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The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, April 10, 1898, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1898-04-10/ed-1/seq-10/

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Il Part layed inW alrBy Uncle S n119s 1arrineso I
I Heroism In the Past and
> Duties In the Pres
lr ent
In view of the intense interest which
at this critical period is being manifested
Jested in the various divisions of the
k I army and navy It is remarkable that
r little or no attention has been directed
i to the picturesque body of men con
stituting one of the most important
W and attractive branches of the com
blned service and known as the United
States marine corps Taking into con
l sideration its peerless efficiency and
V illustrious record on both land and I
sea this contingent of warriors how
ever small In numbers is undoubtedly
V entitled to one of the foremost places
t V on the nations roll of honor The
r origin of the marine corps of this gov
L ernment antecedes the organization of
k t regular navy having been create
g iara
by the continental congress Nev 10
1775 which august body on that date
I aaopiea toe louowmg act
V Resolved That oac battalions of
marines be raised consisting of one
colonel two lieutenant colonels two
t majors and other officers as usual in
other regiments that they consist of
c an equal number of privates with
r other battalion that particular care
I be taken that no persons be appointed
V tc officers or enlisted into said bat
talions but such as are good seamen
t 1 or so acquainted with maratime af
fairs as to be able to serve for and
v during the present war between Great
V Britain lr the colonies unless dis
F missed by order of congress that they
I be distinguished by the names of the
V First and Second battalions of Ameri
can Marines
V Little did those patriot statesmen
reckon that in the passage of this
modest bill they were establishing the
nucleus of an organiation which
throughout the succeeding years would
V attract the wonderment of the world
and reflect upon Its country Imperish
able glory because of its gallant deeds I
V While yet in its primary stage of de I
V velopment the marine corps was called
upon to perform its first duty in de
fense of fhf Jt constituted govern
ment and to it is accredited the first
naval victory of the revolution In this
memorable engagement which took
place in the spring of 1777 on the
Island of New Province one of the
Bahamas a detachment of marines 300
strong attached to the squadron of
V < i modore Hopkins and commanded
ty Major Nichols assailed the British
rV e nl their fortifications on the
1ara1 and after a fierce handtohand
V < ic nailer routed the enemy captur I
t V v tin utica defenses including a
I e iiinr < > f cannon and a quantity of
k Vmunition and other stores Follow
V is closely upon this initial triumph I
> marines again registered their I I
j fame upon the immortal pages of his
I tory in their brilliant work under the
intrepid daredevil of the sa John
Paul Jones in the famous battle be
tween the Ranger and Drake In this
sanguinary engagement threefourths
of the formers marine guard Includ
ing its brave commander Lieutenant I
Walllngford who fell fighting side by
side with the foremost of his men 1
were numbered among the slain while V V
not a single man of the remaining I
fourth came out of the fight unscathed
Yet the battle was won In the subse
quent duel between the Bon Homsne
Richard and the Serapls the marines
numbering 120 rank and file com
manded by Lieutenant Colonel Stack
and twolieutenants were the first to
reach the decks of the latter where
they fought like demons until the
British flag was struck
In our brief war with Tripoli in 1S03
the marines did not fail to maintain
their reputation for valorousness and
in the Philadelphias attack upon the
Tripolitan gunboats on Aug 3 of that
year they rendered most gallant ser
vices During this encounter Lieuten
ant Trlpp of the marines became
e separated
I tJlr
arated from his I men and was assailed
by a number of fierce Turks who
would undoubtedly have hacked him to I
pieces with their scimetars had not a
sergeant dashed into their midst and
passed his bayonet through the body
of the foremost of his leaders assail
But the most momentous exploit on
the part of the marine corps in their
oriental campaign was during the fa
mous march of General Eaton from
Alexandria to Derne a distance of 570
miles through the enemys country on
which occasion Lieutenant OBannon
mounted a small detachment of his
men on camels and reenforced by a
number of Arabs and Greeks tempo
rarily in the United States service
made an attack upon the principal for
tifications of Derne which he carried
b y storm capturing the battery and
turning the guns upon the flying horde
of Mohammedans Thus for the first V
time was the stars and stripes planted
upon a citadel of the eastern hemi
sphere and to this day the banners of
the marine corps are emblazoned with
the brief but significant Inscription
In the second war with Great Britain
thi service of the corps was characterized
erized by great activity and many
noteworthy achievements In the bat
tie between the Constitution and the
Suerriere the first officer on board the
former to fall was Lieutenant Bush
engaged at the head of his guard in
repelling boarders who but for the
stubborn resistance on the part of the i
marines would have overrun the yes j
sel and possibly have turned the tide t
of the splendid victory which fell to the
American flag The bloodiest naval en II
gagement of this war was between the
Shannon and Chesapeake and when I
the smoke of battle cleared away it I
developed that the marine guard of the
American ship had been literally cut
to pieces the officer in command Lieu I I
tenant Brown and 1 of his men hay J I
ing been killed outright and 20 others I
V Some Planetary Pointers on the SpanishAmerican Situation i
t The oldest of sciences is probably as
trology No other can boast of such an
l illustrious list of names among its be
lievers and exponents 1 was the favor
its study among the Egyptian priests in
tho days of Pharaoh and Rameses we
are told that Moses taught and professed
r it independently of the gift of prophecy
Salomon did not consider himself too wise
in learn from the astrologists and David
t wiil his escape astrlogsts at the time
rV V lien the latter was coming to besiege
tV i m lu Kellal to their advice The magi
tV wise men of the Persians were as
r et r resfu
r loeers 1 and the remarkable future the
H 1 nee foretold for the youthful Mahomet
I r a hlch was fully realized made it a re
l lgious institution among the followers of
C the prophet of Mecca
L So much for the past of astrology Most
i persons no doubt believe that It is today
i in obsolete science Such is not the case
There are at present In New York City
r nearly a d eEr astrologers I soothsayers I
star readers or horoscope casters as they
variously elect to call themselves There I
t are others scattered about In various
parts of the country and altogether the
professions seems to be in a flourishing
f and prosperous condition I certainly is
not without Its devotees The htadquart
rV ers of the best known New York astrol i
oger Is located in one of the Park Row
t a I 1 pi j
1 ItiY A1 I
V C Atr 1Vt
V nt I
b V
T 4 I
I V Ap t j
i I
1 i Ei i I I
V i
V i
skyscrapers This seer occupies a suite of
offices equipped with desks typewriters
telephone and all the paraphernalia of the
t modern business establishment A proces
sion of clients keeps this astrologer iusy
nd f
t all day long
LV f Astor for this is the astrologers namE i
does not look like an exponent of ancient
occultism He has I businesslike manner I
and might easily be mistaken for a broker
f or a lawyer There Is no suggestion of I
hidden mysteries about his workshop
everything is plain modern and common I
k place
t Tho spectacle afforded by the seer dic
V tating the mystic lore of 5000 years ago I
to a modern graphophone may seem a
f trifle incongruous but i merely goes to
V present time is strictly up to elate In
V fact J seems to be 8 little ahead of late I
r for Astor bills himself as The Twentieth
Century Astrologer One of the business I
uses to which his skill is put was shown j
by the recent city election in Philadelphia I
One of the candidates for the city council
was a Mr Uyram On looking over the j
f ground d va his nomination Byrun i I
V made up ISel mind that the chances wore i
V against his election He decided to work
a new wrinkle So he called in the services i
g =
vices of astrology and during the remain
ler of the campaign his actions were un
ier the constant direction of the planets I I
f favorable to his cause Byram was elect j
t cd The politicians of the Quaker City
iV were nllllnirlo tlcht such ordinary devices
wtll orInal
as job deals and combinations but when
It came to bucking against the stars In
ecf T1elg tl
heml T1e
f ml
V heir courses they gave up the battle
Astor says that he Has had other politi
g cians under his tutelage with equally sat
V isfying results and that capitalists and
r financiers are among his frequent clients I
With this Imposing array of prece
V dents from Moses of Palestine to
V Pyram of Philadelphia it Is interesting I
f to know what answer astrology gives to
the absorbing question of the day Will
there be war between Spain and the
United States This problem wits pre I
sented for the consideration of Astor a
few days ago After carefully studying
f the existing astrological situation the I
r constructed the accompanying
prophst P
i t
V war may which clearly proves to the
initiated that while there Is consider
able vexatious trouble In store for Spain
and the United States which may lead
I even to a clash of arms there will be
no war
To those who are not familiar wIth the
I symbols of astrology the diagram may
seem a trifle obscure and a word or two
of explanation is necessary
Brielly the astrologer bases his pre
dictions on the positions which the dif
ferent planets occupy at a given time
In the belt of the Zodiac Each of the
planets indicates a certain tendency
which may be favorable or otherwise
Likewise each of the 1 signs of the Zo
diac relates to certain subjects When
the relations and influences of the dif
ferent members of the two groups are
known the prediction becomes a com
paratively simple matter The reckon
lag Is made from the sign Aries which
stands at thi present Instance for the
Tnlted States Spain Is represented by
the Gemini te which in Irp of some dis
turbance is governed by distinctly
peaceful Influences This indicates that
Spain howev she may bluster Is real
ly anxious to preserve peace and will
endeavor to do so The governing pow
ers of the United States on the other
hand are symbolized by CaprIcorn
which has at presjnt a decidedly belli
cose attitude with Mars in the ascend
ant A comparison of the two shows
that the tide of war feeling sets much
j more strongly in the United States than
i i in Spain Were Spain as anxious for
was as nis the United States that result
I would be inevitable but from present
i indications when it comes to decisive
action the former nation will endeavor
to avoid an armed conflict
I The other leading nations find thir
representations in the neighboring sign
of Aquarius and under the genial in
fluence of the sun moon and Venus arc
decidedly favorable to ths United States
Saturn alone is in opposition and his
position in Libra foretells great expense
and diplomatic complications for the
country There are other factors to be
taken Jnto account but the general con
clusion of the astrologer is that while
there is certain to be I violent disagree
ment between the United Stat s and
Spain and irassibly even an armed col
lision there certainly will be no pro
tracted war
More than this the chart shows that
In the European countries a warliks con
dition will he apparent throughout the
year and this will bwome acute at the
close of the present 12 months or early I
In 180 and that a war between foreign
nations Is certain to occur before the end
of next year The United States will not
h drawn Into this war hut will wi
by It Unless all astrological signs nelt fal
the year 1S99 Is to bp one of unusual pros
perity for this country V
The Exact Meaning of This Current i j t
Naval Phrase j
There has been much talk of late about i
putting vessels of the navy into commls I
Ion The full meaning of the term Is I
something of which few haye any Ado i
quate conception To put a modern war j
ship nto commission involves an enor
mous amount of work which can be fully
appreciated only by one who has observed
the process from beginning to end
When a vessel of ic navy Is laid up In
reserve or in ordinary as It is called t
I desperately wounded In the great bat
tle of Lake Erie the marIne corps was
again conspicuous by the great mor
tality among its members sustaining
the loss of Lieutenant Brooks of the
Lawrence and IS of his men who num
bered but 2u all told
On land the conduct of the marines
was equally brilliant and upon one oc
casion at the battle of Bladensburg
af ter the militia under General Winder
had been forced from the field a small
detachment of their number assisted
b the sailors of Commodore Barneys
command stood oft the entire British
force scorning to retreat and refus
ing to surrender until at length there
it is far from an attractive object and
could hardly be recognized as the same
ship when in thorough trim with a crew
aboard The ship Is anchored at a conve
nient navy yard the stores are sent
h elgg engines and guns covered with
oil and an antlrustlng paint her decks
01 antrustng
are allowed to become dirty her sides
dull and stained from rusty chains Thus
she lies perhaps for months and then an
order comes from the secretary of the
navy through the chief of the bureau of
navigation directing the commanding officer
cer of the yard to get her ready for sea
I When there Is a crisis on as there has
been of late this calls for an activity and
I a display or executive ability which puts
i the most experienced officer to the test
s soon as the order comes the com
I mandant transmits I dt to the officers o1
I charge of different departments and the
i complicated machinery of the yard I set
V in motion The first thing to be done Is
i to bring as many men as possible from
the receiving ship which lies hard by and
i these with the force of the yard under
V the direction of whatever officers are
i d h saf
available begin at once to put things to
i i rights and remove the accumulated dust V
i and dirt from the different parts of the
i equipment The engineers force goes at V
t once to the engine and boiler rooms the
t antlrusting paint is removed from the
I engine new packing Is put in the valves
and joints the pumps are tested the rust
and dirt Is knocked from the interiors of
j I lire boxes and boiler tubes and grate bars
I renewed
Outwardly everything is now In fair con V
I dition but this Is only the beginning I
V remains to get up steam in some of the
boilers turn over the engines to see If I
i they are in proper trim engnes the dyna
i mos test the electric lights and the pilot I
I house signals I turn on the search lights
start the fans work the steering gear and I
II steering engines set the hoisting 1 I machine
ret nf I
cn f
ry in motion and put the boat cranes in
operation Every engine boiler pipe
wire tube rivet bolt nut and plate Is
carefully inspected and if founO unserviceable
viceable from any cause I lun The I
tool outfit Is examined and if anything is
lost or broken requisition Is made on the I
naval storekeeper for a duplicate the lire
room shovels slice bars rakes and hoes
hunted and In j
are up put their proper
places in the paymasters department I
the stores which are taken from the ves
sel when she was placed in ordinary are
careful examined and whatever Is found
to be damaged is condemned and requisi
tion Is made for new
Next the equipment storehouse is vis
ited and a full allowance of beef pork
beans potatoes coffee sugar l flour
meal clothing shoes hammocks blank
ets paint tobaccoIn short the whole
miscellaneous assortment of the commissary
missary department is placed on board >
The paymaster l of the ship I Is respon I
fol for every article received ggn a I I
strict account is kept of each Then the
galley or cooking store has to be exam
ined to see I fhof is complete In all
its finding The outfit of a galley usual
ly consists of two copper kettles of 30
gallons each a oOgallon kettle with cast I
iron Jacket and copperhinged covers i
two steamers for vegltables each with
a capacity of 32 gallons two sets of
saucepans a tine sat of tools for lifting
and firing and the ordinary cooking im j I
plcments I i
ThJ line officers look after the condi
I tion of the guns the rigging the boats
the cables the anchors the flags and
signals I the charts the nautical Instruments
V meats and other parts of the ships
tl tlm V
i equipment What this l means can only
be appreciated by one who has actually
undertaken the task A volume might
be written in regard to the signals alone
I When all this work has been dom the
ship is ready to go into commission and
I up to this time everything has been l
under control of the commandant of
V the yard tt M ll l t when the captain of
i tho ship arrives and reports hlmself
j to the yard commander little remains
I for him to attend to In the meantime
I men have been brought together to con
stitute the crew Sometimes they arc
I i enlisted particularly for the ship which
1 Is about to go Into service at other
V times they are withdrawn from other
t ships which have just been put out of
commission The crew and the marines
j i report aboard with bugs and hammocks
the captain orders the crew to be drawn
1 up on the spar deck promptly I at noon
I upon the day on which the ship Is to be
put formally In commission reads to
them his orders from the secretary of
I the navy detailing him to the comnund
hqlsts thp commission pennant to the
main truck ant the stars and stripes to
ready the gaff or staff at the stern and all is
The ship Is now in commission From
this time regular watches are kept day
and night at sea and In port an officer I
of the line Is constantly on duty on the
deck and an officer of the engineer
corps Is on duty In the engine room
The officer of marines in command of
time guard sees to It 1 that there Is an orderly
ltgt Ifhgnc
derly stationed I at the door of the cap
tains cabin at the scuttlebtit to pre
vent a walt of water and usually on
the forecastle and at the gangway whllo
In port
A manofwars crew or as it is
termed In the service the ships com
pany Is divided into two watchcj the
starboard and port and sometimes
again divided Into the first and second
parts of each Theso full or half watch
es are on duty four hours at 1 time
from eight bells to eight bells tic bell
being jspundgd on the half hoursj com
a loss of nine killed one of whom was
Lieutenant Hitchcock wounded and
16 missing In the attack of the con
federate ram Merrimac upon the Union I
fleet the marines sustained a heavy
loss nine having been killed on board i
the Cumberland by the first shot while I
on the Congress the entire guard was
wiped out of existence During the I
I progress of this terrific battle the ma
I rines of the Minnesota S1 Lawrence
I i and Roanoke displayed great heroism
j I those of the former having besought
I I their superior officers to fwb them to
I go to the relief of their perishing com
rades and having received the desired
permission d the small
I manned smal boats
mencing at J2JO oclock with one bell
I and continuing till 4 oclock eight I bells
when the system Is repeated From 4
oclock In the afternoon till 6 and from
G to S the watches are of only two
hours duration and are culled dog
r watches This is done to break the reg
ular routine and prsvent one watch
I standing the greater part of the night
j duty In port from 6 to 12 men are kept
i i ht ee 1fdki
i on deck at night These are called the
anchor watch
1 Everything having been put in run
I ning order coal taken on board from
lighters alongside or from the dock and
the ship ready to go to sea she casts I i
I oiT from fld navy ro wharf and pro I
ceeds to thepowdor magazine which Is
always situated some distance from the V
i yard There she takes on her ammunl j
tlon which is I the last act In the outfit
i ting of a war vessel I A shin is not per
mitted by the navy regulations to come
to a yard or station with her ammunition
I in her magazines j
She Is now fully equipped with her
1 complement of officers and crew and t
i ready to go at a momEnts notice wher
ever she may be ordered by the authori
I ties in Washington j
I A FeW Effusions Inspired By the
I Washington Post When Representa
tive Jerry Simpson of Kansas was mak
ing his speech in the house the other day
on the comparative merits of torpedo
boats and battlcshlns members whose
seats adjoin his were digesting the fol
lowing bit of poetry which appeared in
a western newspaper and subsequently
came to Mr Simpsons attention
The new protected cruiser cruised upon
the ocean wide
Till a manofwar espied her and punched
holes Into her side
And the manofwar continued for a little
while to float
Till driven to thq bottom by a new tor
pedo boat V
Then whils ths foe triumphant rubbed his
tinijr and boftly laughed
Tqrnedn neat destroyers came and sunk
the other craft
And as tho victor dished about through
battles smoke and murk
Destroyers of torpedo boat destroyers did
their work
Whereas Into the action something new
in vessels came
Destroyers of destroyers of destroyers
was its name
Which brings the matter down to date
t where It will rest no doubt
Until some tentimes wrecker of destroy
ers ventures out
> tb < S >
The poetic passion dominated by the
Easter season Is by no means confined
to topics on which Representative Jerry
Simpson of Kansas chooses to talk
Senator and representatives of nil par
ties are not only flooded with telegrams
for peace or war but likewise with con
coctions in war verse senator James
I H Kyle of South Dakota has a con
i stituent on the broad prairies of that
I state who has forwarded him I com
l position on The Old Veterans Dream
I I which starts ot in this form
I Then sound the good old bugle boys
well don the blue again
r And T Vto on the armor that for many
years has lain
I In penccfulness and quiet boys for old
glory must remain
Untarnished and unsullied by the treach
ery of Spain
How to Look Good
Good looks are really more than skin
I deep depending entirely on a healthy
I condition of all the vital organs I
i I the liver is inactive you have a bilious
lock If your stomach Is disordered you
j have a dyspeptic look if your kidneys
I are affected you have a pinched look
Secure good health and you will surely
I have good looks Electric Bitters Is
a good Alterative and Tonic Acts di7
I rectly on the stomach liver and kid
I neys purifies the blood cures pimples
1 blotches and bois and ghes a good
I complexion Every bottle guaranteed
Sold at Z C M I drug store 50c per
I bottle y
I Nev line of Ladies Suits
Just in at Atierbachs including
some very stylish novelties One of i
a kind only
a =
Special Rates By Oregon Short Line i
For the sixtyeighth annual conference I
of the Mormon church Salt Lake City
Apri 6 to 10 from all points on the Ore V
gon Short Line Selling dates from near i V
points April 5 to 10 limit April IS V
from farther points April 4 to 9 limit I
April 1 For particulars see Oregon
Short Line agents I V
h o o
TJ S i a good strong and reliable I
Baling Powder and is sold by nil II
grocers at 25c a p mund I
while passing the Vicksburg batteries 1
and a few months later at Port Huron V I
ron the guard distributed among the i
amor I I
Hartford Monongahela Mississippi and V
Riohnlond was all but annihilated 11 I
one instance a single slibt having swept j I
away the entire crewof marines at
one of the latters guns I
In September of 1S63 a company of 100 I
privates commanded by Captain Caw
ley and sis gubordlnafe offipers of the
corps volunteered to assist in the
night attack upon Fort Sumter in
which assault a lieutenant and 30 of
their number were lost The historical
fight between the Alabama and the
Kearsarge off the coast o France
V flUii
c J
1 I I
ii i I
i V
was not an officer or man among them
who was not either killed or wounded
During the long interval of years be II j
tween the close of the war of 1812 and
the breaking out of the rebellion many I
interesting events in the history of the
marine corps transpired but these I
with numerous others by reason of in j
adequate space must reluctantly be I i
passed over Throughout the latter I
war however the marines acquitted i
themselves with such distinction that I
not to recount a few of the most notei j I
worthy of their exploits would be a j i
gross injustice to the organization At
the disastrous battle of Bull Run a bat
talion consisting of 350 marines the
majority of whom were recruits under
Major Reynolds acted as a support of I
Griffins bate and were among the
last to leave the field having suffered
and carried out the undertaking in the
face of almost certain destruction As
it was two out of five of the boats to
gether with their occupants never re
turned to the ship This devotion to
duty called forth the warmest com
mendation not only from their officers
but from the entire population of the i
loyal states
In the briiiiant operations of Far i
guts fleet on the lower Mississippi I
none fought more gallantly than the
marines and at the capture of New
Orleans the first to enter the city were
250 of their number under command
of Captain J L Broome his battalion
keeping the turbulent populace In sub
jection until Butler arrived with his
tioops The following month a detail
from this same battalion served the I
broadside guns on board the Hartford I
j was opened by the marines who com
I prised the crew of the formers fore j
I castle rifle gun with which they in I
1 flicted great injury to the enemys yes j
1 sel
selThe V
The largest number of United Stats
marines assembled at one time in ac
tion was witnessed during the two at
tacks on Fort Fisher toward the close
o the war when together with the
sailors of the Union fleet they formed
an assaulting column 1400 strong and
in the fierce fighting which ensued lost
a lieutenant and 5 privates
Many expressions of gratitude and
appreciation have from time to time
tendered the marines
congress Von V
on 19 different occasions having passed
joint resolutions thanking or commend V
ing them for their Invaluable services
The complement of the marine corps I
has since Its crganlza lon fluctuated
gieatly not in any sense according to
the extent of its usefulness to the gov
ernment but through the Influence of
various legislators Two years subse
quent to the late war congress in con
sideration of Its undoubted value as an
arm of the national defenses passed I
an act increasing Its quota to 3747 of
ficers and men promoting Us com
manding officer to the ranK of briga
dier general but in 1874 another act reduced I
duced the number to its former aggre
gate of 2000 and its chief back to the i
grade of colonel co mat nt upon
which basis it is maintained at the j
present day V
The corps Is now commanded by Colonel
onel Commandant Charles Heywood an
officer of rare martial attainments and
ability and one well worthy of a higher
rank than that to which he is at pres
I ent restricted Commissioned as second
lieutenant in 1S5S he has passed
through all the various grades up to his
present station having served with dis
tinction throughout the civil war dur
ing which time he repeatedly received
honorable mention for exemplar con
duct and after his promotion to cap
ttin in 1SC1 was successively breveted
major ard lieutenant colonel for dis
tinguished gallantry In the presence of
the enemy
The marine corps partakes in many
features of both the army and navy
being an adjunct of the former from
the academy of which Its officers are
supplied while upon a military plane it
is entirely distinct therefrom combin
ing somewhat the elements and appear
ance of both the artillery and infantry
service The term of enlistment and
pay are same as In the regular army
while the uniform although bearing a
gieat similarity thereto is richer and
mere varied the dress uniform of a private
vate marine with Its epauletes and
trimmings In crimson orange and gold
bearing much resemblance to that of a
staf officer of the army The princi
pal distinguishing marks are the device
worn on the front of the cap and in
some instances on the belt plate being
of metal and representing a hemis
phere resting upon an anchor and sur
mounted by an eagle belts of white
leather and the chevrons of the non
commissioned officers which are of orange
ange on a scarlet background and worn
inverted on the sleeves The regula I
tions governing the corps stipulate that I
three out of the five years enlistment
f bOeue nf 3
shall be served on board seagoing ves I
sels the balance of the term to be spent
at the barracks set apart for its accom I j
modation at the various navy yards
The number of marines attached to I
each vessel of the navy Is regulated ac
cording to their respective classes and
the stations to which they are assigned
the smaller gunboats generally being
allowed a detachment of 12 privates
under a sergeant while cruisers and
battleships rate guards consisting of
from 30 to 75 privates commanded by I
a captain or lieutenant Their duties
on shipboard while Involving many
details of a routine nature are witha I
of a profoundly Important character
An eminent writer once relevantly I
characterized them as the bulwark be
Machinery by Which the Army Would Be Handed in War
I is related of Von Molke that when
awakened in the dead of night with
the announcement that France had de
clared war against Germany he only
remarked Look in my cabinet file V
A drawer 23 send off the telegrams
you find Then he turned over and
went to sleep again General Miles
would not find everything so ready I I
war came suddenly upon this country I
An army is i like a snake I has great V V
length of body and a small head The V V
i head is the lighting part and one of I 1
its most important duties is to protect I
I the body which consists of wagon I
trains and lines of supplies for If the j 1 V
1 body be Injured the head becomes
1 powerless I is well to bear this simile I
in mind in considering the plan of i
army organization and the steps which I
i are being taken to make I effective
Fortunately for the success of these
I 1 steps there is no other country in the
1 world whose resources can respond as
V promptly and as generously to an Imperative i
peratlve call as those of the United I
i I In completing its military equipment I
< the government depends partly upon
its own armories and arsenals and
I partly upon private factories All i
1 leather materials used in the service
1 are manufactured In the arsenal at
i Rock Island Ills The armory at i i
i Springfield Mass turns out the small
arms the KragJorgensen and Spring
field riles and the ammunition for
I these rifles is made in the FraiiKfo I
arsenal at Philadelphia The arsenal
at Watervlifet N Y turns out high
i power guns howitzers mortars and I I
field pieces while the disappearing
I carriages for the new highpower sea
coast defense guns and the carriages
for highpower mortars are manu
i factured in the arsenal at Watertown
Mass Here also are made the conical
shot which are used for practice firing II
I and for determining ranges in battle
before the more costly steel projectiles
I are brought lrto play I
I Forgings for the great guns are sup
i plied by contract by the Bethlehem
1 steel company at Bethlehem Penn I
1 and the Milvale steel company at
Philadelphia The Bethlehem company
also makes ordnance complete and Is i
now engaged in the manufacture of 100
highpower steel seacoast defense
j guns which will cost 3500OCO There I
is also under construction by the com
pany a 16inch brcechJoading rile the I
largest highpower gun ever built in the
United States the projectile of which
I will weigh 2100 pounds and the pro
I pelling force of which will be a powder
charge weighing 1000 pounds On the
I completion of the guns either by the
I government or private contractors
I they are sent to Sandy Hook for test
Ing and then they are shipped by rail
I or sea for the point along the coast for
i which they are intended
To supply an army with weapons is
t only a small part of the work oC
I equipment The army must be fed and
clothed and provision must be made
j for countless contingencies Wagons
V light battery carriage ambulances
i and forges are now built by contract
j and they can be turned out quickly
I I Clothing shoes hats and like furnish
ings for the army come under the
I supervision of the quartermaster gen
eral and his assistants and are supplied
I by contract and stored at the different
I quartermasters department store
I houses throughout the country Food
j supplies are under the supervision of
j the commissar general of subsistence
and are likewise secured by contract
I In time of war or in preparing an
I army to take the field a vast amount
of supplies forage and equipment must
be constantly on hand or in easy
reach While the provisioning of a
i company battalion or regiment of a
thousand men is perhaps not a difficult
task the supplying of a meal for 100
000 men is a far different matter and
I Is absolutely essential that trans
portation from the base of supplies
should at all times be uninterrupted
and subject to no delays For this
reason the government would assume
control of such railroads and vessels
as might be necessary and they would
V be run temporarily as an adjunct of
the army private busiiyv being per
mltted only so far as it did not con
I filet with mililary necessities
I war should be suddenly declared
and it became necessary to put an
army in condition to take the Held the
i general in command upon an order
from the secretary of war would at
once recruit the regular military es
tablishment up to its full limit of ef
ficiency These men together with the
volunteers who had been requisitioned
from the governors of the various
states or had been raised by direct
enlistment would be assembled at
some convenient point where they
would be formed into regiments
brigades and divisions under officers V
of sufficIent rank in the regular army
Most of the volunteers when they
reached the rendezvous would be
found to be imperfectly clothed and
shod and also in many cases entirely
Ignorant of the simplest features of
the life of a soldier in the field These
men must be taught to know what is
expected of them on the march and In
camp and what they must do to pre
serve their health
With an army in the field hardly one i
da in SO is given to fighting The other
29 days of waiting must be lived
through in order that everything may
be in readiness for the one dzty of work
I is not the one day of fighting which
turns the hair of an officer gray but
the 2tf days of anxiety for his men the
supply of their food and clothing and I
the maintenance of health and good I
spirits among them Men do not fight
wellMn battle on empty stomachs and
yet the ordinary soldier rarely takes
I An Exceedingly Important V tII t II
Branch of the American J
can Navy
t I
tween the cabin and the forecastle
which definition is amply supported by
the responsibilities with which they are
intrusted A marine sentry is always
I on duty at the door or at the head of
the companionway leading or to the com
manders quarters while that dignitary
is oa board and the gangways over the
sides of the vessel are perpetually
guarded by them When at sea a sentry
Il I ker > t constantly on pot at the life
buoys and at the lifeboats falls They
also keep strict surveillance over all
prisoners guard the V magazines
arm racks and scutUebutts assist
sist the masteratarms in pre
serving order among the crew prevent
gambling and other immoral practices
and stand ready at all times tn sun
port the commanding ottlcer in main
I taining discipline throughout the ship
But the requirements of the finished
I arine do not terminate with ordinary
pilice duties Before he has been Ions
in te service he has mastered the in
tricacies of the various signal codes
and frequently is intrusted with the
transmission of important messages
from one vessel to another he becomes
a raH master of the rules pf naval mil
itary and civil etiquette and takes part
in the most imposing of ceremonies per
taining thereto He manipulate a
Catling or other rapidfire sun with the
same facility as a quartergunner of
the old school and is familiar with the
gearing of the vessel from stem to
stern and from truck to Keelson le
is in short A paragon of miscellaneous
I accomplishments
I But it is I in action that the true mer
it < oi the marine are asserted in their
fullest degree To him are assigned the
most stupendous tasks herein his
bravery and fortitude are tested to their
uttermost Ore moment he is ordered
Into the tops ty Act as a sharpshooter I
in reaching which station he must pass
through a hailstorm of bullets and pro
jectiles from the enemys guns and in V
another is filled back to the Jeck
where he fills a vacancy in some shat I
ttied gun division Others on board
may have the comparative good for
tune to be assigned to the powder di I
I vision or other stations bet > w the water
line but the marines duties invariably
draw them into the thickest of the
fight Now leading the crew as they
scale the enemys bulwarks on the
ft repelling boarders with fixed I
bayonets or i forced back rallying
about their comamnder on the quarter
cJeik the first to enter the small boats
vhtn an attacking party is ordered
away and last to leave the ship when
her condition necessitates her aban
donment who can wonder at the lau
rels won by the marines In bygone wars
and the unfading transcendency of
their fame Jose de Olivares in S1
Louis GlobeDemocrat
Ito I
care of the provisions which are issued
to him for forced marches He eats i
them all at once or throws them away I
on account of their weight and at the I
end of a long days march he Is hun I
gry with nothing to appease his hun
I ger Then come the trouble He does I
not reason ht grumbles and expects
I tOT be supplied with more
I must be looked to besides the men
Horses and mules for carting artillery
and transport service have to be sup
plied and trained A cavalry horse
differs in weight and general character
from one which is to serve with the
artillery and as much knowledge is re
quired in choosing animals for military
service a in selecting men
Medical officers also have to be com
missioned and instructed in the pe
culiar duties which will devolve upon L
them and supplies of drugs medicines
hospital equipment and tents must be
arranged for Where many new and
unseasoned men are gathered there Is
sure to he more or less call for the
services of a doctor All that pertains
to the medical department of the army
is under the charge of the surgeon gen
eral The drugs are all supplied by
S ldlers expect to be paid no matter
how much they are fired by patriotism
so the paymaster general and the of
ficers of his department must through
requisition on the treasurer of the
United States see that the private
soldier receives his 13 every month
In short every department and every
officer fulfils certain duties and it is
on the prompt and accurate adjust
ment of all the wheels of the compli
cated machine that i goes and per
created forms the duties for which it was
Found A pure strong Baking
Powder for 25c a pound Ask your
stitutes grocer for U S and refuse all sub I
Telephone P O Box 195 977 I N U ANC
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Aetna of Hartford 12089089
Piremans Fund of California 3309405
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Insurance OF UTAH COITpany I

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