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The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, December 25, 1889, Image 14

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4 THE SAJJILXKi Lriitiiii
THE HERALD
SALT LAKE CITY UTAH
WEDNESDAY December 1889
THE DAILY HERALD i published every morn
Ing Mondays excepted at THE HERALD Block
corner West Temple and First South streets
Salt Lake City by THE HERALD COMPANY
Subscription price In advance 1000 per an
num post paid
THE SEMIWEEKLY HERALD Is published every
Wednesday and Saturday morning Price In
advance 13 00 per year six months Jl 75 post
paid
THE SUNDAY H ERALD Is published ever Sunday
morning Price In advance J2 60 per annum
post paid
SUBSCRIBERS will confer a favor by forwarding
information to this office when their paper are
not promply received This will aid us to de
termine where the fault lies
ALL communications should be addressed t
THE HERALt
Salt Lake City Utah
CITY DELTV ERY
Dy thoyear Invariably In advancelOOO
By the month 10
By the week 2
J W KYLE Circulator
Parties re7Orii from ole llce to another and
desiring papers changed should always giteformer
jis vdl present address
Entered at the Postoftlce at Salt Lake City
Utah for transmission through the malls as
second class matter
THE HERALD COMPANY
OFFICERS
Jonv T CATNE President
HEUER J GRAnTVicePresident
HORACE G WHITNEY Secretary and Treasurer
DIRECTORS
FRANCIS ARMSTRONG RICHARD W YOUNG
W I Row E G OOLLEY
IV Vk BITER CHARLES S BURTON
S P TEASEL JAMES SHARP
JUNIUS F WELLS ELIAS A SMITH
HEBERM WELtS
EDITORIAL STAFF
BYRON Guoo Editor In Chief
S A KENNlmuuAsoclate Editor
R G TAI SUM City Editor
r ALFAIES YOUNGuuTclcgrph Editor
HORACE G WHITNEY
m Dramatic and Lyric Editor
JAMESCWVII l Reporters
The postage on THE CHRISTMAS HERALD Is 4
cents to any place in the United States and
Canada and 8 cents to any country embraced
In the Universal Postal Union
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
A ChRISTMAS SERMON onifjing in
flnenct JeSus by Rev Ym Gill
Mills u 19
ATTRACTIONS AND RESOURCES OF
UTAHUn brief i 192S
BIN GUAM AND HER MINLSBv J W 9
BUILDINGS OF THE YEvR 2
CACHE COUTBy R W Sloan 8
CHRISTMAS CUIhlNERecipes of prom
inent ladies by Miss Greedy jr 2
CHRbMAS CUSTOMS IN ALL LANDS
DyWmGUMlsMAm mu 17
f CHRISTMAS IN TURKEBy James
Clovo n 2
COOPERATIVE WAGON i MACHINE
CO Third cover page u u nu u
DESERET NATIONAL BANKA sketch 18
EDITORIAL u 4
FIRST PRIZE CHRISTMAS POE3I
Christ and the Mother by A SI
S Karr 24
FIRST PRZE CHRISTIAS STORY The
Hero of Greenock Head by Allen M
Karr u u 2
GRANT BROS TRANSFER COSecond
cover page u
HEBER J GRANT < COInsurance 40
HOME FIRE AND HOlE LIFE INSUR
ANCE COMPANIES 21
HOME LITERATURE Susa Young
Gates 3
IDAHO By George W Bnzee 3
IRON INTERESTS By Thomas Taylor 9
JACQUES BONHOMMEBy Max O Rell 10
JOHN BULL ON TiE CONTINENTBy
Max O Rell 15
LOGAN CITY By R W Sloan 3
iIAMFESTOBy First Presidency and
Apostles Mormon Church 4
3IILLS AND SMELTERS 8
3IORMONS sketch of their career by
President Gee Q Cannon I
3iEPHI ByF W Chappell 7
OGDEN ByDr A S CondonJ 3
OUR COAL SUPPLY 7
PARK CITYBy C A Short 3
PAYSONA sketch by Wm Burbeck 5
PRODUCE TRADEBy E Rich 6
PHOVOByE A Wilson 6
REAL ESTATE 3
RIO GRANDE WESTERN RAILROAD 3
SALT LAKE EASTERN RAILWAY 34
SALT LAKE FORT DOUGLAS RAIL
WAY 3
SECOND PRIZE CHRISTMAS POE3I1n
Many Fanes by Miss Josephine Spen
cer 24
SECOND PRIZE CHRISTMAS STORY
The Laurel Branch by Miss Emma I
McCornick 31
TiE HERALDA sketch 3
TRADE AND COMMERCE OF SALT
LAKE CITY By Henry W Lawrence
President of the Chamber Commerce 3
UNION PACIFIC RAILROADA sketch 2
UNIVERSITY OF DESERETA sketch 2
UTAH SCKNLRY Hlustrated by Alfred
Lambonme 9
UTAH WATER SUPPLYBy M F Slur
gesCE 2
UTAH WESTERN RAILWAY 31
ASATCH COUNTS A sketch by A C
Hatch 23
WOOL INTEREbTSBy J W Summer
hays 3
Z C 1 I Fourth Page Cover
S C 1 IA sketch 16
CHRISTMAS
On this day the one text for Christians
in ever land is Peace good will toward
men And what more beautiful text
could there be In these brief words do
we find the motive and mission of Him
whose coming gave t the world the anni
o versarj which is today observed wherever
the knowledge of JESCS has penetrated
He came to earth t teach peace and to in
culcate in the hearts of his mortal brethren
good will towards each other And during
his brief sojourn among those He loved
with an affection that was divine in its
sweetness and intensity his every ut
terance and all his deeds were in perfect
harmony with the text Wherever He
went with whomsoever He dwelt morn
ing noon and night He taught peace and
set an example of good will toward men
Nailed to the cross in the deepest of mor
tIll agony the life which was given that
He
men might be saved fast ebbing away
still inculcated the idea of good will to
ward men sajing Father forgive them
for they know not what they do
He left the sentiment of his mission in the
world and so deeply impressed it upon
mankind that through all time CHRIST will
be symbolical of peace and good will and
as the ages roll on following each other to
infinity man will approach nearer t JESUs
only a he imbibes the influence which the I
Savior left
At this season the influence asserts itself
with greater impressiveness and on this
daj it reaches its supreme height filling all
hearts as full as they will permit Now
men love t do good Howover cold and
sordid and repellant they may have been
for eleven months a gleam of CHRIST now
finds its way into their hearts and in
dines them to good will toward men
All now find pleasure in doing those
things which the Savior approved and ex
horted to All delight t make others
happier allfindpleasureln softening pain
in smoothing the roads which are rough t
the lame and weary in alleviating the suf
fering of the afflicted in all good deeds
The generous chords in our natures are
now touched and the sweetest music of
the year comes forth filling the air with
the CHRIST refrain Peace good will to
ward men I the good of one day could
save the world the human family would be
aved by the deeds of every Christmas
And this suggests a query but not a
homily I is no time for the latter There
must be merriment the rejoicing must go
on there must be no interference with the
flow of the spirit which prompts to so
much goodnessso much generosltyso much
charity on this day Ho would be worse
than a heathen who would make
Christmas less the sweet and glorious oc
casion that it is or deprive i of the least
of its admirable characteristics here
can be neither danger nor harm in asking
why some of the spirit of Christmas cannot
be retained and carried through the year I
Dont be alarmed We are not going to
sermonize It is not preaching to suggest
that if while taking nothing from the day
we all would carY something of the
Christmas influence in our lives through
the weeks through the months through
the years it would be better for us as in
dividuals and far better for us as i com
munity fs there not need for this 1 Is
there not occasion in our everyday life for
the exercise of that spirit of charity Incul
cate by CHRIST and which inclines us to
each other on this great natal day
I we were to talk and act peace
in all the dais of the year
would not this our little world of I
Utah be a brighter and more lovelj
abiding place I we were to show good
will toward men in all the weeks of the
fifty two as we do in the one what a
charming home for man this would be
The asperities and acerbities are smoothed
and softened today and we are the hap
pier for it why not smooth and soften them
tomorrow and next week and next month
and continue the happier condition Our
charity need not necessarily be confined
to Christmas nor docs charity consist
solely in giving as so many infer The
word has another and a better meaning
I is charity to be considerate of others
overlooking their faults forgiving their
mistakes and condoning their offenses it
s charity to show kindness to manifest
tenderness to exercise beneficence to
display good will it is charitj to
help others to be better I is not
charity to drive others to conform to
your wishes and by force make them
subject t our will I is not like
JURIST to demand that jour neighbors
snail see eje to eye with you and walk
in the path marked for the guidance of
jour feet and in the event of failure to
complj with that demand to make war
upon them bringing them to sorrow and
grief I is the reverse of charitable for
the strong triumph over the weak it is
not CHRISTLIKC to take advantage of cir
cumstances to oppress the helpless The
spirit of Christmas is that spirit which
contemplates the brotherhood of man each
dealing fairly even chantabl with all
others in all things and every one recog
nizing in everybody else a brother or sister
entitled to all the rights and privileges
and consideration which the Almighty in
tended should be held and enjoyed bj his
earthly family
THE HERALD does not expect that the
Christmas spirit in all its olume of good
ness and charity will continue through the
year but we do hope that the sweet essence
now distilled will be so strong that some
of its influence will bo felt during the corn
ing months bringing more of love more of
peace more of prosperitj more of unitj to
the community and inspiring in the hearts
of all our Utah readers a desire and deter
mination that next Christmas shall find
us a better people shall find us working
together more harmoniously for mutual
benefit and shall find us more charitable
towards each and enjoying more of the
dtvine spirit which came upon earth with
the birth that gave us this greatest of man
kinds anniversaries
THE YEAR
In a material or financial sense the peo
ple of Utah have no occasion to quarrel
with 1SS9 The dying year has been one of
the most prosperous in the history of the
territory In looking back over the twelvemonths
months one can recall enough in the waj of
achievements to fairlj astonish him and if
he will take the time to cartf ully scan the
pages of THE CHRISTMAS HERALD he will
find that which will occasion further sur
prise and intensify his wonder He will
here learn that from the beginning of the
year there has been remarkable if not unparalleled
paralleled activity in industrial and finan
cal matters that the effort has been put
forth and been rewarded and that
prosperity > has steadily attended on all
sides We do not now specially refer to
the great activity in real estate Indeed
in our opinion much that has been going
on in land transactions lately we cannot
regard as healthy nor can we speak of it
a indicating solid and substantial business
such as the farseeing clearheaded men
of the community take delight in and are
pleased to note No matter how numerous
or > how gigantic the transactions may be
buying and selling land for speculation are
not beneficial t the public nor to the city
Only individuals are helped or hurt and
the public has no concern in these things
The man who pays 500 for a lot and
erects on it a house costing 1000
docs more for the city than a dozen
men who successively buy a lot each
paying therefor 1000 more than his
predecessor paid the land all the time
lying unoccupied and unimproved Specu
lators may keep on selling and buying land
eternally but if they do nothing more thej
will bring no prosperity
The prosperity to which THE HERALD
refers and in which it takes pride is repre
sented by something more substantial
than frequent changes of ownership of
land titles I is seen in the majestic and
costly business blocks which have gone up
during the year in the numerous dwelling
houses which have been built and which
arc found in every ward on every street
and on verj nearly every block in the city
in the fact that in all the building indus
tries and trades from brick making and
tone quarrving to hod carrj ing there has
been almost unprecedented activity in the
circumstance thdt our financial institu
tons have found profitable employment
for their ligitimate functions in the other
fact that merchants and traders re
port a remarkable volume of busi
ness and unusually easy collections
and prompt payment and above all in the
fact that the masses the laboring people
have been employed The supplj of labor
has not been equal t the demand nobody I
who was willing and able to work
has gone idle and in most instances
the men have found employment In their
own trades Wages have also been fair
somewhat higher than heretofore and as a
rule have been promptly paid contract
ors and employers generally having the
money t meet their obligations as they
ell due There is nc better proof of pros
perity nor is there a more gratifying cir
jumstaiice in the industrial economy of a
community than the steady employment
at just wages of those who depend upon
oil for a living A community will always
be in good condition when all its members
arc at work and all are getting fair pay for j 1
=
their labor It has been the condition
of Salt Lake city and of Utah territory
during the present year
I is also true that industrial enterprise
of a productive character andmanufactur
ing undertakings have succeeded amnz
ingly many of them far bejond
the expectations of their managers
The mills which have heretofore
made no money or betn run at a
loss have in 1S89 been operated at
a profit factories which have struggled
along and been unremunerative are now
aong unremuneratve
making money and returning something
for the investment The mines also have
seemingly imbibed the spirit and without
noise or bluster have been yielding extra
streams of their treasure while new
ledges have been uncovered and made productive
ductive in the field of
ductve Only feld agriculture
has there been depression and from the
few complaints which come from the
farmers we are inclined to think that the
long and severe drouth was less disastrous
in its ffects than there was at one time
reason to believe it would be
In the matter of public health the year
has been exceptional there having been
nothing which could be designated as a
contagion and there was far less sickness
contgon
than usual
The year has certainly been an extra
ordinarily prosperous one and the pros
perity has been genuine and substantial
Whatever of fault that is found must be
with other than material matters for in
dustrially and financially ISbO has done
well by Salt Lake and Utah in truth has
been more generous than our people could
reasonably have expected it would be at
the beginning of the year
TIE OUTLOOK FOR 1890
I the year just drawing to a close has
been a posperous and progressive one for
Salt Lake city in particular and Utah ter
ritory in general the coming year is full
of hope and bright promise especially as
regards material matters It has been
pointed out in these pages with a degree
of definiteness that will be commended
what has been done here during the past
twelve months The attention of the
reader is directed to the excellent presen
tation of facts herewith made and then he
is asked to calmly and intelligently survey
the outlook Doing this he will necessar
ily agree with Tie HERALD which sajs
that marvelous as has been the advance of
the dying jear the pace has not been set
for the future
First among the great promises is that
glen by the elements in which the hus
bandman is interested Agriculture has
been and will be the basis of Utahs
prosperity and greatness While we
grow what we eat and produce what
we wear the community will be per
manent and materially safe as well
as independent Without our grain our
vegetables our wool and hides and our
meats all other industries combined active
and successful as they might be would not
bring the best prosperity as we under
stand the term Ours is essentially an
agricultural communitj I is agriculture
which peoples the plains acd valleys dots
the land from one end of the territory to
the other with cities towns villages
and hamlets establishes and maintains
happy homes and insures steady growth
and permanency to the population As
confirmation of this we need only refer to
those sections of tho interior west where
the tiller of the soil has been unable to es
tablish himself There are vast tracts in
Utah in Wyoming in Nevada in Arizona
and Idaho which are wildernesses
in widernesses to
day and will remain uninhabited bv man
through all time The soil cannot be made
to reply to the most earnest appeals of the
husbandman
Agriculture being the basis of our pros
perity we say the outlook is most pleasing
The most fruitful soil in this latitude is
barren waste when there is no water
watr
to give it life and vigor and with
plenty of water thin and weak hind
becomes productive The year lfaS9 was
probably the dryest during this goner
tion i so far as water for irrigation was
concerned For three winters the snows
in the mountains were light and soft providing
viding slight store of moisture for tho
summers needs and last winter as we all
al
too well recall the snowfall was insignifi
cant This scarcity followed by an absence
of rains during the irrigation season was
severe on the farmers and stock raisers
The winter has just set in and our reports
are to the effect that a sufficient water
suppy for 1890 is already assured so great
has been the early precipitation An
abundant yield of the products of the field
the garden and the range may be safely
counted upon Arrangements have bcen
made for bringing under cultivation much
larger area than has heretofore been
planted The system of canals and ditches
is being extended and made more compre
hensive and the result cannot fail to be
startling when account shall be taken of
next years harvest
In the field of mining which yields so
much to the aggregate wealth of the tern
tory and provides employment for so many
men not only as day laborers but in v a
rious industries the outlook is highly fat
ering Longago the wild cat and spec
ulative features of mining were eliminated
from the business and today the industry
is engaged in managed and conducted as
any other enterprise which yields regular
and profitable returns on the capital in
vested and the judgment skill and energy
displayed The speculative element hay
ing departed we know what we are doing
and can count with reasonable definiteness
on the results of efforts The managers of
the principal mines know very nearly as
veil what will be the yield three or six
months in advance as the proprietors of
mercantile establishments or the owners
of mills and factories know so far ahead i
the outcome of their operations Thus we
can say that the mining outlook promises
much better than it did a year ago The
old properties are being worked systemat
ically and their returns vary little But
several ledges have been opened during
the autumn and are now beginning to find
the list of producers It is
places in lst I predicted
dicted that next years output of the pro
lous metals and of lead and copper will
ie some millions greater in value than has
this years product This means the em
ployment of more men the distribution of
more money and a higher degree of com
munity prosperity
There can be little doubt that 1890 will be
characterized by great activity in railroad
building Already work has begun on
railway projects which will involve the ex
enditure of some millions before the end
of next year and the reasonable expecta
ton is that one ormore of the road coming
in this direction will enter the territory
and make more or less progress towards
this city before the end of the season Few
enterprises bring greater temporary pros
perity to a community than railway con
traction a large proportion of the money
expended being scattered among the people
and going directly into the local business
As to Salt Lake city it is settled beyond
question that the year upon which we are
entering will be full of activity of develop
ment of progress and of the expenditure of
money The tide of immigration which set
in sometime ago steadily increases the do
i mand fn labor grows and it is lobe
feared will go beyond the suoph nauv in
dustrial entei puses involving the expeudi
ture of money are projected and new busi
ne ses are being established But the in
dustry which is mrst active and will
continue so throughout the year is that
of building Astonishing as have been
the achievements in this direction during
ISS9 the coming year promises double
what this has brougit Contracts haro
been awarded s the architects say for
the erection of buildings next year which
will require more brick more stone more
materials generally than were used in 18s9
and jet people have scarcely begun to
think of building With the quarries vig
orously worked with brick kilns in opera
tion the lumber and woolworking mills
running the foundries and iron works
never idle and mechanics and laborers
emp oyed at fair wages material prosper
Ity for Salt Lake is assured
TiE HERALD sees in the industrial
horizon but one thing suggestive of evil
and that is the indication of a boom
I cannot be denied tha there is
such indication I is probable that
our conservative farseeing property
owning people will be able to stave
it off and defeat it and that should be
their effort The labors of the wise
and of those who are permanent resi
dents should and doubtless will be to
eliminate speculation from our affairs
and minage and direct the industrial
activity which is upon us in proper
channels We cannot have too much
of a boom which is characterized by
the expenditure of money for wisely em
ployed labor for brick stone and mortar
for mills and actones for lastn improve
which ides labor
ments for anything w provide
for the working class and for the develop
ment of useful resources Let our progress
be swift as it mayand it now promises astounding
founding rapiditj so long as the advance
marked by the safetj and security and
solidity which have been a feature
of Salt Lakes growth and inven this
city an enviable reputation throughout the
length and breadth of the land Let us
take advantage of the spirit of develop
ment of progress and of enterprise which
seems to pervade the very atmosphere
b it do not let us permit that spirit
to take advantage of us and lead
us into ways that are reckless and
desperate for the reckoning must
come this world being a great evener
There is nothing to fear if we are wise but
i we shall lose our heads as so manj
western communities have done there will
be everything to fear
TiE HERALD sees much that is bright
and encouraging in the coming year and
we expect the close o 190 will bring a
verification of the predict on that the year
will be perhaps the most prosperous in the
history of Utah
THE HERALD PRIZES
Periodically TiE HERALD has offered
monej prizes for stories poems and special
articles on designated subjects Ourobject
in this has been twofoldto obtain forthe
patrons of this paper the verj best matter I
to be had and to excite and encourage literary
erarj ambition among the people The re
sults of our efforts have been entirely sat
isfactorj to the editorsandpublishers and
we believe to the public For THE CHRIST
MAS HER VLD prizes amounting to several
hundred dollars were offered the largest
one I5for the best historical sketch of
Utah There were but three competitors
for this and we regret to announce that
none of the papers sent in could be re
garded as satisfying the conditions or as
possessing sufficient merit either as historical
torical sketches or as literary efforts to en
title them to publication This failure is
much more grievous t TIE HERALD than
it can possibly be to the writers of the arti
des for we had confidently counted on an
excellent concise history of this territory
I was a little surprising to us that the
winner of the Christmas story prize 75
and the 25 for the best Christmas poem
should be the same person as it is not often
the case that the composer of good poetry
writes good prose Mr A M KARK the
winner of both prizes is one of the few so
gifted his story The Hero of Greenocks
Head being a cleverly conceived admir
ably constructed charmingly written and
delightfully entertaining romance while
his poem Christ and the Mother is a gpm
The author our readers and TUE HERALD
are all to be congratulated
And this brings us to the point where ve
can say what should perhaps have been
said several days ago at the time of the an
nouncement of the decision of the gentle
men who awarded the prizes for the storj
and poem These gentlemen found such
merit in another story and in another poem
that they suggested second pizes and the
publication of The Laurel Branch which
it turned out was from the pen of Miss
EMMA McCoRMcx and In Manj Fanes
a poem by Miss JoscrniNE SPENCER a lady
somewhat known to the readers of
this paper THE HERALD hearty adopted
the suggestion and offered as second prizes
respectively 25 and 10 which were ac
cepted by the ladies and the storj and
poem appear in THE CHUISTM HERALD
Mr KARR was unknown to us until a few
days ago when forming his acquaintance i I
It was learned that he is a mhn of letters
not unknown to the literary columns of
newspapers of the east and west and to the
pages of the better class of American mag
azines The other competitors therefore
need not grieve over their failure secure
prizes as they were amateurs in a contest
with a professional so to speak THE
HERALDS aim and desire as remarked
above being to encourage to literary effort
and inspire ambition in our citizens to
writewe congratulate Miss McCoit ICK and
Miss SPENCER as all our readers will do
on the excellence of their work and by way
of further appreciation and encouragement
hereby double the prizes heretofore
awarded them40 to the writer of the
story and 20 to the author of the poem
We do this in the hope that they will con
tinue to write also with the view to en
couraging others of our young people to
literary effort and because we regard the
reductions of these young ladies as worth
the money
We regret to say there were no competi
tors for the oO offered for the best article
on mining important as that industry is
and deeply interested in it as are so many
of our educated men
JUDGE ANDERSON AND MORMON TREASON
Some of the most important questions
that have arisen under the constitution and
laws of the United States have grown out
of Mormonism Questions of individual
liberty of the right t property of equal
protection under the laws have been of
frequent occurrence in the history of the
Morons
For this reason i for no other the judici
aryof Utah should composed of men of
more than average learning ability and
character What our experience has been
all old residents know what it must have
been all people must know who consider
the fact that successful and therefore
able men are unwilling to leave the homes
where they have established themselves
to begin anew in some other field par
ticularly where the inducement to an
hrneot man is a poor and inadequate
saary
But legal difficulties are cot the only
o ies The local ituation presents difilcul
ties of a social nature in the administration
of the law A federal judge upon his ar
rival becomes encased in antiMormon
piejudicefc he reads an unscrupulous and
pa tisan sheet his associates are Gentiles
MonnoLs he meets seldom and onlj casu
ally he is told and believes that to en
courage the social attention of Mormons is
to incur Gentile critIcism ofnciallj and per
haps ostracism socially he lives in an
atmosphere of anti Mormonism he is soon
poisoned bj its noxious influences he
drinks great draughts of prejudice at the
I very fountain head of aati Mormonism
I Under these circumstances it would be
indeed a great and just judge who could
untie the Knotty problems of the law with
I out calling to his aid the keen edge of the
snoid of prejudice
We frankly confess that we believe
Judge ANDERSON to possess few of those
hightr qualities demanded by the situation
He came to us without reputation as a law
yer and without experience as a judge he
had it is true reached considerable prom
inence as a politician in his native state
but mere politicians are scarcely the stuff
of which jurists should be made In ex
pressng the opinion that Judge ANDERSON
is a weak man we express we believe the
almost unanimous opinion of the territorial
bar To be convinced of that fact how
ever one need go no further than his re
cent opinion in one of the most important
cases that has come before the courts of
this territory
I His decision in the naturalization case is
characterized bj a flippancy of statement
an absence of logic or even attempted logic
by a dearth of reason so marked that he who
runs may read between the lines the super
it ficial character of the judge who delivered
As an illustration of the looseness per
vading the decision we would call atten
tion to several of his statements He says
BRIGHAM YOUNG was the first gov ercor of
the territory and for years resisted all at
tempts of the authorities to install the pro
per officers for the carrying on of the ter
ritorial government unless men of his own
selection should be appointed He claimed
the right to say who the officers of the ter
ritory should be and the President the
of
United States finally found it necessary to
send an army to Utah I is no doubt true
that BitiGiUM YOUNG and the Mormons
claimed the right to have their officers se
lected from among residents of the terri
tory but is there anything treasonable or
unAmerican in wishing to be governed by
people of your own choice
I is equally true that BRiouiv YOCNO
and the Mormons criticised the corrupt
actions of many of the early carpetbag
who infested this territory that was
their privilege But we deny that it was
because they represented the dignity of the
United States government and assert that
Judge ANDERSONS statement that BRIO
HAM YOUNG for j ears resisted all attempts
to install proper officers is a false state
ment neither justified bj the history
nor the evidence in the case And
we further assert that the sending
of an armj to Utah was an indefensi
ble act prompted by malicious men
whose statements leading thereto have
been disprov and are generally recog
nized to be false It is a matter of undis
puted history that when the Mormons
fled with astonishment and apprehension
heard of the approach of the troops they
did not go out to fight them they simplj
exercised the right inherent in all men of
holding an adversary at arms length until
an understanding be reached Not a
shor was fred by the Mormons on the con
trary their commanders were under the
most solemn instructions not to kill a man
or fire a shot to do nothing except t pre
vent the entrance of the army and its ac
companying rabble of apostate Mormons
and irresponsible camp followers who ap
proached Utah singing songs and swearing
oaths of persecution until the situation
might be explained and harmonized by
other means than an army
It was at this time by the waj when
provoked by the unjustifiable assault made
upon the lives and liberties of the Mor
mon people that denunciations of the gov
ernment were made which are quoted by
the judge and which composed almost the
entire case for the objectors so far as al
leged treasonable utterances are concerned
The criticisms too were uniformly dl
reeled not against this form of govern
ment but against the hasty and unpro
yoked acts of its officials
A prayer by President WOODRUFF in
which the Almighty is supplicated to
break this nation in pieces unless it shall
repent of its sins its wickedness and its
abominations is heralded as an example of
treason
The judge seize with avidity upon the
testimony that an American flag was drag
ged in the dust from the tail end of a
wagon at the end of a procession and en
tirely fails to mention the claim of the
defense that it was purely an accident if
true and the evidence offered that an
American flag was carried upright at the
head of that same procession
He seize that it vv ill perhaps never be
known whether such lauguage as the
above quoted by him instigated the
Mountain Meadow massacre or whether
that horrible butchery was done by direct
command of BRIGHAM YOUNG We give
the judge credit for not being aquamted
with the facts in the case which are that
BRIGHAM YOUNG deplored and denounced
I that dastardly deed as soon as he heard it
I that he offered United States officials
assistance everj way to punish its per
petrators that finally when the chief
criminal was brought to justice Mr SUM
NER HOWARD the United States attorney
said in his final argument that not one word
of evidence had been adduced connecting
the Mormon authorities in any way with
the crime and he might have added not
withstanding the fact that everj effort
was made to incriminate them therein
The fact that on the Fourth of July iSIS
flags were displayed at half staff on num
ber of public and private buildings I Salt
Lake Citj is another conclusive proof of
treason The explanation was made to the
jndge that this act was intended as an evi
dence of sorrow for departing liberties
this view of the case the judge refuses to
entertain because the evidence fails to
show that crape or any emblem of sorrow
was displayed and for this reason he
insists that there can be no question that
the act was intended as an insult to
the flag
The objection to certain applicants for
citizenship was that they had taken an
oath or obligation Incompatible with the
oath of citizenship they would be required
to take if admitted The court found
that the evidence sustained the charge
The evidence consisted of the testimony
of eleven witnesses for the
winesses objectors and
that of fourteen witnesses for the appli
cant the witnesses for the objectors were
all apostates from the Mormon church a
very important fact not deemed to be
worthy of mention by the judge while the
witnesses for the applicants were mem
bers of the Mormon church with the
exception of two who are apostates
The former witnesses claimed to tel
it all but the variations between their stor
t
ies reflect upon their veracity Two of
their witnesses claimed to be their most
reputable swore that the United States
government nation or people were not
mentioned in the endowment ceremonies
these witnesses however Messrs CAHOON
and LAWRENCE undertake to suppose
that the government wa included within
the alleged oath to avenge the blood of the
prophets As to the others of the eleven
one claimed that vengeance was to be
visited upon this nation another upon
this government and all its people another
on this nation and its officers from the
highest to the lowest and so on with
other very suspicious variations not deemed
to be worthy judicial notice or men
tion Several of the witnesses for the
objectors were completely impeached on
the trial another unimportant fact
not worthy of consideration Most of
the witnesses for the applicants de
clined t reveal the precise formula of
the endowments but denied in as many
ways as they could in answer to the ques
tions of counsel that there was any
such oath or covenant as that con
tended for or any obligation in any
manner open to construction as treasona
ble or incompatible with citizenship Some
of the witnesses went so far as to indicate
that all there is in the ceremony is said ia
a lecture in which the 9th and 10th verses
of the sixth chapter of Revelations are
quoted
These gentlemen would not reveal the
formula because of a covenant not to dis
close the secrets of the ceremony The affi
I davitsof ELI B KELSEYand the testimony
of E L T HARRISON apostate Mormons
were offered in support of the fact that
there is absolute nothing in the cere
mony that can fairy be construed into
treason or that is incompatible with good
citizenship Such was the testimony upon
that alone no fair man should no fair man
in fact will hesitate to absolve the Mormon
people from treason so far as the endow
ment ceremonies are concerned The
judges position that the failure of the
Mormon witnesses to divulge the precise
words of the ceremony is almost con
elusive proof that they are treasona
ble would prove a Mason to be a
man sworn to commit murder if
by reason of sworn secrecy he should
hesitate at revealing the precise char
acter of Masonic penalties But in ad
dition to this evidence was the failure
of evidence on the part of the objectors
though they were challenged to produce i
that any effort had ever been made by the
Mormon church or people or by any Mor
mon to avenge the blood of the prophets
upon this nation or any official or inhabi
tant of this countrythls fact alone is conclu
sive of the controversy but isof course un
worthy the attention of the learned judge
The objectors farther asserted that Mor
mons who have not gone through the En
dowment house are not fit to become cit
zeus because the church is treasonable in
its teachings and practices and disobedient
to the laws of this countrj
The judge thought the charge of treason
to be established bj proof of sermons
preached when hostile force was approach
ing this territory bj expressions of be
lief that anupoljgamy legislation was
wrong by prayers such as described by
the half masting of the flag because of un
just laws and oppressive officials and by
one or two other circumstances of an
equally harmless nature The utter
ances of Mormon officials have all
been put in print and they are
brought now under entirely changed cir
cumstances in judgment upon that peo
ple Ho v few men there are who would
wish to have the words of today quoted
upon them tomorrow or in their calmer
moments to be confronted with expressions
made in angeor or excitement The judge
sums up the objectionable teachings of the
Mormon church as follows First That
this is the actual church of God in embrjo
SecondThat it is both temporal and
spiritual and should rightfully control
Third That it will overthrow the United
States and all governments Fourth
That blood atonement is of God and that
certain sins maj be remitted by shedding
the blood of the transgressor Fifth
That polygamy is true and brings exalta
tion Sixth That Congress has no right
to interfere with the Mormon religion and
its anti polygamy laws are unwarranted
The judge only claims that these things
are taught
Should a man be denied the right of citizenship
zenship in this country because of his
belief if his life has been blameless I
may be true that the Mormons entertain
opinions similar to those enunciated by the
judge but have they ever sought to
establish the kingdom of GOD by force
s it treasonable to believe that the king
dom of GOD will be established or
to believe that we owe allegiance to this
kingdom in temporal affairs so long as we
obej the laws of this countrj Is it
treasonable t believe that certain offenses
can only be remitted by blood atonement
when no one attempts and not a single in
stance can be cited where any Mormon has
sought to blood atone anyone I it
criminal to believe that polygamy is right
if you do not practice it or to entertain
the view that Congress has overstepped it
units in special legislation against the
Morons The honesty frugality virtue
temperance and general worth of Mormons
as citizens and the excellence of Mormon
teachings in general were undisputed
There was no allegation that the Mor
mons in any respect save one are not
lawabiding As to poloygamy it WIt
admitted during the investigation that not
more than one man in twenty of the
population is in polygamy Whatever may
be the teachings of the Mormon church
the Mormon people are lawabiding and
industrious the pioneers of this vast inter
mountain region Either Judge ANDERSON
is wrong in his conclusion that the teach
ings of the Mormon church are pernicious
or he is wrong in his conclusion that
Mormons yield a paramount allegiance to
those teachings There was no proof
there was indeed no claim that Mormon
monogamists are not a meritorious and
law abiding class of citizens Polyg
amists being disfranchised were not
in question before the court The facts
are all against the judge The ob
jectors having entirely failed to show
lawless actions the court was com
pelled to assert belief as a sufficient ground
of exclusion It seems strange that in
this free country under a constitu
tion that abhors religious tests and
disqualification for belief a mans alleged
belief should be sufficient ground fcr de
nj mg bun the substantial right of citizen
ship a right guaranteed to every man pos
sessmg the statutory qualifications and
which is in no sense a privilege to bo
granted or withheld at the capricious dis
cretion of a judge Such conduct is appro
priately denounced and distinguished in
the following extract from MACAULATS
essay on the civil disabilities of the Jews
The true distinction Is perfectly obvious To
punish a man because he has committed a
crime or because he Is believed though un
justly to have committed a crime Is not perse
cutlon To punish a man because we Infer from
the nature of some doctrine which he holds or
from the conduct of other persons who
hold the same doctrines with him that he will
commit a crime Is persecution and is In every
case foolish and wicked
MANIFESTO
SALT LAKE Cur Dec 12th 1SS9
To WHOM IT MAT CONCERN
In consequence of gross misrcpreseiita
lions of the doctrines alms and practices of
the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day
Saints commonly called the Mormon
Church which have been promulgated for
years and have recently been revived for
political purposes and to prevent all aliens
otherwise qualified who are members of
the Mormon Church from acquiring citi
zenship we deem it proper on behalf cf
said Church to publicly deny these calum
nies and enter our protest against
them
We solemnly make the following declar
ations viz
That this church views the shedding of
human blood with the utmost abhorrence
That we regard the killing of a human
being except in conformity with the civil
law as a capital crime which should be
punished by shedding the blood of the crim
inal after a public trial before a legally
constituted court of the land
Notwithstanding all the stories told
about the killing of apostates no case of
this kind has ever occurred and of course
has never been established against the
church we represent Hundreds of
seceders from the church have
continuously resided and now live in
this territory many of whom have
amassed considerable wealth though bit
terly opposed to the Mormon faith and
people Even those who made it their
business to fabricate the vilest falsehoods
and to render them plausible bj culling
isolated passages from old sermons with
out explanatory context and have suf
fered no opportunity to escape them of vil
ifying and blackening the characters of the
people have remained among those whcm
they have thus persistently calumniated
until the present day without receiving
the slightest personal injury
We denounce as entirely untrue the alle
gation which has been
made that our
church favors or believes in the killing of
persons who leave the church or apostatize
from its doctrines We would view a pun
ishment of this character for such an act
with the utmost horror it is abhorrent to
us and is in direct opposition to the fundamental
mental pnn iples of our creed
The revelations of God to this church
make death the penalty for capital crime
and require that offenders against life and
property shall be delivered up and tried by
the laws of the land
We declare that no bishops or other >
court in this church claims or exercises
civil or judicial j functions or the right to
supersede annul or modify a judgment of
any civil court Such courts while estab
lished to regulate Christian conduct are
purely ecclesiastical and their punitive
powers go no further than the suspension
or excommunication of members from
church fellowship
That this church while offering advice
for the welfare of its members in all condi
tions of life dses not claim or exercise the
right to interfere with citizens m the free v
exercise of social or political rights and
privileges The ballot m this territory is ab
solutely untrammeled and secret No r
mans business or secular affairs are in
v by the church or any of its officers
Free agency and direct individual account
ability to God are among the essentials of
our church doctrine All things in the
church must be done by common consent
and no officer is appointed without the vote
of the body
We declare that there is nothing in the
ceremony of the endowment or m any doc
trine tenet obligation injunction of this
church either private or public which is
hostile or intended to be hostile to the gov
ernment of the United States On the con
tinny its members are under divine com
mandment to revere the constitution as a
heaven inspired instrument and obey as su
preme all laws made m pursuance of its
provisions
Utterances of prominent men in the
church at a time of great excitement have
been selected and grouped to convey the
Impression that present members are sedi
tious Those expressions were maths more
than thirty years ago when through the
falsehoods of recreant officials afterwards
demonstrated to be
baseless troops were
sent to this territory and wero viewed
by the people in their isolated con
dition fifteen hundred miles from rail
roads as an armed mob coming to renew
the bloody persecutions of years before
At that time excitement prevailed anofe
strong language was used but no words of 1j
disloyalty against the government or its in
stitutions were uttered public speakers
confined their remarks to denouncing trait
orous officials who were prostituting the
powers of their positions to accomplish ne
farious ends Criticism of the acts of
United States officials was not considered
then neither is it now as treason
against the nation nor as hostility
to the government In tnis connection
we may say that the members of
our church have never offered or intended
to offer any insult to the flag of our
country but have always honored it as the
ensign of laws and liberty v
We also declare that this church does not
claim to be an independent temporal king
dom of God or to be an imperium in imperio
aiming to overthrow the United States or
any other civil government It
has been organized by divine revela
tion preparatory to the second advent of
the Redeemer It proclaims that the
kingdom of heaven is at hand Its mem
bers are commanded of God to be subject
unto the powers that be until Christ comes
whoso right it is to reign
Churcu government and civil gov erment
are distinct and sepirate in our theory and
practice and we regard it as part of our
destiny to aid in the
in maintenance and per
petuity of the institutions of our country
We claim no religious liberty that wear
unwilling to accord others f
Wo ask for no civil or political rights
which are not granted and guaranteed to
citizens in general
Wo desire to be in
in harmony with the gov
ernment and people of the United States as
an integral part of the nation
We regard all attempts to exclude aliens
from naturalization and citizens from the
exercise of ho elective franchise solely
because they are members of the Mormon
church as impolitic unrepublican and dan
Serous encroachments upon civil and reli
gious liberty
Notwithstanding the wrongs we consider
we have suffered through the
improper ex
ecution of national laws we regard those
wrongs as the acts of men and not of the
government and we intend by the help of
Omnipotence to remain firm in our fealty
and steadfast in the maintenance of consti
tutional principles and the integrity of this
republic
We earnestly appeal to the American
press and people not to condemn the Lat
ter day Saints unheard Must we always
be judged by the
misrepresentations of our
enemies and never be accorded a fair op
portunity of representing ourselves
In the name of justice reason and hu
manity we ask for a suspension of VJa
tional and popular judgment until avTull
investigation can be had and all the facts
connected with what is called the Mor
mon question can be known And we ap
peal to the Eternal
Judge of all men and
4

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