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ENGLISH MACHINE GUN DRAWN BY DOGS.
Pi-ota by American Press Association. CHARLES M. SCHWAB. Business Getting Smile of the "titeel Magnate. ' ' ' V f Copyright by American Piers As*oc"nt!n MINES DO LOT SCARE Yankee Skipper Pilots His Vessel i Bremen, Germany. Bremen (Via London), Jan. b. Owing to the daring of an American skipper the steamer Elmonte, which sailed from Galveston, Tex., Dec. 3, and New York Dec. II arrived at Bre men Jan. 1. The Elaionte brought more than 6,1100 bales ot cotton, the first during the war. It was the first American merchantman to visit Bre men in forty years. Captain Edward T. Pinchin of the Elmonte took on a British pilot at Deal, as England does not class cot ton as contraband but the captain dropped him at the Hook of Holland, Dutch pilots refused to assist, saying it was impossible on account of mines to make the trip. Captain Pinchin said he would take his ship to its destination. He pro ceeded without a pilot, picking his course without mine charts. He made his way to Bremen, greatly to the amazement of the Germans. ! Very Temperate. "He was very temperate. He got drunk only once a week," remarked a witness to a Liverpool coroner. GERMAN "OBSERVATORY" IN FLANDERS. -V. wiV- "v } ! © 1914, by American Press Association. In the lower photograph you get a near view of the man, comfortably : seated in a chair on top of the straw stack, observing the enemy through a I fleldglass, concealed by wisps of hay. Rather Too Light. The landlady who had not a reputa tion for overfeeding her boarders asked her solitary boarder as he looked dole fully at his supper. "Shall 1 light the gas?" The boarder gazed at the scanty meal and replied. "Well, no. it isn't neces sary; the supper is light enough!"— London Telegraph. Woman's Weapons. A number of married men were re cently dining together at their club. The question was asked, "What trait in your wife do you consider the most expensive one?" The answers were as numerous as the men in the party. With one it was vanity, another re ligion or charity or love of dress. The last man to whom the question was put answered oracularly, "Her tears." AUSTRIAN SIEGE GUN. Photo by American Press Association. Always Apprehensive. "My wife gets nothing but apprehen sion out of life." "How so?" "She's afraid of cows in the country and automobiles in town."—Kansas City Journal. Her Mean Brother. She—Aline's twin brother annoys her dreadfully. He—How? She —Y'ou see. everybody knows they are twins, and poor Aline can't pass for only twenty four because he tells people he's thir ty!— Exchange. Hand-me-downs. "I have to wear father's old clothes. I don't suppose you girls have any troubles like those." "Yes, we do." said the girl. "I have to wear mother's old hair."—Kansas City Journal. Russia's Fisheries. Russia ranks third among the fish and deep sea food producing countries of the world. The total yield of fish is well over $8,000,000 worth a year, but even this great supply is not equal to the needs of the population. Different. Seedy Chap (stopping pedestrian)— Pardon me, sir, but you look very much like a man I know. Pedestrian—lndeed! Well, you look like a man I don't want to know. Good day!— Boston Transcript. Wasted Generosity. "Oh, I"m so sorry I can't marry you. I had no idea you thought of ine that way!" "Well, what do you suppose I've i been letting your father beat me at golf all the time for?"— Judge. 136,600 Russians Taken. Amsterdam, Holland (Via London), Jan. 1. —What is described as an un official telegram, but which, neverthe less, was issued by the German army headquarters, has been received here. It reads: "Our troops in Poland are pursuing the enemy. After the battles of Lodz and Lowicz we took more than 67,000 prisoners and many cannon and ma chine guns. "The entire booty since the -begin ning of our offensive in Poland in November totals 136,600 prisoners, more than 100 cannon and over 300 machine guns. i "It is reported from the eastern war arena that the situation in East Prussia and in Poland to the north of the Vistula river remains unchanged. "East of the Bzura river the battles continue. In the Rawka river district our offense has made progress. On the eastern bank of the Pilica the situation remains unchanged." Fall of Warsaw Not Feared. London, Jan. I.—The new year opened auspiciously for the Russian armies. The fortunes of war have changed to such an extent during the past week that Grand Duke Nicholas has been able to assume an effective of i fensive at almost every point on the battle line from East Prussia to west ern Galicia. In those districts where the Ger mans and Austrians still retain the initiative the Russians are slowly but surely gaining strength and when the completion of the vast movement of reinforcements is reached fear of the Teutonic invasion will have disap peared. There is no longer any danger of the fall of Warsaw or even of the abandon ment of the Polish capital for strategic reasons which was possible a week ago, the Austrian armies are crushed and disorganized, the Russians in Bast Prussia are more than holding their own, the attempt to relieve Prz eaysl has failed, the Russian ring is again olosing in on Cracow and with in a few days the retirement of the Germans should begin in the opinion military authorities here and in Pe- F' r GERMAN SHELLS. Sritsf". Soldier's Letter Pictures Perils t the Front. 'lhc lire >: British soldier on the tiring I nit- in l- ranee is refitted in a letter written by Lr.bert W. Br.rreil. ii private in the Sttond Coldstream guards, published in the Newcastle Evening Chroircle. "The day before yesterday." Burrell writes, "at a | Jaee name I there were fourteen men with some nnimuni riou carts, and I was ope of them. We vere near a farm, halted, about a mile roni the Germans. Five of us were in i pigsty trying to make a place to sleep n. while the other nine were endeav •ring to make a tire and some cocoa Bat before we got the cocoa six of the Germans* big shells came over. "Four burst in the farmyard and two went through the house. There was nothing heard—an explosion only. 1 did not know anything till i found that I was buried with the wall of the house that fell through the pigsty. Aft er a minute or two I tried to raise my self up. but found that 1 could not ge: up for bricks, bits of chimney pots and all sorts of things. I had a second try. but it was useless. 1 lay a bit longer, huddled up like a ball. But the third time I tried I felt the stuff giving way. so I persevered and got out of it. and what 1 found and saw was terrible. "Four or five of my comrades out of the nine who were outside the place were killed, nr.d three of them with me In the pigsty were crushed to death. Two of us only got out. I think it is a miracle that any of us is alive to tell how it came about, but 1 thank God I am still alive and well. I had been struck on the knees and the cen ter of the back, and two fingers on my left hand were crushed, but I am still able to carry out my duty." His Definition. "Pa, what is an 'interior decorator?' " "I'm not quite sure, Wilfred, but I think it's a cook."—New York Times. TO INVESTIGATE ALL FOUNDATIONS Federal Probe Into Rockefeller, Sap, Gamegis Charters, QUIZ LEADING FINANCIERS. Educators and Economists Included In Commission's Subpoenas—Will In quire Into Charges That Big Self Per petuating Organizations Are Menace Hearing Scheduled For Jan. 11. The federal commission on industrial relations has determined upon a sweep ing investigation of the country's great eat benevolent organizations. The in vestigation will open in New York city on Jan. 11 next In addition to the previously announced investigation of the Rockefeller foundation the com mission, Chairman F. F. Walsh, an nounced would inquire into the af fairs of the Russell Sage foundation, the Baron de Hirsch fund, all the Car negie benevolences, the Cleveland foun dation and seek the reason for the Rockefeller contributions to charitable, philanthropic and educational insti tutions, which now amount to $85,000,- 000, in addition to the fund contrib uted to the foundation. To Call Noted W itnesses. It was announced by Chairman Walsh that these organizations would be investigated to ascertain if they Were a meuaoe to the republic's future, and more than a score cf the greatest financiers, educators and economists cf the country, it was asserted, would be called as witnesses, in '.he list are Andrew Carnegie, the tv.o Rockefel lers, J. P. Morgan. L. T. Ftotesbury. Francis L. Hi no. pres id-:-1 of the New York Clearing House association; .la cob H. Schiff. E. H. Gary. T. P. Shouts. Theodore N. Vail, Dr. Charles W. Eliot, Dr. Arthur T. liadiey of Yale. Setb Low and others who are equally well known. It Is asserted that the basis of the commission's inquiry will be the let ters produced here by Jesse F. Wei born, president Ol the Colorado Fuel and Iron company, showing the inter est which members of the executive 1 HOW SULTAN APPEALED TO SUBJECTS FCR WAP. Becomes Duty o: 303,000,033 Moslem* to Teke Up Arms. The issuance by the saltan of thr fetwa, or proclamation announcing c holy war, called upon all Mussulmans capable of carrying arms—and eve., upon Mussulman women to fight against the powe-s with whom the su; tan was at war In this manner. :;>• cording to Cou.uanilnople newspapers, the holy war became a duty not only for all Ottoman subjects, but for the SOO.OOO.tiUO Moslems of the earth. The fetwa was as follows: "First Question.— 1 f lands of Islam are subjected to a tin 1: by enemies, if danger threatens Islam, must in that case young and e\l. infantry and tenanted men. in all parts of the earth Inhabited by Mohammedans, take part in the holy war, with their fortune and their blood, in case the padisha de clares the war to all Mohammedans? Answer.—Yes. "Second Question. Since Russia. England, France and other states sup porting these three powers against the Islamitic caliphate have opened hostili ties against the Ottoman empire by means of their warships and their land troops is it necessary that all Moham medans also who live in the countries named shall rise agaiust their govern ment and take part in the holy war? Answer.—Yes. "Third Question.—Will, under all cir cucistances, since the attainment of the goal depends upon the participa tion of all Mohammedans in the holy war, those who refuse to join in thv general uprising be punished for cor duct so abhorrent? Answer.—Yes. "Fourth Question. Mohammedans jvho live In lands of the enemy may, under threats against their own lives and the lives of ibeir families, be fore [ ed to fight against the soldiers of the states of Islam. Can such conduct be punished as forbidden under the she riat and those guilty thereof be regard ed as murderers and punished with the fires of hell? Answer.—Yes. "Fifth Question.—lnasmuch as it will be detrimental to the Mohammedan caliphate if the Mohammedans who live in Russia, France, England, Servia and Montenegro fight against Ger many and A astro-Hungary, which are the saviors of the great Mohammedan empire, will therefore those who do so I be punished with heavy penalties? An swer.—Y'es." Dying Poor. It is no disgrace to die poor, but It's a mean trick f<> play on your relatives j -h<v,tnn - ,t^4 Eminent Austrian Surgeon Decias-e. That Bitter Cold Is More Likely U Cause Amputation of Limbs Fro rr Aggravated Cases of Frost Bite Th~, Bullets and Shells. Professor Adolf Lorenz, surgeon it chief of the orthopedic department o the Imperial and Itoyal General hospital of Vienna, wlso eleven years ago vis ited America, performing his remarka ble "bloodless operations" for the c-ur of limb deformities and received a fee of $75,000 from J. Ogdeu Armour, Chicago millionaire, for an operation on Mr. Armour's daughter Lolita, has made an appeal to the public urging that steps be taken to care for soldiers who suffer the loss of limbs. Dr. Lorenz has never used a knife in his own operations and owes his worldwide distinction to this method. But, of course, wounds received in battle frequently leave no other course than amputation. His son and his daughter-in-law, both of them sur- j geons, recently performed eight ampu tations in a day on unfortunates of the army. Past Neglect of Veterans. But Dr. Lorenz admonishes the pub lie that soldiers disabled by the loss of legs or arms or hands snould have all the advantages afterward that mod ern science can afford. These soldiers, he says, must not be dismissed with crutches and wooden legs. lie recalN as dastardly the neglect of the veter ans of past wars who were to be seen afterward stumping about on wooden legs grinding organs and in many case reduced to utter me <jdicancy. He wants the p'Jblic to contribute the means for a government manufac tory where artificial limbs of the most scientific and modern character may be fashioned and supplied withoul commercial profit in order that every man who has sacrificed an arm. a leg or a hand in the service of his country may have as good a substitute as mod ern skill can provide. The ortbope dists of the Vienna university, he adds, will eagerly give their services to fit the artificial limbs. False Arms and Legs Too.- As to the wonders that science can now perform in this direction he re cites that a Koenig3berg surgeon, Pro i fessor Hoeftmann, at the surgeons j congress in Berlin, exhibited a patient a young man twenty-five years old. whose arms had both been amputated, but who, with artificial arms, worked successfully at his trade of carpentering , and was able to feed and dress him self without assistance. The young man walked freely in mounting and j descending from the platform, and Pro j fessor Hoeftmum created a final sen sation by announcing that the patient'? legs were also artificial. Professor Lorenz urges women and i children to work ceaselessly knitting thick woolen stockings and leggings, gloves and mitten 9, for he says that "the bitter cold of a Russian winter' is more likely to cause amputation of legs anA feet and arms and hands from aggravated cases of frostbite than bnl lets and shells. MRS. JOHN JABOB ASTOR | • Wealthy Society Leader Sending Clothing to ins Stricken People of Belgium. I . VNpr- •• ' -'T-" ■ ' "VK © 1915, by American Press Association. BIG GUNS GUARD PANAMA Canal Well Protected Against Attack. Goethal3 on Stand. Washington, Jan. C—Three officers of the United States army testified bo fore the house committee on appro priation that the Panama canal is for tified and that it is impossible for a hostile fleet to destroy the works on either side of the waterway. Testimony to this effect was given by Colonel Goethals, the builder of tho canal; General Weaver, chief of coast artillery, and General Crozier, chief of ordnance. it was brought out in the hearing that so far the government has ex pended $12,050,000 on the fortifications of the canal and that $2,000,000 addi tional will be expended in the fiscal year. It was brought out that the defenses of Panama consist of 14-inch, 12-inch : and 6-inch guns and one 16-inch gun, which will be soon ready for action. In addition there are howitzers to de fend the canal in case of attacks by land. Colonel Goethals was closely ques • tioned relative to the recent slides in Culebra cut. He testified that since the initial slide in October 1,500 cubic feet of rock and earth have been re moved. These slides, according to Colonel Goethals, are in progress. He was unable to say how long they will continue. NEUTRAL ZONE WANTED Generals Scott and Villa to Confer at El Paso Over Matter. El Paso, Tex., Jan. J. —General : Hugh Scott, chief of staff of the Unit ed States army, arrived in El Paso from Naco, Ariz., to meet General | Villa and confer with him relative to the establishment of a neutral zone | along the American border. General Scott has been in touch with General Villa's subordinate, Gov ernor Maytorena, at Naco for several days, but Maytorena having declared ! that he could not give guarantees of permanent observance of the neutral zone General Scott decided to tako the matter up with General Villa. It is understood that the meeting will be held somewhere in El Paso and not at the international bridge. Villa troops under General Cabral that have been ordered to the border j to guard Juarez have arrived at Chi huahua and are being held there to give the Villa special the right of way. A sudden Increase In activity along the border by Cientiflco, Carranza and Salazar juntas is indicated by the in formation received here by Villaistas that orders for more than 1,000,000 rounds of ammunition have been placed in New York and that part of this or der has already been filled and the am munition shipped to border points. British Munition Base Destroyed. Berlin, Jan. V. —German aviators made a raid on the British reserve am munition stores at Coudskerque and dropped many explosive bombs. It was officially announced that 100 British officers had been killed or wounded by these bombs and vast quantities of am munition destroyed. War Chill Kills French Artist. Paris, Jan. & —Francis Tattegraln, the artist, is dead from the effects of a chill contracted at Arras, while he was making sketches of the ruins there. Workmen's Law Upheld. Washington, Jan. 3.—The supreme court Ufrfield as constitutional the Ohio workmen's compensation law. • WEATHER FORECAST. 0 % — i 4 Fer Western Pennsylvania and • • Ohio—Rain tonight; Thursday, • • rain or snow and colder. •