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The Salt Lake herald. (Salt Lake City [Utah) 1870-1909, February 21, 1904, Last Edition, Section Two, Image 9

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1904-02-21/ed-1/seq-9/

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I APA1IIiS nghting strength I5trenc th on land lal1 is isnotably isnotaldy isJ
J J JAPANS notably weak in two arms of the theenrich theservthe e
servthe HI enrich the cavalry and artillery artilleryend arWlerYn4 I
end zn n4 the weakness in both eases hr 4 4w 4wto dueto e eto
to the Mom aie causes The Jap is not a aruaeeaafu aeeul
ruaeeaafu eeul uI handler of horses ho and Ja Jalun
lun 1 b n do does not produce good horses The Thei
11ne i rue i to 1 not native to Japan and the theJp I
1 Jp 1 p has not that faculty for handling handlingthat bandllngb1IIIII handlingbra
b1IIIII bra that is ilr1born Inborn bnrn to the native natlveof natlveoftl of oftht oftltt
tht tl plains The element o of topography topographycit tOpo apby apbyt
cit > t I tfn rs into the question The plains plainsIKHiKe pJairill1d pIk pIkvdue
IKHiKe 1d l1 e horses es and horsemen hor n Japan Japanhtl Jap6DuJl JapanI1tt
htl no 1 0 plains and 8 nd no horses until the theoutsule t totJt th
h otJt outsule idl world supplied them and the theJuj theTuJiI theTjp
Juj ha has never learned to handle his IdsI1tr hisIts
1 I1tr Its T > rnversed I ed in h the horse lore that thattlis thattL
tlis H man nan of the plains pl ins has had handled handleddown hani hanidWD hanie4du I
down to him from generation to gen genM geneFItIon I IIaon
eFItIon M > ation the Jap has not acquired prop proper pro > ¬ I IPI
er knowledge of the thnature nature and needs needsof fieesor
or the horse h rse and the stock in Japan Japanhjis JapanAt Jpanbs iteeal
At hjis le deteriorated det riorated instead of improved improvedimtH ImprovedtI1ltft ImprovedIn
imtH In til now the JllJan Japanese > horse is a awnetcaed aWI aWItVhSj
WI wnetcaed scrawny raII little cayuse but he heis heIs hes
is s not yet so woefully w full deficient a horse horsea orae oraeaf
af a is the Jap at a a rider and driver driverItaaetans drivers driverttuMns
Itaaetans s Natural Horseme HorsemeThe RorsemeBThe
7 The Russian on n the other hand is a aruturat a1Ut1ll8l a1i1ural
ruturat horseman hon emallTh The Tli Cossack Co has hasIK hasbI lisab
IK b en a plainsman n for centuries and he hehis behI hei
hI his i mastered d his steed until he has hasnot hasmt
not J11 It a peer on earth unless it be the theA tileAnerican theA
A nerican cowboy and distinguished distinguishedtbOfitlea d distinguishedthqritIes i iH
H > J tbOfitlea who have ha f studied both gie gietlie glyetie
tie pajbn j t Jor r horsemanship horoeman hi to the thetLek Oo Oosjck eo eofuiLAnd I
sjck fuiLAnd And the Russian driver ia not notb notb
b bind the Cossack in illhoraman illhoramanPJ horsemansb horsemansbT DOtj
T 1 lie te dawack eeck will ride any horse y ynay yjg yjgtrQ
nay 1T sybrtng bring him and the driver of the thelioaay te1 thelrOSy
< lioaay 1 wil I put the horse hor in harness harnessn bame8a1n harnessnireast
nireast n ireact of half a dozen others oth r8 and put patthe puttiIC I
the oldtime UI11 western stage driver to toFhame toame toame
Fhame ame Born riders and born drivers driversa
a e Russias Ru cavalrymen caarnn > n and artillery I
d divers ivers Furthermore the Russian Ru lan has hasK hasod I
K JIOCJ od e es e and the Jap has not as asa asag a ajr
jr nerarlrule ner Tru1e Jule Defective Dtf ctiYe eyesight is I I4Uo1 a an aYtIthli
I n YtIthli tio4al weakness in Japan altt ai11oub ai11oub1le > ou03 ou03tle 1
tIe army atrn especially es tdall the artillery artilleryb artIllei artIlleib
b ascii is filled by men who possess possessfiWy po possest i
1 t fiWy f IrIT pood od eyes t YES and history shows showsi sbowt
V i e Jat oJ > fan al1 shoot straight straightjWhere straIghtWhere j je
jWhere Where e Hupsia upa 1 1it Stronjf Stronjfdrift Stro Stro8itt Stronjt
drift t sranting gTanting to t the I hf > Jap Ja p eyesight eyesightr
f iiauy Ia lY24 an a goed g as that of the t t4fftbe thay Austen Austeni
i i 4fftbe t ajfijf merit 1jI y rft that In fi rorapariflfc rorapariflfcti eo eoaacijI
ti 1 ie e wronjrfh of the Hussian nu ian artillery artilleryMd
Md d cav eavJry Jry to thefeune bran b fcc f fte OfI < tf tfteJJMeae
teJJMeae te I e1pee tI1 j a aay iny the comparison omrml l n is isf isr 15r
f T r in uIba JSft6r of jihe 1Ie Russian The Rus Russ Rusan Itusan
s an army is especially formidable in int
t Ie branches of the service IIenicewbere where the thearse thew i
w 1 arse pay a conspicuous 8 Tart ilertt wfefietie White Whitetie
tie t e Japanese e army ta weak k Pitifully pidfuUi pUifalbleak Pitifullyoak
i leak oak ak so far as the cavalry valry is coti cotierned cots cotsIDM cotiI
I < erned and mar m fee said to hav have haveC ao soI aorivalry
I rivalry rivalryJapan C ivahyJapan ivaliyJapan
Japan baa about It io 16098 mounted men menT menho menho
T ho masquerade as cavalrymen and andre andre andre
< re said to be able to perform all the thec thelit
i c titles lit of a cavalryman ca except ex pt to ride rideue ridet
1 i the t artillery branch It makes l a ac abetterwlRg aS
c imewtiat betterwlRg betterwlRgGut better showing showingiiut aiiowlngtInt
Gut a million cavalrymen and a mil milJ
1 on artillerymen atile17 Mn are of no value hie to an anany anmy anrmy
> any dates they can reach eh and dam dami damfP
i 51 fP g the enemy enem The best rider in the theorM tlaeoriel theotid
oriel mounted on the best horse in int
t te i e vtBfttL eaimot nnot ride up the face of a aiff atI aI
I iff I tI The beet driver en n earth cannot cannotJ cannott carn t tI
J > How a mountain trail nor drive drl drln
t 1 n trough a trackless trac fort with a can cant
i on behind his team t atn Cavalry vslry and ar art
1 Itery require open country to be of ofF 9tf qfrvlu
F rvioa ata4 i4 In contrasting the strength strengthf aUe aUet
t f ROMfta R and Japan J It4s It necessary to toc totJae toinu
c inu > nM d r the probable scene of military military3ft militar1eIa militarycer
cer 1eIa
1eIa1ttt 1ttt 3ft itnre of Gtoratrr GtoratrrHaojchvrfa OlINtryaqel1 ntry ntryand
Haojchvrfa aqel1 and Korea will undoubt undoubtr
r fly 11 Jarttisli the field e1d They do not fur fnrr f1trJ
r 1 sn mWh IIIUfluOuntPy country weir welrac adapted ptH to cay cavlry Ca Ca1ry cayiry
lry r artillery art operations Korea is isreryfrtWire 18E iseryhete
< reryfrtWire eryhete mountainous I ntainou wttfe sharp ehaJIPk
1 > ak8 k < r red ged ed blUe and 8 n narrow na ro valteyf valteyfi YaUe YaUek aliey alieyl
i k neraHy neraB barren but in the western westernr weMe i ir
r 11108 srtion r tios cohered ered with Uh heavy bea timber timberehchurta tlm Umbernebuji er erandl
ehchurta andl nebuji has some plateaus plat u away up upI
< M I the northern north rn part toward Siberia SiberiaTit Stbe a atit
Tit in general eral it It too Is mountainous mountainousid
id in divided by b two great ranged rang In Inoncharia InEanclluria
oncharia mountain and plain ue uevered aa aavered iro irovered
vered by dense forests infested int ed by byt boT byV
V t gem and Other fierce animals Both Bothmntrte BothtIIOtriee Bothv
T v mntrte are distinctly nett rough toug and ill illfttetffer J1If illf
fttetffer f tied tor fe the maneavws 1ft of horsemen horsemenCharacter hOl8eJDeneraf
Character eraf of Mates MatesSo
So o that taking into consideration con iGeration the theI theObblebattlS4tddB
I bal r ObblebattlS4tddB le battlefields Il land It ariD ill be bet leen
t en n that lapan wilt not suffer greatly greatlytrough greatlyirough <
trough 110 its it wMtkDMB In the cavalry cavalryd < alry alryJd
I Jd > d artillery l b braflbe5 > raa 4t and the Issue Issuet IflSuem
t irns more irptra the relative strength strengthRtaatfa etrenathI strengthRdia
> Rtaatfa a and Japan Ja in the Infantry Infantryanch Infantr Infantr8IIC1L Infnntryxich
anch Here Russia has the l e better betterit
t it in number Japan in i personnel personnellie > ersonneltie nnel nnellie
lie RuadaA infantryman is a dogged doggedl
I tter Once established lWaedln m In a p position posItionI itJon itJonJ
1 > will ftt 4 t to o the death but his hi men ment IDentJ
t tJ J atMCKatt f fare are atow 11Io and the Jap can canc canj
c itmaneuver htan The Russian aba >
Charactcy iand and Climate of Country CountrYPe CountryPeculiar Peculiar u1iar Customs C sloihs of ofPeople o ofPeopIeWliatTheyEatand9rinkand
PeopleWhat People PeopIeWliatTheyEatand9rinkand PeopIeWliatTheyEatand9rinkandHowThey6etlt What They Eat and a nd Drink and andt an
How HowThey6etlt They t Get S eflt It m f i
a J
The latitude of aclbe o the main islands com comptisug comPtt1 cornpflslag
Ptt1 ptisug the t a empire of Japan lie in inabout Ina ina
about a bout thaflaaa t1M M iatttudt as that tat portion portionof
of the UnJftMC u Uu4I Slate tstes l IJing ing between n the thesouthern theSCNtJtem thesouthern
southern e iUu4ty U iattj ofLake of Lau Michigan Michiganand M1ebipnI
and the tbeGJ X3BME t of Mexico le or from the thethirtieth thethirtieth
thirtieth tblletlltJae t is afrMt a the tortyftrst paral parallels paralleIs pars parslets ¬ I
leIs of norta nordt1 latitude ltvde The southern southernpart i
part of the th inland laa1 of Texe the north northernmost northernposj
ernmost one r of the group and Sat SaULake SatLake
Lake City are are on the same parallel parallelThe IMLrat parallelThe l lThe
The great weancurrents ocean evTr currents ts which sweep rweepup PWeepup sweepup
up through the Malay archipelago archipelagothrough IUthI itrehipelaguthrough pelagoI
through the PMippines ipplnes and along the thewest thewes
west w wes coast c ef the Japanese Wands Wandsnuke IfOandfe liandimake I
nuke e the climate clhna te there much milder milderthan milderthan
than that of tb t the United nl States This Thisis I
is especially eepecl lly true t ie of the eastern e por portions pertin ¬ 1 1Uo
Uo tin of the Japanese Ja JaIsn a8e8e islands The
western wes coast is not so sotyeI1Zaor Svejl flufored fluforedThe a or d dThe
The bleak wind WI from froi Sibdt st Slbdtk a jWow jWowcold Wo bIow bIoweo1d
cold acrpFS c fN the Japan sea InlEfteS win win4er winter J
4er and an noticeably 1DJtertlJ In M iIerthi rtbe Jjondo Jjondoand ondo
and Yeao the weather tatbtrlh m hi tnfe tMner lnjer is isvery
very ery cold It is nqt uneomtndn in innorthern InnortJam
northern nortJam Japan for f uJtn the e te I1t4I ii fo be beprovided beprovided
provided with continuous pVrdccp 41rtt to toallow toallo toallow
allow allo of street streetPU paisage fluting au the thesnowy thesnowy
snowy season j j
The rainy liLin season is very irregular irregularIt ir uiar 1 1It
It usually begins 1H lns about the fh middle mt t1le of ofJune
June and lasts n ts for a month returning returningagain1 retumll1gI
again1 a ain in in September ptember The Th late autumn autumnis
is usually uguaUdry dry dr and the atmosphere then thenis thenis thenIs
is clear The yearly rainfall at Tokio Tokiois
is about M inches and the climate cUlI te as asa asa asa
a whole while hile healthful is damp dampJapan dampJapan
Japan is partly of volcanic origin J
thew tflew in Korea Looking South from fr m Seoul SeoulFrom Se SeoulFrom I
From Harpers Weekly Ve kly
moves slow and ad the Jap moves fast fastThe fastTbe fastThe
The Russian requires ulretl heavy hea y food and andplenty andplenty
plenty of it The Jap requires but lit little 1ItUeC Uttie ¬
tie UeC Centuriesof Centuries nturle o serfdom rttlom have made madethe madethe
the Russian lan a soldier ldier i who ho obeys orders ordersintaltaiUry orde ordeJnttl7and ordersiflp1tty
Jnttl7and intaltaiUry and a exactly but this same sameobedience sameobedence aJl1eo
obedience o has been secured red at the ex expense CXreuse ¬
reuse nse of Independent In de ptndf1t thought Taken Takenby Tak1by Takenby
by surprise 8 and nd beyond the reach of ofhis ofIII ofhis
his commanders r voice the Russian is isa I Ia isa
a wild Ud frantic fran 1c animal imal The Jap is a aco aCOU acourgeo
COU courgeo co r geou fijsnter I much the same sametype sametype me metype
type asthe as tile kmertean erkaD His delight is isa Isa isa
a forlorn hope a desperate charge or ora ora
a gran grtm8tWapiDSt stand against odds If his of officer ofacer offlcet ¬ I
acer faUa fMlgllts faUae he tghte kts on Just the same samebecause amejJe samebecause
because he e thinks for himself hi lr and andthinks andthlnkp
thinks Ita fast White rtll1e the absence of the thehorse thehorse
horse 11 has b ajade e Mm a a FOOT horseman horsemanj bontemanj
j I it has made hhn Im a wonderful walker walkerand walkerand alterand
and he can outmarch the Russian This Thissuperior Thissuperior I
superior perlor mobility tti may reasonably be beexpected heepeetd I Iexpedpd
f expected tc lve ve the tb Jap the best t of it ithi I Ih1 iIn
hi skirmishing for position His Hisgreater Hisr Hisgreater
greater < r mentality aaay be expected ex ted to torrend to1yend
1yend rrend r the Japless liable to panic when whensurprised whensurprised n nsu
II surprised su rpr I sd and his devotion to his hi em emperor empeffll emper4r ¬
peror far ar exceeding eXeeedifl that of the Rus Russian RWalan Russian ¬
sian vrho isa soktier because he is isforced I Ifortd Isforcd
forced into the t ranks may be depend depended ¬
ed upon up n to make him a more deter determined determtnl determins
mined mins fighter tightera jail J tbe time because becau e his hisj hisheart hisheart
j heart is in thVftsbt d th light Fnrthea the Jap Japwill Japwill iapwill
will be lighting t hUng practically in his own ownback onba ownback
back ba k yard fighting BI a countty be heunderetands beundet8tanda beuiideistandi
underetands while the Russian will be bej befigatlag befighting
j righting m in a strange land far from fromi fromhl
i his 11 supplies and reenforcements and andin an4in andin
in the monhtams while his life Itf before beforethat beforethat beforeS beforethat
S that tme was 1ia spent nt on the plains He Hefights i iI Hefights
fights became fie fi has been told to tofight tofight tofight
I fight the Japfights Jap Ggbts because becau e he wants wantsto 1antsto wantsto
to tatWbethe tat ftgfetWnether fightWhether
Whether thtose facts will 11 prove suf sufficient suflident ¬
I ficient to enable 1e tbe Japs to success successfulfy lJuceefulfy successfully
fulfy oppose oppo the hordes b 8 of the csar csarcannot csarcannot caarcannot
cannot of course CoUlM be foretold with ac acj
j I curacy < but they tbe go to show that the theJapanese theJapanew theI
I I Japanese woo have thus far had all allthe
I the better of it on the sea ea bare at atI atallt
I I least allt a fair chance for success s on the thei tbeland theland
i land unless borne down by the sheer sheerweight sheerweight beelwe
weight we t of numbers
f Plage of Russia R sia and dapan dapantiH
r < Irth ttt WllH tiH and r < d i Huisyiau Huisyiauind Hu iau rnal ofWir Oar whit an anmal <
mal lif WP hit Inti ind r nd J vUi black r riY 4 4Jlan Jai > anesc c imp imptn
n i j iI
1 1 im ri na IIw WI 1 rml > black dQuhlt ark in 1lw 1lwI
I Jr > fi i l I with rd in enl < T
It is I almost wholly mountainous with withsome withonte withsome
some magnificent peaks notably nota bb Fuji FujiSan 1ujlSan FullSan
San or Fujiyama 123C5 feet high with witha
a crater crat 7 760 0 feet deep The main mainrange maInrange I Ira
range ra of mountains extends almost due duenorth duenorth duenorth
north and south for sixtyfive miles and andacts andaet
acts as an almost complete < barrier 8001 be between betwetn between ¬
tween the east and went ellt There are arepractically arepnKtlcany arepractically
practically no plains in the empire empireJapan empireJ ensplreJapan
Japan J pan has a plentiful plentHulsuytph supply of wa water WILtH Water ¬
ter but no great river system The Thestreams Theatream Thestreams
streams are swift apd often cause serloU senuns se seriotn
nuns flood A peculiarity Ia of the Jap Japanese Jpanose ¬
anese nomenclature is that the large largerivers largerivers
rivers do not always Way bear the same samename samename me mename
name throughout their length lengthHarbors leR lengthHarbors tb
Harbors Are Scarce ScarceWhile ScarceWbUe ScarceWhile
While the coast line of Japan span n is isBUcce88lon a asuccession asuccession
succession of inlets It affords affor s but few fewgood fewgood
good harbors The inlets generally lie Hebetween liebetween
between bold promontories and are areshallow areshallow areshallow
shallow Where deep inlets exist the th theSurrounding
I surrounding country generally is so sot somountainous somountainous somountainous I
mountainous as to make access to the theinterior theInterior
t interior difficult if not impossible The Thej TheIoland TheInland I
j Inland sea te an exception ex ptlol1 to this rule ruleand ruleand ule uleand
and Js 8 much used for commerce al altllOu although
1 though tllOu h its shallowness makes mak s naviga navigation ¬
tion difficult for oceangoing craft It Itis Itis ItIs
is completely com 1fotcly landlocked landlockedThe
The minerals of the empire comprise comprisecoai comprl8eo compzjsecoal
coal o copper silver U gold and antimony
The Tn wild Ild animals of Japan include deer deerantelope leerantelope deerantelope
antelope squirrels IIQUj 18 mice mt rabbit mllblLS red
faced monkey bats small wolves wolvesI W01e8foxes
I foxes badgers weasels wild boars boarsriver b bearsS aJS aJSrher
S river otter sea otter and andtivo two sjMcfes s eefesof eefesofbear stedesofbear of ofbear
bear Of domestic animate the hors horsj <
j I introduced from other lands centuries centuriesI ceIIturiesaso
I ago is email and eeraggv aersr The Japan Japanere
I ere dog is large and worthless The Thehuuse Th Thehtiut
huuse cat has merely a stump or no notail 00tall notaft
tail at all Cattle were used for fora a long longtime lOllStime longtime
time only for fo draft purposes pur but the theJwpane theJapan theJupanef
Japan of late years have nave begun to touse touse touse
use milk and butter Pork i is a favorite Itforftearticle favoritearticle favoritearticle
article of diet and pigs pl are raised ex extensively ext extensively ¬
t tensively Sheep goats and donkeys donkeysare
are rare the grass of the island hot be being beng being ¬
ing ng adapted to them The Japanese Japanesecrow JaPftn Japanescrow
crow is a large bird and is useful as a ascavenger aea ascavenger
scavenger ea venger There are few feWLriuI In1rig n thig g bird birdthe blrdtthe birdsthe
the most noted being the Japanesenightingale iap Japanese tapaneaenightingale nese nesen
nightingale n latin ale < Among other birds bl ls are the thecuckoo thecuckoo thecuckoo
cuckoo pheasant 3 goose duck crane cranestork craneIKork cranestork
stork ibis heron eagle falcon kite kitewrl kiteowl
owl 01 < cormorant snipe woodcock woOdcockcatcher fly flycatcher flycatcher ¬
catcher lark thrush thru b etc 360 species speel s In Inan Inall inall
all allJapan
Japan ha bar 147 known Species rees es of but butterfly buttPrfty butterfly ¬
terfly and perhaps fifteen to twenty twentyUmeti twentytimet twentytimet
timet aa many of moth There are lots lotsof lotsof lotsof
of mosquitoes gnats and fleas but no nobedbugs nqbedbUKi nobedbugs
bedbugs There 7 re are centipedes gram graeei gI1U6hOPJMrs gramhoppers
i hoppers and ants in great gi at abundance abundanceI abundanceBees
I Bees not of the honey bone variety vnrlei waspe waspeand waspeand
and hornets are common There is only onlyone Ohl Ohlone onlyone
one poisonous snake tb the rnomushl 5Itpflmushland rnomushland 1 muBhl muBhlud
and it is seldom encountered enoountetftIJTbe Phe e Chi Chlj China Cliina
j na and Japan seas sea are the richest part PArtof partof
j of the ocean from a nchermans stand standpoint tandpOint standpoint ¬
point containing in abundance mack mackerel mackerel mackerel ¬
erel flounders soles turbot salmon salmonmullet salmonmullt salmonmullet
mullet etc The mountain streams are arefull aNfull ar arfull
full of trout and carp are kept l pt Inpri Inprivate In litYste rl rlvate ¬
vate ponds There art many varietiep varietiepof nleUepof
of goldfish The cuttlefish is j a staple staplearticle staJltarticle SlaVicarticle >
article of diet as a te alsothe al o the crayfish crayfishami crayfishand crayfishanti
and whey a 1 Japanese gonrJeniKii gets getsrich getsrich getsrich
rich enough to retire he manifests mttntf ts hi hiwealth htWfaltb his hiswealth
wealth l ty > y ating jire greit relt t quantities qU nUties of oflobster ofIlotter oflobtr
lobster Oysters ry5t I are plentiful aud the thegiant thegiant thegiant
Ilotter giant s aJlimanif al manler > r lonj extinct every everywferre everywtrt er
wferre 11 re f v is j s Ft tlJ1 ill found in Japan JapanJapAn JananJapan JapanJapita
JapAn i U geuerousiy uero jy c cvetI Tsrad wIVh wi a afine aOM afine
fine flpe species pe is of pine and other oth r soft softwoods softw softwoodsy
woods w while the valleys bear tropical tropicaltree tropicaltreS tropicaltrees
tree trees of different kinds There are areseveral areIt areseveral
several It > vtltl varieties dl ths of hard woody w Od und a alight Rlight alight
light vor d < l the kiri much used u ed for for3Ees forXl forPXc
> Xl 3Ees and sanflal S lIta 1t Japan is entitled entitledto t nUUedto
to its uiin l inryjnthrmum t hry nthmum Um LWi ¬
LWf f
pire because of the pjpofusion PJOfu ionjn in whici whicithe WhlCitbe whicithe
the ticrr grcws tfa t thre rei1 re It diodes hon hohors bohr S Sors
ors with the au azalea lea irce ree peony blu bluand blu8cd btuard
and white wi wistaria Ioa lotUs and camellia camelliaJapan cam cameiflaJapan ma
Japan is not much af a fruitraiaing fruitraiaingcountry frullralslngcOW1tr fruitraisingCOuntry
country cOW1tr The strawberry stnl wberry is an hnpor hnportatfon tmportatlon huportatlon
tatlon of recent n Cfnt date da te but is I getting gettingpopular ettlagpopular tttb tttbpopular
popular Other fruits are pet1M th the biw bLwg i and andiashi andhash
hash a sort of j ear > ear and Dot a agood ye yegood
good sort the apple rapes r p figs flg or orrnges irngell O4nnges
rnges etc et The per pe pers1pnmp am 9H however noweveris 1tOw er
is the king of them al Ja n J Japan nc ncd4 ajjd ajjdS fld fldit d4
S iM it worth reaching for MiU ajiy time 0H 0Hthe flJnthe Qlithe
the production of stoned fnm Irtift Japall Japallfo
fo a fa fal faIs Is alarm atthourii althOQklfYd U 5rdo 0 drag dragup drq dra draa
up a few e plunts and peaches les puttipg puttipgealt put putjpgsalt iI1g iI1galt
salt alt on them ajatf Otf eatjnir eat eatIji ig tern tIa nJ befpre befprethey betrethey beprethey
they are ripe Stemacli mae trouble is lsCorn Isommon Com Common ¬
mon m in Japan JapanThe 5 5The
The soil of Japan j pan I is isot ot very f fertile fertileas rl rlas
as a rule and oMy y a1l alSDUt ilt oqAtenth ou teiith th is isarable f farable IsarabIc
arable They have a aodd > podd system feJi1 t firrigation tirrigationanti tIrrigationand
irrigation irrigationanti and wiUiotF wi withoi4 tn turikf i14 land landreclamation ll llredamaUon Jafldreclamation
reclamation fund at uutt thtarfd l8 ami utilise utilisethe UUl UUlthe utilbtthe
the sewgeof sewage of the fowift tow and citiee for forfertilizing torfertilizing forfertilizing
fertilizing purposes fe 3ie e tit 8t f crops cropsare crepe croJare
are rice barley beanf ben millet wheat wheatbuckwheat wlieatbuck wheatbucka
buckwheat buck beat potatoes zadtebes tea and andtobacco andtOiscco Jtd Jtdto
tobacco to acto Not t havingrye havln havIng rye they make niakibbir make makethlir makeibhir
ibbir liquor out of ricelcall rl rIcu call it sake s ke and anddrink anddrmk anddrink
drink it hot hotTbe botT hotThe
The T chief occupation 1 te agriculture agricultureThe q i grIcuItureThe ulture ultureTbe
The form are very sfMfctt si ul Ten qeJlcr qeJlcrof acr gcior g gof
of land in one piece 4 ta looked l d upon uponas upoaas uponas
as a va vast < estate A G oaere farm t1IJmtOnsfde Is Isconsidered Iaeonsfdeted
considered tOnsfde d large < enough foe f ope pe e famV famVily fa fatly fI fIIly
ily There are silk and pottoa to ntllt ntlltSome ntkJtt nihSome
Some good mines and ad abi ablgfiubfng bg fcbfttg r gtJPP pppr ppprufatlon ipp ippidalion
ufatlon Japan 4s ahwt als famous for lt ltpcrc 1tt1 ltpcrelain
pcrelain pcrc ain In and pottery POU yotteryJapanese T i iJapanese
Japanese atKome atnromeTDe at orne orneThe
The Japanese d BP V he e any an great greatmaterial gretmaterial I
material comforts o for t8 ttjilfjr 2tJ s one nc jbel ev evas lJpvtli v e eas I
as K mme me persons pt fct t in believing b tteYtngthat bdUIeYIngthat believingthat
that a bath is a aftO eopfort ott The Jap Japanese JapanMe Jepnese ¬
anese nese bathe sevdtl Ie t Jne mes a day da if iftke f fi Itke
i they tke tet a chaijfce cb and ever evtreI every > re reSpectabie respCctble
Spectabie ble person per on s s4pesed p < wed to bathe batheat f ft
1 at t least one a dfty iy4iTbe Tbe main bath bathof bathof I
of the day is ai a ione t one Jt begins beginsat inB
at t 5 p Po m whep keD gyjf MPa Pa takehis takes his and andthen I I ItheJl
then on in auccewlon iii sueceWhet every Yel member maraberof mm b r I
of the houaebold j lakes ake kef 11 ball in the the4fg
tub the hlred help coming last lastI lastThis I
I this bathing bathin process is not remarkable reIh remarkableub4ciLtjs arkable I Iin
1Ia ub4ciLtjs ub4ciLtjse Jt c n neflt1y
eflt1y tile e baom m is Isin
in the > parlor pa and although altho Jfttatba or orPhyllis orPhyllis 1
Phyllis Ph7 d l may 1 have flTiTlT y jftt Uffl sittJt sittJtWbe rW rWenough
1IIJIIraft Wbe 101Ue lle llenough I
enough to look i in the other tJt r corner of oftoe o otbe ofthe
toe room and refrain N frain from from h hd1il hultirotts hultirottseomment m rou roucomment rOU rOUOmment
comment < when the old gentleman kmat1 leads leadsthe 1eadthe I Ithe
the procession M lon to the tub tubihe tubThe X XThe
The Japanese houses are generally generallylow n ral rallow
low and the roof is the thesolid solid part isrtFrom isrtFromone From Fromone Fromone
one to three side s kw are filled in with withmud withmud Itb
mud or wattle attle after the theroot roof Is hoist hoisted hoisted hoistad ¬ I
ed on poles and the other side kIeor or sides sidesleft shiesleft
left open with a narrow veranda sep separated separatfd soparated ¬ I
arated from the thehouse house by bypaper paper shut shutterr shutten shutterr
terr which bih slide in greovea greo eI5J Often Qr the thefour tk tkfour thefour
four walls all are paper Wooden shut shutters shutten shutters ¬
ters are kept in reserve to be lltted
in wAn it rains The Rtfovf are coy covered ooverfd coyered ¬
ered by thick mats which wbl < hrie tr e chair chairtabtes ebalrstabft cliftirStables
tables divans ottomans ottomansaRd aa ad K bed bOde bOdetTb s Cor Cortbe tort1te
tbe tTb Japa The res refit t of oftbe the ftirnitur ftirniturcomprises 11unlturelOI fiwnttuircomprises
lOI comprises pri a charcoal 81 > stove ato e and aatIone aatIonePktUft nd one onepicture on onture
picture ture > of autumn or romctfcing Uke likethat Uketbat Ukethat
that Shoe hl8 are a removed at t the door doorand dorand dosrnd
and nd all walk about in j cotton ttep socks jwcksinside cksIn socksinside
inside In ide Everybody uec uses tobaooo ladles ladlessnd ld ladlesand
and nd gentlemen ten cntlemen tIe men alike They u UNa use e a metal metalpipe me metalpipe 1 1piPf t
pipe put in about oBe oaeellhUetb Ightl th of ofdose QtdOflle a adose
dose for an American smoker light l bt ft ftwith ftwith I Iyith
with a coal < take three or f four ur pullS iMHlftat
at it and dump dum out the ashe asheThe tl she sheThe h itTbe
The government make its 1tploy 1tployWfOB employes employeswear etpIoyeswear
on duty iutybut dutybut uty utybut
wear r European dress while > on
but the officIal puts on somethjn sometWnfortable t aam aamfortable II IIfortabh
fortable as soon a Set be gets home bCl This Thteis Thisis
is R bUr loose OOJ gown 11 made In onejpMfee onejpMfeeand one plet pletand pluCeand
and held on by a big b glrde Tb The Theman w wmans wmans
mans man dress is about the same luly lulythere nil nilthere nt ntthere
there is a trifle more to to1t It mUursJly Utur8JlyHer mUursJlyHer ntttrIIyHer
Her girdle > called obi s 8bot not 1EtStbtiil 1EtStbtiiletltht Itesthan Itesthanelsht Ivs than thaneight
eight Inches wide and It Is ttk On Onrdle tlH tlHgrdle
grdle rdle that she foo foofI away BY TDO meet t JaIl JaIlpapatr of oflie f fher I Irdle
her lie papas papa > or husbands mosey I Icold Jold Is Iscold
cold < old weather tttheo the ladles J mesaly ly4 ly4more add addmore d dHave
more robes like iJe the on one onehave t1 al Ht4t Ht4tha
Have ha on and they manage lI ete i icomfortable to ke kecomfortablE keep keepcomfortable
comfortable if the wardrobe floes riot riotplay JlfJtpla riotplay <
play pla out ut The Japanese Japan women tB wear wearno Wro wearno
no o jewelry jewelryPoor jewf > lr S SPoor
Poor Folks Eat B8t1Ia B8t1IaSomt Say SaySome Kaysome
Some > of the people harr bT toIve0n toIve0nhay toUe to five nl nlhay oft ofthay
hay in Japan the poorer poorercla classes es of often oftenhaving en enhaving 1
having nothing but mlUet or orsralns QY1 qthea qtheagrains 1 1raln
grains raln to satisfy 8ti fy their bl9r huner nfR jjTfifc jjTfifcte It Itis
Is the staple national dlt Hoy howdvnr howdvnrDried i iDried iW1
Dried seaweed e Wttd is often used J8 J8for as astot l lfor
for soup and i JJ also eaten eat 1J In iiiforms > ° fJtj s sforms
forms Vegetable firh Diaete etc JiretiseXU JiretiseXUbut are iarebut 1I5iifJ 1I5iifJbut
but generally genf > rallr rooked up tI into Intothat a me methat me i ithat
that makes a foreigner sorry he ever everleft everj everjleft everIet
1 1The
left home homeThe bomcThe
The Japanese drink a lot of Ct tea a l 1iJi 1iJiotl1 TJlother iej iejother
other < r stimulants are sake saKtferred aheva b v Sfr Sfrferred ra raferred
ferred to made from rice fermented fermentedand fef1QCDtedand iormsotedand
and insidious mugiyu made madetrom madetromroasted from from1roasted fromroasted
roasted barley and a brandy bratadth known t9W1f a ashocku lB lBshocku an anshocku
shocku warranted to do the work worJJapane8e workJapanese workJapanese
Japanese art Is mostly mo t1y borrowed from fromChina un unChina n nChina
China and Korea with both efwhieh efwhiehcountries gtwhumcountries of which whichcountries
countries the Japs were eloiy b asso assoclRted asoclted qgo qgoelated
elated centuries ago The ijrst jrst st g Ereat Ereatpainter rS t tpainter t tpaJntEr
painter In Japan was Kanattk Ia katlO katlOIhed t who wholived Wiolived
lived in the ninth century and aRilInterior plotwrad plotwradinterior plutitredInterior
interior views by thoughtfully reitfQt reitfQttag ren1QIng renl renltag
tag the roof from the house in his hispicture hJspicture hispicture
picture The big painter of them all aljthough allthough 1 1though
though was Kano who lived nhietsix nfnesix nhiet n1netsix
six years earR from 1424 and turned oUt oittsome oUtsome outsome
some mighty funny things U 1lltb although althoughhe ugll uglllH
he was a serious man by nature l ure The Thework Tbework Tilework
work of all Japanese pointers inters lacks lacksideality J8otIdeality IsoknIdeality
ideality and as Japan has no nO sudden suildettrich sud4etrich suddenrich
rich class patronage The lh Japanese Japaneseartists
artists artl ts do not like oil painting pa tlng intro introduced jntroduced IntroI ¬
I duced from abroad but stick to water watercolors watert watercolors
t colors and paint on silk or paper paperThe paperThe 0 0The
The Japanese print lots JQts Of f btoics btoicsyearly bSOk bSOkyearly k5 k5yearly
yearly and publish many manynewsp newspapers newspparsbut pors porsbut
but their literary persons perMnsnr are llSJidt llSJidtrapped handlap liandicapped
rapped ap by b the language They Tb y faked fakedin
in a lot of words from the Chinese Chinesemixed Cbfnesemixed Chinesemiaed
mixed them t with Japanese and antYao so cou couplxi couplM rimpld
plxi them up that while it is eJfy ea y to tor torad toread
r read ad it is not possible po to speak 5flk a g Zd Zdbit eUd eUdbit fl flbit
bit of the matter published ThJ This m iude iudeIt 1e 1eit e eIt
It imrK impls impossible 8siblc iblc to give select ect reRtJiltp reRtJiltpI raafliit rendIflshorn K Kfiom
horn tQfl the rxxts T O5 > ° i and so o the p peetti ets tf nOV nosvconfine new newcontinI nOVcnftn
I confine cnftn themselves t hmt > pft mostly most to gptttle gptttleittle utle otitle1lttle utletttlt
ittle things t h il1gt1 like lik lullanyg and haying hayingtime ha hayfti hayftitilTi tn tntilUP
time tilTi stunts t1Jt The T Tb introduction o of uj Ute tneChinese UteCh tileChinese
Chinese Ch nesc element into the languagd lamrn 1aund hurt hurtconversation hJrtronersation hurtconversation
conversation as well as literature In InJapan InJapan inJapan
Japan For instance fifty different differentvords pii i1itTorentwords rent rentords
words art pronounced so and ziI Il more morethan moreI 2flOFOthan
than 100 differtnt dltrt > lnt words are pi pODouncedi pODouncediho pimuouneedhn uounced uouncedho
ho whith hi Ii as 1 one anr an rl ull Ut ii ff ffderstand
I derstand dfr tani might I hv lead to toa h cboHffln < Kinit vhVn vhVnI 1i ri ria
I a person pr j r fli inly id I meant IIIf iiit to t lx I I j ltaS > tcasapt f1t f1ti2
> i2
4 4Opposed
Opposed Independence of United Unit d States St tes Discriminates DiscriminatesAgainst Di DiscriminatesAgainst crjininatesAgainst
Against AmericaaCitizens American Citizens and Sought toAVaIe toAVaIeTrouble t tdM M ke keL keTrouble
5 Trouble For Us Usin in 1898 JB S
I A iHESCETrEat anything an n extraordlna extraordlnary eatrorflnaivy na naIT
ivy WHENEVER ry y takes k place Ce In Russia and of oflate oflate 1 1r
r late years that has been n very veryrre verYhequent veryfrequent
rre frequent < uent surprise urp W Is expressed e4 in tnmCial the thebfilcial theOfficial
Official mCial press that public sentiment in inthe Inhe Inthe
the he tnited States ttea should be so unmind unmindful unmtadrul umnhidtnt ¬
tnt of the traditional friendship frienc hlp be between between between ¬
tween the two countries as to array arrayItself arm armIt arrayIts4lf
Itself It lf against 1ftst her Many in the United UnitedStates UnitedStates l lStat
States Stat g were misted m bythis by this constant re reHeratfcwi retwratlou rekteratlou
Heratfcwi of the MtradlUoaal friendship friendshipuntil frt frtendshipuntil ll4l8bIP ll4l8bIPuntil
until the recent Ktehlneft outrages outrageswhich outr outrwhich outrageswhich
which caused such protest prote t from plat platform platform ¬ i ifOnh
form and pulpit and induced some e in I
spondence 8 DdeneeO of th Ute American American Bwlu Bwlutson n ll11
Hon says T That t Catharine Ca e was w raao raaoInlely iss isslutely I Il
Inlely l lely averse aveise oeftre tifthe th5 o the jV terlcan i rican ca cause causeuntil causeuntil j juntll
until a1t afterdedaijeeaee afterdsfliUje rdeftnaeeacetiiere eace th there re te now nowno sowno
no qu < tluaation iu3atioR7 lon VnL VnLlast aL L m mJa8t i pjajpe JJL t tlast
last Dana Dana Jn September 1 1s1ICe8tUl 1X rTS bln JIOWi JIOWino tuy tuysBcetBSful i t tsaceearfui
sBcetBSful ht irto hIsffdts efforts drtJ tb QbtaJiurecog QbtaJiurecogpition Qbt qiitejnrecogtiou J J1IitiOl1
pition tiou or to have Russia ltu recognize rheog g lze tbe tbeindependence thdf i iIndepeddence
independence of f oar odi ootIl country uy obtained obtainedpermission obtainedpennlsslon obtainedpermission
permission from rOm congress con us v to return returnhome returnhome i ihO
home homeSecond hO S S SSecondIt I IRussia
Second SecondIt It will will be iemenlbered MIt1 berod that thatRussia t thatRussia t
Russia was waS the dominant power in the thesocalled thesocalled I
socalled Holy Alliance whose pur purpose purpose ¬
pose was as to dominate are the American Americancontinent AmerIcaneonUnet Americancoiitinet
continent andespecially ande pecl ll to crush cru h the thespirit thespirit thespIrit
spirit of ofliberty liberty 1i rty in South American re re
Harb or of Chemulpo ehemulPoIcorea Korea KoreaFrom
From Harpers Harpt > rs Weekly
vegftgation Uon of that patronizing patrool n claim of ofRussU ofRu88l ofTh
RussU RussUThaTTimes Ru88lTbtTimeti
ThaTTimes Th 55Times of June 5 1993 1 gave ex extract extraclfl1rom cxtflieis ¬
tract traclfl1rom from a leading article in tbe No Nov Noete o ovie
v vie ete e Vr Y Veemys JII ya headed Russia in Amer America AmerIca Amerka ¬
ica which kkh read The United States Statesfrom Statesfrom Statesfrbm
from thee to time enter the arena of ofamiRumiah 0antiRUtl offltiRusslali
amiRumiah iatl propaganda which hlch finds findsfavorable DudsfaurabJe findsfavorable
favorable soil in its lltically JJOUU x > < aUy unripe unripeIiopulation ubripePopulation I IJlOpulaUonitboct
Population JlOpulaUonitboct without government tradi traditions tradiUons tradilions ¬
lions ani carried away by tbe sue successes suete8 sueceases ¬
ceases 9 of itsnew imperialistic policy policyThe poUcTile policyThe
The Siberian stberlanprtson prisons the Mancburian Mancburianopen Maneburtanopen Manehurianopen
open door the Kisbinelf disorders dlsordelltU dlsordelltUor all allof
of these th e se serve as a pretext for the anti antiBusaian antiRalan I
Busaian meetings so 0 advantageous advan I to toRussias tonu toItusalas
Russias nu enemies while bl1e Secretary Hays Haysstubborn HaysatUbborn Haysstubborn
stubborn Anglophitism lends govern governmental governmental governmental ¬
mental Importance to the claims of the theVarious theVarious theVarious
Various groups of American traders and andmltffeionries antImIHlonrles andmimlonarlea
mltffeionries in the far east ea and con concludes conCludes ¬
cludes cl d The Russian foreign ofllce ofllceshould ofilceieud
should ieud u4 publish p bUsh in English a sketch of ofhe o ohe
the he rel1tio retatioa relations s between etw n the Russian and andAmerican an1Anurllln andflierlean
American flierlean governments ernment beginning egin lng with withthe wUnthe wlt wltthe
the time of Catharine and ending with withthe withthe withThe
the SpamsaAinericsr SHlnts Ammc2r war warFacts warFacts warPacts
Facts Facts For Eo Russian Foreign Office Officeierha Officelerhape
ierha per lerhape S s I can assist t the Russian for foreign forIgn forcign ¬
eign Ign office in this investigation investigationFirst leve investigationFirstUnder
First Flrsttnder Under Catharine II a scheme schemewa schemeWas
wa was formed in 1779 17 when we were in inthe intoe inthe
the most mo t trying period of our revolu revolutionary reoIuUoJlary revoluttonary ¬
tionary war aI for giving George III ef effective effectivE effective ¬
fective assistance against ilUtt us on condi condition conditlon conditioti ¬
tion that tbe English la aid Russia in re renewed renewed renewed ¬
newed attacks upon the Turk A part partof partoC partof
of this programme was as that the island islandof t 1an 1anoC
of Minorca was 88 to be ceded by Eng England Enland Engiand ¬
land to Russia as a station for the Rtts Rttsstem nusstan Ruselan
stem fleet in the Mediterranean and as asa a6a asa
a rendezvous for the insurgent Greeks GreeksThis GreekeThis GreeksThis
This Pro3eCt was drawn up by Cath Catharine CatharinelIch Catflarinea ¬
arine arinelIch chief f adviser Count Potemkin Potemkinfor Potemkintor PotemktnIcr
for presentation pre entatlon to the British ambas ambassador smblusador ambastrndor ¬
sador at St Petersburg but through throughthe tbro througnthe i1 i1the
the adroitness of Count Panin Cathar Catharines catharIne Catharinss ¬
ines Ine minister of foreign affairs who whofavored whofavored hl hllayored
favored the French interest against t the thaSnglfsh
the scheme fell through there ¬
by causing the empress to adopt the theatrtiBrltish theantiBrItish
atrtiBrltish policy policyanne1l armed neutrality neutralityThe neutralityfhe
The nature of Russias friendship for forus forus forus
us at this thl period when we were most mostin mostin mostin
in need < of the th friendly offices of foreign foreignnations foretpnatifna foreignnfttione
nations is diecloned di oned by Benjamin BenjaminFranklin Benjam1nFranklin BenjaminFranklin
Franklin who was then in Paris as one oneOf ODeof oneof
Of our commissioners to negotiate peace peacewith peacevilli peacewlth
with Great Britain He describes With Withwhat Withwhat withwhat
what friendly satisfaction Russia a had hadlearned hadlearned badlearned
learned of the recognition of our lade iadej ladependence
j pendence by the states general of Ho Hoii Holane Holaud
i land landI
I I quote from hip journal Franklins Franklinsworks Frankllnsworks Franklinsworks
works edited by b Bigelow Vol 8 page pageSt page1st pageS
1st St S This day da June S 1782 says saysFranklin sapFranklin saysFranklin
Franklin I received r celve1 a letter from Mr MrDana 11 11Daf MIJati
Dana dated at St Petersburg Pet r burg April 29 29In 21In 29In
In which is th the following passage pauagecster We Weyesterday Weyentenlay
yesterday cster a received the news ne 8 that the thestates thestates thestates
states general Hal on the nlnteerth nlnt e1th of this thismonth thiomonth thi thimonth
month acknowledged the independence independenceof
of the th United States This event < gave gava ga gaa gavea
a shock here and is not w wpll = Il received receivedas ft ctindas
as they the v at leapt professed Irofss d To 0 have riaf riaftered tiattcred dattred
tered themselves > that mediation mE > iali0n would wouldhave woildhave oald oaldM1e
have prevented p ented it and an otherwise otherwisebrought otheribrougM otherwise1brought
brought on a partial strtl8i peace between betweenBritain betweenBrltaln teen teenBrltatn
Britain and Holland HollandOpposed hollandi
i Opposed to American Independence IndependenceMr
I Mr Francis Dana afterward chief chiefjustice cbi chiefjutlce f fju
justice ju tlce of MaffiwchupettF ht < Nuhufftt vat waf at thIs thiatime tM tMUrne thIstime
time our accredited minister uWW ter to Russia RussiaHe RuelBp RussiaHe
He remained there about two years yearsasking y yerasking n naskin
asking askin to be recognized but Russia re refused Efu refused ¬
fused fu e to t receive r etve him or r rerogniae Je ize the theindependence thehidependene theIndependence
independence of our country and this thisuxi thi thiu I histtjc
uxi u ttjc although nine months before bt fon > ih ihTpr I h hprElimlna <
prElimlna Tpr pr4imlnaries 4imlna Ties < f iH fPHf tice ce had h > n i ined inedViiart ned nedVliart nfdY
Vliart Y 1rt < i n in his DiilMTa i < orrc rH rHi
publics pUbU < s We re e have reason to be grateful gratefulto ratefuI ratefuIto
to Russia Rustor tor forIbis 3thte attitude in Intltt that we weare weare weare
are indebtedto indebted to it for our farseeing farseeingnational far farseem farseemnational eeinf eeinfnational
national polk the Monroe doctrine 4uctrinieThirdFrequest doctrineThird doct doctThirdFrequeat
Third ThirdFrequeat Frequeat IIfference ef rence is made to toRussias tcRusnas tiiRussias
Russias friendly attitude to us during duringthe dringtbe duringthe
the civil war waru in 1S83 1S and to her sending sendingseveral sending1everal sendingseveral
several warships bJp to the Atlantic and to tothe t6the tbthe
the Pacific wkh sealed l a1ed ed instructions instructionsMuch btslrudionsIu InstructionsMuch
Much Iu h has been mad ef this but has hasany bajJanr hasany
any one disclosed clt ee what those sealed seJedIn8ttUCUObS seaIedinatruetiotisWere
1 instrucllonsT inatruetiotisWere rere and anda4 haj any one onertght A Aany aright
right to su suOse that the they were for forany forany
any other nprpqse rpqee Jhan hjn to offset o t Eng England England ¬
land or in ather words words that thather her rela relations relations ¬
tions J towavfLtas w fi s even dnrth ftrib the tit civil civilwar civilwar clviiwar
war were ariytlilng more 1QWeu thou moves movesmade movesmade movesmade
made by b hjlr 1 vaon pon the t cbea3hovA c cb bord of ofEuropean orEuropeD1 ofEuropean
European diplomacy dIplom cy purely and only onlyas onlras onlyas
as counter moves OVe5 to England EnglandWJijr Eatgkm4W11 EnglandS EnglandWby
S WJijr W11 Ships Win Were e Sent SentA s sentI t tI
I A recent cent writer referring to this thissys tblsI thissays
lAYs that Prince Gortscaakoff Got f fchancellor th thchancellor titi titichancellor
I chancellor fl t the empire had demand demanded ¬
ed from the signatory sgnato powers of the thetreaty thetreaty he hetreaty
treaty of ofPIII1S ffsffte In m n l 1at ot Uie ahrogHtioo ahrogHtiooof a rogdthQ rogdthQof
of the claupe cia cIati of the treaty which hirh pro prohibited pruhibtted prthibited ¬
hibited Russia Ru from ruin maintaining an anarmed anarmed anarmed
armed navy nayht i the Black lat sea England Englandand EIalnand Englandand
and France strenuously beftuou 1 opposed q poeed ard ardobjected ardobJeded ardobjected
objected to toUri8f thfe Thecbanpellor Th baftCeUor in re reply repi lsply ¬
ply pi sentwhftt sent bitt eam Cft1IIP very rlIim seth er to being beingan
an ulthnatMrn snd nd fearlHsr f Pl t1 that at this thisact thisact thisact
act would be follOwed by hostilities hostilitiessent bostilitieBlent hostilitiessent
sent big 1Iieflaet fteet Into neutral oeutralwate waters > rs so sotliat sotbat sotat
tat it wOuld w ld net not be bottled bott1f4UP up for or de destructioo dEtrucUOD destruetlon
structioo AQ q R RusIs Rugelas S fle fleer4 fleet t had one oneb O ofl oflbSen C CI
I b heen en in tire thebtnb Itmtrbw of SebaatoBol se That ThatRussia Ttf ThatRusia
Russia RUSSi8t gt t thai time wa WJrJt1I w wlflsout ut an anally anaIY anaIy
f aIY in EU iurppeJni Eurpw JH1Pt nd that t nlhilhrni was wasrampant wssramlNUlt Wasrampant
rampant tUat ttl tbitthe the nobility nobU Ib was W secretly secretlyplotting eretlyplotting secretlyplotting
plotting agrfiost lllSt he life lll and throne of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the cxar add a d mat I the Russian pu m fleet was wassent waslreDt wassent
sent to Anlertcan At1terte n watars wa rtt for its own ownnrotecdon 0 0prol ownnrotecao1t
nrotecdon prol < onp audfiot t fbr t r the th protection protectionof
of the TJ Unlt uitaTStates ta Be Beth that t as it may maywhy maywby maywhy
why clo net tlierecorti of 0 our ur depart department department departmont ¬
ment of itate tae iscteeeas tUsckH e ns would be nat natural natlH81 ¬
ural undsn thus th cIrcumstanceS what whatwere whatere whatwere
were ere those so mYS mysterious ioU sealed led instruc ¬
tons and what purpose the shian were wereto wereto wereto
to S serve servaDurlttg a5elveDt1 During Dt1 War W sa With Syain SyainYour suaYOGr SslaYour S SS S
1 1the
Your readers will remember dwriaaj dwriaajthe dIIrIact
the t be late Spanish war how ho skilfully th thRussian tM tMRuuIn theRussian
Russian ambassador endeavored to tomake tomak tomake
make it appear that L L < ord Pauncefat Pauncefathad Pauncefetthad PauncOfstehad
had attempted to combine the powers powcnito po poto
to restrain the United States or to towith afda afdawith uldswith S
with Spain The wen known character characterand tiblnlMeraDd eharaiterand
and reputation utatlon for I uprifhtnem n tnfJIIIj which whichhad wldchhad 5 5had
had won W n for the British ambassador aID or tfc tfcesteem the tIaesteem theesteem
esteem of the president resldtnt and the theciajfe tbeeOl tbeeOliaJ aiM aiM4ia3s5
4ia3s5 ciajfe iaJ of our government eompl eomplbattered compldtlt compldtlt4hattered t yttered
battered ttered this traditional policy of ofIa j jsia Rue S Seta
eta of end endvoriM avorl g o Create rf > ate enmity enmitytween enmltttween enrnltyhe enrnltyhetween
tween us and G Great et Britain ProbaJMy ProbaJMyi Pro Prothe
i the memoirs m molr of Secret Secretary ar > Hay wHt wHti wwUpten wI1ds S Slighten
i lighten the generation to come e ethiapJase U Uthis ia S Sthisphase
this thiapJase phase of RueMan diplomacyVhRt diplomacy diplolQaCyVhat diplomacyS diplomacyWhat
What Americans Remember RememberThe
The reason why the th people of Of f ibis ibiscOUnt5y this UcounL7 thiscountry
country are almost iJaO to a amanOI1t manon the e eof aide aideof sideof
of Japan in the present war even It iftbe Itthe itthe
the traditional relation had ha be beep beeItfaleely i as asfalsely asfalsely
falsely claimed by Russia RH s al are arethese brfeav brfeavthese vleftjthese
these > Americans are a libertylorina libertylorinapeople 1iberty libertykpVIutpeople l t1peuple
people and d they have ha not forgotten forgottenRussias enRU88I orgottenRussias
Russias Jisncemberment and andlion persecu pEraseution persecution ¬
tion of Poland her recent spoliation apoll of ofFinland ofFnland ofFInland
Finland the oasis is of f Russia RUIII the t tcuUon tleperee jxrse jxrsecution 5 5cutlon
cution of a the Stundists t iid 1d d the car y ot otanguish fitanguish ofanguish
anguish from K Kiabinltrf h5neffJ W nbkh I4 atttl atttlring ati1lring atMirings
ring in our o ears Had Raistia Ra Raed 8rnitis 8rnitised fttt Kt Kted
ed her er obligations obllgatlonaenieredin eiiterod e te d l mto t u oa tje emUative tfrmitiative tjeinitiative
initiative f Secretary S rttlry Kdypfthe Kdypfthedoor H Eiyof v pflhe the thedoor pen penoor
door oor in Manchuria tnis tni WIr warwdv warwdver wnr would wouldcr JIII JIIIr
cr r have taken place pla The Th nattflGBW nattflGBWhave nauurt nauurthave ratIm1khhave
have had dealings with wit lluESta nl ia hay haft haftfaith hS ao aofaith 0 0faith
faith in her obligations obUgatioriIn oblt tlon s sIn
In 1882 we enteredinto entered into mt a treaty of ofcommerce ofcommerce ofcommerce
commerce and navigation with W vftWR vftWRsia ItJtiIII ItJtiIII81a Rus Russia ¬
sia which provides Tho Th inhaMtanfs inhaMtanfsof In Inof InhsbltaU InhsbltaUof
of their respective stat ball balllDt balllDtIy mutual mutually ¬
ly have liberty to tOt tnter thf > ports portsplaces portSplaces portsplaces
places and rivers of the territorial terTlt Of Ofeach tittacb Ofeach
each party wherfevev whe vek foreign commerce commerceis
is permitted They T1M y shall be at atto MNtfly MNtflyto t1i ty S Sto
to sojourn and reside in all partswhat partswhatsoever rtfwMt rtfwMtsoever rtSWbStsoever ¬
soever of said terriori < i = in inor order k r to at attend attend ¬ S Stend
tend to their th lr affaire and they shall en enjoy enjoy enjoy ¬
joy to that effect thesame d Mrne wcurty curtyplot and andprotection ai aiprotectiifl
plot protection tion as natives of the country countryvherein cout ltntrr ltntrrwhereIn
wherein they reside > on roltdititk roltdititktheilSubmitting ooiKiiti at of oftheir oCtheir
their theilSubmitting submitting to the Jaws atid aildtnan atliPsv4 affO affOnances S Snanes
nances nan tlerepreilirar tIe t Li re pie pm Ailing t1Ir an atJr atJrIy rtWa rtWay S Sly
Iy y to wthe the th regulation in IFI Doree eeHoetn eeHoetning eeetntag
tag commerce commercei comme commeDi 5
i Di DincrIinhieat1sL critiaiftii a Againsf Agains AgainsNotwitbtanding jJi jJiX ij piipffig piipffiglill
X Notwitbtanding t th tandiq tlis J js tiaiwIjlcbbi
lill frffojtc In titt nl 1tU Ruspin in vMta iapo lon 11 11this O Othis oI
this I his most mfJf t s lemn nilgsltion dlIg4bontw > hnen mn wnJie wnJietween be betweCn
tween tw o nations iafl ns dues til iija 8 ctlsorlmtMBtft ctlsorlmtMBtftagainst d dagain tiiscgtOagainst
against again t Amerkar m lflel1fll rkar < I iti emVfcowfrrfryt emVfcowfrrfryttkti n te tetac S Sthe
the expressed stfpn stfpl1ltf etp itions DfJ of the treaty treatyMr treatytr 7 7tr
Mr tr Blainf > when hn secretary t Jtary af efrrotestmg tate sortsjrotestang tateirrotesting
irrotesting against this action actlonult MI wit gale galeIt
ult It is therefore tht I refore a source of ofregret unfeigned unfeignedregret uflfeIS5eregret
regret to us wvn w on a i t governawat f fwhi tb tbwhich thwhich
which whi < h we are allied by b so many many y ytorteal his historical historical ¬
torical ties as to that of ofR ofRa Russia shiws shiwsa vs vsa
a disposition dl ltlon in its dealings d nlJngt1t Wtt fH is to tetake totake totake
take advantage ad alJta of technfealittes tf < toapreal toap toapreilto teenreal
reilto real to the tt rid letter arid aridJ riot the Hierejip there thereipocal
rejip re reipocal ip ocal 31 motive of 4ts it ift intefrnaUoBal intefrnaUoBalengagements interiatlesalengagements t tn
engagements n agMJ1ent8iD in justification jUttlkaUOJlpuhdon ef tl tbse tbsepulsion t tpulston
pulston from itr Urritorie tEnito e 4Ilf 4Ilfable paacer paacerable S Sable
able Aciericar ciysens re resolflflgtlth > rjmi r thlth thlther ttat ttatr S Sr
er r under tbe good faith of f tnattes tnattes8t treaties aw awaccused nd ndaccused
8t accused > of no wrongdoing N or of ofvl 1M 1Mvbhatitfl e eLvL4btltp
vbhatitfl vl lntiiin of th commercial lOml11f > mal frotfa qo GIf ttfthe GIfI oZite
the I tE land but of simple adherencp ndtere to the ufaith tbeI thefaithof
I faith faithof of their tb 1J fathers fathers2f9t ta fathersNothiitg er erNotlthag S
2f9t Notlthag inc in Com ComThe eoThe Contrnee ContrneeThe
The Russian spirit of o today tlaying ha hec aota aotaing pething
ing in cummer CJmUi < I with 1 lh the tnIttci tnIttcimuch Untt d UtafM UtafMre ist5S S Srt
re much en o that if ifany any pper pel peljShouJd in HagK HagKshould ita itashould
should print our Declaration 4if AIIt gafe gafependence e ependence
jShouJd pendence it would be sUpnrws supiirosss4V 9 jtby the thecf thecn theC
cf cn C nsor or The graphic grap forecase o ot T her lIItrpolicy herpolicy r
1 policy by bE EngtaBds s greatest dlptanat dlptanat11st itlideurntia t tit1t
11st it1t ia of the last century tratford tr3tt Can OanI Cannirg Cannirg
I nirg is verified toour Jny JnyRome t tRome ay < S
Rome of oM ext exnd5d > nd ndea a itsconq its ts Sway by bytbe byconquest
conq conquest but wberevce tier v It eagles len Aewthe lenthe
the arts of civIlizatIon follbweo olfuw Toe ToeRuwian TIleRUII TheRussian
Russian RUII bird of PC prey has no da M JWM JWMipitsion S Sgdsslon
ipitsion 100 It turns indeed toward OfeMaa OfeMaabut tie tieIMIt tbebut
but the shvtow of its ItIwJ ItIwJing win u ligs a is Mi idight idighting tft tfting
ing ani moral desolaten desolit len dosaa dosaaits cIbeail9 m mits
its flight flightI i iThere S SI
I There is one bright Jewel in the theIan Rvian Rv S Ssian
sian ian diadem di dfll the peacecon peaecoPgrp reaa atfc atfcHague t5he t5heHague be beHa
Hague Ha ot which vas due to her herThe herhitta4iv herhitta4ivThe latsistive latsistiveThe
The convoking onvoldogof of thatth that oonarwa ad adthe d dth
the th estaJ e eraJUshTflei taJtU8 lis raen ment 1 ef the peitnmsent peitnmsentcourt pt perinnuestcourt urIlJlt urIlJltlOurt
court of arbitration rbilta loft which Jt > IIJ i81pt5lt ft ftidj I Irt1td
rrrdel rt1td as i1 t the cro crOWilina ilng act of Oft1aDin Oft1aDint the nine nineteenth ¬ S Steenth
teenth t nth century ct > ntury glorified g1orift Russia Russiain in iatht iathtt the theyes thetyes
yes < of the world Bu But has h4 h4IIIY h tt this tUsrlory thisrlory
rlory IIIY been dimmed dlmm d by her eithi5 proyoaiat proyoaiatthis ovig ovigthis
this war n by not iVJ1gup ivnr np U to togaUon aei b oWl a agations S Sgauons
gations in Manchuria > and al1 al1eriod dvrlnff a aperiod aeFIOd
period eFIOd of eight rnontlte evading evaWn evaWnjustillel V cJf cJfjusU Ike Ikejustified
justified jusU protest pJot ost ct of Japrr insteadcf insteadcflaying ilUltea ct ctlaiing atlaying
laying her claims to t Manrburia Man I ebur hurls if iJba she cheba shebad
ba bad l < 1 any before the th iit iiiteritatiosal wi l tioiiaI tHV tHVmal trlJjoal trtbtJUll
mal Finally AmeriraTi Amerk Amei sjmpathep sjmpathepare
are with Japan Ja because fM he is t IMtttiolt IMtttioltin tmtt1ioitn ttlio ttlioon
on the side o o nlightenniettt > an a amxatlon and ctT ctTjlixation cliilteatlon
jlixation against Russian Ru bn duplicity duplici ajtd ajtdthe ad d dthe S Sthe
the expansion of the fcliaAUng bHgtatJurite Sfgiw Sfgiwvte
vte ite powr pow powrHl5tOri rmstoricu rostoricu us IB New NewJ W Tsrk nc
1 3 imes S
i + + + + + + t = f + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + i4 i4WARS + t tfi
t < t t11JGG
StatelJaJld Stated and MeXt Mexico Mexicoin o olug >
11JGG 11i7Mexicafl 1 xig ft Warbetween war 1etween the United n1 j jlSitcrlmea 4 <
+ lug in Intoke III tue apnex spns4lou J1ou tIC trtitory tlto17 to the Und t55 abi Gre Great Jj3 4
4 lSitcrlmea b btweatt en RuBBl and Turkish 1IU1t1 e + I IFnnee 5
4 France lutL nd S8rdiiJl Sardilila B Bottled tt1 up Russia RUSBIa18i7 5 5
RebelU Rebelliea sui suipressed U +
against SePO
+ 4 18i7 1WThdi1t > Ihc1 n mutiny tinyBrttf5h Brltkili troops St
4 + 4 Pre pressed pressedt t 1 war thtr n north rttt ti1 a against inst south 1 1lth North victorious victoriousMeoias victorious1Str4fr 4 + S 5
French under Majdmilian Mmi1lan tmilianFre
Meoias against
+ 1Str4fr 15114 a7tteclcan air +
S Sbetween
4 + 4 French Fre eelt lIi1h7rFtebeoPrU h dtitedttna gteft ilna anfi astmiltatt dmmaftshot dmmaftshotlIi1h7rFtebeoPrU lfiu between shot shotn Germans sad French French ehde ehdevy de defoaled +
+ Bismarck etnPlre etnPlreendAd etaptreend5 +
+ foaled heavy vy ffldeUiflltyIItiPOSOd ntt lposed by Germany under +
+ endAd third r pU1JJlC bQttfn bQttfnU1l S S171Psaeef +
of Rome Romeend Romeendiir
+ U1l 171Psaeef r Jbot1J cetIpnt1 > ifttQJt m n by troops under Victor Emanuel S + Sc Scj7nuseDurmsl
+ end endiir l1t 1ft iHtl J F tlomlWfn n n1S1tFfiR 4 +
established IIIlabtishe41881Slc 5 5iS3IChmpafgns
j7nuseDurmsl OUlkts1t war Balkan prineipalit principalities es
+ 1S1tFfiR
waiud at atI atIZhartoum +
+ 1881Slc iS3IChmpafgns mpatgnsu In Soudan under General Jordonwho
+ Khartount I ha toUnto Siinilar campaign cahipftignUndf under > r Kitchener Kitcbt > ner in tn1IIIbatUe MWr S battle battleTDCLI1 ot otOiitdur otOiitdurinaai lft4ur lft4urJDtU + 9 + 1 1SUj5CliIne5eJapanes0
+ TDCLI1 w
+ JDtU1S04 lS 1S04 SUj5CliIne5eJapanes0 lte CIiinea ltinetMFTaJltUlese iJ P neBe dispute as to suserainty tti Korea K < rea Japanese 1NUt 1NUtWOR +
4 4 won tr t trety aty0f of Simonesek gave them rights on the continent an a antiat nt < at Port PortArthur + 4Arthur
+ Arthur Poen PW FS compelled mpell d Japanese to surrender the fruits of if fthe the vie Ic Ictory Ictory + 5 51SttiaecoTurkish
4 + tory and andHthe the treaty of Tokio embodied the surrender oIUTT ndtr ndtr1S97GraeroTurkl +
4 + 1S87 1S97GraeroTurkl GraecoTurkish k war Rebellion against Turkish rulo rut in Crete Cr t tTreece 4 + 4 4Grocer
+ Greece goes to aid Crete rete War transferred tran < f rr d to mainland Turkey Tilrkl whips biIS biISGreecp 4 +
4 + 4 Greece Crete > ceded ed to England EnglandSpnisilAmeri1in England1itSpnuisliAineriflfl 4
4 + lS SpnisilAmeri1in 5 Spa ishAnieri an war Begun to free f > Cuba aba from Spauiah rule 1U 1UUnited rule1rltecl +
4 + United States acquired Porto Rico Ri and the Philippines r44cwe hol e Spain Spa in infrom 4 + S Sfrom
4 from Vest Indies IpdlesI S SI +
I I 4 + 189802 189DOBO Boer > r war British n rlUsh against Boers for suzerainty of Transvaal Traml1aaJf 4 4r 4 4I
and Orange River colony colonyI +
I r British won l11 taking TrAUvaal
f 4 + ISKn 1901Iltixel BiiK i 1 troubles In China luau Powers send nd troops Great Britain en entft1I +
I 4 4 ters 1 ii artfveiy au at tft17 1 Y International In mt tHna s Ulnal t I na 1 arenu Showel how l Japanese JJ patJ5f trorps tJO i fn ii n gool light i lg1i 1 1t1j II +
I I + + + 45 + t1j + t + Se + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

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