Newspaper Page Text
Volume VII., member 29.
Whole Numlier 341. v H. C. HICKOZ, Editor, a N. WORDEN, Printer. LEWISBUKG, UNION CO., PA., OCT. 16, 1850. The Lcrtlsbur? Chronicle i jieJ cv.-ry WeJnesdjy morning at Lewisburg, Lnion ijunif . Pennsylvania. Icimv. fl.f.O per year, for cash actually in Jvanre; $1,75, ial within three months; $3 U paid williiu the year ; S !,50 if nt paid before the year ripirra ; single numbeia, 5 cent. Sub scitptiona lor six months or less la be paid in mivanre. Piscontiiiuanrca optional Willi the Publisher except when the irar is paid up. AJverliatneiiU hanJiinely inserted at 50 e: r equare one wk, $ 1 lur a month and -$'5 for a )ea ; a IcJuceJ price foe longer advert iaienl. Two squares, $7; Mercantile advertisement not .loediri); one-ftutth of a cclumn, quarterly, $ 10." t.'aruil advertisements and Job worts to be paid t,,r when Ranged in or delivered. All communications by miil must iome post j sid, accompanied by the address of the writer, to n teive attention. TiiO. relating exclusively to the Editoiial Department, to be directed to II. C. 1 ii kok, Ksq , Kilifnr and all on business to be aJdressed to the 1'nbliilier. OlTice, Market St. lie;ween SceonJ and Third. O. X. WOKDEX, Publisher. "Tlic wri'er of the following article r-eti.s In think that I lit; Sun anJ our Earth are nllowed entirely too much elbow-room in the expanse of the henvt-ns, according to iIib teachings of the Copernican System. Ho therefore undertakes to demolish the commonly received ideas upon this subject, nnJ reduce tlie cr.rth's annual journey aroun 1 ihe sun (o quite a diminutive circuit in the realms of pace. What degree ol lurre his' protest may have, we leave our renders to determine for themselves ; but its Dr.Mor.coN's deeply interesting lectures mi Astronomy have just drawn to a close, ::nd the subject is fresh in the mind ol many of his heaters, a more suitable lime r.uld nt be found, than the present, to l.rin these objections to their notice. En. Lt.wisB. Ciir.oN. Tho Distance to the Sun. Mr- F.di'or : It is ui questionably the ef fCrail'V received Opinion that thedlS'aiiCe 'ii U.esun Inim our earth i yj.tllW.UUU ol niiit-si 'I bis it tine of the g:e;.test errors rum Ihe ni'ir.v in the Coprrnican s'ein Astroi.omy. That the sun is 03,0011 - I'l.ti oi mues irom us, ana nrms n ramus i e -1 .- ... j r - I' lii.e cf ibat intn.M.s distance, and we as tllC IllllttbltantS Ot this globe, t'l revolve ; """' eave.wiiii.,i uu on me vere orthe world. . . j O'er the trunnions (h. Is. her sails but half furbsl, nbout the sun fix time ns Tar, making j Mi(. rif im h unwt thM bri,ali from Uw 57O,00U,OO() of mi't'S in 3G3 dltys, IS ' .'heeomes ah! -I:e w:iv. rs, and nears us no more! most certainly one of the greatest humbugs n,llk : B,ft lo r fr(,m tij(. Fi, of in this modern age. Vet this doctrine i n'f '.-.t an.: unwritten b.vtc of iieav.n! , . 1 , , , I I i'-e the f ot-fall of thouirht in the halls f the soul Mught 111 our school., and propagated by r-iketheeominj-of twiiuht. ,.i meitsu-ie-tbe most Ifarned in the collegpa. i is es. I , :i'' ttt -tuu-ieof win it siu-.! ail the air, , . ,-. , ,,, , , , . '..I timaied n Dabo.l's Ari-nm.tic that it would : lilke a cannon bail over 32 jears to fly I . . from our earth to the sun. moving t the raie of a mile in 7i Kcond. r' Yet ue to , ... - ... revolvc around the mn, must go s.x times ns far in one year: consequently more lli.n IMliaa. It rnnru.n Dt its first discharge. As a geometrician, mrveyor, navigator, and astronomer, with much praclical life, and by many figures and lines, I venture to proclaim that man can not be found on God s globe w ho can determine by figures and lines that the sun . ,. , measures in distance any more than 3C,- 000 milt s from the ct n1 re of cur tai th lo I . T .1 1.. l tier centre ui me svsit'iii. in iiirasurni"; the distance to the sun, astronomers have tuhstituud the diameter of the supposed circuit of our ettnli nhout the sun for a base line from which to measure the dis- tancc to the sun. I apprehend that it is ( concurrent jurisdiction with the United upon this false supposition the whole efi'S,nt's Courts, to examine into all such the Copcrnican system rests, How, in reaon, can a base line 190,000,000 of miles be ins'ituted frm which to mca rure the distance of thesun, when vie have, in reality, a base line of only 7,200 miles, according to clock motions, for the diam eter of our earth from which to measure trio distance of lhe sun as an inaccessible object! We have a base line of 7,200 miles only, and lines of observation made on the rising aod .setting sun, 180 degrees apart, on the equatorial line, must decline to the centre of our earth 4 mites to every degree nt sea, according to practical navigation, thus guaging the lines of observation to the tangent line of our earth on the centre of the sun. Consequently, when the line of observation has been extended far enough to distinguish the base of the earth, the distance to the sun must he determined, which is precisely 30,000 miles from lhe centra of our earth to her centre in the system. Upon this false supposition, then, that we have 190,000,000 of miles of base line, by which to measure the distance to tho sun, the whole of the Copernican sys tem rests. This 1 90,000,00(1 of miles is what the editor of the Herald or one of his ri'crs, calls the jiorict rule, by which to measure the distance of the stars, and re duces it to' a point of space. Will some one among the Copernicans please solve, fairly and irrefutably the distance to the sun, and publish the samo in this paper ? A' .T1 K tLTrc"l',Zc American, Judges Johnston and Wood, and the Hev. Mr. Ivlwards, are the Whig, Demo cratic, andFree Soil candidates for Gov ernor of Oljio. The three met at Cleve Ian a short time since, and it was found that ihey measured uimteen feet. At Bristol, Bucks county, a Mr. Ches. ton was prosecuted fr passing a Burling ton, N J., one dollar bill, and W. Kinsey, Ksq., the Justice, decided that he should pjy tho penalty of 825 and costs of suit. An appeal wu taken from the decision. JcjrThosc who heard Dr. MorronVdes cription, and saw his illuminated diagrams of the planet Venus, the brilliant "Morn ing and Evening Star," will ticrusc with additional delight the annexed splendid poetry by one who bids fair to shine a brilliant star in the galaxy of American poets. Eil. Zicickluri Chronicle. VENUSTHE FLAS-STAH OF EVEN. UV IlKXJ. K. T A V She ftVtfi just tbi-fi in the offing nf ftaven, avaitin? the fla at the wiu.low of Kven ; Tbe lip-oal vt CTimyon ami pold in uufurli-il. And fliugelh a glory that fluhelh the world 1 N'n snun.l of artill-rr sinitetti l!io ear So ealin you ran caU-h i-Vn the fill of a bar! That fiot-full of grust on th' rla-i-k that it wet At thought of the past, we woui.l never forjt. A mnincnt that banner Is turning: the sky A Qinun-nt its b-aut is lighting the eye A moment its story anil beauty depart, Tram-ferre-l to the skj ia- Utr vr nf tlv hrnrl. It-hold now. afar in the harbor of Hraven. A tijflit like a star from the FlwsShip of Kven ller silrer-fluked anrhor, so ntoady and true. As lightly in fiwitiiriu aud dripr-inff with blue. Aft swung o'er the Klt)er the B-th,-l-hent tNam That treuiUci to eurtii in tile Patriarch's dreamt ller rable of crystal, and .-spars of the day, K.-ni-atli hr 1anre double, and nani;le her way t tier ffails of weft gltry. her eorduge of light : Oh ! bravely flic riden on the HU'iwg of ni'-ht Th.ce billn. that bri-ak fm the ithores of our earth i'.V put "f vh infant awnlivg . Urtli. As ::lim;ners the moon tlironirh tlie rack of tlie storm, r1!. hard by her helm. 1 run taner a form ; Tlie form of an atit I, with tremulous win., A lN-k deep and tender a vMon that brings A paiii; to the bnrt mid a tear to the eye. For lovil ones and lost ones that never can diet ho- Mter an't bn'Mef eVtt deaih eaft not wver Kuslirined in the ?sml. uud enshrined there forever! Ob! child of my dreams fn-dweller of Heaven I I si-e thee coudus tin thu KL-ttj-e'lAB of tven ! oh: Flajr-Slar of Kv.-n! I would it were mine To h ave this dull ort and become one of thinet Not a breath moves n streamer or rattles a shroud; (in she i-onies liu,. the mom. anil still as a cloud! ! I'll .'he cines throu.-h the clear azure Maofthe ether, Kntm Hod's throne i-o-i-tern. to eartti's cnolle beneath her! Il r lutv to the breakers she steadily turns. How bribily the lijrLt of her binnacle burns! Xo crashing of wave, no thunder of billow Calm a a ma: lens, h.'.k press,,) to her pillow! A frms of Itfiahl rioods in tlie waters beneath, t iin Li, I ii i.i:m, ii.r I l.r . l.-ik I .ii ,i,..,....i. ,1. ..,.,:. ..1. ,1 ' dim o'er the iin,r in.f ton, I1.-.I t.e - l,n...tk j T.. ,! Ztvt th. "rm, f Eren- Ai't 1 knew in ihij son a mrif was there! Th ,hHt w,.r S3iJ, nui n,.T Ih. y smote not the car, but tlu-y fell on the heart: As flitters the dew in the heart of the flower, So,,.pin u,ibeti.ti.ofttatkir: vti-n the l-natii of hiv? f, vr h-.i vhwt the win. T)i:tt tlnmiltt in mv lart shall In- lin' rinc ftill! wlntll,0ML,.fr;in.inialn 11IoWi ui e liiu s. tiien stiu on the breast of the billow ! T i;' V" with my l..n.. ,r. ly inoori-il In its d rcthe.:,tcrsof f. .."In? o'er snarUe nnd .leer.! Wlc.-n lif. s shadows trow louc, it will liua-r there y. t, l,;ke slars in nid-heaven that never can Set slars In nid-heaven that never can Set . i Oh ' vision eclostiftl ! ahererer thou art. Ma2u. tk u th. turns the thought of my h.rt ' m-i ti t..w.thniin? th Biitirrin That pours 'round th-throne the .Koea orfiod! J i bve traced the,- .v..-.in. my i.-.utifui one. (ithcspi. ndor.of.iayoVrthr disc of the ,un! V l-n the billows of morn break bripht on the air, rintiwhr.1,.t.ti:brii.iitet,inyan!r. iistiiere! M ;'" " u" "' "'' i,irit idumin f..r Heaven, ii .iiiiii.sii,iii,i.vr.iiirui The Fugitive Slave Law. The first four sections provide for the appointment of Commissioners, possessing claims for fugitive slaves as ma v be brought before them, and grant certificates of remo val, Al-c. The 5th, Oih, and 7th sections are as follows : 5. That it shall be the duly of all Mar shals to obey nnd lo execcute all warrants ana precepts issued under me provisons ol ingy nnfj wjiir)gy obstruct, hinder, or this act when to them directed ; and after ,prcvent 8UCh claimant, his agent or ottor arrcst of such fugitive by such Marshal or neyi or any person nr persons lawfully as his Depuly, or while at anytime in t 'sisting, him her or them, from arresting custody under the provisions of this act. Luch a fui;hive frorn yervice or libor eiK.r should such fugitive escape, whether with wilh or wilhout proces. as Ofores.nid - r or without the assent of such Marshal or 9nall rcscue or atlempt t0 rcseue such fu his Deputy, such Marshal shall be liable Litive fromservice or labor from the custo- in his official bond to be prosecuted for the benefit of such claimant for the full value of the service or labor of such fugitive in the Stale, Territory or District from whence he escaped ; and should any Mar shal or Deputy Marshal refuse to receive such warrant or other process, when ten dered, or to use all proper means diligently to execute the same, he shall, on convic tion thereof, be fined in the sum of 81,000, to the use of such claimant, on the motion Jof such claimant, by the Circuit or Dis trict Court lor the District of such Marshal; and ihe .'titer to enable the said Commiss ioners, when thus appointed to execute their duties faithfully and efficiently, in conformity with ihe requirements of the Constitution of the Cnittd States, and of this act, they are hereby auti'iorized and empowered, within their counties respect- ively, to appoint, in writing under their' hands, any one or more suitable persons, from time to time, to execute all such war rants and other processesas may be issued by them in the lawful performance of their respective duties ; with authority to such Commissioners or the persons to be appoin ted by litem, to execute process as aforesaid, to summon and call to their aid the by standers, or poue comitatui of the proper county, when necessary to insure a faith- (ul observance rd the clause of the Consti tution referred to, in conformity with tho provisions of this act ; nnd all good citizens are hereby commanded to aid and assist in the pri.mpt ondtflicieni execution of this law whenever their services may be required, as aforesaid, for that purpose ; and said warrants shall run, and be executed by i to bo paid in till case lit I he claimants, S'lid ofikers any where in the Slate wilhin their agent or attorney, whether the Com which they are issued. (missioners deciJe in their favor or not. 1 h it wl en a person held to service or j s,,c 9 provi,iPS ,ht if, after the certifi labor in any State or Territory of the Uni- cal0 0rrtmoval has been crantcd, the clai ted Stales, heretofore, or shall hereafter manl ie . Vcs ..fTidavit that he has rea- ed fiercely in his swarthy features as he escape into another Sta'e or Ttnitory ot Son to apprehend a forcible rescue, before ' raised his proudjieight, and with uplifted the United Slates, the person or persons to no oan p, fll;,ii;Ve slave home, the ofTi ' arm cursed the while man wiih a bitter whom such service or labor may be due, ccr mtke. tho amount shall take charge' curse : iMay the spirit of Monita ever or his, her, or their agent or attorney du- of (,is removal ; and is authnrizrd and re- j wander here, and lead astray the loolsteps ly authorized by power of attorney in wri-'quircJ 1o fmi,ny s0 mny persons ashe'of the white stranger; anJ" may the ting, acknowledged nnd certified under dt,rm MCCry t0' overcome such Great Spirit bring sorrow and sullering to the seitl of some legal officer or court force, and to retain them in his service so' the palefaces who cry 'Eureka!' from the the -State or Territory in which the same ,ong as ciroums.al)ce9 way require. The ! mountain-tops ol the land of my fathers !'' may be executed, may pursue and reclaim j sajJ ofnrr t0 1r lhe s3me kcs allowed ' He was avenged ', and in mournful i such fugitive person, either by procuring for rcrnnvini; criminl,, lo bo certified by ! ece the gaunt and stricken warrior re a w arrant from some one of the courts.ji.d. , ,,e jU(,,e of ,ho Dislrict witisio which the j ,urncd to his people, ges.or commissioners of the proper rircuit, : nrrest u' (nn,jCi paj j out (lf tIie treasury Years have numbered those Indian ?.os-s district, or county, for the apprehension of 0, ,,ie Unile(1 S(aie3 j ,hc dcad Thejf hpavy slumI).r;, nrc such fugitive from service or lahor. or by j Tie ,0thj nn,i nst) scction provides for j unbroken by the din of the hammer, th? seizing and arresting such fugitive. here' maliin;; fJ. r,rt proof of the escape of a i busy strife, and the solid tread of the tne same can be cone wittioui process, ana by taking, or causing such persons to be ;.he masiPr resl,jos . 8nj mai;es a certified taken forthwith before such court, judge, 'co?y of ,,at rccorj, fu and conclusive ev or commissioner, whose duty it shall bo to idcn(.e Mor0 thr. Commissioner, of the hear and determine the c.v-e of such clai- j facl 0rcscapr., and service due to the clai mant in a summary manner ; and upon satisfactory proof being made, by deposi-1 srH.repjL. oller evidence ofthese two facts; j doomed region. " Sorrow and suffering" tion or affidavit in writing, to bo taken and anj reqire)) in addition, proof to be j are ru, in eVcry heart, and fathers, hroth ccrtified by such court, judge, or commis- mnfa 0 ,10 jjemity of the person ' Pr. nd .ons. are slceninir in nameless Moner, or by other satisfactory testimony. duly taken ai.d certified by some court, mngistrnte, justice ol the peace or other le - gal ofiicer authorized to administer an oath and take depositions under the laws jof the Slate or Territory from which such i person owing service may have escaped, i with a certificate of such magitracy or ! r.ll.re nnlhnrilv n nfrps .i,l. null thn sr;il ofibe nrnoer eotirt or i ffii-er thereto at- !,achcd. which seal shall besufiicicnt toes- tablish the comj etency of the proof, and (with proof nls'i by affidavit ol the idenly jof the person whose service or labor is jclaiined to be due as aforesaid, that the (person so arrested does in fact ovte service or labor to the person or persons claiming I him or her, in the Slate or Territory from j I which such fugitive may have escaped ns i i aforesaid ; and that said person escape J to : I make out and deliver to such claimant, his j laocnt.or attorney, a certificate settina forth ' : the substantial facts as to the service or I. labor due from such fugitive to the claim- inn!. anil of his or hi rraenne rom the Slate I .., .. L- , i ... ... ur it-ill I rv l aiiin . 11 u m-i v I r ur m sir J was due to the Slate or Territory in which ihe or she was arrested with authority t j such claimant, or his or her agent or at- tnrnov tn enph rpnsnnnh!n fuerr. nn,l j restraint as may be necessary under the cir- cumstanccs of thecase.to take and remove presence ol lUjntu, t.io neauiiiui an-1 gen such fugitive person back to the State or ,llc InJian S'rI wh0"1 he luve(l- No won Territory whence he or she may have es- uVr ,hlt cvcn nis iron lu:arl wa entangled caped as aforesaid. In no trial or hearing I in lhe bewildering meshes of love, for under this act shall the testimony of such M'"lil: was ver.v beautiful, alleged fugitive b? admitted in evidence : j !5ut InB mMea looked with cold eyes and the certificates in this, and the first "Pn 'e Pt chieftain; and while he section mentioned, shall be conclusive of I vet wooed, a strange, new sound echoed the right of the person or persons in whose 1 favor granted, to remove such fugitive lo 'the Slate or Territory from which he esca ' ped, and shall prevent all molestation of such person or persons, by any process issued by any court, judge, magistrate, or other person, whomsoever. 7. 1 hat any person who shall know- dy of such claimant, his or her agent or attorney, or other person, or persons law fully assisting as aforesaid, when so arres ted pursuant to the authority herein given and declared ; or shall aid, abet or assist such person so owing service or labor as aforesaid directly or indirectly to escape from such claimant, his agent or attorney, or other person or persons legally author ized as aforesaid ; or shall harbor or con ceal such fugitive, so as to prevent the dis covery and arrest ol such person, alter notice or knowledge of the fact that such person as a fugitive from service or labor as aforesaid, shall, for either of said offen ces, be subjected to a fine not exceeding 31,000, and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment nnd conviction before the District Court of the United giates for the District in which such oflense - ,, hve been committed, or before the proper Court of criminal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of the organized Territories of the United States ; aud shall moreover, forfeit and pay, by way of civil damagea to the party injured by such ille gal conduct, the sum or $1,000, lo be re covered by action of debt, in any of the District or Territorial Courts aforesaid, within whose jurisdiction the taid offense may have been committed. The 8'h section gives the Commissioner a fee of 100 in case a certificate is grant ed, and only S3 if !io deems the proof in sufficient ', the usual fee o the Marshals, and Clerks of th U. S. Courts i and S3 and cxp'-ntej to the per3ns executing the warrmt; wh'c'j fi'es an J expenses are ;,avp i.fore any court of record where mnnt, but in tho absence of this, does not Claimed as a fuaitive. j The bill parsed the Senate by 27 to 12, ' Senator Sturgeon voting for it ; and Coop 1 cr noainst it. vol in '. !1 Senators absent, or noti j Tne vote in tin linns stoid, yeas 109, ' ft,,yS 75. Ab-n', or n it voting, 43. The following is tlie first verse of Bay ard Ta lur's prize song, which was omit ted when set to music fur the sake of brev ity. ithout i! the song seems to com mence abruptly : Ti. ail tint in silence lht heart mnt reveal What the f.ilt- ri".i lip lo it.- pleading denies. When tie warmth of its ln-ntm-i we may uot conceal, And ;rr:itcl'iil i-iii"tioti is of. in tlie eyes. Hut silence itrelf. in lh reyion of sou;.'. Is nm-ic uoeie - 1, r :!.'! purer in tone. -And the min.tre t v. I. esc Ik.jk to that r Rion bvlun, Mu.'t fi'l in it Wi-uuful LniiEuao" alone. Yrr m the Xnti nal K;a. " Enreka" I hive Found 1L . , ., v ..! Lona vears n"o, ben the iNew W orlu i " unmolested in is will jrandeur.an , ,., t i.r nuian king iii iu ru c i.ut nrin sway over ,nc ,r,:KS unynu tnc golden mountains. . r-: i . i : .. -.i. -t , rwiti iuiu n a nuuu warrur, kiiii a wnu, U.iv:ire soul, itl filled tu the "iant. athlr-tic r- , , , t. , lran,!? ,ni1 ipre" PuJ tiignny solar above the dark forms nrmnd him. None JarrJ riist 1 " erful will none V'ared incur bis fearful atiyer. The flash I"1" his fi,r p.vc nt'vcr "r'f'Pned but in the among the moun:ains. V ith eager haste and silent wonJcr, Kinaulu, with a score of chiefs, began the ascent of the rugged rocks. On and on they bounded, leaping among the awlul chasms, or balancing on some dizzy height ; yet ever up and on. Louder and nearer rang the strange voice, and now, with clear distinctness, came the shout: " Kureka! Eureka!'' One moment more, and the savage band reached a broad, flat rock, where a novel sight filled them with awe and fear. There stood a group of pale men, in Spanish garb, Irom beyond the seas. One prominent, manly figure, with outstretched arms and beaming lace, gazed far away upon the Pacific, that lay in majestic gran deur below them. With glistening eyes, and proud enthusiasm swelling his heart, another joyous " Eureka !" burst from his burning lips, and echoed and re-echoed among the rocks, and then rolled down the mountain sides in thundering tones. Months of weary toil and suffering were repaid in this hour of joy, while beholding ihe long sought waters ; and, with pious zeal, Vasco de Balboa and his sturdy band knelt in gratitude before the newly-erected cross. The dusky warriors looked on in mo tionless surprise, till assured they beheld mortals like themselves ; then with silent footsteps retraced their way down the mountain defiles to thedark wilderness be low. Kinaulu liked not the resounding " Eureka," though lhe strange intruders came to smoke lhe pipe of peace and promised the protection of their gods. The timid Monita beheld the mysterious comers with awe and admiration. Vasco saw the wild flower, and in an entbusias tic passion vowed to transplant it to his native soil. Uis noble beauty and prince ly bearing won the maiden's heart, and she fled with the white warrior. 'The seal motto of California- With threatening vengence flew the swift-footed Kinaulu in pursuit of his lost Monita. Over the rorks and up the mountain heights he bounded in unwearied strength. Away, away strode the giant chieftain, till from the topmost pinnacle he looked down upon the fugilives, wlm clam bered among ihe passes in anxious haste. One momont his flashing eyes were fixed upon them, and then, with unerring aim, a quivering arrow sped to Mnn'tes heart. Silently he saw her fall, but anger gleam' while man's march. Cities spring up as in the days of magic, and the wild exciting cry, " Eureka !" again resounds a.nong the mountains and along the coasts of the Golden Land. But the curse of the Indian chieftain hanss I.ke a cloud over a cloud over that ravcs wr,ie yearning hearts wait their "cmrn lo distant firesides. The restslrug- gle bravely on.now casting a wistful, long- j gancc towards the far-oflhome ; then, with fresh courage, seek the glittering dust so eagerly gathered. The miner comes down with his booty, but the wily gnmbler wins his treasure. The merchant speeds his trade nnd counts his thousands ; but in a night it is all swept away, and naught remains but a burning ruin- The mechan ic tries his skill, but the stormy waters rush upon his handiwork, and labor is lost. Again hope leads them to the weary search for gold, but the spirit of Mouila guides I them hither and thither, and they wander! ur and down, tormented and bewildered. ! Some strong hearts resist the whisperings of the wandering spirit, and they alone break the spell : but the Indian's cur-e .... rests heavily upon the land of his fathers, and " Eureka 1' dies faintly upon the lips of the weary and heart sick who fiuds no reward for his toil. Ihi:k. Jenny LInd and her Singing. iVjthout participating at all in the musi cal mania with which the town is afflicted, we have heard enough of the wonderful powers of this great vocalist to account for the unparalleled interest created by her! :..:' k.,u, ........ ,k ..;... 3IIIIU. .Sllll OilCI Mlgll. III& 9IUI.IUU9 area of Castle Garden has been crowded to excess by eager multitudes, who have sat in breathless silence beneath her magic spells, a vast and most affecting testimony to the supremacy of genius, and the in comprehensible power of music upon the human soul. VVe hardly know of a more suggestive and impressive sprclacle than these colossal concerts have afforded. There must be a power in song which our philosophy has too little dreamed of, and which is capable of being turned to a mighty moral tflict. Surely an agency of such wonderful potency ought to be more valued than it is, and ought to be en listed more thoroughly than it ever has been in the service of religion and man's spiritual good. We believe the time is coming when it will be. It is but to echo the universal expression to praise the performance of this extraordi nary and peerless singer. ller magic power confounds all criticism, and defies all analysis. No one can define the pe culiar element of voice or manner which makes Jenny Lind the best singer in the world, yet nobody doubts she is such. Neither can any one specify the one pecu liarity of Shakspeare's greatness. It is bis universality that makes him so peerless. Miss Lind has several qualities, either of which alone would make her great ; and the glorious combination of all of which makes her the greatest of vocalists. ller genius is many sided ; she accordingly pleases all tastes, and subdues all hearts Cultivation is not necessary to appreciate her ; the child and the amateur alike give homage to her genius. In her varied and universal excellences, there is something that touches the heart of every one. U'e doubt if there was ever a vocalist to whom there was so little dissent. Snarling criti cism itself lies down and smiles at her feet. The infinite ease and grace wilh which the loftiest vocal efforts are made, is one amazing characteristic which gives her great power. We always reverence what is beyond oar comprehension. Jenny Lind never exhausts herself ; in the most daring and gigantic of her vocal feats,) here is such a sense of abundance ol power left, ucb depth end breadth of genius still un- explored, that the hearer is not only put entirely at rest, but ftels a kind of awe spreading over him, as before the unre vealed strength of a supernatural being Hence there is nothing mechanical in her winging the thought of art does no: enter the mind. It does not seem possible that she has endured years of toilsome practice to attain her astonishing facrtity ; her flex - ible, gracelul, natural powers, seem lo have been b3rn with her. We tbiuk of the caroling of birds, the music r,f water falls, and the eloquent woods. We drink in her warblings with the same delight and reverence that we feel when e listen to the harmonics of nature. Such music must be profnable and puri'ying ; and we can not but believe that mnny a mind will catch an idea of what muM Le the glory and beauty of the world of harmony, or der and love, which perhaps no grosser species of instruction could impart. Perhaps, too the character ef the woman has imperceptibly blended with her music. imparting a portion of lis generous and; whole-souled impulse. She is known to I be a pure, self-forgettina. generous woman. The story of her benevolenc, her child-like simplicity, and truth, is wide spread as the knowledge o( her vocal powers. We would not separate the two if we cou'd. It helps the moral efTect of her muic, to think that her life and soul are in unison with its elevated strains. Indeed, she could not be the singer she i, wrj she otherwise. She sings from her heart, and, ol course, sings to the heart. We think it an admirable proof ol' the necessity of moral culture to the full development of the voice. Young dedans an undevout as tronomer mad ; Miss Lir.d proves an im pure and selfish singer impossible. Nor should we overlook, in our estimate, the great influence of her position relative to the stage. Ii is a great thing lor morality and religion, that the first singer in the world has renounced the theatre aod the opera, after full proof of their tendency and character. Genius is coming to find nut her natural allies. Music, poetry. painting Art in all its beauteous aspects beginning to feel its eternal affinities ith moral P',ri,y on'1 goodness. Let us lhank Jl-nny L!nJ krone signal lesson of a 6reat Bnd ill understood truth. Sew Growing Better. "Is the world growing better or worse!" IVe insist that it is growing better. No one evil exists to so great on extent in pro portion to the whole population, as it did forty years ago, or twenty-five years ago. Forty years bring the whole period within our recollection. There is less war and less of the war spirit, and more opposition to war and the spirit of war. There is Inja nltarfnlini l.n aai, ! a tm nn.l 1 T , g"S: ,han there used ,0 be- 'e can remember when a man who would take an insult without fighting in the street was shunned and despised as a coward nnd a mean fel low ; now, he who thus fights is covered with disgrace. There is less licentiousness and more out-spoken opposition to that which exists- U'e can remember when it was worth a minister's reputation to lec ture against this sin, but now the pulpit thunders and lhe press repeats the echc. Time has been when the innocent could be betrayed, seduced and ruined with impuni ty, or at least the perpetrator was subjec ted to a small pecuniary loss in the shape of damage for doing what is beyond repair, i and for taking what is above price. Now J those who can he proved guilty of the 1 same offence, in this and some o'her States. i find a home in the State's orison. There i ,s lis,. .k,er. n,l mora onin l .U. ' . . . . . . ... . wnicn remains, ana our. icw ooiidi mat tne days of slavery are numbered, and that its end hasteneth. True Wesley an. Pointed Preaching. The following anecdote is re'die.-f of Fa ther Moody, who graduated at Harvard College in 1697. CoMngraham a wealthy pariahoner had retained his large stock of corn in lime of great scarcity, in hope of raising the price. Father Moody heard of it, and resolved upon a public attack upon the transgressor. So he arose in the pulpit one Sabbath and named as his text, Prov. xi. 17 : " He that wiihholdeth corn, the people shall curse him ; but blessings shall be upon him that selleth it.'' Col. Ingraham could not but know to whom reference was made ; but held up his head and faced bis pastor with a look of stoic unconsciousness. Father Moody went on with some very applicable remarks, but Col. Ingraham still pretended not to understand the allusion. Father Moody grew very warm, and still more di rect in hisremarksupon matters and things But Col. Ingrahom still held op bis head as high, if not higher than ever, and would not put on the coat prepared for him. Fa ther M. at length lost all patience. "Col. Ingraham," said be, "you know I mean you. Why don't you hang down your head:" "A new broom sweeps clean.' Freaks of Fortune. There is a man w ho has seen some-fifty Rummers, of a good stature nnd command ing figure, who drfvca Waverly omnibus, and who has actually gron gray in thn serviiT. Hi; commenced his ocrupttion in March, 1833, now more than seventeen years past, and has pursued it most of th : time since. Hi fatter was. s tealihv op-' noisterer, lor many j .'niune siir, and now he is a rich retired o'd r.er,i:emar. highly respectable, on Long Uland. Th son is a man U fit.e rapacity, has a mora than ordinary intellect, and i Handsomely educated. Uis fast living for a while ptef ty rapid'y dissolved two moderate fortune, which together w'uh some family disngret ments, bad the effect of enstr.ingcn.ciii be twern himsel! and father. Ail ill feeling . is now over, lis father has given birrf forty thousand dollars, a small po;ti in cf what he doubtless will receivt :l.e ii.ttrctt ol w hich he draws as he d'-s re, and ap propriates ns he likes. H l:v-s witbLisf family in a snug rot'aje in T ii:y-s cor.fi strict, in a quiet Christian-like wiV-sU,! following bis profession of s'Hg-vdiiviin because h llke" It bee au-e it is pastime -' because he earns his living by it, and not from compulsion. M.ir.y of the ten thou sand passengers who ride in that excellent line have, doubtless, remarked this extra ordinary man, with his piercing blark eye, his long black hair now mixrd uith white, his brow n face, his tall and ra'her slender figure, his broad brimmed ha', and tKe rapidity of his movements his jtae pas sengers little thinking that tl.ey were ihrus'.ing iheir sixpences in the finger that had at their command feny thousin f dollars. .V I". Tay Book. FR0H CALIFORNIA ' By the arrival of the steamer Cherrkw at New York, on Fn'urd-ty n ornin. from Chagres, we have San Francisco date ti the 1st ofSeptembcr, incluiv. The news is highly encouraging, in' every point of view. The yevious re port of the burning of Sacramento City proves to have been unfounded, order haw ing been restored among the j-njle. The wounds received by Mayor Iligelow wilt not be fatal. In the different melee between the ci't' zens and rioters, there seems to have lwrr killed on the part of the former, Shtiitr McKenney and Mr. Woodland ; wouuJeJ, Mayer Bigelow ind Cpt. K'dford. Of ihe squattrrs, George W. flenshaw nnd M.idisnn Kelly were killed. Alen, the keeper of the house from which the firt shot was fired, fled, after beng dngero;tslv wounded. He was pursued anil raptured. His wife had been dangerously ill torsomp tirre, and died from excitement during th affray. The excite nf against the foreigners in the southern mines has subsided, nnd the assassinations hate alirost whdlly rraxer1 A large number ol Chilians and Mexicans have left the country in consequi nee ol the law compiling them ti lako rutl, tn-es to mine, and business in the S.m Juuq-on' district has snlTeird in consequence ; but, nevertheless, the mining opera'icns ar still prosecu'ed with indusiry and ncrr. In the Mariposa mines stfam n;arhitiry has been brought into requisition in crush ing the quartz rock, nnd the reu!i promise amply lo reward thoe engaccd in the tn terprse. Business, hitherto backward, r..n .ivrrt some indication i f improvement. In Sj ramemo there is a decided Irisknrss. WashiUjct.'n Irving we see ir fluted? wi.f Le ab!e to k,fT crpy right in England. " WmS' WT-'IUSC, thoU"h htj W IS bom ht,f( hu psrents were born ir Kn.-UnC, and ihis makes him, according i. Knisf law, an Kngiishm.tn, and thcrelbre. entities him to take cut a copyright. Hon. John II. I.iur.pkin, in a speech ul a public meeting in Georgia, said Ihat thi: bill introduced into the Senate, by Mr. Douglass author zino California t lor nr i constitution, lo be adu.itttd as u State, mil lhe approval of Mr. Polk. It is said now that Jenny Lin I intends to devote her American profits lo ihu establishment of a s-hool lor ths Christian education of poor children iu Sweden, ti whom few opportunities are now gitcn. A noble object, truly. There is a manufactory at Oswego, N. Y., which turns out forty thousand pounds of starch per week, made of indian corn. The starch is said lo be of the purest ami whitest kind . The Green Bay Advocate savs ih the people of the "Upper Peninsula" ol Michi gan are agitating the project ol reparation from the State, and the Icrmatjon t,f a r.e State. - (iov. Floyd, of Virginia, is now rn a visit lo the Stale of New York, to inspect the plank roads and other improvement of the Empire State. 300,000 Holsteiners are still in face of 35,000 Danes. Both armies occupy strong positions, which they are daily strengthen ing by fortifications. The North Westward of Reading. P.. contains 1341 male and 1341 terns it s. U hat place can beat that 1