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The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, March 19, 1905, Last Edition, Section Two, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1905-03-19/ed-1/seq-18/

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Assassin of Von Plehve Tells of Aims and Views of the Fighting FightingOrganization FiglltingOrganization FightingOrganization
Organization of the Revolutionary Party PartyKilling Killing of Grand GrandDuke GrandDuke Granda GrandDuke
Duke Sergius Ezplained by the Narrative Written WrittenBefore WrittenBefore WrittenBefore
Before His Assassination
CorreeponOeno Corn8pn 0 of Associated Asocated Press PressSt Pe PressSt
St St Petersburg Petenbur March 1Iurch 1 IBefore BeforeSa BeforeSasoneff Sa Sas Sasoneff
s soneff nef the aaaaaein ain of Unister of the theInterior theInterr theInterior
Interior Interr von Plehve was brought to totrial totiaJ totrial
trial tiaJ he composed compse a lengthy lenghy statement statementwhich stteet stteetwhi statementwhich
whi which 1 he intended intende to present to the thejudges thejmlsex thejudges
judges as a a 1 justification julfcton of his act act His Hislawyer HisJaWel Hislawyer
lawyer JaWel at the time tme Informed infone the theeated Asso Associated Azsoelated ¬
elated eated Press Pre that the document alone aloneproved aloneproved aloneproved
proved SaaonenT Saonef was not only a n a man maQ of ofsuperior ofHuprior ofsuperior
superior Huprior intellect intelect but a deep thinker thinkerOwing thlIer thlIerOwing thinkerOwing
Owing to the te limited lmied time tme allowed alowe at atthe atthe atthe
the trial tria SaaonefC Sanef was wa unable to read readthe readthe readthe
the document to the judges being beingobliged beingoblsel beingobliged
oblsel obliged to content himself with wih a brief brieforal bref breforal brieforal
oral statement slatement The document doument which whichhowever whichhowever whichhowever
however was a made mae part of the record recordin
in the case ca has now fallen falen into the thehands thehands thehands
hands of the te Associated 60ciate Press and andaside andasid andaside
aside from its it remarkable remakable character characterproves charcter charcterrove characterproves
proves rove especially epealy Interesting interestng at this thistime thistime thistime
time aa a it sets sts forth the views vieWs and andaims andaims andalms
aims of the Fighting1 fghtnS Organization Orgnizaton of ofthe ofhe ofthe
the he social cial revolutionary reolutonar party which whichlias whch whch1n whichhas
has 1n just brought about the death doth of ofthe oCthe ofthe
the Grand Grd Duke Sergius It shows showsclearly showscealy showsclearly
clearly cealy that acts of terror teror committed committedby commited commitedby
by the Fighting Fghtng Organization Organizaton are in inthe if Inthe
the he execution executon of sentences passed pas upon uponofficials uponomcIaJ uponofficials
officials and ad others other held responsible repnsble for forfighting for1ghUng forfighting
fighting 1ghUng wih with cruel repression reprsIon the thepeaceful thepeaceful thetpeaceful
peaceful propaganda propndn of the larger largr par party part party ¬
ty t The acts ats for which von Plehve was wascondemned wasendemned wascondemned
condemned endemned are given gven in detail But per perhaps pe perbaps ¬
haps aps the most interesting intestng portion porton of the thestatement thestatement thestatement
statement is the te pathetic pathetc personal pelonal biog biography biography biography ¬
raphy of SasonefE Saonef and the analysis aahsis of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the mental mena process prcess by which he gradu gradually gradualy graduahlj ¬
ally aly grew gew Interested intereste in political polUcal actions actionsbecoming atons atonsbeeominJ actionsbecoming
becoming beeominJ an a advocate advoce of socialism soclaIs and andlater andlater andlater
later being being driven by sufferings suferings In ex exile exie cxile ¬
ile ie into the ranks rnk of the terrorists terorsts by bywhom bywhm bywhom
whm whom he was chosen to kill ki von on Plehve PlehveAnswers plehveAnswers PlehveAnswers
Answers the Charges ChargesSusonefTs ChargesSonets Charges51soneffs
SusonefTs Sonets statement staemet follows followsI folows
I am accused cus of playing an active activerole actve actverole activerole
role in i the fighting f htng section ston of the social socialdemocrats socialdemortl socialdemocrats
demortl democrats which it is said has as its itsaim is isaIm itsattn
aim to overthrow the present preent form fon of ofgovernment ofoerment ofgovernment
government oerment and the established etablshed laws lawsof lawsof lawsof
of Russia Rusin and ad the existing edstng social soci condi conditions cndi cnditons condilions ¬
lions tons of Russia RussiaI Rusia
I 1 am accused accusd of using uang explosives expI08 e for formurdering formurdern formurdering
murdering murdern officials ofcals of the state ftate and andI
I am accused accu d of having killed kied the theminister theminIster theminister
minister of Interior inteor Plehve to attain attainthe attainthe attainthe
the ends of the social democrats democratsTo
To 0 these thee accusations acu tos I can answer answerYes answerYe answerYes
Yes Ye I wa was a 3 member of the social socialrevolutionists soial soialrevolutoonlst socialrevolutionists
revolutionists revolutoonlst and had the honor of ofbeing ofbeng ofbeing
beng being amember of the fighting fghtng section sectionof scton sctonof
of the social democrats and
scial demort and by the thelatters thelaters thelatters
latters laters orders oder 1 killed kie Plehve I do not notconsider noton9lder notconsider
consider either the society siet or myself myselfcullty m myselfguilty sel f fguUty
guilty guUty of the intentions intentons of which we are areaccused areacued areacculed
accused acued acculed viz Iz to by force foce attempt atempt the theoverthrow theoverthrow theoverthrow
overthrow of the existing exIstng form of gov government goverment government ¬
ernment erment and the social soial conditions conditons of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the country eount The society ociet has no such suchlarge 8u auhlarge h hlage
large lage aims as to to overthrow oerhrow the form formof foruiof formof
of autocratic autocratc government vermentin in Russia RussiaFirst Rusia RusiaFlrt RussiaFirst
First of all al I must state that one onecannot onecannot onecannot
cannot say s that thalthe the fighting fghtnG section scton is isa isa isa
a secret seret society soie in the usual UHal sense of ofthe ofUe ofthe
the word The fighting fghUng organization organizationis ornizton orniztonis
is not a separate spara te body bod but only a part partof partof partof
of the big blr party prt of social socIa revolution revolutionists reoluton reolutonists ¬
ists apdthe fighting fghtng organization orgnizaton fol follow follows follnws ¬
low lows out strictly sicty the orders of the larg larger ¬
er society societ Therefore it is not possi possible possible possible ¬
ble to talk ak about the theftng thefitIng lighting organizaj organizajtio orsniza orsnizaton organizatIonalone
tio ton tIonalone aJone lone but one must also als include includethe incude incudethemrt includethe
the themrt i arty > of social scial revolutionists revolutionistsViolence reolutonists reolutonistsViolence revolutionistsViolence
Violence for Violence ViolenceI
I cannot cAnno say that it i is by means meansof mens mensor meansof
of the activity actiy of the lighting tghtng organiza organization organization organization ¬
tion that the social revolutionists reoJutonists wish wishto wishto wishto
to do away awa with the autocratic autortc form fon of ofgovernment ofgoernment ofgovernment
government or even the present presnt social socialconditions scial scialconditons socialconditions
conditions conditons of Russia nor is it by b means meansof meansof meansof
of terroristic terrorlste acts ats that they the intend to togain togan togain
gain gan their ends but there is one thing thingwhich thingwhich
which the party prty meets by terroristic terroristicacts terroristc terroristcact5 terroristicacts
acts carried cTie out by b members of the thefighting thefghtng thefighting
fighting fghtng organization organizton and that Is to toanswer toanswer toanswer
answer by armed aned attack atack those acts of ofthe ofte ofthe
the te government oerment where the lives les and andhonor andhonor andhonor
honor of o Russian Ru8an citizens ctzens are not notspared notspre notspared
spared spre not to speak spak of the life lfe and andhonor andhonr andhonor
honor honr of the Russian Rusian revolutionists revolutionistsWe reoJutonisls reoJutonislsUVe
UVe We are ar not a n party of force fore Our Ourpaity Ourpaly Ourparty
party is in principle against aginst all al forms formsof formsof formsof
of force fore and an attaining attlnin their aims by byforce byforce byforce
force The ideals of the art
Te party as are arealso areal arealso
also al o the means mens by which they agitate agitatelor agitatefor
agtate agtateor
for or their ideals are all al of o peaceful peacefulcharacter peeful peefulharater peacefulcharacter
character harater How much the ideals idels of the thesocial theEchLI thef4ocild
social EchLI revolutionists revolutoniss are peaceful paceful is isshown isshown Isshown
shown from the fact that the govern government goer government ¬
ment laws J ws do not forbid the entry into intothe intothe intothe
the the country contry of many books bok of social socialistic sial sialistc socialistic ¬
istic istc nature nture It I is not nt we who agitate agitateamongst agiate agiateamongt agitateamongst
amongst amongt the various arous classes cas of society societyThe societyThe societyThe
The agitation a tton arises arss without our help helpIt helpI helpit
It I t is not we who made mae the classes clu8 and andthey andthe andthey
they the are not one whole and with one oneinterest oneinteret oneInterest
interest interet As many an there are in so society 8 soclety ¬
clety different diferent groups goup of inhabitants inhabitantswith Inhabitantswith
with wih different difeet means 1nes of existence so soznany somany
many mal are there different Ifernt interests interestswhich interestshlch Interestswhich
which hlch are in no way wa < mutual mutualTwo mutualTwo mutualTwo
Two Great Classes ClassesThe ClassesThe ClassesThe
The peasants pat and workmen have one oneinterest oneinteret onefnterest
interest interet the labor Jabr employers employer and land landowners landowner landowners
owners owner have others We Ye social sial demo democrats democrt demoorats ¬
crats crt support HUppr the te interests Interets of the work workIng working workIng
Ing classes cf It I t is our task taskto to try to toleant tolearn tolearn
leant learn the needs neds of the people pple and also alsoto
10 learn Jern how hoW they can be b fulfilled fulfle We Wesocialists Wesocialists Ve Veslalft
slalft socialists ilnd tD that in society soiety there thereou thereougt
ougt ou lt t not IOt to exist exit any exploitation exploilatln on ononaa ononr ononapart
onaa onr onapart > art of the population ppulaton by the other otheraixi other81J otheriiid
81J aixi that that all al the means mes of production productionsuch producton productonsuih productions
such suih s h ax a worksops workshops factories and tbe tbeland tbeJad theland
land Jad ought ouSht not to belong blong to individuals individualsiHt
but to society sciety at large and should al always alyx always
ways yx be under the t control cotroJ and an man management mantgment manaernent ¬
agement tgment of the people Such is our ourfinal our1nl ourfinal
final 1nl ideal idel which means mens peace pace on the theface thefa theface
face fa of the earth and ad for the peoples peoplesthereof peoplesthereof
thereof threoC AH Al the rest of our tasks tsks are In Instrict In6tl Instrkt
strict 6tl accordance Cnce with wih this thi ideal Idel It I is isourloading isourfloding IsourIeading
ourloading ourfloding star starOur 8tr 8trOur starOur
Our present prent task tak we consider to be beto beto
to arrange arnge that the exploitation exploiaton of the theworkmen theorlen theworkmen
workmen orlen by the employers empJo ers and the in inhabitants inIabltts inhabitants ¬
habitants Iabltts in ingen general gentralby ral bythe by the he state should shouldbe shouJdb shouldbe
be b as a small smaI as a possible posible We Vc come to tothe totb tothe
the tb people pple with wih our peace pace ideals and andpresent andreet andpresent
present reet them in such a a manner that thatthey thatthe thatthey
they the can cn see s their thei best bst interests interest and andteach andteh andteach
teach teh them to find fnd for themselves heselve the thebest thees thebest
best es means meas of lighting lghtng for those ideals idealsWithout idealsYithout IdealsWithout
Without us there thee were strikes strike accom accompanied acom acomed accompn4ed ¬
panied ed by the breaking of machines machinesand machine machinesand
and also as without us there existed dis disorders disorders disorders ¬
orders during which landlords Jandords were werekilled werekiled werekilled
killed kiled We Ve try tr as much as possible psible to tokeep tok toksep
keep k p the workmen and peasants penants from fromusing frm frm8ing fromusing
using 8ing force and ad to teach toch them to light lightfor lght lghtfor fightfor
for their Ideals ideas in a peaceful way The Thetrouble TJle1roubJe Thetrouble
trouble does doe not come from what we weteach weteach e etech
teach tech the people pople but from the fact that thatthey thattt thatthey
they tt are in a totally totJy different diferent position positionbefore positon positonfoe positionbefore
before foe the law l w to the land lad owners and andlabor andor andlabor
labor or employers The exploitation exploitaton is isprotected Isrotecte Isprotected
protected rotecte by the law and the lighting lightingagainst fghtng fightIngagaInst
against ln8t exploitation exploU8Uon is to fight fght against againstthe aginst aginstthe againstthe
the Jaw8 law We Ye socialists sialsts do not insist insiston
on the te people peple taking 1an tak1n our views We Weonly Weonly Ye Yeonly
only want wnt to tell them the the truth trth The Themeans Themeas Themeans
means meas by which we agitate aJate are of a apeaceful apeaceful
peaceful peeful character ehaer We Ve express expre our ourviews ourIews ourviews
views Iews by b means of o the press and by bymoans b bmes bymeans
moans mes of speech speeh We Wehate hate and despise despisetll
fU all tll kinds Jls of violence We Ve ire re certain certainthat certaintbat certainthat
that to struggle strugle against agnst a conviction convIcton is isus isal isusehs
us usehs al l < fes as a you ou can light fght it I as much as asyou axou asa
a you ou like crucify cruc1 It I wipe off of the face of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the world its It originators orighftor but it will willalways wl willalways
always alwa arise as again agin stronger than be before beOr befor ¬
fore for Or
Claims ClaimsRight Right to Talk TalkIQur Talk10u Talkpir
IQur 10u relations rlatons to thu thl state are In
reality re1 indifferent indi ferent If ortly Ot the th people peoplefor peoplehad
had the right to talk freely and fght fightJ I
for their own interests intcreUa and d were weretbee weretbeerght these theserightsnot theser1ghts
rightsnot r1ghts no takeitaway t ken a wa fw f from > m the t1 e s sQ scLaI scLaIIsth jcia jciaIsts la laIsts
rght Ists Where hae the pubile pubU and declared declaredsocialists deeIiredsocialists < flea
socialists soiaistha have ve that right rIgh t > equally eual euall the theconditions th thconditjQiS theconditjons >
conditions conditjQiS of the states sUtes do not suffer sufferfrom suter suterfrom sufferfrom
from the socialistic sOclaUstc propaganda propagnda but butthere butthere buttherealso
there therealso al also o of course cu the rich rlchcr cry out outagainst outaginst outagainst
against aginst the U struggles ot 0 the interior interiorof
of the country countrySorne countr countrySortie
Sortie Sole fractions fractons of the German so socialists sociaJsts oM oMciahists
cialists ciaJsts so so much hate the word revolu revolution revoluUon revolutlon ¬
tion that that they thet try to dea dopvay O vay l with ithU ithUde lth It Itdeclaringthiaconception IL ILdeelarlngthls
declaringthiaconception de deelarlngthls laring thlH oncepton ooticeptiofl as 3 a prejudice prejudiceof prejudice prejudiceof
of theeventsof the levent eventsof of bygone b bygontImes gnetmes times jLucky jLuckyare buckyare Luekyare
are the te German Genan socialists socialistsIs socialsts socialstsIs
Is it our fault If Russian
faul i we so socialists socialists ¬ I
cialists eialst are forced to become lecome revolu revolutionists revolutonist revolutionlsts ¬
tionists tonist All Al our efforts eforts at peaceful peacefulactivity p peacefuIactivity aceful acefulactvi
activity actvi are met with wih persecution prsecuton on onthe onthe onthe
the part Dar of the thee state There Tere was a atime atme atime
time tme in the nineties ninetes when many of th thsocialistic thsociaJstc thsocialistic
socialistic sociaJstc fractions fraetons abstained from fromtalking CromtaJking fromtalking
talking with wit the workmenon worleme workmen an n politics politicsThese politicsThese oItcs oItcsThese
These were merely melel economists eClnomisU and did didnot didnot didnot
not leave the narrow limits lmit of the theworkmens theorkmens theworkmens
workmens needs nee s However for their theirwork theirworl theirwork
work they were also declared delared state statecriminals statecrIminals statecriminals
criminals criminalsRussian criminalsRussian
Russian Rusian socialists socialsls have learned lerned by byexperience b bexperience byexperience
experience that the right rght of speaking speakingones speakingones speakingones I
ones mind freely frely is not to be b had in inthe inthe
the Russian Rusinn empire Consequently Consquenty to together togethe together ¬
gether gethe with wih thf their ir alms the Russian Huslan so socialistshave socalBt sociahists ¬
cialistshave calBt ciahists hif have made It I their duty oty uty to try tryto tryto tryto
to attain atain uch conditions conditons in the em empire empire empire ¬
pire as will wi make it I possible posibJe to talk and andwrite andwrie andwrite
write wrie freely in accordance accorance with indi individual individual mdividual ¬
vidual views viewsYearnings viewsYearnings iews iewsYearnings
Yearnings for Freedom FreedomSuch FreedomSuch FreedomSuch
Such right right is not only dear to us ussocialists ussocialists I
socialists but also for the whole of ofRussia ofRussia ofRussia
Russia Even if we socialists soiaIst did not notexist notexist notexist
exist the need ue would ould nevertheless nevertheJes ex exist exist ex1st ¬
ist ist Social So al opinion has no adequate adequatemeans adequatemeans adequatemeans
means of making itself iself heard heaP in Rus Russia Russia Russin ¬
sia That which the Russian Rusian press pressspeaks pressspeaks pressspeaks
speaks speaks of daily daiy cannot be b called coIed an anexpression anexpresion anexpression
expression expresion of Russian Rusian social socal opinion opinionbecause oinionbecause opinionbecause
because only onJ one party part can ean talk freely freelyand freelyand freelyand
and so freely freel that tat it i becomes beomes for intel intelligent intellgent inteiligent ¬
ligent lgent people pepJe a joke Of the Russian Russianscial Russiansocial
social scial opinion one can an judge only by bythose b bthose bythose
those occurrences where here the press pres is issubject issubjet issubject
subject subjet to punishment punihment Social Soial opinion opinionyearns opInionyearns opinionyearns
yearns for freedom freom to speak spak of f those thosequestions thosequestons thosequestions
questions questons which are forbidden to the thepress thepres thepress
press pres Social opinion speaks eloquent eloquently ¬
ly in those cases where newspapers new pperg are areblackened areblackened areblackened
blackened out by the the censor when they theyare theyae theyare
are ae stopped soppe and when they are sub subjected subjeted subjected ¬
jected jeted to reprimand reJrimand and finally fnalb snp snppressed sbppresd stlppressed
pressed presd The Russian RUSlan social opinion opinionobjects oDinionobjet opinionobjects
objects objet when wlln the presidents of the thezemstvo thezemstyo thezemstvo
zemstvo towns at the meetings meeUn s forbid forbidthe forbidthe forbidtue
the speakers to treat tret vital ital questions questons in inaccordance inaccordnce inaccordance
accordance accordnce with wih their views and opin opinions oDinions opinIons ¬
ions Russian Rusian social socal opinion is only onlyfree onlyfree onlyfree
free when It is handcuffed handcuted and speaks speakseloquently spaks spakselouenty speakseloquently
eloquently elouenty only when It i is silent silentTherefore sient sientTherefore silentTherefore
Therefore Therefore we Russian socialists socialsts and andrevolutonists andrevolutionists j jrevolutionists
revolutionists revolutonists count ourselves ourehes in the themoral themoral themoral
moral right riSht to assert that in Russia Rusia the thegovernment thegovernment thegovernment
government government does dos not allow aIow the major majoriy majorIty j
ity iy of the people to speak spak freely freh that thatit thati thatit
it i does doe not represent their opinion opinon and andacts andacts andacts
acts against asins the wishes wishe and the wants wantsof wantsof I Iof
of the majority major1 and that it i does not notfulfil notfulfl notfulfil
fulfil fulfl its is purpose purposeOf purposeOf I
Of this last we are compelled compele to totell totel totell
tell tel the people We are compelled compeled to tospread tosfred tospread
spread sfred the idea i ea of changing the existing existingorder existng existngorder existingorder
order of tbngs things in Russia Rusia We preach preachwhat preachwhat preachwhat
what is essential eental for the people pople the theright theright theright
right freely to air their needs nees through throughthe throughthe throughthe
the press and meetings metng the right to todiscuss todisuss todiscuss
discuss disuss and make laws the right to tocontrol toc tocontrol
control c ntrol the state expenses expenss Yes Ye we so social S soclal ¬
cial revolutionists revolutonists preach prech this and con consequently con5quent consequently ¬
sequently 5quent preach preh a totally totall different differentcondition diferent diferentconditon differentcondition
condition conditon than that existing eXistng at present presentin preent preentin
in Russia Rusia But at at present we are are only onlypreaching onhpreahing onlypreaching
preaching preahing Our weapons are the print printing prnt prnti printing ¬
ing i g press pre and word of mouth Where is isthe isthe isthe
the forcible doing doin away awa with wIl the exist existing existing existlng ¬
ing regime reme Who Is It that uses use force forceWe forcee forceWe
We e or somebody smebY else elsePrison els elsPrison elsePrison
Prison or Siberia SiberiaWe SiberiaYe
We W have Iaye not time tme to make ourselves ourselvesheard ourselvesheard
heard beforeour mouths are shut and andfor andfor andfor
for a word we are sent snt to prison or orSiberia orSiberIa orSiberia
Siberia Our press pres is called illegal The Theauthors Theauthors Theauthors
authors of the articles artcle even the ty typographists t tpgaphistg typographists
pographists pgaphistg know of the sad life lfe in inSiberia inSibera inSiberia
Siberia Sibera The simple reading of our ourbrochures ourbrochures ourbrochures
brochures is regarded le e by the state as ascriminal ascrimnal ascriminal
criminal criminalWe crimnal crimnalOYe criminalVe
OYe We are persecuted Jlseeuted as government governmentcriminals g goveramentcriminals erHment erHmentcriminals
criminals and an subject s bjet to punishment punishmentfor punish men 1 1for
for participation partcipaton in club meetings meetingswhere meetngs meetngswhere meetingswhere
where we discuss discus our tasks We Ve are aresubjected aresubjede aresubjected
subjected subjede to humiliating corporal cOlxnl pun punishment punishment punishinent ¬
ishment beaten baten with knouts trampled trampledoer trampledoverpYlrses trampledovery
oer overpYlrses overy by horses and fired fre on when when we wedecide wedeide wedecide
decide deide to come out intothe into the air to de declare dechte dedare ¬
clare chte publicly pub1I our views yiev and express expressour expressour
our demands demandsWe demandsVe demandsWe
We are debarred the protection roteton of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the law We Ye are are declared deelae interior interor ene enemies enemie enemiss ¬
miss mie of the people and political pltcl crim criminals crimhaaJs criniinals ¬
inals although alhough this hlsis is not one and the thesame thesme thesame
same sme thing thingYes thin thinYe thingYes
Yes Ye there is much force used usd far fartoo fartoo fartoo
too much but which side uses it itTherefore itTherefore itTherefore
Therefore let them not siiy my that the theparty thepart theparty
party of social revolutionists revolUtonists is i5 trying tryingto tr lng lngto
to obtain something 8methin by means offorce offorceNeither orforc offorceNeither
Neither Neiher in the aim almof of the party nor In Inthe inthe Inthe
the means mens of attaining atailig Its ends is there thereanything ther theranything
anything an thinS like lke force Perhaps fore forerefers folcerefers forcerefers
refers to that moment l0lnt when the final finalideals fnal fnalideas finalideals
ideals ideas of the party will wi be b near attain attainment attn attnment attainment ¬
ment when the social 80ial conditions conditons will willbe wI willbe
be repliumed rep1Lnne on the ruins of the pres present present present ¬
ent government goernm nt and Russians Russans will Willbe Willbecome il be become become
come not only subjects subjets but citizens ctzens of oftheir oftheir oftheir
their country Perhaps the accusation accusationmeans aceumtionmeans
aceusnton aceusntonmeans
means that the party will wH first frst attempt attemptapolitical Jtempt Jtemptapoltcal ktempt ktemptapolitical
apolitical apoltcal change in Russia ami aMthen then thena
a 1 social sial one To this I reply that the theparty theprty theparty
party prty does doe not decide the question queston as asto asto asto
to how the present pesent conditions conditons will wl be bechanged bechand bechanged
changed to those wished for Ofthe Orohe es establishment e etablshment estabhishment ¬
tablishment tablshment of the social sdal conditions conditons to towhich towhich towhich
which our party prty i is pledged plegd it I is Impos Impossible impossibJe Impossible ¬
sible to talk tak even seriously siously The or organization orgnizaton organization ¬
ganization gnizaton of the social sial conditions condions of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the empire on o the basis of socialism socialismwould socialsm socialsmwould socialismwould
would be b an impossibility Impossibity even for the thepowerful thepowerful thepowerful
powerful bureaucracy bueaucrc The tasks task of ofour ofour ofour
our party are sometimes smeimes understood understoodbut undersoo undersoobut
but for or understanding them you OU are aresent arest aresent
sent st to goals Russia will wi get social socialistic soal soalistc socialIstic ¬
istic istc reconstruction recontructon possibly posibl when the thename thename thename
name of Russia will wi not exist exit longer on onthe onthe onthe
the earth So far as the final fnl triumph triumphof
of our ourleJs ideals is concerned this thi tri triumph triumph tn tnumph ¬
umph will wi take place pla < e not only here In InRussia inRussia inItussia
Russia but over the the whole world But Butit ButI Butit
it I will wil undoubtedly undoubel not take place any anywhere anywhere anywhere ¬
where while whie the Russian Rusian autocratic autocraticempire autocraticempIre
empire exists because 1caui up u to t now the theprogressive theproge8ve theprogressive
progressive proge8ve movements of the beet bet in informed informed Informed ¬
formed people pple have broken to pieces piecesagainst liees lieesagaint iieeesagainst
against againt this strength 1trength In the mean meantime m mntime n ntime ¬
time we are fighting fghtng in other states statesunder stateunder statesunder
under the banner bnner of socialism olaUsm and have haveadvanced haveadanced haveadvanced
advanced adanced further than any Ijourgeoise Ijourgeoiseparty 1urgl lourgeoiseparty >
party prt and ad we Russian Rusian socialists Soli s are aredoing aredoing aredoing
doing the same sme We V demand d mand serious seriouslabor eriouslabor eriou8labor
labor reforms and serious srious reforms for forthe forthe or orthe
the whole people peoplePeaceful peoplePeaceful peoplePeaceful
Peaceful Peaceful Propaganda PropagandaWith PropagandaAWih
AWih With reference to the question UHUOn of ofpolitical ofpltcal ofpolitical
political pltcal revolution revoluton the Russian Ruelan gov government go goernmet gorernment ¬
ernment ernmet must b be made to understand understandthat
that it i is standing stading over a volcano voira no We WeSocialist WeSocialist Ve VeSocialst
Socialist Socialst revolutionists lvo uUonlsts are dt rtpres present presentconducting presentconductizg nt ntconducting
conducting a s > peaceful paceful propaganda ropaldn but butone butone butone
one from which the autocratic autocrte regime regimeo regimethe
o L the empire empire received reIP a death deth wound woundflRrty woundarty wpundrty
flRrty arty rty years e r ago ago Its I term cameto came to t an anend anend n nfnd
end fnd together tngfth r with wih the fall f31 of serfdom serfdomwhich serfdomwhih serfdomwhich
which whih was about equal to the te patriar patar
chiul ial syetom sYtO The people people together togetherwith 4gelher togetherwith
with the delivery lhery from serfdom re received reeehoed yeCeived ¬
ceived the right to t haAie rue1i haveihdtpendent haveihdtpendentthoughiffnd > Independent Independentthoushtfrjknd lependentthouhJ
thouhJ thoushtfrjknd ldgoern govern it it its dwh il destinies destiniesThereforms destiniesTho < emnies emniesThe
Thereforms The r rethrjs fris of the t e first frst years of ofAlexander of41exander of4iexander
Alexander 4iexander the Seconds reign showed showedthat sh shQwedthat ea eatbat
that he understood the needs ue s of the thetimes thetmes thetimes
times tmes and advanced to meet me l them themZemstyo thememstvo themZemstvo
Zemstyo emstvo court courtswere were buUt up by him himon himon
on thebasis UlebsI6 of o national uatonlautotomy autonomy but buthaving butnaving buthaving I
having taken that step on the th road to tothelogical tothe tothe
thelogical the logical development development of the results resultsof resuls resulsof
of the fall fal of serfdom srraon the government governmentplainly goenment governmentplainly I
plainly plalb feared the consequences consequencesstopped COnSeIUence consequencesstopped
stopped stoppedand and suddenly turned turne back backFrom bck bckFrom backFrom
From that time the Russian lJeo people peoplehave peoiehave le lehave
have been awaiting awaiing continuation entnuaton The Thecontinuation Thecontnuaton Thecontinuation
continuation contnuaton must and will wil come The Thequestion TheqUeUon Thequestion
question qUeUon is who will wil introduce it and andlead andlead andlead
lead it i the tIe people themselves thems lve or will wi it itcome itcom Itcome
come com from above aboveEducating aboveEducating aboveEducating
Educating the People PeopleWe PeopleWe PeopleWe
We social revolutionists reVolutonist up to the thepresent te tepreent thepresent
present preent have been struggling strugglng with the theexisting theexisting I Iexistng
existing existng regime rime in a peaceful manner mannerOur mannerOur I
Our task is to mdke plain to the people peoplethat peoplethat peoplethat
that the present system is unsatisfac unsatisfactory unstifac unstifactor unsatisfactory ¬
tory tor Our task is to organize the theopinion theopInion theopinion
opinion of the majority majort in the state statethat statethat statethat
that is to say S8 that minority which at atpresent atpresent
present consists consist of the leading force in inthe inthe Inthe
the country count1y in a moral sense snse and by its itsenergy itseners itsenergy
energy which is comparatively comperthely free freeand freeand freeand
and which has ha broad views The gov government government goverument ¬
ernment stands in theway the wav of the in intelligent intelgent intelhigent ¬
telligent telgent It I will wi not count any an more morewith morewih morewith
with wih the party of Social revolutionists revolutionistswhich reolutonists reolutonistswhich revolutionistswhich
which the te government accuses of con continued contnued continued ¬
tinued tnued encroachment 011 its existence existenceThe existenc existenceThe
The party prt is not to blain in this It I is isright isright isright
right if behind the party alty are the te ma majority majOlit majonity ¬
jority jOlit of the people The duty of the thegovernment thegoernment thegovernment
government is to meet met the wishes of ofthe oflep ofthe
the lep lepThe people peopleThe peopleThe
The method metho of fighting fghUn of the party partyis
is by means meals of word proof and convic conviction conicton conviction ¬
tion ton and this is the only onl means of ofagitation ofagiaton ofagitation
agitation agiaton which the party has and upon uponwhich uponwhich uponwhich
which the party is conducted conductedThe conductedThe conductedThe
The sad necessity necei of terroristic t twr rr ristc ristic acts actsfalls actfal actsfalj
falls fal falj on the partywholly prty party wholy wholly taken up with witha
a peaceful paceful fight fightTerroristic fght fghtTelTonstc fightTerroristic
Terroristic acts necessity necessityi necessitywhich
TelTonstc are a a necesit necesitwhich t
i which suddenly suddenl3 fall on the party as assomething assomething assomething
something irrelevant and foreign to its itsoriginal itsoriginal itsoriginal
original aims ulns The programme of the theparty theparty theparty
party declares delare such nets detrimental detrimentaland
and we would w uld never have resort reort to arms armsbut armsbut armsbut
but for the unlimited unlmied freedom of action actionallowed aton atonaJowed actionallowed
allowed aJowed to the chJnovnlks chnonlks the acts aet of ofwhom ofwhom
whom force us to it I Only force is isanswered isanswered isanswered
answered by force Only m iM those cases caseswhen cae caseswhen
when the m1fnistrs n m1nistrs nist rs and chinovniks re refuse refuse refuse ¬
fuse us the right to speak verbally verbaly do dowe dowe dowe
we speak another language langage Only Onlywhen Onlywhen Onlywhen
when all al other means are exhausted we weanswer weanswer weanswer
answer by b death Only after aft r insuf insufferable inuf inufferabie insufferable ¬
ferable tortures awful humiliation humm tol of ofcitizens ofcitzens ofcitizens
citizens citzens and revolutionists rvolutoniss do we go to toextreme toextreme toextreme
extreme measures measuresAct measure measureAct measuresAct
Act Upon Impulse ImpulseThe ImpulseThe ImpulseThe
The activity actiiyof of the Fighting Figltnr Organ Organization Onanizato OrganIzatio ¬
ization izato is only called caled into play on onspecial onspecial onspecial
special occasions occasons The acts act of the theFighting theFightng theFighting
Fighting Fightng Organization Orsalizatou are of a 1 arefiec arefiectory reflec reflectory refec refectory
tory nature corresponding to the th char character character character ¬
acter of the impulse impulseLook impulseLook impulseLook
Look at what the Fighting Fightng Organi Organization Organizaton Organization ¬
zation zaton has done up to now You will willsee wil willsee
see that it has never llad had recourse re < oune to toarms toars toarms
arms ars as a special fpecal independent Independen means meansof meansof meansof
of fighting fghtng the present preent system The TheSocial TheSocial
Social revolutionists reyolutonist more than any anybody anybody anybody ¬
body else understand that an idea can cannot cannot cannot ¬
not be done one away with by means m lS of ofbullets ofbulets ofbullets
bullets bulets and that bombs bmbs do not break breakdown breaJdown breakdown
down systems An idea can be con conquered conquered conquered ¬ I
quered and ld destroyed but a system systemfalls systemfals systemfalls I
falls fals only when wh n the foundation foundaton which whichupholds whichupholds whichupholds
upholds it is i rotten rotEl and broken down downIn downIn own ownIn
In order to show SIW the oreal el character characterof chracter chracterof
of our terroristic terroristc tactics tactcsrmenter remeirber the theParty theParty theParty
Party of the Peoples Will in which our ourparty ourpart ourparty
party part considers its is foster mother The Thetheories Theteories Thetheories
theories teories of that party rty and nd we their theirchildren theirchidren theirchildren
children chidren are the same but the con conditions conditons conditions ¬
ditions ditons under which whih the members memb s of the thePeoples thePeop1es thePeoples
Peoples Will Vi lived lve and acted are dif different different different ¬
ferent from the conditions conditons of the pres present present present ¬
ent day da Then the government gOYfrnment terror terrorized terrr terrrIzcd terrorIzed ¬
ized now we Then the people only onlyjust onlyjust onlyjust
just freed from serfdom were illiterate illiterateHabit 1Ierate 1IerateHabit illiterateHabit
Habit of living lving and thinking independ independently independenty independently ¬
ently enty was stamped out of them during duringcenturies duringcenturies duringcenturies i
centuries In one word wor the nation nationhad naton natonhad nationhad
had hardly harly got away from frm slavery and andwas andwas andvns
was in its is Infancy infanc The members membrs of the thePeoples thePeoples thePeoples
Peoples Will rm were persuaded by ex experience experience cxperience ¬
perience that to fulfill fulfl the difficult ditcuJ mis mission mission mission ¬
sion of agitating agiatng socialistic ocallt ideas ideasamong ideasmonS ideasamong
among monS such an unconscious uneonscous people and andheving andhtving andhnving
heving htving before them the ghost of f the thewhite thehie thetsliite
white hie terror was an unproductive unproductve ac action acton action ¬
tion ton Losing Ling hope hop that the people peoplewould popJe popJewouJd peoplewould
would fight fght independently Independenty for their own owninterests owninterests owninterests
interests or come to the help of their theirchampions theirchampions theirchampions
champions the te members of the Free FreeWill Freein FreeWill
Will in by means of the red l terror de decided decded decided ¬
cided cded to conquer or die But they theywere theywere theywere
were forsaken alone on the field feld of bat battle battle ¬
tle te and ad had to fight fght like lke Titans TitansPeople Tian TianPeople TitansPeople I
People Behind It ItWe ItWe I IIVe I
IVe We sbchtl scil s chtl revolutionists revoJutonist children childrenof chidren chidrenof
of thet thiwenUet thiyTwentieth Twentieth century do not feel feelourselves feelourselves feelourselves
ourselves alone on the contrary we wefjfiel wet1 weOe1
fjfiel t1 Oe1 behind us the peoples poples strength strengthSJnce strenglhince atiengthsince
since ince the Inonarcnic regime was wa mort niortally mortlUy mortally
ally lUy wounded wounde forty fort years yedrs ago the na natioli nu untioli
tioli has grown intellectually mtelectuaJy It I al alreatly alreat xlreally
really reat has wants and is able to think thinkand lhinkand thinkand
and govern its it own own destinies dinies The Themembers Themembers lhe lhemember
members member of o the party prt of Free Will WilldreamecVof Willdreamed7of Vi
dreamecVof drcaelof presenting ple8 ntng the nation naton with withfree withfree sithfree
free institutions Insttutins as a present obtained obtainedfrom obtainedfrom obtainedfrom
from the government in single combat combatWe combat combatWe
We re have no such suchbrod broad aims We Ve are aremuch aremuch aremuch
much more mor modest The system is al already alreaiy alreaiy ¬
ready reaiy falling faling under the pressure of ofnational ofnatona ofnational
national natona needs which it i now ceases to tosatisfy tosatsf tosatisfy
satisfy satsf and under urder the pressure of na national natonal antional ¬
tional tonal discontent discolent with wih it I The nation nationhas naton natonJms nationhz
has hz problems and demands deqauds If I we wefollowed wefolowed wefollowed
followed folowed the example of the members membersof
of the Free Will and if we have taken takento
to arms it is only because beCuse representa representatives representatics representatives ¬
tives tics of a a government which is dying dyingout dyingout dyingout
out have taken charge char eof of the autocratic autocraticpower autocratc autocratcpower autocraticpower
power and have gone one quite quie out of the thebounds thebound thebounds
bounds bound of humanity humanit in their dealings dealingswith dealngs dealngsWiUl dealingswith
with us revolutionists revolutonist and the dis dissatisfied disstsfe dissatisfied ¬
satisfied stsfe people We Ve are treated l like likehunted lke lkehunted likehunted
hunted and beaten beten animals For this thisreason thisreason thisreason
reason we have bared our teeth and andtaken andtaken antItaken
taken to arms armsAnd armsAnd armsAnd
And so 8 against aginst the present preent system systemwe sstemwe
we have have the peasants workmen and andintelligent amlintellgent andintelligent
intelligent intellgent classes clasS pasnts working in commo commdn commdnwih coinrndnwith i iAvitli
with wih us
Eye for an Eye EyeTerror EyeTerror EyeTerror
Terror against aginst the terror of o the of officials offciaJs officlals ¬
ficials fciaJs who 10 have lost their heads head in intheir inthch Intheir
their actions aton Death Deth for death deathwounds deathwound deathwounds
wounds wound for tOl wounds and dishonor for fordishonor fordishonor or ordishonor
dishonor dishonorA
h A z revolutionary revolutonary tribunal for the theoligarchists theolgarchist theohigarchists
oligarchists olgarchist who are not answerable answerablebefore answerble answerblebfore answerablebefore
before bfore the Jaw and the nation nationConsequently naton natonConsuenty nationConsequently
Consequently Consuenty I state stlte that when whenthrowing whenthrowing whenthrowing
throwing the bomb at Mr r Plehve I did didnot didnot didnot
not think that it i would fall on the ex existing exisUng cxisting ¬
isting form of government goerment in Russia Russiathrew I Ithrew I Ithrew
threw the bomb at Mr lIr Plehve not in inhis Inhi inlila
his hi capacity capucty as a Russian Husan minister ministerthere ministerthere ministerthere
there are still sUI many of themleft them 1ef left but butI butthrew
I threw the bomb boml at him hl as ps ts a certain certainpersonwho certMnpersol1 certhinpersoilwho
personwho persol1 who in Ina a certain certin way ay filled fJed the theposition thepositon thepositidil
position positon of minister of Interior Interor Mr MrPlehve MrPlehve Ir IrPlehe
Plehve In fighting fghtng against national nationaldiscontent natonal natonaldtscontent nationaldiscontent
discontent had resource resourq to force He Hecommitted Hecqmmltted Hecommitted
committed the gravest gvest of crimes crimesx crimesFistPIsh1e crimesFirstPlehve
x First FistPIsh1e FirstPlehve Plahve gave up to execution executionimprisoned executionimprisoned x cuton cutonImrlsoned
imprisoned in 11 the Ue fortress and sub ¬
jected our comrades to all kinds of tro trotures trotures trotures
tures and punishments punishment He forced fored us usto usto usto
to rise against him as a the th persecutor persecutorand
and murderer of the the people Balmas Balmashev Balmasbev Balniashey
hey bev and Heketch were placed on the thescaffold thescafold thescaffold
scafold scaffold Gershuni and Kemkina were wereburied wereburied wereburied
buried in Slusselberg fortress fortres Such Suchfacts Suchfat Suchfacts
facts fat we social revolutionists revolutonist cannot cannotbut cnnot cnnotbut cannotbut
but regard as a crimes crime and the fault fluJt ot otthese o othese otthese
these crimes crime lies les on the head of the theman theman theman
man who carried crried on an untruthfulfght untruthfullight untruthful untruthfulfight
fight fght for the state stateSeeondPiehve 1 1Second 1SecondPlebe
Second SecondPlebe Plehve as director of the de department deprtmet deDartrrrnnt ¬
partment prtmet of police polce choked the party partyof
of Peoples Peples Free F Will by means len of ofjails o ojais ofjails
jails jais fortresses fOItleSe penal servitude siude pris prisons prlsons prisoils
ons and an exile People had no opportun opportunity opprtun opprtuni opportunity ¬
ity i of forgetting forgettng his hangnian bang lnn The Theold Theold Theold
old time hangman hanman again agln placed place his hiswhite biswhite hiswhite
white hand hd on the peoples necks neckS To Toapeak To1pak Tospeak
speak 1pak about forgetting forettn AV was S only onl possi possible possible i ible ¬
ble in case cas Plehve PleJc tried to redeem dem his hisformer hi hifomlr hisformer
former crimes rime by reforms and conces concessions cont contsions coucesBions ¬
sions during durif the thelntr latter prt part of his life lifeLand fte fteLand lifeLand
Land Strewn With Blood BloodThir BloodTltlrdPiehve i iThird
Third TltlrdPiehve Plehvebefore Plehve bfore bfore the declara declaration deca deelaration ¬
tion ton of war Vith It i apan arranged rln e4 a uwar awr awar
war wr in the Interior InLtor iw of f Russia Hni He Helooked He Helooked I
looked on Russia RUIa us 1M though it I was wasforeign a aforeign aforeign
foreign country He strewed the th land landwith landwith landwith
with Its it citizens ciUzerf blood blod He shot the theworkmen theworkmen j
workmen when whel they the spoke pkt plainly plainlyabout j I Iabout
about their needs neds and their th interests interels interelsYes interestsYes j
Yes for the shooting shotn a of workmen workmenMr worknienMr I
Mr 111 Plehve i is to blame more mOe than th u any anyone j
one else Although Alhough he did not give the theword theword theword
word Fire he he h is guilty guit because beause the theshooting theshootng theshooting
shooting shootng was W S initiated initated by him hint him as min I Iister Iister
ister of the interior and by orders ord r of ofmen ofmen I Imen
men who fulfilled rulied the orders of him who wh0had j
had appointed aplinlo them As he did not notpunish notpunish
punish the governors goernor he himself sanc sanctioned sanctioned sanetionod ¬ I
tioned their deeds dee s and gave temptation temptationto
gve temptton tempttonto
to other high highdlgnitaries dignitaries dignitrie to act just as ascruelly ascruelly
cruelly cruellyFourth cruel cruellyFourthThe I
Fourth FourthThe The personal lsonal dignity < jgni y of the theRussian theRussiun theRussian
Russian citizens ctzens during Plehves gov government government government ¬
ernment was subjected to the basest basesthumiliation basesthumiiaton basesthumiliation
humiliation humiiaton peasants and workmen workmenAvere worklnenwere woikinenwere
were subjected to wholesale wholesle corporal corporalpunishment corponllpunishment corporalpunishment
punishment Von Wahl and Obolensky Obolenskyreceived Obolensk Obolenskreeived Obolenskyreceived
received reeived promotion promoton and reward Rus Russian Russian Russian ¬
sian revolutionists revolutonists werebeaten were beaten and hu humiliated humiated humiliated ¬
miliated miated on every ever possible occasion occaion in inthe inthe inthe
the police polce stations sttons by the policemen policemenand polcemen polcemenand
and secret pj polce iplice > lice Russian Russill revolution revolutionists revoluton revolutonists ¬
ists and citizens were humiliated humiated and andbeaten undbeaten andbeaten
beaten in il prisons and ad sometimes sometmes their theirposition theirpositon theirposition
position positon there became becme so unbearable unbearablethat unbearabletUt unbearablethat
that tUt they refused refued food and starved starvedthemselves stnrvedthemsel starvedthemselves
themselves themsel n s in protest against aglnst insults insultsIncrease Insuls InsulsIncrease insultsIncrease
Increase of Taxation TaxationFifth TaxationFlthPlehve TaxationFIfthPlehive
Fifth FlthPlehve FIfthPlehive Plehve put on the hungry hungry
heavy hevy taxes txes When Vhel the peasants peasnts
driven to extremities by hunger want wantof wantof I
of arableland arble arabic land and subjected subjeted by the thelandowners thelandowners thelandowners
landowners not seeing and not 10t ex expecting expectng cxpectlng ¬
pecting pectng help from anywhere an3where tried to toobtain toobtin toobtain
obtain obtin bread by force so as not to die diethey diethe diethey
they the were answered with an increase ncrease of oftaxation oftxaton oftaxation
taxation txaton This was as PIehes Idea of ofsatisfying ofstsf ofsatisfying
satisfying stsf in national natonal needs In this thismanner thismanner thismanner
manner he gave them a stone instead insteadt insted instedof
of bread In this manner he deprived deprivedthe
the naked of their only onl shirt Plehv Plehvexhausted Plehvexhausted Plehvexhausted
exhausted the people spending their theirhardearned theirlIardearned theirbardearned
hardearned money Inone on thedevelopment thedevelopmentof th development developmentof
of the secret police polce in Russia R ssia and on onthe onthe onthe
the protection of his own person personMassacre personMasscre personMassacre
Massacre Masscre of Jews JewsSixth JewsSixthPlehve JewsSixthPlehve
Sixth SixthPlehve Plehve allowed the wilful Avilfulmassacre wiful wifulmasacre wilfulmassacre
massacre masacre of the Iishineff Jews in the thepresence thepres thepresence
presence pres nce of the police p Jlce Jews old men menAvorqen menwOI menWOfli3n
Avorqen wOI n and children chid n were beaten and
killed klel Women omen were insulted the theproperty thepropert theproperty
property propert of the he poor por Jews was de destroyed destroyed destroyecj ¬
stroyed and plundered Of
Plehves Plehvesparticipation Plehvespartcipiton Pieiivesparticipatioji
participation partcipiton In llSs iljjs wilful wiful massacre
the foreign f reig press pres andthe iuF he Russian revo ¬
lutionary lutonary press clearly defh made mention menton
Further mention of Or this is made in the
description descripton of the circumstances Curcunistances which whichprec whichpreceded vhichpreceded
preceded prec ded it i and which description descripton was Avasgiven wasgen wasgiven
given gen In the more 4r r less decent organs organsof organsof
orgns orgnsof
of the Russian pressTHow pressHow can we trust trustthe trustthe trustthe
the information informaton gi gi1anb giaen en by the govern government government government ¬
ment What Tat right have e AV we veto to believe believeeither b11eve b11eveeither bblieveeither
either it or the servile remarks rema1ks of the
Official Oteial Messenger What right have haveAve havewe havewe
we to believe beleve either It i or the servile servie re remarks re remark r rmarks ¬
marks of the antis antldniitic mitic
mark ant mitc newspapers newspaperswhen newspaperswhen newspaperswhen
when they attempt atempt to exempt Plehve Plehvefrom PIehvefrom Plehvefrom
from participation partcpaton in this crime and andattempt andatempt andattempt
attempt atempt to put all the blame blae on the
drunken drunk n crowd of vandals and the peo peoples pe peples peOpies ¬
ples hatred of th thl the Jews Such articles articlesdo artcles artclesdo
do not notadmit admit of anytrust an
luring Plehve time tme freedom of ofsppech ofspeech
speech sp ech and protection protect < Jn was tS gIven to only
those papers AvhIch could tell tel lies les and andpapers andpapers andpapers
papers which hatetfthe Jewish
whih people peopleAvhich peoplewhIch peoplewhich
whIch during a lVng U ng space of time timetried tme tmetried timetried
tried to make
Jews and Russians ene enemies enemies cueinies ¬
mies and anQ tried toimake to malee the common commonpeople commonpeople ommonpeople
people hate the Jews Jes ev Poles and Finns FinnsThe FinnsThe FinnsThe
The Jewish press pre s eoUld toJd not protest Plotestit lbS svsit lbSit <
it was alwrtys alw t s being beins persecuted perecuted in Rus Russia Russia Russin ¬
sia and ard could hardly har l breathe brethe Plehve Plehvepermitted Plelve Plelvepermited Plehivepermitted
permitted permited the Kishineft Ki hinef massacre mascre in inthe inthe Inthe
the interest of the same policy pol which
he had followed folowed in other parts part of whch the thecountry thecountry thecountry
country He tried as much as he could couldto couldto ouldto
to weaken the power of the revolution revolutionists reyoJuton reyoJutonists reyolutionists ¬
ists in prder to frighten the Jewish mal malcontents malcontet malcontents ¬
contents contentsi contet
It I is known for a certainty certaint that thatwhen thatwhen thatwhen
when the Kishineff J ishinef massacre Ilasucre was
known all aJ over Russia R ssia Jews Jwsof of some sometoAvns sometowns sometowns
towns fearing fearing the same sme thing asked for forthe forthe forthe
the protection of the governors and andpolice andpoce andpolice
police and received re elved answer that they theyAvouid theywould theywouid
would be treated in the same sme way wa if ifthey ifthey ifthey
they did notkeep not keep quiet quietSeventh quietSeventhPlehve quietSeventhPlehve
Seventh SeventhPlehve PlehAe put down all at attempts attempts attempts ¬
tempts to work legally for the people peopleThe peopleThe peopleThe
The press was suppressed and put un ¬
der the yoke of the censor Zemstvos ZemstvosAvero Zemstvoswere Zemstvoswere
were suspected and disbanded The Theelected Theelectd Theelected
elected electd of the zemstvos who repre represented rlpre rlpresented represented ¬
sented the government of the people peopJewere peoplewere
I were not allowed alowed to speak Plehve PlehAeheld Plehveheld Plehveheld
held all aJ Russia Russin down on the plea of ofsafeguard ofAsafegard ofsafeguard
Asafegard safeguard He covered Russia with a anetAvork anetwork anetwork
network of gendarmerie and multiplied multipliedthe mulipled mulipledthe
the police polce and secret police polce so that in inthe inthe inthe
the infected atmosphere It was wa impos impossible impossIble impossible ¬
sible to breathe breathePlehve breathePlehve breathePlehve
Plehve Responsible ResponsibleEighth ResponsibleEighthOn ResponsibleEighthOn
Eighth EighthOn On Plehve falls faJs the chief re responsibility responsibity responsibility ¬
sponsibility sponsibity that in the existing existng war AvarRussian warRussian warRussian
Russian blood llood is flowing iowing like lke water and andthe andthe andtime
the flower fower of the land are perishing
its it most healthy healhy and robust rolust citizens citizensare ctzens ctzensarc
are dying and the peoples peoples money mone is isbeing isbeing isbeing
being wastefully wastefuly squandered Plehve
is i guilty guiy because becus he gagged ggged the press pressand pressand pressand
and Russian social opinion and did not notallow notalow notallow
allow alow them to speak about the war in inorder inorder inorder
order to prevent it itAll i ItAll
All this was done in Russia during I
the two years ers of the government of
Plehve AH those thos crimes crime were com committed commited cornmitted ¬
mitted mited by Plehve himself or by his hisagents hisagents hisagents
agents and for that the party of social socialreAolutionists socialrevolutionists
socal socalre0Iut10nist
revolutionists re0Iut10nist found it necessary necesr to re remove remov remove ¬
move Plehve in order to save sve Russia Russiafrom Russiafrom Russiafrom
from his future crimes and in order to toshow toshow toshow
show that such fearful ferful crimes against againstthe againstHi againsttiue
the Hi Russian RussiRnpeople people could not remain remainunpunished remainunpunished remainunpunished
unpunished That is why the partyof partyofsocial part party of ofscial ofsocial
social scial revolutionists revolutonist called caled its it fighting fightingorganization fghting fghtingorganizton fightingorganization
organization organizton together t and gave to it itthe itthe itthe
the sentence of death on PIehveand I Ia Iu Ia
a member of the fighting fightng organization organizationof organizaton organizatonof
of social revolutionists revolutonists with wih the feel feeling feeling feelbig ¬
ing of deepest gratitude gnlttude for the great greathonor grenthonor greathonor
honor shown me swore to do my duty dutyand dutyund dutyazid
and carry out the sentence sentenceHad sentenceHad sentenceHad
Had No Personal Motive MotivePersonal MotivePesonaJ MotivePersonal
Personal PesonaJ motives motves for killing kmin Plelwe PlelweI
I had none Although I am not a anovice unoice a aflOVICO
novice In socialistic socialstc propaganda al although althQugh although ¬
though by experience experiene I can appreciate appreciatethe
the awful awruJ wrongs wrong of Russia I should shouldnot shouldnot shouldhot
not be able to raise my hand against againstthe aginst aginstthe
the life lre of a man from personal mo motives 10 10tle metIve ¬
tives tle < To this I i might add that one of ofthe orthe ofthe
the tues es Avhich ich was wa committed in inthe inthe Inthe
the time tmeof tiineof of the government of Plehve PlehAeand Plehveand Plehveand
and which I took to heart as much as asif asif
if it had been directed against againt me m < per personally personaly personahly ¬
sonally sonaly and nd against aginst my nearest rela relatives relathes relatives ¬
tives was a procession of twentyeight twentyeightcoffins twentyeightcofns twentyeightcoffins
coffins cofns in the streets street an unlimited unlmied num number numbel zmrnber ¬
ber bel of wounded and two files fies of sol soldiers soJdiers soldiers ¬
diers I remember the awful hecatomb hecatombof hecatombof he atornb atornbof
of inhabitants h1habitarts11bt slipt down near me nnd nndwho nndwho andwho
who were viotftns vittfms of f the Interior Interiorpolicy In interiorpoli terlor terlorpol
policy pol poli y of PlehVe PlehVeNow Ple1e Ple1eNow PleiveNow
Now I would with your permission permissionlike permIssionlke
like lke to relate how I a man by personal personalcharacter personaleh personalcharacter
character eh rcter and ad by bymy my birth destined destned for fora fora Qr Qra
a peaceful pcaccrulant arid contented family famiy life lifewasconvertedInfou lfe lfewas lifewasdolWbrtedlnttf
wasconvertedInfou was Oth crted In1o a revolutionist re c olutonlsr oIutlOnISt afitl afn
gladly undertook to kill kl the man My Myfamily Myfamily r
family f lnli was highly religious relgious and mon monarchial monarchial moztarchial 1
archial and had emigrated emlsroted from a VII village vi VIIlage ¬
lage to too a town where they became becameAvealthy beame beamewelthy bamewealthy
wealthy welthy in the exploitation exploiaton of the Bash Bashkir Bfsh Bfshkir Bashkir ¬
kir forests ror st The spirit with wit which hich I Ivas lwa Iwas
vas wa brought up up while entirely entrely under underthe unde underthe
the influence in uenc of my family f mi was w utterly utterlyopposed utterlyopposed utterlyopposed
opposed to every ever3 kind of protest and anddiscontent nnddl anddiscontent
discontent dl ontent with the conditions conditons of Rus Russinn Ruesian j jsiun
sinn life lCe Photographs Ph toSraphs of the emperor emperorhouse emperoii emperorSand
and ikons walls in the thehouse
ilOUS orla ornamented nented the wall te I IIIOU
house IIOU of my father The school did not notdestroy nt ntdetroy notdestroy
destroy detroy the traditions tdlton which whih 1 took tookfrom tookfrom tookfrom
from my parents house but developed developedthem developedUu
Uu them them m even more if school can can be per l perinitted I Imitted
mitted mite to make any tangible tnble impres1 impres1sion hnpre Impres Impressloti
sion on such young you ideas idols School for fO I Ime Ime Ime
me and und for all my m comrades comrdde without withoutexception withQuteX I Iexception
exception eX I ton was Wc WcAbuted hatetl house There Therethey Therethey he
they the stamped sbun out all life lfe they extin extinguished
gisbe guished iystcroaUcally aytetcaly our or spirit and andthe andthe J
the lively Jvel questions questols which hlh came cne into intoouv intoou intooul
minds Not did the thelutter thehitter
ouv ou young mind only only j jteresting
hitter get IO flt unsw answer r but the mot tuost In Interestiiig 1 1prse I IteretuS
teresting teretuS subjects sbj of history were wer sup suppressed suppressed ¬
pressed prse and thc th th > teachers teacher openly op nb jeered jeeredat jere I
at the Jews and 1oles oles > It I was not the thefault thefault thefault
fault of the Russian Rusian teachers techer they theywere theywer theywere
were < used to reading rtJding the the lies les which whic1 the thegOAermhent tbagovernz
gOAermhent ternnent governz ent told them and an it was W U con contrary contrry contraiy ¬
trary trry to their telr own OW ideas ides and perhaps perhapsto perhaps perhapsto
to former fornle traditions traditions And as I was as a atotal atotal atotal
total stranger strnger to any general gnell wants wantssnd wnnt wantsand
and nd without withQut any an formed frmed ideas of the theexisting theexistng theexisting
existing existng hews I of o Russia R ssia 1C I I had any anysort anysort UY UYsort
sort oi or humanitarian hunuUttrian opinions to t these theseI
I am wholly wholy indebted Incebted to Russian RU8in liters literature lt literstore I Iture ¬
ture and tnd school tchool has bs nothing to do with Aviththeri withthe withthei
theri the l I weit to Moscow lIOow university universityyearning universitearning universityyearning
yearning fOI knowledge with wih the idea ideaof ideaof I Iof
of passing pa6ing several severl faculties flultes so that in inthe inthe I Ithe
the end I could be le zemskie doctor a adoctor a ado adoqtor
doctor do tor absolutely for the poor I was Avascompelled wascompelled I Ipmpelel
compelled pmpelel to Offend fend my m father se seriously seriously soriouslybeeause ¬
riously riouslybeeause because I wouldnot wouid not follow his hisadvice hisadvie hisadvice
advice advie and enter some special SI clul high highshool highshool i ischool
shool in order to make a brilliant briiant CIT cl ca career i ireer
reer as ar AU an aneugine engineer The word career careerAvas eUeer eUeerwas cnreerwas
was hateful hatclulto to me m The knowledge knowledgewhich knowJedgewhich knowledgewhich
which I got in the university univerity and in inthe inthe Inthepubhie
the thepubhie public Ubrar library made a L total revolu revolution revolutOl revolutioa ¬
tion tOl in my mj mind J mindHis ind indHi <
v w wHis
Hi His Ideas Changed h hangedfew ng a at v vA
A t fewmonths few ew iC1ths t iitth changed ch n C my former formerideas former formerideas formerideas
ideas But this tis was only an intellec intellectual intelec intelectual intellectual ¬
tual revolution rev01uton My M first frst year ear in the theuniversity theuniveraity theuniversity
university I read the Viedomosti Viedomost and andthe andthe andthe
the Svet I never thought of ot revolu revolution reoluUOI revolutioli ¬
tion UOI and if I did know something smething about aboutit
it it i was only onl from what occasionally occasionallyappeared occsional occasionallyappeared
appeared nppered in the papers I took no in interest iuterest liiterest ¬
terest in it i and found the idea to be benot benot benot
not a correct corect one In the year > ear ISOa 169when 159Jwhen ISOawhen
when the students were demonstrating demonstratingj d monstatn
j I was absent from such demonstra demonstrations demonstr denionstrations
tions lons What the students ctudents wanted wante I Icould 1could Icould
could not really realy understand To their theirmeetings theirmeetngs theirmeetings
meetings meetngs I did not go and only from frompure frompure Ironipure
pure friendly friendl feeling feelng I refused refuse to t take takethe takethe takethe
the examination examihaton for the second s con stand standard stundard standard ¬
ard I was a man more or less les of lf indw indwt inlependent mdcpendent
t pendent means and I was ashamed to toI toleae toleave
I leave my friends on the first tl t stan standard standardho tanrard tanrardwho 2aid 2aidwho
who ho Avereinvolved were involved in the demonstra demonstration demoiistration emlstra emlstraton ¬
tion ton Only during my second year ear at atthe atthe atthe
the university universiy I happened happene to come quite quiteaccidentally quitaccidental quiteaccidentally
accidentally accidental across questions questons of social socialcharacter 8cal 8calcharacter socialcharacter
character thanks thanJi to reading books of ofpolitical ofpOltcal ofpolitical
political pOltcal economy econom and nd universal univf sal history historyI
I Avas 3B well eU versed in general commerce commercetaking connnrcetaking connuercetaking
taking part in the business of my par parents par parents pareats ¬
ents even while whie at school school That 1hat is iswhy i iswhy
why I know by what means riches r hes are arecreated arecreated arecreated
created created I can regard conscientiously conscientiouslyall conscientously conscientouslyal
all al questions questons which are supposed sUPPlce1 to be besocial le lesocial liesocial
social signs As I developed and my myopinions m mopinions myopinions
opinions took concrete form my ideas ideasbecame itea iteabecame ideasbecame
became idealistic id alstc and liberal lb rdJ ina hu humanitarian humanitarian humanitanian ¬
manitarian more than a political pltcal sense senseI en e
I did not read any more with wih faith the theSvet theSvet theSvet
Svet and Viedomosti Vledomost Preaching of ofcorporal ofcorporaJ ofcorporal
corporal punishment and hate cf man mankind mankind mankind ¬
kind revolted revoled me The second year yearof yearof eal ealof
of life lfe at the university passedvery passedveryAvell pa passed ed very velTwen verywell
wen with me I did not taky tak part in inthe inthe inthe
the meetings meetngs and did not know linow svhero svherothey Ivhercthey hl hlthey
they had their clubs About the Ques Question queton que5tion ¬
tion ton and existence of labor problem roblpJ in inRussia inRu inRussia
Russia Ru sia I was ignorant Illegal litera literature ltela ltelatme literatute ¬
I have I naive naiAethat naivethat
ture never seen ceen was so naivf
that the acquaintance of a Moscow MoscowAvorkman Moaowworkman Ios ow owwOkman
workman wOkman was not of any an use to me meThis IeThis lieThis
This workman wanted to learn Itan from fromme frm frmme rnrn rnrnme
me poetry and nd arithmetic arihmete I mrt nwf him himopenly himopenly h im imopenly
openly and did not know that such kin kinJ kinJof < l lof
of acquaintances could be called sus suspicious suspicious suspicious ¬
picious and could lead to disagreeable disagreeableconsequences lisagreeableconsequences Jis8gr ea le leconsequences
consequences for both of us U I taught taughtthis tuht tuhtthis taughtthis
this man arithmetic arithmetc but I do not not re remember rt rtlnember nomember ¬
member to him ever having mentioned mentoned politks politksto pltc s sto ato
Became a Revolutionist RevolutionistMy
My l revolutionary nholutolary life lfe begun lHhn IH il the thebeginning thebeginning thebeginning
beginning of MJQ1 l lUI l when I took part con conscientiously CCHscentouply cciscieutioudy ¬
scientiously scentouply in the students movements movementswhich InOelt inovenitntswhich nts ntswhich
which began from the th time tme the Kieff Kieffand Kief Kieffand
and St Petersburg students were w re sent sentto sentto sentto
to serve in the army At t this dine ime I IAvas rwas Twas
was neither neiher socialist socilst nor revolution revolutionist revoluton revolutonist ¬
ist At most I was simply a liberal liberalThe lberal lberalThe liberalThe
The first frst illegal iegal literature lterture which came cameto cameto cameto
to my notice notce was the students prods proclamations prodsmations ¬
mations matons My 1y comrades knew l new well wel with withAAhat wih wihwhat withwhat
what difficulty difculy I was wat brought to take takepart talcpart takepart
part in the protest against aginst the breaking breakingof breaklpof
of laws and the military nliltar service whiii whidlwas whichwas i iAAas
was forced on the other students stu ents I Ialready I Ialready Iulreadr
already knew that if I decided dp i eJ to ino inotest pro protest potest ¬
test I would go to the end en and for His trisI it is isI
I would be compelled compeJed to to serA serve e in i th tharmy tharln tharmy
army arln At that time tme there was as a rumcr rumcrthat runwrthat lurnmrthat
that several students student had been shot shotAvljo shotwlo shotwho
Avljo who refused to swear sweral alttgiiincs ialj an ald aldwould aid aidwould < l lAvouid
would not obey obf orders The h Russian Ru Russiacpress ial i ipress I Ipress
press was wa forbidden to writ writj about abut ilu ilustudents thstudents ihitstudents
students Only the Moscow osc Viedomo Viedomoti iedomc iedornecti
ti t occasionally occaslon11 wrote something It Itseemed I Itseemed
seemed to me as if a sheet had fallen fallenover fuUenover fallenover
over Russia and through this sheet sheetcould seet seetcould sheetcould
could be seen various things which whi h I Icould 1could Icould
could not understand I plunged pl1n ed into intothe int intothe
the demonstration demonstraton notwithstanding the theprayers tlt theprayers
prayers vrayer of my father to be cautious cautiousThe cautous cautousThe cautiousThe
The year rear 1901 was fatal lo me as well AveIas we1as wellas
as to ihany than others When th first frst shot shotin shotin shotin
in Kharkoff Kharkof was wa heard I got afraid I Ihad i ihad ihad
had the idea that perhaps perhap I also aJ o was wasin wasin
in some way to blame but the next nextcurrence oc occurrence oceiirrence ¬
currence as if on purpose iwersed r verl my myideas nlYideas myideas
ideas I saw how 11 the police polce were med meddling meddUng ineddung ¬
dUng in the affairs and an were > lsymg lsymgspy 1 lsyiiigspy yiHg
spy I had the pleasure of being sum suiim summoned summmmccl
m moned ned before the local court where wherethey wh wherethey < re rethey I
they tried to give ive me the idea that thf th the thegovernment thegov thegovernnient
government gov < rmuent could not stop the stuuciits stuuciitsand stuJentsand studcntsaiid
and would not do dt eo 10 I was In th Mos Moscow l tos toscow H Hco ¬
cow co manege m nebe where hiere I was sent nt with Avithmany wih wihman withmany
many man other students There AVC Wf sat satthree satthre satthree
three thre days guarded guardC by b Cossacks Cosacks and andsoldiers andsoldiErs antIsoldiers
soldiers soldiErs There I heard how outside outsidethe outSIdethe outsidethe
the workmen and other people tried tifd to tobreak tr tobreak >
break the doors door in order to o release us usbut usbut usbut I
but we saw saw that against our deliver deliverto deUerance deliverance
ance there was was a row f soldiers ready readyto
to shoot our rescuers down After that thatwe thatwe I
we were sent to Butirshoe Butrshoe prison and T Tbecame Tbecame
became a a convict In this tis prison prion I for forthe forthe forthe I
the first trst time tme became acquainted with Avithbooks withbooks withbooks
books on revolution revoluton For the first lst time timeI I
I heard the brave word reAOlutiou At Attliis Atthis Atthis
this time tme in Moscow locow there happened ls IJptmed a ademonstration ademonstraton ademonstration
demonstration demonstraton of the workmen worknlu who whoAvere whowere whowere
were helping the students on tht great greatbattlefield greatbattefeld greatbattlefield
battlefield battefeld of political poltcal reform re orm At this thistime thistme thistin
time tme tin e the holy synod excommunicated excommunicatedthe Om1Uni at d dthe
the celebrated celebratfd writer wrier Tolstoy i knew knewTolstoy lentw lentwTlstoy knewTolstoy
Tolstoy Tlstoy oiHy oirX ao a t balladist and an did dil not notknow notknow notknow
know his religious relgiuus opinions and ii JvW JvWlerned w wlearned v vlearned
learned lerned that this favored writer was wascursed wascursed wascursed
cursed for f r sins which faor9 were not knov kn kimotmi kimotmito wl wlto ii iito
to me The priestf priestrscurset1 cursed cursd Tolstoy 0101 0101ly OlJl ornly
ly I learned that there is no freedom freedomof
of speech speeh in Russia At t this Uiie taePet taePetelsbulg Pet Petersburg Petersburg ¬
ersburg elsbulg students were ere beaen beafn unmerci unmercifully umnerifuly unmercifully ¬
fully fuly with whips at the time tme of f a dem demonstration iiemnonstration it ¬
onstration onstraton on Kazan KazanSuale square So Safte Saftebein afte aftebeinr aftebelnz
beinr bein = involved in these thE e affairs affnJlst D t cnnii cnniiout Cdr caniout
out a man with reAolutlon y Inclira Inclirations lzicliraI ucU a
I tions tons My destiny d thl was w s decide hlli hllicominS My Mycoming MyI
1 I coming cominS to the vay of thinking of active actiAereAoIutloiiists actiyeI activerevolutionists
reAoIutloiiists revolutonists was only 01113 a l mitter InlHe of oftime 0 oftime r rtme
time tme Only a month or two had passed papsodwhen pa passedwheii
I when I was arrested again in April Apri of ofiliCi
1901 1911 I was wa accused of being b in in pc pcsses pcssession ses session HSsion
sion of illegal ile al literature lterature res after afer my myexclusion ty tyexcusion myexclusion
exclusion excusion froi from the university unhrelity I gradu gradually gdu gdulaUy gradually ¬
ally began reading reading the books of socialis socialistic sociaUtic sociallatie ¬
tic nature and read illegal iegl editions editons be becoming b bloming bcoming ¬
coming loming more asquainted with the tasks tasksof tasksof tasksof
of the revolutionists rvolutontt with their vnys of ofagitating ofagitatng ofagitating
agitating agitatng and began b gan to feei r l myself in insympathy insympathy n ns
sympathy s mpathY with wih them But Athen hen they theyarrested th tharrested theyarrested
arrested me so soon on after af r my I banish banishment banishment banishmont ¬
ment from ron Moscow 110scow I had no time tme in inspit inspie inspte
spit spie e of my good wishes wi she and conA conl couvic couvictions kr krtions
tions tons to show any activity nctl I wag ur urreatqd arrestqd lr lrret
reatqd ret d first fr formycQnvictions fonipy Or1ycolwlctons convictlons for my myideas myider in inideas
ideas ider arm ar amid on account of this I rotira rotiranot couVInottake coifinottakeqn
not nottake nottakeqn takevan n active ac f part In the move movement moveA moveAfter ¬
j ment nient After Afet my my banishment ou Ol ac iC iCI ¬
count of niy nl convictions eon tons I could ouit not nothelp nothelp ot othep
hep help being a revolutionist revolutionistGovernment rolutlist rolutlistGovernmen revolutienistGovernment
Government to Blame BlameThe Blamehe BlameThe
The he government goernet made Ide me 11e a I revoiur revoiurtlotifct revoiVtiotilet
tlotifct Uonlt It I declared declare me to t be b eUtSktO eUtSktOthe utsl utk te tethe
the te law it I forced forcd m r to the rwvoltl rwvoltltionists JevQla JevQlatonits revOlUtionists
tionists tonits ranks rnks ls ska The government gvemmtt1uS Wue Wuenot u5 u5not
not the Ue cause of my becoming bCling a social socialist sOetal1st il ¬
ist 1st I became lcame a socialist SJaUst by eAn e eaXntg eaXntgof < 5 5of
of the te evils evis in society 3Iet and oy 0 learning learningthe h iearnIngthe Ilngthe
the means maus of heih healing them I tecaipe tecaipea bC bCa beearra
a socialist sialit after I had been ben a i I evolu evolutionist VuItitionist ult ¬
tionist tinit and when wheuzi 11 became bame a a siKrialidt siKrialidtray aodl1113tmy odal0t odal0tmy
my revolutionaryideas reolutonr revolutionary Ides ideas became bam ftrrtii ftrrtiiger st tnmer rOll rOllger
ger er becuse because when whe fighting fghtng tor or social socialistic moehiiistie oclistc ¬
istic istc Ideas iEas i i by force fone of o ctivurnstaircts ctivurnstairctswas dut tna 1
was wa obliged oblge to come lmE into contact f ct with withthe withthe withthe
the resistance resitu < of the th4 goAerniwm Jnerunft I Iwas Iwa Iwas i
was wa a member Ub of the party c osoeist osoeistdemocrats < > fso < Ml Mldemocrats uldenlorts
democrats denlorts and social sil revolutkmhrts 1olutolt revolutionlatsI
1 was nota terrorist terrot and only the thetions t ttons ic ictioiis <
tions tons of Messrs Me Sipiaguine Slp ine and am Ptetove Ptetovegradually Ptt PttgladuaUy Plebvcgiadually
gradually persuaded nuiule nit 1 of the n necs necssity < ctes ctesity t
sity ity for armed armo reply ry to the violence violenceshown vilenteshown j
shown by these tbt ministers nlnitel n Whac Vba ba pains painsit P
it cost cot the ivoiutionistd 1oiatol to decide eddt on onthis Ol Olthi Ontl
this thi tl ls sad sd necessity neeiy is shown wn by the t pro programme Irc mmccgramnie ¬
gramme Jramme of the th 4 tocsty cety ty A IhuMsh AtbuMtb the 11wnecessity thenecessity th
necessity nccesit of terroristic teJolisti avid am uther thfr vio violence yb yblence ¬
lence was used U nearly nerly nearI daily c ii th U tplm sod society si sodety ¬
ety Ety could luld rwH ot decide ie to introdoce intru t tt tee teeror < tf tfror
ror as one o of its tt The
means Inens e pro prograniine MO MOgrannne 0 0srnun
grannne srnun of the society liety reads as fol follows 10 follows ¬
lows Without rihut introducing iDtraucnt tcrrorH tcrrorHtic t rl
tic tc acts nct into our programme po lnlme we w the thesociety thesiey theSociety
society siey k lave leave ave them to the ijersonal 1 15ofal risiv risivof rb iistOf
of the members mem r of u i the tt sovWty sovWtyMy 8 so lety letyMy t tlly
My lly relation rltin to terror t ror at that time timewas Ult timewas
was unsettled unsete 1 admitted admite that tht in insome Insme iiiseine
some sme jeases tses terror ttIo was as iiuHswensablc iiuHswensablcbut iudsun ie iebut
but on account aClount of the peaceful IJe ceful and an pro productive PI PIdutve produetive ¬
ductive dutve tabor hb of the working wOtkln classes ela I Idid Iid Idid
did id not Jot feel fel justified justfed in proposing Jropsins it I to tothe t tOthe
the mass mas of the revolutionary revoutonry party pru pruWllS I IAvas Iwas
was sure that many of us could coul be befound befound
found sensitive ensitve and deckled deied who whoAvouid whowould bo bowould
would not be afraid afrdid to go and protect protectthe prtet prtetthe protsetthe
the lives lves and tnd honor of citisens citisensCast citzens citzensCast citisensCast
Cast Into I Prison PrisonHaving PrisonHaving PrisonHaving
Having become bome a revolutionist revolutinit In
1901 I in March arch 15W2 10 was wa again ar arrested axrested r ¬ I Ireted
rested reted for a years ears activity actily in the tb so society s society ¬
ciety clet 1 remained remaine in prison > rison for one al ad ada slid slida d da
a half haf years and was then banished bnis for forfive ferfve forlive
five fve years yers to the Yakoutsk government gOAernmentMy
O My y revolutionary reolutonary life lasted only onlythree onlythree onlythree
three years ers half of which I lNs istssed Hissed in inprison inprison iiiprison
prison Even life lfe in prison prion did not notgive notgive notgive
give me any peace During the search searchthey sh shthev searchthey
they broke brok my m arm and stretched stretce my mymouth m mmo mymouth
mouth mo th only on because baus I wanted to des destroy de destioy ¬
troy to some sme papers pprs The search was wa so sodisgusting sodisgusting
disgusting disusing that my m relatives relatve thought thught I Iwas 1wu Iwas
was wu going mad and would ould commit sui suicide suicide sulcide ¬
cide The gendarmes gendarme from personal personalhatred plaJ plaJhatred personalhatred
hatred did d not nt give ive me peace par even in inprison inprison inprison
prison There Thre they daily duiy searched arhe me mea mea mea
a humiliating humiatng search from head hed to foot footComplaining fot fotComplaining footComplaining
Complaining to the procureur Ploureur did dd not nothelp nothelp nothelp
help me I was almost driven mad 11 d by bythe bythe bythe
the daily daiy disgusting dis u3ng behavior of the thegendarmes thegendarmes
gendarmes enarmes To my complaints they theyanswered tey teyanswered theyanswered
answered It I is not your business businessInterviews busne businessInterviews
Interviews with wih relatives relatve and my mymother Jyy Jyymothel mymother
mother were made a torture thanks thanksto t aJks aJksto
to the gendarmes gedarmes My ly mother was wa sub subjected sb sbjected subjected ¬
jected to rough treatment treatmnt and she se was wasadvised wasadvised
advie advised not to have anything An thin to do dowith do1th dowith
with 1th her disgraceful disgrceful son sn My com complaint ce cernplaint ¬
plaint on thin occasion oasi n was met with withcomplain withcomplaln withcomplain
darmes complain to the chief of the tn gen gendarmes geedarmes ¬
Fasted in Protest ProtestAs
As a protest against this brutality brutalityI brutaity brutaityI
I fasted seven SfYf1 days da The governor gOfrnor who whocame whocame ho hocame
came to me told me that the life lfe of ofone one 0nE
student was wa nothing nthln hi I comparison comparisonWith opln oplnwith comparisonwith
With with the interests of the te state stte He was wasright wa wasright
right l h The year yer did not nt pass p without withoutseeing wtout wtoutseing withoutseeing
seeing seing the sacrifice srifc of many ma hundreds hundredsof hndres hndresOr
of lives lhe for to the te state stte The result rsult of my myCast mytt myfast
Cast tt was that tat I was wa sent snt to Samara Samaraprison Saara Saaraprn Samaraprison
prison In Samara Smar I had h a chance cce of ofmeeting ofmeetng ormeeting
meeting meetng revolutionists reolutomst who wh were wer chosen chosenfrom chost1 chosetrolti
from fr ail 1 parts prts of Russia Russia From Fro them themafe thema themthmni
afe a from tm personal prnal witnesses witnss I knew knewAvht knewwh kne iv ivwhat
what wh had happened bppe to me m l had d hap happened haple happewd ¬
pened le to others othe I myself myslf saw sw people peopleAvho popl poplw1o peoplewho
who w1o were beaten ba ten in prisons prln and in inpolice inplce in inpolice
police plce courts < urts people ple who were man mantimes manUmes many manytimes >
times compelled cmple to hunger hu er for many nlanydy manydisys
dttys dy together tbther people pple who wh from tm want wantand wantand wantand
and prison prin life lfe went into iDo consumption consumptionEvery Cmmpton CmmptonEery consumptionEvery
Every day I saw parties of political pol1ticmnIsoners
Eery dy s prJ pitcal pitcalprne
prisoners prne nIsoners going soin to Siberia SiberiaWhile Sibra SiberiaVhuie
While Vhle In prison prisn I read ra revolution revolutionary roluton rolutonay ¬
ary ay literature lterdtr and thinking tnklb of all al I Ihad Ihad
had seen and heard head I became bme a social socialrevolutionist sotsalrevolutionist T TrvoiuUonist
h sen an
revolutionist rvoiuUonist I had a a heartrending heartrendingfIfug he heartrendingVesting tending tendingD
Vesting D when hen I heard her of o the t1e lights fht soin goimz goimzon in inon r ron
on in Vilna Vina and Khrkot KharKoff and A especially especiallythe eplaly eplalytJ
the tJ shooting sotng of the Kharkoff Khakof workmen workmenI worklll worklllI
I knew ew that tht men me were er shot u e enemi enemiof emk emkf enemiOf
of f the th state sate They Thy were men wh whdid whodi windid >
did di not even understand uudttnd the t wor1 wor1revolution worlrevolution or1 or1revoluton
revolution revoluton They were wee only at fault faultbecause faullbeus fauimbecause
because beus they the did not want their thi wag wagdecreased wagderee wagdecreased
decreased deree I knew kne that tht people ppl of all allclasses altclaistes a acla
classes cla and of all al ages e were wer beaten beatenwomen batell batellQlep beatelwomen
women Qlep and children chidln also aJ We Ve took tok it itas I
as A 5 a signal sa for fo battle btl We Ve T0 thought tUlht of ofthe orth cithe
the th twentyeight twentyeiht coffins cln the tb innumer innumerable innumlra innumtrable ¬
able a le wounded wounde the two volleys olY by th thlie thli tbim >
lie li soldiers Idier Hearing H rng of this tbl I trio trioto i ito Ito
to think of a battle btte scene se but bt thi thipicture thipitur this thispicture >
picture pitur was as nothing nothln in eomparhH eomparhHwith ompri coulpanistwith 0 0wih
with wih the tbe dreadful dreadul scene s which whih was wa 1 1inar II be beleg
leg ID enacted enate by b the government govermet in th thpeaceful thopacful tbpeaceful
peaceful pacful streets trt of smal small Russia Rug Russitowns ia1 ia1town i itowns
towns town With Vih what herpless Mtle rage rge rgealke i iwalked iwaiked
walked alke about abut my prison pi cell cl How I Iknocked Iknoke Iknoeke4
knocked knoke my head htAd against agint the wails wals aim aimbroke ano a I Ibroke
broke my hands hnd in trying tr > in to smasu smasuthe sma smathe smaithe
the prison prin windows and what wht aervil aerviland sni serviland
and an bitter biter tears teAn I wiped wip from frol my cy E eyI s sI
I prayed Pre to be b able abl to revenge revee it all allif allit 1
It 1 had freedom but when I Igot Jst Igot
got st to know kw that the executioner exeutir exeutirth o othe 0the
the th inhabitants inhbiat had hd perished I Ibreathed Ibrethe Ibreathed
breathed brethe freely frly God G Mess b pe the m mwho nw nwb mmwho
who b had hd done the th deed dt Bopruanoviti Bobdalovitl Bogdanovitt1bad U Uhad
had to iKerish erlsh rib His Hi existence exitenc fouled foul th tliair thair
air a Like a storm it hung over OVM us ail ainlall alil alilal ailall
all al held their breath and waited te Only OnlyBogdanovitch 011 011Bodanvlth OilyBogdanoviteh
Bogdanovitch Bodanvlth did di not wait ai Having Havingobtained H 1lavim ill illobtin
obtained obtin Plehves approval apva this th hor horrible ho horible ¬
rible executioner ex utonEr considered on d hinis hinissafe himSle hinissale
safe Sle Yiite visited his mistress mistr openly o ly and andaJke rl rlwalked
walked aJke 1ked in the parks pr enjoying enying the thespring therng thei4prhlg
spring rng of life lifeJustifies lte lifeJustifies
Justifies Justfes His Act ActYes ActhY ActYes
hY Yes the th government J made tf msf f inc incpeaceful >
peaceful paccful citizen dUzn a i revolutionist rubtUonl revolutionistwhole A Awhole
whole hl row r of murders murder and other ut eric crinii erill
i committed comdte by ministers and ad th thLaments thlI >
Laments alut ag uis forced fOIe me first frt to Justify jify 1 u
self slf and then to enter on o the th pr prj 1p <
j I gratue aRle of o terrorism terroris How I advam advanefrom <
from theory thery to acts det 1 cannot cnot tell tel I
would seem seem that God had h d chosen i ifor 11 11for nI >
sm Go con
I for this tbif a at < t When I ran rn away fro frome fruSibria
Sibria Siberia I felt that spirts spirits were bh hellil I 1 1me II
I me and nd would not leave le ve me ID either eiher 1 tnight 1Dit 1night >
night Dit or day whispering wh pn to t me You Youmust Yount Youmust
must nt you ou must When i ithought ith Ithought
thought th ught of what wht was done by Mlnistc MlnistcPl MinistePlehve lnistp lnistpPlebve
Pl Plebve bve I felt that I had h no right riht to n npeaceful npaceful npeaceful
peaceful paceful life lfe By killing kUing Plehve I ortU ortUdid onl onldid onidid
did whatmy conscience 101Sience demanded demandedme 0 0me ome
me and only reget regtt that together will willhim vit vithim
him his coachman perished and tht thtCaptain thtCaptain
Captain Tzetziiisky was subjected t tsuch tsuch >
such a serious Avound
Red School House Quality QualityIs
Is the safest guarantee under which to buy buyshoes buyshoes
shoes It has stood twenty years for honest honestfootwear honestfootwear
footwear footwearThe footwearThe
on a shoe means that it is the economical one oneto oneto
to buy It costs no more than any other good goodshoe goodshoe
shoe and wears longer The famous famousRed
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Among Men MenWrite >
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Write ToDay rr I 7 Are You One OneDo
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Let any man who Is weak broken down old ind r i dfropit am rt In physical weak weakness weakness
ness full of 1 pains and ach aches s gloomy < Jfs > onlfnt and 411 dwrless I I rhasany any man manAAho martwho
who wants to be stronger and younger than h feels et him come and tell tPHme tellI
I me how he feels and if I say that I can cure him I will forfeit J3000 If I fail failI
I dont want money that 1 deat earn I dont ne nod d it and am not after afterit
it But I am after the dollars th tht t are now going wrong In The li qu quest st or orthey orhealth
health Look at mmii these poor wrecks of humanmly that are spending alt
G they earn on drugs drugsdop dop that is paralyzing their vital orsants organsthat that have havespent haveI
I spent all they have earned for years without gaining a pound of strength strengthfor
for the hundreds hundredsof of dollars wasted wastedThat wastedG
That is the money that I am after because for every dollar I tak take I can canKlAe canI
I G 4 give a thousand per cent inir Interest st and I dont want it at all until I have haAeyou haveI
I 6 cured you if you will secure me I have cured so inasy cases right here herethat +
that I can prove my claims to you but IC that proof is not enough Ill give giveyou
you the names of men right near you youwherm where you ar are is that fair fairMost fairMost
Most of the Belts that 1 am selling now are to men who have been sent senthere senthere
here by their friends whom I have cured l think that it th the best evidence evidencethat L La
a that TP bu btnees > < nest < is a success from th the standpoint of cures as well as on onthe W Wthe
the dollar side sideWherever sideWherever
Wherever ou are r think I can give you the name of a man In your yourI yourtown
town that I have cured Justsolid me your address and let inc try This Thisis
I is my twentyfourth year in the buin tI5ft55 j of pumping new vim into wornout worn J JK
K out humanity and Ive got cures in iraarty every town oa the map mapWrite T TWrite
Write to me and nd Ive sot ot a nice book on men that Ill send sealed free If ifa T Tyou
a you inclose this coupon A
h couponNot Not sold in drug stores 2 2fe 4 4Put
fe 2
Put yqur name on this Coupon and send it in ine J JB
e 4 4DRL
DRL B MLAUGHLIX OSt ll5t1th Mth SU SLDcnver JDcnvcr Cob > I ISend 0 0ci
ci Send me your FREE BOOK BOO ctosely sealed and oblige obligeNAME I IADDRESS

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