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The Salt Lake herald-Republican. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1909-1918, August 15, 1909, Section Three, Image 19

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THE HERALDREPUBLICAN SALT LAKE CITY UTAH AUGUST 15 1909 3
tf 1 MR s DOOLEY ON VACATIONS if By Copyright F 1909 by P H H McClure DUNNE Company I I
Well sir said Mr Dooley I
ranly dont know whether Im glad or
Sorry to get back It seems a little
Ethrange to be here again in the tur
moil iv life fn a large city but thin
again tis pleasant to see th famllar
fares wanst more Has anny thing
happened since I whit away on me va
cation Did ye miss me Am I much
sunburnt i
I
What arre ye talkin about
abnut asked Mr Hennessy I see
Jp ony last night
Ye did not said Mr Dooley Ye
may hav seen me undherstudy but ye
dtflnt see nw Where was I It de
pnris on what time Iv night it was If
it a 8 oVIock I was croosln in Pier
piint Morgans yacht off th coast Iv
Labrador We were both Jv us settin
vir IIn > th front stoop Iv thO boat I had
jut won thirty nilllyon dollars frm
him throw dice an he remarked to
1nr I Oft it1 hot in Chicago But
nbnit eight thir v th wind which had
Vi u tow in acrost th brickyard
hanged into tir northeast an 1 moved
lixk to Xf wpoort
Arre JP crazy trw th heat Mr
Hfnnessy asked
Divvle th bit said Mr Dooley
bu long ago I made up me mind not
+ n he th < < lavf iv me vacation I dont
til < e a vji < atiou whin a vacation comes
tf uid an knocks at th dure an
Ulrags me out to a summer resort If
I lid t Id Malt a long time I take It
vhmiverl feel Ilk It ATilniver I have
a moment to spare whin ye are talkin
or business Is slack frm anny other
r > H son I throw a comb an brush into
a gripsack an hurry away to th moun
t in or th seashore While ye think ye
ore talkin to me at that very minyit
I may be floatin on me back in th At
lantic ocean or cllmbin a mountain In
Switzerland yodellin to mesilf
Most iv me frinds take their vaca
tions long afther they are overdue
Thats because they dont know how to
take thim They dcpind on railroads
an steamers an what th boss has to
say about it Long afther th vacation
will do thlm no good about th fifteenth
Iv August they tear off fr th beauties
Iv nature Nachrally they cant tear
off very far or they wuddent hear th
whistle whin it blew to call thim back
Fr a week or two they gpind their
avenins larnin th proftasyon h bag
gageman atm off thrunks be day an
sleepln on thim be night Evenchooly
th time comes rr thim to lave th
sthrife an throuble iv th city that
theyre used to fr th shtrlfe an throu
blo iv th counthry that they dont
know how to handle They catch th
twotwo fr MurtviHebethCannery
or they are Just about to catch it whin
they remimber that they left their tick
ets money an little Abigail Ann be
hind thlm ah they catch th six forty
ftve which doesnt stop at Mxdville
excipt on Choosdahs an Frtdahs in
Lent an thin ony on signal Finlly
tlteyre off Th duet an worry iv th
city with Its sprinkled pavements an
Ita gtowin theayten Is left behind Th
cool counthry air blows into th car
laden with th rich perfume iv 1 dainty
food with which th fireman is ply in his
Irn horse Th thraln stops occasionl
ly In fact ye might betther say that
occasionlly it dont stop A thrain that
is goin to anny Iv th penal colonies
where most men splnd their vacations
will stop at more places thin a boy on
an errand Vhhiiver it sees a human
habitation It will pause an exchange a
few wurruds iv pleasant greetin It
will stop at annything It wud stop
at nawthln It this way ye get a good
idee iv th jography iv yeer native
land Ye make a ten minyit stay at
bustlin little villages that ye didnt
know where on th map an aint on
anny map that ye buy Th ony place
th thrain dont stop is at Mudvillebe
thCannery Ye look into th folder arr
see yeer town marked see note b
Note b says Thrains two to sixteen
stop at Mud vile ony whin Wrecked
What is th number iv this here can
nonball express says ye to th con
ductor man Number tweiw says he
How am I going to get off there says
ye How do ye usually get off a mov
in thrain says he Forward or back
ward 7 says he If yoll go ahead to th
post tr ear an get Into a man bog th
clerk may hang ye on th hook as we
pass Yes a good shot He made
three out iv ten last week he says But
in due time ye reach yeer dostynatlon
an onpack yeer thrunks an com >
Itoirie again A frlnd iv mine a prom
nent railroad ofllcyal who calls th
thrains at th Union deopo tells me hes
cured his wife iv wantin to go on a va
cation Whinlver he sees her read in
advertisements iv th summer resorts
he knows that th fit is coming on qn bo
furs she gets to th stage iv buyin a
cure f r freckles he takes her down to
th deepo an shows her th people gout
on their vacations an comln back
Thin he gives her a boat ride in th
park takes her to th tneaytro an th
next inornin she wakes up with hard
ly J anny sign iv her indisposition
But th kind Iv vacation I take does
ye some good It is well within me
means In fact It slldom costs mo an
nything but now an thin th thrade iv
a customer that I give a bottle Iv pop
to whin he ast fr a gin sour not
knowin that at th minyit I was whiZ
In me time away in th Greek islands
or cllmbin Mount Vesoovyous I dont
have to carry anny baggage I dont
pay anny railroad fares Im not both
ered be mosquitoes or rain In fact
its on rainy days that I thravel most
rm away most iv th time I suppose
me business suffers But woar care
I In th autumn I am pretty apt to be
shootift in th Rocky mountains In
th winter I am Hble to go to Florida
or to th West Indies or to Monty Carlo
Im th ony American citlaen that iver
beat Monty Carlo I plugged away at
number siventeen an It came up
eighty two times runnin Tis thrue I
squandered th money > n tV fickle
Countess de Brie but alsy came atey go
Me disappointment was soon frgotten
among th gayeties iv Algeers I often
go up th Nile because its handy to
th Arrehey road I can get back be
fure bedtime In summer I may go to
Newpoort although it aint th place it
was whin I first wint there It was
simple thin People laughed at Clar
ence Von Steewant because ho wore a
hat encrusted in dimons instead iv th
roughanready goold bonnet that ye
grabbed frm th rubbish Iv old pearl
necklaces an marredge certyflcates on
th hall tible wnin ye whit out to play
tennis It has changed since But
there are still a few rJprisintatives iv
th older memberships Iv th stock ex
change who cannot lave th famllyar
scene an I like to dhrop in on these
pathrlcyans an gossip iv days that
arre no more Faith theres hardly a
place that I dont spind me summers
If I dont like a place I can move I
sail me yacht into sthrange harbors I
take me private car wherelver I want
to go I hunt an I fish Last year I
wint to Canada an fished fr salmon I
made a grreat catchnear thirty cans
An whin Im tired I can go to bed
An It is a bed not a rough sketch iv
a brick yard
Well well what places I have seen
An I always see thlm at their best Th
ony way to see anny place at its best
is nlver to go there No place can be
thruly injyeable whin ye have to take
yeersllf along an pay rent fr him
whin ye get there An wan Iv th
grreat comforts iv my kind iv a vaca
tion is that I always know whats
going on at home Whin Hogan goes
on his kind iv vacation th news
paaper he gets was printed Just afther I
tit third inning iv th baseball same th
day befure yisterdah Th result that
whin Hogan comes home he dont kno f
I
whats happened He doesnt know
whos been inurdhered or whether Chi
cago or Pittsburg is at th head iv th
league
An summer is th best time Iv th
year f r news Th heat an sthrong I
dhrink brings out pleasant peculyarlties
in people They do things that make
readin matther They show signs iv
jainus Ivrythlng in th paaper in
I
threats me Heres th inside news iv i
a cillybrated murdher thrU blossomln
out In th heat Heres a cillybrated
lawyer goln to th cillybrated mur
dherer an demand an increase in th
honoraryum iv his clllybrated collague
Lawyers dont take money What they
get fr their public services in deludin
a jury Is th same as an ofierin in a
church Ye dont give It thlm openly Yo
sind thlm a hunch iv sweet peas with
the money in It This here lamed coun
sel got wan honoraryum But whin
things begun to loog tough fr his prote
gee he suggested another honoraryum
Houoraryum is frm th Latin wurruds
honor an aryum mainln I need th
money
moneYes
Yes sir ye cant injye a vacation
without th paapers How glad I am
to know that congress has adjourned
afther rejoocin th tariff to a level
where th poorest are within its reach
An how cud I be happy away frm
here if I didnt know how me frind Wil
lum Taft was get tin on at goluff Iv
coorse Im inthrested in all that goes
on at th summer capitol I am glad
to know that Charles played tennis
frm ton to liven an aftherward took
a throlley car ride to Lynn where he
bought a pair iv shoes an a piece iv
blueberry pie but at two oclock had
entirely recovered But th rale In
threat is in th prlsidlnfs gotuff Me
favrite Journal prints exthries about
it Specyal exthry six thirty Har
rible rumor Prisidlnt Taft repoorted
stymied Hes th best goluff player
weve iver had as prteldint He cud
give Abram Lincoln a shtroke a stick
He bate th clrampeen Iv the wurruld
last week be a scoore iv wan hundhred
an eighty two to siventyslx He did
I so
Heres a column about ylsterdahs
game A large crowd asstmbled so see
th match Prisidlnt appeared cam an
collected He wore his club unyform
grey pants black leather belt an blue
shirt His opponent th sicrety iv war
was visibly narvous Th prisident was
first off th tee with an excellent three
while his opponent was almost hope
lessly I bunkered in a camera But he
made a gallant recovery with a vac
cuum cleaner an was aven with th
prisldlnt in four Th priridint was
slightly to th left In th long grass on
his fifth but nawthln daunted he took
a hoe an was well out in siven Both
players were in th first bunker In eight
th sicrety IT war bavin flubbed hn
sixth an beta punished fr over darin
on th siventh Th prisidlnt was first
out iv th bunker at a quarther past
two his opponent foU win at exact iv i
three sixteen Th prisidint was with
in ha lin distance Iv home on his s x
teenth shot while his opponent hi i
played eighteen But th pace had be
too swift an it was merely a quest
iv which wud be th lint to crack Tht
misfortune fell to th lot iv th slrr t
is war Findln himsflf In a bad lie M I
undhertook to use a brassy In a ppirr
iv nawthln venture nawthln gain It
was rmaaly a brillyant shot A fvt
nearer th ball an he might have ir
oompUshed a feat in gofuing hishrv
But th luck iv war was against VIM
an be sthrnck htansilf upon th ankl
Th prisidlnt resolvln to give Mm 11
mercy took his dhrlver an mad Ic < >
sterling carry to within thirty yards
th green There was now nawthin fIn >
in Continuln to play with great i l
but always prudently he had a nr
putt Iv not more thin forty feet tn Kv
th records tr prisMlnts rr this hrs i
record that was established he if I
p dent iv t Womens hrh
Timprance Union in nleteen hlnrll <
an three His opponent cried I giv I
to ye a th pint was dow < n r
brillyant twlnty two His opponent W8
obliged to contint hlmstlf with a T1nr
moet but still sound a meritorious
thirtyeight estimated
A there y arre Fm vhlN
but I can always keep in toucn vclth
whats goin o
What kind Ir a pm is goT 111
asked Mr Hen Why do Th >
call I rile a ancient
I dont know said Mr Donley nn
less I I because th pHsillnt iv tr
United States ha Just took It up
Kit Carson The Frontiersmen Greatest of
BY RICHARD SPILLANE
V
In the winning of the west many men
have earned renown ubt probably to no
on is more credit due than to Kit Car
E I As a hunter a scout and an In
1 im fighter he stands preeminent Civi
lized life such as is generally Known by
that term had no harm for him yet
his whol life was devoted to blazing
the way for civilization For more than
fn ity years he l ranged over that vast
1nitory ft of the Missouri much of
ttlmh in his time was an uncharted
ulderness of prairie mountain and
tlfSPit T pn his h rifle alone he Jepend
cil 11 food From the day when a a
youth he vent on his first expedition
untIl the < aN his eventful life ended the
number of times he slept beneath the
rf of a < > uo was few indeed md
srmotimeF his Journeying took him so
far from the established homes > f hite
pt uple that he did not see a white wom
t n for ycer For nearly half a century
h < never lo se < T his eye at nIght cx
ifl > l after ta king precautions against
nttack or ini > rise Two pistols were ly
Ins side and his rifle was under his rrm
He probably had more battles with In
dians and mure escapes from death than
atiy frontiei muan the country ha
known aril his adventures would sup
pij a Feminori tooper with ample ma
t rial for a full Leather Stocking series
3t he WH as unlike the typical fron
tiersman as night is from the day
There was n suggestion of the bravo
about Kit Carson He was as mild nan
rired and a unassuming a a w man
nrirl his voice was soft and gentle Those
lio knew his fame and met him for
th first time wondered if this slender
quiet man could b the redoubtable In
dian fighter He spoke but little nvA
seemed most of the time to 0 in a re
llpctive mood but he never relaxed his
vigilance Although perhaps no ether
man ever killed so many Indians as did
i arson he had no love for slaughter
He simply did it in the course of hs
work and in what he considered to b
his duty He had no alse notions about
the Indians and although he made his
name a terror to them from Chihuahua
on the south to the Canadian line on
the north and from the Kaw on the
past to the Sacramento on the west he
had their respect to and later in his
life he became one of their best coun
selors and friends
I sfIors
f A Man Who Never Swore
One of the queer things about Carson
Is that although he lived throughout his
h whole life among men who were wild
of whom fugi
and untamed many 01 were
tUes from the states and to whom liberty
erty meant license he always remained
pureminded and modest Once when
be was less than 20 years old he drank
to excess and got Involved In a brawl
but he never drank liquor again and it
Is said that he never uttered a profane
word Ana although he was unlettered
lie was a deep student in his own prim
itive way He studied animals he stu
died nature and he studied men There
s WS hardly a stream in all the west
that he did not know in all its impor
tar t crooks and turns
There was hardly a pass In the
Rockies or the Sierra Xevadas that he
was not familiar with There was hard
ly a trail across the Saharan deserts l f
Now Mexico Arizona Nevada and Utah
that he did not know better than the
Indians themselves There was hardly
a member of the animal kingdom in
North America of which h did not
know the traits He had a marvelous
aptitude for comprehending nature in
its manifold forms As for the Indian
Carson knew him far better than the
Indian knew himself He spoke a doz n
or more Indian dialects In addition to
speaking Spanish and French and no
Indian could match him in discovering
signs of an enemys approach His restless
less eyes were ever watching the ground
for signs of Indian moccasin prints or
horses hoofs on the hills or forests for
same > movement that would indicate
danger Many times he surprised In
dians Never but once did Indians sur
prise him Like nearly all frontiersmen
hf was a marksman of the first grade
but his suprem qualification in the eves
of the men of the west wa Ills ability
to pope with any situation whether i
ias in piloting an army across the con
tinent convoying a merchant train
through 0 miles of Indian country
or Just crushing a border ilefoeraiio
Wanted Elbow Room
Carson was bon in what now is Mad
f = on county Kentucky December 24
sno Kit Is an abbreviation of Chris
tophPi His father and mother were of
no particular strength of character the
father being content tn make a hart liv
ing as a backswoods Tiarip < m iker anj
I the mother having T nlPH hrni tlvr
I innon daily rout f hnu h mid
nnk But tIt father loved solitude
and wTien Kit vas a year old the family
mrrd t > what now IK Hard i nut
ls8t l The el < Ttr t aru uTi t1
stay in Kentucky I was getting to
crowded for him A settler had come in I
and built a cabin a mile from the Car
son lo cabin There was another set
tler six miles away Carson wanted
elbow room and expected to have it beyond
yond the Mississippi
I was the intention to make a har
nessmaker out of Kit and when the
boy had grown up a bit he had to assist
the father Most of th work that came
to the shop was from men who had
traveled over the old Santa Fe trail
These men told wonderful stories of the
wild west A trip from St Louis to
Santa Fe in those days was one o great
peril Once or twice a year big wagon
trains guarded by nearly I hundred
armed men came through without mo
lestation but bands of Indians swept
down UPI the smaller caravans occa
sionally capturing torturing and mur
dering mn women and children and
making off with such rich plunder as
fell into their hands I was a rare
thing for a caravan to get through with
out some loss and the tactics employed
by the Indians kept the travelers in
ter day and night
While the boy sat working with his
father he listened to the stories of the
men with rapt attention and dreamed
of the day when he would b big enough
to go out and play a part in the great
drama of the west He had no desire
to g to a city I he had any desire
for education it is not known At any
rate he did not get any out of books
But he did study woodcraft and he
studied the heavens Before he was 1
years old he was an excellent hunter
When he was 16 he Joined a party of a
dozen traders who were bound for Santa
Fe and then his career in the west be
gan Another party which he had in
tended Joining had plenty of action b
fore the caravan was far on Its way
One day a band of several hundred In
dians came sweeping over the treeless
prairie and surrounded the party The
Indians had only bows and arrows and
spears but they were gallantly mount
ed The traders prepared for defense
by using their horses and mules as bar
ricades
For tthlrtysix hours the Indians kept
up some sort of an attack sending in
occasional showers of arrows and creep
ing through the grass a close up a
they could with safety to get at the im
prisoned men They had a wholesome
respect for the rifles of the traders and
did not care to risk a charge They
were content to wait Hunger thirst
and despair would bring victory And
then would come torture for the cap
tured and finally the scalping On the
second night of the attack the position
of the traders was desperate indeed l
the horses and mules had been killed
One of the traders had been killed and
another wounded But they held their
position that night and all the next
day At midnight of the third night
they sought to escape in the only way
possible That was by creeping over
t prairie and through the ranks of the
Indians Luck was with them and they
were not discovered but only ten re
mained of the party and one of the ten
was wounded
They were afobt and the Indians
might have captured them but the sav
ages after the long siege were content
with the plunder they obtained in the
traders stocks Over the pathless prai
rie the white men fled night and day
ever fearful of encountering Indians
The wounded man had to b abandoned
Then the remaining members disagreed
as to the route to traverse and they
split into two bands one of four men
and one of five The five fell into the
hands of band of Creeks Of the other
four only two survived Had Kit Car
son joined this unfortunate band of
traders instead of th one he did the
west probably never would have known
him but the caravan In which he trav
eled was not attacked
Kit Carson never failed to point out
to to Indian the Inequality of the
struggle and the hopelessness of
hopelenel 01 oppo
sition He made no apology for the
lawness deeds of th whites but he
made i plain to th redmen that by
seeking reprisals they only would make
their lot the harder I was a case of
the survival of the fittest From frt
to last arson was consistent Kaily
in his career In th west he made some
milan i friendships that
no friendhips nover were
broken At the same time he was ruth
less in his vengeance on all Indians who
Interfered with him
On Carsons first trip to Santa Fe he
met a mountaineer named Kin Cade
with whom he me < i for a year and who
taught him Spaniel and French Cade
u > 1 1 Tan if riu ation He took a
kp I int rtsi jn tu boy and had a good
influence over him for years
On of his experiences on this trip
lirn r gHcs a fair iliistratlon of
iimod i < mIlnp in tha daIs A
member of the party had been shot ec
cidentally and his arm shattered The
Hound became inflamed and to save the
mans life an operation was necessary
The only instruments available were a
razor a saw and a bar of iron The Ton
was put in a fire and while half I dozen
men held the wounded man the boy
Carson used the razor and then the raw
on the shattered arm and next cauter
ized th stump of the arm with the hot
iron And the wound was almost
healed by the time the caravan reacned
Santa Fe
SntFe
l has been the custom to picture the
men of the frontiers as heroes and the
Indians a bloodthirsty savages As a
matter of fact many of the frontiers
men of Carsons day were more of the
savage than the Indians They vere
rovers vagabonds and adventurers
mostly with here and there n < worthy
man TJMy had little respect for human
life ana some of them had been mur
derers back in the states Drink was
their bane and their carouse usually
brought about bloodshed For the In
dians they had no respect They made
no effort to treat the aborigines honest
ly as did the French voyageurs nnd
trappers Their creed was that the only
good Indian was a dead one and usual
ly they did their best to make the creed
good
gBut the Indians were many and the
whites were few in the transMississippi
country Each Indian tribe had its own
hunting ground beyond which it did not
venture without danger of Invoking the
wrath or the vengeance of another tribe
The Indians felt the land was theirs
for God had placed them there
The whites were invaders The In
dians were honest truthful and moral
before the whites arrived The whites
brought theft untruth whisky and im
morality And when savage white men
robbe or murdered Indians i was dif
ficult for the Indian to understand why
he should not seek vengeance on the
tribe of whites generally There were
s few good whites that it was difficult
for the Indians even i bent on search
to find them And then the Indian
asked himself what right had the white
man in the Indians land
The white man ha the right of
might He was few in numbers for in
the first half of the nineteenth century
there were on an average five or ten
times as many Indians west of the Mis
souri as there were whites but he had
a tremendous advantage in the rifle
The range of the arrow or the spear
was small The rifle sent death at long
range Even when the Indian managed
to get a rifle he was limited in Its use
He could not make ammunition
Trapper
In 1827 Carson went out a escort to a
party of traders who were going east
Santa Fe was the great depot of sup
plies In the southwest Traders brought
goods from the east and exchanged
them for beaver skins deer skins gold
copper silver and other products of the
far southwest Carson went only to the
forks of the Arkansas river and then
returned with another caravan to Santa
Fe He had decided what he was to do
He had determined to become a trap
per to fare forth after the beaver
whose skin at that time vas the only
currency In the far west
For fifteen years Carson hunted and
in that time he set his traps in nearly
every stream in the west He went into
the country of the Comanches the
Blackfeet the Navajos the Diggers the
Plutes the Apaches the Crows the
Arapahoes the Flatheads the Utahs
Arphoe te
the Cheyennes the Kiowas tho Sioux
the Pawnees the Snakes the Delawares
the Mojaves and other tribes and rare
was the month in which he or the party
of which he was a member did not have
battle with the Indians
It was one long succession of conflicts
The whites sought the game paradises
of the land and the Indians for their
own safety and protection endeavored
to keep them out The whites were In
ever present danger of ambush and of
night attack Craft had to be mea
ured against craft Tragedies were en
acted the only record of which is In
Gods book of remembrance
Occasionally bands of trappers would
unite t make war on one particular
tribe of Indians Usually Carson by
reason of his executive skill was chosen
to command One of these little wars
was on the Blackfeet I will serve as
an illustration
Battle With the Blackfeet
The Blackfeet had driven various
bands of trappers out of their territory
tory stolen their horses and killed some
of the men A company of 100 trap
pers with nearly 200 horses and mules
set nut to seek vengeance When near
the Blackfeet encampment Carson went
forr to reTnniitT There were
more that 1000 t arriors in the Black
foot force S soon as he got the posi
tion of the Indians Carson planned his
battle With fortyfive men he at
tacked the camp on one side while the
remaining force made a detqur to strike
the Indians in the rear
The Indians fought heroically At the
approach of Carsons force each Indian
sprang behind a tree and so soon as
a rifle was discharged the Indian would
shoot an arrow and dodge to get un
der cover of a tree near the white man
who was assailing him Nearer and
nearer the Indians got to Carson The
Indians great preponderance in num
bers was almost offset by the deadly
accuracy of the trappers fire For three
hours the battle continued The am
munition of the Carson force was al
most exhausted and th Indians ap
preciating the situation were preparing
to charge when suddenly the reserve
body arrived and opened fire on the
Indians from the rear
The Indians retreated and took up a
position on a hillside where great boul
ders offered fine protection The trap
pens eager for complete victory pressed
forward Not Infrequently a trapper
occupied one side of a big boulder and
an Indian the other each watching for
the life of his adversary One or the
other must die Gradually the rifle pre
vailed and at last the Indians panic
stricken sought safety in fIght
While the trappers loss was serious
it was small I comparison with that
of the Blackfeet And while the bat
tle raged the women and children of
the warriors watched the conflict from
an eminence After the battle the
trappers burned the wigwams of the
tribe and destroyed everything in the
camp
It is estimated that in the period
between 1830 and 1840 about 690 trap
pers were engaged in the far west Once
each year they held a great fair usual
ly in one of the magnificent natural
parks in the Rockies To these fairs all
the trappers flocked and to these ren
dezvous also came the men who bought
the beaver skins and the other treas
ures of the trappers At these fairs
mighty hunters held tournaments There
were tests of riding of wrestling of
shooting of running and of various
forms of skill worthy of the Olympian
contests of old These gatherings were
picturesque In the extreme and the
men who took part in the games prob
ably were a fine a body physically as
the North American continent has
Americn contnent con
tained
tainedDuel
Duel at a Wilderness Fair
At one of these fairs Carson fought a
duel with a renowned desperado named
Shunan a man of phenomenal strength
Shunan was French and had made a re
mark that Carson resented In accord
ance with the code of the fair they rode
coe roe
out over the plain and then approached
each other each watching for the first
move on the part of the other that
would b the signal for firing Neither
man made a motion until their horses
were almost abreast Then the French
man moved suddenly but before he
could shoot Carsons bullet had
shot Carns gone
through his wrist and up his arm The
strong man was a terror no longer He
was crippled for life
One year when the hunters gathered
for their fair they had nothing t make
merry over Silk had replaced heaver
skin in the making of hats and their
most remunerative crop brought lit
tle Carson who had been provident
took advantage of this condition to
make a trip east He had married an
Indian girl some years before and the
wife had died a few weeks after giving
birth to a daughter Carson wanted to
place his daughter in a good home and
h also wished to see the home of his
boyhood He started east in 1842 but
the home of his boyhood was in ruins
and all his family had died
After providing In St Louis for the
care and education of his child he
longed again for the wilderness He took
passage up the Missouri river on a
stembt the first vessel of that char
acter he ever had seen and on the boat
he met Lieutenant John C Fremont
who was on his way with an engineer
ing party to make surveys and map
the country between the Missouri and
the Rockies Fremont engaged Carson
a his guide Through the territory now
embraced by Kansas Nebraska and
Colorado Carson piloted the expedition
and when its work was supposed to be
done he left it and went to his home
at Taos N M where he married Sen
ora Josepha Jamirilla a Mexican wom
an of beauty and refinement
But Fremonts expedition to Colorado
was only a blind The authorities in
Washington anticipating trouble with
Mexico over the Texas situation want
ed to survey the lands Mexico controlled
on the Pacific shore for It was certain
that in event of war th United States
would seize California Fremont there
fore was ordered to proceed to the Pa
cific and Carson was again engaged
as his guide
From the Rockies In Colorado Carson
piloted the party over the route that
now is the line of the Union Pacific
railroad and one day they came into
sight of the Pacific ocean I was Fre
monts purpose t go to Morterrv for
Iples and to rrpperate but whim
near that city a message came from
General Castro Mexican commander of
California ordering Fremont and his
party to leave the cduntry Although
Fremont had only forty men he re
fused to obey He established his force
in a strong defensive position and pre
pared for battle General Castro came
up with several hundred troops and
camped close to Fremonts quarters The
two forces watched each other for three
days Then Fremont turned his at i
tention t the north He explored the I
Columbia river district and incidentally
had a battle with the Klamath Indians
It was soon after this battle that Fre
mont learned that war between the
United States and Mexico had begun
Immediately the exploring force wa
turned into a miniature army and it i
started back toward Monterey Before
It got to that city Commodore Stoat had
captured the Mexican fort so Fremont
and his party took ship to San Diego
and marched from there t attack L
Angeles From San Diego Fremont pent
Carson with dispatches to Washington
Pilot of an Army
To go from California to Washington
today is not much of a tak but then it
meant that nearly 3000 miles of the trip
was through desert mountains and
plain every tot of the way one of dan
ger from hostile Indians When Car
son reached New Mexico he met the
little army of General Kearny which
was inarching overland for the conquest
of California Kearny asked Carson to
guide the army over the Great Ameri
can desert Kearny relieved Carson
of responsibility for the safe delivery of
Fremonts dispatches But before Ca
son would pilot the army the army had
to fight a few battles for the control of
Mexico Then the march across the
desert began The force was too for
midable for the Indians to give it much
trouble but to provision it and to save
it from suffering required all Carsons
great knowledge and skill
When Kearny arrived in California
in December of 1S46 all the advantage
the Americans had the
merica gained previous
summer had been lost through neglect
to garrison the places captured Los
Angeles and all of Lower California had
been recaptured by the Mexicans
Kearny had no knowledge of this con
dition of affairs when his little army
worn out by its long march across th
desert arrived within fifteen miles of
San Diego This town was the only one
of the southern posts held by the Amer
icans
Suddenly Kearny found himself con
fronted by a far superior force of Mex
icans and soon he was surrounded and
retreat cut off Kearny intrenched him
self and repulsed several assaults made
by the combined force of Mexicans and
Apaches but the position was of such
extreme peril that he would have to sur
render unless reinforced To get aid
he ordered Carson and Lieutenant Beale
to go to San Diego Never did two men
have a more hazardous mission They
had to make their way through three
lines of guards Barefoot and on their
hands and knees they crawled inch by
inch for several hours Once they were
within a few feet of a sentry and the
sentry struck a match to light his ciga
rette But they got through Then
they had to race many miles over Jagged
rocks and through cactus beds for hour
after hour They reached San Diego
at daylight and Commodore Stockton
sent out a relief force which arrived
just in time to save the army of Kear
ny from annihilation Both of Carsons
feet and legs were so terribly torn and
lacerated by the rocks and cactus that
for a time I was thought they would
have to b amputated Lieutenant
Beale did not recover for nearly two
years and for several days after his
arrival in San Diego he was deranged
Lieutenant in the Army
In March Carson was sent east with
dispatches telling o the conquest of Cal
ifornia Marked honors were shown to
him at various places At Washington
he was presented to the president and a
few days later he was nominated for ap
pointment a lieutenant in the army
Back to California he w sent again
with dispatches and he
wih disptche as soon as hI
reached there h was put in charge of a
company of dragoons
With the close of th war he expect
ed t enjoy some of the pleasures of
life With a man named Maxwell he
purchased a great ranch near Taos and
there Indians came t smoke the pipe
of peace and enjoy his hospitality But
before long he was called to the war
path again The Apaches were on a
marauding and murdering expedition
When they were subdued ha went to
Taos once more
In the summer of 1850 he set out with
Maxwell and a large train of wagons for
St Louis After selling his stuff he
bought a stock of goods and started on
the long return trip to Mexico Just
before reaching the forks of the Arkan I
sas river a band of Cheyennes came I
down the party The Indians
upon p pro
fessed friendliness They did not recog I
nize Carson who shaven and shorn had
discarded the garb of the t
disfarde grb plains and
vas drsse < In storr < r fhf Wlv
I stated about the vag n tram the i b > j
ennes in their own dialect discussed a
plan for massacring the whole party
Quietly Carson advised his companions
of the situation Then addressing the
Indians in their own language he told
them that the first one who made an
offensive move would die
The Indians were thunderstruck to
hear a paleface In store clothes talk to
them In Cheyenne and besought Carson
to tell them who he was When he
mentioned his name they expressed the
deepest contrition
In 1862 Carson held a big hunt All
the famoUs hunters of the west the
men with whom he had traversed the
wilds before joined him In
wids years joine a
great game expedition through the
Rockies Never before nor since were
s many great hunters in one party
After roaming nearly 1000 miles the
party had a big feast near what now Is
Buena Vista Coo
The following year Carson visited California
ifornia and the whole state united in
doing him honor Then the national
government appointed him special In
dian agent and he traversed the west
travers wet
settling disputes and making treaties
with Indian tribes When Indians got
bad he took the warpath and served as
before as leader or as scout He b
plenty of action
Soon after the Civil war began the
Confederate general Sibley made a raid
into New Mexico There was only a
small force of Union troops In the ter
ritory and the Indians took advantage
of the situation to settle old scores with
the whites The Mescalero Apaches the
Gun Apaches and the Navajos In turn
made war Carson commissioned as a
colonel overpowered both th Mesca
leros and th Gllas and then dealt a
crushing blow to the Navajos by cap
turing their famous stronghold in the
Canyon de Chelly Later in the war
with the Kiowas he again distinguished
himself and was made brigadier general
by brevet After the Civil war closed
he again was appointed special Indian
commissioner this time with jurisdic
tion over the Kiowas Cheyennes and
Arapahoes
In 1868 he was called to Washington
to give evidence and advice in a die
pute between the government and tm
Apaches He w accompanied on hi j
trip b various Indian chiefs and HH
vied with each other in inviting the >
scout and the chiefs to see the sights
On his way back west Carson went
to Fort Lyons Colo to see his son ant
there while mounting his horse he biir1
a blood vessel In his neck and died in
stantly
A simple headstone in the graveyard
at Taos N M marks Carsons last Ting < t
ing place A marble shaft severe vt
its plainness stands in a public squiira
at Santa Fe These a all the nmn i
meats that exist in his memory
S far as known but one of Car
sons old companions is still living
Charles Simpson of Taos Simpson a <
Carsons secretary while Carson WH 1
Indian commissioner and was with bn
when he died
This year at various places througV g
out the west it is l planned to have PT
ices in honor o Carson for the v I ar
1909 is the centenary of Americas great
est scout and Indian fighter
Copyright 1909 by Richard Splllan i
WB WILT QUICKLY FINANCE
any mining or industrial propo it a
whether Incorporated or uniiror
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dispose of your stocks and bonds 1
large amount Give full details and
particulars
I > O BOX 2087 XHSAV YORK
CAPITAL aUICKIYV SECHIED
For mining propositions either innT
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tlon or prospective Developed mis 1 <
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McClellans Symphony Orchestra
Concert at Saltalr tohiorrow 430 f
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GET THE HABIT LAll GET TiE POP
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BANKRUPT I SALEI
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Which must be sold out before the end of this month is still on
i Evsry article sold at
A Saving to You
Of 50 o or More
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only on a sale of this kind
n
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