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JNB DOMBAttOJIMf Of OfiTaih A BaiixtAtr Natal Arrets A Mexican . eoouuswMbo opttttkm of Tm CbitcJ Stste esso o wr Cj at Qenywest mm kccvuilr ;u ViM, to wnicft ft ; wr Wtt4 that, the) e 2": f'Vanfs ero IpfWiAtlf 'rfpiliti. Tt Wo r.'i ourton Onion hss been faroished by k Irreird In Ne York, wtmm K Wss a&lrWsaed, wfth the v wllowmf cwotf th7jlt !,f iho.CynBO to ' the par?, whitn though net official, le believed .'iw ootreec,. The) affair reeulteil in the) sue- CvmiuI eceomplishinent of CWmacer 'Du P. ot' idyeete, and tho detaile ox hi bit renewed proof shut thtf spirit which has, ft tlfree peat, cwered the navy with honor. etill ex'ste, and will diply'itseU wasneveren opportunity pre- .entailer. ( On the ffiorninof the 6tb of Oat, Opt. Do font r recited the authorities to deliver lbs two guti boats, armed snd equipped, snii the registry the vessels in tha port.. This, t the morn ' in?, was refused, and ehortly aftcrwarda lit tr goo boats were aet on fire by tha Mexicans, to prevent litem falliufr io our heads. "We iiow ftft tnaa'uliy at our remaining work, wh'cti woa to cut out the only . Mexican vcwel lying In Ihe biro-, (the neutrals hauled ra they were directed.) THa waa the brig Condor, anchored witlrn piciot ahot of the town, and within abort muket-ningc of their troops concentrated behind the hill I have be. ' ore oientioned. She evidently was not burned when the gun-boit were, on account cf her be tn$ more c unpletely covered by their combined f rcee, lying in a cove an far b.-bind this hill tint they could fire upon her from their protcc iM position without exposing themrclvea to the etiipegiine.' Our launch, with a (run a twelve ft uml carrons.de mounted in her bow, and t! e third culter, were ealltdaway, with their cew armed and cqtrpped. Lieut. G. W. llsr rimi ineomimnd irthe expedition in the launch . with Midshipman II. N. Crabb and ac ini bout eain Jtoie Crdlina. The third cutt r. with f.iNit. Etward Iliggtnsand Midhhpman R. F. R. will aomo' cxtn smutl arm then. Sned ('flat hiK-past rlevcn. Lying on their Mr a few rn'ntitte, alongside, ihry were ad ' d'ened by Captsin Pu Pent in a few peitinent ' remark, e'tir3 fo. t'.i the neceity of hi send J.ig tletn upon hegrdn an expedition, iali'ne them to how t'a9 enemy, by the man ner of bringing out the brig, from hrr ni're rjr,. p aud position, how they would have handWd the cnn-bt aia. The nfllcera and men in tin boits envied by allonboird ; Inr rush was tl.e enihimiam, t Sit evry mm wsa disappointed that waa not 1-cti'd fur Ihp expedition (rave way, and pol led dirt ci'y fr the br ip. We at once opened Ihe Are from the aliip upon the town with ruund and ahell hnt, cuncont rating the fire upon the government buildinga, which, forlunilely. form td a rptce between thin hill, behind which tbe nvlilitry Ur, ond where tha Condor waa Ij ing. O if fire had the c Sect to make the troopt with oraw a little, to find greater aecurity behind the hii;tcet psit of the hi'.l t we aeon aaw that our ahot and hrU were doing fearful execution by the hoh? in the wall of the honaea. A the rnTny did not open up'-n our boata immediately nurfire waa rtankned lor (tar our viiell might bnrt before reachir Hieahore, and da injury to our people. Whan oir boata boarded the Condor, the enemy with three chcera, opened upon them with o!!ya nf musketry, and an IS pounder charged wi'h grape and round ahot, and a cul verine aitualed within muaket range of llieni. Our fire from the ahip waa at once fiercely re. nmed, and to well dirrcled, that it prevented the enemy fri m approaehing the Condor, confi ning them behind the bill, aa the whole apace waa awept by our (hot and shell. Their fire wa alao warmly returned by our launch'e gun and the amall-armed men drawn op en the deck of the britf. Her cable, though of iron, waa enon cut with an axe, ann our men were hea ving cheerily upon the hawter, running u the fcfrige anchor, which they had dropped aa they approached the brig, with l.fT ahe goea, and ofi alie muit to ' In the mean time, the enemy 'a fire becsme an hit, that Lieutenant Harrirm urJered the bf ij to bo fired, fearing the boata inipht be diauled. T):ii work waa dent under hoer of bilU, aa tbey were receiving the fire nf at leiat fivu IninJr' d muakta. Wlieu 1ie wa4 tvarei up to Ihe L-dge, fhe waa token io t'w by the biiti; it waa at thia moment that the en; my hi J aome exultation, aeving tbe buafa pulling away rrom the brig, and not ub iirvin I'm hawMT which waa alack, they tbouyht tUn boutt were beaten ofl, but they aouu aaw the ha lighten, and the brig following the bosta; firat cu'cr wait aent to ansil in tow- ing in charge ot Acting Mwlei J. F. Sienaoo. "TUa bri i was ao-n oii. f of iha ene my'a mu.ke'ry.iU Cm waa:i' ignited, he waa UiweJ to leeward of u, and tl.e u off we ei a-d firing, our i 5-.'ei and men were jy iMiMy received nut ian waa injured, aeemrd m'taeubtu the brig'a rule and mta w -re tu I ui'hi.t, and one uf our launch' xra w ia Ui.k' fi by a k'9 abiU, t!ie riily injury d n ua It eenn j ntii a'r.tukd and tabu I Ui t't fi. an eye i!mr, wit. o Wlitttfi, it ((.jit In y 1. 1. it at two b latu, with abiM.t fi;y oitn, i'l'.i.U tot iXi'id t.i kw gr t it ut (nun I venty fu U.iily iu'iiule, V, ilU"Ut .Uuiing uv j.r; but r ' c ' i the wlmi Im'b, I b luye r.iu rr. n' ... rcii vt.l r . -inl in mii lo a but- irf pi;,r.n.i'i or Kifiv- c .nM!r',,y cuteil expe A I ; ,r !(. Mi: tin .irf.'h Wtb"M( i"r t I lie li'',., t n i e. p uf i I eiueepi(in and it iM'U'it xi eiU'cn. The rp'ril thai Jigul.-d ihe lire, ai TriiHili i aiiv- 10 our navy. Tbe - - - f 4d apilit ia o buried, but raiaad up. Mt MM be racolloaied tbia catting aut waa mad at ahidday, and preaiouanoticegivea. Tha trutb ia, tht enetny did not opeo their fire afi ur bests until tbey boarded the brig, whtq, wlifc laree cW a, toy aM4 upan tfcejh, b. liating that t Key hUf. aaged that at la teach of fjwit afnitj. Tbwf tan U Mr ooubt they felt tbaf they bad them trapped, from their exultation. Never did a aet of tneo behave better thaw ware dM." ' HtftnkT iMPOnTAMT rnoM MKZtCO. Th Mexican Cnnarea Pasted a Bill fur Raa- - ing Fifteen Milltona of Dollars to Carry on , tbeWar -Great Excitement in Mexico f Reported Death of Santa Anna ! Shot by ' ' hll sn SoMiera 1 Oen. Worth at the Dra - IraOen. Taylor at Wouterey Gen. Wool at 8ltilo Colonel Harney Arre-ted Ar rival of the Pennsylvania Replment at the Dratoe Departure of Gen. Scott for Tampi co Geo. Patterenn at Tamplcr WntsoTa. Feb. o 8 e'clock, P. M. The Seutbara mail of thia evening brlngi tbe Picayune, extra, of the BJ imt., containing nawl frem Aiiton Ltaatdo ta the SCth alt. Letter received atate that the M-xiian Con greaa on tba Pth, after a atrong debate, appraved the firt aection of a bill authotiaina: tha joTfrn went to raiaa fifteen millioea by tha bypothera tlon and aale of certain property belonging to tba cburrb. Santa Anna opposed this, and it ia rumored that bia oppoition ao exaaperated bia aolJiera that tbey bad ehet bim. Tbia report needs confirmation, but many cir eumstanera render it not improbable. The ar my waa In treat disfreas. Tbe passage of the law created the greatest excitement in Mei-o. tbe churrhee were closed, and every indication of mourning and reaiatanre evinced by tbnte wbo soppart tha religious establitSmenti. Tbe Mex ican Congreaa and Mexican pr-as every wheia appear thoroughly aroused. Tbe issue they make is "!ieecr" ("to be or not to be ") Theateamshipa McICim and Alabama arrived at New Orleans, Calvetoe dates to the S9ib and Trasoato tba 31st ult have been received. Cen Worth, with bia command, bad arrived at Brains via Camargo, on the 23d. Rrnerala Scotland Worth ate to take command of the ma n and re gular army now concentrating at Tampiro or at some place in its neifhbnrhonJ. The new re cruits rendezvona at the iilsnd of l.oho. aixty milet South of Tampiro. The op nion ia alrnont pnireraal that the movement is to be aea:nst Vera Cma, and it ia understood that that plare is to be Invaded by land and water. Colonel Har ney, with five companies of dragoons, were ex perted to arrived there. Cen. Taylor bad re turned to Monterey, where be was to remain ia command of tbe volunteers. Hi'ordereto tbia t-fiect had proceeded from (Jrn. Scott, who now lnd.te the chief c immanri. General Wool waa at Saltillo or it neighbor- hoot1, in command of a force of SCOO. The euun- iry rrm Reynnea, Cam go and Mier ami through to Monti-rey is filled with marauding Mexxana and robbers. The Picayune' cor reepondence had not been opened. Cd. Harney had been arrested by G n. S.-ntt fur disobedience of ordera, and waa to bo died immediately by a court martial. Gen. Worth ia aaid to b mtita unwell. Gen Scott and hit ataff were at Drax e, but it was thought would sail in a few day for Tain pien. Tbe first Pennsylvania regiment had arrived t Braxoa all well. It ia aaid they had been ordered to Lnbje. Gen. Patterenn arrived at Tampico en the 33d with 4500 men. General Twigga, Quit man, and Pillow were along. The ateamer Cincinnati bad been lost on the 22t, near Tan.pico. It U stated, on authority of daieennt an late aa contained in the picayune Extra, that Smta Anna had withdrawn 15 000 men from Sn Lu- ia, and anarched with them towards tha C ty of Mexico, afTaira there requirinr hie ere nee. - lOu'cbick, P. M. An immense and enthusisatic me.ning was held thia evening, at (bid Fellow Hall, in aid of tbe atarving poor of Ireland. V.ce Preident Dallas pieeided, aeaiated by Vice-Preeidenta from every Stale and Territo-y of the Union, and aix fBecretariee, A Commi'tee waa apunift- ted to draft redoluliona, and during tiieirbmce an aodreaa waa delivered by Mr IKtlUa. ' On the return of the committer, Daniel W. b ler waadeeiredto read the rero'uiiona prepa red b him, which he did, prefacing them with a bi ief but eloquent apcech. The resolution recommend immediate contributiniathroughiut the country. The (V.leeior and Mayor of Phi ladelphia, and many others, were placed on the committee In receive and transmit donations, The H-.v. O. Dewey delivered an address, which waaadouu-d by the meeting. Thejn. Mr. MtClay, R. D.le 0en, and J. J. Critten den delivered fine ape echee, after which Ihe luieiiog adjourned. Tba London Shipping G netle reiiuiatce that it will r quire a weekly imporutinn of ox mil- L'o.n aiaiii rtREAL loop lu aupo'y thu Ite-eo1 the putaU crop in Ireland, Kuglmd and Scut- ('md, up In Aliquot or September iipi snd wiiu 'be French port open, this quantity will ml be btamed unli prices should r e consi derably, W Ma tu draw fund iuto liiu Cu'ji.lry, srd retain it ilie t a foui.d that the atarving millMui h lr la.ud sr sufficient In cootume more grain ihaa is arriving io the rf.Acrent port of ilie Ki'gdnin lint lbs nulla throughout the country etnmrf keep p-.e wi h the demand for nxalj and that all the tonnage which ran be procured in the aorta of America ia insufficient to throw in a timely supply.' The lata Sir John tinclar left tiittyeigll eel of children three sou sad three dsuib - Wis, ' -"-- ' 1 1 1 I pirn .' aliorioatj. lL Kmtmrdar, Fttruttrp t 1847 tut mmU Ctawl Mtre, renter e8at smI Ctemmt mtrrttt, PMadttphtm. mt Mn VfUr e lu .Vmm M'rrrt, Atse lrs T. fjerwee Btit ttmort and Cmlvrrt afs., BmHimmr, Oiac.V 16 Utatf mitrt, Boa m mhthTitnt to act n Jlnnt, ord rtrtipt tme tilt mtmtta cfue Ukls mltlrf, tr hrrtptl advrrtUltif. E. IV. CARR. rorner of Third mfl Dork Sfrtrti. Sun Ptiitilhtft, (ppotilt Mmhtintt' r.xthtrnfi, Philmklphia, if a!io aull.oriird to met as our Agtnt. 03Fst!iii(O Ink A freabsunply of superior printing ink just received, and foi aala at Phila delphia, prices. . , i CJ" We refer our readers to an excellent let ter from eur Philadelphia eot respondent, wbo promises us more from the same source. The writer, wbo ia a regular correspondent of oue of tbe New York daily papers, baa the means as well aa tha abilities of communcating entertain ing and intei eating information UT It will be en by the late news from Mexico, that Santa Anna has been shot. We are ratber inclined to think this rumor incorrect. We do not believe that it ia his fate to be either hung or shot, however tr.urb be may deserve both. (XT Tsxr KSAict AetRiis. On our first page eur readers will find parts of the address of the State Temperance Convention, which assembled at Ilarrirburg a short time since. The conven tion having rquetrd its publication, we furnish our readers with the mott important parts, not having sufficient room for the entire aJdresa. E7" Ira In consequence of tbe late rain and thaw, the ice biok up on the river, rather sud denly, on the fl'h inst. Hut few of the ice hou ses in this place having been filled, we were fear ful that thre would b a scarcity of this imper ii.! article, next summer. Large bo'diea, howe- er, of very nipcrior ice were 'o !rd on theMiore. t thia place, from which mott of the ire houses n town were filled. Our neighbors of Northum berland and Danville, we understand, are in ra her a had fix, aa tbey bad secured but little be fore it left. 07 The late rise in tbe price nl grain has cau sed quite stir among grain dealer. On tbe rail road leading to Caltimore tha trains were rpt running night and day. At F.liaabethport, New Jereey. Ihe papers say four utrtt ef Indian corn meal are now lying At Somerviiie and Trenton the store-housre are full to overflowing. It the rail road between thia place and Pntttville waa eompleted, we have no doubt aeveral bun- drrd thousand bunhrla of grain would paaa over it, to market, by tbe Readiug rail road, before tba canals epen. C7" Coat Cas In Philadelphia the coal gas is ao deatructive to tbe descending columns ef tbe radiator atovea, now so generally ia use, that many persons bave abandoned these atovea en- ircly. One cxtenaive stove dealer informed us, bat in many casea, the rolumne tHeough which ha heat and gas descends, bave been eaten hroub in less than two yrara. Tbia, we pre sume, is altogether awing to tbe character of the coal used. There are, in this place, a number of radiator atovea that have been in conataat oae for eight er ten yeara, and in no instance have these stoves sustained sny perceptible injury from tbe effects ef gas; and w ill, in all probability, last for wrnty years. Tbe coal used in Sonbury ia the Sbsninkie roal. A purer and better article tbe world cannot produce. C7" Toa Stratus Cot at. We see that ano her attempt has been made to remove tbe So preme Conrt from tbia place to Harriaburg. Mr Fox, of pauphin, read a bill in bia place, a few days since, for that purpose. Thia. we presume ia le be done for tbe accommodation of a few lawyera, wbo may, by tha means, be enabled to make anmething more crT their clients, who, of reure, mutt pay Ihe expenses, whstever tbey may be. The judges of Ihe court, snd Iha peo pic, ws know, srs opposed to tba removal. C7 The Philadelphia Ledger aays. Ilea at Co ef New Tork hvejnat completed, for that paper. a newly invented Printing machine, which will enable Ihem loatrike off ten thousand copies of that paper pr hour. The enterpriaingproprie lore ef Iba Ledger have already expended $8,000 or $10,000 for printing machines, snd this, we presume, wilt roat not much less. C7 roisaaca Mr. Calhoun made a grat -- - - - . eperrb on tbe 9th, in relation to tha wsr. lie is in favor of defensive operations, conquest to be realrieled to tbe liaaef tba Rio Grange. On Iba 0lb, tba report of lbs committee of conference on the ten regiment bill waa adopted. It gives the President the power to sppo'nt offi cers below Ibe grsda of fin Id officers, during lbs rtreaa. C7 Flkvbn says iatss raasj Ecaora. Tbe Steam sh'p Sarab Sanda arrived at New Tork ea tba tOtb inst , and brings intelligence of a further advance in tbe rr ce or gram. nal ta now worth at Liverpool from 83 30 to 83 40 per buahsL Tba diatresa in Ireland ia iarresting Tbe people sre literslly stsrving. Large sub aeriplioaa in England bave been raised. In Francs and in Europe generally, tbera appears to be a grest scarcity. Tba perls of Iba Baltic being Ireaen up, nothing can bo expected from that quarter until spring. Q3Mbxico Tbe bill to raise 813,000,000 1 church property paaasd Coagreaa. Santa 1 " tk Mexico with part of bis ixercee. Tba greatest descerd pre vai la. 07 Tub LsoisLainaa. Tbe Heme la coo- alderabty btbinj the Senate In tbe transaction of bueinesa.; Tbia, or soiree; canaot altogether be voided, Sltbongh it' might V helped by iudi eioue mMigeanent, The Ilouae eonUms Mum- ber of aerlvt and talented buainess men. Tba correspondent of tbe Philadelphia bteyatona tbua apatks ef Mr". Knox of Tioga t Hf 111 the House all would act as doea Mr Knot, tbev would bo able to keep op with the Senate. He never speaks unless he baa some thing te aiy, and then to the point. He does not apeak merely to hear himself talk ; ho ia Ihe moit prom'sing man I know nf? Wo take pleasure also in saying that Mr. Fttair, of Huntingdon, though a new member, is highly respected in the IIousO. Possessing a clear mind and vigorous intellect, Lis rtmaiks are always listened to with attention. Vott or Toanaa to G!. Tavlos. The Senate very properly rejected tbe proviso in the resolution of the House, containing a vote of thanks to Cen. Taylor. Tbia proviae waa a re flection nnon Gen Taylor, en account of the terms of capitulation at Monterey. Mr. Webs ter afterwards offered a substitute, which was nnanirrixiaty adopted by the Senate. The House resolution was a disgrace te tha country. No not to the country, but to Congress ; for we have yet to see the first man wbo would not give his moM heartfelt thanks to Gen. Taylor for his gallant conduct. The country repudiates, with scorn and contempt, such niggardly proceedings in their national legislature. tI7" LoArsa A friend and correspondent has sent us the following communication, in re lation to a certain data of biped that seem to infeat every part ol the habitable globe. We can readily ay mpathiae with our friend, but cannot ao easily deviae a method by which be may free himself from these pests of society. Ma F.onns, Aa full understanding of our language ia essential to good writing, aa well as to correct speaking, I deem it the duty of every lover nf literature, to aid in bringing about so great a desideratum among bia fntndi and nt'gh- bur Forcib'y impreaaed with thia idea, I have ta ken it upon myaelf to explain the meaning of a ingle word Ibe term 'loafer" Dr. Web- ater, in bia immortal Dictionary, derives it from he German noun la-'ftr, a runner, from the verb taiifcn, to u. and makee it mean an id t "ioi le'-e reA hi I vine lif 'P't"Kng or txptd'rnl. Notwithstanding this high authoiity. I must b p eave to differ from the great leiimsrapher, as t regard the derivation. Kunning doe not ap pear to be a branch of the loafera buainera. 57- it At forte. An aversion to hasty or vio ent locomotion, ia the distinguishing character- tic of the genus When forced to travel, he may berecognizd by that peculiar rtek, called n common parlance "a snail's gallop " And un ess tbe German primitive ran be made to mean this pnrt tular tart of running, I must endeavour to find a more likelv root May it not be traced to the good eld Saxon w ord Itf. which signifies a lump or mo', and tbe Chaldaic n enoay table err meaning riser.' Now, by supplying tba little preposition , we have the creature's natursl history, greatly abbreviated m matt f latinrit. Tbia descrip tioa applies with aingular accuracy to that dia tinct species of the race which hanga about tbe sanctums of stui!ei.tr, offers of Attorneys, ffcy siciana and otbera, whose labor lies in ' toilsome thought " Asbotbinclinstion snd necersity in duce me to ponder over "musty tomes" and even at timea to burn tbe "midnight oil," I have en joyed remarkable facilities ler studying the traits snJ features ef this sort of loifer. A pleasant recreation it ia, Mr. Editor, for one whose indispensable studies keep him many binra within doors abut in from the whole- acme cireu'aSing oir, ' cabin'd, cribbed, con fined." to be eeirpellrd (e lift n a great for lion of bia time to the twattlirg of thia de lectable pest. MArt ia long," and lime ia fleet ieg.Hie aiertimrrt he ran r.evrr comprehend. Favieg himself no thirst for knowledge no d sir for Iha 'varied lore' that rheera tba student tbrevgk tbe vigils ef tba still night, he ia enable to arpreeiete. The dresm tbe thirst the wild desirs, .Delirious, yet divine io know." Bring ui fortunately dratitste, by Nature, uf that esaentisl portion of man lb mind, ha vrge tales in a half human, half brute condition ta king food and drink whenever (banc or fortune tbrowa it ia bia way : nsrful to none a nuis anca to many, and a burden to himtelf. Time ia tbe atodent'a wealth. It is the mesns by which be Isys up those eibaustless riches, which endure sometimes longer tbsn tbe mer chant's srgosy or tb banker gold, riches thst be may sven csrry beyond the grsv. And yet of Ibis trsaaura, "tkt i kuitu' aecka to deprive bim. My object in penning tbia abort attiele, Mr. Editor, ia to call iha attention of yourself snd others, who. like me, are subject to tbe viaits tiona ef tbete emaivoroM bipeds, to tbe grow ing evil, snd by co-eperatieo, to devias mesne to sbsle it. If s msn stests my wstrh, be ia liable loin dictment he ia amenable to tbe lew be ran be punished. Cut be may come, day after day. and rob me of that which ia of muck greater value, aad 1 have ao remedy ; unlet 1 become myaelf tbe maker and executor ef mine own laws, snd I would not be st all aurprised if Ibis should sems dsy be tbe esse. Do you net think it a fit subject for Irgiststivo sriiosf Whet Ihiak you ef a law, that would compel every man to mind bia awn business to chew his own tobacco, aud have soma place of his own toatay in I Or ef a law that would put loafera on tba aavae fooling oawolveaand wild cats, giving bounty for their ears t Io thia Utter case, so independent fortoee might aeuo be made varny of tbera having ears to , that one pair, by jodirie-ue cult tag, might draw o doses booatiea. With this suggestion, submit lbs case to jeu, and jour readers. H J.SJSJ , U i. .... a.JJi l..ir: . Correepoudeace of tba Sunbvry American. - - tan Philadelphia. . CetUMSt Hoiac, Feb. tO, 1817. y BtiaiMtea pur merchants predict a larger and aafee bosinesa thia Season, than has ever been dona U thia handsome city. In dry gods, the greateat activity, and tht very best of feeling sxiata. Already a goodly number or Western aud Sooth Western men are here, and tbey will purchase largely. t. The Spring sty lea are mostly new and exceedingly beautiful, and, what is far better for tbe purchaser and consumer, all kinds of dry goods are cheap'. Even at tbia early day a great deal ofbualle (eaeoso that word!) anay be observed in all our principal business streets, t rejoice to be able to record ao happy a atate of tbinga in the face of all tbe '-dire iliatreaa" and 'blue ruiu" predicted by the far-seeing whigs Along our wharves evidencea of industry, enter prise snd prosperity stare us in tbe face; veaaela are discharging and taking in cargo ; draymen are "op ?o their eyes" in bnses and bales ; merchants and clerks hurry to and fro ; the river is almoat free from ice. and trade unchecked. Flour re taina its extravagant price; speculators are on the very tip toe of antiety for the next foreign arrival in a ls-ord. everything looks well, is well, and, 1 hope may loi g continue well. Ccators Of &Ka A large mercantile house n Edinburgh sent out ao order bv the 1at stea mer to an extensive firm here.Iir frit) larrthrf tnvth, as they did not know how to make tlere ! Good housekeeper will laugh st that queer order. rsnsoNat.. I saw your warm friend Judge Rurnti'lt, the other day. He was in good health and excellent spirits. The judge ia rrcard.'d here as a sound jurist, clear sighted and forcible, and a most exemplary man. Fashiom Equestrianism i the leading i'a ture with us now. On sny fine afternoon, score of hamUome ladiea, with gallant and attentive cavalier, may be seen upon the road. Tbe la dies w.ar crimped ruffles eery high in the neck bound with velvet or ribbon High heel'd ahoe are coming into general use among the ton ; tboy are made as narrow as possible in the shank, an broad at the toe. In manv cases theae ahoea are constructed of the finest French patent leather In my next letter I will give you tb early Spring fashions for ladies. ' Mortality lie city has been unusually tickly for tome werk past, but we are getting better. The deaths lait week were 1 17 : adult .17 children CO. Cominmption 10; inflammation of the lunca 16; couvnlaiona 6 ; scarlet fver 6 apoplexy 3; still boind; old ag4 10. Scarlet fever ha raged fatally, but it is subsiding. Tui Wt. Philadelphia haa done her ahar of tbn work, nob'y. In addition to the larg force new on its way to Mexico, tbrie new com naniea are nearly ready for the atart. One has been raised by Captain Butler, one by Capt Waddell, and another by Captain Sid lie. It i expected tbat theae will receive marching or iter this week. A number of othersareanx'oua to do aomethirig for the country, but Mr. Polk will rot give them a chance. I know of several in dividoala who would serve ss Captaina, Majora Colonels or even aa Generals, but their prospect for distinction is alun, indeed. Pomiicai It is a settled thing that Mr Shunk will be re-nominated. Irvin will be tb candidate of Ihe Whig party. If the frienda Mr. Sbunk arc true, Irvin may be beaten. I can not conceal tbe fact, however, mat there ia se rioua disunion in tbe democratic ranka ia tb county yet care and management may and will remedy tbia. PcarrjMtav The famous Eugene Roossel still hard at work in bi laudable and almost successful endeavor to perfume the whole eont nent ef America. Enterprise, tact, bbrrality and intelligence are making a great fortune fo thia highly deserving msn. Success to-him ! Mcsie I ought to call tbe attention- ef your lsdirs to Iha fart that Cuneoaf jtfyc'a Fiaoe ar regard d as rqnal to the very beat now in use They wear longer, srs of greater power, sweeter tone, snd sre much cheaper than any others mad in this country. Ibeie instruments sre im meneely popular, both at the Sooth and West. . Tax Wbatrk. On Sunday night we had s miniature snow storm, but the bright sun of Monday diove it swsy with warmth, and left os wretrhed walking in it stead By tbe-by, it is plain to be seen that Old Sol is rot to be trifled with ; he ia beinning to make himself known and felt ! PsnxsTiVAfttA Railsoao.-Wsnt of room com pels ms to omit soma cmieus and rather inter eating spat alatiena ander tbit brad. I mat go into detail in my uegt. . . Com-mbia Hodsb. Send si I yenr friends ta Ibis excellent establishment. Very truly, EiscraoTrrs. Tub SitL vo'Scrrasss Gamuuko, which has ysssedans House of our Stste Legislators, make gambling a penitentiary effi nee, and authorise the officers of tbe lew to break open bouae to sesrch for gambling spparatua. upon the oath ef any person made for the purpose before lb Jus tic of Ihe Pesce, and sho subjects the offender to heavy fines for bresrbes ef tbe law. If sny person shall invite another to a place ef gambling, be shall be held personally responsible for a'l lea ses tbs person tkus invited shall sustain, and be fined not exceeding five haadrcd dollars, nor lcr( than fifty dollar. Congrem he passed s la wallowing t bos States which were admitted into the Union prior to the 31th April, 1610, to tax tbs lands of nea residents lying In said States to tba same extent at if tbey were owead by citigrns. Tbs town of Cbsrlrstewo, at a epersl town meeting, voted flMO to tht Masaacbaaalts re giment of voloateers. Tb iocraoao of population Io Illinois dorlng the bat f vs yeara boa Vcea 110.331. The pep- oiatiaa of the itata sow is K3,8a " -: - - From the Danville Democrat Extract of letter from Dr. Faicg to a gent man in Ibis town dated. . , k '. Cams Jacobon, Mba Jitw Oblxaus, I January a let, 1847. f My dear fritni t ' O, ; O O - y wiTI perceive we ore now encamped on the b tie ground where old Hickory mot and defei.1 the English under ' Paebeehanr. There are tteM msn stories, relative to aaid battle, a no the preaent inhabitants and I have no dot many leaves have been aeat to Danville, said be frua too trees which grow over tbe piers nterment uf the remains of General Paekr ham; but, from the best information tjeuo ther, it ia preoekle ' they were interred' a bo three miles from Tbie place. W bad a very on plea win t trip hem Danvil to thia place, having rain nearly tbe whole tin and ss for the Ohio and Mississippi and thecou try on their banks, tbere can be but little si in their favor. I must say that I was much d appointed in the country along said rivers, un we reaihed the southern part nf Miiip Nearly the whole river coast ror.sista of swam or large bluff, not scaceptibl of cultivate However, in the southern part of Miisissir and the whole of Louisiana, the country is ve beautiful and tba improvements sre good, think the sugar plantations are much to be pt ferred to tbe cotton. O O o The place are encamped is mud about two inchea in depi and almost-as adhesive a shoe maker's wat, that it i impossible to keep either our tents ourtetvf clean ; and our men complain a grr deal, much more than tbey should; tbe mc of th-m, I be'ieve, exp-rted to live on roat, turkey, Venison and ponnd cake. " For my pari get alon quite as comfortably as I anticipate Imagine you see me sitting on a box or on bunch of hy, with a mtdnr't button.'' alias hard cracker, with a piece of Ut pork toaM hefoie tbe fire on it, anda tin cupof coffee, wit nut sugar or cream in it, by my ide. : this my breakfast, dinner and supper snd I feel bealthy aa I have ever felt, and about as w contented. Our men enjoy good health ; son one or two bave had alight colds, and diarrha but nothing serious ; bu twlat is singular to m a great many Mmns'pp ans, who are encamp' alongside of us, are dying. I do not know of wh disease. They have no inrgeon, snd in that t pect we are on a par. I have as much medic practice as I can attend to, as there are but tv I hyiicidiis in the regiment, one a private in t1 Cameron Guards, and myIC We had a po mortem examination yesterday, ou the body J. F. MoTr;ouv, formerly from the neighbo hood ofMunry. wbo was, I believe, murden in his tent en Monday night. He was shot wi a musket ball and three buckshot, on the sup rior part of tha shoulder, passing down, frsct ring the clavicle and ribs and entering tbe bin; lie waa a member of Ihe Irish Greens, fro Pittsburg. We are expecting daily leave lb s for Tamp'co nr Point Isab l, w know not which I have been much di appoint-d in not fin-ling aome lettera or papers : thia plar form. wrote a number of lelte from Pittsburg and atoag tbe river and 1 er from Oilcans. A letter in answer from yc would be very acceptable at any time. I cai not promise to be very punctual in my co.re pondence to Danville, aa we have not tbe neee sary conveniences for writing with pleasure. R member me kindly to all inquiring friends, an accept the best wishes for your welfare and ha pines, of your friend. C. II. FRICK. The Duller Bill," so called, to enable Ih State of Indiana to pay tbe principal of her ptil lie debt, h is passed both, hmwes of the Leffieh tur.i and is a law. Indians. I, from hencefurtl a debt paying Stste I Dr. Hunt, ef Washington City, takes groan sgainsl the use of tbe new expedient of ctberei vapor ta avoid fan in surgery. He give a aum her of instances of its bad consequences. Mines of lend, copper, silver snd qnlchailve have been discovered in Cslifornia. The quirk silver mine ar 70 mile north ef Monterey, an 10 mile from San Jose. Tarn hav been cultivated ia Jefferaon eoan ty, Ky , with aucce. Tbey are conaidered a excellent aubatitut for the potato. A lad aged 13 years committed (uirid b; hanging himself, in Middletown, Cl , en Frid t. He bad been taken from bed by bia falhei and punished a short lime before. A cnop ob Hon Andrew Stewart, a dis tinguiahed member of Congress from Pennsylva nis. b recently paid a viait to Lowell. Her late in a letter to the fauieuwr(Pa )Ormecra tbe following anecdote! In lookieg Over the pay roll or nets boob, which I accidentally picked up from the table, I found on twenty-aeven consecutive page, con- taking eight hnndred signatures, nearly alt girls, but a a ngle one 'bat made a mark or X. all writ ten iu a good, and many of Ihem in a most ele gant hand. The clerk obeerved tu me that Lord Morpeth, when on a viait tu thia coonlry, iams yesrs Sgo, happened to be present on pay dsy, snd with sems surprise observed t "What f do yenr operatives write V 'Crrtsinty, ir. saij tb clerk. 'Ibe Americans sll writ.. Directly there came in a men who made bis mark. Ah:' aaid bia Lordkhip witha emile, 'J thought jot aaid all wrote. AH Jlmtriemnt, yoor Lordship tbia was so Bglima. . Whmepeo his Lordship grinned a ghostly mile." A Cue or OuU AW Tsks on author homo to dinner with yno every day. 7" On mint Stm4 tver aWi Jo CmilUm. fioo, The inkataad. - - A Fmctmp CiVr. Flowsrs, for the most part, shot about twilight. A geod example 4 eel by this 'oar? cJooipf eov0M0L'i9ua'