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The Salt Lake herald. [volume] (Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1870-1909, December 31, 1905, Last Edition, Section Six, Image 64

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058130/1905-12-31/ed-1/seq-64/

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j J 00 V Snort port but ut J 1 A Clump of Bamboo a Poor oor Woer orker
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i ENANG ENANGThe The Malay Federation Federationconsists FederationconsIsts Federationconsists
P consists of the four states of ofPerak otPerak ofPerak
Perak Selangor Negri Sembilanand Sembilan Sembilanand Sembl1anand
and Pahang They occupy the greater greaterpart greaterpart greaterpart
part of the Malay peninsula which whichlies whichlies whichlies
lies between the Straits of Malacca on ontho ontho onthe
tho west and the China sea on the theeast theeast theeast
east The first three named have a acombined acombined acombined
combined coast line on the Straits of ofMalacca ofralacca oftltalacca
Malacca of about 190 miles while the thelatter thelatter thelatter
latter borders the China sea and has a acoast acoast acoast
coast line of about 130 miles The com combined combined combined ¬
bined area of the four states is a little littleless littleless littleless
less than that of the state of Maine MaineThe MaineThe MaineThe
The whole of the peninsula is tropical tropicalIn
In character and is well watered by In Innumerable innumerable innumerable ¬
numerable streams some of which are arenavigable arenavigable arenavigable
navigable for steamers of light draft draftas draftt draftas
t as far as fifty miles from the sea seaAn seaAn seaAn
An agreement was signed in July
1895 between the rulers of the Malay Malaystates Malaystates Malaystates
states and the English government governmentwhereby governmentwhereby governmentwhereby
whereby the federation was formed formedand formedand formedand
and the different countries passed un under under under ¬
der the protection of British rule The Thearrangement Thenrrangement Thearrangement
arrangement is simply that the rulers rulersof rulersof rulersof
of the above named states agree to ac accept accept accept ¬
cept an English officer to be styled styledthe styledthe styledthe
the resident general as the agent and andrepresentative andxo andrepresentative
representative xo of Great Britain and to tofollow tofollow tofollow
follow his advice inall iu aU matters of ad administration administration administration ¬
ministration other than those ose touching touchingtupon touchingwpon touchingtarpon
tarpon the Mohammedan religion The Thenecessity Thenecessity Thenecessity
necessity for federation resulted fr trr fr4constant c cjconstant I
jconstant quarrels and factional fights fightsbetween fightsetween fightsfbotweon
between the different states It has hasproved hasproved hasproved
proved to be a great improvement improvementover Improementover
over the old regime The disbursement disbursementi dfsbursomentlIOf
i of f public money is so arranged that thatn
lIOf lo t n shortage In one state is made good goodfey goodi
fey i Sby y another in more prosperous cir cirtnmstances clrC cirbttmstances
C tnmstances tnmstancesi
i Malays Not Industrious IndustriousThe
The population of the Federated Federatedftfalay FederatedaJay FederatedMalay
Malay aJay states Is a little lltt less than thanffOOJMXJj
ffOOJMXJj 100000 The flay alay fs t not industrious industriousMB
MB far as his capacity as a workman workmanIs
Is concerned he is numbered among amongthe amongthe amongthe
the most unreliable races in the Orient OrientHe OrIentHe Orientdie
He labors at agriculture in an indiffer indifferent indifferent indifferent ¬
ent way and devotes some of his time timeothe timeto timeRotbe
othe to tbe collection of forest produce He Heengages Heengages Heengages
engages in fishing and boating being beingparticularly beingparticularly beingparticularly
particularly expert in the latter It is iseaid Iseaid issaid
eaid that he is always alw ys a good sports sportsman sportsman sportsman ¬
man working harder and with more moreenjoyment moreenjoyment moreenjoyment
enjoyment with that object in view viewthan vIewthan viewthan
than for the sake of promoting his own ownprofit ownlJroftt ownprofit
profitThose profit profitThose lJrofttThose
Those who know them best despair despairfif
fif the Malay ever being capable of ofmuch ofmuch ofmuch
much improvement The lower tribes tribesare tribesare tribesere
are so shiftless and lazy that they are aresatisfied areatisfied aresatisfied
satisfied with a 3 bare existence The Thefcetter Thebetter Thehatter
better classes have more pride but are arestill arerUU areMill
still too indolent to work preferring to tolive tolive tolive
live by taxing the Chinese who con control control control ¬
trol nearly all the business of the thecountry thecountry thecountry
country The Malays are generally generallymisunderstood generallymisunderstood generallymisunderstood
misunderstood Instead of being the thesullen thesullen thesullen
sullen revengeful character i common commonly common1y commonly ¬
ly portrayed in books of travel they theyare theyare theyare
are merely a thriftless indifferent indifferentrace indifferentrace
race having too little ambition to be beordinarily beordinarily beordinarily
ordinarily anything but peaceful peacefulThey peacefulThey peacefulThey
They have so little energy that they theyshow theyshow theyshow
show no resentment whatever toward towardforeigners towardforeigners towardforeigners
foreigners for taking the leading part partin partIn partin
in the commercial commercIalagricultur agricultural l and andmining andmining andmining
mining pursuits of their country
The Chinese are in the lead in almost almostevery almostevery almostevery
every branch of trade and industry Indus ry In Innumbers Innumbers Innumbers
numbers they outstrip o tstxlp every other na nationality natfonaUty nationality ¬
tionality and their domination is al
Type of Malay Man Manmost Manmost Manmost
most complete This is not surprising surprisingThe
The result has been the same wherever whereverthe
the hardworking economical celestial celestialhas celestialhas celestialhas
has been permitted to try conclusions conclusionswith conclusionswith conclusionswith
with any race on its native heath That Thateasygoing Thateasygoing Thateasygoing
easygoing child of the jungle the Ma Malay Malay Malay ¬
lay could hardly be expected to resist resistthe resistthe resistthe
the rivalry of the Chinaman when the thestrongest thestrongest thestrongest
strongest nations are crying out outagainst outagainst outagainst
against his wearing competition competitionChinese competitionChin competitionChinese
Chinese Chin s Control Tin Mines MinesThe MinesThe MinesThe
The Chinese practically monopolize monopolizethe
the tin mining industry Although they theywork the thework theywork
work with the most primitive appli appliances appUnnces appliances ¬
ances their system is so economical economicalthat economIcalthat economicalthat
that they are able to realize a profit profitfrom profitfrom profitfrom
from land which an European could couldnot couldnot couldnot
not work at all The tin fields are arefound arefOlind arefound
found in alluvial flats with the c3 c3bearing L Lbearing c e ebearing
bearing stratum resting on a slip of ofgray ofgray ofgray
gray or white clay bottom bo bott ttm < m varying var ing in inthickness inthickness inthickness
thickness from a few inches to six or oreight oreight oreight
eight feet The method of working the themines themInes themines
mines is to remove the earth covering coveringthe
the tinbearing tI bearing strata then raise the
Mohammedan Temple at Penang
A Malay Woman Womaniwash Womanwash Womanwash
wash dirt to the surface where It is isseparated isseparated isseparated
separated by exposure to a stream of ofwater ofwater ofwater
water The coolies raise the ore in inbaskets inbaskets inbaskets
baskets and the water they use se is gen generally gel1erally generally ¬
erally pumped by oldfashioned Chi Chinese Chinese Chinese ¬
nese overshot water wheels and end endless endl endless ¬
less l < > ss chain pumps pumpsMost pumpsMost pumpsMost
Most of the Chinese mining is done doneon doneon doneon
on the truck system all food and sup supplies supplies supplies ¬
plies being furnished by the mine own owners owners owners ¬
ers or those who advanced the money moneyto mopeyto
to work the claim Many of these thesemines thesemines thesemines
mines are operated that could not be beworked beworked beworked
worked if it were not for the gain de derived derived derived ¬
rived from the sale of food to the cool coolies coolIes coolies ¬
ies Nearly all the men engaged in this thiswork thiswork thiswork
work are brought into the country on onwhat onwhat onwhat
what is known as the contract systemtheir system systemtheir systemtheir
their fare being paid by some one who whocontrols whocontrols whocontrols
controls their wages until the obliga obligation obligation obligation ¬
tion is discharged Another arrange arrangement arrangement arrangement ¬
ment is for a moneyloaner mone loaner to advance advancethe advancethe advancethe
the capital for a crowd of coolies to towork towork towork
work a claim and after settling with withhim withhim withhim
him for the price > rice of food and all sup supplies supplies supplies ¬
plies whatever profit remains is di divided dIvided divided ¬
vided equally among the men
Only a Yer very small area Ieu of land is isunder Isnder istinder
under cultivation in the Malay states statesAgriculture statesAgriculture statesAgriculture
Agriculture isin is in a very primitive prI iUve state stateThis stateThis stateThis
This is explained by the scant population popula population populatfon ¬
tion and the ease with which the na natives natlvesC natives ¬
tives tlvesC can cauTsustain sustain life In some districts districtsthe d1stntsthe districtsthe
the density is only six to the square squaremile squaItmUe squaremile >
mile or one to every eV ry 100 acres tf tfground tfground tfground
ground In some portions ojC the coui COUtry couitry i itry
try the traveler will mnot notsee notes see she human humanhabitation humanhabitation humanhabitation
habitation for days d ys By BV working at atintervals atinterv atintervals
intervals interv ls in the mines or by keeping keepinga
a small garden anrd n or patchoLjcice patch oftIce landthe land landthe laT d dthe
the ordinary Malay alay secures enough enoughmoney enlJu enuurhmoney h hmoney
money to make his existence comforta comfortable comfortble ¬
ble and easy according to to his standard standardof
of life Although corn is grown in inconsiderable inconsiderable inconsiderable
considerable quan quantities q an1Itles itios it is always of ofa fita f fa
a very poor quality Potatoes otato cannot cannotbe cannotbe cannotbe
be raised e except tcept in the higher lati latitudes latitudes lattudes
tudes Such vegetables as onions car carrots carrots ar arrots ¬
rots and tomatoes can only be culti cultivated ru1ttvated cultivated ¬
vated at an elevation and the geed geedmust seedmust 3pedmust
must be imported importedWhen Importedhen importedWhen
When hen the farming methods of th thnatives thf thfnatIves thnatives °
natives are considered it is not sur surprising surprising surprising ¬
prising that their effort bring briD so little littlereturn UttYereturn littlereturn
return The plow they use IB l a clumsywooden clumsy clumsywooden clumsywooden
wooden implement which little more morethan mOfPthan morethan
than scratches the surface of the soil soilIn soilIn soilIn
In harvesting they use a small hand handblade halldblade handblade
blade which cuts only one stalk of ofgrain ofgrain ofgrain
grain at a time This process is so slow slowand slowand slowand
and laborious that a crowd of field fieldhands fieldhands fieldhands
hands will work half a month in clear clearing clearIng clearIng ¬
ing up a piece of grain that one of our ourmodern ourmodern ourmodern
modern reapers would cut in two or orthree orthree orthree
three hours hquraThe hoursThe hQ11rlThe
The Malays use water buffaloes as aswork aswork aswork
work animals and suffer great loss lossfrom lossfrom lossfrom
from the frequent attacks of rindt rinderpost > r rpost rpest
post Instead of o protecting their fields fieldswith fieldswith fieldswith
with fences they stretch strings of ofcharms otcharms ofcharms
charms on posts around the cultivated cultivatedpatch cultivatedpatch cultivatedpatch
patch and believe that spirits will prey preyupon prt preyupon Y Yupon
upon anything MY thing that dares to pass under underthese underthese underthese
these charms Rats mce and bats are areother arlLother areother
other enemies of the crops but the thefarmer thefarmer thefarmer
farmer takes np precaution against agalnetthese agaimtthese againstthese
these except to perform certain incan incantations Incantations incantations ¬
tations and maglo m glo ceremonies which whichare whlchare whichare
are a a part of his religious belief The Thefact Thefact Thefact
fact that his fields continue to suffer sufferfrom sufferfrom sufferfrom
from the ravages of such vermin does doesnot dopsnot doesnot
not seem to destroy his belief in the theefficacy theefficacy theefficacy
efficacy of the th charms charmsMethods charmaMethods charmsMethods
Methods of White Planters PlantersWhite PlantersWhite PlantersWhite
White planters who open up ern rocoa rocoanut o onut oa oanut
nut or rubber plantations manage > to toderive tl tlderive toderive
derive profit by utilizing the land br brtween brtween brtween
tween the young trees for planting va various various various ¬
rious subsidiary crops such as ban bananas bannas bananas ¬
anas nas Chinese yams and vegetables vegetablesIn
In clearing a piece of land for a plantation plan plantation plantatIon ¬
tation the dead wood is piled arid aridburned anrburned andburned
burned on the ground gr und because the theashos tbeashes theashes
ashes enrich the soil and tend to de destroy destroy destroy ¬
stroy the breeding places of white ants antsand antsand antsand
and cocoanut beetles which are most mostdestructive mostdestructive mostdestructive
destructive pest Cheap Chinese la labor labor labor ¬
bor is the th Paving a sag feature of these t ese plan plantation plantation plantation ¬
tation schoines sehj nes If the planter does doesnot doesnot doesnot
not care to tf bother with subsidiary subsidiarycrops subsidIarycrops subsidiarycrops
crops he sublets his land to a China Chinaman Chinaman Chinaman ¬
man for from 3 to 10 per acre per perannum perannum perannum
annum and the latter agrees to keep keepthe kpppthe keepthe
the estate free from weeds and to see seethat seEthat seethat
that the drains are atc always in good goodworking goodworking goodworking
working orderThe order orderThe orderThe
The cause of education has met with withlittle withlittle withlittle
little encouragement in the Malay Malaystates MalaYstates Malaystates
states Schools have been establish established ¬
ed in the villages and country centers centerswherever centerswherever centerswherever
wherever It was thought possible to toget toget toget
get thirty or forty pupils p plls together In Insome Insome Insome
some places the parents take advan advanContinued advanContinued advanContinued
Continued on Page 5
< b II iIUL iIULe <
I The e Utah ta Sugar u ar LI Comp OInpany nyl Jo
r r
Factory at atLehi atLehi
Lehi Utah UtahIiIIt
With Pumping Stations at Provo ProvoSpringviIle ProvoSpringville
SpringviIle and SpanIsh Fork Forki ForkThe forkTie
Factory at atGarland c
Garland Utah UtahII
Idaho SugarCOrripany SugarCOrripanyFactoryatJldaho Sugar Cornpany Cornpanyat i
Factory FactoryatJldaho at ° Idaho Falls Idaho < Factory factory at Sugar City Cit IdahoI Idaho IdahoPumping ldaho8Pumping
I j w Pumping g Station Stationat at Parker Par ar + cer er > Idaho Idahonake Idahoj IdahoSnake IdahoSnake
Snake River iver iverFactory Valley Sugar Co0 Co0Factory I Io
o i 4
Factory at Biatckfoot B a kfoot9 Idaho IdahoMain Idahot
< 14
10 101 > T1 v c < 9 iThi iThiFioor
rT I is < Ii J ic 0 V Vo
t r rMain <
Main Office ffice and Headquarters News Annex Ground GrovindSALT GroundFIor GroundFIorSALT GroundSALT Fioor a >
t 4i < fo < fK t i ij il
l i iI
1 >

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