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The patriot. [volume] (Indiana, Pa.) 1914-1955, December 12, 1914, The Patriot, Image 3

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Oddities of Atmosphere, Cloudt,
Fogs and Lightning.
They Drink Up AH Moisture So Quick-
That Everything Becomes as Dry
( Tinder —Ancles Lightning and the
( Ship f the Bay of Chaleur.
ud caps form on mountain tops
wueo a current of moist air ascends
the slope of the mountain, for the air
cools as It rises und the moisture in it
On the flat top of Table mountain,
near Cape Town, a strong southeast
wind produces a horizontal sheet of
cloud known as the "tablecloth." This
cloud often appears to pour over the
•teep leeward side of the mountain
like a mighty cataract The "spread
ing of the tablecloth" Is a sign of bud
weather. At a little distance from the
mountain a second cloud often forms
A similar pair of clouds often seen
near Cross fell. In England, are known
as the "helm and bar." The helm, or
helmet forms over the mountain when
a violent wind known as the "helm
wind" Is blowing. The bar appears t:
mile or two to leeward.
At Callao, on the coast of Peru, sail
ors often encounter a foul smelling
fog that deposits a brown slimy coat
Ing on white paint and metal and hence
la called the "painter."
Another remarkable fog on the Peru
▼fan coast is known as the "garua."
It occurs in a region where rain Is
unknowu and supplies sufficient mois
ture © support vegetation.
i Red fog 9 frequently occur off the
northwest coast of Africa, between
the Canaries and the Cape Verde is
lands. They are sometimes so dense
as to make navigation difficult. The
color is owing to dust that the trade
wind brings from the Sahara desert
Certain valleys in the Alps are pf
ten visited by a very warm and dry
Wind known as the "fohn." The effects
of this wind are particularly striking
In winter. The snow melts anil evap
orates as if by magic; woodwork be
comes as dry as thul ". and great pre
cautions are necessary to prevent the
occurrence of the disastrous tires
known as "fobn tires" that often d<-
•troy whole towns and villages. No
cooking is permitted while the fohn
Is blowing, and not even a pipe or a
vtte may be lighted. Many per
tuffer with "fohn sickness" when
this wind prevails. The Chinook
1 western United States Is similar
v iracter and origin to the fohn.
<jver the waters of the bay of Cha
leur. In Canada, a mysterious pbenom
enon known as the "fire ship" is some
times seen by night. It is a roughly
hemispheric al mass of luminosity, with
Its flat side to the water, but some
times it rises in slender moving col
umns that resemble the flaming rig
ging of a ship. It Is supposed to fore
tell a storm. No satisfactory explana
tion of this phenomenon has ever been
"Andes lightning" is the name given
to a very striking luminous discharge
of electricity seen over the crest of the
Andes. In Chile, in a region where or
dinary thunderstorms are almost un
known. The mountains appear to act
as gigantic lightning rods, betweeu
which and the clouds silent discharges
take place on a vast scale. A contin
uous glow is seen about the summits,
with occasional outbursts like the
beams of a great searchlight. These
displays have been seen by vessels
800 miles from the coast.
Among the snow clad Alps a curi
ous and beautiful phenomenon Is some
times observed at the close of the day
The rosy illumination of the mountalu
summits passes away, from below up
ward, as the sun sinks below the op
posite horizon, and for a few minutes
the peaks, with their rocks and snows,
have a livid appearance; then gradual
ly they are lighted up with a second
rosy glow, and this may last for as
much as an hour after sunset This
ts called the "recoloratlon of the Alps,"
or, in the case of the giant of the
group, the "resurrection of Mont
Blanc." The whole series of phenome
na 19 called the "alpenglow."—Youth's
Marjorie, aged four, was In the li
brary with her father while her moth
er was superintending the preparation
of dinner. The attention of the head
of the bouse was attracted by a scratch
ing sound, and he looked up to find
his daughter at work with a pair of
scissors on the top of a polished table.
"Marjorie," be said sternly, "go tell
your mother what you've been dolngf'
"I won't do it, papa!" she said "Do
you think I'm a tattietale?"—Judges.
Siamese Royal Etiquette.
By a remarkable law of royal etl
quette which has existed for a number
of years at the court of Siam no per
eon is permitted to sleep in an apart
ment situated above that occupied by
the king. A deliberate breach of this
rale has on more than one occasion
teen punishpd by death.
Homemade Paste.
♦xpensive paste is made of one
ifato grated fine. Add boiling
lougb to make It clear and boil
ites. This Is much better than
uuui or cornstarch paste for all kinds
of pastStg.— Woman's Home Compan
I believe in laughter, in love. In faith,
fn all distant hopes that lure us on.—
Photo by American Press Association.
Soldiers distributing food to tte*
Sociologists interested En Mas
Daomed io Bis.
Five Arc Mcx : c*ns of Ignorant Type i
Without or Influential Friends.
Women Figured 4n Some of the Trag
edies—Two of the Cases Now Up
on Appeal.
Lawyers and social students who
have considered the personalities of
thb ion men awaiting execution Doc. ;
19 in the Arizona state prison say ih:: !
questions of grave sociological impon
are suggested.
Five of the convicts are Mexicans,
lacking in education, without money
or influential friends and reared in an
atmosphere of questionable morality
In several instances their victims were
of like kind, ami their crimes were rlu
culmination of troubles in which w<m j
en were concerned.
In every instance the | ...uiy ot
■death was stipulated by the jury ex
cept in the case of one Mexican, who
pleaded guilty before trial.
The cases of two men not included
in the ten are before the supreme
eonrt on appeal. These two men are
Americans. Robert D. TaiJey and Louia
Nelson. The former killed Jesse G.
Danner, stepfather of his prospective
bride, at the end of a tight caused by
Danner's anger at Talley's efforts to
correct the alleged waywardness of
two sisters of his protective wife.
The homicide took place in Gila county.
The other case is that of Louis Nel
son, who killed Albert Jones In the
Copper City club in Cochise county.
What the Others Did.
The crimes of the ten other men
were as follows:
Eduardo Perez shot and killed Fe
licio Chacon, member of a railway
bridge gang, at Congress Junction.
Aug. 14, 3910, the trouble starting over
a woman.
William Campbell, negro bootblack,
killed Ernest Presti, white, known as
"Kid Ivirby." pugilist, in Prescott on
May 9, 1911. A poker game had caus
ed enmity.
Miguel Pcralta shot and killed his
former wife, who had divorced him
He also killed Juan Delgado, whom
he found with her. This crime took
place in Jerome, June 29, 1912, in the
presence of the Peraltas' several small
N. B. Chavez, drunk, sought to
"shoot up" his own home In Jerome,
Aug. 27, 1910. Patrolman Charles E
King, seeking to end the trouble, was
shot and killed.
Francisco Rodriguez of Phoenix was
told by his wife on April 2. 1911, tfte'
she would leave him. He got drunk
Pleading with her for a reconciliation
he led her into the railroad yards and
murdered her.
Killed For Refusing Ride.
Charles Shaffer, a discharged raii
road laborer, killed Edward Giles, who
would not let him ride ou a construe
tion train on the Arizona Eastern line
in Gila county.
W. W. Kermeen and J. T. Harrell ot
Paerce went hunting together on May
T, 1914. Harrell was killed by a rifle
ball. Kermeen took his watch and
other effects and fled to El Paso, but
was arrested. After conviction he said
he had not intended robbery and had
no motive for murder, but had been
seized with a mad impulse when sit
ting by the roadside.
A. M. Leonard and John Tomlin, one
barely past his majority, stole a bicycle
in Mesa City on the evening of Nov.
12. 1913. City Marshal H. S. Peter
son pursued. They fled into a field,
and when he approached they shot him
Francisco Garcia stabbed and killed
Charles Harris, a special policeman, in
the railroad yards in Phoenix on the
night of July 0. 1913.
Part of Wisdom.
Crawford—You can't reason with a
woman. Crabshaw—l never try. It's
much easier to jolly her.—J adge.
She—A man's wife should be very,
very dear to him. lie—L>ear. but not
hungry in a town in Belgium.
Some Loud Noises Cannot Be Heard
Experimenters in vibration have
found that no sound, no matter how ?
loud it may be, can be heard unless it
lasts longer than one-fortieth of a sec
ond. They have found that both the
number of vibrations and the duration
of sound influence its audibility, prob
ably the latter more than the former.
This means that there are untold num
bers of piercing sounds with infinites
imal vibrations and short duration oc
curring every moment about us. For- j
tunately we are unable to hear them,
else we should be driven crazy in a
short time. The ear apparatus is so
constructed that it records only those
sounds that last one-fortieth of a sec
ond or over. —Chicago Tribune.
o I£U, by American Press Association.
Cremation fn Norway.
There is in Norway a law dealing
with cremation. According to the act.
every person over fifteen years of age
can be cremated after death if he or
she has made a declaration in the pres
ence of two witnesses. For those? un
der fifteen a declaration on the part of
the parents is necessary.—London
Do not worry; eat three square
meals a day; say your prayers; be
courteous to your creditors; keep
your digestion good; exercise; go
slow and go easy. Maybe there
are other things that your special
case requires to make you happy,
but, my friend, these I reckon will
give you a good lift —Abraham
Same as Being Away.
Neighbor's Little Girl—When did you
get back, Mrs. Browne? Did you have
a nice time?
Neighbor—Why, I haven't been away,
my dear.
"Haven't you, really? I'm sure I
heard mother say you and Mr. Browne
had been at Loggerheads for a week.'
—National Monthly.
Good habits bring a personal
freedom that it is impossible to ob
tain otherwise. The man who has
the habit of doing anything that
he ought to do with clocklike reg
ularity is saved from a galling
bondage of uncertainty, hesitation,
energy wasting debate with him
self, renewed day after day and
growing more of a burden as life
*l* she homely?"
"Well. I wouldn't say thafr exactly.
But after taking one look at her no one
would ever think of asking why she
bad never married." Detroit Free
Curious Laws In India.
Some of the old laws of Nepal. India,
were curious. Killing cows ranked with
murder as a capital offense, for in
stance. Every girl at birth was mar
ried with great ceremony to a betel
fruit, which was then cast into a sa
cred stream. As the fate of the fruit
was uncertain, the girl was supposed
never to become a widow. To obtain
divorce from a husband a wife had
only to place a betel nut under his pil
low and depart.
In Nepal the day is considered to be
gin when it is light enough to count
the tiles on the roof or distinguish the
hairs on a man's hand against the sky.
rtais eat Store Stock.
August Schmidt was acquitted at
Greensburg, Pa., of embezzlement
Blame for the $2,460 shortage ol
goods in the store of which ne was
manager in Monessen, was fixed on
the hordes of rats that infest the build
ing, according to a half dozen wit
nesses. The rodents killed twenty
seven cats and a weasel, bought to ex
terminate them. Clerks in the store
testified that a half crate of eggs would
be destroyed in a night and that seven
teen barrels of flour had been eaten
by the rats in a short time.
President Will Not Take !>tump.
President Wilson announces that he
will make no speaking tour during the
campaign. He believes his duty is a
More GlcDetrotters Happy Again.
The Whirc Star liner Cedric has al
rived from Europe with 1,460 passes
gers, 848 of whom were Americans.
Family Ate Toadstools.
John Snvder of Sharon, Pa., and
family nearly died from eating toad
stools in mistake for mushrooms.
Potatoes For England.
New Brunswick has decided tr
a gift of 100,000 bushels of pc
vs erring even.
Susie's grandmother had been scold
Ing her. Susie felt indignant, but had
been taught never to "atjswer back."
However, she got even. Taking her
kitten in her arms, she thus solilo
"Kitty, I wish one of us was dead
this minute. Not you. kitty nor me.
kitty, but one of us three in this room."
Bullet Wounds.
The entrance wound caused by the
modern small arm buljet Is not a
grewsome spectacle. It is small, and
its appearance has been compared to
that produced by the bite of a certain
parasite insect. Often there is but
little external bleeding, but this is no
to be taken as a danger signal. ;u
might be popularly supposed.—Londo
Photo by American Press Association
This shows the effect of the forty-two centimeter siege guns used by the
The Drummer.
"I sometimes think." remarked the
regular patron, "that the snare drum
mer should be the best musician ia
the theater orchestra."
"He usually is." said the drummer. —
Chicago Tribune.
Madison and the Constitution.
It is generally understood that James
Madison was the chief author of the
constitution of the United States. Be
yond a doubt the great instrument was
the joint product of the entire con
vention, but from the best accounts
Madison was the man who put it into
shape as we have it today.—New York
Her Mean Brother.
She—Aline's twin brother annoys her
dreadfully. He—How? She —You see.
everybody knows they are twins, and
poor Aline can't pass for only twenty
four because he tells people he's thir
ty !—Exchange.
Dog Spooks.
The phantom dog specter was one of
the hardest of old English supersti
tions. Almost every county had its
black dog which haunted its lonely
spots and was the dread of every na
tive. Most of them were regarded as
devils, but some were held to be the
spirits of human beings, transformed
thus as a punishment. Lady Howard,
a Devon notable of the days of James
1., for instauce. was said to be com
pelled to haunt Okehampton in the
form of a dog as a punishment for hei
cruelty to her daughter.
Thair Novelty Wearing Off.
Elderly Sister—So Mr. Hembrldge
said I had teeth like pearls"; And what
dW you say? Young Brother—Oh.
nothing; except that you were gradu
ally getting used to them—London
Sporting Note.
Speaking cf mollycoddle games, how
would you like to play cricket on the
hearth ?—Judge.
Capitals and Armies.
Twice the United States has lost its
capital to a foreign foe. bnt neither
time did it produce much effect upon
the war. The first time was when
Howe's redcoats swept into Philadel
phia after the battle of Brandywine.
The other occasion was when anoth
er British army seized and burned
Washington. What Howe ueeded to
end the war in 1777 was not Philadel
phia, but Washington's army, and that
he didn't get. A country's army is
worth a dozen capitals. The British
captured America's three largest cit
ies, Boston. New York and Philadel
phia, but that availed them little in the
long run.—Philadelphia Ledger.
A Phil May Anecdote.
One winter night an old hawker en
tered the bar of the Old Bell tavern.
Fleet street, and offered the customers
sets of three studs for a penny. Phil
May said to him:
"You are just the man I want!"
He took only one stud and gave the
hawker a five shilling piece. The bar
maid said to Phil May:
"I believe. Phil, you would give your
coat to the first beggar who asked for
"Well, miss," replied the artist,
"there would be no harm in that. St.
Martin gave his coat to a beggar, and
he was a better man than Pliil May.
I am only a wicked sinner!"— London
More Than One Trafalgar Square.
The Scotland Yard examination
which would be taxicab drivers have to
undergo in the knowledge of London
is no mere matter of form. "If." asked
the inquisitor recently of a candidate,
"a fare hails you in Trafalgar square
and asks to be driven to Trafalgar
square, what would you do?" "I should
drive him around a bit and drop him
on the other side of the square." re
plied the candidate. And he was turn
ed down, for he did not know that
London has three Trafalgar squares
besides the finest site in Europe—one in
Camberwell. another in Chelsea and
•till another one in Stepney.—London
Fort Sumter,
four years Fort Sumter, in
Charleston harbor, resisted every at
tempt at its capture. For 280 days the
fort was actually under fire. "The du
ration of the three principal and eight
minor bombardments was altogether
157 days and 110 nights. The total
weight of metal thrown against the
fort from land and sea aggregated 3.5C0
tons, and of this great mass the fort
was actually struck by 2,400 tons. The
number of projectiles fired against the
fort was 40.058.—Philadelphia Ledger.
The Hourglass.
Instead of being obsolete and simply
an Interesting relic, the hourglass iu
various forms is a twentieth century
necessity. A machinist authority
points out that for such purposes as
timing hardening and tempering heats
in twist drill manufacture, where sec
onds or minutes must be gauged accu
rately, nothing serves like the hour
glass with the right amount of sand.
Accuracy to fractions of a second can
be had much more easily than by
watching the hands of a watch.
Photo by American Press Association.
Thi is n'te of many bridges blown up by the Belgians to biuilcr th ycogp
mi of the Germans. _ . , ,
Austrian Noblewoman In Rata j
cf Red Gross Nurse {
1 o •
i "5P I
Photo by American Press Association*
England Assures U. S. That Vessels
Will Not Be Held Back.
Washington, Dec. i.—Sir CocM
Spring-Kice, British ambassador, de
livered to the state department a not*
giving assurances that Great Britaia 1
does not intend to delay America*
shipa unduly in searching them for
I Providence MPlionaire Ac
cused by Girl
Photo by American Press Association.
Miss Jessie E. Cope of Los Angelesw
Cal., who brought about the indict
ment in Chicago of Colonel Charte*
Alexander of Providence, R. 1., undat
the white slave law, tried to sue him
in Rhode Island, but without succesa.
She went to Providence in August, ra
maining for a month, and laid her al
legations before William H. Thornier
a local attorney. He advised her thai
she had no basis for action. Mis
Cope has / been arrested on a chargft
of offering bribes to federal officers if
they would assist her in her prosec*
tion of the Providence banker.
Two Puzzles.
Mrs. Bowns—How do you expect rae
to buy things for you to eat If you
don't give me any money? Mr. Bowns
—And how do you expect me to earn
money for you If I don't get anything
to eatV—New York Journal.
In the assurance of strength there
is strengih, and they are the weak
est, however strong, who have no
faith in themselves or their powers,
—Lord Bacon.

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