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The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, January 04, 1891, Image 11

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I d I
ro THE SALT LAKE HEBAXt SinvTDAT JANUARY 4 1891SIXTEEN PAGES 11
f
SOCIETY IN LU1Ath
As It Was Found by Mrs Fannie
B Ward
VOLUNTEERS IN THE ARMY
female Soldiers and Their ChildrenSome
Details of Etiquette of South
America
LIMA Peru Dec 41S90 Special cor
respondence of THE HIRALDIn those
parts gaily bedizzened military men are as
numerous as flies in midsummer averag
ing about one brassmounted warrior to
every ten common ones While the rank
and lile of the Peruvian army is almost ex
usively made up of Indians and negroes
the line and staff represent some of the best
families in the republic All the officersv
are sons of the aristocracy who have been
educated to their vocation in the various
military schools They wear extremely
gaudy uniforms with plenty of scarlet
loth gold lace and brass buttons and are
never seen in anything but full military
dress off duty or on A Spaniard what
ever his station in life is
PROUD TO WEAll A SWORD
but nothing can induce him to carry a mus
ket This prejudice of caste was strongly
exemplified a few years ago in the defense
ci Lima against the Chilian army when
doctors lawyers merchants priests
everybody regardless of calling or condi
tion rushed into the ranks much as did
citizens of the United States in 1SG1 but
not a mothers son ot them could be coaxed L
or compelled to put on uniform They were 1
glad to light in defense of their homes and I
cuntry but refused to be degraded by
wearing the toggery of common soldiers
Tne Indians constitute the infantry and
being accustomed from childhood to travel
on foot in the mountainous interior they
have acquired wonderful rapidity and en
durance on the march With each com
pany of soldiers there goes a squad of
women who are called rabonasa dozen of
them to every twenty or thirty men These
female volunteers serve without pay but
are given rations and free transportation
for the government not only tolerates but
encourages their presence as it serves to I
MAKE THE MEX MOKE CONTENTED
They are really of much service on the
march in camp and in tjattle They share
tho sauio fatigues and exposures as their
lords and masters besides doing most of
the foraging for tile messes to which they
belong not to mention the cooking wash
ing and other necessary work They are
always with the men are officially enumer
ated in the rosters of troops as also in the
reports of casualtiesso many men and so
many rabonas killed and wounded for
they share the soldiers death as uncom
plainingly as thev do his privation In
battle they nurse the wounded carry water
and ammunition rob the dead and per
form any other useful service that may be
required
The custom of allowing rabonas to go
with the army grew of the habit the Incas
bad of taking their wives to war but as
time went on the martial ties among this
class became lessened by common consent
The rabonas of today are not much like
Mama Della their ancestress who in
structed the Indian women of the olden
time in the arts of spinning weaving sew
ing and the care of children for they sewa
about the most miserable and degraded
specimens one can find hardly a degree
aoove
TilE DOGS WITH WHICH THET SLEEP
Among them the ceremony of marriage is i
almost unknown but they have virtues
nevertheless not least being cheerfulness
under difficulties and faithfulness unto
death Their powers of endurance are ex
traordinary Often they have to march
twenty or thirty miles between da light 1
and dark many of them carrying babies on
their backs There is hardly a company I
without a score of youngstprs following a A
the heels of the rabonas The children o Af
the regiment have the hardest time being
homeless from birth as well as nameless
generally without rest or shelter and often
without food When one of them dies on
the march the mother strips off the rags
and throws the poor little body into the
sand or leaves it under a treeglad to be r ei i
lieved of the encumbrance
The Peruvian soldiers are all volunteers
because as in most republics conscription is i
forbidden by law But the way they vol I
unteer is unique When more soldiers
fr arc needed men are sent out who capture
Indians wherever they canat their homes i
on the highway or in the cbichareas
These aro locked up until there are enougn
to send to headquarters when they an
taKen before the proper recruiting officer
and
rAnt TO SIGN A STATEMENT
to tho effect that they volunteer to serve
their country as long as she may need them
Of course they cannot read and sign b y
making a cross but thus the laws demand
are satisfied A dozen or more volun
teers are then lashed together each hav
ing his hands tied behind him and they an
driven to the garrison like sheep to a
slaughterhouse Uniforms are put on
them muskets given them and they arc
turned over to the tender mercies of a drill I
sergeant who puts them through the sim 1 I
plest tactics until they at least know bow
to carry a gun and lire it
On this subject Mr W E Curtis says
I saw a drove of about 150 of these vorun 1
teers come into Lima one day tied up like
chickens or turkeys in bunches of ten each
with an escort of twenty men who them
selves had probably gone through the sam
process of volunteering a year cr so before
and seemed rather to enjoy the remon
strances of conscripts Behind the col 1
umn came seventyfive or more women
weeping and chattering and some of them
bad children tugging at their skirts The
women could stay with their husbands
they liked and become rabonas and proba
bly most of them aid
THE LIMA PENITENTIARY
which by the way was built by a Philadelphia
phia architect on the plan of the Philado
phia house of correction contains at
one hundred and fifty prisoners who a re
serving out life sentences for murder Th e
liberal overnment long ago abolished cap
ital punishment but political offenders an
still tried by military courts and shot whfet
adjudged guilty of conspiracy or treason
Hanging was never perpetrated in Peru
even in the darkest days of Spanish
cruelty The prisoners are mostly en
paged in making uniforms shoes and other
equipments for the army
Though Lima is surrounded by some most
romantic and inviting spots there seem
to be a universal indifference to ry
e life except during a certain season who
it is the custom of those who can afford it
to flock to Miraflores the Newport of
Peru or to make themselves uncomfortable
for sake of a little seabathing at Chorilloi
the local Long Branch There are plenty
of other places within short distances from I
the crowded ciiy which were it New York
Boston San Francisco Chicago or an
other North American metropolis would
be covered by suburban villas
PEOPLE DO NOT EVEN JuDE OUT
to these lovely spots for a breath of con in
try air but fashion confines itself to the
busy streets except on All Souls Day
when everybody promenades in the great
pantheon just outside the city limits and J
on the twentysecond day of June who I
the Ldmaian world proceeds to toe hill of
Amancaes to pick daffodils
Miraflores and Chorillos are both recov
ering slowly from the disasters of the war
3 which destroyed them almost completely
in 1883 Before that evil day their wealthy
residences rivaled those at Saratoga among
the Thousand Islands of the St Lawrence
or on the Hudson river most of them sur
rounded by beautiful gardens Through
sheer malicious vandalism regardless of
the rights of non combatants and in vio
lation of the laws of civilized warfare the
Chilian army created about as much devas
ation in this part of Peru wi orm
t
ca when he invaded tho homes of the
pe Incas Their lines of march were
sh own by the destruction of everything
hat would break or burn Towns villages
farms and factories were swept away by
th e use of dynamite and other explosives
through their vicious determination to do
as much injury as possible
EXQUISITE MARBLE STATUES
were scattered in fragments on the ground
hade trees that had been carefully irri
gated for a century or more were wantonly
girdled j fountains were broken irrigating
itches destroyed not only upon the
property of Peruvians but upon that of
foreigners whose claims now bsing pressed
pon the Chilian government for damages
amount to a very largo sum Many
flourishing sugar plantations were rendered
useless because the machinery by which
th ey were operated was broken in pieces
an d their owners arc too poor to buy more
mid to this day scores of farms and hacien
das remain untilled because their buildings
were burned and their laborers killed or
unscripted
In Lima the splendid trees of the parks
and boulevards even those of the botanical
gardens were chopped down for fuel by
Chilian soldiers the entire museum of
Peruvian curiosities one of tho largest of
its kind in the world was packed up and
hipped to Santiago The most valuable
coks of the national library including a
vast collection of old manuscripts Inquisi
tion relics and other priceless relics were
brown into sacks and sent after the mu
eum
USICAL INSTRUMENTS WERE HACKED IX
PIECES
b iy swords and axes historical paintingsm
ut from their frames and many smaller
ictures statues and articles of virtu were
carried oft as private plunder Perus great
st painting Marinis Burial of Atahu
Ipa the last of the Incas was stolen
from the walls where it hung but the pro
tests of the diplomatic corps finally induced
he Chilians to leave it Churches as well
a s private houses were stripped and what
ould not be destroyed or carried away
vas consumed by fire the purpose of the
nvcders being to deprive the Peruvians of
e verything they prized
But despite the present poverty of tho
old capital evidences of the refined taste of
its people in music and art are everywhere I
apparent Its aristocratic circles are extremely
remely exclusive and their social WB are
very rigid However rich or respectable a
oreign resident may be he finds it difficult i
t o obtain any sort of social standing among
his highest set but if he comes for a
emporary stay with good letters of intro
uction he will be received with cordial
lospitality and will be well entertained
This is especially true in regard to English I
and American ollicers who are in great de
mand at balls dinners etc whenever their I I
ships are in tile harbor for here as else
where the ladies have an especial liking
for gold lace and brass buttons I
SINCE THAT TERRIBLE WAR
here have been few publicballs and recep
ions and for the same reason poverty
here is not nearly so much display in dress i
and jewels as formerly However the gut
tel of gaud and gear is still dazzling on I
first nights at the opera and on other fiesta
occasions for the ladies of the present
generation inherited many splendid perns
f rom their fair ancestresses bought in the
olden days of Peru when money was
poured out like water From the same
source descended the priceless lace and the
rich oldfashioned fabrics one sees so much
of in Limaian best society which make
a nineteenthcentury senorita look as if
she had just stepped down and out of an old
minting
Those ancient social restrictions which
make it breach of decorum for a lady to
see a gentleman alone for a moment until 1
aft r marriage still prevail in Peru among
he upper classes and the numerous petty
conventionalities are as strongly marked as
i s the entire absence of all conventionality
among the lower orders For example a
gentleman has had repeated invitations to
call upon a certain family and some nne
day he goes In every case he must ask for
THE GENTLEMAN OF THE IIOCSli
01 it he is not at home the point may be
stretched to the extent of asking for the
elder brother should there be a grownup
oung man in the family If it happens
that both are absent the visitor must de
part at once leaving his card for the inas
tel of the casa and his verbal compliments
for the ladies but on no account must he
ask to see the latter If the father or
brother are at home they will welcome the
caller most hospitably One by one the
female members of the family will all drop I
in some music on harp piano or mandolin
will be beautifully rendered by the senori
tas who coquettish by nature and eager to
entertain and be entertained will e
eyas at the caller if he has the faintiest
approach to attractiveness about him tea
or chocolate with dulciss will bo served
and a most charming hour or two may be
spent
Peruvian cookery is an incongruous mix
ture of foreign and native styles tne latter
predominating at private meals the r
at all ceremonious repasts A dinnertable
custom which was once common and is not
yet entirely done away with even in proud
Lima is called the bocadita and is a rather
comical if not always entirely acceptable
demonstration of friendship or something
warmer It consists in selecting
A CHOICE MORSEL FROM YOUR OWN PLATE
and handing it on your fork to some lady
present who in her turn is privileged to
not only pay back the delicate compliment I
but to intensify it by taking a tidbit from
her own plate without the aid of a knife or
fork and presenting it to the gentleman
who has made the challenge he leaning
over the table and receiving it in his mouth i
from her fingers It used to be customary
in Peru on all occasions of formality for
the host and hostess to eat by themselves
immmediately before the banquet and then
during the prorress of the ceremonious re I
past to take nothing whatever though sit
ting one at each end of the table b6in sup
posed in that way to give their undivided
attention to the guests
Mr Knox in his Boy Travelers makes
Frank say in a letter to his mother We
cannot say much for the cookery of Lima
if we are to judge by what we have seen
One article that may be called a national
dish of Peru is known as puchero I hat <
obtained the receipt for you and here it is
Have a kettle according to your puchero
put into it a large piece of beef or mutton
some cabbage sweet potatoes salt pork
sausage pigs feet yucas bananas quinces
Irish potatoes pears peas and rice with
spices
SALT AND PLENTY OF RED PEPRERS
I Add sufficient water and stew the whole <
gently four or five hours then serve on a
I deep platter Puchero is patterned some
what after the olio podrido of Spain the
chowder of New England and the bouilla
I biasse of southern France but contain
more ingredients and more flavors than al
of them put together I cannot say that all
dislike it but could get along with it a
great deal better if they would put in less
red pepper
Another stew simpler than puchoro is
called chUpe a favorite breakfast dish but
not often served at dinner The lower
classes are fond of the hottest picantes
compounded of meat fish crabs meal po
tatoes bananas and red peppers mixed
with the juice of bitter oranges and stewed
inwater We have tasted the wonderful
mixture but could not get to a second
spoonful in consequence of the fiery nature <
or tho peppers Fred says they use a pound
of peppers to a pound of all the other in
I gredients water included Swallowing a
torchlight procession would be preferable
to a dinner of picantes Around the land
ingplace at Callao we saw women with lit
tie braziers of charcoal ladling out steam
ing picantes to tho laborers and idlers of
the port and were told that it is their only
article of food In the poorer parts of Lima
there is a picanteria every few yards and
each establisnment has its patrons among
workmen employed in the vicinity There
are many varieties of picantes each having
a distinct name but every one of them
redhot with peppers
FANNIE B WARD
A PHYSiCIANS OPINION
A M pau ding of Grand RapidsMicb
says prescribe Hibbards Rheumatic
Surup in my practice and unhesitatingly
recommend it It operates upon the liver
kidneys and bowels destroying the poison
in the blood and tissues It is a grand
tonic and appetiser and for a diseased
stomach or dyspepsia has no equal For
sale by Johnson Pratt Co
Freo delivery at the Bodega 19 Common
claistreet Telephone
1
p
Lipman Wallerstein Co
G IO Z > 31 SP Ii AY
I OF
j HOLIDAY NOVELTiES
AND
Useful Cbristmas Presents
DRESS GLOVES
Of Every Description
SILK MUFFLERS and EANDKESCHIEFS
Plain and Fancy
GENTS HOSE
Full Line Plain and Fancy
SCARFS and TIES
n
Of Every Style l
GENTS UNDERWEAR f >
Of Every Description w
FULL DRESS SHIRTS < A
Of the Latest Designs
r
SILK SHIRTS
Of Endless Variety I l t
FLANNEL SHIRTS
Exclusive Styles > < I
I
SILK UMBRELLAS
FANCY SILK VESTS
PRINCE ALBERT SUITS
h
CUTAWAY and SACK SUITS
OVERCOATS
Of Every Description
TAILORMADE PANTS
CHILDRENS SUITS AND OVERCOATS
And Many Other Novelties
LipmanJ 3 Wallerstein Cg
175 and 177 Main Street
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IEiiKA + mORRIS
Has a handsome line of
Wood Iron and Slate
g
ei lANTLES
LOO AND rnd41
Call and see the finest display in this line in the West
No 21 West South Temple ete
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OVEN DOORS
freerdci iHEja GBffiffiffiOEOIS
IP 2TOTJ TI BEST
Buy the CHARTER OAK
tile VXFFT < XXTT Ijgj O S2 oo
zJ C M I L Sole Agents Salt Lake Cifa
S
I
FERRY MINSTRELS
Queer Characters Who Make a
Living by TIe Wits
THE MONEY SOMETIMES EARNED
Musicians and Acrobats Coax Coin From the
Pockets of Passengers on New
York Ferries
Of the many curious classes of charities
in the vicinity of this city the ferryboat
ukirs come very near being the most in
teresting To the passengers and commu
ter on the numerous lines of ferries at
both sides of the city they have been a
source of amusement for many years
Probably the most interesting and wel
come character on the boats is an old negro
He begins operations with the rush of I
traffic at 5 oclock in the afternoon I
He takes a set in the rear of the mens
cabin and just after tho boat starts ho
walk into tho passageway between the I
two cabins and begins to whistle veryw
softly at first The Mocking Bird With
out a single break he finishes the air a
marvel of sweetness and simplicity Then
he begins it again This time alto louder I
and with variations
Old men put down their papers and lis
ten intently the conversation lsI
subdued and then ceases the boys leave I I
I
their seats and stand at the entrance to the
passageway but the old darky never stops
and all the time his wonderful exertion is
becoming more and more melodious
Finally he launches or into a series of
sweet toned notes and n look of mingled I
interest and admiration steals over the
faces of all within hearing distance Then I j 1
he drops back into the air again and the i
tune is finished very softly I
APPEALS TO WOMEN
The old negro then walks to the end
nego
of the cabin and holding his hat out bows I
low l and passes around the seats all the
time whistling some lively little tune in
terspersed with melodious variations The
nickel dimes and pennies rattle an accom
paniment to his music and his nightly col
lections l vary from S6 to S12 On Sunday j i
night he can be seen on the boats running I
from Cortlandt street and then he selects
the ladies side of tho boat Standing under
one of the chandeliers with his hat in his
oh
hand ho whistles Nearer My God to I
Thee and repeats with variations All
o f his selections on Sunday nights are pop Al j I
ular hymns and for his sweet and soulful
rendition of them ho is well repaid j
Lately the attention of the passengers i
has been attracted by a deformed boy who
works upon the different lines from early i
morning until late at night JJis entire j
left side is paralyzed shortening his leg
and drawing up his arm The side of his
face is also affected His clothing is poor
and scanty 1
When the boat is well out in the river
the boy enters the forward door of the i
ladys cabin and stand for a moment at I
the threshold apparently uncertain what
to do Then lie takes from aninside pocket
of his coat two lead pencils sharpened and
provided with rubbers Holding > these in
his perfect hand he limps slowly around in
front of the seats pausing a moment be1 I i
fore each passenger mutely asking them I
t buy t
His faceis I picture despair i and many I
dime rind nickel are dropped into his hand
Nine out of every ten passengers refuse n
pencil after they have given him alms but
if one is taken he continues his journey I
holding the remaining one out for sale
I that too happens to be taken the little
fellow dives down and brings out two
more from his inside pocket The little
scheme succeeds admirably and he does
not dispose of more than four or five pen
cils a day The boy is a professional beggar t
and under the eyes and training of his
father j I
ATHLETIC EATS j
Among the most interesting characters
are two brothers between the ages of 1
and 17 years As soon a the boat is well
on its trip they appear at one end of tho
cabin and one of them taking off his hat i
saysGentlemen
Gentlemen if you have not got any ob
jections we would like to entertain you for
a few moments Although we make our
living this way we only ask for what you
think we are worth
Both bow und with a quick movement
the younger lad puts his foot in his broth
ers hand and is thrown high into the air
Turning a back somersault he lands on his
feet on the floor Picking himself quickly
up he mounts on his brothers shoulders
and again turns backward to the floor
Three or four more combination feats of
this nature are accomplished when the
two boys stop for amoments rest and then
go at it again They turn forward and
backward somersaults leap to one anoth
ers shoulders and finally walk around the
cabin on their hands
During trips where the cabin is filled
they are roundly applauded for their work
and both live nicely from the collections
they make They have at different times
filled small engagements but they say I
there is i more money in the ferry boats for
them and besides they aro their owu masters
ters I
tersAnother
Another of the deserving characters is an
Irish boy who generally makes his appear
ance in the cabin with the following re I I
marks
Ladies and gentlemen if it will not
bother you too much Id like to give you a
little exhibition of dancing I will first
dance you an Irish reel and jig next a
clog next a shuffle and the last a wing
dance Please notice the different steps
Ho take a small harmonica from his
pocket and after tapping tho floor with
his foot begins his Irish jig As he changes
the music his steps and the style of dance
change and true to his word he ends with
the wing dance It is a clever piece of
work for playing quick jigs is not easy
especially when one dances to his own mu
sic Tho boys steps arc accurate and
light and he is frequently applauded and j I
well repaid for his work New York I I
World I
When n Woman Will I
A young wife who is just mastering tho
mysteries of housekeeping used more kin I
dling wood for her kitchen fire than her
husband liked to split and he decided to
prepare only a certain amount and to limit
her t what he thought a proper quantity I
The first time she ran short she promptly
dumped the familystock of clothespins I
ito make the muffins bake and sent out to
the grocers for 1 fresh supply A woman
can circumvent the poor worm man al
most any day in the weekand not half
try Springfield Homestead j
A Fit Subjc t
The Mesmerist Will some one who i
acquainted here kindly select 8 good sub
ject and ask him t step up i
Voice from the audienceYou dont
want a man of strong will power do you
Mesmerist No sir Just the opposite
Vpice Here bo i the pnly man in the
crowd who allows his wife to select his J
neckties lor him Clothier and Furnisher
I
1
A Fatality Averted I
The passenger on a Third avenue street
car recently were fjuddenly shaken nearly
off their seats bythe full stop of thecar I
Tic driver was seen t ge ticnlat wildly
r he put al his muscle into the brake
The conductor ran to the front platform
The horses were seen to rear up on their
hind leg and shy off the track The pas
Bepjgerswere iu a 6taJeo DanJic and d
I
irantlc efforts t crowd through the doors
Just ahead of the horses and within two I
feet of their noses a long black wire dan II
gled across the tracks twisting to and fro I
Dont go near it yelled tho conductor
and the crowd fell bak Then the driver I
and policeman held a council of war
which resulted in the former getting long
pole Approaching the deadly wire caii
Jt pti
tiously he grasped the pole at the extreme
end and shoved the threatening obstruc
tion gently aside While be held it off the
conductor drove the frightened horses past
th e spot and thus a fatality was averted
Meanwhile I great crowd had gathered
but at a distance of fully fifty feet from
the wire Suddenly a little man elbowed I
his way through their midst and ap
proached the wire For heavens sake
dontl shrieked a terror stricken man in t
the front rank But the little man did not
heed his supplications He stretched out
his hand took hold of the wire and smiled I
sadly I
Its a rope he said New York Times I
The Operator Was Busy I
It has been the custom among shop and I
counting house employes from time imme
morial to play practical jokes upon new I I
comers such a sending them after white
lampblack or 1 round square or to ask
some similar paradoxical question I
I The big operating department of the
I Western Union telegraph office on Broad I
way is no exception to this ancient diver
sion Many of the knights of the key are
foudof such jokes and n recent one was at
the expense of a little check girl who did
not realize the importance of no less a per I
sonage than Jay Gould himself
I Jay Gould and Mr Eckert and others of
the Western Union company had occasion I
I to consult with Manager Dealey and when i
the group entered the room and were talk i i
ing with the latter gentleman a facetious j
operator sent the little girl over with a I
message t tho short gentleman with the
black whiskers The little ono marched I
bravely up to the group and in answer to
a kin lyWel dear from Jay Gould
said
saidMr of the race wire says be is busy
and cannot see you until he i off duty
Jay Gould said Very well and the
I little girl skipped about with her usual
lightbeartedness New York Telegram
I Long Islands Blue Laws I
I Some of the old Long Island towns were
settled by Puritans from across tho sound
in Connecticut In tho musty records of
I some of these places are to bo found ordi I
nances which bear so much of I likeness to
the Connecticut blue laws a to leave the I
historical iconoclast who says those laws
never existed little ground upon which to i
stand I
l The good townspeople of Brookhaven j
in Suffolk county met in 1G74 ten years I i
after i New York had passed from the bands
of Petrus Stuyvesant and was enjoying j
tho rule of the merry James of York and
passed this resolution j I i
Whereas god have bene much dis1 i
honored much presious tyme misspent i
and men impoverished by drinking and
tipling ether in ordinery other privet I
houses therefor we maeke this order that I
whosoever shall thus transgress or sett i
drinking above two hours shall
pay five i
shillings and the men of the bous for let i
ting them have it after the tyme prefixed
shall pay ten shillings exsept strangers I i
onely New York Tribune J
Trib1ne i
Peculiar Title
The funniest speeches are not always I
those made on purpose So at least I
thought a gentleman who was walking
through the Boston Public garden and
sought to amuse himself by questioning
some boys whom be found playing near the I
Washington statue there I
Boys he called as he approached the I
group of ragged urchins who is that gen I
tleman up there 1
The boys looked vaguely about and one I II I
asked briskly j I
What gentleman sir J I
The one up there on the bronze horse
Oh thats George Washington was j
the concerted reply and the gentleman
walked away feeling that he had not I
seemed as funny as he bad intended A
he went however bo beard one boy say to
the others in good natured derision He i
called Washington a gentleman lYouthl 1 I
Companion I
An Algerian TVonaer I j
An isolated mountain called Jebel Naiba i i
about 23000 feet high situated near Bona
Algeria is found to be rapidly decreasing
in height a considerable cavity having al
ready formed around its entire base The I
massrof the gigantic peak is evidently sink1 i
ing into the earths crust Evidence ad I
duced almost within the very limits of
Bona shows that a similar phenomenon has
taken place there probably centuries before
Lake Fcznrra a body of water of some
thousands of acres in extent lying between
the mountains and the city did not exist
in the time of the
tme Roman empire and re
cent investigations seem to have settled the
fact that it now covers what was once a I
large fortified Roman city When strong I
southwest winds blows for days in succes I
sion towers and walls may be seen far out
in the deepest part of the lakeSt Louis I
Republic I
I I
Should an Actor Feel Emotion
I believe then that every great actor I
ought to be and is moved by the emotion
be portrays that not only must be feel
this emotion once or twice or when he is
studying the part but that he must feel it
in a greater or less degree nnIxo just that
degree will be move the hearts his audi
ences whenever be plays the part be it
I
once or a thousand times and that ho
must cultivate this susceptibility to emo i I 1
tion as carefully a he cultivates the de
velopment of his vocal organs or the habit
of moving and walking easily and grace
fully Salvini in Century i I I
I
Thermometer made of Jena glass can
be made serviceable for measuring temper
atures as high a 450 degg C according to
Zeitscbrift fur Instrumentenkunde if the
tube above the mercury is filled with nitro
gen so that the quicksilver at increasing
heat is under a steadily increasing pressure >
Tho Orleans princes one of whom is the
son of the Comtedo Paris are the richest
princes in the word They will inherit in
about three months 160000000 francs
through the death of the Duke de Mont
pensier of Seville Spain i
The most striking example of the hue of
water is probably that furnished by the
blue grotto of Capri in the Bay of Naples J
Capri is one of tbe islands of the bay i
Lively Game
Patron looking over restaurant bill 01
fareWell I dont care for beef mutton
pork veal or any of these things today
Havent you any game
Waiter Yes sah clams Street
Smiths Good News
I
While You Wait
r Fair Customer in great store1 do wish i i
youd hurry up my change Ive been wait j
ing for it about an hour and I feel a if I
i should faint in this pushing crowd
I Floor Walker We have some most ele
i gant embossed bottles of smelling salts at
I
counter X madim ninth floor front
among the soaps and perfumery Only
999 madam race bargains Salts are S i
sure cure for faintness
I am faint from standing so long
Aid You should wear Blank Cos
stand easy shoe nothing like them in
market you can stand all day in them
Without getting tired only 099 Shoe
department igin Section fifteenthfloor
I a faint from standing here so long
when ought to be at home getting my
I
t
I
dinner I havent heel a DIe t eat since
morning I
Ahl I see Restaurant i in the bae I
mentLife II I I
I
A Dad Business
411 hear said a public man t a friend
that your son has gone to work a a con
tractor
Post So he hasof debt Washington
Very Salty I
Teacher Tho great Salt lake in Utah i
so extremely salty that no fish can live in it
Small Boy incredulously Cant mack
erel Street Smiths Good News
I WASNT DEAD AFTER ALL
The Singular Confession of Two Brothers
to Save Their Neck
One of the most remarkable cases that
has ever come to my notice said Judge
Baldwin was that of the two Booms who
were convicted years ago in tho supremo
court of Vermont in Bennington county
I
of the murder of Russell Colvin It ap I
pears that Colvin who was a brotherin
law of the prisoners was a person of weak
mind and was considered burdensome to
the family of the prisoners who were I
obliged to support him that at the time of I
his disappearance he was in a distant field
where tho prisoners were at work that a I
violent quarrel had broken out between I
them and that one of them had struck him
a severe blow on the back of the head with a
club which felled him to the ground Some
suspicions arose at tho time that he was
murdered and these suspicions were in
creased by the finding of his hat in tho
same field a few nionhts afterward These
suspicions in process of time subsided but
later one of the neighbors having repeat
edly dreamed of the murder with great
minuteness of circumstance both in regard
to the missiuf mans death and the con
cealment of his remains the Boors were I
vehemently accused and generally believed I
guilty of tho murder After a close search
thopocket knife of Colvin and n button off
his clothes were found in an old open cellar
in the same field in which he had last been
seen and in a hollow stump notmanyrods
from it were discovered two nails and a
number bones believed to be those of a
man
Just prior to their trial friends of tho
Booms far about them said that the evi
dence against them was too unmistakably
plain for them to longer hold out and
urged them to make n clean breast of the
entire matter holding that i they did so
they would undoubtedly get their sentence
of death which was suro to be the result of
their trial commuted to imprisonment for
leTho
Tho men were tried and sentenced to be
hanged Their friends renewed their re
quest that they make a full confession
One of them finally complied with the re
quest detailing a long story as to just how
the murder had been committed Tho
other confessed but with great reluctance
and doggedness and would not go into de
tails
The one who had made the full confes
sion bad the sentence of death commuted
while the sentence of the penalty of the
law was ordered carried out in the case of
the other
As the day of execution approached the
doomed man made a declaration that he
Dud his brother bad lied lied outrageous I
ly and that for bis part be would not risk
facing his Maker with so awful a lie upon
his soul Tbe declaration was received
simply as an act of supreme cowardice in
the face of death and caused all but two
or three of the most intimate friends of the
maker of it to turn against him so plain I
to their minds and to the minds of the en
tire communitywas it that both men
were guilty beyond all possible doubt
The last sunrise but ono for the doomed
man was just flooding his Vermont home
when who should appear at the door but
Russell Colvin the man for the murder of
whom Boom was upon the morrow to be
executed es
The explanation of the whole matter is
simple in its character
The two Boors had jumped upon Col
vin in tho field and beaten him He bad
escaped from them leaving his bat behind dt
and so overpowered was he with fear that
he continued his fligMt until be found him
self in New Jersey At the last moment
be bad learned that one of his persecutors
was about to be hanged a bis murderer
and although he had suffered great brutal
ity at his hands Colvin immediately
hastened back to save the unlucky fellows
neck As for tho confessions which the
Boorns made particularly the full and
very explicit onethey were made simply I
for one purpose that of trying to save
their necksOmaha Bee I
Plaiting the Children Fear Animals
A pretty child just about able to talk
was coaxing a beribboned stray poodle on
a Staten Island ferryboat with Nice dog
gie Nice doggie I like oo when the
childs nurse suddenly glanced up from a
novel that she was reading and exclaimed
sharply Dont do that Alice hell bite i
you Go away you nasty dog The child
immediately drew away from the dainty i
and harmless dog with an expression of
fear A few minutes afterward her keen I
eyes espied a canary bird in a pretty cage ny
She toddled over to it and again her baby j
prattle was heard Nice birdie Nice
birdie er
4gain the nurse raised her eyes from her I
novel and stretching out her hand she
drew the hid back into its scat with the j
stereotyped admonition Dont Alice the I
bird will bite yon Go away naught y j I
bird During the rest of the ride the child
sat still with a shade of perplexity on her
pretty innocent face Doubtless she was
wondering if every little playful creature
that crossed her path would bite her
New York Times
Nearest the North Pole
The most northern point ever attained hy
man was reached by Lieut James B Lock
wood a member of the American Lady
Franklin bay expedition who on May 13
1882 stood under 83288 N He was ac
companied by Sergt Brainard who in his
field notes says We have reached a higher
latitude than ever before reached by mor
tal man and on a land farther north than
was supposed by many to exist We un
furled the glorious Stars and Stripes to the
exhilarating northern breezes with an ex
ultation impossible to describe For three
centuries England bad held the honors of
tho farthest northSpare Moments
A Hiccough Cure I
A well known New Yorker
wel dining in an I
uptown restaurant the other day suddenly I
turned aside from the table excused him j
self to his companions and stooping ov er i
a gloss of water seemed to cover it with
his mouth and to bend himself almost
doub > What on earth are you doing i
ll waz vsked Oh merely drinking out
of the lurtber side of my gloss No one
can explain why it is so but that will stop i
a hiccough instantly New York Sun
I
Jockeys Valets I
The public generally donot know that
every jockey on the turf has a valet said i
a prominent horse breeder j
The duties of a valet continued the i
horseman Well they include blacking I
their employers boots carrying their
clothes cleaning the colors and putting
overcoats on tho jockeys after tho race
Most of these servants aro much older than
Telegram the boys who employ themNew York
The Western Climate
First Chappie say ole chappie whats
become of De Dude
Second Chappie Aw hes gone west ye
knaw to raise a laiistonbft fiend News
L

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