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TLESHIP FLORIDA AT NEW YORK. Photo by American Press Association. This unusual picture of one of Uncle Sam's best fighting snips shows the skyscrapers of Manhattan Island in the background. The Florida will take part in the gigantic naval maneuvers in the Atlantic soon. FRIGATE BIRDS IN FLIGHT. Their Amazing Power and Perfect Com mand of the Air. The bauut of that remarkable crea ture. the frigate bird, is the southern oceans, where it makes its nest on some lonely coast or remote island. For that purpose it selects the Crozets, As eeuslon or Kerguelen, aloug with booby gannets, "wide awake" terns, the beautiful boatswain birds or the queer kelp pigeon. It tears from the tree 9 as It flies a few sticks and fabii cates a rude platform on top of some bush or tree, or even upon a ledge of rock, and lays and broods over a sin gle egg—all that it needs to produce in a situation so safe and so fiercely pro tected. The frigate bird Is large, its slender but powerful wings spreading at least four feet from tip to tip. while the body is no less than forty inches from the hook of the great beak to tire tip of the long forked tail. The color 1> blackish, with purple and green gloss lngs; the feet are black, the bill bluish and the pouch, which is peculiar to tin male and Is inflated in flight. Is scarlet as also is a ring about the eye. Tin pouch indicates the close relat lonshij of these birds to the pelicans, hut their habits are more like birds of prey, and one good name for the race is man ot war hawks On the wing they show perfect com mand of the air Their flight Is swilt bold and full of grace. They are ap pareutly untiring, keeping away from land for weeks at a time, soaring to heights and descending with WORK ON LINER STOPPED BY WAR. This is a view of the Bismarck, tbe sister ship of the Imperator and the Vateiiand of the Hamburg-American line. As not one of the company's huge fleet is in service, tbe Bismarck will not be completed until peace comes. Rhode Island's Capitals. Bbode Island adopted a constitution in 1842, which named live capitals for tho state, designating Newport, South Kingston. Bristol, East Greenwich and Providence as the places for successive • honor. In 1854 aii amendment restrict ed tbe meeting places of tbe general assembly or legislature to two places- Newport and I'rovidence. In 1900 Providence become the only seat of the Jeg&ijrure. The Boy's Idea* •Par "Yep." "I don't see why the men who wrote the rules of grammar didn't make 1 done' and 'has went' proper. It's easier to say it that way." Detroit Free . li.y DUCHESS OF MANCHESTER Has Returned to America to Se-tie Father's Estate. "I've had my daughters learn to cook so that they might get better hus bands." "And did they?" "No. they feel above marrying now." —Boston Transcrii. An Old Larch Tree, Italy can boast of a larch tree the age of which is estimated to be 2,000 years. It Is situated on the northern flank of Mont Chetlp In the direction of the huts of Plan Yenl, above Cour mayeur, a few steps from tbe footpath that skirts the limits of the meadow land. Due allowance being made for the extreme slowness with which the larch grows, for the altitude above sea level (1.G50 meters) at which ft is root ed and for its northerly exposure in the near neighborhood of the glacier, where the cycle of its development la barely five months every year, this venerable larch, untouched alike by woodman's ax and thunderbolt, cannot be leas than 2,000 years old.—Scots man. SPELL OF THE PRAIRIES. Where the Ocean of Land Seems Vastei Even Than the Sea. I had believed that 1 realized the vastness of the United States without having actually traveled across ttie country, yet I had not realized It at all. and I do not think that any one can possibly realize it without having felt it In the course of a loug journey 1 had imagined that I understood the prairies without having laid eyes upon them, but when 1 raised my window shade that morning and found tbe prairies stretching out before me I was as surprised, as stunned, as though 1 had never heard of them be fore, and the idea came to me like an original thought: How perfectly enor mous they are! And bow like the sea! I had discovered for myself the truth of another platitude. For a long time I lay comfortably in my berth, gazing out at tbe appalling spread of land and sky. Even at sea the great bowl of the sky had never looked so vast to me. The laud was nothing to it. In the foreground there was nothing. Nothing met the eye in all that treeless w-aste of brown and gray which lay between tbe railroad line and the horizon, on which was discernible the faint outlines of sev eral ships—ships which were in real ity a house, a windmill and a barn. Presently our craft—for I had tlie feeling that I was on a ship at anchor —got under way. On we sailed, over the ocean of land for mile upon mile, each mile like tho one before it and the one that follow ed, save only when we passed a little fleet of houses, like fishing boats at sea, or crossed an inconsequential wagon road, resembling the faintly discernible wake of 6oine ship long since out of sight Presently I arose, and. Joining my companion, we went to the dining car for breakfast He. too, had fallen under the spell of tho prairies. We sat over our meal and stared out of the window like a pair of Images. Aft er breakfast it was the same. We turned to our ear and kept on gazing out at the eternal spaces. Now and then in the distance wo would see cattle, like dots upon the plain, and once in a long time a horse man ambling along beneath the sky. The little towns were for opart, but each little settlement had Its wooden church, and each church its steeple—a steeple crude and pathetic in Its ex pression of effort on tbe part of a poor little hamlet to embellish more than any other house the house of God.— Julian Street in Collier's. The Women of Belgium. No one can travel in Belgium with out being struck by the extraordinary activity and prominence of the women. Over the doors of shops of all descrip tions the name of the owner or owners is frequently followed by "Sisters" or "Widow." You find them proprietors of hotels and restaurants. Tliey are of ten custodians of the churches. They are employed to tow the boats along the canal banks. They cut up the meat in the butchers' shops, and they are even to be noticed shoeing horses at the forge.—Liverpool Mercury. GERMAN TRENCHES IN POLAND. ■IJL.J ill iw -M1,..-. . L J „ * ' - J" , Hi' , by American Press Association. JJ It will be noticed that there is onl£ a filisht excavation behind This picturq jfas tuiig the Su, ■ jwalki district , - - - - - . . i RI'H Can It Be? We shiver as we read the tale Of slaugh'er done by Gher.gis Khan. Or Europe ufTer:ng the baie Of AttJa "the scourge and flail," Or when the vikings overran The early Wind of Saxon king And kneejl no pity, spared no soul. Such deeds of death up-conjuring. The poets all our vitals wring And tell how man has the toll The war gods of a thousand names. A thousand weapons, thousand fears Of stately cities set in flames. Consumed even to their names And shifting desert sands their biers. But this we pictured as the past And in our comfort thanked our fate That man in different mold is cast Today, the world has seen the last Of such immeasurable hate. But mild the work of Tartar chief Of Hun. of Norman and the rest. Beside this masterpiece of grief When man today drives all belief In God and pity from his breast The thousand years of wisdom won Are put to services of 111! Must all this fancy fabric spun Be frayed, and all anew be done: Can such, indeed, be heaven's will? —R. B." Mayfield in New Orleans Times- Picayune SHIRT WAISTS ARE DOOMED. SAY THE STYLE ARDITERS Women Next Spring Will Wear Only Women's shirt waists are doomed It has become as unfashionable for the up to date woman to own one of the formerly popular garments as it Is for a man to appear in his shirt sleeves The feminine coat and skirt here after must be in one piece, according to the style bulletin of the Fashion Art League of America, issued in Chi cago. California and the amusement re sorts are to ?ee the first of the new frock, which is designed particular! • for balmy days. Another feature of the 1915 waim weather gown will be high collars to It is said that the first saw-mill in the United States was at Jamestown, from which sawed boards were ex ported in June. 1007. A water power sawmill was in use in 1625 near the present site of Richmond. Professor Armbruster asserts that the reason very young children are rel atively immune to Infectious diseases is that their hearts beat so much more rapidly than those of older persons that the blood flows swiftly through the arteries, and this swiftness of flovr makes it difficult for micro-organisms to gain a foothold in the blood stream. —New York World. "Have you fastened tbe windows, dear?" she asked as they were about to retire for the night "No. What's the use? I gave you the last dollar 1 had to buy that new hat and we needn't fear burglars." "But they might sit down on the hat you know."—Washington Post. Between Citizens. He was abusing things in generaL "Have you registered?" asked the other man. "N-n-no." "A citizen should always register. Your vote will do more to correct mat ters than your criticism."—Pittsburgh Post. Seeking Information. Little Wife —How do you like mc* sallne and brocaded satin with chiffo* over velvet? Hubby—What are you talking about—clothes or tbe platform of the woman's party?— Chicago News. Musical Note. "Say, Hiram, what do tbey mean bf a Stradevar'us?" "Oh. a Stradevar'us is tbe Latin nam* for a fiddle."—Musical Courier. Common Course. Hi—What course is Sarah studying at that boarding school? Si—l can't re member, but I think It's cosmetics.— Stamford Chaparral. The only failure a man ought to fuur is failure in cleaving to tbe purpose to sees to be best.—George Eliot One Piece Suits. Our First Sawmill. One Danger. Ti r m üBGAN KL, r iQGdi Guilt For ti.: Fair. IT G&.iUliiS 7,000 PIFEL Being Cn< of tha Three Largest In th World, It Will Be Erected Perm nently In the San Francisco Aud tonum After the Exposition Closer Two Weeks Required to Tune !t. Under construction at Hartford Couu.. is au organ which will be one of the largest in this country, it is beiug built for the Panama exposition at San Francisco. The organ also will be one of the three largest in the world, its value being $OO,OOO. Ten large furniture freight cars will be required in transporting the ma terial from Hartford. The organ will be erected in Festival hall. When the exposition is closed it will be removed to au auditorium in the same city for permanent use. in the organ are 113 speaking stops and about 7.0U0 pipes. The mechanical accessories are unusually complete. The console is being erected after de signs submitted by Edwiu H. Lemure, the English organist, who will give 100 recitals at the exposition, instead of using the usual system of tilting tab lets the stops will be manipulated by means of knobs on each side of the keys. The console will contain four manu als. tiie swell, solo, choir and great or guns. In the tower of the hall, 200 feet away from the key sk. will be an echo organ of nine so!o stopn. which may be played from either the solo or choir organ. Probably one of the most massive stops ever constructed by any organ builder will be the thirty two foot open diapason on this instrument. The pipes, which are of wood, were mnd from extra heavy boards sawed frou selected pine logs. The heaviest pipt Known as CCCC. weighs in excess oi 1,200 pounds. It is thirty five feel long, and its other dimensions are 28 by 35 inches. Largest Pipe Thirty-eight Feet Long. Also, the thirty-two foot uietal diapa son stop is an unusual feature in any organ. The largest pipe is thirty-eight feet in length and twenty inches in diameter. The instrument will also contain a thirty-two foot reed stop. Case dimensions of the largest organ ever made by the organ company are forty-six feet wide, twenty-one feet deep and forty-seven feet high. The wind pressure on the main organ va ries from ten inches to twenty-five Inches for the heaviest reeds. The echo organ is on five inch wind. For each pedal thirty-two foot stop will be three valves. Instead of only one, as in nearly all other organs. The powtv will be furnished by two large orgo blows. Instead of the bellows, which were formerly In all organs, the wind pressure will be regulated by a paten l system. To construct such an organ as the one intended for the San Francisco ex position requires many weeks of work. After each part has been turned out the organ is assembled in tbe large erecting room, where the parts are fit ted together to the satisfaction of tbe experts. Tl*iv work is twjt e *-• - .... Laughed and Won. "When the British were storming Badajoz the Duke of Wellington rode up and, observing an artilleryman par ticularly active, inquired the man's name. He was answered "Taylor." "A very good name too," said the duke. "Cheer up, my men! Our Tay lor will soon make a pair of breaches In the walls!" At this sally the men forgot their danger, a burst of laughter broke from them and the next charge carried the fortress.—London Answers. His Definition. "Pa, what is an 'interior decorator?*" "I'm not quite sure, Wilfred, but 1 think it's a cook."—New York Times. TRADE StGAETS " FOR HOiiSEuiilS Gals of Most Exi'SinaJ fcy Sefiiordiiaiuf. AMUSING QUESTIONS ASKED One Woman Wanted to Know How She Was to Tell Cut When Ordering by Telephone—Each Woman Present Got Diagram Showing Side of Beef and How It Is Sliced. Crowds filled The headquarters of the National House-Wives league iu New York city to team the different cuts of meat and see beef. veal, lamb and mut ton cut by au expert. It was the in formal opening of the headquarters for real work, aud, although the meeting was called lor 10:30 o clock, the wom en began to arrive at 9 They had uotebooks. in which they jotted down the facts given them, they asked In terested questions, and the women at the rear stood up through the long demonstrate n. Theodore carlewitz. who demon strates at Teachers' college ami other places w here educational work in do mestic science is carried on, did the talking, while two assistants cut up the meat. Each woman present re ceived u diagram showing a side of beef, with the various cuts marked off. Some of the questions set the audi ence laughing. The women had been told that au economical housekeeper with a family of some size would buy au entire crossrib piece of beef—four teen pounds at 21 cents a pound—from which she would get two steaks, a pot roast and a good soup Or she was told that she would get a good steak from this same piece by buying the first cut of the crossrib. "But how can you be sure you get that first cut?" asked a woman from the frout row of seats. "See the whole crossrib." answered Carlewitz. "But if you ordered by telephone?" she continued, and the other women shouted with laughter. "Ladies," said Mrs. Jullau Heath when there was quiet again, "don't do it." "A skirt steak is one you will find very good." said the demonstrator a little Inter. "It is only 18 cents a pound, and some people like the fla vor." "How do you spell 'skirt'?" called another womnu at the side, her pencil poised in air. and the audience shout ed again as the demonstrator replied, "S-k-i-r-t!" Describes a Chuck Steak. "A ehuck steak." said Carlewitz, be ginning on Ills side of beef, "may be had now for 19 cents and a chuck roast for IG. This steak has not the taste of the sirloin, but is more nour ishing than tbe porterhouse. From the cheaper grade of chuck, with the bone out .vou get a pot roast, hut it is coarse. The top ehuck at 19 cents makes a fine pot roast "The first and second ribs are 24 cents a pound. Tbe fourth, at 20 cents, is Just as good and perhaps bet ter. The ninth and tenth rib outside roll roast has no bone and no waste and is 18 cents, but is not as tender. Tbe inside roll roast is nice and ten der. It is 25 cents, but it is econom ical. Five pounds of it will £qual eight pounds of rib roast" Tbe flank fat of the beef, at 9 cents a pound, is the best for rendering—to use for deep fat frying or things of that kind—better than suet, as it does not get hard, according to the expert "Tbe top sirloin makes a good pot roast and beef a la mode and. bought whole, is 20 cents n pound." be contin ued. "The first cut will cost 23 cents. The porterhouse steak, from the loin of beef, costs 25 cents a pound and the Delmonlco steak 23 cents. The short sirloin will weigh in the neighborhood of a pound and is good for small fami lies. It is tender and of good flavor, is 25 cents a pound, but in demand and hard to get The flat bone sirloin of beef is better than the round (there is about 2 cents difference in the price), and the fillet is In this. A fillet of beef costs GO cents a pound. A whole fillet in a good loin of beef will weigh about seven pounds. "The bottom round of beef makes corned beef, beef a la mode and pot roast at 24, 25 and 2G cents a pound. The round end of the rump, at 22 cents a pound, is used to make corned beef. The leg of beef makes soup stock, 9 cents with tbe bone and 17 cents with out and a piece of the bone thrown In. The neck of beef makes soup, but noth ing is as good as the leg." Carlewitz told bis audience bow to tell lamb from mutton. Tbe bone of the lamb cuts through, but the mutton will only break at the joint Here's a Model New York. A model of New York city, twenty six feet square and showing every de tail of the great metropolis from sky scrapers to bridges and transportation lines, is faithfully reproduced at the Panama-Pacific International exposi tion. Visitors to the exposition will get the same view of New York as an aviator hovering in his machine some hundreds of feet above the city. Even the steamships at the docks and the statue Liberty are shown, and at night the miniatnre city will be heautl- Polly fllnmlnated.