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The Alleghanian. [volume] (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1859-1865, October 24, 1861, Image 1

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. a niRKER, Editor and Proprietor,
j TODD UUTCUINSOHf, Publisher.
VOLUME 3.
DIRECTORY.
ttsrXKtO EXPRESSLY J"0B "TttB ALLEOHANIAM.
JAST OF POST OFFICES.
Post Offices.
Benn's Creek,
bethel Station
'Carrolltown,
'Chess Springs,
treason,
ben3burg.
tallen Timber,
Gallitzin,
tfemlock,
Johnstown,
Loretto,
Mineral Point,
Munster,
Pershing,
PUttsville,
Roseland,
St. Augu3tine,
Scalp Level,
Sonman,
Summerhill,
Summit,
Wilmore,
Post Matters.
Districts.
Joseph Graham,
Joseph S.Mardis,
William M. Jones,
Danl. Litzinger,
John J. Troxell,
John Thompson,
Isaac Thompson,
J. M. Christy,
Wm. M'Gough,
I. E, Chandler,
P- Shields,
E. Wissinger,
A. Durbin,
Francis Clement,
Andrew J. Ferral
G. W. Bowman,
Wm. Ryan, Sr.,
George Conrad,
B. Jl'Colgan,
Wm. Murray,
Miss M. Gillespie
Morris Keil,
Yoder.
Blacklick.
Carroll.
Chest.
Washint'n.
Ebensburg.
White.
Gallitzin.
Washt'n.
Johnst'wn.
Loretto.
Conem'gh.
Munster.
Conem'gh.
Snsq'han.
White.
Clearfield.
Richland.
Washt'n.
Croyle.
Washt'n.
S'mmerhill.
CHURCHES, MINISTERS, &C.
Presbyterian Ret. D. Harbison, Pastor.
Preaching every Sabbath morning at 10J
o'clock, and in the evening at 3 o'clock. Sab
bath School at 1 o'clock, A. M. Prayer meet
tf everv Thursday evening at 6 o'clock.
Metho'dwt Episcopal Church Rkv.S.T. Show,
Treacher in charge. Rev. J. G. Gogley, As
sistant. Preaching every Sabbath, alternately
at 10$ o'clock in the morning, or 7 in the
trening. Sabbath School at y o'clock, A. M.
Prayer meeting every Thursday evening, at 7
o'clock.
Welch Independent Rkv T.L. R. Powell,
Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath morning at
10 o'ciock, and in the evening at 6 o'clock.
Sabbath School at 1 o'clock, P. M. Prayer
meeting on the first Monday evening of each
month ; and on every Tuesday, Thursday and
Friday evening, excepting the first week in
each month.
Catvinisfic Methodist Ret. John Williams,
factor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
'and C o'clock. Sabbath School at 10 o'clock,
A. M. Prayer meeting every Friday evening,
t 7 o'clock. Society every Tuesday evening
at 7 o'clock.
Disciples Rev. W. Lloyd, Pastor. Preach
in? every'Sabbath morning at 10 o'clock.
Particular Baptists Rev. David Jenkins,
Pastor. Preaching every Sabbath evening at
3 o'clock. Sabbath School at at 1 o'clock, P. M.
Catholic Rev. M. J. Mitchell, Pastor.
Services every Sabbath morning at 10J o'clock
and Vespers at 4 o'clock in the evening.
EDEXSniRG UIAIL.S.
MAILS ARRIVE.
Eastern, daily, at 12 o'clock, noon.
Western, at 12 o'clock, noon.
MAILS CLOSE.
Eastern, daily, at 6 o'clock, A. M.
Western, " at 6 o'clock, A. M.
&2fTlie mails from Butler,Indiana,Strongs
torrn, tc, arrive on Thursday of each week,
at 5 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Ebensburg on Friday of each week,
at h a. 31.
CS-Tle mails from 2vcwman s Mills, Car
rolltown, &c, arrive on Monday, Wednesday
and Friday of each week, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
Leave Ebensburg on Tuesdays, Thursdays
nj Saturdays, at 7 o'clock, A. M.
&3?Post Office open on Sundays from 9
to 10 o'clock, A. M.
UAII.UO II) SCHEDULE.
WILMOWE STATION,
frest Express Train leaves at 8.33 A. M.
" Fast Line " 9.07 1. M.
" Mail Train " 8.02 P. M.
East Express Trair " 3.42 A. M-
" Fast Line " 7.30 P. M-
" Mail Train " 9.45 A.M.
The Fast Line West does not stop.
COUXTY OFFICERS.
Jud.jrt of the Courts President, lion. Geo.
'vlor, Huntingdon; Associates, George W.
ti'ler, Richard Jones, Jr.
I rotkonolary Joseph M DonaW.
K'gUter and Recorder Fdarard F. Lytle.
Shrhf. Robert P. Linton.
ti'puty Sheriff. William Linton.
Dutrict Attorney. Philip S. Noon.
Ctuatjf Commissioners. Abel Lloyd, D. T.
a 'orm, James Cooper.
to Commissioners. Robert A. M Coy
Trtntttrer. John A. Blair.
Poor House Directors. David O'narro.
nti u i,niri -i rtfnn iiorner
'oor House Treasurer. George C K. Zafcni.
fW House Steward. James J. Kay lor.
M'rriHtile Appraiser. II. C. Devinc.
Ah liior .-Henry Hawk, John F. Stull.
a m S. Rhey.
County Surveyor. E. A. Vickroy.
Coroner. James S. Todd.
,
II , J "
un.r..W.. 7 . S ST. 17 . J. . fan-iAO
JUtirtm nf Ik I. . Tin TT PnU.li,
i3'.'s Did J. Evans.
Jlim D. Davis, Thomas B. Moore, Daniel
to Council T. D. Litzinger.
forouyh Treasurer George Gurley.
'r"?A .Va;er-i-William Davis.
Wool Directors William Davis, Reese S.
fyt, Morris J. Evans, Thomas J. Davis,
- -vucs, uavia j. jones.
Tr'air,r of School Hoard Evan Morgan.
yuf6eGeorge W. Brown.
Collector Georze Gurley.
ige of Election Meshac Thomas.
'"eror,Robert Evans, Wm. Williams
A"eor Richard T. Davi3.
UiKoriANjx 1.50 in advance
EBENSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1861.
Liberty.
In the great morning of the world,
The spirit of God with might onfurl'd
The flag of Freedom over Chaos.
And all its banded anarchs fled,
Like vultures frightened from Imaus,
Before an earthquake's tread
So from Time's tempestuous dawn
Freedom's splendor burst and shone :
Thermopylae and Marathon
Caught, like mountains beacon-lighted,
The springing Fire. The winged glory
On Philippi half-alighted,
Like an eagle on a promontory.
Its unwearied wings could fan
The quenchless ashes of Milan.
From age to age, from man to man,
It lived ; and lit from land to land
Florence, Albion, Switzerland.
Then night fell ; and, as from night,
Re-assuming fiery light,
From the West swift Freedom came,
Against the course of heaven and doom,
A second sun arrayed in flame,
To burn, to kindle, to illume,
From far Atlantis its young beams
Chased the shadows and the dreams.
France, with all her sanguine steams,
Hid, but quenched it not ; again
Thro' clouds its shafts of glory rain,
From utmost Germany to Spain.
As an eagle fed with morning
Scorns the embattled tempest's warning,
When she seeks her eyrie hanging
In the mountain cedar's hair,
And her brood expect the clanging
Of her wings through the wild air,
Sick with Famine : Freedom, so,
To what of Greece remaineth now
Returns ; her hoary ruins glow
Like orient mountains lost in day ;
Beneath the safety of her wings
Her renovated nurselings play,
And in the naked lightnings
Of truth they purge their dazzled eyes.
Let Freedom leave, where'er she flies,
A Desert, or a Paradise :
Let the beautiful and the brave
Share her glory, or a grave.
THE WAR IN WESTERN VIRGINIA.
A Flglit In the Mountains.
The telegraph has given an account of
the successful reconnoisance of the rebel
entrenchments at Green Briar, by Gen.
Reynolds. A correspondent of the Cin
cinnati Times furnishes that paper with a
more detailed account, of which the fol
lowing is the substance :
At half-past eleven, first one hillside
and then another poured forth its columns
of armed men. A line was formed on the
road, aud at midnight precisely the Ninth
Indiana, the Fourteenth Indiana and the
Twenty-fourth Ohio moved off iu the or
der named. Half an hour later, and the
Seventeenth Indiana, Captain Loomis'
celebrated Michigan Artillery, the Four
teenth Indiana, Howe's Battery of regular
artillery, a detachment of cavalry and one
gun of Damn's Virginia battery, rattled
down the mountain.
All the regiments had been greatly
weakened bj sickness and hard service,
and the force which marched, counting
artillery, cavalry, &c, wa3 less than'C,000
The batteries comprised thirteen pieces.
Since the flight of the rebels from Tygart
Valley, they have had an advanced camp
on the bank of the Greenbrier, at a point
where the Staunton turnpike ascends the
Allegheny mountains. In the late advance
of Lee, a considerable force, detailed from
that camp, went back to it in a hurry.
They have not advanced since. Our
scouts have, from time to time, reported
that the post was being fortified.
The point is about thirteen miles from
this camp, and about the same distance
from Monterey, where it is understood
there is a large rebel force. The scouts
suppose that 5000 or 0000 were encamped
at Greenbrier. Colonel Ford's orders were
to proceed about six miles to the Gum
road station, with a force and Paum's gun
at the junction, and picket the road, so as
to prevent all possibility of a flank move
ment. The only trouble he had wag with
the detachment of cavalry, which accom
panied him, and cowardly refused to take
the advance. He reached the Gum road,
and had his men all stationed again day
light. Colonel Milroy's orders were to deploy
skirmishers in the advance from the Gum
road and drive in the pickets. He met
with no opposition until he reached the
first Greenbrier bridge, just after daylight.
A full company of rebels wero stationed
at the bridge, but in consequence of the
fog, they were not seen until the enemy
were aware of their advance, and fired at
them at random. Two of Milroy's men
fell, one dead, and the other severely
wounded. Without waiting for orders,
our men dashed on to the bridge, pouring
a volley into the picket guard; three rebels
fell, and the rest took to their heels.
Our men took after them, both parties
dropping knapsacks, blankets, &c, to ac
celerate their speed in the chase. An
exciting race of about a mile and a half
I WOULD RATTIER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. Henry Clay.
was had, but the rebels proved, as usual,
the fleetest of foot, and escaped without
further harm. Milroy's men 'picked up
numerous knapsacks, blankets, arms, &c,
as trophies.
I know not how long we halted, but we
had not proceeded much further when
welcome daylight appeared. "We had just
made the descent of the Cheat Mountain
ridge, and were passing through a small
farm and extensive "deadening." We
followed the valley until we reached the
Gum road, where the Thirty-second Ohio
was stationed, where we made another
halt. Making a long but easy descent of
another mountain, we soon came to the
Greenbrier. As we neared the bridge
we saw the body of one of Milroy's men
lying in the bushes, just where he had
fallen when shot by the rebel pickets.
"They had a fight on the bridge' was
the only remark, and we passed on.
At a farm house near the bridge, we
came across the rear of the column ahead
of us, with piles of knapsacks in an ad
joining field, left there under guard, the
infantry thus relieving themselves in ex
pectation of the fight. The General rode
on to near the head of the column, where
he obtained a distant view of the enemy's
camp. Soon the order was given to for
ward. The rebel camp is located on a high,
steep elevation known as Buffalo Hill. It
is located at a sharp turn of the road, and
so situated that an attacking force had to
come directly under the guns and en
trenchments of the right of the camp to
obtain a view of the left. It was estima
ted from the number of tents that ten
thousand men held the posts. The sole
attack contemplated was directly in front,
with artillery, the infantry to be used
merely to protect the batteries. It was
discovered that the rebels had placed a
large infantry force three-fourths of a
mile in front, to dispute our approach.
They lay in ambush beside a fence thick
ened with small trees, to the right of the
road, and in the timber on the hillside to
the left. On making this discovery, Col.
Kimball was ordered to clear the way for
the artillery with the rugged Indiana
Fourteenth. The boys received the order
with a shout, and firing a volley into the
ambush, rushed upon it with a wild cheer.
The concealed enemy took to their
heels, some rushing across the valley and
others up the mountain on our left. The
gallant Fourteenth, it3 ragged breeches
flapping in the air, started up the moun
tains with a cheer, popping over the reb
els at every crack. The Ninth Indiana,
its colors flaunting beautifully above the
green grass, rushed after those across the
valley. A cheer went up from the whole
line, as the abashed rebels took to flight,
the Hoosiers in pursuit.
The Fourteenth made sad work with
the rebels on the mountain j eighteen of
them were found dead in one pile, and
seven in another. They also captured
several prisoners, and took care of a few
wounded. The Seventh came near the
retreating rebels on the opposite side of
the valley, and poured a rakiug fire into
them as they sought a laurel cover. How
many were killed and wounded there the
enemy musV ell, for our boys did not
search the laurel. In less than ten min
utes the rebels were driven into their en
trenchments. Loomis immediately moved
rapidly forward, unlimbcred his pieces and
gave them an invitation in the shape of a
shell. The enemy immediately responded
with pounders, all of which fell short of
our batte.-y.
The enemy's camp was in full view.
His terraced battery was belching forth
fire and smoke. Shot lrom our batteries
were tearing up the ground all through
the encampment, and shells were scatter
ing destruction and insuring death. 1 here
was no cessation of the infernal roar of
the artillery. Sometimes a half dozen of
our pieces would send forth a simultaneous
roar, making the earth tremble, and the
return fire seemed spiteful, as it whizzed
the shot mostly over our heads. For
thirty-five minutes every gun on our side
was worked without cessation. JNow a
shell would go ringing through the air,
making a beautiful curve, and dropping
just on the spot intended, burst and de
stroy everything for yards around. Of
all the internal inventions oi war, ic is
these shells. They tear men and horses
to tatters in an instant, a3 they fall whiz
zing among them. And, as you hear their
unmusical hiss coming toward you, if as
green in military matters as I, you will
try to dodge the screechiug devil. With
the shell flew the round shot into the en
emy's camp, and all about their batteries.
"With a whack they would strike the earth
and bore themselves into the ground like
moles operated by steam. Such was the
distant view of the picture.
The ambulances were not long idle.
First came a man carried on a blanket,
writhing with pain. He had received a
shot in his stomach. Next, another who
had lost an arm, and was fainting from loss
of blood. Then came three or lour slight
ly wounded, leaning on the shoulders of
their comrades, Not far from me in a
little ravine, lay three rebels, one dead,
another dying and a third slightly wound
ed. The latter was placed in an ambulance,
and carried to our hospital. Away up the
road, scattered on its sides, some sitting,
some lying, were exhausted infantrymen,
most of whom seemed totally unconcerned
as to the strife ; and at other points of a
viewing distance, groups of unengaged
cavalry were viewing the strife with deep
interest. For thirty-five minutes our bat
teries kept up an unceasing firel First
one, and then another rebel gun was dis
mounted, until only one remained. This
was peppered with shell and shot, but we
were unable to do more than slacken its
fire.
After the enemy had been driven from
their lower entrenchments and their bat
tery reduced to one gun, our artillerists
slackened their fire, and took it more
easily. The infantry brightened up, ex
pecting orders to charge the works. But
the General, however, who was more
observant, did not give the order. When
the fire of our batteries was raging the
most fearfully, the rebels sent up two or
three rockets, which the General supposed
was a signal to hurry up expected rein
forcements, from the mountain road, as
did others who were of the same opinion.
They did not have long to wait. Down
the mountains in the rear of the camp,
came a column of men estimated at 5,000,
bringing with them several pieces of artil
lery of a superior character. The rein
forcements were received with ceeers by
their rebel and badly beaten comrades.
The ire&h pieces were planted upon the
upper works, and sent forth a new tune
from the rebel side. They were at first
badly served, the shots going far overhead.
Thi3 they ascertained, and began to take
pretty good aim.
Our artillerists, delighted with the new
guns, went at it once more with full force,
and no more cheers were heard in the
rebel camp. They also threw shells into
the timber, above where it was supposed
the fresh infantry had sheltered them
selves, and with the naked eye a great
scampering from the bushes could be
observed.
In the meantime the Colonels began to
grow fidgety. They did not like the idea
of the artillery enjoying all the fun, and
asked that the infantry be allowed to "go
in.
A council of war was held. The Col
onels proposed to take the new batteries
by storm. The General opposed this at
ouce, as even if successful it would involve
a great sacrifice of life. They then pro
posed to outflank the enemy, and take the
camp in that way. Their blood was up,
and though they knew that if the position
was taken it would be a barren victory,
they wanted to try their baud. I say a
barren victory, but if the enemy had been
routed, the position is now of no use to
us, and had our infantry worked in on the
flank, the road was open for the enemy
to pcamper off up the mountain.
But, Gen. lteynolds, appreciating the
valor of our troops, consented to let the
infantry try a flank movement, and, if
they could do nothing more, gain infor
mation as to the location of the ground.
The enemy observed the movements, aud
paying but little attention to our batteries,
prepared to receive the infautry as they
marched up through the woods.
All the regiments received the order
1 1
to advance with cheers, the Fourteenth
and Fifteenth throwing off their coats,
and preparing for a free use of the bayo
net. The Seventh took the lead, and the
rest followed bravely. They had proceeded
but a short distance, however, before the
rebels turned several of their guns to the
timber, and sent into it a terrible fire of
shell and canister, lhe beventh Indiana
broke and ran, their officers endeavored
in vain to stop them. Their conduct
caused some trepidation among the other
regiments, but, at the command, they
righted, and were about to advance, when
orders came from General Ileydolds to
withdraw. Thoush the trees seemed to
rain shot and shell, but few men were
hurt under them.
The artillery had now fired about 1100
hhot and shells, and were nearly out of am
munition. Loomis had nothing left but
cannister, and Howe was nearly as bad
off. Daum's piece had been disabled aud
hauled off. Under these circumstances,
the General having gratified the infantry,
ordered an end to the engagement.
Loomis gave the Greenbrier Camp
parting blessing in the shape of cannister,
and the artillery was despatched on its
return to this point. The infantry follow
ed, tarrying, however, some time in the
valley, hoping the rebels would coino out
and give tbema field fight of three to one.
But the rebels did not show themselves
as long as a blue coat remained in sight of
Greenbrier
I have stated our force. At least half
of it was not brought into action at all.
The rebels taken prisoners state that their
force in camp, before our arrival, was ten
thousand, which with the reinforcements
received, makes fifteen thousand ; yet the
rebels had not the courage, at any time,
to come out of their entrenchments. It
is the experience in Western Virginia
that they fight bravely behind fortifications
and will not fight otherwise.
Our loss is twenty ten killed, and ten
so badly wounded as to be unfitted for
duty. Their loss is terrible. The groans
of the wounded could be distinctly heard
at our batteries, when theguns were silent.
The dead were seen strewn all over their
camp, and the lower trench was said to
be full of them. Our fifteen hundred
shells and explosive shot made fearful
havoc. Besides, some forty or fifty were
killed by our infantry in the first dash
outside of the fortifications. We took
thirteen prisoners they none.
We captured a number of horses, a lot
of cattle, and enough of small arms to show
how the enemy was supplied.
During the whole engagement the ene
my threw but three effective shots. One
struck one of Howe's artillery men, an
other took an arm from the gunner of the
same corps, and I think, shattered an axle
of Daum's gun, rendering it unserviceable.
All these came from the same troublesome
little piece our gunners could not dis
mount. Howe had two horses wounded
and one killed Loomis and Daum, for a
wonder, did not have cither a man or
beast injured.
m
Letter from Kentucky.
A BOCTHERX OBSEEVEtt OX SOUTHERN AFFAIKS.
Correspondence of The Alleghcnian.
Baedstown, Ky., Oct. 17, 1861.
We seldom, nowadays, see papers which
are published in the Seceded States, tho'
occasionally we are favored with a speci
men number. How they manage to "pass
the lines" is somewhat of a mystery, inas
much as all mail facilities are completely
cut off; but we are not disposed to find
fault with the fact that they do, from the
reason that they generally bring us im
portant information, and also show what
tyranny is practiced upon those who
conscientiously oppose the various schemes
adopted to keep the Southern States in
the vortex of rebellion.
I find the following item in the Rich
mond Enquirer of the lilst ultimo : "The
forty days having expired, as designated
in the Presidents proclamation, in confer
mity to what we deemed an extra-judicial
act of Congress, we are to presume that
henceforth no alien enemies will be per
mittcd to go at large within the limits of
the Confederate States. Neither should
foreigners come amongst us without a
declaration of purpose to become citizens.
And, above all, no one, not in the employ
of tho Government, ought to pass out of
our country, cl.-e the passport svstem itself
is a farce, and we shall be at the mercy of
our enemies. It seems to us that aliens
should now be required to take the oath
of allegicnce to our Government, and that
the same test of loyalty might very judi
ciously be applied to those amsjngst us xclio
arc kiioicti to have voted, a feus brie f months
'ago, against llu: ratificatitn of tJie ordinance
of seccssun. Alany oi our wealthy men
opposed secession to the last, (I) and may
be still opposed to separation and South
ern independence. If this class be not
attended to, and if, by one of the vicissi
tudes incident to war, the enemy should
happen, for however brief a season, to
approach the capital, ice might Jiave tlie
spectacle of at least another nucleus of "re
constructionists." They would come out of
their holes and oner protection to the
fearful, or attempt to intimidate the timid
non-combatants. We should provide for
every contingency, and all who are not
friends are enemies. Not only all the
wealth, but all the blood of the South is
pledged for the redemption of our coun
try. The man who will not fight, and he
who dares to depreciate the credit of the
Government, are alike traiiors.
When we remember that the Virginia
Convention, in its ordinance of secession
and league with the Confederate States,
reserved in th most express terms the
right of withdrawal from the said league
at pleasure, and that, after the passage of
that ordinauce, Mason, the recreant Sen
ator, declared that all who advocated the
return of Virginia to her old allegiauce
under the Constitution of the United Slates
"must leave the State" coupled with the
JCnquircrs recommendation that all who
opposed the ratification of the ordinance
of secession at the polls be treated as
aliens and compelled to take the oath of
allegiance, we may form some idea of the
TERMS
NUMBER 5.
monstrous wrdng. that has beed and is still
being cbniniitted to prevent ail Union
sentiment in that quarter. What mock
ery it was to reserve the right to withdraw
from the Confederacy, and then make it
treason to advocate tho policy of with
drawal! What bitter insult it was to
assert that Virginia seceded from the
Union for the sole purpose of recdnstruct-
g it Upon a more generous basis, and
then to denounce in the most unmeasured
terms all who are suspected of being in
lavor of reconstruction I
Those who have invaded this State are
preparing the same toils or us. Ihcy
come, like Mahomet, with the law in one
hand and the sword in the other, advising
us. I have before me an address signed
by Joseph II. Lewis, who says he has au
thority from the Confederate States td
raise a regiment of infantry; and for this
purpose, by order of Gee. Buckner, he is
now encamped at Cave City, Barren co.,
Ky. Jie complains that Kentucky s roads
and rivers have been blockaded and her
commerce suspended, but does not advert
to the fact that these are only the results
of Secession engineering and handiwork.
r rom these, and other indications, it is
evident' that Kentucky, like Virginia, is
to be dragged out of the Union if possi
ble ; and the miserable plea of reconstruc
tion is not even advanced in the premise.
We are, by the grace of Folk, Buckner,
Zollicoffer and Jeff Davis, to become a
constituent part of a divided Union, and,
as a border State, protect the more south
ern members of the Confederacy.
But who believes that this Republic
can ever be permanently divided ? The
impossibility of fixing a boundary to deter
mine the sections shows the folly of tho
idea. The traveler passes from the cotton
and sugar-growing States to the great ag
ricultural and grain producing States,
from thence to the mechanical and manu
factnring States, and on to the lumber
States, without being able to tell where
the one ends or the other begins any more
than he could separate the waters of the
Allegheny and the Monongahela after they
have united and formed the Ohio.
The alternatives which are presented us
a Southern Confederacy iu perpetuity
or a Southern league for the purposo of
reconstructing the Union are alike unat
tainable. The authority of the United
States must be re-asserted over every acre
of its broad dominions
ill . 1 T 1 M
be checked ; the
their allegiance ; and the Constitution
and the Laws must be preserved inviolate.
Union and Liberty one and inseparable
now and forever.
Truly, 4c, A. Clint Joxxa.
, II. V. V. I W HIUJl ICIUIII III
Rattier Slow. The Oswego Timts
tells the iollowing good story at the ex
pense of a railroad conductor : "On tho
two o'clock slow freight and passenger
train from Syracuse, the other day, were
a lady and her son, a youth of good di
mensions, the latter traveling on a 'half
ticket.' After innumerable stoppages and
delays, in unloading freight and the like,
by which the patience of passengers is
usually-exhausted long before they reach
the cityi the conductor made hi appear
ance for tickets. Glancing at the paste
board received from the boy, he looked
first at him, then at his mother, and then
at the ticket, and remarked that he was
a large boy to be ri ling at half far'. 'I
know,' said the lady, 'I Lno .v he is, sir ;
but then he's growu a good deal since we
started!"'
Pin Money. The origin of the" term
"pin money" was as follows : Toward the'
close of the fifteenth century, an epoch1
that marks a transition in the style of the
dress of ladies, pins were looked upon
with great- favor as New Years gifts. "
They displaced the old wooden skewer
previously used to fasten ladies' dresses,
which no effort of skill, no burnishiug nor'
embellishment could con vert into a sightly
appendage. I'ins, iu that simple age of
the world, were luxuries of high price",
ank the gift was frequently compouifvlcj
for in money, an allowance that became so
necessary to the wants of ladies of quality
that it resolved itself at last it?to a regular
stipend, very properly denoiiiiuated "pin
money."
Warm Boots. It is said that the best
boots to protect the feet from cold or
dampness are made of calfskin tanned
with the hair on. Of course, when the
boots are made, the hair i on the inside,
and while it effectually protects the feet,'
it docs not exclude the air, as gum elastio
does. To soldiers who may have to march
or stand guard in jimlf'mcnt weather this
is a secret worth kHSwiug, for when the
feet arc well protected the whole body is
preserved from many ailments.
.'3? A bad wound may heal, but a bad
name is alnjot sure to kill.

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