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BURG CHRONICLE BY 0. N. WORDEN & J. R. CORNELIUS. Ax IxDErEN'DEXT Family News Journal. ESTxVBLISIIED IN 1843....WIIOLE NO., C94. At $1,50 Pee Year, always ix Advance. LEWISBDRG, UNION CO., PA.V FRIDAY, JULY 31, 1857. Prospectus of I he Itrpublic, Viii.oTOJf, D. C I WK'WtK M. WK-T IV. Elitcr and Proprietor; 1A. ifcL U. 4iOitlUlK, AsslKUUt Ktiltor. j A suificient lime has elapsed since the in auguration of Mr. Buchanan, to dispel the hipes entertalneJ by many who did not sup-; j- r; his election to the Presidency, that his ad Oinitration of adairs would be so moderate , an ! conservative as to give repose to a coun- l,( tuo li-n; agitated by exciting collisions of 1 opinion and intcre-t. On the contrary, it has . l-cn so far marked by a violence of measures I whir h is without precedent, eveu in the ad- ni.nistration of Mr. Pierce. I I:i Kansas, it has given all its patronage.not ntore'y to a faction, detested by the people of tiiat Territory, but to the most odious men of j t!iat faction, some of whom have participated directly in scene of violence and bloodhcd ; I wiiii'.' it has concentrated the entire disposable j army of the United Slates at Fort I.eaven worth, under the cominandof a man of known ' TA'lence of character, for the manifest pur- r-'se of intimidating our fellow-citizens there submission to a foreign usurpation, and j if iutimidation fails, of desolating them wilh ; tire and sword. j In foreign affair, it does not disguise its ! purpose to take immense sums from the Trea- i s:;ry. to be expended in the purchase of new territories, while it threatens us wilh compli- ! cations and wars fatal to commerce, in the sole iitvrest of an institution, deemed temporary ' an 1 eiceptioual by the founders of our Ciov- j trr.iiie:it, but which now aspires to an eternity ! it Juration, and to universal dominion. j The purpose of Mr. Buchanan's administra- ; t.-:i clearly is, to keep up that agitation of the ! s avery Question, which was deliberately en- : irred upon as a matter of political calculation ' in 161, as the basis of anew party then form- 1 ti to control the destinies of the country ; that ! i;, ration to which Mr. Uuchanau owes his ' , .n flection, and to which those who surround o io now look confidently for the perpetuation their own power. Ttiere arc large bodies of our countrymen, n all parts of the Union, who deplore this or (.ni. itjiion of a sectional party at the South, b it'. 'ined upon the revolutionary proceedings c-t is.'il, an 1 Mill maintained by violent arts. a?xa!in to sectional passions; who perceive that n ostracises the moderate and conserva- ; Judges of the U. S. Supreme Court, are t ve portion of the citizens of the slaveholJiug published in a volume by Greeley & M'El-S:ate-from participation and influence in pub- ' ,1, v V ...-. t . , , ... 1 . ra,h -t at - c,s- s'ne'e copy, 82 per healuirs; and who see in this geographical , , - , , , J' anatieuient of pa, ties the greatest dangers of j dZCU' .5 L5 .P. hUtdtC. . . H i kiuJs, including danger to the peculiar in- ! jigrThe Lock Haveo WatJtmaa states :itu..on, .he sensitiveness of which is so reck- ' luat Gen 1acker dcclarcd ,t thc Democn. .: '-!y appealed to by political gamblers. e, , , , ,,. , . . . . . ! tic Slate Convention, wheo he was Dotni- It is pioposed by the undersigned to estab- ' a .Newspaper at the City of Washington, ' "ted,that"Ac would chaUtxgt the oppostDg n. uhich the views of these portions of our j candidate, whom bo might be, to take the e un rymen may be redected. This newspa- j stump with him during the gubernatorial ; t will be styled The Republic, and will en-! canvass." But, Geo. Packer baa not only -at or to maintain a nationality and compre- n,j challenged, but he has refused to no- :.-iis:veness of views worthy of its name. uballenae sent him b Judse Wil- t teeming as the most imminent anil press ..graphical party by pandering io the pas-! : .as of the slavery propaganda. The R,pulVc resolutely oppose an Adminisiration which j li- determined to perpetuate itself by keeping i form of party sc dangerous and so odious. An inflexible attachment to the Union, a re- ir nee for thc Constitution of the United it-s as the highest achievement oi noman ! make the people Dcncve tncy are opposed wisdom ; a general conformity, as to doubtful j to Slavery extension, in tie South the constructions of the Constitution and as to Aniericarjg ar0 lue m09i u, glaTerj pro rnnciplcs of public administration, to the i. &lg WitacM the fiJtowing-phnk" M-hoi.l of politics illustrated by the genius of . r b . . f r Mr. JelT-rson; peace and justice in our foreign;'" lu0 "Georgia American Platform, relations; the consolidation of our civilization adopted July 8, 1857 : at home, rather than needless, premature, or 5 The territories of the United States dangeious enlargements of territory ; the ded- we regard as the common property of all ication of our present public domain as a the- , the States as co equal sovereignties, and as a;re for the prosperous industry of freemen, at I, with that view, the prohibition of its trans fer except in moderate quantities to actual set ters; such, briefly,are the principles, feelines. a" I objects, which will give lone to TAe He- j puhlic. It will be one ol the aims ot Hit Krpubliclo c '-.iperate in reducing the expenditures ol the Government, which have been swollen toscv- r'.y millrans per annum by the extravagance z-.l corruption of the party in power. Thc : . euues of the country are mainly contributed ' y its free laborers, while its disbursements, of '.M years, have been made with very little re ference to their intcrcsis. Public employments, military, naval, and civil, have become more arid more engrossed by a peculiar class,which brars little of the public burdens, and which I hereafter it shall not be lawful for any per ils thus had a double motive to augment sa- son or persons to fish in Middlecreek,with .arifs and expenditures. in the county of Snyder, with seines, brush The publication of The Republic will be ' or scoop nets, (except from the dam known commenced in the first week of next Septem ber. The prices and terms of subscription are ;tven below. It is expected that a daily pub- l.cation will be added, to commence wilh the text session of Congress. The Weekly Re public will be printed on a mammoth sheet, 27 ly 42 inches. The Semi-Weekly will be prin t'. 1 on a sheet S3 by 34 inches. Di.iiil K. Goobloe, of North Carolina, has i ten engaged to assist in the editorial man agement of The Republic, aod other additions nil be made to its corps of political and liter ary contributors. GEORGE M. WESTOX, Editor and Proprictur. WuHiieiof, D. C, June 8, 1857. TLRMS OF THE REPUBLIC. XI-WtlKLT. F'nzlf pr, on Tr t-i od I One oj., tlx uonthi 1 JO Teopi., M 6 w I Tw, ouiea, 20 l.u cupic, 10 uc Pit etipio, 44 6.00 WEEKLY. i- copy, OM ymt rf ctpiefl, $!'J I UfM MPT, UX bodUu tl.OI) 4.00 1 fin rapiri, " 6 00 15.00 I Tea mwim, h (mi "nt; eopin, 2j-u0 I Ttreutj oof ta, " 1Z&0 I'ayment always in advance. Money may be forwarded by mail, if the let ' t containing it be registered, at my risk. I-irrr amounts had better be forwarded in 'tots. Address GEORGE M. WESTON, Washington, D. C. The ifjntrote Repiilliean says that there 15 child now living in Rush, Susqueban i county, aged five months, whose pater and maternal relatives for four gener ions (with the exoeption of the grand wher) are B0W living father, mother, Stand mother, great grand father, great grand mother, great-great-grand father, gat-gret-raud motLcx. ajThr Woke Comic Fort, In Uiefolhming costrihu- cm tot Uw sluggard .ideof tha qiiiun of EARLY RISING. r j-jhx a. sail MOud blew th nan whoflrtioreDted levpP &i Saucho TantA Mid, and no aj I ; And blew him. also, that h didti't krtp lift grent (li-covt-rr to lilmfk-lf; or try To make it nr. tlif lucky fellow niixtit A close monofioly Ly "patent riifht!, W b1wa tbfinan who flrxt Inrnt-d ita'p I ri'ally can't ail the iteration.) But libit t!ir mm. with fuww, loud and tlerp, What Vr thi ra-ral'a name, or aar. or station, Who firM fiiTi iit -U. and went round ndvuriD" Tli;it artificial cut oft Karly UMng. "ill-sfwith the lark, ud with the lark to bed, Vb-wrrrs Mme solemn, ri.tirn-otal owl ; Mnximt ik the are very cheaply aaM ; Hut, t-rr you make yournrlf a fool or fowl, I'ruj jtwt inquire alnut tli rinr ind full, Ai.d bftbrr lark." have any tedt at allt The 'timr for hones f.-lkf to be abed, Ik io thr moraine, If I renn ri-ht; And 1m m ho can not kep hi? precious hrad rixinhiffdlLm, U' fairly l.bt. And enjy hi f.,rty tnornin-wtuks. In up to knavery ; or else La drinks) Thomson, who suns about the "Seasons," raid It was a glurfouR thin- to rur In st-ason. But tben he said it layinf in his bed At ten o'clock A. M. tlte ery reason Hi- wrote so charmingly. The simple fact Is, His pn-achioK wasn't saactiom-d by his practice. Tis, doubtless, welt to be aometinies awake Awake to duty, aud awake to truth Uutwht n, alas! a nice review w take Of our best deed.- and days, we find, in sooth. The hours that leave the slightest cause to ww p Arc thosa we're puMd in childhood or asleepl Ti beautiful to h are the world awbila F.ir the soft Tiious of the gi-nt!e nijclit ; AuJ free, at Inst, from mortal enre or guile. To lite, as only fu the angels' sight. In sleep sweet renlra so coly phut In, Where, at the wumt, we only drram of sin I So, let us !-p, and five the 1aker praise, I like the lad who, when his father thought To clip this morn in; nap by hackneyed phrase Of vagrant worm by early songntcr caught, Crit-d, bavrved him riht! it's not at all surprising The. wotxn was punished, sir, for early rising t" TIffi CHRONICLE. MOSD4V, JtXV ST, IS5T. lltTThe decision at length of Judge! Taney and Curtis id the Drcd Scott case, with abstracts of the opinions of the other root, a "freeman worthy of bis steel.1 D O There are Other papers also which say Judge Wllmot has, after waiting two months for the promised challenge, "made a pais himself. Americanism "down South.." While in the North the Ishmaelitcs attempt to cuch open to settlement by the citizens of the States trtVA rAct'r property at matter of rxjht ; and that no power reside eitlur t Conqreuor TUB TERRITORIAL LeOISLA- TURE, or the pettp'e of the territories while a territory, to exclude from settlement in any territory any portion of the citizens of this Republic trtA their property legally hrld in the State$ from which they emigrate. We repudiate therefore the doctrine com monly called squatter sovereignty in the territories tgi,The following section relative to Fishing with Nets, we publish for the benefit of fishermen : Section 1. Be it enacted, ic, That as Richter's dam to the Susquehanna river) nor in l'enns creek, within the county of Union,witb seines, scoop nets or any other kind, by whatever name they may be call ed, trtA meshet Utt than one and a half inch, under a penalty of not less than two nor more than thirty dollars for every Buch offence, against any tnd every person so offending ; which fine or penalty shall be recoverable by and for the nse of any per son suing for the same, before any justice of the peace of said counties, as debts of like amount are recoverable, with costs of suit : I'roeultJ, That no suit shall be sus tained nnder this act unless commenced within forty day after the commission of the offence : And provided further, That persons in eompany so offending shall be jointly and severally liable. &-The following rule of Court, in re gard to notice, is important to Executors and Administrators, where the widow claims $300 worth of property, nnder the Act of Assembly exempting property to that amount for her use : " It is ordered by the Court, That in future when the widow claims $300 worth of personal property of ber husband, it shall be the duty of the Executor or Ad ministrator of the deceased to cause notice to be inserted in one . of the newspapers published in the County Town, three weeks, that the widow has mad her se lection, and that it will be presented to the Orphans' Court for approval, on a day certain, to bo designated in the notice. The expenses to bo paid out of the estate. Adopted in Northumberland county, Jan uary 6, 1857. THE STATE ELECTION. The contest in Pennsylvania is narrow ed down to a straggle between thc friends of Slavery exteusion and its opponents. Packer represents one principle, and Wilmot the other, and all efforts to di rect the public mind from the real and vi tal ifsue of the campaign by the presenta tion of a third ticket will signally fail, as the result on the second Tuesday of Octo ber will prove. Pennsylvania must take her position on this great question ; and to her addition the friends of Free Labor, Free Speech and F ree Soil, in every part of the Union, are looking- with the most intense anxiety. The influence which the voice of tho ,-01d Keystone" would have oc her sisters of this great confederacy if that voice be fairly expressed cannot be estimated at this time. Pennsylvania should array herself with the great Northern phalanx in this contest for tho eradication of the heaviest curse that ever blighted the prospects of an oth erwise prosperous nation. Our good old Stale, whoso early history is a standing rebuke to slavery, should shake off the thraldom of Southern influence in which she has been entangled by tho course of her own unworthy sous, who would barter the fair fame of the Commonwealth for the "loaves and fishes" dispersed by pow er. Pennsylvania should no longer main tain the character of the blind giant, igno rant of ber own power and resources, and subject to the control of weaker and in significant rivals. in this political contest by David Wil- mot, is the only opposing party to the j pernicious and destructive doctrines of the mis named Democracy, now before the people of Pennsylvania. The effort to place a third ticket in the field is one of the shallowest schemes of Locofocoism, al though ostensibly introduced by "Ameri cans," for the alleged purpose of main taining a separate and distinct organiza tion. These "Straight-out" disorganizes have their warmest sympathizers in the ranks of the bogus Democracy ; and the voter who would be deceived by such pal try maooeuveriog must iudeed be stupid beyond redemption. In tho mean lime, the friends of Free Labor should not waste their time in idle discussion, but proceed with the work of thorough and effective organization in ev ery election district in thc State. This is the right way to go to work if a final tri umph is the object of our earnest hopes. Let it be known, then, and remembered too, that to elect Wir.MOT and the Union State Ticket, WE MUST WORK FOR IT, with a heart and a will worthy of the candidates, the occasion, and the great cause in which we are enlisted. We must work for it as men and Christians as Americans and as Republicans in every oounty and every township, from the Del aware to Lake Krie from the head wa ters of the noble Susquehanna to Mason and Dixon's line. Organize, NOW ! Organize as if you felt the great truth that eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. Organize closely and thoroughly, and with a view to secure a large turn out to the polls'; for, after all, if our friends do not vote, they are of very little service to the cause. Among the most effective means to con duct a political campaign to a successful termination, is the free circulation of newspapers and documents. Give the people light spread among them sound and convincing facts and tho battle is more than half won. We trust our edito rial brethren the ever reliable sentinels on the watch-towers of Freedom, will sound the buglo notes of preparation or, in other words, will recommend prompt organization and decisive action, in regard to the approachingState election. Should we go into the contest, determined to hang together, and if need be fall togeth er, we have no fears for the final result Wilmot will be the next Governor, and Pennsylvania, by the expressed voice of ber own sons, will be where she should have been years ago on the side of Free Labor, and in opposition to the dark spirit of slavery, and the train of evils that spring from it. PUtAurg Gazette. Remedy fob. Drcnkbnness. Dr. J no. Higginsbotham, surgeon in Nottingham, England, says : "When the mania comes on, tlie intense desire for alcoholic stimu lus is so strong as to render the drunkard subject to no control, and from the sensa tion of depression, or sinking, ho looks upon alcoholic stimulus as his only remedy. When a person is in this state, it will be always found that bis stomach is in fault, and that the unnatural appetite arises from that cause alone ; if half a drachm of the powder of ipecacuanha be taken, so as to produce full vomiting, the desire for intox icating stimulants is immediately removed. From tho experience I have had of the effects of ipecacuanha, I am of the opinion, if a patient can be persuaded to follow up tho emetic plan for a few times when the periodical attack comes on, that he will be effectually cured, and that the habit, (for uflb. I look upon it) will bo broken." Always keep oool aid jott will ntvsr sweat. Politics la Minnesota. Yesterday waa a "crisis" in the politi cal history of M innesota. At seven o'clock on Sunday evening, the Democratic mem bers of the Convention assembled in the Council Chamber at the Capitol in pri vate caucus adjourned at eleven. At twelve o'clock the Republicans met in cau cus at the Capitol, organised, and cleared the decks for action. No desiring to take any unfair advantage, they despatched a committee of five to make overtures to the Democratic committee at the Fuller House. Arriving there, a verbal agreement was made that neither should attempt to orga nize the Convention until 12 o'clock, M. The papers were drafted to that effect, and signed in good faiih by tbe Republi can committee, when the Democratic com mittee quietly pocketed tbe documents. They then drew npone to suit themselves, making a pledge (very definitely !) not to meet "until the usual time !" This not satisfying the Republican members, they remained in session all night, ready at any moment to check-mate the games of their wily, slippery, dishonest foes. At a quarter before 12 o'clock yester day, C. L. Chase, Secretary of tbe Terri tory, took the Speaker's desk, and, simul taceously with Mr. North, called the Con vention to order. Mr. Gorman moved that tbe Conven tion adjourn until 12 o'clock to day, which motion was put to vole by Mr. Chase, amid the most tumultuous confu sion, and in a deafening thunder storm of "Ayes !" and "Noes !" he pronounced the Convention adjourned ! Meantime a mo tion had been put and carried that T. J. Galbraith. (Rep.) be elected chairman pro tern, and be promptly took his seat. Tbe Democrats withdrew, in accordance with the motion to adjourn, (adjourn what?) and the remaining members of the Convention proceeded with their tempora ry organization. Ou motion of Mr. Aldricb, a commit tee of five was appointed on Credentials, consisting of Messrs. Aldricb, North, S her burn, Foster, and Basscn. Tbe Committee received credentials, and reported fifty six members as having presented certificates, and being entitled to seats in tbe Convention. Oa Btotioa, P. p. VvU, J -.:.. -m U. Peace, then came forward and adminis tered tbe oath of office to tbe members who.had been qualified. Mr. Boleombe received 55 votes, and was declared President Tbe Convention then voted for Permanent Secretary, with the following result : L. A. Babcock, 5G. Having received the unanimous votes of the Convention, he was declared elected. J. Q. A. Ward was also elected, unani mously, to the office of Assistant Clerk. The other offices were filled as follows: Chaplain, Rev. E. D. Neil!; Sergeant-at-Arms, Wm. Foster ; Messenger, D. F. Sull.rs ; Fireman, Gustave Lene. Ou motion of Mr. Galbraith, a commit tee of three was appointed to compile and report a eode of rules fur the government of the Convention. The Chair appointed Messrs. Galbraith, Foster, and M'Cune. Mr. Galbraith then read tbe "Enabling Act," in a clear and distinct voice, for tbe benefit of the members of the Convention, after which he offered the following : "Remitted, That in the opinion of the con vention, it is the wish of the people of Minne sota to be admitted into the Union at this time, in accordance with the act of Congress authorizing the people of the Territory of Minnesota to form a State Constitution, pre paratory to admission into the Union on an equal footing with the oiiginal States. A resolution was finally passed accept ing tbe provisions of tbe Enabling Act, and expressing the wish of tbe people of Minnesota to come into the Union upon a footing with tbe original States. A resolution was also adopted instruct ing Wm. B. Gere as Marshal of Minneso ta Territory, to proceed immediately to take a eensus of the citisens. The Republican members remained, "on guard" against last night, every member sticking up to bis seat with an invincible firmness worthy of Old Hickory. This morning they are there, ready to expose and defeat any trick that villainy can de vise. We begin to have new faith in hu manity new hope in tbe Republican par ty. It no longer lacks back-bone, but with the stamina and vino that the right always needs to ensure success, its mem bers walk up like men, and do their whole duty without faltering. St. Paul Timet, July 14. Ckimb AND Makriaob. The chaplain of the Surrey County Jail communicates to the London Times statistics,whioh show that of 3,357 prisoners, only 370 were married, and these bad an average of less than three children each, showing at once the humanizing tendency of the marriage relation, and also that its responsibilities deter, far more than its burdens and diffi culties provoke, criminal inclinations. A legal decision has just been rendered in Minnesota, to the effect that the recent removal of the seat of government from St Paul to St Peter was null and void, because after tho Governor and Legislature had once formally located the capital under the organie aot, their powers were exhausted. From Sstdib County. We have re ceived a letter from an intelligent friend in West Beaver, Tp. who writes, that be has been "on a visit tbrongh the upper end of Snyder county, and from present indi cations David Wilmot will 'go it with a rush ;' that bis majority will be greater than ever was given before for any guber natorial candidate ; that the W bigs and Americans are firmly united on him ; and as for Packer and Hazlehurst, they know nothing about them, and care lea." Ano tliei letter from an esteemed friend in Per ry township, says : "All's right here for Wilmot ; we will give him a long pull, a strong pull and a pull altogether," This we call cheering news, and indicates our triumphant success at the next election. MiddUburg Tribune. Look to tour Premises. Be careful to keep nothing on your premises that will taint tbe atmosphere, or cause annoyance to your neighbors. No decaying animal or vegetable matter should be permitted to remain an instant in any building or yard iu densely inhabited localities. Warm weather is upon us, and health is easily affected in Summer by vitiated at mosphere. Keep your premises clear and well purified, and you keep infectious di seases at a distance. A Kentucky slavecatcher, in pursuit of a fugitive, rather than suffer bim to escape out of bis clutches, shot him dead. The murderer's name is William Mead. Tho Governor of Ohio will make requisition for him upon the Governer of Kentucky to answer tbe crime of murder but will be be given up ? Free States must yield the escaping slave. Will Kentucky sur render a murderer f We shall see how far tbe surrender of fugitives is an item in thj creed of that chivalrous State. Gradually Paying tiiem off. B.T. C. Morgan, of Pittsburg, one of those "in iuti8e Americans" who could not vote for anybody but Fillmore; and who as a mem ber of tbe "Straightoot" State Committee, along with John P. Sanderson, sold the State to Buchanan last fall, has been ap pointed by Buchanan to a position as Post Master in Omaha Nebraska, said to be worth $2000. This was hit reward. Vhila. Time. Served Right. In the New York vuuit uvmiuus, lour oi me iseaa iiu- bit party, charged with participating in the riots in tbe Sixth Ward, on the 4tb of July, were sentenced to six months each in the Penitentiary Their names are Pa trick Slooney, John Reiley, Barney Galla gher, and Edward Dyer. All of them na tives of Ireland. Baltimore has the following "straight American" organizations within its limits: Blood Tub', Rip Raps, Thunder bolts, Rough Skins, Plug Uglies, Wampanoags, Tigers, Cut Throats, Swann's Babes, Lit tle Fellows, Stay Lates, Hard Times, Ash landers, Lone Star, II ushers, Bull Necks, Corn Cobs, and Mug Smashers. Whew ! One of our exchanges says that "com petition may be tbe life of business, but it is not true in trout fishing." He went to a brook for trout, and found that the two most eminent fisherman of bis village had just passed over its whole length. He went borne and ate salt mackerel for breakfast. A lady in Carlisle, Ind., left ber infant, abont a month old, in its cradle, while she went out in tbe field where her husband was at work. When she returned what was her horror to find that the child had been stolen and a negro baby left in its place ! No clue, whatever, can be found to tbe kidnapper. Sale oe Human Beinos. The Nor folk (Va.) American says it is estimated "that 30,000 slaves were sold and removed from Virginia last year, and "000 more escaped." The election of Buchanan gave a good impetus to tbe slave trade and to prices. By tbe last foreign arrival we learn that three Republican candidates in Paris have been elected to the French Assembly, not withstanding all the efforts of government to defeat them. At the first election they bad not a dear majority, and a new elec tion was ordered,with tbe result just stated. The Pro-Slavery Presbyterian General Assembly alias the Devil's Own Hypo crites does not seem to be a popular movement, perhaps owing to the fact that the projector of it is a son of a slave wo man : tbe good pro-slavery christians smell wool! The fact that a young man, a student of the Episcopal Theological Seminary in Fairfax, Va., shot and killed with a revol ver another young man on Sunday in self defence at a fracas at a Sunday school, is a sad commentary upon the morals and civ ilization os the young men of Virginia. Four of our distinguished statesmen have died on the 4th of July. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died on the 4th of July, 1826 ; James Monroe on the 4th of July, 1831 ; and lastly, Wm. L. Marcy on the 4th of July, 1857. Washington, Jnlj 10. Robert Farn ham, the oldest bookseller and stationer in this city, and universally esteemed, was killed this forenoon at the Stanton station of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Rail road, while standing oa the track as the Philadelphia train approached. Wilmot on Americanism, At the session of the -'American State Conned" of Pennsylvania held at Altoona, 15th April last, Messrs. Botilii. Cuvobi, M'MiTEir, Pnwta and Pttos were appointed a Committee, who propounded the following interrogatories, as "embracing the prineir lei of the American party," viz: Fint. Do you hold that in the elrction or appointment of alt officers native-born Americans should be preferred ! Second. Are yoo in lavoiof the pro. lection ol American labor, American rights and American interests ? Third. Are you in favor of the purificauon of the ballol-box,a reform in the naturalization laws, the enactment of a registry law, and the prohibition of foreign paupers and convicp) landing upon our shores 1 I'uurli. Are you opposed to any interference of Chorrh hierarehies in Politics 1 Fifth. Are yon in favor of Piee Schools for the education ol all classes, with the Bible as a lexl-book used therein ?1 JIDCE WILMOT'S ItEPLT. Towakda, July 10, 1857. Gentlemen : Your letter of the 5th of May came to hand during tbe sitting oi my Courts, immediately on the close of which I left home, and returned only a few days since. This must be my apology for not earlier having responded to your communication. I am requested to answer certain interrogatories propounded to me in pursuance of a resolution of the late Convention held at Altoona. Tbe history of our State establishes a wise and safe policy in respect to the point embraced in your first interrogatory. It will be found rare, indeed, that any except native born citizens, have held high official station, either in tbe Executive or Judi cial departments of our State Government ; and the same class, with comparatively few exceptions, have filled the scats of our Legislative Halls. The naturalized citi zen can not reasonably complain that this traditional policy should be preserved. There is nothing intolerant or prescriptive ; cor will tbe enlightened and patriotio citizen of foreigu birth so regard it. It imposes no legal disqualification. It takes from bim no right. Official station of right belongs to no man. While I would ad here to this policy as one of wisdom and patriotism, no American who properly ap preciates bis responsibilities, woold neglect an inquiry into the character and fitness of candidates presented for the suffrage ; nor could he, without betrayal of tbe best interest of bis country, disregard tbe claims of principle involved in his choice. Tbus, occasions may arise, when an enlightened and faithful discharge of duty, would demand oar suffrages for the naturalized citizen, in preference to oue born on our soil. Understanding the spirit of your first proposition as not inconsistent with the views here expressed, I yield it my cordial assent. " Are you iu favor of the protection of American labor, American rights, and American interests ?" To this, your second interrogatory, I shall content myself with a simple affirmative answer. Tbe matters embraced in your third interrogatory are of the first importance,and demand the most serious consideration of the patriot and statesman. The boldness and success with which frauds are perpetrated upon the Ballot Box, have become alarming, and uuless promptly and effectually checked, must end in the subversion of our system of free government. The forms of Liberty may remain, but only as a cheat and mockery, glossing over as cruel a despotism as ever cursed a people. I would susUio, with my whole strength, any and every measure, wisely devised, to preserve the purity of our popular elections. Wilful fraud upon the Ballot-Box, is moral treason against Republican Government; and all duly convicted of beingcon cerned therein, iu addition to other penalties, should be for ever disqualified from holding office or exercising the elective franchise. Doubtless our naturalization laws could be so amended as to aid in securing puri ty and fairness in our elections; but we should not weaken our State sovereignty by looking to tbe general government as tbe great souice of reform in this matter. It belongs exclusively to the States to regulate this whole question of suffrage ; to pre scribe the qualifications of electors to provide safeguards sgainst frauds, and in flict punishment fur assaults upon the integrity of tbe ballot-box. Our own State can not too early or vigorously exert its constitutional power in respect to these mat ters, vital as they are to liberty and the existence of free government. It has ever been a source of just pride to the true American, that his country opened au asylum for the oppressed of every land. God forbid that we should be so ungrateful for His blessings, as to refuse to share them with the honest and indus trious, of whatever clime or country ; but it is an outrage upon our hospitality, and :.l 1m.sW tkm OMMMii f tU Old World to ship cargoes of criminals and paupers on our shores. Our Government can not be too vigluuni guarding our rights in this respect. To your fourth, interrogatory I answer ; that J am opposed to the interference of Hierarchies in politics. The office of a Christian Minister is second to no other in dignity and responsibility. I would not dctraet from his functions, or impair the respect due to his character. I acknowledge his right, and, as a teacher of-the peo ple, I acknowledge it to be his duty, to speak openly and fearlessly against social and political evils, destructive of public morals and at war with the interests and happiness of mankind. Iu thus publicly speaking, if be transcends the proprieties of bis place and office, a safe corrective is found in the censure of an enlightened public But that a Priestly Order, invested by the Laity with a mysterious sacer dotal character with prateusions to extraordinary spiritual power bound together by strong ties, and acknowledging as their bead a foreign Potentate that such an Order should enter the field of politics, control our elections, and influence the poli cy of our government, is surely cause for alarm, and should awaken the jealous vigi lance of the American people. It will probably be denied that any such hierarcbial influence is brought to bear in our elections. We should judge with candor, and not condemn without proof. We see tbe American people divided on a momentous issue. Tbe principles of hu man freedom or bondage are brought in direct conflict. Man's inalienable right to life and liberty, is denied. The doctrine is openly asserted, by those why hold the government in tbeir hands, that God created the mass of mankind to be slaves. In the heat of this great struggle, we see the strongest ties severed the ancient politi cal parties of the country broken, and men of every nation and faith divided, save one. The votaries of one church alone arc united in political action. This unity, in the midst of otherwise universal division, is truly most remarkable. From Maine to Texas from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean in every city, town and hamlet unler whatever circumstauces placed, or by whatever influences surrounded, we find the votaries of this church arrayed iu political action on the side of slavery. This can not arise from an intelligent asseut to tbe principles of slavery ; because those principles would reduce niuety-nice out of every hundred of these men to tho . condition of slaves. Whence are we to look for tbe cause of this unity among so maoy hundreds of thousands scattered over so wide a surface 1 We find the votaries of the catholic church, as a class, among the least enlighten ed of our population, and thus- iu a condition to yield a ready obedience, in all things, to an authority which they have been taught to respect as of God's appoint ment The church of their faith, advances high and extraordinary claims. It is the only true Apostolic and Catholic church. It is infallible in doctrine miracles con tinue to be wrought within its holy communion its head is the Vicegerent of God on earth, and successor of the Apostle to whom was entrusted thekejs of heaven. It is a pure hierarchy. Tho laity have little or no power,all authority being concentra ted in tho Priesthood. Again, I ask, whenco this unity in political action among tho votaries of tbe church, when every other denomination of Christians is divided ? In seeking for an answer to 'this inquiry, all men will look to the source where the pow- -er resides. When the votaries of tbe Church of Rome shall exhibit, in our political contests, the like diversity of views and action that is seen among all other classes of our people, then, and not till then, will" tbe public mind be relieved from the suspi cion that heirarcbial influences are mischievously at work in our politics. It is idle to evade the point, by labored efforts in defence of religious freedom and the rights of conscience. No assault upon either. Tbe largest liberty the broad cast toleration, is conceded in matters of religious faith and worship. The ground of complaint lies here that a hierarchy, invested with .peculiar sancity and powers in tbe eyes of the laity, should exert a spiritual influence to control our elections, and give to the policy four Government a direction adverse to the wishes of a majority of the people not within the sphere of such influence. No intelligent man will question tbe fact, that the late Presidential election was controlled by the united Catholic vote. If the adherents of that church had been divided in their votes, as were all the Protestant sects of our country, the present Administration would never have had an existence. Tbe Slave Power, to-day, would not be the master of our government promulgating its abhorrent doctrines through our judicial tribunals undermining the sovereignty of the State, and boldly trampling down the clearest constitutional rights of the citizen. It is also apparent to every intelligent observer, that tho same unity in the Catl olic vote is relied upon as tbe main support of our opponents in the coming State election. With these undeniable facts before u?, can it be said that there is no ground for the strong eonvictiou in the minds of the American people, that hierar chial influences not only interfere in our politics, but actually control our elections T If tbe Protestant sects of our country presented tbe same unanimity inopjxm'nen to tbe pro-slavery Democracy, that the Catholic church doea in its support, our oppo nents would not be slow or measured io their denunciation. Indeed, the chiefs and press of that party assail with gross vituperation such Protestant Christian ministers as openly, in the face of day. denounced from the sacred desk the crimes of Slavery, and in.-itt upon the sanctity of the martial and parental relations. In them, it is a grievous offc to proclaim, in connection with Slaverv.the great essential trnihs of Christianity that Cod is the Creator and Father of all men thai He made of one flesh all the nations of the earth that he is no respecter of persons but holds in equal love all His children ; and that He will require of evyy one the observance of His righieous law : "All things whatsoever ye woold that men should do to you, do ye even so lo them." The alliance between an ancient and powerful church, and the slava interests of America, is the most remarkable, whea we consider the fact thai the early and authoritative teachiugs of that Church are to condemna tion of Slavery. How long this strange alliance is to continue, I kt.ow aot. How long it is to be successful, is for the American people to decide. To your Jlfth iolerrogotary, I answer that I am in frvor of free schools for the education of aU classes t and am opposed to any exclusion of the Bible therefrom. Respectfully yours. - DAMD WILMOT. To Joan BaMszaiiss, Esj., Chairman. &c.