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The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, July 10, 1904, Last Edition, Section Three, Image 17

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1904-07-10/ed-1/seq-17/

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In InITi ITi y
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James Jam Benjamin Sauiufers Saunder8he he was wascalled waScalJed wascalled
called Jim Ben OB the th farm where h bha hlad
ha had lad < l been hired hand for the test ten tenyears tenyearcahle
years yearcahle ea1icarne came up en the back porch porchjvifUfd p pOrtit1v1p4d
jvifUfd + d his face on the rollertowel that thathung thathUIg
hung by the door stepped to the win windowpit in indOW ¬
dowpit dOW dupuic lllc no that possessed poae the quality of ofdimly ufdinlY
dimly reflecting rdl rnun ling a countenance before beforeit bd r rit
it artfully combed his hi > hair and Ui t1f1 t1f1teppld i istepped
stepped into the spacious spa lows room tb lbtt lbttservul t tservttl
servttl the double purpose flur rurpu of kitereu kitereuand kitc Jl Jland
and dining room Before B < fIJre he reached rea d his hisaccuMomed hisaccustJmed
accuMomed accusljrn d chair in ii the th corner r1t he hepaused hepaiJ
paused ill opennouthedj oPfnn out hdo astonibnient astonibnientThjr atonihnll1tTbtre astonihnifltThrt
Thjr vat wa a a ne hired girl in the thehitchin theklth21
hitchin hitchinJfmv klth21Now
Now during the latt la t ten years Jt Jill Jillha J n nBei
Bei had ha l seen n hlr hIrd < d girls come < ome ui lid I go goJrotn gofrOtn O
Jrotn the Weaver eaet kitchen by th thThere > s < or orThere >
There had been a long procession cf cftal cftaSlrl
tat taSlrl girls and short girl fat girls gtrl and andle andlen j t
lean n girle girl maids and widows fcirls hlrlwith Irls j jwith I
with complexions like peaches iach and I Icream
cream and girls wJth no complexion complexionwhatever I
whatever oot > er The new ne girl had freckles frecklesand
and red lair toairJcrusalcm lairuJtrusaltm air airJeru51Cm
Jcrusalcm exclaimed Jim Ben BenDont BenDont
Dont you ou dare com swearln swearlnround Swearlnround I
round my kitchen admoHMied the theredheadea there1lhead
7 redheadea t girl cause I wont wOI t stand standit standItriot j
it itnot not a hit t of it Ie Her ie tone was se severe Sevei ¬
Yen but a comical smile le played playedartmnd plaedalJlmd playedaround
around her mouth Not being a society societyman 9OcItlYman
man Jim Ben was at a lose ow for reply replyHe nPlyHenm
He Henm om ornprosised promised romised by shuffling on toward towardhis towardz
z his hair hairFt halrFtr I
i Ft Ftr r the land sakes I dont donttknow donttknowoba know knowvfc I Iwhd
whd > vfc a t yet name is 18 Here Jim Ben I
voiuiiteered the deatred information informationWell InformationWe1l n I
± Well then Jim Ban 13 you go straight stnd stndout
out arid a rid leap dea them boots Lookee at atye atye
ye y a L tracking t rack In up my dean floor in that thatstyle thatJ thatTh thatTli
style styleThit J
Thit Th t was the beginning < of it itAftr It ItAftlr
Aftr dinner Jim Ben did an unex unexpetud URXeId
petud and wholly unpreeedented unprecedentedtjiing unpreeedentedtJllt
tjiing tJllt g Of his own motion he took the theempty theempty
empty pail p lIl from the bench by b the kit kitchen kithen kitehen ¬
chen hen door went ent to th the well ell manipu manipulate mentpuIat1 ¬
late the fcfavy Y y old sweep returned returnedwith returnedit returnedwiti
with it the jjfpl I brirnml brimming full of water waterand wateraud waterand
and set eetlt ttaarefutly It refully on the bench benchLoek4iat beachLoek benchLoit
Loek4iat Loek at ye now If you havent haventspilled haventFPlUecl haventIi
Ii spilled mfc water on Ay clean floor flooryou ftoorou lineryou
you ou gite vn4 big awkward hulk Ive a anotion al aThjtloit
l notion t s and she grabbed a dlp dlpily dlpr dIprer
r rer r gny ily the hasty exit of Jim Ben Benction
I in Ute Ute1BctIon ction of the barn eared a ved him himsprinkling hima
a UJ sprinkling sprinklingen
n Jineu en smiled to himself him elf occasion occasionally oceasionaU occasionally ¬
ally aU w s he plodded along aJon behind the theplow theIow thep1ev
plow that afternoon When TJ1en he and Mr MrV MrVnelir i
W V Vnelir w8r stopped to rest at the turning turningrow
row 10 Jim sat on his ploy beam and mdoatrfeusly InI m InduieuaIy
doatrfeusly whittled a clod of motet motetearth moisteartt i
earth In a preoccupied ed way 1 When be hehad behad behad
had Rjpiioned ioned it into hit a cube cube cubehe he turned turnedto I
to Mr wVeaver eaer and asked askedSiatf asJcedWho askedStir
Siatf Stir Who is she slier slierwIms T TWifes I
Wifes 1VJ s whor who whoher whorwe i iTUTy
TUTy we her the new hired gal galSm galThats
Sm T18 R Randy < ly Higgins H IUI Her Herfol Hercot I I
folMBve cot e down on Scatter Creek You Youold Youold Yeaold
old man Hlggtas H HigginshIm him ats got gotHJTRD gotthe
f ff fI fT I
themill the sawmill
1 HJTRD party pa movements have iaxeI dur during durin
T I lug in the past seventy years played playeda
a curious curiJtu and sometimes fateful fatefulpart fatefulpart
part fh our ou r pofltWaT p twT hBWfy The1 NIeMst illst illstof At5tof
of there was wa the antiJtasOnic anti party partywhich partywblclt partywhicti
which participated in the presldentiat presldentiatcanvass presh4endtcauYW tiaI tiaIcan
canvass can of tt J 3 and for several verI years yearsafter I
felt in state stateand ate
after wade Ha 11 influence
and national elections In 182 1 i8 William WilliamM WUUamMOIIIaQ I
M MOIIIaQ 01 san of Batavia N Y who had hadpublished hadputrlIhed
published pu tl 1abe4 a book revealing some of the theseci thesoeclets I
see soeclets eta of the Masonic fraternity was wasspirited WSzpIrited
spirited off to Niagara N ra Members of ofthe ofthe 1
T the order were accused of making < away awaywith awayWith awayw111
with him and when in the following followingyear
yea the t he body of a man in an anstat advanced advancedstaV 1
stat tat of f decomposition pu8ition was found on onthe Oftthe oltthe
the shores htr of Lake Ontario Morgans Morganswift Mor Morganswife ns j jwlf
wife and other persons who had known knownhim I Ihim
him declared that it was that of tile tliejnisf tilemiNing
j jnisf miNing iig man though others who exam exalftined exammed I Iined
ined the body declared it to be that of ofanother ofanother
another man who 110 had disappeared a afew afew afew I
few months before Be this P u s it may maya
a strong prejudice was thus created createdagainst createdagainst createdi
i against the Masonic order and a party partyhostile partyhost j jhOlitil
hostile host i le to the election of Masons to tooffice tooftkt tootlke
office was founded in New York and andsoon andI nd ndsoon
soon I spread over half a dozen of the thenorthern the1orhr1
northern 1011 hHn states In 1812 William Wilt Wirtwho Wiltwh4 Virtwh
wh who had been n the attorney general of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the United States for twelve years was wasthe wasthe wasthe
the ant antiMasonic iMasonic candidate for presi president president president ¬
dent and received the electoral votes votesof votesof votesi
i of Vermont A few fe years later the thepartys thepaTT thepar
partys par y ys 9 existence exlat came to an n en end but butin butI I Iin
I in IMG the Whigs llip because be < au e he beas was a aMahon aMaioin
Mahon put aside Clay and made Harri Harrison Harliaon 1artison ¬
son th hdr ir candidate Had day lay been beenthe beenthe beenthe
the Whig hig nominee in that year nothing nothingis < J Jjs
is more certain than that he would wouldliavc wouldbay d J Jl1a
bay l1a triumphed at the polls pollsTin pol pullsTb I
Tin > second nd of the third parties to toappear toappar
appear on the stage was a the Liberty Libertyparty erty ertyparty I Iparty
party which had for its creed the abe abolition boI ¬ I
lition of slavery and which in 1S40 1S40and l4band
and ag florMin in in 1844 chose ch James G Bfr BfrJiey Bfr11E5T j
i Jiey a its candidate for president Bir Birsiey Birley Birey
siey ey was wa one of the remarkable figures figurespf figuresthe t ttile
pf the troubled era that preceded P ed the thevVril thevii I
vVril vii war He was born in Kentucky in ind 1
ir v read ead d law in Philadelphia Ph ladflpbla began beganpractice beganractke began7ractlee
practice ractke at Danvilic in his native state ttateand tat tatand > j jtnd
and < at t the age of 2f t was elected etd a amember a2fllnber I Illlmiter
member of the Kentucky legislature Iegi IegitlaturcTwo laturl laturlTwo i iTwo
Two years yi later seeing Ing that the paths pathto pathsto i ito
to high political station were crowded crowdedIn ruVdedin j
in Kentucky he removed to Alabama Alabamahe Alabamanhere j jwhere
where he he had a brief and stormy storm ca eareer 3 3Teer i ireer
reer as lawyer planter and politician politiianC politicianChosen j
Chosen C a a ateniber mber of the t he first legisla legislature Jegi legislaturn la lature
ture of Alabama tulla he destroyed de troed an anhallee aRchance j jchance
chance of political preferment by b re refusing retuslrig i
fusing to pledge pJe fe himself to the support supportof
of Andrew Jackson then at the height heightof I Iof
of his popularity while bad manage management manageThent J
ment of ofJds Ids plantation soon reduced reducedhim redueed111m reducedhim
= him to financial straits and compelled compelledhim eompelled11im compelledhim
him to resume the active practice of ofthe ofthe I
the law which had been interrupted by i ihis
his political labors He never again againheld againheld j
held public ofnoe except two years yearswhen yearswhen i iwhen
when he was mayor of Huntsville but butnf1lll8d j I
refused to accept t a salary for his serv services serviceL n nIeee ¬
ices IeeeBlnleTa iceLBraers j jBirneys
Birneys career as an antislavery antislaveryorgalilser j jrs
orgalilser ° rs ls r and agitator began soon after i
his retirement from that post He Heeeens Hesee Heseems
eeens see to have been early persuaded of oftile ofthe I Ithe
the horrors of the slavery system and andin andin i iin
in 1S3S returning to Kentucky he heh8n be began b bgan
gan the crusade against n8t it which ended endedonly endedonly endedonly
only with his death He freed his own ownslaves ownIaves ownslaves
slaves in 1W4 organized the Kentucky
AntiSlavery society in the same year yearand yearttnt i iand
and ttnt in 1885 finding find It impossible to ob ob obtJdli obV I IUJii
V taut in Kentucky Kentuck a publisher for the th thanUslavery thantislaverY j jendslavery
antislaverY paper he proposed to issue issuehe ifituehe
j he removed to Cincinnati and there therestarted thlrEman theree4arin4 V
started man the Philanthropist But i even evenIn enn2n evenIn
In Cincinnati QI elnnatj his existence exi tEnce was a astormy astonII7 astormy
stormy one his press being repeatedly re atedlY
deIItr8 destroyed by mobs Nevertheless he hemade henade henad
made nad his paper r a power among think tfeinkJng tidnkJug thinklug
Jug people and soon n his services rices to the theetary theC
4 C cause beame so valuable aluabl that in 1ST 1SThe
I he was as chosen MCr secretary etary of tue t1 > American Ameriean Ameri Amerlcan
can AntiSlavery society He then re removed re removed removed ¬
moved to New ew York Torkand and became so soconspicuous 80conspicuous soconspicuous
conspicuous In that organization that thatin thatIn thatIn
in l 1S40 O and again in 1S44 he obtained obtainedthe oWatitedthe obtainedthe
the unanimous nomination nomin UQn of the Lib Libtrty LlbttJ lAbtst <
trty tst party for president presidentThough presidentThough presidenthotigb
Though B5rn Blrney = y received only onlyrtfS 7 7001 70011otos M MFoiPS
FoiPS in 1840 and 62006 in 1844 his can An AnlWaCy j
JWary in the latter att r year derided the t reH reHt N J Jtb t V VthC
t tb thC > T election In 144 f13Y lay then the > 11
Jim Ben n nodded assent Then he said saidGosh saidGosh
Gosh Aint she freckled Sort o red redTne redheaded redeaded
headed h too 1 bet sbe shes got a temper temperhe
TIle T he redheaded kind always has hasRandy hasRaDdy baaRandy
Randy utterly ignored JIOIfd Jim Ben at atthe atthe athe
the t he supper PJ r table although be went so sofar eofar soar
far f ar as to Mk ak Whats hat themrn lh theIn ln > when whenshe wbeAshe whenhe
she s he passed p him the plate of biscuit biatdtthatIPLve biscuitthat binlthat
that thatIPLve t gave ve outward evidence of the in inward m mard Inard
ward w ard presence JIUe of a superabundance superabundanceof saPer saPerof
of o f soda After supper he further vio violated vieted ¬ I
lated ha ted an precedent by getting tti the kJnd kJndHiujs kmdUqll khtdfljS
Hiujs hl fljS for the morning fire a aM d Siting
the t he box with woodWbea woodWhen wood woodWhen
When be had performed this work workof warkof workf
of o f supererogation he sat down Just Justinside justinside justnside
inside i toe kitchen door a sad d watched watchedwhite watchedhile tched tchedhtle
white w htle she washed and wiped wt the tJaeShe dishes disfeeShe disheshe
She S he handled them deftly apd a swiftly swiftlyand iftly iftind iftlyand
and a nd moved about with Uh light foot H Hw Hwsle Hmleeves r rsleeves
sleeves sle s ts were ere rolled to her shoulders shouldersJim roaldenJJim ou1det ou1detim
Jim J im Ben would ould have been n less than tbaxhuman thanum
Jh human h um aif i if he had not bestowed sly ad admiring a airing ¬
m miring iring glances on her white and 4 shape shapely sha shay ¬
ly l y arms She turned on his sndd saddt8tY saddt8tYand soddnd ay ayand
and a nd caught him fairly fajriyWhat fairlyWhat fairlyWht
What you gawkta at t me fsr r forDI forD 4 4I
I wasnt gawkin I was just w waR WWRderln waRoria n nderin
derin d is they hurt hurtWhat hurtWllat hurtWhat
What My arms armsNo armNo armar armarNo
No maam Thep freckles frecklesFor flecldeaFor frecklesFor
For answer she clouted him about abeutthe aboutthe abautthe
the ears with the wet dishcloth but butwhen l 1twhen buthen
when w hen he had ingoriously ned from rom her herprovince Iterprovince herrovince
province p she gave gave utteranc to a series seriesof
of o f delightful giggles gigglesJim gigglesJim gles glesJim
Jim Ben kept clear of the hired girFg girFgkingdom IrtskingdoM girraingdom
kingdom k for three days neal time al always always 1 1ways ¬
ways excepted of course Randy JHly con confided COIIftded conMed ¬
Med to her mistress that t of all big bigawkward bigawkw bIgwkward
awkward awkw a clumsy clums standupandfall standupandfalldowns standupandfalJdowns
downs d owns he was as the very worst she ever everdid everdid everdid
did see It made her laugh to look at atMm atMni athint
Mm with Uh a twinkle in the tail of her herejtg hereJf herwhile
ejtg e while he was stolidly eating his hismeal hismeal hiseal
meal m eal and answering her questions in incurt Incurt inurt
curt c urt monosyllables monocs 1Jable Then womanlike womanlikeshe womanlikesflt
she s he began n to make advances advancesJim adva advancesJIm s sJIm
Jim Ben had lifted a barrel of sale saleunaided SRIfunaided saleunaided
unaided from the wagon to the theground therOtln4 theground
ground Randy who was on her way wayfrom wayfrom wayfront
from the wood yard with an apronful apronfulof
1 of chips stopped to watch this athletic athleticfeat athleticfeat athleticfeat
feat When he had set the barrel on onthe 011the onthe
the ground with apparent ease ease she shecomplimented shecomplimented shecomplimented
complimented him She said saidMy saidMy saidMy
My It must be awful nice Bi to be beI be1ht bethat
I that strong Then she ran toward the thekitchen thekitchen thekitchen
kitchen saying ylng 1 blieve I smell my mycookies mycookies
cookies burnln burnlnJim BurnlnJim burninJim II
Jim Ben followed He asked the theI thequeen thequeen
I queen regent of the Weaver eaveI kitchen kitchenif
if I f he might hade a cup of fresh butter buttermlk OOt1mJk buttersilk <
silk She filled for him a quart tin tincup Uncup tincup
cup When he hehad had drunk it all he hewiped hewiped liew
wiped w his hl mouth with Illl the back hA < k of his hisI hishand hishand
I hand and said saidMost aielM08t saidMont
Most gals lets the cream 80ur sour too toolong tooJon toolong
long Jon afore they churn I call that there therebuttermilk thtrebuttennilk therebuttermilk
buttermilk tiptop stuff if you did didchurn didum didchurn
churn um it itRandy ItRandy I
Randy smiled at this frank fra k praise praiseand praiseand
and to show him that It had not fallen fallenI fallenon fallenon j
I on unappreciative ears brought forth fortha
a roll of yellow butter solid < and sweet I
4Piet Vt By Ellsworth E Kelley
Baiidy d7 took off Her Broad Hat and an Her Glossy GIOHYIIa Hair E ir rR Reflected Pected theMoonlig the MoonJight Moonlig lit i
in I ng jr a soft answer ans r turn away wrath wrathThose wrathThose
Those who 110 most violently assailed assailedHale assailedHale assailedElae
Hale in debate bte were often in privateItfCJMB prJate1It private
ItfCJMB 1 Jds derated eded friends as a peasant peasantanecdote etu ulta
anecdote a 1 C te recttea by4 y 2BtJ NIWtan NIWtanbears thanrpont aitSiirg Bt Btbears
bears 1 1I witness In 14SQ the presence of ofa ofa
a I proslavery ery mob hi Washington Washingtonprompted WIUllrinttonprompttd Washingtonrompted
prompted Bale to introduce in the sen senate 5enate ¬
ate a resolution providing for the re reimbursement reImbulIlDIt1t ¬
I imbursement of persons whose proper property ¬
ty I should be destroyed by b riotous as assemblages aseNiblagS ¬
semblages I Henry HenryS S Foote a quick quicktempered fl lck lcktellpered ¬
I tempered Irishman who then repre represented ¬
sented Mississippi in the senate de denounced deJtOIneed deleMneed ¬
nounced this resolution as intended to toprotect toprotect toprotect
protect negro stealing steal adding that thatif thatIf thatIf
if I Hale came to MISSISSIPPI Ml iMippi he would wouldbe wouldbe
be hanged to the nearest t tree and that thathe thatbe thatbe
be Foote would cheerfully assist t his hisexecutioner hisexeeutioner hisexecutioner
executioner It was W UI a most unfortunate unCrtunateapeeb unfrtunatespeech unfortunatespeech
speech I for Foote who 1 as a matter of offact orfact
fact fact was on most intimate terms with withHale withHale
Hale HIs mail in less than forty fortyeight forteight fortysight
eight hottjcs ho was wa burdened with letters lettersfitted
fitted wRit caustic au = tlc revilement and
I RTINa is a process of cooking by byimmersion byimmendOB byr
FRYING F r immersion in amokinghot aaaol iDllhot fat Im Immersion IITtmersion Inmersion ¬
mersionVpresuppoies mersion jresuppo presupposes e the use u of o a alarge IeIaI5e a1are
large quantity of f fat t to Which adds addsthe addsthe d dthe
the inexperienced howsekeeper must Umuetbe muctbe mustbe
be both expensive and wasteful w n No Nomy NoIlly Nomy
my dear madame it is not for if ifproper ifpruper ifproper
proper care is given to it it this same samefat Amft samefat
fat may be used over and over again againfor a again1r n nfer
for frying all sorts of food foodFish foodFlab foodPlait
Fish ball alIs 18 for In instance are usually usuallyfried UMlalbtrted usnaibtried
fried in a few spoonfuls of fat at In a fry frytag frying 17 17m
tag pan I say fried frie4 for thatis tbat 18 the theterm theterm theterm
term generally nerall used but it is an im improper imPIOJt1 improper ¬
proper one onetbe the correct cC 1Ti tord word is saute sautefrom sautefrom ute utefrom
from a French word which we trans translate translate traitslate ¬
late as cooking in a small quantity of offat offllt offat
fat This fat is entirely en y absorbed in inthe inth Inthe
the th process proc of cooking iookhi and when more moreis moreia moreIs
is to be cooked fresh fat moot be betak betaken tak taken taken ¬
en In true frying a portion of tle tlelarger U UJAIgft tletarget
larger quantity fe in bound to be ab absorbed ¬ i i8Or
sorbed 8Or ed but it is I much less than in the theether thectMr
ether method Another and still It ill more moreweighty JOO JOOI JOOweigljty I
weighty consideration is the fact that thatarticles thatarUcle
articles fried by iatnaersion on in fat are arenot arenot arenot
not as difficult diftlcuJt of digestion dlfre on onwhich as those thosewhich thoncwhich
which have been beE n sauted in a little fat fatWhen fatWhen I
I Itie
When frying in deep fat a deep ket kettle hottie ¬
tie of some sort la needed The utensil utensilpreferred uteMIlp
preferred p 1 by many is a roundbottomed roundbottomediron
iron kettle kett k called a Scotch bowl but butmany butmany
many chefs prefer p rfr a flatbottomed flatbottomeclwith on onwith ore <
with a long straight 6trai t handle and a re removable removable ¬
movable crane or tall book attached attachedon
on which to hang the basket which whebdraining wltebdr whichdraining
draining dr tlning its cooked contents For home homeuse homEuse homeuse
use any ans deep saucepan may be taken takenwhen takenwhtn takenwhen
when the family is a very small one oneheavy oneh t
heavy h ar tin or enamel saucepan au epan < holding holdinga bold ins
a pint Jnt and a half j is = = quite large enough enoughA
A wire wir basket ba ket fitting into the th sau sauepsn sauepsnIs au eppn eppnis ps n nf5
is a convenience eon onveniref nipnf hut for occasional occasionaluse t1 t1ue
use a bent Surprise RuJ egg beater beaterwhich tfrwltlh tfrwltlhb which whichis
is i really a fiat wire spoon 5fOOnwill will answer answeradmirably answeradmirabl
admirably admirablyIn admirablIn
In many man houses > lard is the usual usualfrying usualfrying I IrTYin
frying rTYin medium It HI one ne > fault Ss s that it itcontains Iteontalns
contains t to > Httl < > stcarine oI1 < arlu hut this is iseasily I IjJy ieasily
easily jJy remedied n by b adding To it on onthird ontbird >
third of its oulk of o f rendered beef bet > suet suetSuch suetSuh suetSuch
Such mixture as s cottolene < > vegetote vegetoteetc vetoleelf
etc are excellent If one does > s not ob object Object ohJect ¬
ject to the th clinging odor of beaten h aten cot cottonseed rotton8ftd cottonseed ¬
tonseed oil which w l b they contain ontaina a qual quality quality quality ¬
ity common to all vegetable vegetableoiIs vegetableoiIshaving JIb JIbIIaing oiteHaving
Having fa fat in n sufficient quantity < in inthe inthf Inthe
the kettle or auiepin aUtE > j11n it should < l be beheated nl1eated heheated
heated until a thin jbiue biue smoke arises arisesfrom aT arisesfrom ie1I ie1Ifrom
from circumference to center nter Should Shouldthe Shouldthe
the fat contain any wat water r it win hub babbie it1tble hubble ¬
ble and nd splutter but long lon before rore it ha hareached ha4 ha4reechM hareached
reached the desired heat t the h It water 13 tel will willhave wUlmne willhave
have evaporated and the th fat become becomestill bE om omstill >
still for the temperature > required rEqui for forfrying forfrytn forfrying
frying frytn varies from 350 to 400 degrees F Faccording Fin Fsccordtng
according in to the article which Iricb is to be befried betrlec1 befried
fried To test the beat drop In a asmall asmall asmall
small piece of white hite bread hr ad If it turn turngoldenbrown tur turgoldenbron turnsgoldenbrown
goldenbrown in half a minute the thefat th thtat thefat
fat is I hot enough for frying such small smallarticles sm alt
articles arti If as croqufti rrOf Uitlp < For uncooked uncookedarticles unOOkpartklfS I
articles such as t breaded hTf > a d cho hs s smelts smeltsor gmpltor
or iav lj i p ptn t5i > s th broad b aj l ist l ft p t tt < should shut1T4 t
within a week was known aU over the thenorth thenorth I
north as Hangman Foote FooteOne FooteOne FooteOne
One morning a raonUt Ua toter 1 a > Mine Minewoman uS euT euTwoman j
woman front tew ew ewupon Ifllniflphi li i V Vupon eatkB eatkBupon
upon Hs4e and asked Mm TB intercede intercedefor re 41e 41ei
i for her brother r whe bad bewi arrested arrestedfor neSteclI arsestedfor
I for some offense Hale told that he hei I Icould
i could do nothing nothln but that he had a afriend aI afriend
I friend who might andhe aM he tookher took her to toFoote toFoote i iI
I Foote When V the girt had told her herstory herstory I Istol
story Footn said that he thought thou ht he hewould heI hewoWd
would be able to help her and that he hewould hewould hewould
would see the secretary retao of the treasury treasurythe treasurythe
the next day He did so and came eaneaway cameaway j
away a with a pardon for the young ung wo womans womans 0 ¬
I mans brother broth r She went with lth Hale to toFootes
Footes coWuItLee nlttee room and he told toldI I II
I her of his success Then Hale turn turning turnIng ¬
ing to her said Id My dear young lady ladywhen lad ladywhen
when you go back to Neif ef Hampshire Hampshireand HJ1IP nire nireand
I and tell the people there that your yourbrother Tourbrother yourbrother
brother is I out of Ms trouble just t say sayto
I to them the > m will you that he was s released releasedthrough r releasedI sed sedI
I I through the intercession of no other otherperson otherpenon otherI
I person than the senator who is called
turn a deep deepbroVn brown within Ithin the half halfminute halfminute haltminute
minute minuteToo minuteIo minutePto
Too many croquettes or other articles articlesshould artlcleaIbould articlesshould
should not be cooked at once or the thetemperature thetemperature thetemperature
temperature will be lowered and they theymay tJlesmay theYmay
may become fatsoaked THree Tdree or four fourcroquettes tourcroquette1J fourcroquettes
croquettes or oysters would WQUIfl be besuf ant sufficient antficient ¬ I
ficient to cook at once in a sfeail sauce saucepan sauCfpan saucepan > ¬
pan When they are taken out mo moment moment mewent ¬
ment or two should be allowed allowedelapse all aLl wed wod wodelapse te teeJap
elapse e before cooking more that the theI thefat thefat
I fat may have time to regain its first ftllltperature Orettemperature
1 temperature perature Croquettes and other othercooked otbeied othecooked
cooked ed articles are done as soon as asbrowned ubro1rne asbrowned
browned which hleb usually takes boar aboufminute atmurminute t 1 1minute
minute while bIIe raw articles which must mustfee mustbe i
be cooked as well as browned brownedshout need needshout ueeclbout
shout live minutes and when ht > n they be begin ¬ j
gin In to rotor must be drawn to toone one side sidethat sidethat
that the heat may penetrate netratoe and cook cookthe cotdcthe
the interior without burn burning Ing the swr Rrface surface swrface
face faceIn faceIn faceIn j
In most cases c articles which are to tobe tobe tobe
be fried tied areencased are ijsed in a covering con containing containln containhtg ¬
taining tainln egg In some form as dipping dippingin
in raw egg egUlen then rolling in crum crumbs or orthe orthe orthe
the use of an egg and flour batter This Thisis ThteIs Thisis
is partly f fothe fo the sake of appearance appearancetut > nee neetut
tut largely Ja 17 because iecaUe t the intense e heat featInstantly heatInstantly i iI
I instantly cooks the egg and forms formsrasing l aeasing
easing rn around the food which pre JXf JXfftTVe peeserves j jserves
serves the Juices in raw foods and andprevents nct nctprevents fldprevents
prevents cooked CCK ked ones from absorbinb absorbinbthe
the fat Forthis l Per 1 this reason care should abmlldalys shouldalways shouldalways
always be taken that in dipping into intoeither intoeither
either egg e or batter every portion of ofthe orthe ofthe
the surface of the article artl to be fried friedshould friedslloidd friedshou1l
should be property r coated coatedIf ted tedIf
If fish cr any article which < h might mighttaint m mighttaint ht
taint the t e fat has been be n fried in it add addwhen addwhen addwhen
when the frying is completed a a pared paredI paredraw d
I raw potato cut in thin siires ie anidraw anidrawto an4drawI
to one side sld where whe it wIll slowly cook cookj cookto cookto
j to chips t toen > ien take tak from Iom the fire As Assoon1 Assvon
soon1 soon as its intense heat has passed passedaway p8scdway passedawsi V
away way strain the fat through tifaeeiw tifaeeiwcloth 1 1doth
cloth laid in a sieve If crumb bits of ofi offlour offlour
i flour or dough are left in it they set Stttie settie
1 tie to t the bottom when hf the > fat is i re reheated reheated I Iheattd
heated and so burn and discolor it that thatIt 1 i
It cannot be uvd u d as often as otherwise otherwiseI othen othenIt
I it mu must then be put putujre aside for soap soapmaking ap i imaJdn
> making maJdn To the strained fat so long longi I i ia8
i as 5 it is light colored rl more can < be beadded eadded beadded I
added from time to time timeWhen tim timeWhen I
When hen fried articles are taken from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the hot fat they should be held over it itj itfor J
j for an instant to drip they are then theulaid thenlaid I Ilaid
laid on unglazed paper papfrdan < loan grocers grocersr goresIapcr grocersraper
r Iapcr a per will d dH dosrca4 > spread on a shallow ujJI pan loa loafty ianAny
I Any fty melted fat remaining on them is1 is1absorbed Isl 1 1absorbed
absorbed by the paper and they lh y may ma J II
be b served sen if desIred on napkins laid laidon i ion
j on hot dishes Do not let the > articles articlesi articlestouch articlestouch
i touch or overlie each ther or 0 they tb will willi willlose
i lose their crispness crispnrssIn crlspn 8 8In 1
In this day of gafl ga stove st ffrl a possible possibledanger possibledanger
danger dang r to be guard guarded I asai against is thatj thatptth > f fthe
the th fat catching fire re from an open openflame opet1ame openflame
flame ame Every housewife > should re reI remember iemember
I member that water dashed on burn burning bumIng ¬
ing fat waiters attEr it and increases il1t > a s the theflrf thefiri I
fire Tse ashes 3sh Hixral l r fI1 < or f they attj attjnot a ae
not handy hand flour ith ithr v will ur srrjther rn rnhe
he h flames
in New ew Hampshire e Hangman Foote Footeand Footeand
and who ho promised to hang me if I went wentto went1 wfltto
to Mississippi 1 lppl What t he has donefor doneforL ror rorJOUaH4l
JOUaH4l > toli L and 2id4tOUthehthet uwcjbrBffner er is 1 tWe sjrct prt0P prt0Phmigmaii t Jtf1 Jtf1hangman
hangman he te Were Hale put HIthIs War Wararm htsarm
arm around Footes shoulder and the theMississippi theMimioipp1
Mississippi n i ppi senator was affected to totears totears i itean
tears tearsHale tearsHale <
Hale as the presidential candidate of ofthe ofthe I
the Free F e Democracy cut bttt t a minor minorfigure minorfigure
figure in the election returns of 1852 1852polling 1S52polling
polling only 156006 popular votes The Thebarnburners Thebarnburners e
barnburners having bavln gained revenge in in1S48 In154i
1S48 had hadugone gone back tothe to the regular De Democracy Demoerac Bemoeracv ¬
mocracy moerac whose candidate Pierce Piercescored PiercescoTed
scored scored an ocerwhelmlng victory Hale Halecontinued Haleeolitlnued Haleeo
continued eo tlnued in the senate ge ate a dozen years yearsor yearsor
or more and he lived long lon enough to toreoice
reoice over the downfall of slavery and andthe andthe I
the restoration of the die Union Owing Owinghowever Ow Owinghowever I
however to the machinations of a ahandful ahandful ahandful
handful of smallfry politician p 1itlcillfttJ in New NewHampshire Ne NewHampshire
Hampshire his hi test days were spent spentin nt ntIn
in comparative obscurity o urtt another man mantaking mantaking mantaking
taking from him the seat in the senate
V All sorts of food foodlilia fish meats lI1ea vege vegetables vegetableb ¬
tables and batters or doughs doughsmay way y be befried befried betried
fried special recipes reci have already been beengiven Hengive1 beengived
given and more will follow from time timeto timeto timeto
to time tlm We Ve give today t two welch ltlck can canbe can1t enbe
be varied in many ways a71S and one for a aspecial aJ aspecial
special J dessert dessertCroquettes detlJertCroqUfttesIn deusertCroquettesIn
Croquettes CroqUfttesIn In a saucepan put two twotablespoonfute
tablespoonfuls of butter three table tablespoonfuls tablespoodfuls I
spoonfuls apoo ful of flour onebale of a tea teaspoonful teanful teaspoonful
spoonful nful of sale and onequarter of oftMSllOOnrul a ateaspoon ateaspoonful
teaspoon teaspoonful ful of pepper e per Heat and when whenmixed whnmixed whenilaed
mixed add gradually cnehalf pint of ofliquid ofIqukFrnllk
liquid Ii4ruldmflk milk Mock water watertttn strained ned to tomatoes toniatoes ¬ I
matoes etc Stir until the mixture is isvery h isvery
very thick draw dra w to one side and cook cookfor cookfor II
for ilve minutes Have ready one pint pintof pintof
of finely chopped cold cooked meat or orAsa ornh
Asa vegetaMee ftg may also be used u if ifnot ifnot I
not botto too moist seasoned to tetaste t taste with withsalt withsalt I
salt pepper ORion or lemon mon nice etc etcAdd et
Add to the nokedSCLuce evoked sauce mix thor I Ispread
ibly < spread on on a greased dish and andet I I i
sot et away until cold and nd Cnn Break an anegg ane
egg e m le a saucer add a tablespoonful of
hot water and d beat enough to break the thestrmgjness thestringiness
stringiness it must not not be frothy
Have ready a quantity of ftne dry
crumbs JTIImhebread bread is best as crackers con ¬
taut talDSbor shortening Ia and give a cruet which whichquickly whkhQtdckly whichquickly
quickly soften softens Mold the mixture into intoany totoany
any desired shape dip each into the thegg thee I
e gg then roll in the crumbs Fry as
directed c1bectedPritter j jFritter IFritter I
Fritter Batter BatttrSeparate Separate the whites I Ind 1and
aDd nd yolks of two eggs eg beat the yolks yolksiadd f I
add onehalf oneb If of a teaspoonful of salt saltand Ht i iand jand
and a half cupful of sifted flour add a
tablespoonful of melted butter and beat beathard
hard Add the white beaten stiff stiffmix stiffmix ti timix
mix lightly and set a alidi id for ppvera wri
hours If for or nsh ft h or vegetable add a
dash d3 h of 0 pepper if for fruit tn it a half t ta < a i iiponful
iponful tUI of powdered sugar Into this tbl I 1the
P > the desired det articles I
sr s > that each t j
piece kce e receives r hfS a thorough thnrou h but thin thincoating I
coating then drop into the hot fat As Asa Asa Asa V >
a dessert ert nse II with sliced bananas or r i
halved ba1f 1 peaches 8h and I
serve ne with a sau sauFried sauce > au < e eFriEd
Fried CrAm r rehuiSeaIl mScsld Scald one pint of inik inika i iin iin V
in a double boiler with an inch stick I
of cinnamon Mix together one table tablespoonful I Ispoonful Ispoonful
spoonful of flour two tablespoon tablt tablespoonfuls > poontuls fuls of ofcorn o orom ofcorn
corn starch a half cupful of o sugar a apinch apinch apinch
pinch of salt and two eggs Add the themilk themllkremoing themilkremoving
milk mllkremoing removing the cinnamon cinnamonreturn cinnamonreturnto return returnto
to the double boiler and stir tir and Rn 1 cook coOkuntil ookuntil j juntil
until it is very ery thick th kk then cover aiul aiuleook
rook for OJ ftfteen rainntdb min1lt Stir in a ta ta9poon t tlfj teaspoonful
9poon spoonful ul of vanilla and andollt one teasrpoonful teasrpoonfulof I
of butter and turn Into a buttered shal ¬
low pan When firm cut in pieces pl egg gg
and crumb as for croquettes frybrown fryhrownand I Iand I
and serve with
powdered sugar or a aCondemned I
HU sauce i
1 1Condemned
V Condemned CondemnedStinUy CondemnedfFhliadfip CondemnedfFliiideiphla I
fFhliadfip fFliiideiphlaStinayti4d hla l1 Press Presstry > I
StinUy Stinayti4d IXtJ IXtJSKj iliJ oi try tr that iieir vr f ave iavetf aeyoJ
yoJ SKj yc T rliay rliaybtJlItyy 1ay 1ayMirH
MirH btJlItyy btJlItyyti1jtor1L yY s s5ftnjnyVri I IV
5ftnjnyVri 5ftnjnyVriMarklcy a hat its tf the wrJktV nr urJict urJictMtrkieyQutlt lid V
Marklcy MtrkieyQutlt yu ullt j
4 + + + + 4 e ewith
I with little curved decorations narked narkedi ked kedon
i on it with itb the butter IM paddle How How Howdo I Ido
do you like the looks 1 o that she sheasked1 shekQt1 sheasked
asked asked1Thats askedTbats kQt1 kQt1Thats
Thats th t the genuine truck truckenough shore shoreenough sJIorfI
enough I bet youre yo re the best hired hiredgal hlrril hhelgal
I gal l thats been in this kitchen in tate tjteUit qeIt tatelast
last t ton n year yearLa yeafI V VV
V La I bet ray cookies is burn hernia in this thistime thISUtm thislime
I time fer shore She surried to the theoven t theoven e eand
oven and withdrew therefrom a pan of ofcookies ofrookie8 ofrookks
cookies that were done to a turi tU91 The Theodor ThendJr Theodor
odor came tantaludngly < y to Jim Bens Bensj BensIlJostrii8 Bensnostriis
j IlJostrii8 nostrils He hesitated he a moment and andthen andthn andthen
then remarked tentaively tentaivelyI tent lv lvI V Vt
I 1 u usad wl to sort olikr o II like fresh cookies cookieslike cookieslike cookieslike
like them themKandr themltandy themhandy
handy listened a a moment momentI
1 I thought I beard Mis Weaver call callin callil1 callin
in she explained N NO o sh e aunt aintacaUhV alntacaUin auntacaflin
acaUhV Shes i tost ust taslltl aaingJn shtglu 1 out on ontbe onthe j
the front porch Shes doin some sew sewin ae aeIn sewIn
in out there She 511 gave Jim Ben a acoofc 8Jlm acook
cook coofcJim V VJIITI
Jim Ben munched the coolly and andfeasted andteastd andfeasted
feasted Ms eyes on the neat graceful gracefulform JitI gracefulform ceful cefulform
form of o the redheaded rec hea ed girl He was wasnot wasnot wasnot
not given to day dreams Still as be besat hesat besat
sat ther he conjured up u a homely homelyvision hornetI homelyvision
vision v n of domesticbites e 7blss bl88 in the log loghouse chouse loghouse
I house on the lower eighty air r Weav Weaver WeavI ¬
er had talked tal of renting rentl nS out the lower lowereighty lowere lowereighty
eighty e 1tty next year If IfNow fNo V V VNote
I Now No Jim Ben you toddle along out outo
0 here How you spose e Im ever gels golnto gelsto ln lnto
to get my work done up an you all the thetime thetime j jtime
time foolin round in the way wayNot wayNot I INot
Not being bel able e to answer this tit very verypointed verYpointed verypainted
pointed question q quesqon on he slouched out ut and andwent andwent andwent
went to mend tiie d the fence around the thehog thep88tr thehog
hog pasture He H was in such high hu huroor buI hamor
mor that be never swore once not even evenhew ev evtifR eveniihes
iihes hew a strand of the barb b wire broke brokemuch brokem1Mh brokemuch
much to the demoralization dem raJization of his hisj hisov
j 1 overhalls overhallsWhen ov rballs rballs1I11Ik1n V VI
I When milking 1I11Ik1n time came Jhn Ben Beni Ben8uckIecJ en ensuckled
i suckled the t calves as he was accus accusj
I tonwi to do t and then thenwhich which he was wasi
i f not dccttstomed to do do dogallantly gallantly llU1t1y of offered 0 0f offered
fered f to milk the Holstein cow a no notoriously DOttously noI
I toriously bard milker He sat on a astool titlatoof astool
stool under the Holstein and milked milkedwith milkedwith
latoof with both hands white Randy was milk milking milkbig ¬ I
big the Jersey They kept up a run running runnine rimning ¬
ning fir ftrt > joC f repartee reptteeuS8yln sayin smart smartthings smArttbJ smartthings
things in the vernacular They were werehaving wertvlnl werehaving
having vlnl quite an enjoyable time until untilJim untilJim untilJim
Jim Ben somewhat GJ ewMt deficient in finesse finessemade floessemaclt finessemade
made the pretended error of mistaking mistakingherauburn mistakingherauburn mistakingherauburn
herauburn tresses for the setting sun sunAstream SUIIA sunA
Astream A stream of milk shot across the th in intervening 10terveni1Jg inteivenhig ¬
tervening space It took him fairly in inthe inthe inthe
the face f and he fled fleef in sheer terror terrorfearing terrorrellrln terrorfearing
fearing rellrln the bucket of milk would fol follow lollow follow ¬
low For two days he was in disgrace disgraceand disgraceand disgraceand
and then came the singing school schoolWhen Cboolhen schoolWhen
When hen the supper was done and the thedJehes ibedl thedishes
dishes dl washed that evening Jim Ben Benmade BenJIIa4e Benmode
made his appearance in the kitchen kitchendean kitchenclean kItchenclean
clean shaved and clad in Sunday Sunda rai raiment raiment riV ¬
ment As Randy looked at him she shecould sbtacoaJd shecould
could not help thinking he was really reallya i ia
a manly looking fellow though his hismonth hllth hismonth
month th was too largeto Iug to permit of his histoeing Iii Iiibeing hisbeing
being called handsome She did not nottefl notten notteflhim
ten teflhim him so She only remarked
Historic Third Party Movements
at tVthe the floodtide of his popularity was wasthe wasthe wasthe
the candidate cf f the Whigs and Polk Polkthe Polkthe Polkhe
the t he nominee n of the Democrats ne The Themocracy Thennecjton
ai an a nnecjton xanr of T Texsp to hlo V JLtheaE iLthe iLtheii
mocracy i ii ercy was u cwmnitted was the t1Minat dom dominant daisnsat ¬
inant i nsat issue of th the hour The Whig WhigPlatform VhIgpIatfoim ir
Platform was s V silent upon the subject subjectbut subjectbut bjett
but subsequently Clay wrote his se secalted 59celled soalled
celled c Raleigh letter in which hleh he heannounced heannounced
announced his opposition to annexa annexation anuexaion ¬
tion t then alarmed by the dissatisfac dissatisfaction dssatlstaction dissatisfacion ¬
tion t of his friends in the south be hewrote bewrote bewrote
wrote again this time the Alabama Alabamaletter Alabamaletter Albamaetter
letter l in which Bleb he temporised with the theburning theINIllhg thebnruh
burning INIllhg bnruh question He conk not have havecontributed RaveOntr havecontributed
Ontr contributed Jutd more effectively to his own ownundoing onundeing ownundoing
undoing His vacillating vcilJatI course failed failedto faJlecIt failedto
to t reinstate aim in southern favor vor and andit andIt andt
it I t cost < him much mu 1a of his northern northernsup northernsupport sup support ¬
port portBirneys
Birneys popular vote of CXMt tz was wassufficient wassucIent 5 5dent
sufficient dent to turn New ew York and Mich Michgan ¬
igan I gan from the Whigs bip and to give Polk Polka i
a majority of sixtyfive 8 xtyOV in the electoral electoraljp electoralThus electoralcpllege
cpllege jp ege Thus Birneyg candidacy candicla Y in
TW put an end to Clays Clay lifelong Ufe am ¬
bition bitl tR < to reach the presidency made madepossible madepossible
possible the entrance tItranceo of Texas into the
Union as a slave state and vitally and andprofoundly andprofoUDclly andprofoundly
profoundly influenced Inft enced the entire subse aubeequent subsequent subeeqoent ¬
quent history of the country Birneys Birneyscareer Bnieyscareer
career ca after IM4 was an uneventful one
for in n 1845 114 a fall from a horse disabled disabledflJ
him flJ phylleaUy y9lcaIly and nd compelled him to
withdraw from all 11 active participation
in inpoJiies politico The home of his last days daYSj
IS was la ESb Perth b ATOb Amboy ° y N J where lie
died < e in in 19K just four yea yfttD before the II
Mgtnnfnr nln of r the armed contest pre ¬ I
clplt cipitated tertl by the champion claalaP of the sy aye 1 1tem
tem which he had combated for a gen
eration eraUoQTIle erationThe
TIle nt next > n third party to figure in n na
tJonal affairs also turned e the e 8n Scale e In a
presidential election eleCt on This was as the
Free Soil oli party which founded
in 13 13i 1
took for Its creed the wnmot proviso
of i 184 ls
and confined Its
efforts eort to ex exi exntl
eluding < slavery tlODl froi the t territories
A dominant element In n the ne new party
however was the th New York beruburn mbum
era or r a ntl
tklavery ilvwy Democrat > > ocrats who
hailed i Van V Bitten M their leader and anda an
who were we move anxious
a to
re refusing re
venle ven on on the DPtnratic
fusing fU8in their idol tbeldSSJ0 tbeldSSJ01V thepNalident the presjdentj party lI for nom re
inatloft in 18 18U werfto
1V than they
were to bar tarrlk
slavery from the t rrltories When hEn
hI rlk whose hOH os > asplrattoDs aspfrstj Prations had deadlocked deadlockedT
th the
Dtm Democratic > atk national I
convention of
1144 and given th the nmlraUon to Polk
T was made iad tht the J Demoaatic > mocratie
1841 1M candidate in ini 11
the > barber
feat bent nt upon his d de
secured ured COntrol or the Free Soil
onvenUon I
ahd nominated
Buren n on a plo form <
declaring for
fne i soil < oil free fr I
speech sPfh h and free men
This emo maneuver I lo lost New 1 w York to t the I
Democracy Tac < and staled
the fate at of Cass Cassa
the Whig Vh andidal
a majority of t
votes In the
electoral colle college
Van Buren
polled niio bo bad
291iS votes ote I
a fourth of
were ere flemocratj mratit I
retired to berome been th the
sage of th the village of
while hlte
continued in public liff Iif ulidf
turbed showin showing hj his real
greatness in
the >
serenity renit
with whkh
he acoeptpJ I
def defeat defeatIn t tIn
In 1 th fr
Ivbsidentia ident is
the Fr lre Soil nominee > of ofJohn
party which
now Riled
itself th F Fre f D I
moersY was John Johnment
Hal of 4
Xea f Ham hampshire
Pthlrl f1P on
moat or th the
winning and
the admiublf < figures In
bj8tor h1lory
of the hI anti
SOIlslavery laHry
ment Ha Half mw move
t egan gan nf life hlf
at < a Dt
and nd in T843 Tst ho4n nrcrat
was a chosen ho en as the
Amative entatlve of hi his d district Hct Hctinterregnum in tepee
but I
breaking cong congress S
with hi his
nxatlon of Tex3 failed party on the an I
Ht then made a reelection
hip memorable canvass anVA of
a candidate andidat
for Itna Senator tor
and at t its cl >
save 8 p for a btf Won thE fat which
for shPPI1 sixtee interregnum interr > glUm ne nedistinct fl held
yera LIT A
ma8t1etic speaker
Hale JOe1lft8ed P ° essod
I t voice of
adapted foJr f Singularly I
and be
fully cUlthaed bacI care
for hem without so that Wall JO fbJe J
Kf rnfn
speak M that ° rort to 1
m mense > n throngs could be h herd ard by im I
with ith erfect
distinct distincto
nest His
VOje oh >
e chamJg f was wa m mellow lIow o and andof
g n
were his
ThOlgh mannel8
h for
vowed eralears th the only I
atE fact DURIaery man In the seJ1 f
which hich m3de madehim him thf > Crt I
quent targEt for abu abuSe
a assault ault
he bad
perfect rftt ommanll cf l hl
an tfmp tetor < T
and was as it i
Fussier 1r of th an f mak I
which hirh he had earned earned the right to fill fillso fillo fillso
so long as he should care toremain to remain in inpuWic InjUWic Inpublic
public life lifeTtog liCey lifeof
y Ttog presidential ti tyaggjgn in 189 189UwHRht
UwHRht t M > the th fe < er the r DSt st poMrf naII naIIof t tof V
of all the t third parties rtles which have ap appeared apPNred appeered ¬
peered in American polities poJlti except pt the thePsjmHflt thePepukJt thiV
POpulist party of a more recent time timeThis timeTills timeThis V
This was V the Knownothing or Amer American American AmerV ¬
ican party rty originally an oathbound oath bound or order order ordee ¬ V
der for the th avowed purpose of checking checkingthe checkfnthe ehecktnthe
the influence of foreignborn Corelgn bonl voters votersBecause voteru votersBecause
Because u e its members professed utter utterignorance utternce uttelignoince
ignorance nce of its existence txlBten e they became becameknown becamtknown ame ameJaton
known as Knownothings In 18S4 the theyear theyear theyear
year in which wbl the Republican R blkttD party partywas partywas partyI
was born the Knownothings carried carriedMassachusetts carriedXaMadlutMtl5 carriedI I
Massachusetts and andD Delaware laware and m mchusetts ish8 I
h8 6 they swept the states ates of u ucbuletts Mama Mamachusetis
chusetts New Hampshire Rhode Isl Island Islnd Teland ¬
and nd Connecticut New Ne York Maryland MarylandKentucky Xarylan4J MarylandKentucky
Kentucky J and California Then relax relaxing relaxlug x xiug ¬
lug most of their secrecy secree and adopting adoptingthe adoPlintP
the name American party in 1S56 they theynominated tbeynominated the thenominated P
nominated Mlllard Flllmore for presi president president ¬
dent and hi so doing doln brought defeat to tothe to1m tcthe I
the Republicans Fremont the nom nominee nomInee ¬
inee of the latter party carried eleven elevennorthern clevernorthern I
northern states but the interposition interpositionof
of Fillmores candidacy eandid8 lost him Penn Pennsylvania Pft1nsylvania PennI ¬
sylvania and a Illinois and assured the theelection theeietloD I
election of Buchanan the Democratic Democraticcandidate Democratscandidate e V
candidate Iflllmore carried one state stateand statend stateand
and nd his popular vote was S740W 84 as ascompared a S Scompared
compared with 130WM 1 for Fremont Fremontand Fremontand Fremoniand
and 1 1JSS001 M9 M for f r Buchanan BuchananIn
In the campaign n of UfO 131 there were weremany wereD
D aD ninny many voters who 110 refused to take their theirplace theirPlace thellplace werir r
place in the t Republican party with withLincoln tthLiDroin I IUncuin
Lincoln as its candidate or in either eitherof eitheror r rof
of the warring factions of the Democ Democracy Demoerae Democracy ¬
racy rae one of which i < h had nominated nominatedDouglas nomiDatedDouglas I
Douglas and the other Breckinridge BreckinridgeThis Brecklnrid e eThis
This body bod of voters was composed composedchiefly romposedchlefty I Ichiefly
chiefly of Know Kno Nothings NothID and old oldWhig oldWhig I IWhige
Whig reinforced by a sprinkling of ofultraconservative orultraron OI i iultra
ultraconservative ultraron ultra eonseryativ ervaUvE Democrats and tim timid timid t tm tmId ¬
id Republicans who h4J rightfully feared fearedthat tearedthat I Ithat
that the election of Lincoln would pre precipitate preripitat peecipitate ¬
cipitate secession and civil war ar These Theseadop Thenadeptd e eadoptd
adoptd adop d the name of Constitutional ConstitutionalUnionists ConstitutionalUnionim I IUnionists
Unionists and seeking to steer st a mid midties middle middie
die OUrge < bfohretn theto greet par parties i
ties on the slaveryteiue ulseery ery it nominated nominatedBell I IHell I
Bell and Kverett ierstt on a Iffonn platform which whichdeclared hleh hlehIelared I Ideclared
declared vaguely for or th the const ColJ colistitutior titltion ittit ion ionof I Iof j
of th the > country the Union of the states statesand statesand stainV
and the th > enforcement of the laws la V
Though the start n fought f against the theConstitutional tileComtituUonal C CConstitutional
Constitutional Unionists they the never nevertheless u nevertbetetzs > er ertbpeft5 ¬
theless polled a popular vote of 590QM 590QMand 9f 9fand l land
and carried the states sta of Virginia Ken Kentucky Kentu Kentueky
tucky tu ky and Tennessee Tft1 with an electoral electoralvote eJtoctomlote I Ivote
vote ote of thirtynice the largest vote vot ote C
in the electoral college e ever gained by byany bany hI F Fany
any minor party JI Lincoln ubad had a popu ¬
lar vote ote of 1816180 1sc6 and 1S 1 ISO electoral electoralvotes tlectoralvot 1 1votes
votes vot and Breekinridge the nominee nomineeof S Sof
of the southern wing f f the be Democracy Democrn V Vhad
had 84g0f 848 popular and seventytwo seventytwoelectoral 8 entytwo entytwoelectoral Ii Iieiectral
electoral votes while4Douglas had 1
375000 popular votes but in the elec ¬
toral I college received r Jed only Missouris Missourisnine iUs ourisnine 5 5nine
nine votes and three of New Ne Jerseys Jerseysseven Jerseysen S SSeven
seven sevenThe SevenThe en enThf
The > first third party part to appear In the thefiHd theflfl th C Cfipid
fiHd flfl after the civil war v r period was the theLibrraJ tMLi th C CLiberal
Li Liberal beTa I Republican which w lch In n JS72 1St with witirecJey
Grerley Grfle recJey as its candidate candJ < and the in ¬
dorsement t of the Democrats Jem nts carried carriedsix carriedX carrinstates
six X states tate with sixtythree IIfxtyth electoral electoralvotef elctursvotes ra1 ra1otfF
votes as compared with 28C 20 electoral electoralvio I Iv
vio v II r s Derived rFcf fd by Grant The campaign campaignf ri rif
f 172 J also 10 marked the entrance entn ce of the lb e
Prohibition party pledged edged to the sup supprp supp supreon
prp p reon < ion of the manufacture and sale saleof sal e eakoholic
of alcoholic liquors by state and federal federal1f i
legislation 1f f4ation which hlth has ha had a ticket in inth inthf ii a athe
th the > field in every subsequent presiden presidential ¬
taI canvass Though the Prohibition Prohibitionists ¬
ists i t have ha P never nV 1 attained an electoral electoralvote LI LIvote 1 1otp
vote otp or elected a member of congress congressir I Iit
ir is i m rore E than probable that in one oneo of oftheir r rthtr
their presidential for gl > ntial canvasses they de decided Jedded 41eided ¬
cided the t tc contest coat t The The2 25000 OOO votes in II rt
New York which w lh in In1884 1SS4 went to St StJohn SiJohn V
John the > Prohibitionist Prohlbitif > nist nominee three
fourths of which hlcll were doubtless divert dlvertpci
pci from the Republicans Rt > pubUeaDS made possible possibJC e etlevcIands
< tlevcIands l vHands plurality of 1047 1O over eve Ii
Blame RJ iinf < > in that state > Clevelands elec electoral eleI < V ¬ I
toral I ral vote otp was as 219 and Blames 1S2 If I Vf
New York tad gone one Republican RepublicanElaines I Iflames
BlainE total electoral vote would hay havbwn C Cbeen I IbM
been bM n 218 J 1I 8 and he instead tn ad of Cleveland Clevelandxv ci citv I
xv would < ° > uld have been president presidentTh
Th TI > < T r reesck i II1l a < < fe party the hf distinctive distinctivevhtuw di distilttivI tintin C i iwhuC4
I whose Te reed Kl was th the < issue of ofiiir e i iI
iiir I r ny s c iljre rJjJ4Otty lly by directly by b thr thrs th C I Ia
s vemmeat nun ut to the exclusion of the th VC I
O 4 4uLand
Land alive Whats the t1 little 1 bole boy boygohV 1 1gota V
gohV ole to do doNotbln now nowNothin nowNothht
Nothin much Nothln but take takethe t1ke1M takethe
the hired girl to the statin school schoolRun I schooiRun htOl htOlRYD
Run along eiatrj an git on yer er things thingsan thll1gb thingskn >
b an dirt d dt keep me waltin waltinStrange w waitinStrange ltln ltlnstraace
Strange to say the hired girl obeyed obeyedaging obeYedS obeyedSlpging
S Slpging aging school was over and they theyi tkeyhad theyhad
had i reached the front fr nt gate on their theirway theirw theirway
way w y home The stars were we abash Aba abashet abashetand ht > 1 1and Ianc
and pale in the presence of the re resplendent respkmdeot resplendent ¬
splendent fall moon The couple stoo stooby 5151 5151by 1 1by
by the gate in silence for a moment momentpaying momentaylnC momentpaying
paying involuntary tribute to the glory gloryof
of the night They Tbt > y sat down on th thhorse thhorse Uihorse
horse block by the gate Randy took tookoff tOkoff too toooff
off her broad hat and her glossy hair hairreflected hltl hltlreilected hairreflected
reflected the moon moonlight light in a shadow shadowway shad shadway shednvway
way until something very pry like no poe poeawoke ry ryawoke naoke
awoke in the heart art of Jim Ben andh andhthought and h htboU1ht hthought
thought of the halo aboat the head or orthe of ofthe otthe
the Madonna that hung on th t the walj waljof wllof 11 11of
of the best room H Hf > pondered for a amoment am ain
moment m in nient and then said saidRandy sa saidItandy id idnand
Randy nand Fit take back what I saif ait aittether l il iltQUu
tether r night nghtabout about your hai hail1 y yOU yOUknow tt f fkno
know kno Its mighty ml hty purty hair if itit It Itis V VIs
is red redShe redSbe V VShe
She gave him a grateful little gttliae gttliaeIve gMne1ve i iurve
urve Ive never went with a gal gal1te afwra afwrahe ar arlie
he went on Never keered to t > some eay someway e eway
way ay None of em come up to what whatmother whetmother t tmother
mother used to bo b Shes bes dd d you youknow f fknow c cknow
know Mother wa was nn n pv ful fulcook fulcook w V Vcook
cook though tho gh sometimes shes sheshectic set setJ u uleetle
hectic J too much shut h soO o tI iy y > 1 i tn n < jfcjrt jfcjrtShe 34 tt ttShe lti ltiShe
She was as neat as a pin about her herkeepln h hkeepfn house housekeepln V
keepln too I tell you Yo she na namake sto to t tmake t tmake
make me walk chalk when I come comethe hi hithe I Ithe
the kitchen with Uh mud on mj 1T17You boetaT boetaTYou tat tatYou
You put me in mind o her in 1ftways lots loOse o oways 7 7ways
ways Thats why I brought the e water waterand waterand war warand
and got t the kindlinX and sort o wait waiton walton waiton >
on you like And her butter rjtter and andT aDdyoUrnta nd ndrnastee
yoUrnta rnastee < tes adzady a alike alikeTrnt Ii lEe lEeTanteverybody
T Tanteverybody Trnt tnt everybody that knows knowsto MW MWto ewto
to make good butter shyly afltmlttea afltmltteaRandy dmittfCtRand a4mittertRandy
Randy RandyYou Rand 0 0You V
You bet it aint f fervently fervDUyed rv ntly respond responded
ed Jim Ben And Ive always saId aaMwhen adwhEm saIdwhen
when I did get et married I wa won gob to t thev tohey r rhev
hev a wife that could come np npher p wtth wtthher widIher
her at butter makhV and andkeepln andJce besse bessekeeplu
keepln keeplnRandys Jce keepluRandys ln lnRandys V
Randys hat slipi slipped > ed from her lap lapte laptethe Ispthe te tethe °
the ground Both n readied albecJ for It It Itas and andas andas
as they the stooped they buntfed bumedbSdL bumedbSdLShore bead beadShore
Shore sign well we be together lIer this thistime tillstitn thistime
time nex year observed Randy Band TPo TPoanswer Yoanswer or V Vanswer
answer Jim Bens big bjguiajid hand dosed doMdh gent gently gently ¬
ly on her slender unresisting unresl8t AnpnM lagers angeiaso
so loud he felt swre re she most hear It ItRandy ftRandy ItRandy
Randy I Ithat that is isIve Ive got six hen htmdred hendeed u udred
dred dollars loAd up Next spring Im Imthinkin Imthlnkin Imthinkin
thinkin of buying bu otn a span o bosses and aRdrentin andrentin
1 rentin the lower eighty e hty Iy do M Mi 11and itand
i and well en go into business ba e4neus fer owradves owradvesif 4MIIW8I 4MIIW8IIf
if you you Just say the th word Will you youThe yo yoThe yopThe
The redheaded girt turned her 1IIetto fiftee fifteeto ee eeto
to his with a happy smile and said as ashe ashe ashe
he kissed the patch of freckles on her IJerebk beecheek s sch
ch cheek ek ekUrnhub I IPmhuh
Urnhub But I bet I make ke you youthink youthink
think of yer ma moren once Jim JimBen JimBen AmBen
i Ben BenCopyrlght Copyright by S S McClure cClur A ABy Co CoBy I V Vp VV VBy
By By Rufus RufusRockwell RufusRockwell RufusRockwell V
Rockwell Wilson Wilsonbanks Wilsonbanks WilsonV V
banks came ca into existence eX Me m IR ISICand ISICandin U14 sad sadIn d din
in ISiS 18W 1 and t8S4 had pi p pihlttinl I hlliitial hlliitialtickets lal lalticketll V Vtickets
tickets in the field U l ItpyJpej ItpyJpejan never neveran tlt tltaft
an electoral eleelIllvet vote voteI tiJp u to to1if toUIclI V
UIclI 1if 1ifQd 4IWi
V V Vand
I and in ISM 1 when JMion Jaine h IaetIts B qKBaver qKBaverwas r rws
was its candidate for preaMfcnt t it itpolled ItpoIlfd itpolled
polled d07MS 3N popular vote vOttL It Itto V Vto ceased ceasedto
to figure ft re In the national election tlfft1Oftums re returns yeturns ¬
turns after 18S4 hi but its doctrines of flat flatmoney tlatmoney flatmoney
money supplied the leading leadin < article for forthe lorthf toeth
the th creed of the Union C l Labor party partywhich intyWAlch phvtywhich
which in i 1 ISftS with Ateon on J Streeter Streeteraa Streeteraaits M Mits asits
its candidate for president polled 10 10o <
609 o votes vot The PopvHst party of more moterecent morereent
j recent years may also be said to tothe he bethe
i the national successor of the Graenbactc GPeftI GPeftIparty GYnenbictparty Graenbactci
i party for in its J IInrt rst st national ftUon ftUont nationaltlm conven
j tion t held at Omaha in 1SK 1 two years yearsafter JeatSartfr yearsafter
after it first came to tile front as a a apowerful apowerful
powerful political factor H ititslf declared declareditself cIeda I IitJf
itself against apin the t issue Of f gold bonds bofi4and boR4ahd bondsatid
and the national banking system and andin andin
in V favor of an increase in gnCIItaekthe Kreenbaok Kreenbaokthe greenbemthe
the free coinage of silver 811 at the theof ratio
i or of sixteen to one a graduated inconv inconvtax j jtax hmometax
tax tax government control of oftt ratfways ratfwaysj ralwaysVtelegraphs
j tt telegraphs > pltll and telephones and the thei tileabolition theabolition
i abolition of alien ownership of rf land landIn 1ImcJIn kudin
In 1SW iS the Populists with ith James R RWeaver 1We BWeaver
Weaver We ver as their candidate for presi president PfWfdPnt ¬ V Vient
dent secured twentytwo electoral electoralj eledwalotetJ electoralvotes
j votes and nd gained more than f a million mHHonpopular mlfltonJ millionpopular
popular J votes vot Four years eah later they tbe tbedid
did no not not make an independent IntIfo nomina nomination nOlftJllatlon ¬ V Vtion
tion but supported Bryan for presi president pereldent ¬
dent although h they t rejected jfc ed SeweU SewcUBryans SeweUBryans SeweuBryans
Bryans Democratic De111f Cnatic runnina mate and andput andput azdt
put t np p Thomas E Watson for vice vicepresident vicepresidfnt vicepresident
president In 1990 1 the > bulk bu of the thePopulists tilePopult1tJll thePopullata
Populists again In endorsed en Bryan butthe but butthe butthe
the more radical element repudiated repodnuedthis repudiatedthis
this action and nominated wharton WhartonBarker whartonBarker
Barker who 110 polled only a small fraction Vf Vftion frac ¬
tion over 5e 59600 votes Woolley the thePrnhfehionist tilePmkfldtlonJat theProhibitionist
Prohibitionist candidate in that tIuItpOIif rear rearpolled V Vpotitial V
polled < four times as many votes votesBarker vet vetBarker a aBarker
Barker who bo was d distanced byt by Dehg Dehgthe Dohipithe
the nominee of the Social SodalIntIfd Detowermta DetowermtaIndeed DeitiseatsIndeed
Indeed the significant 9Jgn1 eaJtt t feature VIe of UM UMminor UNmj themiser
minor mj r election returns of IMt van the Utegreat thegreat V VV Vgrt V
great gain over previous years in itavote the thevote th thvote
vote polled by the various Socialist SodaIi8ttt 6dsllatsecta Socialistsoots
soots tt Socialism does not thrive t riftvi a avigorously a V Vvigorously
vigorously vi onJU8bt in the United Statea MB In InFranf InFrance toFrance
France and nd Germany but It Itto promteen promteento pin V Vto
to becoaw bfo a force with which It tela Ameri American ADlerfan ¬ V Vcall
can an statesmen stat n win willhave m have to HCk yeckou in inthe Inthe inV inthe V
the not remote future futureThfHigh f t tTMu V VThough
Though TMu h the career < nrew ofmost 0 omoet mo of ort 1 th ththird tbn V Vthird
third parties part Es has been a aIRier brief one it itwill itwill
will be seen I from from romn this tseries series that they rheymore tIIt7mort theymore
more > than once exerted a dactlte In Influence influenee ¬
fluence ftu nCf > en presidential nre idcntlal eIecH Ie rlffllmm Tn TnLiberty he heLiberty TheLiberty >
Liberty party in 1844 the Be So Soparty 9ott 9ottparty V Vparty
party in 1S4S 154 the Know NotHttt party
in 1S3 IS and an the > Prohlbitiotriat 9 party rty in1SS4 in litliSt
liSt turned the V scale In a acanvass n aw awcamass iinnlilimclai iinnlilimclaicanvass
canvass Should Shou the pi1 pendprove peedlcsninst peedlcsninstprove fag rmmat rmmatprove
prove a close one history JWQ imur JeIt rensajt rensajtitself
V V S SV SSlumber
Slumber Song SongHelen SonglHeIeft SongI
Helen I Hunt Jaduon JaduonAdown JonkeonAdost 1 1Adown
Adown n the twilight river we float 4
Baby and I to together ther J r rGliding
Gliding along in Httte VV V
our IItt boat boat V VV
Bal Baby and I > V V
y y together t ber V VV V 4 V VDown
Down to the wonderful land that J j aM a i
Wliere W1lert W1lertriver Wherethe gates gatesWhile the river flow < tIRe the thegates th thWhile V VWhIle
While wi the silvery stars keep ftp watch watckward watc watcAs mV VV VVward
ward wardAs V V
As we drift beneath foRth th thv ir loving Kwar g t tDaI
Baby r and I together togetherAdewn t togethertdowu getlarAdoWIl
Adewn the river we softly softlyBaby V
Baby and I tog topt t tAs
As Astht the day poe8 goes out t on tte t ebbing life lifemw tIolien J JJ
lien J and I together V
mw The twilight M river is i breed and deep P
So dose to the shadowy V banks nibs we w keajk k kne ke keVbuie V
AVTiiie ne drowsy poppies n IJJId d and sway IW8 IW8AacI
And simply beckon or us to stay
Baby and I together togetherTo
To Slumberland our < raft we steer st stBa
Btfby Ba f Mud 1 together togetherSlowly
Slowly but surely our pert we near nearBaby nearBa nearBby
Baby Ba T and I together togetherWhere to togetherWhere lber lberhere
Where here the Dreamtree spreads its itsbranches 1t Itsbranches
branches s wide wideAnd wideAnd V VAnd
And scatters rare fruit on every rv side sidrDown sid sidDown sideDown
Down the twilight riv J1ypr > r we w p float fl j t along
While lapping waves wav croon a t tender nd r song S8 S8Baby
Baby and I together togetherA
A fair all little head is dropplag tow towBaby JowBaby lowBaby
Baby and I together togetherGently tog togetherGently t1 iar iarGently
Gently Into the harbor go goBaby goBaby
Baby nnd I toft t tostltrr tostltrrHave tllr tllrHave t r rHavc
Have r 3Cfh > ichd d th the > shores of Siombprland SiombprlandBy SiumberlandBy
By whispertns breezes brN Z softly n fanned tanetAmid fannedAmid ane aneAmid
Amid the th fleet that xi < art4tedVVV3wt art4tedVVV3wtHushl horfdjaM wht1drJBtHush > < horfdjaMHush
Hush H c tre tr rf suf saffiv fh lv nr moorlid orla at < last lastBuby l t tby V VBiby
Buby by and I U together cetner V
4 4V
V 1F

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