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The Salt Lake herald. (Salt Lake City [Utah) 1870-1909, July 05, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1898-07-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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Destroyed Every Ship and Took 1600 Prisoners
Including the Admiral
f American Loss Was But One Killed and Two Wounded
Spaniards Lost 500 Killed and Wounded
J Washington July 4At 1125 tonight
the navy department posted the appending
pending translation of a cipher cable
gram received from Commodore Wat
son It Is similar to that received to
day from Admiral Sampson but con
tains the additional information that
350 Spaniards were killed or drowned
160 wounded and 1600 captured Com
modore Watsons dispatch follows
Playa del Este July 3To the Sec
retary of the Navy Washington D C
At 930 a m today the Spanish squad
ion seven in all including one gun
boat came out of Santiago in column
and was totally destroyed within an
hour excepting the Cristobal Colon
which was chased 45 miles to westward
by the commanderinchief Brooklyn
Oregon and Texas surrendering to the
Brooklyn but was beached to prevent
sinking None of our officers or men
were injured except on board the
Brooklyn Chief Yoeman Ellis was
killed and one man wounded
Admiral Cervera all commanders
with exception of Oquendo about 70
other officers and 1600 men are prison
ers About 350 killed or drowned and
160 injured latter being cared for on
Solace and Olivette Have just ar
rived off Santiago in Marblehead to
take charge while commanderInchief
1 is looking out for Cristobal Colon
Washington July 4The secretary
of the navy has received the follow
ing Playa via Hayti To Secretary of
Navy 315 a m Siboney July 4The
fleet under my > ommand offers the na
tion as a Fourth of July present the I
destruction of the whole of Cervera I
fleet No one escaped It attempted
to escape at 930 a m and at 2 p m
the last the Cristobal Colon had run
ashore six miles west of Santiago and
had let down her colors
The Infanta Marie Teresa Oquendo
and Vizcaya were forced ashore
burned and blown up within 20 miles
of Santiago the Furor and Pluton
were destroyed within four miles of the
port Loss one lulled and two wound I
ed Enemys loss probably several hun
dred from gunfire explosions and
About 1300 prisoners including Ad
miral Cervera
The man killed was George H Ellis
chief yeoman of the Brooklyn
Sampsons Warships Made Quick
Work of the Enemy I
Copyright 1S9S by the Associated Press I
Ten miles west of the entrance of i
the harbor of Santiago de Cuba Sun Ida I I
day July 3 4 pmAdmiral
fleet consisting of the armored cruisers
Cristobal Colon Almirante Oquendo
Infanta Maria Teresa and Vizcaya and
two torpedo boat destroyers the Fu
ror and the Pluton which had been
held in the harbor of Santiago de Cuba i I
the combined i
for six weeks past by i
squadrons of Rear Admiral Sampson
and Commodore Schley lies today at i
the bottom of the Caribbean sea off the
p jthern coast of Cuba The Spanish I
adriral is a prisoner of war on the i
auxiliary gunboat Gloucester formerly I I
Air J Pierpont Morgans yacht Cor i
sair and 1000 to 1500 other Spanish
soldiers ad sailors all who escaped I
the friglzrul carnage caused by the I
shells from the American warships I
are also held as prisoners of war by the
United States navy I
The Spaniards when they found they
would be permitted to live adapted
themselves comfortably to the situa I
tion rolled their cigarettes and began
playing cards among themselves I
The American victory is complete
and according to the best information
obtainable at this time the American I
vessels were practically untouched
and onlY one man was killed though I
the ships were subjected to the heavy
fire of the Spaniards all the time the I
battle lasted Admiral Cervera made
as gallant a dash for liberty and the
preservation of his ships as has ever
occurred In the history of naval war
Tn the face of overwhelming odds
with nothing before him but inevitable
destvction if he remained any longer I
in the trap in which the American I
fleet held him he made a bold dash
from the harbor at the time the Amer
icans least expected him to do so and
fighting every inch of his way even I
when his slip was ablaze and sinking
he tried to escape from the doom which
j was written on the muzzle of every i
American gun trained upon his vessels I
The Americans saw him the moment
he left and commenced the work of
destruction immediately For an hour
or two they followed the flying Span
iards to the westward along the shore
line sending shot after shot into their I
Lulls tearing great holes in their steel
sides and covering their decks with the I
blood of the killed and wounded
At no time did the Spaniards show
any indication that they intended to j
1 do otherwise than fight to the last
They showed no signals to surrender
even when their ships commenced to I
sink and the great clouds of smoke
pouring from their sides showed that
they were on fire But they turned I
their heads toward the shore less than I
a mile away and ran them on the j
beach and rocks where their destruc
tion was soon completed I I
The officers and men on board then
escaped to the shore as well as they
could with the assistance of boats I
sent from the American menofwar
and then threw themselves upon the
> < ih
mercy of their captors who not only
I extended to them the gracious hand of
American chivalry but sent them a
guard to protect them from the mur
derous bands of Cuban soldiers hiding
in the bush on the hillside eager to
rush down and attack the unarmed
defeated but valorous foe
One after another of the Spanish
ships became the victims of the awful
rain of shells which the American bat
tleships cruisers and gunboats poured
upon them and two hours after the
first of the fleet had started out of San
tiago harbor three cruisers and two
torpedo boat destroyers were lying on
the shore ten to fifteen miles west of
Morro castle pounding to pieces smoke I
and flame pouring from every part of
them and covering the entire coast
line with a mist which could be seen
for miles Heavy explosions of am
mur ion occurred every few minutes
sending curls of dense white smoke a
hundred feet in the air and causing a
shower of broken iron and steel to fall
in the water on every side
The bluffs on the coast line echoed
with the roar of every explosion and
the Spanish vessels sank deeper and I
deeper into the sand or else the rocks
ground their hulls to pieces as they
rolled or pitched forward or sideways
with every wave that washed upon I
them from the open sea
Admiral Cervera escaped to the shore
in a boat sent by the Gloucester to the
assistance of the Infanta Maria Te
resa and as soon as he touched the
beach he surrendered himself and his
command to Lieutenant Morton and
asked to be taken aboard the
Gloucester which was the only Ameri
can vessel near him at the time with
several of his officers includingthe
captain of the flagship The Spanish
Admiral who was wounded in She arm
was taken to the Gloucester and was
received at her gangway by her com
mander Lieutenant Commander Rich
ard Wainwright who grasped the hand
of the graybearded admiral and said
to him I congratulate you sir upon
I having made as gallant a fight as was
eer witnessed on the soa
I Lieutenant Commander Wainwright
then placed his cabin at the disposal of
I the Spanish officers
At that time the Spanish flagship
and four other Spanish vessels had
been aground and burning for two
hours and the only one of the escaping
fleet which could not be seen at this
point was the Cristobol Colon But
half a dozen curls of smoke far down
on the western horizon showed the fate
that was awaiting her
The Cristobol Colon was the fastest
of the Spanish ships and she loon ob
I tained a lead over the others after lean
ing the harbor and escaped the effect
of the shots which destroyed the other
vessels She steamed away at good
speed with the Oregon New York
Brooklyn and several other ships in
pursuit all of them firing at her con
stantly and receiving fire themselves
from her after guns There seemed
no possibility whatever for her escape
and while her fate is not definitely
known at this hour it can be readily
imagined from the words of Captain
Robley D Evans of the Iowa who
turned from the westward with 350
prisoners of the Vizcaya just as the
Associated Press dispatch boat Wanda
was leaving the flagship
In answer to an inquiry he shouted
through the megaphone I left the
Cristobol Colon far to the westward an
hour ago and the Oregon was giving
her hell She has undoubtedly gone
down with the others and we will have
a Fourth of July celebration in San
tiago tomorrow
Captain Evans who had been in the
thick of the engagement up to the time
he took the Vizcaya officers and crew
from the shore said that to the best
of his knowledge not one American
ship had been struck
The torpedo boat Ericcson which
also returned from the westward at
about the same time made a similar
report saying it was believed no man
was injured on board the American
ships though another report had it
that one man was killed on board the
Brooklyn which could not be verified
as this dispatch was sent
There is no means of telling now
what the Spanish loss was but it is
believed to have been very heavy as
the prisoners in custody report their
decks strewn with dead and wounded
in great numbers and besides there is
a statement that many bodies could be
seen fastened to the pieces of wreck
age floating in the sea after the fight
was over A large number of the
Spanish wounded were removed to the
American shins
There can be no doubt that Admiral
Cerveras Pan to escape from Santiago
harbor was entirely unexpected by Ad
miral Sampson and the best evidence
of this is the fact that when the Span
ish vessels were seen coming out of the
harbor the flagship New York was
seven miles away steaming to the
eastward toward Juragua the military
base nine miles east of Morro
The New York was out of the fight
altogether at every stage but she im
mediately put about and followed the
The New York immediately put about
and followed the other vessels in the
race to the westward and overtook
them in time to join the chase for the
Cristobal Colon after the other Span
ish vessels had been destroyed by the
Brooklyn the OregoC Iowa Massa
chusetts Indiana Texas Gloucester
and pther ships of the fleet
Commodore Schleys flagship the
Brooklyn had her usual position at the
xtreme western end of the line ten
Contiucd on Page 3 i i
i y t
4l s
t 1
1 N
7 0
a i7 i
a L 5 f
American Forces Were to Attack Manila On the
I Fourth of July
I i
How the Ladrones Were SeizedAnother Spanish Gunboat II
Surrenders to Dewey I
Copyright 1S98 by the Associated Press
Hongkong July 4The United
States dispatch boat Zafiro which ar
rived here early this morning from
Cavite with the report that the Amer
ican troops arrived on June 30 reports
also that Admiral Dewey when the
Zafiro left on July 1 was planning to
attack Manila with the fleet and troops
on July 4
In addition to the Spanish governor
of the Ladrones the Charleston
brought 40 officers prisoners ofwar to
The gunboat Hugh McCulIoch cap I
tured this afternpon the gunboat Leyte
Admiral Dewey offered to parole the
crew but they declined because they
feared to be courtmartialed and shot
I Captain Concha late commander of
the Spanish thirdclass unprotected I
cruiser Don Antonio de Ulloa which
was sunk at the battle of Cavite com
mands Malatfi fort with 400 sailors A
thousand mixed troops are camped
about half a mile south The insur
gents are apparently the Zafiro re
ports afraid to leave cover
Artachio the insurgent leader who
was arrested by Aguinaldo viill the
insurgents think be shot as General
Aguinaldo fears a conspiracy against
himself I I
Manila via Hongkong July 4The
the transports 1
United States troops on
City of Sydney City of Pekin and Aus
tralia convoyed by the United States
j j cruiser Charleston arrived off Cavite
I at 5 oclock yesterday evening after
an eventful voyage On the way here
the Charleston called at Guahan the
largest of the Ladrone islands the I
group in the Pacific which belonged to
Spain took possession of the whole
group made prisoners of Governor
General Marina his staff and the en
I tire military force and raised the
stars and stripes over the ruins of I I I
Santa Cruz fort in the harbor of San
Luis Dapra I I
The troops are in good condition and
our only loss was Private Hutchinson
of the First Oregon who died on the I
I t City of Sydney on June 20 and was
j buried at sea on June 21
I Another Spanish Gunboat Surrenders I
I to the Americans
Washington July Admiral Dew
I eys telegram to the navy department
is given out as follows
Hongkong July 4 Cavite July 1
Three transports and the Charleston
I arrived yesterday The Charleston cap
tured the Ladrone islands June 21 No
I resistance Brought Spanish officers
± C
from the garrison six officers and 54
men to Manila On June 29 the Span
ish gun vessel Leyte came out of a
river and surrendered to me having
exhausted ammunition and food in re
pelling attacks by insurgents She had
on beard 52 officers and 94 men naval
and military
Signed DEWEY
Adjutant General Corbin has re
ceived the following via Hongkong
July 3 from GeneraT Anderson who
commanded the first military expedi
tion to the Philippines
Cavalry artillery and riding horses
desirable can get limited number
draught animals here
Ardent Supporter of Spain Goes Over
to Insurgents
Manila June 27 via Hongkong July
4A prominent resident of the Phil
pines Senor Buencamino recently ar
rived at Cavite ostensibly to intercede
with Senor Aguinaldo in behalf of the
Spaniards but he has been Imprisoned
under suspicion that he intended to kill
General Aguinaldo the insurgent
leader and claim the reward of 25000
offered for his life by the Spanish gov
ernment The prisoner has written a
remarkable letter to Captain General
Augusti explaining that he had al
ways been an ardent supporter of
I Spain that he raised a corps of volun
teers and that he had made various
sacrifices for the Spanish cause only
to find that his efforts were wasted He
adsThe I
The Spaniards were unable or un 1
willing to perform their share of de
fense and the native volunteers bore
the brunt of the fighting the Spaniards
shirking their duty 1ik cowards bung
lers and a perjured rjriertridden in
ferior race God decrees that they have
no right to govern and It would be
better to surrender and avoid the mas
acre which will inevitably follow a
protracted struggle
The writer concludes with advising
Captain General Augusti in he mean
while to guarantee the safe conduct of
all who wish to leave the country and
the protection of those who remain
after July 4
The British employees of the railroad I
have jiaid a visit by a steamship to the
Dagupan terminus They found the I
town in the possession of the Spaniards
and the country around it in the hands I
of the insurgents who are using the
railway extensively The Spaniards I
are demolishing the celebrated botani
cal gardens of Manila and damage has
bten done to the church of Santa Ana
It fs alleged that it was shelled by the
insurgents but in reality the damage
Continued on Page 3
n J
i > PAGE T E
Destruction of Spanish Warships
Attack On Manila
Situation at Santiago
Glorious Day at Washington
List of Wounded
Second Battle at Santiago
Yesterday at the Beaches
At Agricultural Park
Judge Powers Oration
Big Lead Furnace
Troops On the Way
Fourth of July Celebrations
The Fourth In the City
Lieutenant Wells Wounded
Bicycle Races at Calders
The Mining Congress I
Wants the People of Cuba to Form
Their Own Government
Philadeplhia July 4The celebration
of the Fourth of July in this city today
was unusually elaborate Not in the
history it the city have the decora
tions bent so profuse As far as the
eye can reach there is an almost solid
canopy of red white and blue flags and
bunting The parade was a gigantic
affair composed of huge floats and
marching men I
The Pennsylvania Society of the War I
of 1812 had charge of the exercises in
Independence hall Unusual interest
attached to the ceremonies because the
old state house which had been under
going restoration was to be formally
turned over to the city After the read
Ing of the Declaration of Independence
the building was turned over to the
city Director of Public Safety Ritter
ExUnited States Senator George F
Edmunds delivered the oration of the
day Following a patriotic reference to
the army and navy Mr Edmunds spoke
of the situation in Cuba After the
Spanish rule has a l been expelled from
the island he said it will be for the
whole people of Cuba to determine by
the fair methods of free and honest
election how their government shall bs
formed and carried on and he ex
pressed the belief that a government
so formed would stand the test of time
But if the government shall be formed
upon the principle of placing the power
in the hands of that part of the popu
lation possessing education or property
or both then the government he pre
dicted will pass into the hands of an
aristocracy and will fall
Touching upon the mooted question
of foreign alliance the exsenator de
clared that it would be dangerous for
the United States to enter into I ny such
compacts for the changing relations
of the great powers he said would
sooner or later bring us into trouble
I The Armstrongs launched at the Els
wyck Works a warship imllar to the Ja
panese Takasago of 4300 tons The new
cruiser was christened Fourth of Jur a
name which Mr Watts the official who
superintended the launching said stirred
a memory which all Englishmen looked
backupon without a tinge of resentment
or regret
Shatter Will Commence Bombardment of the City
At Noon Today
Five Thousand Spanish Reinforcements Arrive3 Yesterday
Temporary Suspension of Hostilities
Washington July 4Following is i
correspondence of General Shatter as
to the surrender of Santiago
Playa del Este July 4 1S9S Hon R
A Alger secretary of war Washing
ton Headquarters Fifth army corps
July 3The following is my demand for
the surrender of Santiago
Headquarters United States forces
near Sap Juan river Cuba July 5 1S93 i
830 a m To the commanding gen
eral of the Spanish forces Santiago de I
Cuba Sir I shall be obliged unless
you surrender to shell Santiago de I
Cuba Please inform the citizens of I I
foreign countries and all women and
children that they should leave the I
city before 10 oclock tomorrow morn
ing Very respectfully your obedient
servant R F SHAFTER
Major General
Following is the Spanish reply with
which Colonel Dorst has just returned I
at 620 p m
Santiago de Cuba 2 p m July 3 I
1898 His excellency the general com
manding the forces of the United l
States San Juan river Sir I have
the honor to reply to your communi I
cation of today written at 830 a m
and received at 1 p jp demanding the
surrender of this city on the contrary
case announcing to me that you will
bombard this city and that I advise I
foreign women and children that they i
must leave the city before 10 oclock I
tomorrow morning It is my duty to I
say to you that this city will not II
surrender and that I will inform the
foreign consuls and inhabitants of the
contents of your message Very
respectfully JOS TARAL
CommanderinChief Fourth Corps
The British Portuguese Chinese
and Norwegian consuls have come to
my line with Colonel Dorst They ask I
if noncombatants can occupy the
town of Caney and other points and
ask until 10 oclock of the 5th instant
before the city is fired on They claim
that there are between 15000 and 20000
people many of them old who will
leave They ask if I can supply them
with food which I cannot do for want
of transportation to Caney which is
15 miles from my landing
The following is my reply
The Commanding General Spanish
Forces Santiago de Cuba
SirIn consideration of the request
of the consuls and officers in your city
for delay in carrying out my intention
to fire on the city and in the interest
of the poor women and children who
will suffer very greatly by their hasty
and enforced departure from the city I
have the honor to announce that I will
delay such action solely in their inter
est until noon of the 5th providing dur
ing the interval your forces make no I
demonstration whatever upon those of
my own I am with great respect your
obedient servant W R SHAFTER
Major General U S V
General Miles has received two dis
patches from General Shafter this I
morning In one General Shafter says
1 feel that I am master of the situa
tion and can hold the enemy for any
length of time
In the other General Shafter says
My demand for surrender of Santiago
still being considered by Spanish au
One of these dispatches was in response
sponse to congratulations from
Miles in the course of which he said I
I expect to be with you in one week
with strong reinforcements
General Shafters reply is as follows
Playa del Este July 3General
Miles Washington Fifth Army Corps
Near Santiago July 31 thank you in
the name of the gallant men I have the
honor to command for splendid tribute
of praise which you have accorded
They bore themselves as American sol
diers always have Your telegram will
be published at the head of the regi
ments in the morning I feel hat I am
master of the situation and can hold
enemy for any length of time I am
delighted to know that you are com
ing that you may see for yourself the
obstacles which this army had to over
come My only regret is She great num
ber of gallant souls who < have given
their lives for their countrys cause
The war department has given out
the following
Headquarters Fifth Army Corps
Near Santiago July Tonight my
lines completely surround the town
from the bay on the north of the city
to point on San Juan river on the
south The enemy holds from west
bend San Juan river to its mouth up
the railroad to the city General Pan
do I find tonight is some distance
away and will not get into Santiago
Playa del Este 930 a m July 4
Headquarters Fifth Army Corps Near
SantiagoWhen the news of the dis
aster to the Spanish fleet reached the
front which was during the truce the
regimental band that had managed to
keep its instruments on the line played
The Star Spangled Banner and
Therell Be a Hot Time in the Old
Town Tonight Men cheering from one
end of the line to the other Officers
and men without even shelter tents
have been soaking for five days in the
afternoon rains but all are happy
General Pando Arrives With 5000
Reinforcements For Santiago
Copyright 1S9S by the Associated Press
Off Juragua on Board the Associated
Press Dispatch Beat Dandy Sunday
July 3 10 p m via Port Antonio Ja
< L < 0 <
I maica and Kingston Jamaica July 4
1245 p mGeneral Shafter today de
manded an instant and unconditional
surrender of Santiago de Cuba The
Spanish commander curtly and em
I phatically refused The American gen
e eral in sending his demand warned all
l foreign residents out of the city before
10 oclock tomorrow morning July 4
at which hour the bombardment would
he said begin
The only notice General Linares took
was that no Cubans would be permit
I ted to leave tomorrow
This evening Lieutenant Colonel
I Astor of General Shafters staff was
informed by a courier that the Spanish
i generals were considering terms of
surrender The couriers report how
ever is altogether unconfirmed and is
discredited by General Shafter
Tonight the men are anxious for a
general engagement on the Fourth of
July but the officers do not expect it
The general belief is that the crushing
of Admiral Cerveras fleet entirely
changes the situation now that Ad
miral Sampson can enter the harbor
and the army and navy can make a
combined attack on the city It is not
believed that General Shafter will
make a decisive move until the ques
tion is definitely settled
Admiral Sampson and General
Shafter had arranged for a conference
this morning and an escort of cavalry
was at the dock here awaiting Ad
miral Sampson and his staff Admiral
Cerveras dash for liberty compelled
the New York to leave the harbor and
rush to the scene of conflict The con
ference was interrupted to wipe out
the Spanish fleet but will doubtless be
General Pando with 5000 reinforce
Tnentsxreached Santiagojatno nttoday
General Calixto Garcia refusing to
makean effort to stop him saying that
the Spanish force was too large for
him to engage
The army is half mad with delight
over the crushing of the Spanish fleet
Lyons of the Twentyfourth Distin
guished Himself By Bravery
I General Shafters Headquarters July
2 3 a m by the Associated Press Boat
Dauntless via Port Antonio Jamaica
July 3 by Way of Kingston Jamaica
July 3 1013 p m As the wounded
continued to come in it was found that
I the number of the killed and wounded
i had been largely underestimated It
is believed that the number will reach
at least CO and possibly 1000 It is re
markable that in so large a number of
wounded so few amputations are nec
The character of the fighting in
I storming the main redoubt was not
fully realized until after the firing had
I ceased last night The entrenchments
lay west of the hills Without cover
the Americans in their advance up the
slope were for fully 300 ards exposed
to the volley firing of men protected
II to the shoulders in rifle pits But they
carried the trenches by successive
I rushes pausing and huddling behind
every bush or rut for temporary shel
ter from the rain of bullets like storm
I driven sheep The wounded were
dragged out of the death hail After
each pause the men undaunted pushed
ed on firing as they ran When they
reached the trenches the latter were
full tp the brim with the enemys dead
The Spaniards had fled over the summit
of the hills but standing upon the
bodies of their fallen comrades there
they remained fighting valiantly to the
They refused to give way but con
tinued the work with their Mausers en
filading the American line as it came
over the trenches One volley which
came from the Sixth cavalry under the
direction of Lieutenant Short tumbled
them forward on their faces
This was the charge in which the J
Sixth Third Ninth and Tenth cavalry
and the rough riders all dismounted i
and in which the Twentyfourth and
Twentysecond infantry and the Sev
ent first New York were engaged led
in person by General Hawkins He was
almost the first man on the summit j
standing there sword in hand a tar
get for bullets cheering on his men
Lieutenant Lyons of the Twentyfourth
I distinguished himself by deeds of per
sonal gallantry and there were many
After the trenches and redoubts were t
taken came a bold attempt by the
Spaniards to recover them This oc
casioned the fiercest fighting and the
greatest loss of the day When the 1
Spaniards broke behind the hill and
I passed between the reserves who came it
forward with a rush upon our breath j
less men striking and breaking the
I line in several places their impetu
osity for several minutes well nigh
made our boys waver Then rallying
I gallantly they staggered forward car
rying confusion into the enemy As the
I Spaniards fled towards the city they
were shot down like rats
In all 19 Red Cross hospital flags float
ed from the buildings of Santiago dur
ing the day From at least two the
firing was continuous Several of our
regiments became entangled in the
bush and fired into one another The
stragglers were exceptionally few
Bombardment Postponed
London July 4The Evening News
says a dispatch has been received at
the foreign office here from the British
consul at Santiago de Cuba saying
he has obtained a postponement of 1
the bombardment of the city to enable 1
200 noncombatants to leave the city
The consul and the British subjects
will embark on board ship in the har
bor I j

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