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tor as his unhsppy situation, and the safety of ihe community in which it is tbiw ascer tained to bq unsafe to let him go at large, may require ; and such, ihonld tte defense set up 'in this case prevail, will be your duty. The law, gentlemen, whiuh must govern your inquiries, and to which yon must apply, nd by which you must judge of and pass upon the f ids relied upon to establish the defense of insanity, as declared by all the jm'ges, in liDglan'd, in Mr. Naghteii'a case, and fcy the English courts ever since, and by almost every American court, including the supefcnie court of Pennsylvania, and by the most able and eminent judges, among them Chief Justice Shaw of Massachusetts, and the late distin guished Chief Justice Gibson of Pennsylva nia, tnd in the words which wc have felt it 'to be our dutjp heretofore to state it to a jury jn a capital case, la this: Every man is presumed to be sane, and to possess a sufficient degree of reason to be ri-spoosible for his crimes, until the contrary fce proved to the satisfaction of the jury; and, ,?io. establish, a defense cn the ground of insan ilj, it must be .clearly proved, that, at the time "f committing the act, the party accused "! was laboring under such a defect of reason from 'disease of the mind, as not to Icdow the ' nature and quality of the act lie was doing, or if he did know it,idid not know that he was 'doing what wa wrong.'' However others njny speculate, it is theSuty of a jury to bring 'the evidence to this test. - Upon this general subject, ,wc state to you the law as spplied.to a case before the judge3 of our ownSuprerae Court (tbreeof tbenipres tnt) in the language of Chief Justice Gibson : -"Insanity ismental ormoral; the latter being sometimes called homicidal mania and prop erly so. It is my purpose to deliver to you the law on this ground of defence, and not torrcss upon your consideration, at least toaaunusuai Jegr.ee, the circumstances of the present case oa which the law acts. 'A uiau maybe mad upon all subjects; , and then, though he may have glimmerings of reas on, he is not a responsible agent. This i3 gen ial insanity; but, if it is not so great in its extent or degree, a3 to blind him to the nature r.nd extent of his moral duty, it is no defence to an accusation. It must be so great as entirely to destroy his perception of riyht and wrong ; And it is not until that perception i3 thus de stroyed that he ceases to be responsible. It mus t amount to delusion or hallucination, con trolling his will, and making the commission of te act, in his apprehension, a duty of overru ling necessity. The most apt illustration of the latter is the perverted state of religious obligation which has caused men sometimes to sacrifice their wiver and children. "Partial insanity is confined to a 'particular subject, the man beingr sane on ever other. In that species of insanity, it is plain that he la a responsible agent if he were not insi.'tT1 led by his madness to perpetrate the act. lie continues to be a legitimate subject of punish ment, -although he may have been laboring under- a morsvl obliquity ot "perception, as much as if he were laboring under an obliq uity of vision. A man whose mind squints, unless impelled to crime by this very mental obliquity, is as much amenable to punishment as one whose eye sqnint3. On this point there has teen a mistake as melancholy as it is popular. It has been announced by learned doctors that if aman ha3 the least taint of insanity entering iuto his mental structure, it discharges him of all responsibility to the laws. To thi3 monstrous error may be traced both the fecundity ia homicides which ha3 dishonored this country, and the immunity which has attended them. The law is, that whether insanity be general or partial, the degree of it must be so great as to have con trolled the will of its subject, and to have taken from him the freedom of moral actijn. 'But there is a moral or homicidal insanity, consisting of an irresistible inclination to lull, or to commit som other particular offence. There may be an unseen ligame.it pressing on the mind, drawing it to constqueuce.3 which it sees lut cannot avoid, and placing it under a coercion which,1 while it3 results are clearly perceived, is incapable of resistance. The doctrine which acknowledges this mania" is dangerous in its relations, and can be recog-, nized only in the clearest cases. It ought to be shown to have been habitual, or at least to have shewn itself in m6re than a single instance. It is seldom dircctodj-agaiost a particular in dividual ; but that it may be so, 13" proved by the case of the vouai woman who was deiti' ded by an irresistablo impulse to kill her child, though aware of the heinous nature of the uct. Tho frequency cf tbi3 constitutional . malady i3 fortunately small, and it is better to confine it within the strictest limits. If juries were. to allow it as a general motive operating in cases of this character, its recog nition would destroy social order as well as personal safety. To establish it as a justifica tion in any particular ease, it i3 necessary either to showby cl:ar proof its conteniporane ousexistence evidenced by present circumstan ces, or the existence cf a particular tendency developed in previou3 cases, becoming in itself a second nature. We introduce here, and answer, the writ ten point3 submitted by the prisoner's cdun bcI : -1. "The court r.re requested to instruct tho jury that if they believe that at the time of the killing the defend-ant wa3 in such a state of mini as to be unable to apply the test of right and wrong to the particular case, he is not a responsible agent, and the verdict should ba not guilty.". This is the test or criterion, in passing npon evidence of the existence of insanity, ia its common and usual forms, to a degree that will relieve feui responsibility ; and we an swer the point in the affirmative. 2. "The court are requested to instruct flie jury that if they believe the prisoner to have been 'governed by an uncontrollable impulse, his will no longer in subjection to hU rea son, owing to the excited and continued im petuosity of Lis thoughts, the tuniultirbus nc.1 confused condition of his mind, goaded bya sense of grievous wrong, he was wrought to a phrensy bordering upon madness, which, for the time being rendered him unable to control his actions or to direct bis move ments,' their verdict should be not guilty." We are at some loss to understand what is here meant. If the point is predicated of moral insanity, which i3 recognized'in Mos lems case, and which we recognize, we affirm it. . Wc recognize moral insanity, however, as they did, ts of uncommon occurrence, and evidence of the existence ana operation of which, since it cannot be tested by the gen eral rule applicable to the common and usual forms cf insanity, is to be received aud passed upon ia view of the cautions Migscsted in lac case referred to. If. the point means more or less thai; we "have supposed, we re fuse our assent. . You will inquire, then, gentlemen, whether the prisoner was laboring under moral insan ity ; and iauoing so, you wiil remember the tautioria suggested in the case read. The general test here fail3 ; for, in this mania, it seems, one, may be drawu ou to consequences which "be sees but cannot avoid," and "be aware of the heinor.s nature of the act." There is little, ia such case, to dietincuisli it from, an ordinary criminal act. "To the eye cf rcaaon, every murderer is a njndmau." In the commission of every crime, the judgment and conscience are overborne7 fof the time by temptation to evil, acting upon the wicked ness of the heart, and exciting the evil pas sions to overmastering strength ; but to allow that .to excuse would be to rmke crime it3 own justification, and evidence of its own innocence, and to strike at the foundation of all accountability. It is well said, therefore, that 'thc doctrine which acknowledges this mania is dangerous in its relations, and can I be recognized only 111 the clearest cases." The evidenco adduced to establish it should be subjected to the strictest scrutiny. "It ocght to be shown to have been habitual, or at least to have shewn itself in more than one instance." "To establish it as & justification in any particular case, it i3 necessary either to show by clear proofs its contemporaneous existence evidenced by present circumstan ces,, or the existence of a particular tendency developed in. previous cases." Is there such proof here ? Were the shot3 fired at the de ceased without discrimination, or. without a motive ? Had a tendency to such acts been developed in a single instance in the wholo life of the prisoner before thi3 act of homi cide, or has it been since ? . If the prisoner was not laboring under moral insanity, you will inquire whether, upon the evidence here, he was laboring under mental malady of any kind, so as not to know and understand the nature of the act he was do ing, and that it was wrong and would subject him to punishment. And we propose to de tain. you but a short time longer, with a few observations , upon the evidence in this part of the case. . . It is claimed,, oa the part of the prisoner, that his appearance and conduct, on. that occasion,, explained and accounted for by other evidence heard in his behalf, evidenced insanity. The witnesses state that he;wa3 wild and excited in his appearance, violent in Lis gestures, his voice raised to a high and unnatural pitch and heard in a crying tone, and his expressions, some of the witnes ses say, were incoherent. The wilnesses themselves were of course more or less exci ted, and they use their own words to describe his conduct and to express their own impres sions. Some express his manner and appear ance a3;"excited" and "wild ;" some of them say he was ia "a phrensy." , They testify that he swore profanely, and used also low and Yulgar expressions. The question here is, was thi3 the incoherent raving and phren sied conduct of a maniac, or one at the time insane ? or, wa3 it the violence of one exci ted by passion, and seeking reveDge ? Was it insanity? or wa3 it anger?. You will judge. Violent gestures, loud tones, and excited looks are the natural expressions of anger, varying in degree with ihe tempera ment .of the person and the intensity of his passion. Profanity seems, also, to be the natural language of angry passion. The w "'Messes say that his appearance wa3 differ ent ITU-T1 "hat they iiad ever noticed it ;"but non ofthtZ had fcVer seen him anZry- u'a3 his conduct naw,rftl or otherwise, supposing him have been lu ,mie alwav or with a smile on his face, instead P ' lIie firf of anger in his eye, he had met Marbourg - au shot him down, without any assigned or known motive, and then turned around and walked calmly away, without manifesting any excitement or concern, what would have been the conclusion? that he wa3 sane, or IS3AXE? It is claimed, also, that his appearance and conduct on that occasion were in such Etriking contrast with hi3 habits and character thro' hi3 whole life, as to exhibit a complete trans formation, which is only reasonably explained on the supposition that the sad calamity that had befallen him, the evidence of which he had confirmed that morning by the confession of his wife, acting upon an excitable temper ament for a week, during which he had ate and slept but little, had dethroned his reason. And it i3 true that he has shown, by all the witnesses, notjierely agood, but very good, an excellent character. It has been shown, too, that he has long been a regular, punctual and an exemplary member of a church an elder, occasionally officiating for the preacher in his absence ; that no one had ever heard him use a profane or. vulgar word, or any expression which might not have been used in tuv compan-. All this 13 certainly entitled iuouirv naturally arises, that, if his rearc,,lhad not for the time been overthrown, he would have acted and talked in a manner so incon sistent wuii uis wuoie previous nie, ana so contrary, apparently, to his very nature as exhibited in the proof of his excellent charac ter a3 a man and a Christian? And yet it is not to be forgotten that men of the most exalted personal and religious character have fallen into crime. . David, who was a man after God's own heart, was guilty of adultery, ind, to hide it. of murder. And we read that when the mob had tacen nis Vi fine Master before the high priest, "Peter sat without in the palace, and a damsel came unto him say ing, thou also wast with Jesus ; but, he denied brfore them all, saying, 1 know not wnat thou avest. He was accused In-another ; "and again he denied with an oat.l, saying, l know not the man. Lnd "after a while they that stood by" accosted him with the same accu sation ; "then began lie to curse axd to swear, saying, I know not the man !" He soon nuerward3 "went cut ana wept bitterly.- Peter was cuiltv of lying and profanity-. It was condnct grossly- inconsistent with his religious chiracter; but it is not intimated that he was insane. The Savior, "who knew vfhat was in tlie heart of man,"' said to his followers, "watch and pray that ye enter not into temptation." Ana an apostle saia, "let him that thinketh he standcth take heed lest he fall!" Such is human nature, that a good character is no certain guaranty that its po? eoocnr mav not fall into sin, and but feeble evidence against clear proof of guilt Still, we commend tbi3 evidenco t your considera- . r ? r a. ' 1 tiou upon tins question 01 insanity; uuu you will allow it all the weight you think it merits, in the prisoner's behalf. - , It has also been shown that one of the prisoner's brothers is insane, and has been a raving maniac for twenty-eight or thirty years, and that he has a sister who, as some of the witnesses expressed it; i3 a weak-minded woman. She" is married, and lias children; but, ia the opinion of some of the witnesses, is not capable .of giving proper attention to her children and her domestic affairs. TBia evidence was offered, and received, to shew a hereditary taint. Insanity is, no doubt, a hereditary disease, which may appear, and re appear, overleaping, sometimes, a generation. And proof of its existence in a family is per tinent evidence on a question like this. The evidence here, however, going no further than we have stated, is very slight, It does not appear that his parents, or any of his ances tors, have been insane, or any of the family, except one brother. Hut, if such proof were made, the force of it would only be to show a liability, "or a nreditpotition; at most, to the j disease. That is not the disease. IfaUyrM-j itarv taint were etaoiinea, 11 nngui aia in out Marbourg and shot iUX """ In revenge for an injury ? If, calm &rJ oneicited, and na ihe. w i t n pss pa liad fl.lw.lVS beiJ.""e ECen him, to jOUf consideration, ana to sucu weight as you think' it de?ervC3, ia determining the duestion ot his sanity. Is it probable, the solving the questio-f, whether his unusual conduct is most reasonably ascribablo to in sanity or anger. You will judge whether this evidence sheds any light on the question. We all -remember, too, that the prisoner became suddenly ill here in this room on last Friday, and it has been shown that, after he was taken to the jail, he was laboring under delirium, and was, for a short time, phrensied and raving, lie imagined there were persons there trying to injure him. and he wanted the sheriff sent for to protect him, when the sher ig teas there trying to calm him. lie wanted to see his son, when his son was present. He fancied they wanted to shoot him, and that he saw blood on his breast, lie continued in that state near half an hour, when he fell asleep and awoke rational. This was delirium, "resulting," as Dr. Bunn testifies, "from de pression following high nervous excitement, and resembling mania a potu." "During its continuance, there can be no doubt he would not have been responsible for any act done by him. But, the question is not what was his condition on Friday, but on the 12th of Feb ruary, when he shot ilarbourg. , The evidence has no other bearing on this question thau a3 it tnpy tend to show the existence of some predisposition to delirium or mania, under like circumstances, "and from a similar cause, and of the same character. He had been un der excitement a week before the homicide. This fact, with the evidence now under'con sideration, it 13 argued, explains and accounts for h"i3 conduct at that time. It is not made appear,. however, that he labored under any delusion thea.: He was dealing with a' real character, and for a reason then given. To the excitement up to that time was added that of the terrible tragedy, of every thing that ha3 followed to hjm, and of this trial ; and yet we do not .learn that he had any mania or delirium during the intervening month. That mania, too, results from and follows excite ment; while he wa3 under high excitement at the time of the homicide. It is to be remarked, also, that in mania' a potu, with which. Dr. Buna classes it, the patient is not fierce, but tearful, his delusion being apprehended danger to himself, which he is trying to escape ; and so it was .with him on Friday. On the other hand, it is urged that the prisoner, during the whole of the veek before the homicide, was ferreting out and trying to ascertain the truth of the reports concerning his wife and the deceased; going from one person to another, and from place to place, n3 he discovered some new source of informa tion ; comparing statements and noticing dis crepancies, ia his efforts to get at the truth, a3 counsel would prepare a cause ; that, after having satisfied himself of the truth of the re ports, he provided the loaded pistol and wtnt to tho vicinity of the post oiiice, where, as it i3 alleged, he expected to find the deceas ed ; wr.itcd andwatched, lying in wait for him ia Wehn'a store, as it is also alleged, till he passed; followed him to the post oice, and shot him down what he declared a week befora he would do, if he found the report to be true, and giving that reason for it at the time and afterwards. Ia all this, it is argued against the prisoner, he wa3 following out and executing a deliberately formed and re peatedly declared purpose, reasoning at every step, and knowing and understanding what he was. about. It i? urged, also, that he afterwards wMit to the otSce of Irvin Rut- 'nre, Esq., knowing where it was, aud that he wfc'amagistrate; stating to him.that he had shot x Srbourg, and had come to surren d er hfiuelf into the hands of the law, expres- that we would be permitted, tcithout molesta rr t the same 'irne belief that God ! Hon, to cultivate the arts of peace and vindi- would forgive I:im, anu ! willingness to be tried by a jury of Jiia cou.T'JT- This, it 13 argued, all clearly shows, that lie knew at the time the nature and consequences' of the deed, and knew and understood ';efyre w'Jt tribunal he was answerable for it. You, gentlemen of the jury, will take into careful consideration the whole evidence, and determine the prisoner's responsibility. This is all we have to say toyou. If you nd the prisoner guilty, yon will state in your verdict the degree of his crime, or of what you find him guilty. If you find him not guilty on the ground of insanity, the only ground on which you can cacquit h:ra,-r-it will be your duty to state that you find he wa3 insane at the time of the commis sion of the act, and that you acquitdum.on that ground. "i And no ar, gentlemen, we have.dischargcd Our duy. We have dealt faithfully withthi3 case. We sit here, as you sit in that box, to discharge our duty, as yon must discharge yours, tinder the solemn obligations of an oath. llaviDgdone so, according to our best judgment, no conscious self-reproach, which we bioM of all consciences most dread, will ever rise up within U3 to disturb 113 in the future. I"pr other consequences, we are not responsible, it not our province, nor yours, to make the law, but to administer it. it is not for us or for you to remit it3 penal ties; the pardoning power is lodged in other hands Whatever the result may be, to the prisoner or to the public, whether it be a result which will convict the prisoner, or ac quit him, that will vindicate the law, or strike it down, whatever the result may be, we are acquitted at the. bar of our own con science. The case, and the responsibility of its de cision, are now with you. " On Wednesday, lGth inst, the two houses of our State Legislature met in joint convention, for the purpose of elect ing a Stale Treasurer. On the first ballot, Hon. Henry D. Moore, (Republican) of Philadelphia, who formerly held the office for two terms, was elected, receiving G6 votes against 5G for Wm. D. M'Grath, the preseut Democratic incumbent. Mr. Moore has heretofore proven himself a skillful and safe, financier; and with the experience he has alreadv had in the ofSce, it is safe to say that the financial affairs of the State will.be carefully guard ed in his hands. Since the appointment of Grant as Lieutenant Genera:, the position held for a year and a half by General Halleck ias been declared a superfluity. Accor dingly, the latter has been removed there from and made Chief of Staff at Wash ington. Sherman succeeds Grant in the comtnnnu 01 i;e Army or tne Csoutnwest. Grant's headquarterss Commander-in- chief, will be "in the field.". 1ST" It 13 rumored that Lieut. Gen Grant will soon take command of ; the Army of the Potomac, as General-in-chief, and movfl upon the enemy's works. If so, tncre win te aomctcking uone soon. Xgm The .President? has appointed Charles Gilpin U. S. District Attorney "or Philadelphia, vice George A." Coffey, deceased. . . - IKEl, The Richmond Dispatch pots Lent in the South lasts 365 days. j 2?3tio iillesliaiiian. UIGHTORWBOSG. WHEN RIGHT, TO BE KEPT RIGHT, WHEN'. W ROM O.'TO BE PCI RIGHT. EOEXSBUKG: THURSDAY::::::::::::::::::::::MARCH 21. -- for president: -ABRAHAM LINCOLN, of Illinois. The 'Answer," and tVnat of It. . The Dcm. & Sent, haa'given us what it is pleased to. style "an answer" to some queries we propounded, it , a few weeks ago. Let us look at it : It says it is "not ashamed to proclaim it sentiments ia favor of peace." We are not surprised at this it is lost to all sense of shame. . This is known and read of all men who" have the patience to wade through its filthy columns from week to week. .What kind of peace does it want? Since it is eternally harping on ( this one string, it certainly: ought to be able to define its position, and give us the terms of the peace it' sot-devotedly wishes. Just here, talking of peace, let U3 say there has .never been a. time . since the beginning of the rebellion when the rebels proposed any other terms of adjustment of our. difficulties than is contained in the desire, to be "let alone." .' In the last "Manifesto of the Confederate Congress to the Southern People," we have the desire of the-:e villainous outlaws Eet forth as fellows : . . ' In every form in which expression could be given to the sentiments in public meetings, through the pres3 by legislative resolves the desire of the people for the uninterrupted enjoyment of their rights and property, have been mad3 known. - The President, more authoritatively in several of his messages, protesting the utter absence of all desire to interfere with the United Statit, or acquire any of them, ba3 avowed that the advent of peace will be hailed with joy." Ajzam. "Commencing our new National life under such circumstances, we had a right to expect , care on our cnoscn arena, anu wuu iue tejevitu type of social characteristics, our claim to nvilization." This :s the kind of "peace" which Davis & Co. want, and this is the kind of peace :hich the D. &. S. wants. After those arch-riittrs and infernal scoundrels have succeeded in faveigling their willing dupes to resist the "powei? that be after they have initiated one of the ?ickcdcst rebellious on record, stolen the nations property, and deluged the land in blood ; after they have pulled down on their guil ty heads the execration of the whole civilized world there are whimpering curs in the North mean enough to yelp them on by saying, "wayward sisters, go in peace !' The cases of Mexico and lrea5 Britain are not parallel cases to our own at all. "England, proud England," never made a treaty with us until force of circumstau ces compelled her to so do, and Mexico the same. Has it come to this, that we, like a whipped spaniel, must cower before tho "Iord3 of the lash" and make peace be cause wecan do no better ?- Never! The D. & S. know3 better. r Then. 112am. we nave a rehash ot the 1 a old, threadbare assumption, "Why did our Government abandon the policy upon which it ptarted out at the commencement of the war!" Th"i3 is departing from the usual phraseology of the D. & S., and virtually acknowledging the "Administra tiou" is the "Government 1 ne acs?gn of tho Government is; to put down the rebellion at all hazards. It started out with jthe policy to save the Union with or without Slavery, as the case might be. After the war had progressed a consider able length of time, it became evident that Slavery was the hand by which the mouth of the rebellion was fed, and it was deter mined to sever this hand by one decisive blow. ' Cut. it has "turned the war into a crusade against the peculiar and local institutions of the South." This is what disturbs the night visions and day dreams of Southern sympathizers. Slavery , has been the master of the Shamocracy for the pas thirty years, and now because it ia in danger, the war ought to stop ! This same party has always been for war or against war, for peace or against peace, just as its master might decree. But it will have to give it up at last, for its leaders begin to acknowledge, unwillingly, that "Othello's occupation ia gone." The D. & S. thows poor proficiency in 1 its catechism, and it it does not answer betfer ic will never ba admitted into full communion. In answer to "Who are the Abolitionists ?" it says "they are shoddy contractors, unprincipled office holders, sycophants of base tyrants." Miiro than that, sir; if you mean all who are opposed to Slavery, then their name is legion. Peter Beauregard includes all the North under the ban, and to-day a vast majority of the honorable freemen of the North have passed the righteous decision that Slavery shall die. - -. "Who are those who first responded to their country's call ? Wrho are thoso who are enlisting by thousands V "Democrats," the D& S. stupidly drawls out. We do not deny that there are brave Democrats iu the army, but there are but few .Cojiper heads,, excepting those who were taken against their-will, or who crept into places f profit under disguise. ,Tt is very strange if our soldiers . are all Democrats, that when they came home last fall, according to the Copperhead press, . they all voted for Curtin. Please solve us that riddle, neighbor, and we will be able not only to "point to one Abolitionist," tut to thou sands "who have enlisted honorably in the army," notwithstanding the broad assertion that you have put forth, that not one sin gle "Abolitionist" has honorably enlisted in the army, within a thousand miles of this place. From the fact that we can't give the exact proportions, suppose we just' wait for the election returns next fall, when our noble braves will be allowed to vote, in defiance of the opposition of those sixteen' Copperhead Stae Senators. . ' "Wc nerer speak di-respcctfully of cur soldiers in the field, or. slander, them, so long as they behavo themselves." This is a deliberate lie. You have slandered our brave soldiers who went ' from ths place on every available opportunity. This is a matter so patent to all that we need net wasfc words 1 upon it. Never slander our soldiers ! why, what did you say only last week concerning the "emergency" men of last summer, who went forth to defend the State when her institutions were in deadly peril? Why, that they were common thieves aud pickpockets! We care nothing about the garbled ex tract from the Boston Common wealth, as to the ignorance prevailing in Massachu setts. She needs no defence by us, as she needed none in the day of Webster, when he replied to Ilayne. There she is, read her history. All the world knows of the reputation, of the schools and the general intelligence of New England, if the D. & S. does not. That there is ignorance there, wc do not deny ; but the statistics conclusively show that the greater amount of it is confined to the foreign populafion of this "self-righteous people." By the uy; it is touching a very sen&hivc point Wiien you broach a man's religion. The editor 01 the P- & S. has no more business with tho religion of the people of New England than we have with his. But we are willing to compare notes with him any day. And if we had a mind, we might tell such a bloody talc of stakes and mar tyrs as would throw the "burning of old women for witches" far into the shade. As to the "'Greenbacks," so Jong as the public are satisfied with their "value," it makes very little difference about the insane ravings of this mongrel sheet. See the fable of the fly on the horn of the ox. By the way, we seem to have a faint rec ollection of hearing of a certain editor who was proffered a five hundred dollar Green back for dues on subscription, and that he fumbled over his "pile" and found his change . wanting. We have just been wondering whether the issues of the same "paper mills" of Lincoln & Co. are still at par at the office of tho D. k S. We cannot close without advising the editor of the D. & S. to repent, because we are convinced his "end is nigh," politic ally, if he persists in his wicked ways. A day of reckoning is coming, when an incensed people will visit with fearful reckoning those who have hoodwinked and deceived them too long. These little one-horse teams, like the D. & S., who have more brass in their faces than brains in their head?, and who are continually crying "unconstitutional !" "unconstitu tional !" will be brought to a severe account, when the war closes which will soon take place and the traitors of the South have received their just doom. These sneaking torie3 will then be looked upon with-contempt, and they richly de serve the scorn and indignation of all Dod men. The thunder of a nation re generated from tho curse of treason and slavery will mutter "traitor !" in their ears, And as they skulk away down to their graves of shame, the lightnings of insulted justice will icarch their guilty souls to the very gates of hell. I'ut 111 111 Eown. n The Dan.ib Sent., unable to successf ' ly controvert our statement frith regards the political complexion of the"emer cy" company which'went from Ebensbur in June last, upon the occasion of tht rebel invasion of Pennsylvania-. 1 statement being to the effect thatof 11 ninety men composing it, only fionje dozen acknowledged themselves to ta Copperheads, ha3 recourse to a ver! dirty tut very characteristic' expedient order ti dodge the' true" issue. Unable tj deny our assertion, it doea the "next h- ming in its power, ana makes ira atteiB , to throw unlimited odium upon these ooi ilavu uu i&uvj ii4Ui i us 11 L LltC 'a & 1 bristling steel between their homes and firesides and 'tho ; war's desolation classing them in the same category th ieves and outlaws. It introduces the following extract from tho Bedford Ga zette of the 2Gth June last in support (,? its position : - -!; - " "The citizens of Bedford did all tbataj ' their power" to feed them (the "emergent? men): and make them comfortable. Euth.t was the surprise of our people, when tLey fc,BBj that instead of friends, they were really harbor ingfoes! For no sooner hn.l they arriyej tnaa they bepan to scatter abroad through the'ecas. try, etealing horses, shooting cattle, atiddestrcT ing propertj generally. They seemed to U under no restraint from their officers ; Ma,t 0; the latter, as we are informed, tncouragiitti men in their lawless conduct." Now, to phow up the Dcm. & Sent. in its tiuc light, let us continue the arliclp from. which it makes the abovo extract- and here jet us. remark th.3t the entin article as published in the Bedford Gaztiu was reproduced iu-thc Dem."& .Sent. ef date July 1, 18G3, we" quoting from tie Dcm. & SBil'i. own republication of it After mentioning that some cfScera "en couraged tho men in their liiTles con duct," the next two sentences goon to say that - - ,;Tru--, there were many well-behaTednndnu'et men nnioii these militia, and we, of coarse' ti- ccpt such in onr. animadversions upon tie coEcitirt of their rowdy companion". A compost tecx Eeexsbukg was ax i:osop.arle exceptional ire make thi mention so that ii'ftis'ice way t: be done thtm." Fair, honest-minded reader ! Whatca be said, thiok you, tco strongly denun ciatory of a sheet which thus unblushic--iy distorts the truth to suit its own selfish purposes What would you say cf tie man who quoted, as a justificatioa &r murder, the sixth commandment to read, "Thou thalt kill ?" Yet the one perver sion is no worse than the other, nor mora effectually obscures the tiue signification of what is intended to be said. We think we never, in our somewhat limited expe rience, saw or heard of a mere deliberate attempt at dishonest, dca'ing tbeni m evinced in this same experiment at fal sifying the record. Did you? It even overtops the Dcm. t Sent.' 8 assertion in July last, only two or three days before the battlo of Gettysburg, that the report of the rebel invasion of the State was a lie, an invention of the administration ta gel men into the army, that it wa3 ill a "big scare I" Oh I time, death, and the hereafter ! What is the world cominc: to when beincJ created in the image of God allow them selves to thus degrade their manhood ! Ij the theory of "total depravity" then the true odc ! But why eomplain ! Falsehood anj slander constitute tho natural "element of the Dem. & Sent. lying aud reiterating a lie its daily meat and drink. Conceiv ed in sin and reared in iniquity, to expect anything other than wickedness from i! teachings wore to reverse the general order of things. The age of miracles i' past. When a profane roan opes li mouth, it is to let fall an oath ; when the Dan, & Sent. brays, it is to give utters to falsehood and deceit. . The Dem. & Sent, is the accredit organ of, the Copperhead party of tbi county. If "liko father lie .son" be maxim which will hold a instance, to what an unfathomable depth ot moral blackness and darkness then most Dot that party bo sunk ! EXECUTOR'S NOTICE. Letters testamentary on the estat of George Leslie, dee'd. late of Carroll t?., Cam bria county, having been granted the sub scriber by" the Register cf said countr, persons indebted to said estate are requestc to call and settle the same Iniruedatclr, n those having claims agaiust said estate present rhem, properly authenticated, 10 settlement. H1UAXI FRu Carroll tp., March 2-1, lSC4-Ct: , TNSUIiANCE AGENCY. X James Purse, agent for the Blair count and Lycoming Mutual Fire Insurance Ca panics, Johnstown, Pa. ... Ei? Will fittfriil nrnmnt ranee in any part of Cambria county BP0B application by letter or in person. JAMES GRAHAM; K. J- THOJU-. G UAH AM & THOMAS, WHOLESALE GROCER. And Dealers ri flour, 157 Liberty brreet Tittsburo, Penn Dec26, lP6l-t( '