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i i i - I fc SI IL.ll G iX fcw i&N m sffl 11 1 si wt li II II IE 11 I Irs F3 I tfcil IT'S "J II Jl tJ . a niRKER, Editor and Proprietor, j TODD UUTCUINSOHf, Publisher. VOLUME 3. DIRECTORY. ttsrXKtO EXPRESSLY J"0B "TttB ALLEOHANIAM. JAST OF POST OFFICES. Post Offices. Benn's Creek, bethel Station 'Carrolltown, 'Chess Springs, treason, ben3burg. tallen Timber, Gallitzin, tfemlock, Johnstown, Loretto, Mineral Point, Munster, Pershing, PUttsville, Roseland, St. Augu3tine, Scalp Level, Sonman, Summerhill, Summit, Wilmore, Post Matters. Districts. Joseph Graham, Joseph S.Mardis, William M. Jones, Danl. Litzinger, John J. Troxell, John Thompson, Isaac Thompson, J. M. Christy, Wm. M'Gough, I. E, Chandler, P- Shields, E. Wissinger, A. Durbin, Francis Clement, Andrew J. Ferral G. W. Bowman, Wm. Ryan, Sr., George Conrad, B. Jl'Colgan, Wm. Murray, Miss M. Gillespie Morris Keil, Yoder. Blacklick. Carroll. Chest. Washint'n. Ebensburg. White. Gallitzin. Washt'n. Johnst'wn. Loretto. Conem'gh. Munster. Conem'gh. Snsq'han. White. Clearfield. Richland. Washt'n. Croyle. Washt'n. S'mmerhill. CHURCHES, MINISTERS, &C. Presbyterian Ret. D. Harbison, Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath morning at 10J o'clock, and in the evening at 3 o'clock. Sab bath School at 1 o'clock, A. M. Prayer meet tf everv Thursday evening at 6 o'clock. Metho'dwt Episcopal Church Rkv.S.T. Show, Treacher in charge. Rev. J. G. Gogley, As sistant. Preaching every Sabbath, alternately at 10$ o'clock in the morning, or 7 in the trening. Sabbath School at y o'clock, A. M. Prayer meeting every Thursday evening, at 7 o'clock. Welch Independent Rkv T.L. R. Powell, Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath morning at 10 o'ciock, and in the evening at 6 o'clock. Sabbath School at 1 o'clock, P. M. Prayer meeting on the first Monday evening of each month ; and on every Tuesday, Thursday and Friday evening, excepting the first week in each month. Catvinisfic Methodist Ret. John Williams, factor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at 'and C o'clock. Sabbath School at 10 o'clock, A. M. Prayer meeting every Friday evening, t 7 o'clock. Society every Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock. Disciples Rev. W. Lloyd, Pastor. Preach in? every'Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock. Particular Baptists Rev. David Jenkins, Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at 3 o'clock. Sabbath School at at 1 o'clock, P. M. Catholic Rev. M. J. Mitchell, Pastor. Services every Sabbath morning at 10J o'clock and Vespers at 4 o'clock in the evening. EDEXSniRG UIAIL.S. MAILS ARRIVE. Eastern, daily, at 12 o'clock, noon. Western, at 12 o'clock, noon. MAILS CLOSE. Eastern, daily, at 6 o'clock, A. M. Western, " at 6 o'clock, A. M. &2fTlie mails from Butler,Indiana,Strongs torrn, tc, arrive on Thursday of each week, at 5 o'clock, P. M. Leave Ebensburg on Friday of each week, at h a. 31. CS-Tle mails from 2vcwman s Mills, Car rolltown, &c, arrive on Monday, Wednesday and Friday of each week, at 3 o'clock, P. M. Leave Ebensburg on Tuesdays, Thursdays nj Saturdays, at 7 o'clock, A. M. &3?Post Office open on Sundays from 9 to 10 o'clock, A. M. UAII.UO II) SCHEDULE. WILMOWE STATION, frest Express Train leaves at 8.33 A. M. " Fast Line " 9.07 1. M. " Mail Train " 8.02 P. M. East Express Trair " 3.42 A. M- " Fast Line " 7.30 P. M- " Mail Train " 9.45 A.M. The Fast Line West does not stop. COUXTY OFFICERS. Jud.jrt of the Courts President, lion. Geo. 'vlor, Huntingdon; Associates, George W. ti'ler, Richard Jones, Jr. I rotkonolary Joseph M DonaW. K'gUter and Recorder Fdarard F. Lytle. Shrhf. Robert P. Linton. ti'puty Sheriff. William Linton. Dutrict Attorney. Philip S. Noon. Ctuatjf Commissioners. Abel Lloyd, D. T. a 'orm, James Cooper. to Commissioners. Robert A. M Coy Trtntttrer. John A. Blair. Poor House Directors. David O'narro. nti u i,niri -i rtfnn iiorner 'oor House Treasurer. George C K. Zafcni. fW House Steward. James J. Kay lor. M'rriHtile Appraiser. II. C. Devinc. Ah liior .-Henry Hawk, John F. Stull. a m S. Rhey. County Surveyor. E. A. Vickroy. Coroner. James S. Todd. , II , J " un.r..W.. 7 . S ST. 17 . J. . fan-iAO JUtirtm nf Ik I. . Tin TT PnU.li, i3'.'s Did J. Evans. Jlim D. Davis, Thomas B. Moore, Daniel to Council T. D. Litzinger. forouyh Treasurer George Gurley. 'r"?A .Va;er-i-William Davis. Wool Directors William Davis, Reese S. fyt, Morris J. Evans, Thomas J. Davis, - -vucs, uavia j. jones. Tr'air,r of School Hoard Evan Morgan. yuf6eGeorge W. Brown. Collector Georze Gurley. ige of Election Meshac Thomas. '"eror,Robert Evans, Wm. Williams A"eor Richard T. Davi3. UiKoriANjx 1.50 in advance EBENSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1861. Liberty. In the great morning of the world, The spirit of God with might onfurl'd The flag of Freedom over Chaos. And all its banded anarchs fled, Like vultures frightened from Imaus, Before an earthquake's tread So from Time's tempestuous dawn Freedom's splendor burst and shone : Thermopylae and Marathon Caught, like mountains beacon-lighted, The springing Fire. The winged glory On Philippi half-alighted, Like an eagle on a promontory. Its unwearied wings could fan The quenchless ashes of Milan. From age to age, from man to man, It lived ; and lit from land to land Florence, Albion, Switzerland. Then night fell ; and, as from night, Re-assuming fiery light, From the West swift Freedom came, Against the course of heaven and doom, A second sun arrayed in flame, To burn, to kindle, to illume, From far Atlantis its young beams Chased the shadows and the dreams. France, with all her sanguine steams, Hid, but quenched it not ; again Thro' clouds its shafts of glory rain, From utmost Germany to Spain. As an eagle fed with morning Scorns the embattled tempest's warning, When she seeks her eyrie hanging In the mountain cedar's hair, And her brood expect the clanging Of her wings through the wild air, Sick with Famine : Freedom, so, To what of Greece remaineth now Returns ; her hoary ruins glow Like orient mountains lost in day ; Beneath the safety of her wings Her renovated nurselings play, And in the naked lightnings Of truth they purge their dazzled eyes. Let Freedom leave, where'er she flies, A Desert, or a Paradise : Let the beautiful and the brave Share her glory, or a grave. THE WAR IN WESTERN VIRGINIA. A Flglit In the Mountains. The telegraph has given an account of the successful reconnoisance of the rebel entrenchments at Green Briar, by Gen. Reynolds. A correspondent of the Cin cinnati Times furnishes that paper with a more detailed account, of which the fol lowing is the substance : At half-past eleven, first one hillside and then another poured forth its columns of armed men. A line was formed on the road, aud at midnight precisely the Ninth Indiana, the Fourteenth Indiana and the Twenty-fourth Ohio moved off iu the or der named. Half an hour later, and the Seventeenth Indiana, Captain Loomis' celebrated Michigan Artillery, the Four teenth Indiana, Howe's Battery of regular artillery, a detachment of cavalry and one gun of Damn's Virginia battery, rattled down the mountain. All the regiments had been greatly weakened bj sickness and hard service, and the force which marched, counting artillery, cavalry, &c, wa3 less than'C,000 The batteries comprised thirteen pieces. Since the flight of the rebels from Tygart Valley, they have had an advanced camp on the bank of the Greenbrier, at a point where the Staunton turnpike ascends the Allegheny mountains. In the late advance of Lee, a considerable force, detailed from that camp, went back to it in a hurry. They have not advanced since. Our scouts have, from time to time, reported that the post was being fortified. The point is about thirteen miles from this camp, and about the same distance from Monterey, where it is understood there is a large rebel force. The scouts suppose that 5000 or 0000 were encamped at Greenbrier. Colonel Ford's orders were to proceed about six miles to the Gum road station, with a force and Paum's gun at the junction, and picket the road, so as to prevent all possibility of a flank move ment. The only trouble he had wag with the detachment of cavalry, which accom panied him, and cowardly refused to take the advance. He reached the Gum road, and had his men all stationed again day light. Colonel Milroy's orders were to deploy skirmishers in the advance from the Gum road and drive in the pickets. He met with no opposition until he reached the first Greenbrier bridge, just after daylight. A full company of rebels wero stationed at the bridge, but in consequence of the fog, they were not seen until the enemy were aware of their advance, and fired at them at random. Two of Milroy's men fell, one dead, and the other severely wounded. Without waiting for orders, our men dashed on to the bridge, pouring a volley into the picket guard; three rebels fell, and the rest took to their heels. Our men took after them, both parties dropping knapsacks, blankets, &c, to ac celerate their speed in the chase. An exciting race of about a mile and a half I WOULD RATTIER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. Henry Clay. was had, but the rebels proved, as usual, the fleetest of foot, and escaped without further harm. Milroy's men 'picked up numerous knapsacks, blankets, arms, &c, as trophies. I know not how long we halted, but we had not proceeded much further when welcome daylight appeared. "We had just made the descent of the Cheat Mountain ridge, and were passing through a small farm and extensive "deadening." We followed the valley until we reached the Gum road, where the Thirty-second Ohio was stationed, where we made another halt. Making a long but easy descent of another mountain, we soon came to the Greenbrier. As we neared the bridge we saw the body of one of Milroy's men lying in the bushes, just where he had fallen when shot by the rebel pickets. "They had a fight on the bridge' was the only remark, and we passed on. At a farm house near the bridge, we came across the rear of the column ahead of us, with piles of knapsacks in an ad joining field, left there under guard, the infantry thus relieving themselves in ex pectation of the fight. The General rode on to near the head of the column, where he obtained a distant view of the enemy's camp. Soon the order was given to for ward. The rebel camp is located on a high, steep elevation known as Buffalo Hill. It is located at a sharp turn of the road, and so situated that an attacking force had to come directly under the guns and en trenchments of the right of the camp to obtain a view of the left. It was estima ted from the number of tents that ten thousand men held the posts. The sole attack contemplated was directly in front, with artillery, the infantry to be used merely to protect the batteries. It was discovered that the rebels had placed a large infantry force three-fourths of a mile in front, to dispute our approach. They lay in ambush beside a fence thick ened with small trees, to the right of the road, and in the timber on the hillside to the left. On making this discovery, Col. Kimball was ordered to clear the way for the artillery with the rugged Indiana Fourteenth. The boys received the order with a shout, and firing a volley into the ambush, rushed upon it with a wild cheer. The concealed enemy took to their heels, some rushing across the valley and others up the mountain on our left. The gallant Fourteenth, it3 ragged breeches flapping in the air, started up the moun tains with a cheer, popping over the reb els at every crack. The Ninth Indiana, its colors flaunting beautifully above the green grass, rushed after those across the valley. A cheer went up from the whole line, as the abashed rebels took to flight, the Hoosiers in pursuit. The Fourteenth made sad work with the rebels on the mountain j eighteen of them were found dead in one pile, and seven in another. They also captured several prisoners, and took care of a few wounded. The Seventh came near the retreating rebels on the opposite side of the valley, and poured a rakiug fire into them as they sought a laurel cover. How many were killed and wounded there the enemy musV ell, for our boys did not search the laurel. In less than ten min utes the rebels were driven into their en trenchments. Loomis immediately moved rapidly forward, unlimbcred his pieces and gave them an invitation in the shape of a shell. The enemy immediately responded with pounders, all of which fell short of our batte.-y. The enemy's camp was in full view. His terraced battery was belching forth fire and smoke. Shot lrom our batteries were tearing up the ground all through the encampment, and shells were scatter ing destruction and insuring death. 1 here was no cessation of the infernal roar of the artillery. Sometimes a half dozen of our pieces would send forth a simultaneous roar, making the earth tremble, and the return fire seemed spiteful, as it whizzed the shot mostly over our heads. For thirty-five minutes every gun on our side was worked without cessation. JNow a shell would go ringing through the air, making a beautiful curve, and dropping just on the spot intended, burst and de stroy everything for yards around. Of all the internal inventions oi war, ic is these shells. They tear men and horses to tatters in an instant, a3 they fall whiz zing among them. And, as you hear their unmusical hiss coming toward you, if as green in military matters as I, you will try to dodge the screechiug devil. With the shell flew the round shot into the en emy's camp, and all about their batteries. "With a whack they would strike the earth and bore themselves into the ground like moles operated by steam. Such was the distant view of the picture. The ambulances were not long idle. First came a man carried on a blanket, writhing with pain. He had received a shot in his stomach. Next, another who had lost an arm, and was fainting from loss of blood. Then came three or lour slight ly wounded, leaning on the shoulders of their comrades, Not far from me in a little ravine, lay three rebels, one dead, another dying and a third slightly wound ed. The latter was placed in an ambulance, and carried to our hospital. Away up the road, scattered on its sides, some sitting, some lying, were exhausted infantrymen, most of whom seemed totally unconcerned as to the strife ; and at other points of a viewing distance, groups of unengaged cavalry were viewing the strife with deep interest. For thirty-five minutes our bat teries kept up an unceasing firel First one, and then another rebel gun was dis mounted, until only one remained. This was peppered with shell and shot, but we were unable to do more than slacken its fire. After the enemy had been driven from their lower entrenchments and their bat tery reduced to one gun, our artillerists slackened their fire, and took it more easily. The infantry brightened up, ex pecting orders to charge the works. But the General, however, who was more observant, did not give the order. When the fire of our batteries was raging the most fearfully, the rebels sent up two or three rockets, which the General supposed was a signal to hurry up expected rein forcements, from the mountain road, as did others who were of the same opinion. They did not have long to wait. Down the mountains in the rear of the camp, came a column of men estimated at 5,000, bringing with them several pieces of artil lery of a superior character. The rein forcements were received with ceeers by their rebel and badly beaten comrades. The ire&h pieces were planted upon the upper works, and sent forth a new tune from the rebel side. They were at first badly served, the shots going far overhead. Thi3 they ascertained, and began to take pretty good aim. Our artillerists, delighted with the new guns, went at it once more with full force, and no more cheers were heard in the rebel camp. They also threw shells into the timber, above where it was supposed the fresh infantry had sheltered them selves, and with the naked eye a great scampering from the bushes could be observed. In the meantime the Colonels began to grow fidgety. They did not like the idea of the artillery enjoying all the fun, and asked that the infantry be allowed to "go in. A council of war was held. The Col onels proposed to take the new batteries by storm. The General opposed this at ouce, as even if successful it would involve a great sacrifice of life. They then pro posed to outflank the enemy, and take the camp in that way. Their blood was up, and though they knew that if the position was taken it would be a barren victory, they wanted to try their baud. I say a barren victory, but if the enemy had been routed, the position is now of no use to us, and had our infantry worked in on the flank, the road was open for the enemy to pcamper off up the mountain. But, Gen. lteynolds, appreciating the valor of our troops, consented to let the infantry try a flank movement, and, if they could do nothing more, gain infor mation as to the location of the ground. The enemy observed the movements, aud paying but little attention to our batteries, prepared to receive the infautry as they marched up through the woods. All the regiments received the order 1 1 to advance with cheers, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth throwing off their coats, and preparing for a free use of the bayo net. The Seventh took the lead, and the rest followed bravely. They had proceeded but a short distance, however, before the rebels turned several of their guns to the timber, and sent into it a terrible fire of shell and canister, lhe beventh Indiana broke and ran, their officers endeavored in vain to stop them. Their conduct caused some trepidation among the other regiments, but, at the command, they righted, and were about to advance, when orders came from General Ileydolds to withdraw. Thoush the trees seemed to rain shot and shell, but few men were hurt under them. The artillery had now fired about 1100 hhot and shells, and were nearly out of am munition. Loomis had nothing left but cannister, and Howe was nearly as bad off. Daum's piece had been disabled aud hauled off. Under these circumstances, the General having gratified the infantry, ordered an end to the engagement. Loomis gave the Greenbrier Camp parting blessing in the shape of cannister, and the artillery was despatched on its return to this point. The infantry follow ed, tarrying, however, some time in the valley, hoping the rebels would coino out and give tbema field fight of three to one. But the rebels did not show themselves as long as a blue coat remained in sight of Greenbrier I have stated our force. At least half of it was not brought into action at all. The rebels taken prisoners state that their force in camp, before our arrival, was ten thousand, which with the reinforcements received, makes fifteen thousand ; yet the rebels had not the courage, at any time, to come out of their entrenchments. It is the experience in Western Virginia that they fight bravely behind fortifications and will not fight otherwise. Our loss is twenty ten killed, and ten so badly wounded as to be unfitted for duty. Their loss is terrible. The groans of the wounded could be distinctly heard at our batteries, when theguns were silent. The dead were seen strewn all over their camp, and the lower trench was said to be full of them. Our fifteen hundred shells and explosive shot made fearful havoc. Besides, some forty or fifty were killed by our infantry in the first dash outside of the fortifications. We took thirteen prisoners they none. We captured a number of horses, a lot of cattle, and enough of small arms to show how the enemy was supplied. During the whole engagement the ene my threw but three effective shots. One struck one of Howe's artillery men, an other took an arm from the gunner of the same corps, and I think, shattered an axle of Daum's gun, rendering it unserviceable. All these came from the same troublesome little piece our gunners could not dis mount. Howe had two horses wounded and one killed Loomis and Daum, for a wonder, did not have cither a man or beast injured. m Letter from Kentucky. A BOCTHERX OBSEEVEtt OX SOUTHERN AFFAIKS. Correspondence of The Alleghcnian. Baedstown, Ky., Oct. 17, 1861. We seldom, nowadays, see papers which are published in the Seceded States, tho' occasionally we are favored with a speci men number. How they manage to "pass the lines" is somewhat of a mystery, inas much as all mail facilities are completely cut off; but we are not disposed to find fault with the fact that they do, from the reason that they generally bring us im portant information, and also show what tyranny is practiced upon those who conscientiously oppose the various schemes adopted to keep the Southern States in the vortex of rebellion. I find the following item in the Rich mond Enquirer of the lilst ultimo : "The forty days having expired, as designated in the Presidents proclamation, in confer mity to what we deemed an extra-judicial act of Congress, we are to presume that henceforth no alien enemies will be per mittcd to go at large within the limits of the Confederate States. Neither should foreigners come amongst us without a declaration of purpose to become citizens. And, above all, no one, not in the employ of tho Government, ought to pass out of our country, cl.-e the passport svstem itself is a farce, and we shall be at the mercy of our enemies. It seems to us that aliens should now be required to take the oath of allegicnce to our Government, and that the same test of loyalty might very judi ciously be applied to those amsjngst us xclio arc kiioicti to have voted, a feus brie f months 'ago, against llu: ratificatitn of tJie ordinance of seccssun. Alany oi our wealthy men opposed secession to the last, (I) and may be still opposed to separation and South ern independence. If this class be not attended to, and if, by one of the vicissi tudes incident to war, the enemy should happen, for however brief a season, to approach the capital, ice might Jiave tlie spectacle of at least another nucleus of "re constructionists." They would come out of their holes and oner protection to the fearful, or attempt to intimidate the timid non-combatants. We should provide for every contingency, and all who are not friends are enemies. Not only all the wealth, but all the blood of the South is pledged for the redemption of our coun try. The man who will not fight, and he who dares to depreciate the credit of the Government, are alike traiiors. When we remember that the Virginia Convention, in its ordinance of secession and league with the Confederate States, reserved in th most express terms the right of withdrawal from the said league at pleasure, and that, after the passage of that ordinauce, Mason, the recreant Sen ator, declared that all who advocated the return of Virginia to her old allegiauce under the Constitution of the United Slates "must leave the State" coupled with the JCnquircrs recommendation that all who opposed the ratification of the ordinance of secession at the polls be treated as aliens and compelled to take the oath of allegiance, we may form some idea of the TERMS NUMBER 5. monstrous wrdng. that has beed and is still being cbniniitted to prevent ail Union sentiment in that quarter. What mock ery it was to reserve the right to withdraw from the Confederacy, and then make it treason to advocate tho policy of with drawal! What bitter insult it was to assert that Virginia seceded from the Union for the sole purpose of recdnstruct- g it Upon a more generous basis, and then to denounce in the most unmeasured terms all who are suspected of being in lavor of reconstruction I Those who have invaded this State are preparing the same toils or us. Ihcy come, like Mahomet, with the law in one hand and the sword in the other, advising us. I have before me an address signed by Joseph II. Lewis, who says he has au thority from the Confederate States td raise a regiment of infantry; and for this purpose, by order of Gee. Buckner, he is now encamped at Cave City, Barren co., Ky. Jie complains that Kentucky s roads and rivers have been blockaded and her commerce suspended, but does not advert to the fact that these are only the results of Secession engineering and handiwork. r rom these, and other indications, it is evident' that Kentucky, like Virginia, is to be dragged out of the Union if possi ble ; and the miserable plea of reconstruc tion is not even advanced in the premise. We are, by the grace of Folk, Buckner, Zollicoffer and Jeff Davis, to become a constituent part of a divided Union, and, as a border State, protect the more south ern members of the Confederacy. But who believes that this Republic can ever be permanently divided ? The impossibility of fixing a boundary to deter mine the sections shows the folly of tho idea. The traveler passes from the cotton and sugar-growing States to the great ag ricultural and grain producing States, from thence to the mechanical and manu factnring States, and on to the lumber States, without being able to tell where the one ends or the other begins any more than he could separate the waters of the Allegheny and the Monongahela after they have united and formed the Ohio. The alternatives which are presented us a Southern Confederacy iu perpetuity or a Southern league for the purposo of reconstructing the Union are alike unat tainable. The authority of the United States must be re-asserted over every acre of its broad dominions ill . 1 T 1 M be checked ; the their allegiance ; and the Constitution and the Laws must be preserved inviolate. Union and Liberty one and inseparable now and forever. Truly, 4c, A. Clint Joxxa. , II. V. V. I W HIUJl ICIUIII III Rattier Slow. The Oswego Timts tells the iollowing good story at the ex pense of a railroad conductor : "On tho two o'clock slow freight and passenger train from Syracuse, the other day, were a lady and her son, a youth of good di mensions, the latter traveling on a 'half ticket.' After innumerable stoppages and delays, in unloading freight and the like, by which the patience of passengers is usually-exhausted long before they reach the cityi the conductor made hi appear ance for tickets. Glancing at the paste board received from the boy, he looked first at him, then at his mother, and then at the ticket, and remarked that he was a large boy to be ri ling at half far'. 'I know,' said the lady, 'I Lno .v he is, sir ; but then he's growu a good deal since we started!"' Pin Money. The origin of the" term "pin money" was as follows : Toward the' close of the fifteenth century, an epoch1 that marks a transition in the style of the dress of ladies, pins were looked upon with great- favor as New Years gifts. " They displaced the old wooden skewer previously used to fasten ladies' dresses, which no effort of skill, no burnishiug nor' embellishment could con vert into a sightly appendage. I'ins, iu that simple age of the world, were luxuries of high price", ank the gift was frequently compouifvlcj for in money, an allowance that became so necessary to the wants of ladies of quality that it resolved itself at last it?to a regular stipend, very properly denoiiiiuated "pin money." Warm Boots. It is said that the best boots to protect the feet from cold or dampness are made of calfskin tanned with the hair on. Of course, when the boots are made, the hair i on the inside, and while it effectually protects the feet,' it docs not exclude the air, as gum elastio does. To soldiers who may have to march or stand guard in jimlf'mcnt weather this is a secret worth kHSwiug, for when the feet arc well protected the whole body is preserved from many ailments. .'3? A bad wound may heal, but a bad name is alnjot sure to kill.