv.i.fiu to Pkatii hy Svakf. from different sections of the State, were present. A little girl, about eight years ol age, was stran gled by a snake last Week, near liailihl nlge, in Lancaster county. Pa. She hail been sent to ga ther blackberries in a field, a short distance from the house, ami being absent for a longer time than usual, her parent proceeded to seari h for her. They found her quite dead w ith a large black snake coiled around her neck. II. M A.NAI.F. A lb We find a scrap in the American Agriculturist, gmng directions UH I" I. di dni iiu V9H iim mi uii'i inn, niiru " 3 a horse is unmanageable, as some horses are The writer says ''The rein passes from the ring of the riht side of the bit, up the riuht side ol the bead and over it b. bind the ears, then down . ,. ,-,i i ,, .: i , the eft side tbronuh the ling ol the left aide of ' the bit, which gives a purchase upon the mouth i -i. ., ... l... .1... i... ....I .. i that cannot be resisted ; the groom thus manag es him w ith the greatest ease. Poiaio Pi i.iim.s. The multiplication of starch lactones at the present day will put in the power of some of us editors to get some o ther kind of a pudding than a sawdust one. We put in for a potato pudding, now and then. Tho following, "ihri tiiy." is the best way to make them. To one quart of boiled milk, add, gradu ally , as in making hasty pudding, a quarter of a pound of potato flour, or. in other words, potato starch well pulveiied a quarter of a pound of sugar, and a little bn'lei when cold, add three eggs and bake it half an hour. Ji';e I'unmr, , a 1 1. i iii i it THE AMERICAN. fiat unlay, .1 nl 3, !84:. It. l'Jirntilt, Kq., at hit Heal B8m tale and Coal f title, corner ofiidantl C'hrnut ' Slrieln, riitlailrlihla, U antkorltfd to art an .Ifrnt, ai'tt rrerlfit lor all insure tine thin oWrr, far mbrrlplton nr ailvertMnf .linn at hl.i Ofl1ce,yt. Ifltt AVmas rrff, .Intl S. K. Corntr or Itnlltmorf ami Calvert ... I ., ilalllmore. , - I OAm Ivonr Screw, belonging to the top of a flute, was lost in this borough sometime since, j The finder, by leaving it ut this office, will be j liberally rewarded. j IVP"The season of ln-a', thank fortune, lias j Passed. The iiiht hav become cool and plea-! .... . j faut Though the clouds have worn something ! . .1 . . f - .1- t .a I. ni u uireuieninir aspect, lor ute last wees, we have bad but one shower. More rain would not come amiss, nevertheless, we should be extreme- ly thankful to a merciful providence for the bountiful harvest already bestowed on us. 07" Imteiikst ok S'ia'ie IIkiit. The quota for this county, was uid into the State Treasu ry yesterday. K7Wii.i.is' Lfttkhs. Our readers will find, in this weeks paper, several of Mr. N. P. Willis' letters from Europe, where he is now travelling. Mr. Willis is extensively known at home and ubroad, as one of the most pleasant and iuterest 'ng American writers. His letters from Europe, published iii the New York Mirror, about ten years auo, were much admired and very general ly read. We shall continue them as they come out. C7"Tr:xs. The news of the confirmation of , , 1 , 1 ,1 .. the Annexation resolutions by the I onvention, ! J I now in session , . u.niin n.r, n,i. .. . i. ... in nitii- I 1 .........,,... I I. k ly important. There was, it appears, but one . , dissenting voire in the Convention, in opposition to the resolutions Tho member who dissented s Mr. Iiache, and w hat is somewhat singular, he is brother-in-law to Mr. lal!us, our Vice Presi dent, and Mr. Walker, Secretary of the Treasury, both ardent friends of annexation. President Junes, of Texas, is very longhly handled in the Texan papei s, on account of the opposition he secretly made against the measure of annexation. CT7"There are a few of the peruliur democrat ic organs that occasionally give vent to their ma lignity and spleen, hy attempting to traduce lien. Cameron and the democratic members who voted for him as U. S Senator. These effusions are as impotent as they are ridiculous. All Un democratic papers ol Xoi thiimberland, Union and Columbia counties, nine in number, have ap proved of his election, and nine-tenths of the people are with them. And yet we find a few irresponsible (Kipinjay editors, insolently stig matising these men as traitors, for obeying the wishes of their constituents. Rail Rmitl from riiilmls-1 pliia In Erir, by way of I'uttsvillr nml tlir Siinbury and Erie Rail Ron! We have shown, by estimate and statements, in three previous articles of this paper, the great importance of Ihe completion of the Shaniokin, Mahouov and Schuylkill Rail Road, to the Read ing Rail Road Co., by iucieasing its m tt receipts about !r'.'.0, 1100, and therefore add ngto its actual value at least four millions of dollars. And we have shown also, that this link of about twenty five miles, which is wanting to make a coutinu. oils line of Railroad from Philadelphia to the Susquehanna, at Siuibuiy, taking the very low. est estimates and allowing for every contingency, would ay more than 10 per cent, on the cost of its construction. These estimates were based on the present state of trade of the Susquehanna and its tributa ries, without reference to further improvements through the populous, rich, and fertile districts of the Susquehanna valley, rich in mineral wealth and agricultural productions. We shall j continue by taking a more comprehensive and The result of their deliberations was an applica- tion to the Legislature for the incorporation of the Siinbury . Erie Rail lload Company. The menioi iulists, in their application to the Legisla ture, say : "The clf.rts of our sister states, show that, it we even regard the preservation of what we possess, capital and riiterpri.e must be aw aken ed to further action, in the construction ot line, ureal central rulway. The earlier and later navigation of our Cnnn's has Isen the subject of bon.-l ; inn ine leariss sinnes o: .ew ... , . , ,, , . ... i by railway to Erie, uiilci a spirililv counlerac- ,, liy rn,.r;,,.,lc competition, will soon show , it t,, ilv been a vain and transient boast. Shall ! Pennsylvania look idly on dunn"; lour months 'he years, and on Ihe openuiL' ol our canals in ihe spring, find, that during Ihe winter, while : . 1 , . , , Y ., , i the canals of her own, and ol other tales, were blut ,, ,ie rc(t ralw,v. 0 .,.w York, and those on our South also, had been drawing oil the wealth of tho West to their own cities! To hold what we hove, and more clearly to keep pace with other States in the laudable race, we, also, must make a railway to lke Erie. Sectional prejudice, or selfish calculation, can not influence honorable minds againsl this rail i road ; and the groundless apprehension that our canals may be deficient in tonnage, ought not to impede its thrmation. New York already finds her canal choak"d up, and boats delayed for days, with tho multitude of cargoes; and, doubtless, were the funds even now subscribed for the road to Erie, our own augmenting trude, and our suiwrior mineral wealth, would offer a- t Lundanco to our navigation, before it coul J bo r completed. Various portions of tlio road, and its branches, whoso treasures are now impeded, or concealed, will pour their tonnsgp ino the caniilu in the spring, nnd into tho Columbia rail road in tho winter anil, at all seasons, lighter merchandize and persons can be conveyed with superior despatch and certainly. The net of incorporation was granted and a survey of the route made by competent Engi neer , who have reported that it wasentirely prac- ticnhle to canst nut a Hail Road, of easy grades, j without any inclined planes, from thia place to Erie. This route is by way of the Wcat Branch the Lake, and is shorter than any other known. It also passes over ground much more favorable than the New York nnd Erie Rail Road, which is now rapidly progressing to completion under great and numerous disadvantages, and would, therefore, enable Philadelphia to compete nw. ...n..u. It i rAr ll.a ...nl T ,.L- V.. """" ' " 4" lure has given to Philadelphia advantages in se- ; .... curing this great ami growing trade, which she CBn O,)toin without much difficulty, and which, j( 5t, will be entirely owing to her own supine- am n,.Ri,.t.t. Her powerful rival, N. York, is now making Herculean effoits to monopolize this trade, by the construction of a Rail Road throiitfh the Southern tier of the counties of that State to some point on Lake Erie. The follow- ' alt- r I : . . .'It I .1 I -I I . I uiu muie oiuisuiuces. w in snow uie oec men su periority of the route from Philadelphia to Erie, 1 by way of Pottsville, Siinbury, and the West I'ruiich of the Siisiiiii hanna. Miles, j 1. Ruflalo to New York, by Erie Canal, .'.OS 2. Punkiik to New York, by Erie Railroad, Oil ; 3. Cleaveland to Philada. by Mahoning canal 507 ! I. Cleaveland to Philadadelphia, by Sandy : nnd Heaver Canal, 57.1 !i. Erie to Philadelphia, by Chenango route, M:i ' 0. Erie to Philadelphia, by Siinbury and Erie Rail Road, -111 Thus it will be seen that thedistance between Philadelphia and Erie, by the Siinbury and Erie Road, will be 1011 miles shorter than the New York route, r.cnides, tha navigation of the Lake, ut Erie, opens about one mouth curlier than at IHill'alo and Dtmkiik. These advantages, which Philadelphia will have over New Yoik. in ron- tending for the trade of the Lake, are to obvious r . , , , tli:ir thil' must urn Ijimr fin-c:i r 1 1 V riillini!iiiil J e, . ... ........ , iii nit HiiciiiHiii oi me i nnioiiisis hi in irtui-iiiiiiti ; pitulists of Philadelphia - and other places, aaiii. We shall resume the subject For the American. and offer a tribute of respect to the man through Mr. Editor : Taking a walk through your, whose inlluciice the measure was consummated, beautiful Rorough, I was much struck with the j On the 'it h we appointed committees on the liiie crop of Thistles and Nightshade growing! plan adopted by the Virginia Convention, to re in your streets ami alleys. They appear to have j port on the various subjects submitted. It called been cultivated by the authorities with some I forth some discussion which was creditable to considerable care. Cpon enquiry, I find no pro vision has been made for the cuttir.i and gather ing uf this valuable crop. I would, therefore. suggest to the honorable council, in the abst-nce of their efficient chief, that a I'orouu'h meeting be called, to take into consideration the propriety of appropriating two hundred dollars for tin reaping, curing and safe-keeping of the aforesaid valuable crop. Ci i.tiva roit. A Temperance Mas Meet inn of colored pen. pie will be held at Milton on the 4th of August. Several speakers, white and colored, will address the meeting. The I.ewishorg Chronicle says some 12 or 15 fine brick buildings are being errcted in their flourishing and prosperous village, together with a numb-r of frame ones. RrcAiUK; Raii.iioap I'pwards of twenty-five thousand tons of coal were taken to Philadelphia by the Reading Road, the week ending on Thurs day. The Schuylkill Navigation Company took to the same city, seven thousand tons. Arn-ltTiMii Casualty. The Lycoming Ga zette, published at Williamsport, says: --An accident of rather a serious nature occurred near this place on Friday morning last. A young man by the name of Francis II Campbell, son of our worthy townsman F. C. Campbell, Esq., while in the act of discharging an old gun, had a por tion of his right hand blown offby the bursting of the piece. We understand the injury is of such a character, as to irretrievably destroy the use of the hand. Let this suffice as a warning to ' all who idly sport with owder. TlIK IxrllFASK of Mam i ai ti rimj Wfai.th It is estimated by a gentleman of intelligence and well acquainted with the business of Pitts burg, that 51,0011.000 are added yearly to the actual wealth of that city by its productive in- i dustry. Large as the estimate is, it is altogether probable ; and we are not sure that in propor tion to the means employed, the same ratio of in crease would not be found to exist in many other manufacturing communities of our country. Iron, in some way or other, is now produced in twenty-four of the Cnited States and in one territory, Wisconsin. Mississippi, Arkansas, and Florida are the only States, and Iowa and the Distritt of Columbia the only other sections . . ,r, ...j,.,.,. :,., Anotiiik r.onv was found on Thursday, a mong the ruins of the fire in New York The Tribune says, a huge bundle of charred Ledgers was grasped under the circling bones of the left arm, while the lingers of the right band clutch ed some scattering pieces of gold. The skeleton lay crushed upon the steps, and the poor faithful wretch was joyfully making his escape from the burning building with his employer's books and his employer's gold. Tiif. Dii vkrfm k. Among the books recover ed in the ruins of the New York fire, it was found that all entries made in blue ink were to tally erased, while those in black were uniform ly legible. Taki.no Tixas. A gentleman from Texas, now iii Europe, wiitcs that a colony of 15,000 Sw iss are preparing to leave their country and j settle in Texas tins tail t.i From the Picayune of 20th inst. 1 Late and Important from Tti. Awxminn Hulijied Death vf Viet I'reniileiit K. L. .Jmlfrum Iiicu' tmtt and Dcprtdutitnt tif Hit lndian$Oentrnl Airur. P.ythe arrival of the brig Hope Howes, Capt. R. (i. Shaw, from Galveston, yesterday, we are apprised of the glorious and gratifying fact that the question of Annexation has been fully con summated. Thus, by the Home and unwaver ing conduct of a tree people, have the machina tions of traitors at home and enemies abroad been loiled and frustrated. Honor to the Repub licans of Texas for the part they have taken ill the achievement of the purpose ! We giva our worthy correspondent's letter, which embraces a clear and saccinct narration of the proceedings of the Convention, up to the latest period at which it was possible to receive Austin news : Acsiis, July 7, The Convention assembled on the morning of the 4th, and unanimously elected (Jen. Rusk to preside over its deliberations. On taking the chair he made a short address, which w as well delivered and suitable to the occasion. A com mittee of fifteen was goon after appointed, who reported by their chairman. Judge Lipscomb, an .- . i t .1 . . ...1 e ordinance assenting, on ueiuiu 01 me neoiue ui ... . . . e. .. . 11., the Cnited States Government. It was adopted with one disspnting voice but five members ab sent It was engrossed and signed by nil the members present. It it not a little singular that the only dissenting voice was Richard Rache, the father-in-law of your Secretary of th Treasu ry, and brother-in-law of the Vice President. After the necessary resolutions were passed for the transmission of the ordinance to tho Cni ted States, a resolution was offered by Co!. Love, and unanimously adopted 'That the members wear ciape on their left arm for one month, as a testimony of regret for the decease uf Gen. Jack son." Whatever differences of opinion may ex ist as regard his political acts elsewhere, Texas owes him a debt of gratitude. To him wc are I indebted for the privilege of becoming a nieiuber of the great American I'nion a measure so im- I'l I.IIII HI I", ' 1 .u. ..... trt .... nn.l f l..m. In fnu Tl. . tt . i I . ' ..' . 1 1 1 . ... ii... . 1 .... . . 1 T 1 ... I . . I . . I ! I I i noil men aiijoiirneii. 11 was a novel ceienruiion i f the Liberty Pay to surrender the indepen dence of our nation, and, hy the act of the w hole people, assent to its incorporation with another, the speakers it was the skirmish that precedes more heavy firing. The delegates to the Convention, for intelli- j gence, integrity and worth, would rank high in any country. There is not, pet haps, much of brilliancy, but a great deal of matter-of fact sense and sound knowledge; and I predict that we shall form and send you a sound and sensible Constitution, free fiom the worst features ol" ul traism. The terms of annexation are not, perhaps, such as we had a riuht to ask, but so anxious are we to free the subject from farther agitation in the Cnited States, that no conditions whatever will be annexed to the Constitution differing from the resolutions passed by the Cnited States Con gress. A despatch was received from the Cnited States in the morning, and Major Ilonelson ani ved on tho evening of the flth, having been de tained at Washington by serious indisiosition. These despatches relate to the occupation of our frontier by our troops. They are now on their march the foot by water to Corpus Christi, on the west bank of the Nueces ; the dragoons by land to San Antonio. The step is taken that will decide Mexico in her policy. Foreign troops will soon be upon the soil she claims. Her choice must be a declara tion of war; or, if she is wise, riegociation. She may acquire money by the latter defeat and disgrace only by the former. To-day a resolu tion was passed requesting the President of the C. States, in behalf of the people of Texas, to send troops forthwith to our frontier. This res olution is a sanction, on Ihe part of the people of Texas, of the movement rioted above. The intrigue of those in power here, which in its commencement was advised by the ex-President, has been dissipated by the power of the peo ple. The Executive occupies no envied ikm. tion ; I am inclined to think he has been victim ized by his friend and patron, as well as her Ma jesty's Minister. True to his faith, however, he issued his Proclamation admitting a state of war and a disputed territory, which, if not intended as treason to the countiy, or proceeding from dis appointed hopes, w as excessively foolish. Lord Aberdeen has avowed to lr. Ashhel Smith that her majesty's Government will not interfere in the question, so he writes home. This removes one of the prospects of war ; so if you get to loggerheads w ith John Hull, it must be about Oregon. Jonathan will light for whales and lumber, but seems to have but little fancy for it if sugar, cotton or negiocs have any thing to do with the matter. This once flourishing village is in a state of entire dilapidation and ruin the effects of an ar bitrary exercise of power, without cause and without precedent, andalthough the author of all this ruin is elected a delegate, he will not take his scat ; he cannot, he dare not look upon hun dreds whom he has in his wantonness ruined! Gen. Tarrant, a delegate from Fannin, was oil a visit to San Antonio. He, with Mr. Howard, delegate from that place, had for some time been expected. Painful apprehensions have arisen for their safety, as many Indians are on the fron tier who have committed many murders lately. We are entirely exposed to the attacks of In dians and Mexicans not a soldier on guard, and but few firearms. So callous has the people of J Texas become to danger, that they scarcely ever prepare to repel attack. On my way here I met a young man, with two young girls, in a buggy, no protection whatever from attack, almost at the very spot where young Homsby had been killed two weeks previous by the Indians. They were in high glee laughing and talking merrily. I could but think that an hour might consign them to death, or a worse fate. The Hope Howes reports only 40 hours from Galveston to the Calize. The latest Galveston paper we have is of ths 12th inst. We are in debted to Capt. Shaw and Mr. Nick Boilvin for papers, &c. The P.ritish Rrig Persian arrived at Galveston a few days ago, from Vera Cruz. She brought despatches fur the government, and was to re turn as soon as shs heard from Washington. It was rumored at Galveston that the was thera for the purpose of learning the lute of the Mexican proposition to President Jones, and if they were lejectcd, that the fleet of Mexico would be down on Galveston without delay ! We hope the Gal vestonians will not evacuate their city on tha strength of this fearful rumor. The Hon. K. L. Anderson, Vice President of Texas, died on the 10th ult., at Fantrop's Mont gomery county, of fever. The papers ar in mourning for the sad event. Mr. Edward Bourne, a native of Coventry, ., ,,, , , . England, left his residence on Hear l reek Lake in a boat, on the 3d ult., and is supposed to have been drowned on the 4th. Ashhel Smith has been recalled from England. Speaking of this, the Gal veston News of the 12th says : ' We should like to know what he went for. w hat he has done, bow murk money he has hi( hted. w hen he is going again, or what plan w ill next be fallen upon to disburse 0111 public funds. The following appointments have been made by the President , Hon. Ebener.er Allen, Secretary of State. Hon. W. 11. Ochiltree. Attorney General. Hon. J. A.Greer, Secretary of the Treasury. The reports of the crop throughout the coun try are highly favorable ; Galveston and the o ther cities and towns continue healthy ; emi grants are fast pressing into the country from the adjoining States of the I'nion ; and the pros- 1 l"'r's of Texas, view them through w hat phase we will, are prosperous and encouraging. I I c rj Tiik Nbw PosTA'iF. Law. Thompson's Fatik note Reporter furnishes the following interesting analysis of the rates of postage under the new law, which went into operation on the 1st inst : "One dollar and fifteen cents of American coin age, in silver, weighs one ounce. A fifty cent piece and a live cent piece (say 55 cents) are al most equal to half an ounce. Those who wish to ascertain what their post age will be, can with silver charge weigh the papers before folding the letter. We have made a variety of experiments and j give the results below : cents. Two sheets of common letter paper folded, Fout sheets of lit'ht French paper folded, Ten Hank notes, in letter paper, Fifteen bank notes in French paper, A half eagle in French Paper, A quarter of a dollar in common paper, A chi'd's cap in French paper, A child's frock in French paper, A lady's handkerchief, A full Irock (no flounces) Turnip seed for a quarter of an acre, i: li lot it Ribbons, to trim a bonnet fashionably. 100 pinches of snuff, in Frsnrh paper. N. B. If the distance is more than 300 miles the postage will be double Love letters nr. often so light that they weigh nothing ; on sue! there will be no postage. An Early Aiti.ioant The Postmaster C' neral hns received an application for the appoint rucnt of Postmaster at Galveston, Texas. Thi chap know s the value of being in time. Patriotit Sf.mimk.nt Col. Seth Salisbury at the late celebration of the 4th of July, at th seat of Government, gav the following chara. teristicand patriotic sentiment, alike woithy th cause of the democracy and creditable to his th votionto its principles. At this crisis in the .1. mocratic party of Pennsylvania, when the led. ralists are talking loudly of carrying the State ; the fall elections, mrh rntimnil will be receivi with high approval by ' the toiling millions coming as it does, from a friend suable, so si cere and constant to the cause of republicanisn it will cheer on the democracy to union and' victory, and a sound republican Legislature w i be elected on the second Tuesday of October -The decision of 11 1 w ill thus h gloriously r asserted in 1I5, by the honest hearted democr cy of the Keystone State, Rut to ihe seiilimen "The ascendancy of democratic pril.cipl mut be sustained at every sacrifice, nnd by e ry honorable exertion. The decision of 1 will be gallantly re asserted by the people Pennsylvania in 1M3, by electing a republic Legislature. -I'nion, concession. everythi for the cause." Inty and gratitude, as well the integrity of the democratic party, call I harmonious and energetic action." I'ultni Emporium. lMroFTtT to Tailors A Hoston judge I decided that a tailor is bound to make yo clothes a proper fit, and failing to do so, you m return them within a reasonable time. That before they are hull" worn out. The other i portant question, how soon they should be p. for, if kept, wa. postponed for fuither conside tion by the learned judge. Tim Rioht to the IIrefxiiis. A young f was fined, in New Orleans, lately, for appe ing in the street in boys' clothes. The just admitted the right of married women to "wt the bieeches," but denied that singlrt fenia had any business with any such an article. Pkkskcvfs It is said that to set newly m; preserves for several days, open in the air, i i of the best methods of making them keep thiol the summer, unferniented. It is worth tiyui;