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T TOISBURG CHRONICLE.
BY O. N. "WOftDEN & J. An Independent ramily I! hMIt!!" awl FrH'W't I- ieiJiurj,Ciiion Ci J.VtYlW V.' Si Vt'-i'lt'''.;;'!; t:!ZAVi? yy.tr. Ai. V'. i t-. !' nvivi'il in p II. p..'.. -tai.ip. value h-nj. I"M lT"'tU'-.-t -iWht-n tin lii:i ,. 1 r (Uti -. w.- Ii;it- it rU'imn.: if ::i Ai-VKi.niEU' liuii'if 1!,,'l I utn- "if f. k. 'Jo -1- ,'.t !i iitti-i I., .titii-, .1"!- '-r y- -ir. It..'! a d..l,:t.l .i. T'-'" 1 1 pf.l .-r miv-l "in " W : 'iUM'i. P lus v. .o ui:ty !" i-T t 'f, " :i. n.i-ilii -t t c cr 1-' ii -M r T ur 1 innll J-:.i II ik ii'. t- - ;i tli--ir .1 at II-.- i:V..-i-. ,, ;,t ;.u . H p- r i:..n, ' !' 1 r -ix ..r t- T r. '.in.'. A ,.n.r n t Mitl.ii 1 il T' i ti,. 'in;-. r,..i.tN. , kh, I- . ! J''E I'B W.iUl.r.N- .t C.iUXKI.li. THE CHROSIVJA-:. .1I1 iV. J fc V. 1) .ts'!. l..; i.M'l ui'.' ::k"M ij:. I .A I IKS' l'AKTlKS. O' tlia'ii.- en u. Mfc. e n " " 1 ') An-lru-y riidii) l.i -' i!.m .--. ml:, iu t,:: 1:1 I l...t V'.r l:,:.rl- -!',S t., ir l..iuii--.-. !" " ' .,.., u l.r. An-t u .Ui... tl.at ..fn'-vt: in.- " ' ' Whii ;., hv.. ttr e v .rsr.j t tlii lu An. I it Hi- I. ' ; ': - -'. : ; : T . Liv.. up t;r I'll-: ' " " "" " " !" 1 nJ I'.iin. i -iil.l ' !'.! .-:!' !: if r.u :ii.ii.. " ' ' 1 ''' .f I. in. ...' I ' " " i "' ' el". Tim mi l wi - an 1 " ' M v.il 1 ' ' Tli.it Ii-. il- :i ' t I- i',C ui' 1:- An-1 tli.'n. if-'f' r vi-T:" ' wimn n i- 'Ii- A., I if nun. n- l:-r ' ' i- f I M:l-: I ' 1 VIVII .lll.!i.1l ..i.l ' ' :ii-1 l-r-tk i.. til - !-.a Of liitimi; Ui. M-l'.n :s "';"..' The GDvernor's Plesase. Y 15a ve, la.-t week, in an Kxtra of the Clii'.oNi' I i:. the .iiniuil Mi'S-ai.'!' til'Cov. I'ai Kl i:. iu full. i'Ut had not time to coiiiineiit t : ) ' :i it. Tin' fir.-t kcauty oi the M-'-rfi', i-. its Ui.I'.vn v. It is thi- siiorti'-t Yearly Kii?t!"'. from (Iiiveriior or I'n'-n !.!!. wo nvoii.'ct in car day, an 1 will llierciiv win wmv ii.;i'i :i. ; The'eouditio'.i ' f the iate Finan ce?, nnd.T the Sinking F.ind sy;.-itt innnirnrated ly iou'renr.- JnSTs and 1'oi.i.oei:. i-' mo.-t s-tirfar;ory. li; t it l.e f lii'.i'u'ily rarried ":t i:n wo trust it will ! ' l.y t'ii' .'!:.: Ainnin- istratior.- and tii.ro:i,.:'i State Tr.-:i--.t-' rers, and tie re are n:.i;:y ! u who Will ile (. ,;,,,.(',,. -,l 1..... P...nn sylvauia is" a: M.v "oat ol The vindication of tie. tested measure oft'ue t) the Sale of the l'ui'iie i!--et. I lo:er-co:i-ip. i.-ition Vorks is complete 1 he attempted iK'e:r.ee lmrv it Frie Cotniatiy of the Sun-a'"iin-t the charge of sellinir tic at less than their v:: Fubiie AYorks is not sat 1-- factory, ltisalmitted tiiat one sion had a larger ju-iee oli'ered I livi- r i!. i than it was soi 1 for : it is all eoeil that tho hi" iier bid caon; t.- hit. Yet the real c!iarLre ri-maitis : V as tliere anv' .ibWv '. uiveu ol' tin1 .-ale. not only of tint, but !' the other Di visions, so that the bc-t and liiLest bidders eon'. have a chance to make proposals "in time?" or, were the ii visions bargained privately, secretly, to pels of the eo:npa:iy? This is the wrong charged, and which should be fully met. Y"c join iu every honest mcr.nrc to aid' that great Ibia 1 : but not a dollar should it realize by a swindle. '"Fraud vitiates all contracts.'' The interest evinced in Popular Edueation, is (lov. I'acker i lirni-r-worthv. i staunch friend of the Common School System. The proposed Bureau of Statistics wc deem premature, as the people desire no more officers to support, un til their burdens become lighter. The attempt, a few years since, to procure so simple a registry a- that of deaths, marriages, and births, proved tinsuc-ccs-ful, and was abandoned. The irenerally e-su-ossod desire for economy in appropriations, we hope will be taken literally, and adminis tered practically, bv the Legislature. And first of all", let" them repeal that last, miserable Militia Law, which no body understands, and winch bcnelit none but militia o.'iicers who spirit awayiiiomouewu.se,..,, ;i -.ieuM , 'selfsiMain.iigvay. .1. : I : ..i ... i iu nis piescnc v lew m uie wi in tnoomy point it. wiiien no agrees win. ...p. i.iictianau- ue ..mernor r. t T l ril.lllS I'llllll sl'Ilt. II 111 Ml I 1 1.L1.I'S,- manshijt. These appeals present ai singular spectacle -a 1 icmoeratie Pre sident and a Demo .ratio Governor both joining iu u-vmT that "explo ded ' i.'g ta.'asttre -a 1'rotcctive Tariff ; and not 1 s remarkable is the fact that this very President and C.overnor were both instrumental in itstroyine: under a false pretence of i friendship-thai same Whig Tariff of '42! The idea that our banking system ! is inc great cause ol our ruinous "times", is one of those "i-ms" which ejioped Gov. Packer had outgrown. ti to the iuiproviileui-e and exirav- '"-".'e nnuri-hed bv the Free Trade ir l' ... - ie lar.li system, that we are "D ' : l'l "tell for tins icssn of jiarentage. -as i.-sue. Gov. Packer '.a around agtiiust the -ii-tration against tlie 1 tlie iltiirli Ii bills t'-kua-i'i's, ia-t j.e'a t'lat c. protect S'av.o-c i:; ":ni..K "raia ta.. -i:.:o:.r,: ; J- i'.llj,r.-.;i an J -- '. . ,...";.: T-- . i K- CORNELIUS. Sewn Journal. i, i 1 . (!, I alarm mat anv cons.tiera.uie i ii. .... ,.t;..i of our people wkli to "exfokce the "ihlWy'' that our nation will one i !i .1 .-.,..,11 (Win lu : is 'unfair, and needlessly distressed a' f;ir as regards friends of Freedom. OCCUIlie ail i mi There arc, it is true, tons ot thuusanas of men. North and ontli, who believe that, iu th'.' r.mre of events, Slavery will i.e aboH.-ki.J in the I'nited Stak-s, as it has I'ti-u in most of the civilized ,i- ni',1 ours i.e'ciuuL' iu tiuiii ' '. ? ,, ' f. ' M:Sa,.hus,.!.S. v !',,5v!v:,-in. ami other r." '.. .....!:. i, ...i c!.,....f J, .laiCS. ll.V iiuuiwij' ", ..... v. t otiiei s V. M.I.. UaMHllgtOn,Je!KT - sou. 1-Vankli.i, and all those most ,- iki.i.lial in formiii-j our institutions, I'laiuly eoiitfiiip-laUrd the day when oar laud .-hould l.e freed from the eur.-r an. ,! ike wion ..f i.,v..l.mt.rv se-rvitude : and the reason, expressly the nimty sis teachers employed in cny ' L-iveii !.y Madison himself, why the (jtT cr,Unty, were in attendance, l'rof. 1 word "slave" is jtroserihed from the : s,(ljjarj w,g tmplnyed to conduct the Coiistilution.was that posterity .,. iirht Itisti,ulc. The teachers appealed to be not k...,w, Iron, that instrument that tUo instrc,jve and Maverv was ever allowed by tlieiu. i ' . , .. . , (liirCoa.-litution, in so many words, ' able manner iu which he discharged that : declares that it is lii:sK;.i:i) to "sK-1 duty. He added many warm friends to : en:;: t:ii: ih.Essi.m;.-, oi- niincitTv" ; bis list. And the teachers returned to in.! tie; t-vils of Slavery. These are their respective fields of labor, with new tiv facts, which can not he hid from - ,i ; .1, .,. w,)r. buviin: "ained many the eyes of lie; people. There is a ' coiilliet there wii.n he a triumph. "Ye can not serve (lod and Main-1 niou." The chains of servitude are !.:! oniiii.r v.-en L-cr. Thi" fonviilsive li.roes of ti.e Monster evince that it has ... . l ived maiiv a deadiv wound, ; 'I'll , ., 1" I ; , 1, . 1 ! - i , f : '' ill,, . in,.!.- .i... in i.ii.ii. ..ui, ,.....i.v.v i to l.( a . 1 i ,i ; 1 ? i .,,, lit e on both sides, a.ulwlio prate aeoiit "soiuetliimr wronir in all pariics. " and who cry "Good Lord and Good Devil" alternately, just as they can win a bargain or escape a trouble, will iu the end be scattered and dispersed as were the Cowboys of ti:e 1;. volution. There is a iiijrht :.ie and a Wron:; side of this Great tiii'stiou Yes, .Mr. Governor, Li berty or Slavery nm-t triumph pro-' bahly by the force of moral efforts ; and we hope that, before IM'.O, your ! eariy (junker principles and manly common sense instincts will lead you to tin; ;-i-le of Right and Humanity,: a;.'! not h ave you attempting; to play Neuiial or Mum in so vital an issue. On the whole, it is ii ifnoi! Ios-f-acre- riirht on the State Finances ; :.,!. t;.. vf-n- , i i;,.i,r,nl r the Tariff: defence of State Ki-Uts . against Ceutralization ; aud I.eeomp- tonisui. Its errors, w: lioic, are mure j of the head than of the heart. I The Legislature. That was a grand victory which the people achieved at the late election in l'catisylvabii. They became disgusted with the miserable aiimiuitration of the Buchanan party i ,t ,i . , j ,t ,- i n,l tlliV t 111: TO lorn I thnr. .... .... j di-gust at the polls. Consequently, the Opposition are now in the majority in the n their actions v.ill depend iu a gn at nu .isur.'. whether that victory shall Le one of Ixvric.lcence or whether it shall turn to ash'-s as they grasp it. To make it t":uitfal of good, wo must be de termined and watchful. There are many difficulties to overcome the most formid able of -which is uijlsluics. We have clus tering around our victorious standard, as all victorious parties have, a set of un I principled men, whj connect themselves with any party that they think they can j make somctuiniz out ot. lt sucn now get omcthino the direction cf tho party they seal its doom. The proplo are in no mood, at present, to support a party when they see it in the hands of selfish and corrupt lea ders. Let the Opposition learn a lesson from tho rise of 1851, aud the fall of 1855. To the Legislature of 1855, is to be attribu ted our subsequent defeats, and the final election ui i.ucnaua.i. it uepenus on tne , ( Ipposition thciseives whether that drama : suau ne repea.eu. I . , . . i . - l I l lli to on,., ,i-. fiiit nc miiTi fln.I mtn. I ots, and not as the tools of trading aspi traoing aspi- j n, and tueir ! rants and corrupt spoilsmen conduct will command the respect and i ... . . r i.n , n.,,iin. eu Io.,ei.i o, .i. vv. r i right action on their part, t will not bo . necessary for them to concern tliemselves ; ; . , ,, par,Tthe party will stand ' juooueril, Let us have little j ... ... .. . or no Biieciiii icgis.juou. 1.111VU. t opposition to tae Governor.J Let us have j no extravagance, j waste o; time in -gai-. . je. ua u.m a short session. Give ns these, and the , Members can go home with the conscious-! ncss that they bavo been good and faith- j f , servants anJ those of them wbo be- , . . . ... . r,i ; & t0 Opposition, can feel secure in ; the permauency of the ascendency ot tueir party. L.b'iwm Courier. Homely Uncle. A little girl about six years old, was talking with her uncle. "Millie," said he, "did you ever hear of Kurry, the calf weaner?" AVccc No sir. Curie There was a man, named Kurry, so U'-lv, he followed calf weaning for a liv- When the calf was with the cow, be , w iuld look under on the ether side, and as s-iou as the calf saw him it would let go, j run ilT, and never uck again. j .V, -Uncle, I think would wean iia 'ci;: .-: ' LEWISBDEO, UNION CO., l'A., FRIDAY, JAN. 14, 1859. ! Cood for Colurabia County. The recent Institute at Bloomst'urg.was ttendeJ by (i " . , '. Nine of the Teachers of that county. : im -- :.. r. tn the mimr B1 . . lliivnnrn 4 VII i 1113 IB wui .,,. .. barmony of those engaged in that honor Uo calling A1)0Ut the same time, the 9 , , 1)iroct,r!i mct, anJ, having witnes sed the beucfits of the County Supcrintcn doncy, raised the salary of Win. liurgess, I f.'l, tl at n"i -e s) rcputablv, from a , fi.Is that tj jjVioUuM a iiHal saury to w . uywo". ' one Director dissenting. Those ! t.,. f rl.erioc promise to the great '.. ji'i :.. ;n ti.nf nnnntir cause Ui uiutawu iu ...... vv,-.-v. j fl af Ur'on Cour.tV ! f , 'yilEIl )U'n : Uu the tu oil tc., ie. . ; ty T. acher s Institute met in .Vlinsgrove ...I...U.C.Uv.wmn. SUtu ti'lM of valuable hints in the art of teaching. The citizens of Sclinsgrove ngaiu proved their hospitably, as well as their devotion to the cause of education, by opening their doors and giving free entertainment to ithe teachers. The session closed on Friday .1, f..r tin, SI,ViIr Prtlltlt T ,,,..,.,1,,. j ' , - , - , . , ,rs come of whom receive but tcv- ciitecn dollars a month for their lb.r, yet they were not among those who think or en , , (.1, n..'d toon li tn nllonil Insti- tutrs" '-Don't' think they ehall teach longer than this winter" 'Directors ... .. l,n it,,,,, .t .(! . Illlf ttlPV . ii '"i ii, l, for ihmr nwn and their school's improvement. Tim I-vii.v Cmotv Teacher's Tnstituto met in Ilartleton, on tho same day that the Snyder County Institute mct. Out nvlcr Lounty insiuuio mct. jut n T ...... . ft... of the scrciiti three teachers employed jn the county ouly thirly-thnt recorded their names as active members of the Institute. Some of them were prevented from attcn- dine on account cf family sickness but why so tii'it-.y absented themselves remains yet to be told There were also several .-scuoo. j-trectors enrolled as Mcuiljc.s. i'ref. F. Hendricks, whose service had been engaged, was also obliged to disap- point tlie rximei..: tk. tochers on account of sickness at home. And.honce, tho Teachers and County Superintendent were obliged to put their own "shoulders to the wheel" and do the work. Teachers were appointed for the different branches usually taught in our school. Classes r ..... ' ., . , r . . I were l irmeu. in wnien inose icacaers mi;' it L-ive tueir nietliou e. leacuini: dv a prac,ic:,j i;iu,tra,ion. The members of . t j:u,rt ,0 ask any qucstiuns that niig'ut be calculated to draw out an expression or opinion, that would prove Louificial to themselves as well as to the other members of the Institute. All - . . i i .t u.s.iiss.o,. i,.,i u, iU..u(, v... tho art of tcachins or would otherwise add to their usefulness, that would only f ain.i-oiiism iiuioug nil.- imiuCi.ti.,.... , ed.for this too often destroys that sociabil- , -. ft I .11 ,!.' y ana uarmony wuicu suouia exist ou- tween teachers. ..Inch of the good that teachers might accomplish, is destroyed by other opposing clemcntd, and much less will be accomplished toward the im provement of our schools, where teachers do not properly co-operate with each other in this work. The citizens of Hartlctoa manifested much and increasing interest in the differ ent exorcises of the Institute. The day sessions were well attended by them, and ; tbe CTerjiof, t!ie church was crowded. mernhcrs i t.f the choir kindly favored I - the Institute with their very excellent! . - n.i tiiiiuM Al lh prrninff ci'Minni 1 hp t... uia!e tca(.lier, found hospitable homes in prj vatd families. The male teachers wcro , . e wull accomnlosiatcd at the hotels of the . . . ... .. place, at sixty cents a day. JJelore Iniljtute bad cIomj, maDy 0f them b.d rcceived invitations from some of tbe citi zens to accept their hospitality, yet we saw but evr of ,he seats at the hotel table va- cated and .Messrs. Editors, bad you wit nessed tbe dinner unions, you would bave teen compelled to say "school masters are nnt aii azy." u.ii Or l IJf..vi. j. g Tho next Institute is to be held ;D Jlifiiinburg. bewisburg would have been entitled to tho placo of holding it, but as the bewisburg teachers have not cencrally attended the sessions of the ,oua institute wo concluded that the teachers of Lewisburg did not wisn to have it. We know not how it is, generally, but, this year, many of tbe teachers in this reo-ion attended the Institute at Milton, which was much more convenient for most of them. Ens. Cnnox. n.mnrratie r.imsentiiticc lvimihltim ; 85.000 for a Slave State 93,000 for a j, -rcc gtate. This is the new Democratic 0m;i . tbey rftered to admit Kansas as a gave g.ate with her present population nf 35,000, but oppose her admission as a ytte st!iro until .-he has Hd100 inhabi - '.r-; - Debate Under Difficulties. The Hon. J'.fuha 11. biddings, I ctur cd in Tremout Temple, Boston, on Wed nesday eveuing. Hissuljcct was-iwen- t Years in Concrens. lu tue course 01 bis lecture, according to the Atl.n, be re- Iated the following incident, which will be read with interest at this time : In Cooltcss, they sometimes bad to make speeches under great difficulties, of which Mr. (lidding gave an amusing illustration. In I" li, tnere waS a,. uu- fortunate n.an in the House from Georgia, r mi, .1... monnlml him - . . . . by the name of black, ho regarded him- ; self as the especial al chamj ,ion of the State, tiiution.' Y.-hen and of the 'neculiar iueti . , Indian bill was under con6i0eranon,ne ! Mr. G. took occasion to refer to the old ! mutter of the Creek Indians and the slaves , b , . ,U(J GcorgiaI)S. , j ,-"" f . . .. .1 r t.; .1-..-., witn stealiug negroes, ana irautung a un unuuibiuu .eij wiuuwg - to his wife. The Southern men gathered cultivated crops. When the crop is sown, around him, and spurred him on. When j it is at the mercy of the weather; a drouth ho had concluded, he Mr. G r-plicd in is, if p.issii.le, more destructive than a mild terms as would be iui-iginc-l, but ; fljod ; and, between the two, farmers lose Black did not so regard it, and, coming money enough every three years, by titag around to within four feet of him,with his j nant water, to apply the thorough remedy heavy sword cane in bis hand, paid, 'He- j of draining. peat that, audi will knock you down.') Farmers loe money by short Hghtcd 'Well,' said Mr. Gidding', 'I never bad j and Mietttkrn lifts nf Economy, for true becu knocked down, it would be a curies- economy does not consist in mere stinting ity, aud so, of rourse, I repeated it.' Loud and prolonged applause Some Members tried to get him away, but I told t hem to let him alone, he was a poor harmless man. Dawson, of Louisiana, a professed duelist, came along, and, pla- . ... ... .i.: : Cllll? 11 IS lian. 1 OU Ills pistol, anu i-wauic . " 6 ' ' . .. it, said, 'D n him, I'll shoot him : Mr. Giddings did not think he was in dan- B'r but others did, and a slaveholder frorn larjrlanJ, armed with bowie knife and pistol, came over, and stood by his side with his arms folded. John Slidell, unJ oll'cr Southern men, came over and i pt0,J l? liIack Kcnneth llaynor, of ' n"U Carolina, (wlio Las necn caueu a ... , , I IT 1 "Know Nothing' since.but who knew some- : nt day,) who was fully armed, Him" LI1I.L II IV. I KI1U W:i 1U11V UllllOl. : o j ' i. , . r 1 r. ; camc anu iook up a posiuou ou n u -, ; Charles Hudson, of Massachusetts, rose quietly and put himself on bis right, and Solomon Foot, of Vermont, feeling his cold northern blood stirred somewhat, left his scat and took up his position at the entrance of the aisle, and then and there '. "- S.h.. .l-l-n,, " bond applause. ; A North Carolinian and a Marylandcr, j',iuing "i10 tw? Xrt.n.erBr c" ',D e ; " ,7 , n ; - pogmlnr branch of Congress, is a rare pic- ' m Jlims anJ iiiddin" by their fearlessness, prevented the entire destruc- ' tiou of that sacred right, which Sumner, Grow, and other in our day, have also ; - I . . .. i 'i'jip mrnps nt rnp pnnr. - . . . . .. - . i4 iin il.-nd r ' t hit toarful nestnm iJrcw us near the little group who stood at the f , ; from the scaffolding," we heard ; ut our elbow. We glanced up at the half.; , huili house, aud then with a shudder look- t I ej from tue ecafTold to the ground especi- . . II1K I0 ,ce a lauorer wuo iiau unen :rom hi. no.t. Alas ! there was before us no . , . ., i ... i m.n. ,0U and dead, but a little child. ins post. Aias : mere was ne.ore u. ' ... seon gomo It,ur summers,ana,K-iin cuuuiou dwi had clilnhed the scaffold to see ....... . ; p:1j;l" bn,,d ,be house, liis little tace I was ?ctj and the fearful pallor of death J waa ppread over tho small features. By j bi3 eide, as ho lay on the cold stones, knelt a rough man, down whose sun burned cheeks the tears poured as hc moaned, " Oh, borny 1 Lorny ! Who'll tell your mammy, mavourneen?" No need to tell her such sore news travel fust. Even while we stood there. j sh(J C!imo ,iiroui. tho crowd, her arms covered with soansuds. her cheeks pallid. ! ... . . ,i,, fi lirr 10l 11 PB Dtrfl .ll'l win. imuv uniu. ,, . .. T; t news. iicr iirT.1 i-iy us, vii .iiiiii, . ' , . ,..,. .1 . 1 1 j , aD(j pie cingh, tbe poor Uttle j. i,. .,i,.'. i,.,-rt Thnn thu . , . Ulm Jie 0D u,e ,.ulu UUUJ 10 11 ' 1 nil' , ,,.1 mw, -- - - i tears came and seated on the stones, she rockcd , nd fr0 witb ber sad burden I . c. e , . breast. moaning and clasped close to her breast, moaning and wailing for ber only child. ....... , , i t i Kind friends gathered aronnd. Bough faces softened, and hard voices sounded sweet with words of sympathy. One com- j forter wbifpercd jj bctter off 0Wj boDOy. Y'oa arc yery poor, you know." The mother looked up, and oh ! the pa thos in her voice as she said " Yes he teat all the richct ice hail .'" Fattening Siief.p in Winter. Put them in a dry, warm place, and let them have plenty of fresh air; give them out quart of oats, each morning and evening, with bay and pure water. I fed one in this way last winter, for three months, and it was admitted by competent judges to be as fat a sheep as they ever saw. I sold it to a butcher for Sll. Cattle I have fattened quite a num- f A.tT 1, ntioi,.. tlipm tlircA riecks i ,,f r,ntnti-ipj nnr dav. with hav. and no ' i , ' , -.h ,n,i n ! watcr. This will make good, juicy beef. I j When potatoes are plenty, this is a cheap I way to fatten cattle. Feed smalljolatoes j ! whole. h-as Bcs". ! 1 ,V'.,t."o',':.' o , O'-.cnd.- i covi'y. A 1 ' How Farmers Lose Money. Mr. J-II. Ii.xnv.of Iti-u. SU- irara county, N. V., wr tc as follows to Z fZll Farnu-r: ii ijooMiig uuij.u- - j uny buHiness, Gts us poorly to ngage in ! ;t un(ler!tandingly. The brightest pros- , j3 ylMe to become clouded the most , , , .A,-. ma,v end in disat'poiut , metlt. , If we look at the crops which "d"n . plJ- al)1ng us, icu j tua r00t of the matter" lies in Wulcr 1 .&..... im SjU which, in many: , Stagnant in the SjU which, in many way3, i, prejudicial to the growth of crops. Iq fact, a soil which has no escape or out- , . , ,, . t.. , lct lor tuo water which iau uV by evaporation, can not be made to pro- duee a paying crop. Iu a dry season, it is : bakt.j aHll harj . in a wet one, is is flood- iu -y - o .. ., l;.: r...,..nl.l.. tn. n nrnvlh of , and saving it requires far-reaching views I and a generous spirit, to decide practical 1 tpjestious upon that just basis which ?e- : cures the greatest measure of succeis. We must look further than the first cost. In farm stock, for instance, when once secur ' i :, ... , , ,..:, -no vu, ii tunia uikiu muii; iu i.i.i " -"j . .... . . given age, a good animal than a tia.i one, while one may be far more remunerative than the other. The good cost more at , first, but are sure to prove valuable and find ready purchasers, while the cheap arc almost certain to be poor and dull of sale. This is true not only of animals, but of all farm crops the best varieties of grain and fruits are sought and raised by truly . economical cultivators of the soil, ; Mmmy,-ment o Jrnio-e.-Thc ' ; ' ......! I ) H... 1 :.. ' III H'li IHC III l'f .'J t II II C 1. V"M icnis oi uie uarii-jaros are ftwuiij uij- nified with the name cf manure, even if they consist of little more than rotten straw and animal excrement, the .real strength of which has leached away uunng its long exposure to the weather. "A ! dry yard" is the desideratum, with many; -n j-: J.-:-.J luio some ' stream, or down the roadside ditch ; (into some provident neighbor's field it is to be hopcd)-what is left is still "manure," and it is carted out for crops witn cxpec- i ,atlun tljat tbcJ wl" 10 Iar2dJ benefited thereby. One thought will show bow idle is this idea. By what does manure act beneficially nPon vegetable growth ? By i I, r, note nnil (rc. na toorl 1 1,14 n.ohfiil fc-. ... , mnnitv. 1,,b l..cl I id nPalMl cll,rnf en II. " '" f-.v.-. bl fertilizing matter, the residue is little i more than a mechanical means of iuiprov- ing the soil. "'". ""-") farmers but can look back to the time wLl'n ,LcJ "missed it" materially, in plow- nn f,it nit MtUiriff In mn i it Tfrfti" 1 1 v - a - - . o . . : iinseiisonali v. or m ore of one tban they - ' , - i unseasonably, or more ot one : cuu!J pPcrly cultivate or care for. llll 1 a 1;.l not lianin d-x V-n t tlin Amiincnc ' - r- ; remained at rest W e must plow nnlit Im F aa ftnlnh QTiit Hrl it ftvina fia D : J - - ed, our farms better stocked, and our ! fields increasing in fertility. Shelter jor Stock. Not only do horses ,,, ,. , , necd stables and care, but cows, sbecp.and , .... ii..- calves will do much better, give more .,, , , , , railk, wool, and growth, on the same or , ' . 1 1 1 .1 i, less amount amount of food, than when no ... i i ... n-u nrnvisinn is made for their protection. 1 ue I ,r. ,...i,. r... , ,. ,k f . , - f . .s ' J. let us fear a liberal expenditure for good . ,i , . ,. u j yards, and convenient watering places, though we ma, have long followed the mMo system of getting along without (heiu. u. S. Senators from Pennsylvania. j vunes. "f Maclay, ! tlobert Morris, w,at; i Join j. g In. 179 178'J 1793 1704 1705 1S03 Out. 1791 j William Bingham, Samuel Maclay, Peter Mublenburg, George bogaD, Michael Leib, Andrew Gregg, Abncr Lacock, Jonathan Roberts, Walter bowrie, William Findlcy, William Marks, Isaac D. Barnard, George M. Dallas, WilliBin Wilkins, James Buchanan, Samuel M'Kcan, Daniel Sturgeon, Simon Cameron, James Cooper, Uichard Brodhead, Jr., 1801 ItSOl 1803 1S07 1M:J 1M4 1S1D If 11 1S25 1S7 1831 1S31 1834 1S3U It? 45 1M9 1S51 151 1;57 I William Bigler, I Simou Cameron, 1803 I Five hundred applicants are besieging tho Pro.iilont fur the ten West Point Ca- uv detships "at large, tica to .;f point which he has the dis- ESTABLISHED At 1.50 per Fiat ootea wu. "S" 'r , to Mr. Davidson the most curmus fpeci men of an old bachelor the w-rM e.e, .... 1 ; u....- - . - anj 0,JJ. IU bated women, esj-ccwlly ol.l : mMSt anJ Wil8U't afraid to s-uy so. He ; anj unt Paj bad it, hot and heavy, - j .hencver chance threw them together 1 yet ttill he came, and it w is noticsd that 1 Aunt iattv took unusual pains with her . wbcDevcr ue wa3 cxpeceu. v,u contcat r1 onU:,uai;y strong, . ..... ... .... j;4tfnt. anil went : latty left hiui in di.'gu-.t, and went ; .uto the g;irJen j muttcr(,i, ,u herscif( a. The bear : the as sne si peu oj . . i . a,ier a niossom wuicu , t T l. 1 1,., . tenUoo j WLa J0U run awjy fur SiiJ ff ; cu c;3e t0 her side, 6 . f . burdock , El" " 1 OU UlliU L iiu ii, j - " No you are worre than a i: i . i . :. .11.1 rn bur." " You won't got rid of me, neither.'' " I won't, th '" " Only in one way." "And that?" ' Marry me." " What, us two fools get married? What will people say ?'' " That's nothing to us. Come, say ye. or no: rm in a hurry." lt Well, no, then." 'Very well, good-bye I shan't come again." " Stop a bit what a pucker to be iu 1" " Yes or no ?" " I must consult" " All right : I thought you was of age. : Good-bye." "Jabn Andrews, d .ti t bo a fool. Why I Come back, come back, I say." , hclieve the critter has taken me fer ; earnest. Jabcz Andrews, I'll consider" " I don't want no considering. I in gone, Becky Hastings is waitingforme. I thought . I'J give you the first chance. Ail right. Good-bye." ! x i T l I rrl..., .. T?..1-t. - i .IflllfT 111 P7 : 1I11L Mm k UO .'llAt , .., .. i:. :rf.i:.i-.. Hastings suau t nave mm u i uie mi jt. Jab.z yes. Do you bear ! Y-e- '. " j - Centra, Africa ; iowr.s, was a Lieutenant ;n Lie Tl,Iiin AnnJ.( butj heing afterwards . eomed, was sent as a missionary into the far interior of Africa, by the Southern ISapiist in.a.d. IU l.a f-ut li.ti.,,1 :. book lowing ve. h,fh 'tal' f"' ' P ,f,e L.L,; iDVu'- he slaTe Tra,,o iM never raeK. j. Hc ,,as a;s,, delivered lectures in New! York, upun the condition of things in that part of the worid, which, at this tnn, is exciting more than ordinary attention, "JT. ' ' -w 1 urk of lbc ' .-ir can nature, us nuuufss, ' ' child-like simplicity in the reception of religious truth, docility, and teachableness, furnish ground for high hope and encouragement The retentive quality iu this nature was most surprising. The literature planted j by the Saracens, seven hundred years ago, j aud the arts and sciences which they pes . , rcm0, a. uaTe , at anT . ' . I time been forgotten, but bave been re- . . turned to the present time as perfect as such a state of civilization that it would u ,tf , ,e tb i c ' : mas, b necessity, progress. The Niger is the Mississippi of Africa. From its delta to its source, more than three thou sand miles in length; in no place is it 1 t 1 -T . -,:i.. 1.1. .-.I ,1,.,I, lesa mail unit luiie 111 .oiu,iiiu,iuiuuiu- . . ' . out its entire length, it would be naviga- i ..... . T . I b o to our Mississippi steamers. Its prin- ... . " . ,, , I ciral tributaries, are navigable, for more 1 ' c . 1 than fifteen hundred miles. 1 be immense ; .... . . district, drained by the Niger and its i Irancht?!, was neb in unaeTeipp!i rosour- ecu. The fmia tree prowB in luxuriant I r'". "'. fr"m ,,s nut. iipply of the world s trade coi oil for tbe trade could be man- ! nfacturcd. Cotton, of a long and firm 1 8t3I"e- coa,J lc M,,J V " immcD" tra,I ,n n African silk, - . . T. : i.i 1 i. J : . L ivory, auu skius, couiu ue r?iuuns.ueu .iiu facility. The great reason why the Eng lish have not succeeded better in their attempts to establish trade, was because 1795 : they confined their operations simply 1794 ' to ports along the banks of the Niger, and 1S0.1 . left the great interior country unexplored. J801 Tradinn posts should be established in the 1SOS ' 1S01 ' 'ntcr'or otdcT to break up tbe Tast jq- traffick which finds its way across the J js 14 deserts. Around these station", large 1S13 towns would spring up which would soon 1S19 become the nucleuses of civilization. The jsoj ' present African trade was estimated at jy."- ' thirty millions of dollars. If not for the jg31 ! sake of Christian truth, and through mo 1831 I tives of philanthropy, certainly by a rc 1833 ' gard for our self interests, we should feel 1S34 j impelled, as individuals and as a nation, to jjjojj i encourage every proper scheme to civilize 1S51 i Afriea au ,Uus appropriate to ourselves 1S4'J , tbe vast wealth of its trade and commerce. 1S55 ; The labors of the Missionaries, bave 1857 - resulted in incalculable good results, thus ! , early. The power of Idolatry and Mo- hauiedaniam are fast waning before the ; strength of Christian truth and the light ! of conization. Ia the district of Pierre I.jonc, the town i f Pre'-pcrt already pos .f t.v.o'v ?h .usiin.. IN ISI3....W1I0LE NO, 770. Irur, always In Advance. , , - i erab. taste, and public l.brarie. filled .ith i , .t.BJ.rJ literature. . mm f M ..j.-0 ; The flowin? j, from truthful negro, an eye witacs of the scene : j . J0U Deb. r hear bow Mass Eliek ; ' ,rie(l to rlsy ir.arniaid? I tell you waat. j J0U n;n Jar J0ll ie laughing,. His bref p;n out, an he had to lef de element hs , warnt Dorn into. j I ,ell yna how it was. n M... Ptt.tr im I De old man tell Mass Elick, next time be go in wash- ing wid dem nigger boys, Sunday.be gwioo to whin him. Mass Elick he take caution from dis, and keep away from dat creek long time. i " But one Sunday morning in August, 1 he forgit heself, and take de nigger boya down, and dey all go in washing. I cam l dar, and tell Mass Elick ha better mind, ,je 0j j man fin(j ilm out ac(j den J,e ketch 1 if. He say dar was no daogr, do old man done gone to meeting. I look np and seed de old man cum riding right down to de creek, which was de nigbest way to de church, on horseback. Mass Elick seed it was no use to run, so ho went down on je s;je ja 0j raan was coming, which war ; kivered wid thick bush, and jis as do old man rjje ;nj hc jjve calculating to stay under dar till de old man pass. Di was cunning 'uuff. De old man war on de high- tlooded mar, which stop to drink.and Jerry be no half water Mm ; she was dry for true, and did drunk and drunk, and seem lika she nebcr git 'nnff. " Mass Elick rose ont'n de water, 'bout two feet from dat mar's nose, jist lika a tuarmaid ; quicker as any lightning yon cber seed, dat mar firap mils, and Fpilt de old man clean out'n sight into de clement. I tell you what, dar was n marmaid in him ; he tuck de udder 6ide of dat ques- ,jon an j jntj, Pf seeing how I ong be stay u,j(,rdat water, be seed how soon he yila out-n jar jnj ilcn he did shook bim- self and sloshed de water out'n he hat, ha . i , .... , ii-, i - j ' .-, j-- . . -, r A tlidB 1-111 11 nr II C II 1 fOIIin irom : Mass r.,icK De was snenr. ; Jlut when de old man tuck do path for home de way de mar had scooted, do ' 5Iass Klick base JcrTy f"r 00 a,c"nS : dat mar, was caution to all niggers. But bo 1 say, he reckon de eld man wouldn't wbip him bard, as he tuck a eplunge heself dis : SuQ(lay mnrtl;r,g ! " You neber git dat mar to cross dat forJ no more ; she always consate sb. ; smell marmaid down dar." Election Anecdote. The fallowing story is told of a revolu tionary soldier who was running for Con gress : It appears that our hero was op posed by a much younger man, wbo bad never " been to the wars," and it was tho wont of the old "revolutionary" to tell the people of the hardships he endured. Says be : "Fellow Citizens ! I have fought and bled for my country. I helped to wbip the British and the Indians. I bave walked the frozen ground until every foot step was marked with blood '." Just about this time, one of the ".over . ... h ,, .,, i.i,.. - -..i.v j bv ,Lis ,a!e of woe. walked on in front of - ' . ,he speaker, wiping the tears from his interrupted him, saying : " Did you say you fought the British and the logins ?" " Ye," responded the revolutionary. " Did you say that you had slept on the ground, while serving your country, with out any kiver ?" ' Yes, sir, I did 1" " Did you say that you bad followed the enemy of your country over frczen ground till every footstep was marked with blood ?" ' Yes, sir, I did." " Well then," said the tearful " sover eign," as he gave a sigh of painful emo tion, " I'll be whipped if I don't think you've done enough for your country, and 77 rote for the other num." How They did It. On Sunday night last, some sconndrsl possessing long fingers, and who bad not the fear of the devil before bis eyes, broke open the poultry coop of Kev. Mr. Morse, aud robbed it of eight fine turkeys. t'ur lisle Volunteer. They do things different, here, bast Saturday night, somewhere between ten and twelve, just as we were preparing to retire, we heard the gate in front of our domicil open, and ou looking out to see who the intruder was at that bour of tbo night, we discovered a tall, good looking young man cautiously threading bis way towards our poultry coop. Under his arm be carried a bundle, which in the dim light of the moon, looked marvelous! like a turkey. On reaching the coop, be cautiously opened tbe door, tbrut in bis burthen, and as cautiously retreated. Thinking he had carried thatj'fce far enough, we stepped to the door and told bim we'd thank him, when be opened our coop, and, without tbe fear rt Shanghai roosters before his eves, maliciously im prisoned a gobbler, to shut fie ,lvr tljht 1 irW. not traj Wore moroiny. II allowed he bad, and then sloped. And that's the way tbey steal turkies in thu neck eV th woods. We think it is an i-nprovenjont on tbe Citik-t sys'c.-J 1 rnpv Mesttci