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wmmm EXTRA, LEfllSBlIili, 11., JlNlAKV 3. !. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE To l WmoraW the Srtuttur and MrtnUrM of the ilvw of Jirfftseittaftctg of On CommohweaUh oj J'amrtlrama : CitNTLKMhs: AHUowrh the year just closed hfu been one of great dipres.-iou in the hithi ness ami mouetaiy affairs of the country, 1 hiii happv to tie able to announce to the Represen tatives of the leoph that the finances ot li-un-sylvania are in a moat satisfactory condition. The receipts of the Trearony, from all mr cen, for the lineal year, ending on the day of Novemr, IhoH, were $4,lo.,77rt ;i" ; ami the expenditure, lor nil purposes, during the hiiue lime, were $0,775,807 1N. heaving au -xces of receipts over expenditures of jUKJ,- 1 his exhil.it shows that there was actually in the Tieasury on the first day of lc emlvr, I&'jS, the Hum of $tft(y-l - more than there additiun to this, among the expciidituics for the year, were Loan redeemed, $:;80,:HH So fieli.f. Notes, redeemed, 41,071 luterat Certificates, Ilti 70 Making of the public deht funded and unfunded paid dining tiie year the sum of 4-1,4.-! 55 If we add to this the excess of niotit V on hand, at the end of the li.-cal year, over what re mained in the lieaMirv. at the Kiiue time I Lit year, vi. : ."ij:l. We have the sum of $7S.415 M But tiiis is not all. The amount pi id on the puhiic improvements, unhiding damages and old claims, during the tical year, was $:;41,0:; 58 While the amount uf revenue, fiotu the same source, for the sauie period, was only '.'5,070 00 Making an excess of expenditures over receipts, which h ippdy we will le relieved from in the tu- tme, of S245.W6 5J This sum tdiould, abo, he credited to the op erations of the Trea-ury. duriim the year, tor it was an extraordinary c xjieiidituie, which cannot again wmr ; and was, in tact, a reduc tion ot the liabilities of the L'ouiinojwealth, to that amount. If we add this sum to the amount of deht paid, and th excess of r-fdi on hand, we liHve for the year, a balance in favor ot the re ceipt, over the ordinary expenditure, amount ing in the airtrregate to ? 1,1 :'.!. But fri'tii this, however, should Ik- deducted the extraordinary receipt, which were, 1-t. The amount piid by tins IN im sylvaui.i Hail road t 'oinpany. ou the principal of the debt due hy the said i 'on j pat) for the purchase of ttie Main Lme $100,000 21. '1 lie amount received from the Girard Hank, tr loans of the Coin inonfteaith sold by that hank. 28,000 In all Whieh. d. -ducted from pate of s.i.o:;i.;j ;;'. h of the. ordinary receipts penditures for the ti al The funded and untun S12XJKK) the foregoing at'tf re vives the true balance over the ordinary ex year at $'.i.;ih2 :tti. -led deht of the Com- inoiiwealtti, on the lit d av of leceinber, 1Mo7. wan as follows : Fl XIKD 6 per cent, loan , A wr ti -it I I, tut . ...... 4j per cent loan 4 t cent, loan , To this should he add cent, Coupon Hotels sn rani I'-ank, not Itefore HF.IiT. $ 4 15. ISO 00 3,773.12 52 ....... ),;oo oo 100,000 00 ,d 5 per Id hvtii- reporUd, 28.000 00 Total fuuded debt $:V.i,:'-'A.WZ 52 I NtTNUKll IKUT. Itelief notes outstanding luterest Certitie.iti-s do I'o. do unclaimed. . . . I Vines tic creditors Total unfunded debt $175,145 70 Making the entire debt of the onnuon wealth at the period named i:w,il,..7"H 22. 'J he funded and unfunded deht of the State at the close of the last tiscal year, .December ltt, stood as folloWM : I LNDt.U iEiir. i) per cent, loans S 4 15.1 SO 0 " per cent, loans S.42Mi5 t'7 Ak Mrcent. loans :S 2X 10 4pr ccjU. loans 00,KJ 00 Total funded debt lAKI'MlK.I) DtllT. Relief Xotes out tndin, , Iuterer-t Certilicates,,.. Do. d . unclaimed, . , Ikmjestic Creditors, J54.2S.J t7 . 2:i,;i-7 12 4.44S ;w b02 50 Tot d unfiin.led d.-!t Sl:;:ltH-jS 00 M iking the puhiic ih-ht on the tirst of lK remher U-t l 51:1 07. Siuce the close of the fiscal year, the rotnuii-'ioiHTs of the Sink in? Kund have r- d- eme. of the live ier c-nt. loan, the fiiini of 2lM.l;!2 51, leavim; tiie real deht of the foinmonweiilth, at this time, fuud ed atid unfunded. jvi'.2'iS,l 1 1 li. To meet this bib-s the ordinary sources of public revenue, the State owns bonds received from Die sile of the puhiic works, ami which I have every reison to believe are well seemed, amounting to eleven millions one hundred and eihty-o'ie dollars Deducting tins from the ont-tandimr dett, it laves V le otherwise pro vided for, the sum of twt-uty-eL'ht millions eiirnty seven thousand one bundled ami eleven dollars and sixteen ceiits. It is ! lieved that, with the existing source of revenue, and the observance ot strict econ omy, this hum may be reduced, during the cur rent year, at le.ist one uiiili on of dollars. The present would S"em to be theappropri ite time, win! our nati ui is at jit-ace, auI when health an i reasouahle pr-sp-iiry prevail within our own Urders, to treat I y reduce the pul'lii; debt. We have but to carefully bus! -and our luitiimtte resources, avoiding extravagant and unuecestiary appropi i ttious, and practicim; a projvr economy in all the departments of Gov ernment. t rentier the entire extinguishment of our debt a fixed fact within a very brief p liod. To careiully miard the public treasurv at this interesting epoch in our linancial history, li so manifestly the duty of the public authori ties, that I c in not for one moment (relieve that any other poliey will 1h pn.pftst; 1. If there be any, whi. relying on the improved condition of the finances of the State, would encouiaee the adoption of new s-hemes for d- pleting the Treaetiry, or would cutoff the sources of our pneiit revenue, and thus reduce it, let all such ftt.ir'R.c'iuime from whatever quarter they may, be fternlv rented, let Pennsylvania he just before it he is L'-nerous. Irt our pood example be a lunt in thf iatliway of our sister States, as well as an admonition tw our own local (jov ernuienu. This is due alike to the favors which rrovidence has homitiiullv Iwstowed UKn tis, and to that hi'h character for honesty and integrity which has ever distiupmhed the peo le of tbli good old Coiuiuoowmlth. i.-.-itie, (lov. Pneltor uj; in--. .... , lien the .$141421 00 . 2:!, l7:i h2 . 4.41S as H2 50 In pursuance of the act entitled "An Act for i the Salw of the State Canals," approved on the ! 21tdav of April last, 1 did, ns the Governor of , the t'.imuionwealUi, on the l'.tth day ot May, 15H. convey to the Sunbtuv ami Krie Ihiilroad Company, all the puhiic works belonging to the Commonwealth, tiieu remainim; unsold, con sisting of the Delaware Division the Upper and LowtT Hranch Divisions the Went Ivrancu Divisionand the Sustjuehauna Division of the IVunsylvama Canal, with all the property thereunto U'luning, or in anywise apertain inir, and nil the estate. rixrbt, title and inter est of this "omraon wealth therein, for the sum of three millions tive hundred thousand dollars To secure the (laymentof thissuin.theSunbnry and Ktie Ituhoad Company paid to the State Treasurer its bonds, secured by a mortgage, as directed hr the act. tor the amount ot the pur chase money. 'Ihe com;iauy, also, complied with the provisions of the Act which required it. as additional secuntv, to execute ami deliv er to the State Treasurer a mortgage on the Delawaie Division for one million a mortgage ou the Susquehanna and West Uranch lHvisions for half a million- and a niorttraire on the l'p per and Lower North llranch luvifiona for half a million of dollars The deeds and mortgages were all executed under the immediate super vision of the Attorney General, and were in strict conformity with the requirements of the law. Alter the conveyances were duly executed and delivered, Miesiou of the canals was i:iven to the rail mad company. The act futther provided that the Sunbury and Kiie 1 1.4 il road Company should not re-sell o..- in hi, Midioul the consent ot the Governor ; and that if a re-salt were made for a greater sum, in the aregate. than three and a half millions of dollars, sev enty tive per centum of the excess slmuld be paiil to the Commonwealth, in theNmdsot the purchasers. It was aleo provided that upou re-sale, the mortgages given by the Sunbury ami r.ne Kail road Couqiany to the Common wealth. u inm the Canals, ''should 1 cancelled by the State Treasurer anl surrendered to the company by the Governor, on dexsite made by tiie faid 'com nan v in the oil ice of the State iteaMirer, of an etpiat amount of the bonds uf their grantees, secured hy iu(rtgage of the ca nal or canals sold as aforesaid" with a provi sion that no transfer of securities should be made until the Governor should lie satisfied that the new securities to le given were sutli cicnt to protect the interests it the State ; and that his written approval of the change should I pe tiled in the oil ice of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. Sales were made by the Sunbury and Erie Hail road Company and reported to me, under j the oatu ot the 1 retidcut, ot theUuiurent lines, as follows : The I'pper and Lower North Branch t'anal. to the North lirauch Canal 4'omiwiny, for.. $LCO0,OCO 'I he West Urauch and Susquehan na Invi-ions, to Vet lrainh ami Susiuehauua Canal Company, for 'I he Delaware Division, to the Delaware DiviMon Canal Company, of 1'enusylvania, for 500,000 1,775,000 In all the sum of $;;.S75.000 I'pon investigation and inquiry, having lie come sati-tied that these wiles were made for I fair prices, and upon such terms, and to such ttersons composing the various puichat-mg as sniations, as to insure the payment ot the purchase money, they were severally approved. After the contract for the sale of the Dela ware Division had been entered into, and my consent hail been verbally given, and seventy live thousand dollars of the purchase money had leen actually paid by the purchasers, upou the faith of the contract, and my assent there to, I was informed that a higher price had been ollered, by responsible persous, tor the canal, l'ut iiieh-r the ciicumstances, my opinion was that the offer came too late ; nnd as the Rail road Company considered ilselt bound to con summate the agreement by a delivery of the deed and possession of the propel ty to the tin-t purchaser I could not, in rood faith, withhold my assent. The North Branch Canal Company, suttsequeut to the purchase of that division, sold that portion of the Canal lying betweeu Wijkesbarrc ami Northumberland to the Wy oming Canal Lompaii) ftu iin, oUu o dido hundred and eighty-five thousind dollars. On the Lith ot September, ls58, bonds of the various companies owning the different canals, secured by mortgages, were, in purKitancn of the act. and by my approval, deposited with the State Treaciirer to the amount of two mil lions of dollars ; and the inortpures on the ca nals given by the Sunbury and Krie Kail road Company, were cancelled hy the Mute Treasu rer, and surrendered hy me to the company m accordance with the directions of the law. At the same time a settlement was made between the Commonwealth and the llailroad Company, by which the latter paid to the State Reveiity five per centum of the prmveds of the re-sale over and above the contract price of three and a half millions. 'Jhis amounted to two hun dred and eighty-one thousand two hundred and fifty dollars, and was paid in the following manner, viz : Bonds of the Wyoming Canal Com pany, secured by mortgage on the canal from Wilkeoharre to Nor thuaiberiand, payable in twenty j years with interest at six percent, payable semi-annually $2S1,000 Cash 250 Total .SliM.'JoO These bonds are well secured, and the aeeni int; interest and prim ijwl, when due, will doubt b-ss lie nromntlv riid. From iuloruiation of a reliable character recently communicated to me by the Presi dent of the Sunbury and Krie Hailroad Com pany, it appears that the prospects of an early completion ol that put. lie injniway are verv encourai;ein A larire amount of work hastecu done on the line of the road during the past season, and at this time, very con-sid- rable portions of the road are graded and rapidly approaching completion. It is the opinion ot the President of the company that within two years the work will he entirely finished, so that cars will he running directly from the city of riiihdelphia to the harbor ol Krie. When this groat enterprise shall bo consu- tnated. and the desire of its Iriends finally ac complished, the payment of the three mil lions and a hall ot mortgage bonds, which the Slate has received in exchange for the canals, w ill unuuestionably be well secured whilst the railroad, itself, will prove of incalculable I advantage to our great commercial emporium as well ss to the important, but long neglected ' region through which it passes. Its construc tion will undoubtedly add to the value of the reul estate of the Commonwealth many times its cost, and develops aud bring into use the rich resources of a country which have hitherto remained as they were lavishly strewn hy the hand of nature. 1 have an abiding confidence that the result will abundantly prove the wis dem of the measure, w hich, while it guaran teed the completion of one of the greatest improvements ever projected in the Common wealth, it, at the same time, divorced the State from the unprofitable and demoralizing management of her railroads and canals. Whatever differences of opinion may, at any time, have been entertained in regard to the nronrielv of the details of the legislation au thorizing the sale of the main line, or the branches, it can scarcely be doubted that the public welfare will, in every respect, be vastly promoted by the transfer of the management of the public works from the State to individual owners. The short experience that we have had al ready, proves conclusively that the Common wealth is greatly the gainer, in a financial i ., B uj,UUU lor a calf was with the cow, Le , WiUid luck 'iuu.r oil tLc other swin. an. 1 as 1 , . point of view, and it has been equally demon- strated that the people at large have been as well, if not better, accommodated, by the change. It would, In my judgment, be a public cala mity, if, by the happening of any contingency, the Commonwealth should be constrained to again become the owner, and resume the man agement of any portion of the public improve ments. Ihe power of the General Assembly to pass the Act of the 21st of April, 185, relative to the Bale of the State canals was questioned be fore the Supreme Court of the State, since the transfer of the Canals ; and, after full argu ment, the Constitutionality of the Act was sus tained by the unanimous judgment of the Court. Siuce the sale of the public works, and the settlement of the pihicihd outstanding claims agaiust the State, it is obvious that there is no further necessity for a ltoard of Canal Commis sioners, or a ( anal Dejiartmcut. I, therefore, recommend the abolition of the Board, and that provision be made for the transfer of the re cords to the oil ice of the Auditor General. In view of the foregoing exhibit of our re sources and tinaucial condition, it is apparent ttiat a most interesting era has been reached in the history of the Commonwealth. Kuiievrd tr m the entangling embarrassments of an ex tenive system of internal improvements, the means of the State are now ample tor all le gitimate purposes, and her puhiic debt is gradully but certaiuly disappeai ing. From thee and other muses, govern mental action l.M i"iui really simplified, and the nature of the subjects ot its oeratiou has changed in a degree no less remarkable. The almost entire disposal of the lands which belonged to the State, has already dispensed with one of the Departments created for their care, and will, ultimately, render the other unnecessary, except for preserving the eviden ces of their transfer. The sale of the public works has relieved the Kxeculive branch of the Government of many of its most responsible aud perplexing duties, and in effect, distens-d with one of its most formidable and dillicult departments. In the same proiMurtion, the action of the legislature will, if the representatives of the people be true to the interests rejMised, and sternly refuse to entanirle the public with those numerous projeets and enterprises which are continually seekitig its alliance, be simplified and economized, purified and strengthened' And it is as remarkable as it is propitious, that an era which has thus relieved the State authorities of burthens that consisted, either of mere material interests, or the care of local ad ministration, committing the one to the local sovereignty of the pMiple. and the other to pri vate or associated enterprise, should also pre sent for consideration and promotion intellect ual and moial claims of peculiar importance. It is at this period in our history that the system of puhiic education challenges the at tention of the most unolservant. And 1 shall be much mi-talieu iu the cautious but ateadlast character of the people of IVnunylvauia, it their Representatives do not Uiake it the lu&t object of their solh itude. Ihe annual report of the Superintendent of Common Schools will lay Itefore you the pre sent condition of the Common S hool System, and of its operations during the past year. Your close and scrutinizing attention is invited to the details of that document. Including the city of I'liiludelphia, it will le observed, that there were iu the public schools of the State, during the year which terminat'-d on the first Monday of last June, b-f-Ul pupils ; these were iuntructed timing an average term of a little over tive months, in 11, -hi schools, by Io.S jO teachers, at a total cost of $2.4l7,UJ2 41. Here is a public interest, which, whether we regard its ramifications into every portion td our social fabric, its large cost, the import ant powers over the present whieh it wields, or its lucalrtilable lnuueuce ujmmi the future, un doubtedly tram-cends all others committed to the aire of the secular authorities. Ibis be ing the case, 1 have no hesitation in asserting that the time has arrived when its full import tame should be recognized, and that its due administration should be made the duty of a tullv organized and effective, as well as a sep arate department in the gorcramcnt. Hut the mere care and promotion of our sys tem of Common Schools important aud ex tensive as it obviously is. should not be the soic oi.j.-ot nf Mien a Department. If it is true that the power to puuisn uima includes also the tight to prevent it, by providing tor 'he proper intellectual and moral training of the iK-ople, it would seem to follow that the department charged with the latter moment ous duly, should also be in possession of all lated to shed light upou the object of its actum. Hence the collection, ui raiigemcut. .ud practical deductions from population and industrial statistics; from natural defects, such its deafness ami dumbness, blindness aud luna cy ; trom crime m its various forms ana de velopments ; together with such control over all the literary ami scientific institutions in the Mate, as shall bring their full condition into view, should uleo belong to the same .Depart ment. Therefore, I most respectfully, but earnest ly, urge upon your favorable consideration, at the present propitious moment, the organiza tion of such a Department, in the room of those lor the care of mere matter whose agen cy has leen or soon will Ihj discontinued by the onward and upward progress of the Com monwealth. A suitable Department of Public Instruc tion, w ill not, however, of itself, effect all liiat is neeiled in mis direction, i ne general results ii tne cnmuion ocuooi av.Meiii, airca- , dy cited, show the importance of its nature, ami the magnitude of its operations. If we look, also, into its special statistics, the conclusion will be equally clear that cer tain improvements in its working machinery are equally indispensable. It is needless to attempt to prove the tru ism tbat the properly qualities teacher is the life and success of the school. Lut the facts are startling, that of the 12.828 teachers of ; our puhiic schools, exclusive of those iu Philadelphia, only o,l't$7 are reported as "qualified" for their important trust; while j 5,yH7 are returned as " medium," or such as j aru only tolerated till better can le obtained ; j ,.n,l t)...t nr.. ut. ....! I,.. II...,lh I,. .. ., 1 ... .. . i oilier worus, i iue oo.,oocuinireii anenu- ing the Schools Ollt Of lMlilaticlphia, Ollh j t'l'oui. -jFfni iiesa niiiii one nail ) iuu iiiiuei nroner instruction from inferior teachers: liX,tSl0 are actually in charge of persons i Wholly Utdit for the task. 'I 1 id t r Milti t liu kiiI 1 .. in m f l , 1 not be shutout ; and, though the great and commendable etlorts recently made by tne teachers of Pennsylvania, for their own im provement, are fully recognized, it cau not be concealed that there is a work yet to be done, in this relation, which would seem to be beyond their unaided power to accomplish. When, however, we hmk further iuto the ......... . ... ... ...... . special statistics of this branch of tbe system. the material lor improvement is found to be of the most promMng kind Uf the l-.b-S teachers of our common schools. lO.NWare under thirty years of age, aud 10,040 are natives of Penn sylvania ; and a larger proportion than In mint of the oth r States are ermaneutly devoted to the profession of teaching, lo render these tit for the position to which they aspire un- Jouutedly one of the most useful and honora ble in the world and to raise up a constant supply of well qualified successors, is the work to le done. Various modea of effecting this object have been suggested or tried ; but, alter mature re flection, 1 am led to prefer that Jc vised by the fclavo Mute y.tlUU Lr a -. ,. . , bcr of cattle - . .... uf TOtatOM Act of May 20, 1858, entitled "An Act to pro vide for the due training of teachers for the Common ft-hnols of the State." It places, in relation to the State, the teacher on the baine footing with the members of such of the other learned professions as have been recognized by public authority ; and it is to be regretted that the prostration of business and scarcity of money, that so so n followed the passage of the act, had the effect of checking many lauda ble efforts to put its provihions into operatiou. Under these circumstances, does it not become the duty of the Stite to afford such aid, or at least hold out such inducements as shall enable this measure to be fairly tested t The (tassage of a law guaranteeing the pay ment of a modem te sum to one Teachers' School in each of the districts created by the act of 157, would no doubt cause a sufficient nnmlK-r to establish the etlicieucy aud practica bility of the plan, to be completed in a few years ; the money not to be paid till the schools were in full aud approved operation. It is not probable that this erant would cause any considerable tlraft ou the treasury ; but, even if the whole twelve schools should ulti mately be established, the loon would neithea be out of pro j tort ion to that which has been conceded toother institutions, nor the numUr of gradutaes beyond the wants of the commu . i .t. i nity. I p to the present i . i i ... .'.y itiJ. ..;i i. II i' j v j i j , i ; i co11l-is and academns, and this mainly m the ' hope of obtaining trom them teachers for the j Common schools. Though the benefits of this munili cure have been, iu other repeets, piite ..i ... .l it K;n liir tm ..m. tlul tti u vo weil oltiirt hiiri Iteen to ,,y cuiisi.l.T.a.le exUht ciWtcl. It woul.l theretoie Hpt ar to U time that the aid of the State should ! brought directly to lear in fa vor of the ureut ol-ject so n cintem plated I have thus briefly laid tiefore you the condi tion of our nohte educational system. It will altord me sincere phaMire to concur iu the adoption of these, or any other measures, for its perfection, that the wisdom of the legisla ture may devise. Iu this country, the want of a school which shall combine iliJ elements of learninc and a- ricultural labor, and thus adapt itself to the education ot the tarmer. Las been most serious ly felt : for, whibt our ui;uy colleges well till llie measure of usefulness iu their appropriate sphere of influence, it must be conceded that the trainitig they impart is badly adapted to the art ot practical ugrietilture. In ! ennsv vaoia tbat inter.! k no imi.rlHt.t a to .lentaa.) at all tiiu.H ..r auxiuiu alt, i.tion, ami a. tive """'"7 f "' ". ' ' B.i..it. -Ihe KariiM-.' lli-h S.-U.-.I f IVim-! .u 'U-lly Bt, a ',ll;h, l'"'"''- !' .ylvaiiia." lately .r..j.-cte.l ami ,.lanne. hy a ! crdj "'"'eir Hale KlmuM he a,.j,l.r.l to the few puhiic iirin.i indivMuals, ai,1 which U Ilue.,t uf the .r-eiit Mate Jehl. now ov.T r. c ive.1. to .l.,e extent, the a.tot.ace of the , '!"e- '"""! more '"" seventeen m,l State.an.l the eontrihutions of a numWr of , '""' of , L mh r thm Sy en. the Mate ourt.atiiotic eitiz us, u U.-tinl to alh.nl a "'l'"' ''' ' ) for.-isiner.. nl!..;h. revo.n.'n,en..1:.vle,I1Kate.iatanla,"l t,"; lil'lnent.s of to .xjH'nse -ommeusurate with their means, ami to a condition ipialitving them for the purMiit of the buines-i of ihelaun. Here. whilt daily (Kcupatioti will train tit body to the ability to labor, and give to the student the enviable feel ing that he contributes to his own Mipoit ami education, it will instruct and enlaige his mind, tbat it may give f.-rce and effect to all his future efforts. 'Hie deii:nof the institution in tonlfonl a school where hoys mav Ih thoroughly ei blea ted in all the branches of natural science, and, at the same time, Ih- inured tothe perloriuance of labor; so that at their graduation they may return to their parents abundantly prepared to join tl.e d.,mctic irc-lf, to give L riglrt .line tioh to the biiaiias of agriculture, and act well their jiart in every department ot life. An object so fraught with usefulness is enti tled to the highest coiumeiidatiou. 'J he application of . ientitie print iple to the practical pui poses of Jile, is hut reali.in the lull benetit ot those laws of nature, to di.tcover and to profit by which is undoubtedly one of the great ends of human reason. 'Ihe mure this important object is Ml in view and af fected by our higher institutions of learniuir, the more valuable and useful will they liecotue The Polytechnic College of l'eiinrylvania at fhlladelpllia, IS founded ou this bai , anil its attempt to popularize science, and con net t high acquirement with practical ability, is presented to ynui favorable consideration. Luder a resolution ol the last House ol Uep ; r -,.,-.. -y .u SiK'aker of the House to examine the state and i-.- f . n- i i . i i cooditionofseVeralKiuKscharteredat thesessiou f i . i . i.i ... of lNji..lheresidutioudirectedthecoimnitUeto . 4l . u , -. - report to the Oovernor the result of its exaini - .,, ... . ... , ... ,- Il.tLK'U vtiiiini unit o 'Wjn am I llie UOJOlllll ment of the Legislature. tn the "JOth id Julv last, the report tt the committee, together with the accompanying evidence, w tn hlnl in the ollice tf the S crelary td' the 4'omniouwealth, a copy of which will Lie laid betore the House uf i:.'r.s, . (.v 111 VleW i if 11.' ..rt -d hy tb t 'tnnittep, in re- feretlfe . tiie Tht and ttie fti ful in.i'iirv r.ti.t iti i and : t ui nnt;eitit'i(!. illUIV Kltm, Ihf (LlWU'ld t.'l.IttV il h:itii-in. 1 w.i'i.d re, ..inuieiid a rare i the I.i.-. ul .'i''i.UIl-U ol tue-e m.-lih.ll.-ll und il it h:i:l b- ne.i (!. .it t..- p.il-.i'. ; ij lik.-y I I'irtiier eM-plne of either, Iv iiiiv In found in n h--M-i.it:v nuff-r iii'ury Irotu it. siHvdv nnd r-rt mi r !! id' the ri-l.l - i.nd pr ire- L-raiaed by the ml. .el. r, M-voke. or iilnitd. rporaii n. Ihe the Inner of il h.iiik h- never it- e- lit id U.ltn e m.iv. in Ihe t.j,:n .tl ol the 1 . .-l .P. re. he 11,(1. n i ij- tn tl e I II eiw ol the t oiuiti'iiiwi n.lli epn':-) j.n en hy the I on-ti-tlltiotl t ill t.ener.i: As'-t:.i . to he ,-vrft-i d. boW-Ver. in ii h m.iai.i T as llml no nijti. lice h.ili be duLe lo llik coriNir.itor Obe,lieitre to thin nutitutiitial injunction ulil re quire th.tt in the event id h repeal id the charter of a Kink. r.tre -htiild he t.nki O tlint th rights of the jitx-k-bolilern ti the sui plu a-et of the h.mk. niter p.-tyin-ht ol" in debt-, wen- pr lecl.il: and tli:l uitahie provi diniet sbo'.ld U- made lor settling it?- .tttairs. - Tli iiijiiii. tieti ,-'.nuuied in the t'oii-hluhon. that tbe ' repeal or revocation i I ;i h.n k li.irt'T r-ti-ii he in !-u- h m uiticr an to w. rk in itu'i-nce to the ei-rpenilorn. i not a .inuiiti atum o' the power to revo-e, or ..untii tin- Ii ir- ter ; out il 1 -imply a the ch irter. the ruhtft reniei t Hi il in t.iki. g jy the Mm kh.ildeis r bull he pro. ; UvU , f;ir t.lira.,,., wtU, the a. t-d rep,..4i tt-.f. i ao notd t tint tin- i.-p je.unre urtv alter, revoite.or ; untiUi. any rx mhi hmk ni.itt-T, whenever ai tropin. . ion Vf eoii i'iiwuce ol ti.e 1'bart t may be injuri -u.- to . t!ie ci izeus -d the f.iHHiio.iWe.t.lli- Any oth-r nn.ntrin-- ti'tii of the pi-n-t tut ml reservoi n w.nt'd nuke tue ju- lere-ts and s i ih pub lie ub- rvi-iit to tn e.xia el tie- pi iT;tte : t .m -kuoider. U. U. -viiii!. tl.r.f re. that there js u w.mt mi: iiiv de i ifd ,.i ba. H insolvent, or in j;re it d:ui;er of h.-vuuntur so. or ; whenever n privltt tfm are u-e4 or al-ued a- to s-en ! public 1 reastirv 111 time of peace. oo-ty iKrj.idi.-e tin-interest-of Hie (iuMie. it is the duiy j j refeiring the attention of the Lixislature of the law ni:iWui iKiwer to protect the iH-ople, by d. s- 1 , . . . . . ... , , , t.iMintr itxcori-.nte evi i.n.e. j to the elaborate report of the AuditorGetieral In this conne. ti,.n 1 rieein it my duty to reitemte the ! aud SUte Treasurer, relating to the finances ot Views etpre-.ca in my inaugural" adme - I tb. ii fcUtcd, ! the State, which will be laid before you, I can as my deeded ..pinion, that there should be .,o lurther I1()t wjrAn froni giving expression to my views ilu ri-MSf o h.tn or banhini: capn il nii-a-r the pre.-eul iL . . ,l J , pr.. -ed a d M.hd lu! iv t ihe issue ..f I on he "npor tance id a chaime in the mode of ii'.t.-s ot a gin ill oei)Mnu!i.ui..ii ind rccntu mended -m h a , keepiiiir and disbursing the public moneys. : ...lUi-e uu our l.i w-d relative t-' baukj, their ort uiiz-itiou , ri he State Ire.isurer receives and disburses and maii.iueiiietit, would ut luid seeure beyond all : e-ti.-n t- - pi ompt re.h u.pi ion of all hil or uete-i ,it m ircnU'i-.n by tue several banking UistUulloQd ol tiie inmouw- a tb ! ;.' "T V. i tieuerai aetnhiy tnat 1 cannot Kive the Kxeeum-e ;.e pmval to a ay lolU eharteunt; ndilitiittial htnk-t with ul raiheal ciianye n the entiie syslelit. lt t hot jn-t Hate th it in my optuuin a hire uiiority ol the banks if the (unuitiiiwc.ilth are di..i)d Sid", ly man ied, aud it) a rf.ftly !iiUt)d "tidili -n . hut tin- l due to Ihe bol.esty and intcl!ieeii'-e o ittoe h t in? iharire ol lle-m. rattier th.ui lo the tlllcieiicy ol the lt. l uder llie man ii;e liir-nt of i!ir.ti..Ve nr di-h u.est men, ext-enence has shwn, licit l.e i i - realty hut little il any i-e-iinty to t-ie Kuhhc in Hie r.- l Ahoi!- .itid re-triclK'iiP now he loiin I in our hauhiiu o le. True wuduiu dictates a reloiuia Uon. i Tiie r rnoiJ- i s which bavo f.tllen lip' n tl: people duriiiK tiie ui:. mi . pre-.-iireof tin a-tehleen monti.s, ; sutk'ft ti;' n- .-i .f ireveniiM llieir rei'iirtenee Aithoticli iqi' y hi i"1 nny have cut lulled to pro luce tbe dtsnver- ii i- l.i plain to Mlni:t of donht th it our btnkiiij,' - -t ... ii.- hi'.'uoiit of tuo ni'-st proinuieiii. Ihe value o tl.. JT cih liieti.H tlte price- ul properly and th wai.---i of l-i hi tr am always ailei t.d by tbe abniid.itice or ireiy of tbe vv,r liidiuui received as a suh-t;! ut-- l .' 1 1 and fii vci cum The power . f the MaP- P a. '.i." ;uht nTreiu'v. thfoiiL'h the iir'licy iH bank-. I j- i- :i .-" I -o' cxetv;-. d, ,uid a- kiiowl. ded, throuylci .1 Hi i i i-'ii. tb it .1 M ia longer an fN-ti ipie-i-Uon. ll'.t i t '' ac-nowt. del n.t Uu. power has b-vn Kie.lv ..... :. Tl.e dele: a ti 41 of this attribute of aovereignty to -i n :tnber of n ri-s .H.:lle corjorati"as, without pro;i-r ' e-'ts to limit a- exen i-e. and wiinmr pruvidiUK anv 'n uritv wtiaU-ver lor the te h-ui;ii u of ihe issu tbii.- wiiiiio-izcj. b m been attended w;tu vil ol tbe m Mt alai tu n charu- ter. Tlnse curpr.lbLi are ' Harrtsburfr. the if l;rn Henuyivaoln lliwpiial. at I'dls (iracUCally UUl..e tiie exclusive judge 1 1 1. t f 1 tuf j biti, the UoU-iCa ut Kluv, it t'ailaUeljLta atlii tiUi- .t ; ; 7,. ; by civini? them tLree vccUs " lllmm J!g'c', 1S-1 Ver dnv. Wl!h Imv. nnJ nn I OIIUOU tamcrOD, ISO! paprr currency to b fumibel to the people, and have tlto exclusive jnw?r Ui cotHrai'l w -x(dJ tiiir t'lrcula tin at 'esure rVitosiU-rR and oUier ordinary credi tor f bank-. nM no Ifiri Utt'wt tr their jin.ltw.a Every ne lw tia omet d-tliiiK w.ih tlte turn au tlrii. ntlier tut tlpnril'rr or iSrn", entfrn iut am b HiffNKi'ownbt vomutttnly, fr hi ni advantage, and may be nafely lft t liw own villain-, and th rlm ry remedies of the law. (or h prote nn. b it the mil iums of people enifaje1 in ill' luminous p'ir-iilt-, the farmer the tn"ctiauV the tint hint t.U Um lutHirieg tuan are uiidr an iiutrioiia iiecefetty to reiv tor th-ir mere hand ue and uVir labor, ti.t- ordinary pumr currency ot the country. It i impo'i-ilile lor per-Hon of Mil dew-niaiou to uiv tmt iltfl eonceriM of every m tltiilHJO whbne DM'- are in nreuUtiiu. Hal no mveatl futloti could ave tti'-tu rrm the hk-.ex riuiK from the dt'fjtultaaiidtrBiidaof bauk olhccm and Um uuolveicy of hank borrowers. Tlte note bolIers of bank lure peculiar claims to the pnte-ti"U ot tin) rover i.mfia. Tt'-y r invliuury crelilorH. who are tarred to reeeive ihe riiaes authuriied by tlH i?uf r iiri. tit. They have v direel tlenlaiKM with ttie bunk.t. They l not trM th" battk In-oi any boj-e of gain. They liave unpnilit ii. ut.i-liif; Ihe imlis which ttiey woul'1 not hav- b-i'l in pM-i-mi; pU and silver coin. They con.-titute alunmt the en ire cotiiriumit y, and the bumhleaud tlior.u.t are alW4n the jtr atHntir-rers when a hiiiik IhiIs to reJeem IU Doles. The puupie are thrrel'oredeeoly interest- d in the security of the tire u la, tK'D allowed by law, althoiift h nur.y or Uieiu Bnay never hive lia i a sU.O-e of tjiumL m k,or ! en wuli.Ui hunilr-! miles of lb p!ur l bitfin.'- Th Oovemmetit lhat authorize the i-nue of a jrajurr rurrent y launder a hik'h moral ob)iti" to rtiiri ample and avaaLle Bttunty lor tU rvdeuit'tixii. I he certitb.'ales of loan issued by the General i Government, or by this Commonwealth, at t value to be fixed upon, with the power to re- unire additional deissits of se uiitv. fnm time 1 . , , , 'tt , would b as safe and available as any guaranty whiih could Ite provided. A law requiring all issius of tanks lierealter I ' ' - ' ! '. """''J -nlmiice the valur ,.( the yrut loans, and thus ivethe holders a premium mt contemplaU-d when they beCiiuu- urclMSeis, and tor which tie y uever cave ai.y valuable consideration. 'J his en bant ed value would be derived from a privilege granted by the Mate, and the Mate ouht, then-fore, to have the lietietit of it, hs far as this may le secured hy legislation. The recent amendment of the Constitution circumttcribcs the power of the Legislature in cn atiite; Sl;tte debts, with an ex- j P" .r f the deht. contiacte.1 "to re- deem tiie present outstanding indebtedness of the State." A law authorizing new SUte loans for the purpose of redeeming the present over due debt, would be within the coin-titutioual exception, and would lie free liom objection ou constitutional grounds. The new loans thus authorized, ledeemahle "e :'"""" ' "' .' ". pay interest, would then-tore eeasi As the currency would be limited to the amount actually seemed, the danger from ex pulsions, which have heretofore r-timulated the. incautious toembirk in ruinous enterprise-, in ovei trading, and in extravagance in tiieir ei petiditurer., would be greatly beued, if not entirely overcome. As the securities would he in the hands of a liiuh and r-siMtisihle? officer of the Stale, with authority to sell them for ( the purpose ot redeeming the tin illation, the Iwer of the banks to arrest specie payments at their own pleasure wonhJ be at an en.l. the ,-vstem propoM-il e as near an approach to a M""" l" "" ' "'l".,,s, of ieopte are at present prepared br. 'J he duty ! of securing the community irotu losses tontinti ; ally arising from lup-ale Vnrr t.cy. tanimt be j louger tb'layed without a iimnifei 4lirieuard uf ! the public interests. lhesui j t is theretoie Commended to your early attention 'ihe report of the 0miiii-i-ujirs appointed to contract for aud super intend the ertetion of i a monument to the nil mo;y of eitien-, of iVnn i sylvauia, who were slain or I "ft their lives iu J tiie late war with Mexico, will inform the b . tfis'ature of the proceedings h.id uu that sule ; ject. Alter receiving propos.ils tor the reetiou of the tiioniiiiit ut, and tbe adoption of a plan. ! it was determined, in view of the limited and , inadequate appropriation made lor the m com ; plishmeut ot the purpose, by the la.-t Lei: is I a j ture, to h fst pone the comment tnei.t ot the ; woik until further legislation c.ul 1 be bad. It . lhe (!illi(in ,lf tll rnn.mii..i.er that such , 1 ... . . . .. . i a monument as would do credit to the State, . , , . ,- , , , and honor to the living and tbe dead, cannot , , . ... , , , lie built tor a less sum than tlitity tbonsainl ! ... , - , . , , ,J i dollars. It the Leuislature should eoiicttr iu that opinion, the appropriation should be in creased accordingly. The report ol the State Librarian will inform you of the progress made in tbe catalogue au thorized by tiie l.ist L-;:ilatuie, ai d ttie gen eral condition of the Library, which has ltowu to beau iustimtitHi that deserves your losterin cure. 1 would commend Ui our attefjtiuu tne suggestions of the Ldtr.iri.m. 'lhere-rt of the Attorney tierieral, which will bt laid It-tore you, will exhibit the opera tions of the Law Ih-parlnieiit of the ti veru ment lor the pa.-t year. Ihe Act of the l!lst of April. 1-YT. which requires tiie Attortiev Gen etal to ki ep an dip e at Ibirrl-buri:. and which provides that all d.-Ms due to tiie Common wealth shall be colleeted by that nicer, has proved to be a litLhiy bt iielii. ial enactment. I'nder its provisions 1 ngesums ire saved which were formerly paid tor commissions and coun sel fees And the improved stale of our finances is in no inconsideiahle tlegteee owing to the prompt manner in which outstanding claims are collected and paid into the State Treasurv The Adjutant G m-nd s report, which will he laid betore vo-.i. will show in detail the pre- sent condition ot the Military Ih p irtment. 1 .,.., I.I r.......i(n11.- .ll th &tr..ti,. tU. . ... ' . . . , i-msiitiuiu iu 1 11 v lecuuiuieiiijuiiuiin vi tuai otheer. Ihe Militia Liw of lS.'S has not been fully t-s:ed. but it is believed to he.Jn the main, au improvement on the laws in torce at the time of its passage. One of its best feature!, and one that shouM lie. st:i ttv enforn d isth.it the 8""MI in jirtitiiiiiii ie n iiumc ujiuu nio i,.,,r . i ,.. :m; ..... ..f .1 II -n finally ; aud it not uuficqtientiy hapten that there is a bal.ttieo in the Trexisut v elceeilitiiT ,UII"" MI me oonu 01 me irra- . suter h hut tor eighty thousand dollar. Ho 1 depoMts the money of the State wherever hi i pleases, nnd it i paid exclusively on hi own , diet k. '1 he moiitnlv settlements with the An- ditr General at lord some security that the ; funds of tiie Commonwealth will not le mis j applied , hut it is entirely ina lcijuite to tbe Complete protection of the puhiic interots. toiil the 1'mted Slate -ball adoi t a dulerent y-u-m fr the nle, tion. s.Ue-keepiim and .ii'huriwiiinl .a b -r rtvenu4s. the money on hind mu-t t ket-t either in t e Tremury vau'l or d'-poMit-d witli to- halikai !ii-UltiP int m the Mate, tor many years the ' . r mode ha- b. ud"plil. 1 res(Nectluily recomniend thai pnnu-i made hy law tn.it tm tuoiiev li.i.i he d--p" ted w ni v bank by the Ut- Tre.ifurer wah-'tit rei-utmif e-urit to le lirsl Kiv.-n to tbe t'i-tniii..tiwea:tli lor the rt tMiij. m uf the aiilil.-i dep,isitel tliat all cbeckit iff lied by "the MiUe Trea-urer 'bah be cnunier-nrned hy the Auditor ill in ial heiore Un-y are u-eu an.i that daily account-' of the iiioueys received atid paid shall he kept hi the oflite of the Auditof Oei:ral act Will ad at the Treasury Ie partit eut. The I'oinmir'.aiotiM iippoliite-1 to revUe the f'nrainil toue uf tins i o!tiui"nwMiiU. wre prure-su.j; with t'e d'tue.4 of tiietr apiMtmtnient. and win r- port Ibo rcvi.ed CiMe o. Io-e the ai:j tariimeijl f t:ie l- cih .iI .re. The various .'hii-d ibie a-d re orm tlory m-tittion. Which have lierftnli.rc rece'Ve.1 pecuniary iS.Hl-fU-e from ihe Mif. nitch a th Mat-' l.ai.tttc' Ho t.:ul. at 1SG" car'y- '"l0 burr, tbe Pon"y.Tnia Trlntn? Rrhnol ft Wi-aewid feeble m naed children, th" A-yiunn t th Blind matt lmfmml litnh, t pbiUl.-l(.fe!, the Nonbero Horn fur Ffiwi'Mwi btldrt-o. kt Fui a-)tij.tm I n on, trend to our fw-teribsr td AltU c-tr. Tlieiuiuua! rep-.rL- etibit ing a detail or tbe . rat ton h of tt.-- noble t,l u riieut buntiM, during tiie nt ytr. will be latl before you. ! riDH)t BtaiM.d a.n.('riati"u t' rhanlahle A-cutf-M of a purely lijcal rtiaraarr. bowever fraL- Worthy tiie ol-iern and nrnnve if their fo'ifadeni aul Kip"rterM. or buwevcr itoclui ibey ay be to tbeir pr Uculiir bca!itih. Ihe ptexnl i .militiotl fifths reresnea of the General Government detrmixtratei tli urjfent oee-xity of in creased duti uhu for:fii tuiMrtati"nii. The ot leiine Iraina Lave ef r Ukeu a liTely iutert id ltt pruptr a'lji-tmeit of a tanfl and thej have with BiiitfU lar unanimity, at all timm. fatorl much an atnn-nl of d titie. a- would Dot ottly prinluee revDue . but fur nib the lartfeft incidental prote tioa to tbe cr at miner al, njanulat turn and indii.-trul iniarw-Ui of tb tountry. Iliad their von w Lttbrto fn-n nmn potential id tt emineii.-, of U.e naltoo. M ih no lonifer prob!n aUeal that ma' Ii uf tbe fc-ciiJiary lt-trss Ul ly eii riiM-t by all claque iilid conditK'ntf r.f buj-inei- tie-n tinM b.re w been a; r -bt f-nt avt-ru-d. The be-w-itie-1 of tl.e ftoTTrmnt ai-d ti - ; ' (e. now a.iked-iiiai.d atliane mo intr- f d i ui.d 1 take jrre.u t..-niure niftnl"titihg th vicw ol tiie President ol tbe I'lett-d Mat j eifeiio4 in (iH but annual ntes-ae, r-talive to the rhiitv pro. po-d. Hi-i advra j of neei(it- ilt.ti-- n aU -ccn.mo-ditiefi which are ieiit:ra:lyvnld by wn;ht.nr -y iiiea.-nrw. and Wt.n b Tioni tbvir rutt .rer ef njuai or f nearly et;al vane iiut'b as Iron, of 4ift-riit elusm-r. raw fuj;ar. and ton-io wirte and ttiirib." hu m-l with a b irtv r iioiiiw !rom the tr-al Ixxly of lb L"ile i.f thwt St.ite j It w to be hofd lii.t hn views ou tlM que-tin w M be l :avrahiy r-r-'-i hy Coi-rt-Mn. ai-d ttat tbe action of j the te era I v't.rt'i(ieut nmy correpp"iid with the augoa- j ti'.ns ot the rrc-.-i'i-i t. ! Wh'-lilwas called uooto aciime tbe (interna tonal I rh.iir. nrly i-if y-ur hl'o. iu dt-ferenteto jmlii.c opinion mid my own ft-ehnz-. alter a rapid r'n w ot eet.ls ia i kti-..ii ;i -utni tli.t "in ih fn-'p'e of ! nn- ivi.ia lb 1 Ndiin-oi'iii ot ;i ut- State Ii U tlif t. M -It ii.l' that ow ! te-U rtw whit'h t.e is rotniher n.a-l Ire ut all tune a -ul'jt-et '( liih n.t ret Aod 1 beiive I exttre Ui-ir j sehlilil-l:t. a- Wrii a-- my own. to rK-ebritu tl:.it tb ') iiiUi.l elt .'t ra cf a'lenit-.ry nln-tn.l lie a lull ax.d l.i;r (p)Ki tui.a to pirtii lp tte hi teieelliy ueiete Ut for in con(,tittri'.n pr-r.itry to aumn-i' n a a Mare, , ii-l, if ilt--i(V i by Iln in. ih-y iiouia i-o b ahoweil au f u-i'u.tl t..-d nlit t vuii uf-a s.cu tou.-ututi'u alter it i laroe-i. itneii'ieTit events have confirmed me in liies fenu-ment-t I In depinraine ' i-pi.te?. in tne fit :ty "f the prt-aent tonnpit. the ! teitfiit r jang Jo-Hi tli-t-e tii-p1 le- I'.. t(,. r with o h-r (.ro (.'e..;iii:s in tbt-ir niinre nvei itil ai;irui.fir. w ! J iill ii.tie 'teu avert'-ii. U i t-ieiN.j ! t,-n -e:nrd :n " tltv 'ii qilib-a tlbl'' tooi up .ii tie-ir d. tne-ii.: iii-tilut,. !:-. 1 ro gret to he ro. Tip l.ed to -i.ty lh;it, Ln'I'T vir.on prv t nee-t. tuw a rt-t tririchi-e 'eeu v rt'ia:.y w:tbh-ll from them. Wncn thev r.-l'el to arrept tl Jtctii tf.n ton-t 'Uton. uu'le lor them l-v de.cy.iU-s repiem-nt- l iiif Ibe iiiiiiori y, th.-y w r-- eX.;.--itiy ih-u.ed thf pnvi iWe o( nrikiiifc t .e.r own .n-UH'tr n Mil- - iip"ti acw I diLoti b"t prv 1 uly ex k ?e 1 Ii tl -y .u-i . i t. d tl.e j C biptoi Loii-ntntl til. tht'V elit'Te"! Ihf M-H-rhoo-l of S'aler at on. e. wittia "p;e.iti"U it tb;m oi.-h lf of ' the exi-'ini: ratio of 'ori;re-'jioij t rt-j.r "; t;iti n : but. if 1 tie V relied t!i:it Coii-l.iuti- Ii. th-V i ' ' i ; 1 1 iut l mil j ted into ih. 1 14 .n. Willi the I outitiUn of thir -hi.t .;, I unfl ibey wre i. i-ly l -i,cw. hy a hTrnai hi-u-. t t lii-y t.ili'iaiii-'.U p ( u ..ml ii t.jual Vj Uiat rno. I in -i rei.U have tK-eome lit-p-nml. j Tij' la-t exiri-"ivc vnieoY t:i penp!e of K-tn-a a -vo t the art -t ( "iii:r it-. ini;iiitr.lv Ll'oW u a- the r.i.'i-ii Hill, J In lor a time arri-st.-1 t'ouun MMiiai ;i,trvcrjti. n i leire Ut$ re-u!h-d n- ae faun t'evotol tb'tf.pe, ! net fl t 1 the fU-'tfe.-te h- o I U'-I'e il.fiu-t e. But. ' U ! nr.? the ;i:.-r Leia- wh . h f n r i.ir r-'i-t li.it j ;m u ed. t;.e In- "r In- b . i. -t .rt.-d i, -i u;u, ' :L.t t i I hen-, f. rwrtrd ! V.-.r -iuty ol C L.n- P- pn-t- t -lav. r ITi lilC trrr.l -. d ttie peip. it tr.et'irt- t-r..- -h tl hi.. Ih.- w.irt-.nt Lt tin.- extru r. ;.li..r it-iillii Ii Ii 1 lil- i;..! 'i.e:-t iu ihe .!. x- n,, of tlie-uiT-fi.tr ( -..rtol' Mi- I n 'e-l Mtit-j. in t!,i'a. of 1 I'r.-d rs-otl. riiUr juin.if. a? 1 ito pijUmu- rt t p-tcw j I1 r tb.' dtrei i-.u- . tl.-1 iiiuu-t i'r :n t!. .i-d -t.i. i; i ; f.tdy to oi y tl.ein. Wie-ie ' f th-V are eitmi ; . U- j. I liiVi')vll,kc.Mt.,i.- a dt r-J -u- h tiiti-tri- t. Ut'MU le f.urly itivea totl.fir rt t "u in the I'l-o ren-rrert to. i S'lili do ti ;ne L. tn .fer hw n.eij i. I. i-r Ui c-rted. llie ery pi.i-.r of iur i"L-e.inii. n.il lat-r;.'. iu, .1 f. ty ti-rr.t rv to ie.tte fm,f ty iu It UOU.. , t "11 1" jLd e-tat li-h a iJiVe fiKi" if- e,.rly n.m.i ip. reji rt the " r ii. t ia t:. ; t on-. t W-U i ' re cr:a)i.;atioU au i C ' trv with -t i A:.'' ii. Ii-iwu. t i- v 6 I the w hole iv. ,c,.t ! ei.ru r a -e. t iMlVKiihiffe to tje North, vt i wteLt.Uj a?iL..e riUl of ; tlte South. I Reirriine mvelt a fuj'y ennm tt.vl tn tb- dortnne of j PP'i:.ir si.wreviuy .u it- '-''wj-t 5 i , I . in riever i ijh-.-rihe In lneh...rv i. h.H ltmumI 'nterveMii-li, a- iin..ets.--l ai.d upf.rt- ! l- i:.e o, o..rii!- : tlii-t ;.JT'rii!tS. Ity !-' I .r veiei ty I iii .u. i.o v:. 1-i-n of tn,- rV'StS Ol II.,. I.vU- I.o a. rf-i.t Lp.-Il tl e h -tilU- ti.-i.-' f ll.eS'uih r.o ;o-;-.-.ii to -.-.;,..i.e pn i d ttie c !tf .r . ! n .aril He- .J-n t; me h- tr t Dj ti. wi.meul ' ,.f t..- jr -i '-i .: w:'1 i. dti'l i.-f r l-r,-. h- th- r..n- rvriJt- r "I ihe rubis ;to.I tKe n,ui,i y ot -l.iie- -i p,. ...- ttid a- t;.e iv hy ti;. h u TPle! 1 .lali- n-rt uttua w..i he taUitj.'loiily aad ier p-tu.i ; 'ett.'-.l " : A t!irirv vrn ed in n t'e r M t v run)-r.t Ir.iliell -v III" I t.;' i!:vi'l-'.! it tn t - ' -t-i'. I e (l t;, tve M.if-.. - :t ara ..,:nJ).t end-t'i e," H;i.' -IhY" When eoiif :it tit-n wi.l i. i.iy po..ot. -I ity ol llie Ia'.)Io li.MM ret-ulie tr in j that ad tn i t In-";iie 1 1 ,f, i-r al I i .-,.. had-- tr:i:" fh.ni he -..'.r '. raw- t.-n I . it. J-M.,1.. oM ; Hare rM.ht d nrej.ard. d j-nu t! e d.-.t-...-.t. U ,i .1 niiet ;tti ti ; every it.er o: In-trubtry. and th.- - I.l'-o-: t..ii;ht r:tlitol . the p, ojne ar.a llie r Ult pi -i .f ri.ni- i:t. I I 'inter the VTI'MH fWel..;tu. Ut; to I.'l I ' I'entnylv ii :a tiie il.!t'. tn e ol the Kwi. istituton of . jjreiiliy reduce! hy tiie tr.i:i'r o! p ti .t... p..;n u .overn-ir t-. th-- p.t i.. Uit, i m ;M. i,r.ia, ce w Ih ilq , nn tpl..,1 -e;t p v.Tnnki t. I tit t nai-l he m, ko. w- Icl'ed that n reiK !h- fit-'t ..I. Ve !ri-ul tli.lb -. riuUJ i r---p' ! it,, ii ha.- 'liliiiiii-h. 1 liM ahu.tw to n:i.t..D ; Ihe rt le- ol the State aaiii-t f.d.rai w-.Lef i elicri. UTiiei.t-. al d ha.- ti.ti.wna J.I...PT ph-reof T9 ' vp-.n-iLi, ty upon the (--i-pi.. the exl ti.-i irot id l!.e (, ,i. ra f.-- 1 1 tn--i t. and v.it? lare u:,kr:KS pai l to i-lii.-.T- tn i o;n;ian-'n wuli tr .--e ol th elm.', present ;eii-t4tii in.ai. - i;.. i.t- p our it -ti-. i h-iiiv; ih j ale in in.- p-n--i.ii . i more Put .1 v.- eiupioa niei.t- unuef i the l ull, d .-tit.--. It Ihereh re. the n.o; Herniary lua' l ie Ktiple hoUid I'iJ .L .-i Vo.l.i.t The -I ita w:l!i incr.- i-!iie .,t. h ,m--. , tie n-n 11, i!li it of th : I it. led M.,t couta ii- tl.e treat I'M daU.ei.L.) prim ip( i wii. li -1-.I.I I c.,v.-rn a.- CL-tr j, :i-.u eerv ul-j-l. n , r- -; ei titij; the extu ,.r in.-it-d raip- wT. ihcp.-wer . I. I .,.!-! h. Ihe Int.d M'e- h the f ti-li.ul m0, : in.r i -t-ihii a.-1 by -t lo the -.ui . are re-. rv. d t . ibo j t a. - re--'ci veiy. i-r h ihe pe-.p;e." It t:n- broad ; p.a" t'ti. tli it ev. ry i laan ef Ichral m.T :.. t w ai.te.1 i I )' til U-tll'.t -'I! -I.e.. . Lectern r.M-Ud. IheU-n- : de, , y ti c, taa I .t.ell i- mi real. and Ihe over-tad-w- ill.j iidlui'li. e. ul --w.r Old ati -L e r-. dt:i live. xi l:tei i catnio W-Wf. he p. w th.-nt ti., v-o L-e of i le- p v. nuance m en:, r u.i,a .-t' t.oti trin t.-.n ol tl. fe.hr. 1 cm. met. ihe d.H tfin oi t tie rfl.t-. i - ihe doc trine id true hh, rty. pillar M.v.-re:i''y i- Uie h: h k..i K,i ,r free tn-t:t:itioi. i.nd the jm- mm of .sir -afity. 1-vciy i-atn.'lic iii'Pn etnei I to u-tain tb-v :n-f prm' i.d-- houlii ne teirie ly held out iu our cu.-U-. and every liliautllouz d MrutuptMtl ol er -h.-ilid e re-i-le-1 with uuciii. lu euery, and by a.l CtLatitU ii.'Ual means. H tvinff now difi liarL'ed the liTtty itnpo.se.1 op the Fl ifii ive hy the contit'dion. I cai tn't cimrlm. w thcut .'onralulatitit: ymi iip.n tbe n-c.i,iariy lavirabteau jpiee under wleci ym. enter pn ibe iimiea of tbe i !iou of ISot. Kew itup.irirtnt suhjet t- ot i-ki-.1 ti-n t reis f ui. ii your tt rticn 1'ru fence, fi: mne-. hdeiity a I waUhful regard for the inten rt- of the Comn:OiiweHilh a tea on.- uuardt itiiih p rtf her 611:1111 c ou UV ort ol ib I it'.vernnieiii are ad ll-at are r ifuired. under Fnnieucw, t toenurettiecontiiiunceaiid ,ncre.t-eol enr onward prm per ly feni.'.y Ivnn.a may then, at no rem-w i ro-j, r I oice in the extiiiKLi-hmeid of her public deht the r j peil of her onerous aud burden-.. me txe h h.m- and a cri!it untarui-hed a f.eeaiid i'D'ilar idacaliotial v- leni and an utdutrioud and ioyai people, pr.i ercuj and hippy. Vll. k. lAt"knt. Kvkcctii r. raVTtrit. f Harrburx. Jan. ath, liS j Biting off a Man's Ear We learn from the Columbia tyy that recently one John Winner apnea ret 1 betore Justice Welbh and made eotn plaint against Samuel Albright for biting off his ear, in a tight at the puhiic house of Joseph Musser, iu West liempheld township 'lher apiN-ars to have been a free fight coing on at Mur's, and tbe lihtt were extingui?hetl tn the bar-room Albright was em:a:ed with complainant and in the scrimmage the eir waa t.keu oft without the knowledge of Witmer, who weut home to lied unconscious of his mu tilation. The landlord in sweeping out hi premises next morning discovered the ear. and ou examination it was found to fit Witmer s head, and was by the latter 1 -dded an.) pro 1 need at the Jm-tice'a uti-e for inspection. he marks of Albright's teeth are viii.le i-n ue upper part of the ear which wa completely rn out, as by the roots. Ihe most xingular rcutustance connected with the affair is tbe seme of pain the wounded man bavinc suf red none since tre extraction of his or'an ef aring. Captain Whiskey was a ring-leader the at! ray ut Mussei s. A warrant was is ed for the arre-t of the cannibal, but he has t yet been found. The Bible is tike a w ide and beautiful mbvape seen afar off, dim and confused ; it a good telescope will brinK it near, .d spread out all its trees, ami winding k-ers at one'a very feet. That telescope . the Uvly Spirit. Fawer l'f U'-'Ia'rj and 3Io- prisoned a gobbler, to shut it.