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: WHY t . . . Hi ' A. A AltKEIl, Editor and Proprietor. J.TOJD HUTCDIWSON, Publislier. , I WOULD RATHER BE RIGHT THAN PRESIDENT. Hksbt Clay. TEMi3'S1.50 IX ADVA5.CE- VOLUME 6. JQIR1CT0RY. MS? OF.PUST mm Tost Masters. Districts. Bethel Stuion 3arolltowt " Chess Sprfgs, Conemaugli Cresaon, . Enoch Reese, Joseph Behe, Henry Nutter, A. Q. Crooks, J. Houston, Blacklick. Carroll. Chest. Taylor. Washint'n. Ebensburg. White. Gallitzin. Washt'n. Johnst'wn. Loretto. Concm'gh.: Munster. Ebensburg. . - John Thompson, Fallen Timbe, Asa H. Fislce OalUtzin, Hemlock, Johnstown, Loretto, J. M. Christy, Wm Tiley, Jr., I. E. Chandler, . M. Adlesberger, E. Wissinger, . A. Durbin, Mineral Point Manster, Plattsville, Andrew J Ferral, Susq'han. G. W. Bowman, White. KOSeianu at Anrustine.l Stan. Wharton, Clearfield. Scalp Level, fceorse Berkey, Richland. Sonnian, Summerhill, Summit, Wilmore, . p. M uoigan, wasuLu. B. F. Slick, Croyle. William M'Connell Washt'n. orris Keil, S'merhill. CIIIJRCIIW, MINISTERS, &C. Presbyterian Jev. D. Harbison-, Pastor. Preaching ever Sabbath morning at 10$ O'clock, and in tip evening at 6 o'clock. Sab oath School at 1 clock, A. M. Prayer meet ing every ThursdVy evening at 6 o'clock. Methodist Episcopal Church Rev. J. S. Lem vov, Preacher in chrge. Rev. W. H. M'Bride, Assistant. Preachogevcry alternate Sabbath morning, at 10J o'clock. . Sabbath School at 9 o'clock A. M. Praytr meeting every Thursday evening, at 7 o'clocy Welch lndependcni-Rvr Ll. R. Powell, Pastor. Preaching ery Sabbath morning at 10 o'ciock, and in tin evening at 6 o'clock. Sabbath School sit 1 o'clock, P. 51. Prayer meeting on the first 5bnday evening of each month ; and on every Tiesday, Thursday and Friday evening, exceping the first week in each month. ! Calvinistic Methodist-Vv. Johx Williams, Pastor. Preaching ever Sabbath evening at 2 and 6 o'clock. SabbathSchool at V o'clock, A. M. Prayer meeting e'ery Friday evening, at 7 o'clock. Society evy Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock. Disciples Rev. W. Lloy, Pastor. Preach ng every Sabbath morningat 10 o'clock. Particular Baptists Rev David Jenkins, Pastor. Preaching every Sit)bath evening at 3 o'clock. Sabbath School at it 1 o'clock, P. M. Catholic Rev. 51. J. Mitchell, Pastor. Services every Sabbath mornirgat 10J o'clock and Vespers at 4 o'clock in tb i evening. EDCSnVRG MAILS ARRIVE! . Eastern, daily, at 11? Vclock, A. 51. Western, at H 'clock, A. 51. 5IA1LS CLOSE. Eastern, dailv, at' 8 oplock, P. 51. Western, " " at 8 oUock, P. 51. 5rThemailsfromButler,India'ja!Strong3 town, &c, arrive on Thursday of ach week, at 5 o'clock, P. 51. Leave Ebensburg on Friday of eich week, at & A. 51. BThe mails from Newman's 5Hls, Car rolltown, &c, arrive on Monday, Wolnesdny nd Friday of each week, at 3 o'clock, P. 51. Leave Ebensburg on Tuesdays, Thursdays fcnd Saturdays, at 7 o'clock, A. 51. . ' RAILROAD SCHEDULE. CRESSON STATION. West Bait. Express leaves at Fast Line Phila. Express Mail Train it ii i " Emigrant Train East Through Express " Fast Line M Fast -Mail " Through Accom. tc i it 8.38 P. M. 3 2.36 A, 51. 7.08 A. 51. 10.39 A. 51. ! - t . f t'OUXTl' OFFIC'ERSf j Jud'es of the Courts President, Hon. Geo. Taylor, Huntingdon; Associates, George W. Easley, Henry C. Devine. , . Prothonotary Joseph M'DonaM. Register and Recorder J ames Griffin. Sheriff John Buck. District Attorney Philip S. Noon. 'County Commissioners Peter J. Little, Jnol Campbell, Edward Glas3. Treasurer Isaac Wike. Poor House Directors Georgo 5rCulIough, Georce Delanv. Irwin Ratledge. Poor House Treasurer George C. K. Zahni. Abators William J. Williams, George L K. Zahm, Francis Tierney. County Surveyor. Henry Scanlan. Coroner. -William Flattery. Mercantile Appraiser Patrick Donalioc. Sup't. of Common Schools J. F. Condon. tBEiVSDtllCJ BOR. OFFICERS. AT LARGE. r Justices of the Peace David II. Roberts Etrri8on Kinkead. Burgess A.'A. Barker. School Directors A'-el Lloyd, Pbil S. Noon, Joshua D. Parrisb, Hugh Jones, E. J. Mills, David J. Joue3. , . . EAST WARD. . Conttahle Thomas J. Davis. Town Council J. Alexander 5Ioore, Djiniel 0. Evans, Richard Ii. Tibbott, Evftu E. Evans,( William Clement. r ! i Inspectors Alexander Jones. P. O. Evaus.- Judge of Election Richard Jones, Jr. . Assessor Thomas 51. Jones. Assistant Assessors David E. Evans. Wtt. D. Davis. : . , ' WK9T WARD. Constahle William Mills, Jr. ' Town Council John Dougherty, George C. Zahm, Isaac Crawford, Francis A. Shoe asker, Jamea S, Todd. inspectors G. W. Oatman, Roberta Evans. Judge of Election Michael Hasson. or- Jam e3 Murray. . To" lttant Authors William Barnes, Dan ltC. Zahm. " ' - ' 8.18, A. 51. 1 The Chicago Couvention. APPEAL OF THE NATIONAL CNI05 COMMITTEE TO THE PEOPLE OF T1IE "UNITED STATES. ' J ;- Headquarters National Union Committee, New-York, Sept. 9, 1864, The great rebellion which lor more than three years has wrapped the nation in the flames of civil war, draws near its crisis. Its armies have been beaten,' its territory ha been conquered, the forts and posts which it treacherously seized have been occupied and held by the sol diers of the Republic, its foreign allies have been detached from its support, and its hostile arm, paralyzed by exhaustion and discouraged by defeat, is upheld sole--ly by the hope of political victories 'to be achieved by its allies" in the. Presidential election of November next. If the People in that election sustain the Government, if they reassert its just authority and reaffirm their purpose to maintain it by war so long as war assails it, the 'Rebellion will speedily, end. If they falter in this determination, or leave any room for doubt on this vital point, the Rebels will take fresh courage and prolong the contest. Every utterance of their organs and their agents affirms and confirms this position. Every Rebel in arms' and every Rebel in ' office- every Rebel organ in the Rebel States or in foreign lands every hater of Democratic Freedom and the Rights of Man, longs and labors for; the overthrow of the ad-; ministration and the expulsion of Abra ham Lincoln from the Presidential chair. In the Northern and Western States this hostility has been embodied and or ganized iu the acts and declarations of the Chicago Convention. That Conven tion gives a silent approval of the rebel lion itself, and an open condemnation of the war waged for its suppression. With out a word of censure for the conspirators who plotted the nation's death, it brands with unsparing denunciation the patriots and heroes who defend its life. While it passes in utter silence the gigantic usur pations cf Jefferson Dayis and his confed erate traitors, while it overlooks entirely,' and thus, by just and necessary inference, approves their abrogation of political rights and personal liberties over all that portion of the United States in which they have been able thus far to sustain their usurped authority, it pours out its wrath, without,stint or measure, upon every act by which the Constitutional President of the United States has sought to defend and protect the life and liberties of the nation, whose executive power is placed in his hands. -..., That Convention has no words of exul tation for our victories; no thauks and honors for the soldiers and sailors who have shed their b!6od to achieve them. crsof war in a sufferin" ; condition," it has not even a syllable of censure for those. Rebel authorities 1 who, with more than savac:c cruelty, and in utter disregard of every dictate of humanity, as well as of nf f.iv'ili7.nd warfare, have de- j - - o : - libcrately and ' with systematic' purpose inflicted upon those prisoners all the tor tures of exposure, of neglect and starva tion, aDd have offered premiums for their murder to tbc brutal guards to whose grim custody they have been consigned. t And,' on the very eve of the most glorious vic tories that have ever crowned our arms after . three years of bloody, costly and successful war, when three-fourths of the territory originally held by the Rebels has passed into our hands j at the very moment when the Rebellion itself is tot tering to its fall, and the flag of our country is rapidly advancing to its old supremacy, the party represented a Chi cago demands that "immediate efforts he. made for a cessation of hostilities" a step which would instantly arrcbt our conquer ing armies and snatch from them the glories of a dial triumph," - repeal the blockade, and throw the whole Rebel frontier open to the supplies they so sorely need, secure the recognition of foreign powers, and cither accomplish their inde- pendencc or give them the ability to fight for it four years longer. ; ; . - .: VJ ; Wc appeal to the. people of the United States clovers of the Union and friends of Freedom against the consummation of the foul crime against both which the acts und declarations1 of tho 3hicago Con vention involve, u We invoke them not.to sanction these principles ana senti ments bv electing the candidates put for ward to represent them.' We imploro them as they love their country, a3 they seek the renewed integrity of its territory, as thev desire the peaceful protection of its flag, and the blessings oi its iree insti tutions and its equal laws lor themselves J l Vv 1 While it denounces our joycrnment for - 7 08 P M neglect of duty toward our "fellow-citizens, 3 15 P m! I who ue now, and long have been, prison- EBENSBTJRG, PA , THURSDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1864. and their posterity, not to arrest the blow which is just ready to descend upon the Rebellion now tottering to its fall; not to give the Rebels time to renew their strength for fresh conflicts ; . not to aid those who would aid them in overthrow ing our Government, in destroying our Union, in plunging into a chaos of an archy: the great communities - of which the Constitution makes one great and glorious Nation, aud in thus extinguishing, finally and forever, the hopes of all who have faith in Freedom and the Rights of Man. We call upon the People to bear in mind that, by whatever sophistries they may cloak their purposes, the Chicago Convention neither condemns the action of the Richmond Rebels, nor proposes to expel them against their will, or by any exercise of force, from the seats of power they have usurped. In all essential re spects the action that Convention took accords with the results the Rebels seek. Roth desire a cessation of ' hostilities. Roth denounce, with unsparing bitterness, the Government of the United States, and both alike seek it3 overthrow. Roth de mand that the attempt to conquer armed Rebellion by force of arms shall be aban doned. And both demand that, when the Government of the United States shall have passed into the hands of men opposed to an armed defense of the Government against rebellion, the war shall end by peaceful conference of these allied powers. What more than this could the Rebels ask or need for the consummation of all their plans? We call upon the People to bear in mind that, if they elect the candidates of the Chicago Convention, they" arrest the Government in the execution of its plans and purposes on the very eve of their fulfillment, and one-third of a year before any new administration can take its place. The interval will be one of hope and confidence for the Rebels, and of exultation for their allies in the loyal States. In the Western States armed preparations have already been made by the disciples and advocates of secession, to follow the. example of the South, and sever the West from the Federal Union. The success of the Chicago programme in November, will be the signal for carrying these designs into execution; atd the fourth of March will dawn upon a new Western confederacy, aiming at indepen dence, defying the power of the nation al arms,: aud co operating with the slave power of the Southern States in blotting from existence the free Republic of the Western world. We call upon the people to crush all these schemes, and to brand their authors and allies with their lasting reprobation. Wc call upon them to support the Gov ernment, to quell the rebellion, to defend and preserve the Union. We call upon them to stand by the President, who, un der circumstances of unparalleled difficulty, has wielded the power of the nation with unfaltering courage and. fidelity, with in tegrity which even calumny has not dared to impeach, aud with wisdom and prudence upon which euccess is even now stamping the surest and the final seal. His election will proclaim to the world the unaltered and . unalterable . determination , of the American people to que i I the rebellion and Eave the Uuion. It will strike down forever the false hopes and expectations of the Rebel government, and proclaim to the people of the Robcl States that their only hope of peace lies in abandoning their hostility to the Government and resuming their allegiance to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. Wo call upon the Union Committees and the Union Leagues, and upon all loy al associations in every State, County and Town, to perfect their organizations ; to infuse fresh vigor and activity into their operations; to canvass carefully and promptly their repsctivc districts; to cir circulate Documents and Newspapers con taining just and forcible expositions of the merits of our cause ; to combat by assem blages of the people in public meetings, by- public speeches, by conversation, by letters and pcrsoual appeals, and in all just and proper modes, the deceptive and perilous sophistries of the agents" and po litical allies 'of the rebellion. Let them be on thcir- guard against ihc arts of cor ruption and of intrigue wl.ich. will be brought, ... with unscrupulous desperation, to bear upon them. The Rebel Govern ment, and those Foreign Pjwcra mostdecp ly interested in our dcstvuction,'cou!d well afford to expend millions in overthrowing this administration, and placing in power the nominee and representatives of the Chicago Convention. The skies are bright and full of prom ise. The lion-hearted citizen-soldiers of the Republic march with steady step and unfaltering purpose to a speedy and glori ous victory.. The heart of the people beats true t the Union. . Every triumph of the Union arms over the Rebel troop3 arouses afresh the courage and confidence of Union men, and chills the heart and decimates the ranks. of the submission secessionists represented at Chicago. A Union victory in November will end the long and laborious strife. It will paralyze the arm of the Rebellion. It will disperse its armies, destroy the hope by which the despotism at Richmond now holds its sub jects in bondage, release the people of the Southern States from their enforced dis loyalty, and give them again the blessings ol'self-governmcnt within the Union and un der the protecting Constitution and Flag of the United States. It will enable our own government to exchange the Weapons of war for the counsels of peace, to relax the stern" control over public action and pub lic speech which a state of war renders unavoidable, to restore ouv financial sys tem, to dissolve all military courts, and hand over aqain to the civil tribunals of justice the punishment of crime and the preservation of public order, and to restore to their firesides and their homes, clothed with honors and to be held in everlasting remembrance, that great army of our citizen-soldiers who have bared their breasts against armed rebellion, and won the imperishable renown of saving the glorious Union, for which their fathers and their brothers died. II. J. RAYMOND, Chairman. m m- m Wlio Is Responsible" for luc War? The following remarks were made by Alexander II. Stevens, now Vice Presi dent of the Southern Confederacy, at the Georgia" Convention which met at Mil ledgcville, in November, 18G0, to consider the question of seceding from the Union. His arguments against secession are valu able as a matter of history : When we and posterity shall see our lovely South desolated by the demons of war. which this act of yours will inevita bly invite and call forth ; when our green fields of waving harvests shall be trod den down by the murderous soldier' and fiery car cl war sweeping over our land ; our temples of justice laid in ashes ; all the horrors and desolations of war upon u., wh but this convention will be held responsible for it ? and who but him who shall have given his vote for this unwise and. ill-timed measure shall be held to strict account for this suicidal act by the present generation, and probably cursed and execrated by posterity for all coming time, for the wide and desolating ruin that will inevitably follow this act you now propose to perpetrate ? Pause, 1 entreat 3ou, and consider for a moment what reasons you can give that will even satisfy yourselves in calmer mo ments what reasons can you give to your fellow-sufferers in the calamity that it will bring upon us ? What reasons can you give to the nations of the earth to justify it ? They will be the calm and deliberate judges in the case ; and to what cause or one overt act can wc point, on which to rest the plea of justification ? What right has the North assailed ' What interest of the South has been invaded ? What justice has been denied 1 and what claim founded in justice, what right has been withheld ? Can either of you to-day name one governmental act of wron deliberate ly and purposely doue by the government at Washington, of which the South has a right to complain ? I challenge the an swer 1 While on the other hand, let me show the fact (and believe mo, gentlemen, I a m not hero the advocate of the North, but I am here the friend, the firm friend and lover of the South and her institutions, and for this reason I speak thus plaiuly and faithful to yours, mine, and every oth er man's interest, the words of truth and soberness,) of which I wifeh yu to judge, and I will only state facts which. arc clear and uudcniablo, and which now stand as records . authentio in the history of our country. When we of the South demanded the slave trade or the importation of Africans for the cultivation of our lands, did they not yield for twenty years ' When we asked a three-fifth representation in Con gress for our slaves, was it not granted? When we asked and demanded the return of any fugitive from justice, or the recov ery of those persons owing labor or allegi ancej was it not incorporated in the con stitution? And again, ratified and strengthened in the Fugitive Slave law of 1850? - : . , Do you reply that in many instances they have violated this compact, and have not been faithful to their engagement ? As individuals and local communities they may have done so ; but not by the sanc tion of government, for that has always teen true to Southern interests. Again, gentlomcn, look at another fact : when we have asked that more territory should be added, that we might spread the institu tion of slavery, have they not yielded to our demands and given . us Louisiana, Florida aud Texas, out of which four States have been carved, and ample terri tory for four more to bo added in due time, if you by this unwise and impolitic act do not destroy this hope, and perhaps j by it lose all, and have your last slave wrenched from you by stern military rule, as South America and Mexico had ; or by the vindictive decree, of . a universal emancipation which may reasonably be expected to follow ? Rut again, gentlemen, what have wc to gain by this proposed change of our rela tion to the general government ? Wc have always had the control, and can yet, if we remain in it, and are united as we have been. We have had a majority of the Presidents chosen from the South, as well as the control and management of thoso chosen from the North. We have had sixty years of Southern President? to their twenty-four, thus controlling the Executive Department. . So of the Judges of the Supreme Court: we Lave had eigh teen from the South, and but eleven from the North ; although nearly four-fifths of the juaicial business has arisen in the free States, yet a majority of the Court has al ways been from the South. This we have required so as to guard against any inter pretation of the constitution unfavorable to us. In like manner we have been equally watchful to guard our interests ic tho leg islative branch of government. In choo sing the presiding officer (pro. tern.') of the State, we have had twenty-four and they eleven. " While the majority of the representatives, from' their greater popu lation, has always been from the North, yet we have generally secured the Speaker, because he, to a great extent, shapes and controls the legislation of the couatry. Nor had we less control in every depart ment of the general government. Attor ney Generals we had fourteen, while the North had but five. Foreign ministers wc had eighty-six, and they but forty-four. While three-fourths of the business which demauds diplomatic agents from abroad is clearly from the North, from their greater commercial interests, yet we have had the principal embassies, so as to secure the world's markets for our cotton, tobacco and sugar, on thr best possible terras. . Wc have had a . vast majority of the higher ofiice3 of the army and uavy, while a larger portion of the soldiers and sailors were drawn from the North. Equally so of clerks, auditors and comptrollers filling the Executive department; the records show that, for the last fifty years, of the throe thousand thus employed wo have had more than two-thirds, while we have but one-third of the white population of the republic. Again, look at another item, and one, be assured, in which wc have a great and vital interest that of revenue, or means of supporting the government. From of ficial documents wc learn that a fraction over three-fourths of the revenue collected for the support of the government has uniformly been raised from the North. Pause now, while'" you can, gentlemen, and contemplate carefully and candidly these important itcm3. Look at another necessary branch of government,- and learn from stern statistical facts how mat ters stand in that department. I mean the mail and post oifice privileges wc en joy under the general government as it has been for years past. The expense for the transportation cf the mail in the free States was, by the report of the Postmaster-General for 1SG0, a little over $13, 000,000, while the income was $19,000, 000. Rut in the slave States the trans portation of tho mail was $14,710,000, while the revenue was only . $8,000,205, leaving a deficit of $0,715,735, to be supplied by the North for our accommo dation, and without which we mut have been entirely cut off from this most es sential branch of the government. .Leaving out of view, for the present, the countless millions of dollars you must expend in a war with the. North, there will be thousands and tens of thousands of your sons and brothers slain in battle, and offered up as sacrifices upon the altar of ambition aud for what, we ask again? It is for the overthrow of the American government, established by our common ancestry, cemented and buiL up by their sweat, and blood, and founded on tho broad principles of right, justice and hu manity. And as such, 1 must declare here, as I have often done before, and which has been repeated by the greatest and wisest statesmen and patriots of this and other lands, that it is the best and freest government the most equal in its rights tho most just in its decisions the most lenient "in its punishments the most lnspiriog in its measures to elevate the race of man ever shone upon. that the sun in heaven NUMBER 2. Now, for you to attempt to, overthrow such a government as this, under which, we have lived for more than three quar ters of a century in which we have gain ed our wealth, our standing as a nation, our domestic' safety, with no elements of peril around us, but with peace and tran quility, accompanied by unbounded pros perity and rights unaesailed is the height of madness, folly and wickedness, to which I can lend neither my sanction nor my vote. m m ''- Words orrfhdom. :-- Judge Miles, of the U, S. Circuit Court of Wisconsiu, gives the following: report of a recent interview with President Lin-' coin. The calm reasoning "of tlio Prci dent is worthy of the candid consideration of every patriotic citizen. Hear the Pres ident in vindication of his devotion to our common country: "Sir," said the President, "the slightest knowledge of arithmetic will prove to any man that the rebel armies cannot be destroyed with Democratic strategy. It would sacrifice all the white men, of the North to do it. There are now in the service of the United States near two hundred thousand able bodied colored men, most of them under arms, defending aud acquiring Union territory. The Demo cratic strategy demands that these forces be disbanded, and that the masters becon cilliatcdby restoring them to Elavcry.,Tho black men who now assist Union prisoners to escape, arc to be converted into our enemies, in the vaiu hope of gaining the good will of their masters. We shall have to fight two nations instead of one. , , "You cannot conciliate the South if you guaranty to them ultimate success, and the experience of the present war proves their success is inevitable if you fling the com pulsory labor of millions of .black mea into their side of the scale. Will you give jour enemies such military advanta ges as to insure success, and then depend on'coaxing, flattery and concession to get them into the Union? Abandon a'.l the posts now garrisoned by black. men; take two hundred thousand men from our side and put them in the battlefield or cornfield against us, and we would be compelled to abandon the war in three weeks. " : - v "We have to hold territory in inclement and sickly places ; where are the Demo crats to do this ? It waa a free fight, and the field was open to the war Democrats to put down this rebellion by fighting against both master and slave, long before the present policy was inaugurated. ; . .. : . "There have been men baso enough to propose to me to return to slavery the black warrior? of Port Hudson and Olus tee, and thus win the respect of the mas ters they fought. Should I do so I Bhould deserve to be dammed in time and eternity. Come what will, I will keep my faith with friend and foe. My enemies pretend 1 am now carrying on this war for tho sole purpose of abolition. : So long as I am President it shall be carried on for the sole purpose of restoring the Unions Rut no human power can subdue this rebel lion without the use of the emancipation policy, and every other policy calculated to weaken the moral and physical forces of the rebellion. .... i "Freedom has given us two hundred thousaud men raised oq Southern sail. It will give us more yet. Just o 'much It has subtracted from the enemy, and in stead of alienating the South, there 'are now evidences ot a fraternal feeling grow ing up between our men and the rauk aud file of the rebel soldier s. Let my enemies prove to tho contra-, that the destruction of slavery is not necessary to a restoration of the Uuion, and 1 will abide the isue." ; : mm' ' E3uGen. Garfield, in a recent speech at Cincinnati, aid: "The Chicago Con vention asserts that the war' is a failure. That assertion I pronounce to be a criminal lie before the American .people.--: Their next proposition is what they propose to do about it. They demand a cessation ot hostilities. What docs that msm ? Does it mean merely a command to cease firing alon-4 tho lines ? No ; it mentis our armies shall face right about and leave tho ene my's country. There is no" cessation; ot hostilities while you hold the enemy's country, therefoic, if you cease hostilities, you must sound the bugle all -along Ihc line from Texas to the Atlantiej t ha -our bravo troops shall turn arouud and march back home," ' . , ZZZ- Silas Wright, who was one of tho best and the purest Democrats of his time, once said: "If umong us there be'any who arc prepared, for any earthly object; to dismember our Coufcdcracy, and des troy that Constitution which binds us tcT gether, let licatc of an Arnold he theirs, and let the detestation and, scorn of every American be their constant companions, until, like hiai. they hall abandon a country whose rich blessings they arc no longer worthy to enjoy.'' s r r?