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TERMS OP TIH2J AMERICAN."
H. B. MAS9KR, . ) Ptratisaaae ash JOSEPH EISELY. PnoriiiSToas. . u. a. Msaisn jedUw. ,'...4 Ojice in Centre Alley, in the rear of If. Mas Mt'n Slie.) ," ' THK" AMERICAN" iliVubflihVd f Vf ry fatnr. dsy Hi TWO DOLLARS per annum to be paid half yearly in advance. No paper discontin uod till Ait arrearages are paid. 1 No subscriptions received for less period thin six moth. All communication or letters on business relating to the nffleB, to Insure attention, nun bo POST PAID. H, Ba XslASSER, ATTORN BY AT LAW, SVXTBTjmT. PA. ' Business attended to in the Counties of Nor thuml erland, Union. Lvcoming and Columbia. : Refer to I ' P. & A. Fbvofbt, t'l Lows Si Banno, 8omkss A. Hwonoaiss, ! Rifnoitii, McFaatAwn &i Co. Rrsaiwo.Oevin &. Co., ' CITY ATJCTIOIT STORE, Xo. 31 North Third treel, . , '(llta THK CITI BIITt.) PH XL ADBI.PHI A. C. 0. M A C K E Y, Auctioneer. TO COUNTRY STORK KEEPERS. I "EVENING SALES of Hardware, Cutlery, 2J Saddlery, Whip. Boots, Shoes, Hsts, . ... Cap. Guna, . Pistol. Clothing, . Watches and Fancy Gmds, At Mrkey 'a Auction Store, 31 North Third atreet, new the City Hotel ' ' The attention of Country Mivchante ia invited. The Good will lie a Id in 'lota to suit purchaser, and nil Good offend will be warrao'ed equsl to the presentations that may be made rfthem. ' N. B. A large assortment of Good at Private Sale. ian. I. t4T ty CHEAP. WATCHES. The Cheapest Cold nn.i Silver Watches LN PlIlLADm.l'IIIA. jgTIOT.D Lever, fall Jewelled, Silver do. . do. ; Gold Lepines, Jewelled, . ,. Silver do. do. Silver tjusrtiors, fine quality, " 4)iild Welches, plain, -Silver Hpectaclea, Gold Pencils, . . Gold Bisceleta. JI5 00 s.1 no so 00 15 00 10 00 15 00 1 75 2 00 4 00 Also, on hand, a Wire n. Tttn-nt of tfMd and Hair Bracelets, fincer tins:, breast ina. hoop ear ring, gold pen, ilver pnon, augar tontr. thim ble, gold neck, curb and f.b chnine, gunrd key and jewellery of every description, at equally low prices. All I want i a cjM to convince cuxto mer. All 4einda of Watehea and Olocka repaire-l and WHtmnted to keep good time for one year ; old gold or aitver bought or tkn in exchange. . For aale, eight day and thirty hour bra rlork, t LEWIS I. A DOM US' Watch, C4o.k and Jwelte y Store. No. 413J Mnrket atreet, above Eleventh, north aide, Phila phia. dj I have aome Gold and Silvei Lever, still much cheaper than the above price. Philadelphia, Dee. t. 184B. 1 To The 1. 0. 0CO. F.' J. W. & E. D, STOKES, Manufacturers of Premium Odd Fel lows' Regalia, AV. 194 Jfrei SlreeJ, PHILADELPHIA, Firat Clothing Store below 6th Street. THE ubcriher tiaving taVen the premium at Franklin (ntitaie, at the ll exhibition, for the let Regalia, thev invite the attention of the order to their eildihment, where they will find a rp'endid aortment of P. G. ami Enrninpmeiit Re galia. They alr-o make l oriler for !.xhsr mil drrampmente. Kega'ia. Sashi. ((m and Kobe, and furnixh every thine requiaite for the c. im'iiiencc of new Lolgf or Vim ampmenr. J. W. STOKES, E- D.ST'iKES. Philadelphia, Dee. 19, 184B. Iy lkTBkjCaT" ' AUCTION STORE. No. G North 3d st., third door , above Market Street, PHILADELPHIA, tfALE EVERY EVENING, .if a general a a enrtment of Foreign and Domestic Hardware, Tabid and Porket Cutlery. Trunk, Lock, Latcheta, Uolt. uw, SaJtllery, btpa,- 1 Boots, rboa, Hata, Cai. Guna, Piatola, Tnmmion, CMbiug and Fancy GimWI. The attention of city and country dealer i io vtted. The Good are frevfa, and wilt be warranted eipial to the representation tlut may be made of tin m. UAVLIS & BKOOKEK, Xtcnrr, No. 6 North Third t. N. B. Purehaanta ran have their Good parked. Several invoice of Good ba kta received ta be atdd at piivate valo. . , Philadeifhia. D-e. lath, lM6.1y C'oiinlerrller' DEATH BLOW. nhe pul4ic will pie od nerve that no Brandieth - Pill are genuine, unleaa the lx ha three la bel upon it, (the Uis the ile and the bottom) t4-h containing a fue-aimilt aignalure of my hand writing. lhu U. UatTK. M. D- TH la- bel-aie eviaraved on tel beautifully designed, and done at an eipeime nf over f 2.000. Therefore it will be een that the ouly thing nerry to pro cure the medicine in ita purity, i to observe the iahel. . ...... Remember the tojs the i,le, and tlra boltum. The following respective peraon are duly auibi.ri ed, and hoM OZKTXrZOATSS of AGrzroT . For lb aale of tiranitreik's Vegetable Vmverta, . '. Northunibeilatid county t Milton Mickey & ChambeiHn. Hunhury H. B. Masser. M'Eena- ville .Ireland A Meixell. Nodhuratiland Wm. Fontytb. Georgetown J. A J. Wall. j . Union County! New Berlin Bogar & Win. ter. Setinagro George Gundium. Midtlle burg Isaac Smith. Beavertown David Hubler. Adamaburg Wm. J. May. Mitflinabaiit Meaeeh ot Ray. HarUeloo Daniel Long. Freaburg G. A F. C. Moyer. Lewiaburg Walla A Green. Columbia county 1 Danville E. B, Revoalda A Co. Berwick Shuman A Kittenhouae. Cat tawieaa C. G. Brobts. Bloomlurg John R. Mnyer. Jetaey Town Levi Biael. Washington Kobt. MrCay. Limestooe BaU! t M:t-ch. Obeerve that each Agent ha an Engraved Cer tificate of Agency, containing representation ol lir BRANDRETH'8 Mantaaclory at Sing Sing, and upon which will atao be aeen. exact copiea of the new lubelt mow we4 upon tki Brmndreth Pitt Boxet. , Philadelphia, office No. 8, Nmtb 8th atreet B BRANDKETU, M. D a Jtint 81th, 1843, BUMWM Absolute acquiescence In the decisions of the By Manser A. Elncly. . CSOTEIlKOtl'S MESSAGE; TV (he Senate anijfnuer of Rmrencntatisei r nf the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Fl ' ' ' "' r..j-'i " ' ' . . VI'HI tUUtH I ?.! ' 1 ? . A I . ! tt.l.l " The policy of ipci rporttin; minmp, tnanufar hiring, transporting and other conipantca, Ibr piirptwpg appropriately within ttidividiial compp. tency, hia been mirlydiacuaed 1 and, cuided by the une rrinjr dcinonatrationa. that the enter prieea are moat eiicccaa'ully and bein ficially conducted, under the control of. individual re aponaibility, the public opinion haa been exprea ed in the aplrit nf the age inr wliich we live, a gainst the policy. 0 " " While all the great departmenleof bnaineaa in Ihe Commonwealth are pmepernualy conduc ted, under free, and equal competition, there are yet aome men, who eeem to. eland anil, while the world ia going onward around litem, and whncherieh the antiquated notion, that the timid, contracted ' and aelnVh aggregation of wealth, under the protection of corporate) pri vilcgee, ia preferable for the tratiaart on of buei TiPfd, to the tree ardent and bounding capnbtltttea nf individual enterprize: a power ainre Wil. Iram Penn arrive! on theae ahnrea, in 16H2. hna changex! an imtnerne wildemeaa ' into fruitful fietda, and h1 in this march nf civilization and improvement, provided for the want, the com fort, .tm edecartnn and refinement, of, lwo.mil KonaofiTee people.' What have cni-porationa done in thi great achievement ! Where are hn tnvMiKMi if ttipie rrpnemn nirit. thrir valnr utiiitvl Thev are behind tho timea they belong to an age tnat ta 01. 1 ne time was, in oltirr countriea. where all the right of ttie people wero naurped bv rleepotio povern mentf. when grant by the kins; to a portwirt of hie subject, of enroporate privileges, to carry on trnne. or lor municipal ptirposfc, was a par r ia T enfranchiHement, and made the mean of re timing aome ol their civil righta. ' Theft aw) there, corporations had merita, and were cher ished by the friend of I berty. But, in thi age and country, under our free system, where the people are sovereign to grant special privileges, it ia an inversion of the order of thin?. It is Mil to restore, but to take away from tho people, their common rights, end give them to a SVw. It ia ogo back to the dark ages for instruct ion in the science of government, ars;! having found an example, to wrest it from ita original pnrpo.e, and to mike it the instrument nf restoring the inequality nA despotism, which its introduc tion tended to correct The fallacy that, where large investments are required to carry, on a profitable business, (and corporators do not associate lor that which ia unprofitable,) individual means are inade quate, ig everywhere refuted. in this happy country. ,..'.. Further, by cherishing any particular biii- netg, and surrounding it with special privileges the natural law, which secures to every branch ot business ita appropriate encouragement and reward, ta violated, lender this law, so kindly provided by II ni whorulesall things, every indi vidual man, onlrauiineled by the curses nfbad government, gnided by his moral and intellectu al powers a nii Ins religious principle, advances his own happiness and improves bin owp condi tion , and, thus, the happinei-s and prosperity of all are promoted. Every effort to tnoil fy or subvert this sovereign law, by placing' classes, professions or callings beyond ita control, lias hilhurti), and ever will, like every other trans grefitiktn, be destructive of good. If our free instiMitinns are riglit if it is right that all men should be he'd equal if this is the law of our nature, enstamped by Him who made 11a, then every human Uv whi-h iuipairs equally, is radically and intrinsic al'y wrong. 1 ha Report of the Cannl Commissioner will furnish information, in detail, in regard 10 the public work. Notwithstanding the. iiitcrrun tmni ol business t xperienced during the year, the gratifying result is presented, ol a large in crease of tolls over any preceding year: The increased and increasing value ol these great works, render them an object worthy of pe culiar care and protection; and must, forever negative the idea of the Slate surrendering the control over thrtn, to corporation. The Pennsylvania railroad cianpany, tieve Commenced the construction nf their road, b. I ween this pi ice and the city of Pitteburg, un der very favorable auspices. The Eastern di vision is now under contract as far as Lewis town, and it is expected Ihe remaining portion ot it, as tar as Udlidayburg, will ba put under contract during the ensuing Spring. The com pletion of Hits great public work, even to lloll'i dayebiirg, will augment the trade and travel upon the Philadelphia and Columb a road. This prospective increase of busineis, urges the ne cessity of considering the means of avoiding tne inclined plane, at the Schuylkill. A the PhtWelphia and Columbia railroad, is the important link which connect the main line nf our public improvements, aa well as the North snd West hranch cinals, with the com mercial metropolis of the tftate, snd upon the control and management of which Ihu value nf our csnals mainly depend, every thing which n lutes to it, is of the highest concern lo the in terest nf he C 'intnnnwelth. In adopting mea sure In chango it route, so a to reach the city without passing - Ihe inclined plane, the greatest circumspection and care should be ob served, to secure the best location prsct'cable, and to protect Ihe Slam against exorbitant cUim tor damages.' No change of ' location should be sanctioned, until (lie whole question is esrefii.Hy examine!, by one or more ot the moat cotnpeient engineers, who are entirely free from a!l interest in ilia decision. Under M cireumslaneea, should soy plan r arrange, men! be entertained, by which the States would for a s ugle moment, be deprived of (he owner ship snd entire control of Ihe road. The report of the Auditor General, snd Slate I reasurer, present, in detail, the financial oper ationenfthe year; and I take pleasure in say ing, that the industry, ability, and fidelity, with which Iheae departments have been administer ed, are deserving of the highest comment! slim. The Commonwealth has heretofore sustained mi ny losses, by the deity ol the settlement of accounts, and the omiaHtn In enforce the pay ment of Ihe balances found due when settled Within the last few years, many old accounts nave oecn noaiiy settled, ma suic brought and AND SHAMOKIN JOURNAL. - majority, the vital principle of Republic, fiom which Siinbiiry, If orthumberiaiid Co.In.8atnrdayi Jan. 15, ts IS. prosecuted lo Judgment, and fxculion, tor ba-1 estate itr nne-fliltd of Ihe real estate,' aflit the lances of long Handing, rmbracing the terms of -payment rT all the debts and, if Ihe estate Is several admrstratiotia -"-This! has, in many in- i r.oi sullieienl trt the paymenrft' tne di bis.'sl.e stances, -produced' cases of extreme hardship 'tnoses ill. But the' wile Cattmrt rnrtimber the u;oa.bail,sinerwhnm have butt Compelled tva I estate tle holds' in htrown figl.t.atid upon to pay . Ihe tw Unices round due, with Ihe sccu- her death, 'ffte 'whole' vests In Ihe hubband, du tiiulated inf rest, aflei the juslvcncy pf their ' ring hie natural life. ' ' " principals arm eo-sim t.rs.., .. .. I am gra'tfied in being able tossy, that the hotiness Imposed rrpon the accounting oflicers, by a special act el assembly, in eidtectipg these old le bis, has not ouly beep faithfully performed but that the current business has been prompt ly attended to,, and kept up- To -enable the n. oi.or vreu- mroower, ,u cnrn.nue . .0 . lull iiistu-e In the interests nf the State, and a I J . . , . , - . 1 i'en. at trie stneot her litihrmnn, ns equal in ?lTfhn ,T:?,r;V::,0n ' ""de f' -"'Innilv. Then why sho tld he?riohfs to pay addilional clerk litre. , . , . , tS proprr,y , ,ft g great extent, controlled hile on thin subject, I , would respectfully by . ibe contracted and illiberal enactments ot invite attention to the organization ol thetH- I n ape when her husband washer lord.and be ces of ihe Auditor General and Stote 1 reasurf r, mir-tit ct.as'ise her, bv I vw, as ir she were a ser in ascertain whether the regulations and checks f Our la w ' very carefully prov-des. that exihting, are sufTicient, in all respects, lo secure the hoeband shall not', without the lormal con a proper accountability, and protect tint iiiit-.'.nl his wife, cmvev h's real estste by deed, rests o? the Commonwealth. Il is true,, that , bar her right nf dower, and if thi con the public has for many years sustsined no Ins- ,rnt jB , gIVf,f hl.r ritr,, ;H pr,pC,P,, ater ses by the I'reasnry. but. I apprehend that Ihe ,, d,;,, Cainst theclxims of his creditors. laithUilneps ol the sgenle, bsving cJ.arg of Now. if this be a sound principle, and worthy of theae departments, and not the checks prnvid.-d ,., ,0Pmn. Mnr.)inna it hsa received I mm the by the law. haa produced this result. Th'S tea llMure and Ihe Judieiarv, why should it propitotis period for Instiinting sn examination nni he extendi d. snasm preserve to the wWow ot the subject, particularly as tne present wor- j,er dower, in all case, where thn husband has thy rifbcer hold en large a share of the publ.c ,,, oniT (,y ,te,.d) bllt hv otr,,rmo,ne, sanction confidence.. Since the establishment of Ihe ; rrf by the law. disp-ml of Ins real estate, with present system, Ihe finances of Ihe stste have . t the rormul consent of his wile! It the hu tncreasfd from a few hundred thousands, tonear- I bspd contracts 1I1 his. his real entate i- as . II- c ly foor millionaol dollars. annua'ly. The rcgu-i t,r transferred bvlhe law. for the nv of his Is.!, and chcks which were thrn considered , crrd,iors, as if he had eovveyed u by deed, with sufficient, may now be inadequate to protect the ; ,np f ,.pent of his wife . il us Ihe law. ht pr.v iniereats ot the Commonwealth, in its enlsrged f ml, nahh s Ihe husbi.pd. t y tuie mot'e ot irons aiirt increasing financial open. imps.. : . , fPf to bar Ms wife' dower, witi-out h-r con The Auditor General's office, lo be an fli- ! ppnif j, oroct ,rr right wi'h ihe gteiit cienl check upon Ihe Treasury, should be so : -Prt pertinacity, if te" sdopfs another 111.1I1. ..f orgsmz-d. that the Auditor General might , tr.tr. . the wiHowV rtuht ..f dower rod know, at all times, Ihe condition of the Treasn- j j onecase. as is nnivercaliy admitted, it ise ry, frmlhe books of his own office, without be- '.q,lB!y tsffwnl in the other, and ihe powrr of the lug dep. ml til 011 those of the Treasury. . If rand In tke it awry, by changing Ihe mmte errors or omissions exist in Ibe Treasury, the transferring the etate, i d.struciiv- of a Auditor General's books should detect and cor- 1 .n,,, ,nH v.elt ertnblised principle, and shoit'd n et them. This is nol the esse under the pre-; n rrrPBPH. This conelusion appear to me to sent organization and mode of doing business, be irresistible s and J, therefore, reci nmeml the HI the IWO office. j nnnsr-e nf ! spriiriid. lo -ionm-.l ui.inrn m atso occtiis io me, inai greater security a ginst Ihe misapplication of tooneys In Ihe Trea sury, and no deposit in the bank In the credit of the Treasurer, should be provided by the in stitution of some check upon hi draft snd pay ments. The moneys of the Commonwealth, on deposite to the credit of the Treasurer, varying in smnoot for i.nme ninnllis in the venr from ! four hundred thousand, lo near a mtlJiou of dol- lha s'dct of granting legislative divorces lnrs, s re subject to his draft alone, while he is ! These opinions have, been strengthened by fur only required to give security in ihe sum of rv' clion, end I shsll si h ic lo ll.cm. eighty thousand doitnre. Thus a very greatsnd . Tne rrBl purpiHM r whirl, the law ma dapgerous power is crn.fided lo one msn. ki1(, W09 c-.iabli. lied in Ihe Ckikiuoii- I. therefore, sungest the propriety of rcqui- I wealth, have been accomplished, tleni ral laws ring the Auditor Genera! to countersign nlH have been emitted, and have received the apprs dralis for the payment of money drawn by Ihe batmn of the people, lor securing the epj. y Treasury, 011 Ihe depositories, or for transfer- inetit of the life, the liberty, and reputation ot ring monies from one depository lo another. . j t!ie citizens, and for protf cling them in the bc The report of the Aljuiant General, exhibits : l'iiMt:nn. psession,hnd transmisfirn of proper the number of the militia of the Commonwealth, t lv- ' in the pursuit ot their own happiness, as well us Ihe ami and military atoree. T,,p touiidattuns nf good government being thus This detail shows the l nu nta of military ' , the lime ot the Genem! Assembly, si ita power of the Commonwealth the lreiith of a Republican (invr rniiicnt. The experience ol the lust few years, has added proofs to the value of this institution, and presents Ihe subject, as one of grunt importance, to the care and super vision of the Legislature. The report of the Superintendent of Common Schools, exhibits s full view of the prngressand steady advancement, ol our admirable system ot Common School iosrrurtion, which is diffu sing its bbssinga to the rising generation, and strengthens all pur free instilutiona. The man who loves his race cannot find a more delight ful subject of Contemplation, than this univer sal provision for Ihe education nf all the chil dren ot the Common wealth; anil thna arming them with knowledge ar.d power, and fitting them for maintaining the rank and dignity of freemen. I ho perfection ol the system, ts one of the noblest objects ot legislation, snd will se- cure Ihe esrly anil continued attention of the General Assembly. ou are rnspecitully referred lo the report ol Ihe Surveyor G'-pcral, for information ill rels,- i ion 10 the operations of the Land tillire, dunog the past year, by which it will be seen, the re ceipts into Ihe Treasury, from that source, have been increased. , The final Geological report, now finished and ready for the press, has been deposited by Hen ry I). Rogers, Esq. Hie State Geologist, with the Secretary of Ihe Commonwealth. This re port ia represented lo contain a general and sci entific view ol all Ibe Rocky strata, and their contents J heir order ol arrungeinetit, and Ihe region of cnuntiy they occupy, and representing, in detail, the situation ot every layer ot Cral, every important vein snd bed of iron ore, and every other mineral deposite, of utility, within Ibe state. I be a'ate hss expended a Urge sum, in collecting Ihe - materials, and informal ion. contained in tins elaborate ami extensive re port, which will be in great degree, loM, unless II is published, I therefore, recommend the subject ot publication lo Ihe eaily attention of Hie legislature. ............ The right ol . properly of married women, present, in my opinion, s proper subject ol le gislative consideration. Ily our laws, Ihe hus band tipna marriage, posses- ihe power of be coming lite absolute owner of Ihe personal es tate ni his wife, by reducing it into possess iop, and when bu thus acquires tins owneiship,' he may dispose pf it by will, at his death, In whom ne p ease, fine naa tne privilege, ny isw, ni renouncing Ihe ernste or property devised or bequeathed to her by will; snd upon such re nunciation, she is entitled to dower of her bus bmd's real estate, ol which he died seized. The wile hss no control of her own personal eaia'e, or ot that ol her husband during the marriage, unless it be an extorted allowance lor necessa lies; and at her death, she hss do power to dis pose ol even that which was ber own, by will ; but the whole belongs In the husband. The husband may encumber his estate, by contrac ting debts without the consent of his wife 1 and upon bis dying intestate, she is only entitled to the onc-lniiu of the personal csUle, and a hie A M31 A N f $ . - .:' av 7 s-s-r eve .- s r ' i rn there iV) pp af'(iut to force, the 'vital principle ; The icv! as well as the li.slice ,,f thiarfia- 1 tinclinn. made by Ihe law in, favor of the. bus bind, snd against the wife, may well be qtifs ITnricd. The liberal snd 1 n lightened sp rit o' Ihe age, ha developed and secured the rights nf .ff 9t snicf hits' HfedeeiUM wonn and rlevairtl li r, from the degrading position she occupied, sm, pWH her. where she always sh d hsv . . ... ;. - . ... -. .. ve their riyht of dower, in a'l esses where Ijie es tales of theii hu-hnnds are iransfi rri &. aflrr the pnssaee of the eel, without their formal consent In the annual mepsage, to the I'gi-liiture ot the last secfinn, snd inseversl nietsspis coplni- nipf rh 'C ioi'S to b'lls for niesnlvtpg marr'age Contract, I have expressed my opilMMI Upon j annuel sessions, n uioro occupied 111 providing tor Ihe coutingenriea llml arise in the progress of our afliirs, than in changing the organic laws, Bo is altes'rd by reference lo the annua1 onnctinen's of the Legislature, for some years past, but few general, wlnl a large number of local laws, have heen enacted. The tendency se.'tns to be to substitute special, for general le. girlat on ; a prac ice which may well bc regar ded aa of doiibtlul utility and it presents a question, which, in my opinion, deserves grav consideration. General laws, afTeetiiig the whole community, receive, jn their discussion. Ibe deliberate consideratii n of all the Repn sen lativeaoflhe people. That which intereslsall. arrests the attention, and secures the care and close investigation of all. Hence, general laws have impressed upon them, the wisdom, therx. perience, and Ihe judgment, of eviry member of Ihe Legislature. Having received thisi'elibrr- ate sanction, they usually meet wiih tho appro bat ion of the peoplu, and becomo permanent rules ot action. Thisreasonibleprae.iice.liiniis and siiuplih'-s the questKHiS submitted for legis lative discussion, is calculated In shorten the sessions, reduce the expenses of the government, snd give dignity and importance to the proceed- inga ot the tieperal Aseeinbly. On Ihe other hand, local legislstion excites no interest. A lew members, only, who reprf sent the county, township or borough to which the change ot the liw is proposed, are concern ed in arranging the provisions, and .being t often passed upon their request, those special acts are sent lorih, wnh all the imperfections w hich the wisdnm and deliberate e re of the Imlu body, if they had been general laws, would have corrected. The direct tendency ol this prscttce. is to multiply :bo demand tor lo cal laws-a demand which haa increased from year In year, lo art alarming extent, which n indiHtry nf the General 'Assembly will be uble within the lumt ol an ordinary session In salM ly, it the practice is continue,!. U it not tin praclicab'e, in a great S ti like I'onnsy'vania In provide special acta to meet all the dill- reu ami changing views ot the cit tens, ol every borough tow nship sndconr.ty 7 snd if this were practicable, would not the pdiry of ?d Wishing sp infinite variety nfdiflerent rule-, for the mis people.be exci roingly questionable, anil Hiiro- duce great confusion and uncertainty ' Ai.ui it not defeat one grear and tn'iirfloial ibjcf ol sound legislation, which ia permanency of ibe laws ! -Is there not true wiedmii, aiMl sound policy, in preserving and ttrerigthiug the unit of Ibe Cninoioiiwealth, and in maintaining uii lurm interests, cuoma and habits 1 It is true. there are shades of difference in tho condition snd local circumstances of the citizens, of sepe isle districts of ihe Slats ( but, men advanctn and impri yiog cootitry, where interctsiree is direct, and the social retat'ona of lite are so generally dinusrd, these will gradually and cer laiuly dispear under Ihe influence of general lawa. We are one people without reference lo nor ancestry, or the place of our birth. W art all I'rnnsyivaniana we have the same con atilulioii ot gomuuuut ibe Hi tug cvuqiu and immediaie parent of despotism. Jerrns-so. Vol. 8--X0. IT Whole Xo. 3M1 rights then n hy shoulJ we not have the same common laws! In conclusion, permit me to assure oit, pen ili men. that I s'isll meet hesrlily co eperate with vnu, in all your rflnrts lo ndvarxe our be loverf Conwiionwealth, and to promote the wel fare of the people. FilS. R SU'JMv. Fxrt'TIVB ChavibKR.' ) Hnrrisburg. January 5 lu18. Morkof thk Durici t.ty amomo thk OprieFns An evening' paper has t"lie following from a Wshington correspondent i "Officisl intelli gence has eir., T understand of 'he arrest of General Worth by Gs neral Scott The diflicul ly is believed to have Arisen out of the issue, by the commanding general, of the general order against letter writine.-' It appeared to be the general impression of the officers of the army in Mexico, that General Worth va allmled 1J a one of the 'vain, conceited ar.d envioua hero.' General Worth addressed a very respectful note to Geneial Scott, asking a fiank avowal from him, whether he must consider himself ebnox- ions to Ihe reproof conveyed in that order.j Gen. Scott evaded a direct reply, but answered the not. General Worth respectfully repeated the ri-qnest.' To this ii-cond note General Scott de- lined giving a more specific answer, and inform d his correspondent that he could not hold him self responsible for the inferences it might please the officers to draw from hi phraseology. ' Gen- ral Worth thereupon drew up a statement of the ntira correspondence between the rommander- n chief and h:nelf. nd addressed ii to the Secre iity of War, with remarks of his own as to the r just ice with whirh he had been treated, and ssnring the Secretnry that but for his regard to he public service, he should, file charge against eneral Scott This stalenifiif, directed as an pjwal to the Secretary of War, he sent unsealed o Genersl Scott, r--q'iesting him to transmit it Washington. Gen. Fcnft refused to forward t.'nt the request of'Geneta! Worth, but forth- vi jth put Gen. W. tinder arrest and reported him o the War Department for indolence to his su perior efflcer.' ke..' nd lo sustain the charges, ransmit thestatemept drawn up by Gen Worth. Thia iathe girt of the eonlwversey, as I "have it from good authority. 1 rannot undertake,' nf course, to give the exact language of document hat 1 have never e-en. No doubt the paper will be called for by Congress, and then- Ibe ruth will out. It is surmised that the govern nient may recall Seott." . A Vovi went at Tiir Capital of Mexico The follow ing notice sppi srs in the Star, prin- ed at Mexico. A fall The efTicrM of the American ar iny, the citizen attsclied thereto, Mexican citi zi ns, foreigiiers, and such other individuals as eel disposed, sre invited to meet in the Si'nafe ""hnn ber, at the National IVilaco, in Siurd-iy atterrven n' x, li ren her 4. at 4 o clock, I ., M for the purpose of wt'.'inj th preliminaries and liking stock in a contemptatcd railroad between the cny of Mexico and Vera Cruz and Ihe in termed iate points. Many of the cit.Z'nsof the Umted States having indicated a determination to occupy the territory of M' xco, it is expected hat the spirit of internal improvement, hi' her- o unknown in thiscountiy, will be called forth." There were bn' few Mexicans pr- sent, but one d them stated that he was thereto represent some four nr five others, srid pledged h'me!', should the secwrity of Ihe undei taking be inani fested, to raife n'tui millions of subscriptions for the stock at once. After this, w ho will say we Yankees are not a crest people ! (Uron Von Urosk, of the Prussian army, who distinguished himself at the National Ri idge in August last, by his courage and skill, una! also in thcengapi ments which afterwards took place before the corumsnd under Msjor lastly rescind Jalaps, has arrived in New Or leans from Vera Crt z. The Dolts spesking of hun says. ' ' The Huron waa wounded in the hip ; at the head nr two companies took a fort at Iho Ns- tional B idge ; ami was of great use to Msjir Lally throughout. He came to this country by permission of the King of Prussia, to serve half nf the persona cmpl ijeJ in pi.b'ic snd pri wiih our army in thv Mexican Campaigns, vste establishment have been laid up. Ouona General Scott, to whom hebriught letters, trt sli d him with tnarkrd attention in the city of Mi x'teoi and invited hint lo j Tin the itafl. The fli'htiog being over for Ihe present, acd Ihe Rirnn's absence from Prussia being necessarily limited, he will occupy the remainder ot this time in visiting Cuba, and afterwards the Uni ted States, on bis return home. ' ;lJ j '., ...-.4.. ill- . ' -1 1 , Dkatu Of LiniT. KiiMJitv. The news of Ihe di alli ul Lieut. A. ltsJgely ia confirmed by letter published in Rilumore from Vera Crue. A letter Ailed Vera Cruz, Iee. til, stales that he waa killed in an action with Ihe Mexicans su-H.it the n:u ot November, at 1 small town called Matamoros, shout fitly unit from Puebla. The letter adds t He was serving as Adjutant General to General I Ant, and when he fell was displaying the gallantry or b:s pirn and rsce, in. leading trust tn him. 11 n) trouble bk upynurcon a cbsrgo agaiust the riiemy, iu which he sun. I fijence in hi goodfg,. JVii eve that Us w ill lained Ihe boo or of his ancestors, and proved himself worthy of his comrades. , Lieut. Uhlge- iv i avrs a wife gnJ tnieo cuuaftft. ' rnirE)or,4iTrfiTfSixtB. I square I insertion, . fO 8) I ih 8 dft ' 0 75 I &o - ... 1 na Rvery subseqaenl inseriK.e, ' 8S , Yearly Advertisement! one column, $ 25 I h.lj column, f 18, three (qtiares, fl3$ two squsres, f ; onS square, f-V Hslf-yearly 1 one column. l ; half column. 18 1 three sqrares, f two square, (5; one1 equate, f 3 60. Advertisements left without directions ss to th length of time they sre to be ruhlihed, will t-e continued until ordored out, and charged accord inglv. fjjSixtecn line or less make square. 1 I A FaiiiitTrt t, and IIoRatBts Scfm. The Cin cinnati Commercial has the following acronnt of the frightful scene on board the A. N. Jobason, after the explosion : The explosion blew awsy the bailers. lesi'Cne; the furnaces snd fir partly exposed, and mi'f of the cabin fell in. Passenger when they open ed their atate room door, rushed to wberu th cabin had been sunk amidst ths flames, wh.'eh had seized on the fallen timbers of th eab'u Mr. S S. Sanders, of this city, who was, on ac count of the crowded atate of the cabin, lying on. Ihe floor of the soclsl ball, at the time of ths ex plosion, fell with ths cabin on the deck, and in tbe fall Ihe timbers of the csbin fell on his legt. which prevented bim from rising or doing any thing. The boat took fire, which was momentarily approaching him, and while lying in thia condi tion he saw several perish in the flames, their hands extended for aid and shrieking with acony and despair; but there were none to help them. As the fire approached the horses tied on th forecastle became wild with affright, and com menced kicking, rearing and plunging. In this wild excitement the timbers which held Mr. Sanders were so removed as to liberate bim, when he srose and approached the side of the. boat next to the stream, and seeing the river full of ice he caught up a wet blanket, threw it aiound. himself, and rushed through the (lames to the op posite side, and made his escspe to the shore, which was overlooked by a high and perpendicu lar bank. After walking some distance slonj shore he resched a place where he gained the summit, and seeing a house he proceeded to it. When he got in he was going to throw himself upon the bed. but was prevented by the woman.. of the house. Immediately Dr. Gillespie carr.tj in, snd attempted to throw himself on the bed. but was prevented also. He sunk on the floor almost lifeless, and expired soon after being ta ken to Maysville. , , We will here state that tho frightful appear ance of Mr. Sanders and Dr. Gillespie soaLumed th woman that she hardly knew what she was doing, and there were two children in the lej. As soeu a her senses rallied, she reTooved the children, made up a good Cre, r.tul cont;iL'titi;(! to the extent of her power to t'uc relief of the suf ferers brought there, -The scene of hurt-rending agony on boaid the boat waa iiuiesrnb'.ble. I'tu-re were tbe dead and dying in iUmrM bursting from every part of tbe bout thu sV.iieks of men as they sank into the flimea to rise no more the wild fright of the horses all conspi- led to render the scene beyond the power of lun euage to depict ; but the agony of those who pe rished instantly by the explosion, sunk into the flames and were thrown into the water to rije no more, were short, snd their fate we could almost say pref-rahle to some who survived their flesh burnt to s coal and peeling, from their bones. In the mic'st of suffering the most acute that Ihe hu man frame can endure, men in tbe depth of their agony were begging to be shot, calling for axe and other instruments by which they might end their sufferings. On the shore and in the adja cent cornfield were to be seen the most frightful spectacles. Heads, trunks, limbs snd every port of the human frame, tern from ths other parts snd in fragments scattered around. Mr. McKeon, of New Votk, the friend of Ei- atiop Hughes, will, it is said, receive the appoint ment to Rome. I . , Tne Memoirs or a King It is stated that Louis Phiilippe bas been engaged for some time in writing, during all bis le sure moments, a work in the shspe of a Memoir, tbe title of which he calls .Vess Stiurenb t, Louis Pwurra entered on ths 6th ofOitob-r last upon his 75th year, having been born on the 6th of October, 1773. TUB CGLSSIATKD Coi'NTESS Gl'ICClOLI, the fiiend of Lord Byron, is about to be married to . tbe rich and eccentric Marquis de lioissy. Tnt lNiLirZA Throughout the length and breadth of the British isles has this epidc- mic been raging, aa well as in most parts of the I continent of Europe. In London, pearly one dsv alone there were 1"?0 clerks and others ab I sent from the Pott office, and lvitX) of the police 1 force were off duty. In the country, all claesea have suffered from it. How to orr kid of Cams.- It you laugh your carta away, they will be aur? to come back agsin. Il you strive to drown them, yoa will find them amphibious. They will snaw r in the muddy waters of intemperance, and inul- tipTy a thousand fold. The belter way to get rid of care is to ait down ealmly and eool y, and rerli et upon the cause of it. If the cnv.se can be removed, see thst it is done immediately. If it arises trom any bsd htbit of your own, sect I that tho habit may be conquered, cost what ef. fort it msy. If ft be an iinsvfitdab'u trouble then there is only the remedy ; 'Cast your care on the Lord, for he ca.eth fir you.' That i I at last bring got, o of evil, and light put of darkness and I et thia orelort you wbvn Mty 1 11111)? also lait s. fit ran 7Vumur,.