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The Salt Lake herald-Republican. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1909-1918, December 31, 1909, Image 6

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T
J 6 THE HERALDREPUBLICAN SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY DECEMBER 31 1909
I 1
PAPd YOU I t I JBocJT lMI ON AT T rMJORR tR TWO C fofST ORR7HIM I I M QTTIPiTlUOI MY ITS L
ii 1ii7 It
LEFT THE S OftgOftg SHOT THAT DWR I1AkIt MAMA tJfil I fALD HE Y UH f Qlrl HAND YoO S = T C OH tIo UR
I I II II l 3 ooRopeM I iL Thrr j Ln Me I < J r i O11 Q J QNE j II I II Do UT r fl I
un fN8N MIND u 1 f 1 u OH kAMA J I l 1 I I II I Il t J If I
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Aus TH RS ALWAYS MIqp
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iVAAt 1IH Hay SHOT THAT o > eliniAT V03HOHIS JEEHERE xtt T biD To 1L EIOOY lrk A iAN SJOT
SHUT r SHUT rZci NO MORE J rANVxjoremy ito te or uQIe
COAT WT
I jrv ooRjl TO THE UNAPPWeiATlVC
TOR ME
MIU JOOR M eOAT ii H8N voJ VOlR ovee
11P i3ESrps Yo oMf11MU aT ZMM8UO Y8
1 r t ii Ilfnil V I s erC = l nHI 1 HA O NcANDsHUT
< D Wlr fior
1 GONADo IT NY
0 J
01 I c > jW Y K RV
r II FROM COWHIDE BOOTl
I I y TO HIGtt < ART OF
h < O VO 1 TO > > e A G Nb
j J f OPIM AUTHORITY I
f >
I 1 I
4 r a WIII < S By
Ir cr r r t O rl Ut 088A
In eVeRY PtsUDUSCt ao I SOMSTIMES is HE l AiS STHT WHO WeLt TS A TNANKLfS 10 UTrOL < S SHPT TtigBooffi rwl elYE THE WO M U S WAIT7OR IT1
VER SEEN THE MAN IN THE STREET CAR WHO VOLUNTEERS AS DOORCLOSER GOT A THANKLESS JOB HASNT HE
I
lAND BOARD HAS
DONE GREAT WORK
Big State Projects Progress
Rapidly During the Year
That Closes Today
HATCHTOWN DAM FINISHED
PIUTE RESERVOIR SITE STARTED
AND WORK DONE CHEAPLY
The state board of land commission
ers together with the state engineer
are just winding up one of the most
Buc > ssfuJ years in the matter of pr
ain for a population of lands that
have bEn dt sert The land board I
whose f urn tioiis are being increased
set rapidly tat the work is engaging
the atteritjii of a widening corps of
workers La I two state projects under
dliect SIIPITisinTi while the state en
gineer iNn doing mOl work than
ever is < rintending the actual con
struction i the s > e two projects
Sehincl tH irngatiou of lands and
their Ollddn4 for settlement and cul
tivation > tt stry of Hlat > building
vhtch exit niU really furl lit r than the
state ofri i tls themselves t and origl
Tirttes in II In demands or the public for
r ore rcom while I7n < le Sun the 1
watchful overseer of his domain col
laborates with individual Mates to cre
ap more fertility in te poll and re
iliirn atfas that have long been re
gar led liS utter waste
The funetins of the state land board
civ so wit In their sere that every I
fnic of puMtc land In the state comes j
imdpr its iii IIPet supervision making
Vat insti ution the bIggest landlord
And the m > st considerate in tlie mat
tn of rci tils aid term The restric
tions plui i upon prospective settlers
are far i s t < ouraglng than those
FtePd b v Individual I owners who rent
or lease l ir lands and it is for that
reason < thr the state finds little trou
ble in tli > using of its vast acreage
At that 11 i st < ie gets a fair profit
from its i WIi investment antI the in
dll H t menf ifprtd settle redound to
t < henefi nf I lth parties concerned
flit n < < until 1909 the thirteenth
Ttir of t IN iinod has the state land
liMrd hail under its own supervision
tP actu 11 1 construction of a project
t1 at will MS lit in the irrigation of
t nf acres of heretofore arid
witse
in the first place the enabling act
f ip rtah i > uued a provision whereby
tv governmnt Fet aside 504000 aero
cf land in f is i state for a reservoir
1 incl frranr und The proceeds of the
E e of tH is nd l according to the pro
kin Wj is 1 i le used by the state In
c nstructnij ipsprvolra for storing wa
tt i to b < nst 1 on land selected by the
stII an 1 liter to be sold tn settlers
lt so mli1 lkr acre with the actual
c s1 of lirCation added to the coat of
t land
Tn 190 there was a tremendous
sinoiint f money in the fund re
Ced flld thft sales of land by the
E ite ant 1 it wall under the admlnia
taiion of < jirnor Cutler that he and
Lp state I Kin I I board decided to lend
tli = > mon v it 5 per cent interest and
1111 rest uiis and irrigate land The
t iuy WIS that the investment would
1t only UK IPKP HIP taxable property
t F tie stir but it would bring inter
e un tl P in nies invested
With tUs i idea in view the members
c r the land uard scoured the state for
r rolr sites and after looking over
t number ot ti em decided that the site
r IiaU > tovn > seventyfive miles
Olth of Mir sale in Garfield county
hl near th headwaters of the Sevier
i nrr was lit I most available at that
tlIIP At tuot place a dam had been
Tartly I buii t but I it was washed out
jsi i i n men as jsvipieme Judge W M
MCarty Intiut Judge J F Chides
tfr eat Yarren Sevy Thomas Sevy
ui I others uiged the state to build a
T srrvolr tLun and guaranteed its suc
lhP I land which would be benefited
< the building of a reservoir at Hatch
twn Is about twentyfive miles down
I > river a tract of SSOO acres al
Jugh i tp construction of a reservoir
riit the Headwater would permit the
I upR So
TruekeeCa
tte Nevada
jitance i to relrOsd I miles
II
I
N
IateljaL
I
J ljth rii u
L Jose rjock Ii si
iIid I rock 1 11 1
HrJpan M Ii
OJcrete 1LH 551 1
Masonry i
llprap 11
In this ease contractor furnishei
wuier ust1 at the dam for irrigation
I to < ep buik auto the river and be use
tl for punts lower down The state
stlPoted this tract hower and ad
I vi used t i bids for the construction
o11 the ri ffvoir
in Jul 1 1907 a contract walt en
tcid int with David B Brinton a
who had
i ntractoi i > f prominence
bUilt othr i irrigation dams and who
> id gradi1 ilie right of way through
spanish I t > ik canyon for a branch line
t the D IIMT Rio Grande
This coitiait called for an expendl
tLtt of t > > 11110 < but the estimates of
t P state figtneer did not include the
ont uctifti of a diversion dam and
a great mount of fluming There
tvio other extras including as nearly
nil big projects do additional exca
ling and extra work of various
luiius Of course this extra work was
i be do 01y at the contract price
Ti rr squat foot or cubic yard
riiinton had considerable trouble
with the ontract He couldnt get
the and
rio to work on project
finally he admitted that he had taken
tuc contract for less thaa he could
afford to fulfill it He admitted be
ll I1 made a mistake in figuring the
cst of laying stone work As a mat
ter of fact his figures were exactly
llkr those of the state engineer in es
timanng the cost of the work It was
found by him that It cost him more
for cement in the sack than he could
afford to put it into the work
At the climax of all these troubles
at the dam Rrintrm was confronted
with tne Inability to extend his credit i
his check < < me nark from the bank
and he was finally compelled to give
up the work It was however near
completion when as the law provides
the project wan taken over by the
state Joseph Jensen of Logan was
put in charge and carried on the work
with the result that it ii now practi
cally finished That was Tast spring
and during tke fall of th1t year the
work was nearly done
On account of the difficulties en
countered by Brinton in the building
of the outlet tunnel the diversion dam
and a large amount of fluming tho
original estimate of 65000 was ex
ceeded as had been expected but the
unit price had been maintained ac
cording to the contract
Following the practical completion
of the project the state offered the
lands for sale to the highest bidder
with the cost of water right not to
exceed 30 per acre There were how
ever not enough offers to Justify the
state land board In selling the land
and in taking the responsibility of fur
nishing It with water for a year so no
sales were made
Te state land board as well as all
others familiar with the project and
with the location of the land are of
the opinion that the land will be sold
at a profit assuring an investment by
the tate in which dollar may be re
turned for dollar at interest The
lard alrealy has several propositions
to lease the water at a price that will
pay interest on the outlay and two
or three offer to buv the water out
right have come from persons Inter
e < tp < i in land farther clown the river
Tnder state direction after Brinton
had relinquished his contract the work
was condvcted economically and With
a few to getting belt results
Some months ao Brinton filed suit
agaInst the state land board for 20000
additional payment on his contract for
extra work performed In this suit
he admits that the cost of the work
was a great deal more than he had
contracted to do it and he wants an
increased price in unit payments For
Instance he contracted to do masonry
work for 12 cents a foot and later ad
mitted he meant to bid 40 cents a foot
for it
The actual hid of Contractor Brinton
If i Identical with the estimate of the
ta te engineer and the figures are
shown in the following table
PROPOSALI
Item
No
1 Excavation for tunnel foundation I I
2 Excavation for puddle core 6146 ci
I Excavation for apllJway 11141 ou
a Earth fill for dam 117600 cu y 4 <
PROPOSALS FOR REGULATING TUi
Item
No C
1 Concrete for gate chamber and spill
at boo per cu ft
2 atone masonry for outlet tunnel ant
per cu ft
2 Lining tunnel and tower with cem
1050 sq yds at 40c per sq > yc
4 Steel for reinforcing gate chamber
8006 lbs at 9c per Ib
5 Riprap for covering upstream slot
at 2 per cu yd
6 Two cast iron gates and seats IOOE
7 Steel for lifting mechanism 2600 It
8 Spillway regulating gates consist
flash boards 6660 ft B M til
thousand feet used In them
Gates to be founded on gravel wltt
concrete abutments regulatlni
PROPOSALS
Item
No C
1 Excavation and fill for canal < 6000
2 Headgate flushgates and weir tor
tures complete lump sum
3 Timber for flume for canal 66666
feet in structure per ft B t
In payment for all extra work OR
the project the state insisted upon the
carrying out of the contract price per
unit No payment was made by the
state to Brinton that exceeded the fig
ures of the contract as a basis for re
muneration
The state land board prided Itself
upon the low figure at which the con
tract was let and a comparison of
the Hatchtown figures with those in
contracts let by the United States rec
lamation service show a wide differ
ence in favor of the Utah contracts
The following table shows the name
of projects under the reclamation serv
ice and the Hatchtown and Piute proj
ects in this state The prices are for
materials per cubic yard
U S It U S It S
e Uncompahgre KlantMh
Colorado CaLOre8OD
I miles oil miTes
lit lit
s It M =
r r
fl Tn sii V
51 30 11
I N 7i M 111
Is 11 II 27 11i
is 1i 11M I
4
0
I cement In all others cement was f u
DAMS
Cu yd
Belle Fourche S D 28
Laguna Cat 11
Mlnidoka Ida 80
Hatchtown Utah 31
The amounts paid to Brinton by the
state show a great deal more work
done by him than the original plans
called for This fa readily accounted
for by the fact that flumtng the out
let tunnel and the diversion dam were
not included in the original estimate
of the state engineer The amounts
paid to Brinton were as follows
Dec 81 1 OS Estimate No i
To reservoir dam and auxiliaries as
per details shown in the following esti
mate No IS
133000 cubic yard fill in dam
at sic Misaeoe
17450 cubic yards excava
tion for spill and rollerway
at SOc 2490M
9000 cubic yard excavation
for core at 35c S1SOM
770 cubic yards excavation for
tunnel at 40c 808M
4150 cubic yards riprap at
J2 93006
10500 cubic feet concrete In
tunnel gate chamber wing
walls and spillway cutoff
walls at 50c 526000
199S cubic feet concrete for
grouting rollerway at 50c 99900
37523 cubic feel stone mas
onry in tunnel and tower at I I
12c 450276
800 cuJiii feet stone masonry
in tow t r house at Ur 9600
36 cubic feet concrete in
1
tower house at 12c 1800
1292 square yards plastering
in tunnel and tower at 40c S1680 I i
4500 pounds castiron gates I
and seats at 8c 36000 I
I
3800 pounds steel lifting I
mechanism at lOc 38600 I
6500 pounds reinforcing iron i
for gate < haiiiber at 9c 58500 i
5274 feet lumber for spillway
regulator at 3000 15822
Total 7034378
1852 feet lumber for flash I
board box gangway to
tower house floor roof and
door to tower house at 230 4958
2000 shingles for tower
house roof at 450 900
Extras 1 to 8 inclusive 70783 II
Extras W 11 and 12 extra
No 9 is included in extra
No 13 below 8S26
Total for reservoir dam and
auxiliaries 7111838
Canal and auxiliaries
4806 feet stone masonry ror
piers abutments and wing
walls for flume at But
ler Wash at 12c 67673
1c 167
7300 cubic feet stone masonry
for culverts at 12c 876M
450 cubic feet stone masonry
for abutments and wing
walls for flume splllgate at
Station 976 at 12c c 54M
S2S cubic feet concrete for
culverts at SOc 26499
1050 pounds reinforcing iron
for culvert at 9c 9459
48000 feet lumber to flume
at Butler Wash at 30 144000
Amount forwarded 7443345
Amount brought for
ward S7442846
1530 feet lumber for flume I
and spillgate at Station No
976 at ISO 4590
147700 cubic yards excavation
for canal Including excava
tion for flume foundations
culverts and turnouts at
turnout
llie 1698656
Extra dam No 1 diversion
102474 feet lumber at 1 163711
5 FOR DAM
Quantity and price Amount
140 cu yda at dOe per c yd 26868
i yds at S6c per CU yd 178900
fda at SOc per cu yd 4S2S89
I at 21c pr cu yd 3627000
NEL TOWER AND SPILLWAY
Quantity and price Amount
ray cutoff waD 4MO c tt S 245006
I tower 24100 cu ft at ISo
2S9209
mt mortar two inches thick
I 42069
and spillway cutoff wall
72660
KB of the dm 2686 eu yds
717096
i Iba at 8c per lb 48669
s > at lIe per Ib 26600
ig of timber treat and
nber at the rate of SSf p
i sheet piling diaphragm and
dlpr
r gate complete
FOR CANAL
Quantity ad price Amount
cu yds at flic per c ydS 69MM
canal pre for those struc fSHM
ft B M at lt per thousand
1M666
Bolts and wire rope as per
pr
details in estimate No 1 37866
Mechanics and laborers
wages as per details in es
timate No 1 21868
Plus 15 per cent on extra No
1 212714 1147
Extra No 1 Hardpan
Laborer4 days at 126
531 days at 3 49J days at
260 429J days at 1
Teams 334 days at 1 367812
Blasting material as per de
tails in estimate No 1 7942
Plus 16 per cent on estimai
No 1 275754 41342
A A
eIe H uru LL8 janti isoare
lGN
Hatchtown Utah Pate
Ut
11 aWes Stte Land Board
n a 4
a 0
1 =
I S
I
n 1 11 j 5H
il
Ct and 1 pet n 17
Ct and Ii pet 11 n
et and 1 pt 14
135 411 7n
Ui S18
Je 10
rntehed by parties letting contract
Extra No 16 Slulee
1
box
8246 feet lumber at 18
7406 feet at 21 2666 feet
at 16 4660 running tM
splines at le SS212
Bolts and spikes as per de
tail in estimate pr 1 18686
Amount forwarded 0764616
Amount brought forward
ward 1 U U
Excavation lift days
teams at 425 It days
laborer at 225 66212
Putting In box 26i days
carpenter at 466 19J
days at 350 I days a 8
261 days laborers at 226 26968
Backfilling days teams
at 425 10 day laborers
at 226 188N
Plus 15 per cent on extra
No 15 153212 22022
Extra No 16 bridge over
county road as per details
In estimate No 1 1S773
Extra No 1 Dyke at end of
crib dam184 days teams
at 425 7 days laborers
at 225 798S7
5400 feet sheet piling bal I
ance of sheet piling report I
ed in estimate t o I a 1
used in sluice box at 818 9720 I
Plu IS per cent on extra No I
17 < t o i7 I H 4 40
Extra 0 I1 Head gate all
woir fiTia J f 111 lumber J at I
ir 5823 feet at 18 205 60
51 days teams at 145
6 days carpenter at 450
61 days carpenter at
350 7 days at 3 lOt
days laborer at 225 11612
Bolts and s ifcs 16001
Plus lj per cent on extra No I
IS 337 72 50 66
Amount forwarded 10044073
Amount brought for
ward 10044075
Extra No 19 Incidentals
a per details In estimate
No 13 13785
Extra Xcr 2u stone culvert
under Lang canal as per de
tails in estimate No 14 42575
Extra No Jl Fish ladder
1680 feet lumber at 18
16SO feet at 22 6720
1000 running feet splines at
le 1000
Plus 15 per cent on extra No
21 7720t 1158
Extra No 22 Turning flood
waters from one wash Into
another to avoid building
an extra culvert 6i days
teams at 425 2656
Plus 22 I per cent on extra a S98
161123 67
L ss 16 per csnt Sion31
Lee previous payment 8924272
Balance du 176859
At the time the state land board
settled upon the Hatchtown project
the Piute project now being built by
the state was in private hands Later
these private parties relinquished their
right to the site and asked the state
to take up the work The state in
vestigated the matter made estimates
of cost and finally purchased the
site for 35000 including primary
water rights The Piute site is in
Plute count ten miles south o
Marysvale on the Sevier river The
state then selected 10000 acres In San
pete and Sevier counties which would
be directly liiufud 1 by 1 the irrigating
dm In uluition to tli in OoO acres
In private i iip wt < mld > take watr
from the nw PiuiCt ic toid ug to tnt
promise of their ownti i >
Going ahead with tin Piute piouit
the state let tie onuact for the pad
dIecore to tht rterii rontrm tiun
company for iUrto The dam ha
not yet been contracted fur < ii > hi >
havent been advertised The m u
reservoir will hold 65000 are feet ot
water to Irrigate 20000 acres of lard I I
Each acre should be worth 50 I will
completed mean home for 200 families when
copleted
The state also has built forty miles
of canal and enlarged twenty miles of
old canal through which to carry
water from the dam at a cost of
227000
When the state started to utilise the
money in the land grant fund there
w about 750000 Of this amount
368000 has been spent on state
projects and the rest has been loaned
out with goO security Every cent
of the states investments In these
projects as well as in loans Is amply
secured interest and will bring in 5 per cent I
TREASURY GASH COUNTED
Including Securities Uncle Sam Has
12580017563723 in the
Government Vault
Washington D 30To count coins
sod securities in the United States
lurites te Unt State treas
ury it has taken a committee of four
supervising from thirty to forty counting
experts almost two months Upon the retirement
tirement of Charles H Treat as treas
urer it became necessary to count cn
tents of the vaults for the
tnt vult t Incoming treas
urer L McClung j
Next Monday Mr McClung will give M I
Treat a receipt for H26 e < cve th
exact contents of the treasury Not a
cent was found to b mining from Un
c Sams pocketbook
I was th quickest count ever made
by the treasury The count included 156
621317 silver dollar pieces < 15 1
DECISION REVERSED
Gen Booth May Succeed In Ousting
American Salvation Army
New York Dec 30Qeneral William
York Dc 3enral
Wiiam
Booth founder of the Salvation Army
w granted a new opportunity today in
his effort to oust the American Salva
Amerca
tion Army Slva
The original suit brought b U07 went
against General Booth who had asked
for a permanent injunction forbidding
the American army to use the manual
and ritual of the Salvation Army and di
recting members of the American Army
to surrender their uniform
sureder unltor and title
and retire to private life
The supreme court dismissed the
suprme lMd peti
pt
tion The appellate division now reverse
the supreme court
The American Salvation Army was In
corporated in Pennsylvania by James W
Duffin as commander r in 1898
FIVEYEAR SENTENCE
FOR CAPTAIN GRAHAM
Los Angeles Cal Dec 30 Captain
Angus A Graham a mining man charged
with having embessled 250 from a part
ner In a mining deal was convicted today
and given a probationary sentence of five
years Captain Graham said on th wit
ness stand that he had no knowledge of
the crime having been plied with liquor
and drugs immediately before its com
mission He was for several years cap
tain of the famous Ic breaking tug O
B Green on Lake Michigan and later en
gaged in the mining business In Alaska
and California
CHERRY RELIEF FUND
Chicago Dec 30The relief fund for
te victims of the Cherry disaster aggre
gates 506000 Out of this 18 widows and
pts 0
463 children are to b cared for
Burma Is the Heaven of Oriental Women 1 Ii
All of us who were singing On the
Al singns
Road to Mandalay 1 few yfM i aso and
there were mighty fiw of us who kt it
alone vocall > will b a bit surprised to I
b informed that Rangoon where the
dawn Nt up like thunder and other
mtfreining tilings lapptn looks to thu I
appruaciiiiK tJiui1 like an uptodate
Americ an business center
In fact acc rding to a writer in the
Southern Workman the capital of Burma
has many American towns beat a mile in
the civic improvement line Its electric
lighted highways all broad neatly paved
and well drained Its brilliant illuminated
wel
dae wih rows ot giateful will
trimmed trees bordering both side > ilo
blocks of buildings all laid out alter a I
carefully considered plan showing littie
of architectural beauty but must of aus
I
tere regularity astonish the stranger
reglariy take into consideration the
fact that Rangoon has a system of parks
and parkways with beautiful shade trees
choice flowers and crystal lakes arufl
nai and natural dotttd about them and
that It pro ides breathing spaces for pto
pie living in congested districts you can
not but form a good idea of the aliveness
of the municipal corporation A good
corpraton
horse carriage service now being rapidly
superseded by the trolley makes trans
portation easy and cheap The city has
provided splendid schools and play
ground Yet 0 years ago Rangoon was
a mere fishing village
One item from Mr Kipling Picture of
Rangoon referred to the elephants haul
ing teakwood in the slushy smudgy
crek Well they are still at I working
with wonderful precision and an apparent
sense of responsibility They dont try
to soldier never get in one anothers way
or mixed up with the machinery no mat
ter how cramped they may be for room
Some of them take the teak logs which
have been floated down the river and
tow them ashore Then they drag them to
the sawmills either rolling them with one
foot while they walk on thre pushing
them with their tusks or pulling them
with a chain attached to a breast plate
Inside the mill an elephant selects a
log picks it out with his tusks kicks it
up to the saw with his toes then tying
his trunk into a kind of knot around the
ng holds i against the teeth of the saw
whip it Is made into boards pushing
IMI to the outside slabs as they are cut
< > f and t adjusting the log to make boards
< > f tlui proper thickness
Thn he piles the boards up neatly
standing off to examine the effect and If
he f nds a board out of line carefully ad
jiistmg it Sometimes a pair of elephants
working together exchange peculiar
urums as If they were giving and receiv
ing directions
directons
Tir are used in Burma to various pur
r > SkS The young calves are ridden like
hui5 with a soft pad and stirrups
They are found ely valuable in b
country and may b ridden 5 or e miles
a day A tap on the side of the head a
slight pressure of the knee or a word
whipere into the ear Is all that is re
quired to guide them
I is not at all a difficult matter for an
elephant In prime condition to outrun a
fast horse but they cannot jump A deep
ditch only six or seven feet wide is im
passable t them
Working elephants a In their prime
when they are Z years old They are ex
pensive to feed it being declared in Ran
goon that an elephant eats a quarter of
his weight In feed every day An average
days food for one is certainly 800 pounds
Socially Burma is unlike other oriental
Countries Men and women even young
men and womenwalk together in the
streets and mingle in social gatherings
Courtship always precedes the marriage
The Burmans are ardent lovers and
when a young man and woman find that
then parents do not approve of the
match they usually repair to the woods
and return after a day or two as man
and wife sure of parental forgiveness
Marriage among Burmans i an extremely
simple affair T only ceremony per
formed is the eating together out of the
same bowl of rtce Usually a feast is
given to the relatives and Mends of the
famie concerned No sacrifices are of
fered no services are performed
A woman is as much privileged to seek
and obtain a divorce as is a man All
that to required is to lodge a complaint of
marital infelicity with th village elders
They make inquiries and seek to recon
cile th couple In most cases the family
feud is ended by their Intervention but
if reconciliation Is out of the question the
marriage is annulled and a divorce Is
granted
The Burman wears a smile on his coun
tenance laughs and looks upon life
through rosecolored spectacles Both the
women and the men wear richhued silk I
en clothe But while there is gaiety there
i no indecorum or impropriety
For women Burma is a little heaven on
earth if we are to believe enthusiastic
wrtn Mrs Burman Is ubiquitous Jew
elry stores containing untold wealth in
pearls rubies and other gems are hi
charge of women Markets and fruit
stalls are run by women
At the railroad station a woman Mils
you the tickets and another one I
ready to take dictation and to do your
typewriting Not long ago a woman
stock broker died leaving a fortune
which she had made herself But the
Burmese woman does not let business
interfere with motherhood She runs
the shop with one hand and the chil
dren with the other
When she marries the woman retains
her own name and any property sne
may have inherited or acquired When
divorced she is expected to support
her children but this is no hardship
for her since she cared for them when
she lived with her husband The Bur
mese child rarely sees the father but
is brought up to look to Its mother for
guidance and support
The Burmese woman takes a great
Interest In public affairs and the por
tals of the University of Rangoon have
been open to her for a number of
years Her intelligence her beauty
her freedom from racial caste preju
dice all make her an acceptable bride
In the eyes of foreigners who go to
Burma
Marriage with a foreigner means as
a rule that she can live in plenty and
ecmfort without working Naturally
she looks upon such a marriage with
Favor The Burmans are of Mongolian
origin and consequently the Chinese
and Burmese marriage produces a
virile race With this exception the
Intermixture of races in Burma has not
proved desirable
This is especially so in case of mar
riages between Europeans and Bur
mans The offspring of such marriages
are termed Eurasians who unfortu
nately seem to be looked down upon
I
both by fullblooded UIOIKXIUH and I
I Burn
Almost as difficult a problem as that
I of the Eurasian is the tobacco problem
of Burma Men women and children
I smoke The cheroot at which they al
most Incessantly puff is eighteen j
Inches long ami about a ciuaitei < > i tn
inch in diameter I is wlaJpd l in t
banana leaf and its jnoutlipie ton
ists of bamboo The Burman tol > uto
is so strong that only onefouith ot
the filling of the cheroot consists of
tobacco The balance is a mixture of
Innocuous herbs
I possible the Burman exceeds other
Asiatics in hospitality He is par ex i
cellence the host of Asia Any stranger
may stroll into a Burman dwelling
and demand hospitality for at leats i
three days No remuneration is EX i
pected Opposite a Burmese house one
usually finds earthen pots of water
I usual tnds I
placed for the use of the traveler un i
der a roof especially sheltered to she I
ter the water from the hot raye cf
the tropical sun These pot are tight
with earthen lids which
Iv covered wih lds hlh I
protect the water from dirt and dust
The social life of the Burmans is in I
teresting in the extreme Theyn
dulge in boxing matches pony bullock I
cock fighting splitting
and boat races splttng
cocoanuts snake charming and jug
gling Chess and dominoes are the fa
vorite games The plot of the play is 1
usually somewhat monotonous for al i
most invariably the hero is a prince I
of the blood royal the heroine is a
princess and the rustics from the villages I
lages figure arf clowns and jesters I
The dancing though different from
what It is In the Occident is not with
out interest to a westerner The mo i
tions of the dancers are graceful and
lons
spry Burman amusements last days I
and night The best known secular
festival is the
tetval pwe
The entertainment is melodramatic
Comedy and tragedy are introduced
music and dancing are included The
plot or play is flimsy The perform
ance includes tricks of clown wno ate
masters of their art and intensely
amusing The musical instruments in
the orchestda consist of a circle of
drums gongs trumpets and wooden
clappers and the music outWagner
Wagner in its deafening noise
Many religious festivals are cele
brated Probably the occasion when
presents are distributed to the priests
Is the most Interesting The people
bring their presents and pile them up
outside an alley made of bamboo lattice
work One bring candles another
matches another braes vessels etc as
though some previous arrangement had
been made as to just what each one
shall give
For < the mot part the donor are
women and all of them are dressed in
al
their best The monks attended by
e boy carrying a large basket pas
down the bamboo alley in single file
and each basket is filled with pres
ents A trio of masqueraders with
faces blackened dancing to comic mu
sic follows the procession Anything
that hal not been distributed to the
priests is gathered up by them
TRYING fOR THE RECORDS
French Aeroplanicts Making Strenu
ous Endeavor to Set New Marks
for 1909
Paris D JO Crack French aero
efforts to
pianists are making desperate efor
lower the 1909 records to distance and
height before Saturday Latham and
Farman a at Mounnelon le Grand the
former trying out a new motor and th
latter practicing with a passenger with
lattr praetc1n p8nr
a view t making an attempt for the ten
kilometer crosscountry with
kiometr cro ountr passenger
prim tomorrow
Latham and L Gagneux will make a
lt try to beat Farmans record for the
Michelin cup which stands at 231 kilo
meters 144 miles in 4 hours 1 minutes
and I seconds
Farman however I In readiness to d
fend his title
tte
Count Jacques de Lesseps son of the
late Viscount d Leqseps made his sec
ond unsuccessful attempt today to w
th 100kilometer crosscountry prim He
meters broke down after covering fifteen ko
At Juvlnsy D la Grange made a
flight of twenty kilometers in S hours 3
minutes
Henry Farman the English aeronaut
won th Michelin cup at Mourmelon on
NOV6br 3 beating all aeroplane rec
ords for duration and distance and estab
lishing a record of 14 miles Hubert
Latham French aeronaut holds the of
ficial record for altitude
tclal
Because of the difficulty In measuring I
height attained by aeroplanes there is
some discrepancy as to h record but I
sme dpe
Is between 1800 and 10 feet Orville
an
Wright made an unofficial flight at
Potsdam on October t estimated at lfln
Juvisy D 30At the aerodrome here
today M De La Grange aboard 1 BlPriot
Channel type aeroplane beat all records
for speed and established a new aeroplane
record He covered 200 kilometers Z
rr and the flight lasted exactly 2
hours 3 minutes making a average
hour speed of 789 kilometers 489 miles per
POSTMASTER ARRESTED
I
Varnado L Dec 0John Bree
land postmaster here was arrested to
day on the charge of embezzling 11200
from the office Thomas A Petit
whom Breeland succeeded recently
completed a term of six months in
prison for a similar offense j
NINE SAILORS DROWNED
Fayal Dec 30Nlne of the crew of
the Portuguese bark Fortuna were
drowsed in storms that have been
ravaging the Atlantic for ten days She t
was bound from New Orleans for
Oporto and was towed into this port I
today totally dismantled I l
HIS ASSETS SMALL I I
Detroit ASSETSMALL Thelsen I
former lumber dealer of this city filed a
voluntary petition in bankruptcy today in
which he stated his liabilities to b 223
044 Resources are placed at S1 I
STANDING BY THE UNION
Striking Shirtwaist Xaken Willing
to Compromise bat Iniiit Upon
Min Point
New York Doc 30Suggestle Bs of
on r > romie were thrown out todmj by
tile > manufactures but the tbeiUUnds
f young women shirt walt makers
who are putting up such a rwurkable
fight for the recognition of their union
UMiialned firm in their declaration that
their essential point must be admitted
The girls are willing to compromise
on a reasonable basis but they will
insist that their union b given recog
nition They are tatlsfled that otmdl
tlons would not bf tolerable without
a recognized organization to back them
up when trouble came
This was the declaration made today
hy one of the
group of society women
who have rallied to the support of the
young strikers
Mrs Charles Beard wife of Professor
Beard of Columbia university is chair
man of the convnittee of arrangements
arrpmEnt
for a meeting in the Interests of the
strikers to be held in Carnegie hall
hal
Sunday night next Alleged unfair
treatment of girl pickets by certain
against city magistrates at this meeting will b protested
The employers have called a meet
ing for this afternoon to consider the
situation and it is expected draw up
a compromise proposition
SOME FIGURES ON HRES S V
Geological Survey H Computed the
Individual Cost of Protection
luYdu COt Pn in
the United States
Wsshlnn Dec 30It costs each per
son in th United Stat only 1 a year
t go t bed with a sense of security born
of the knowledge that I h house Marts
to burn a army ot firemen w arrive
to put out the fire The census bureau
announce the figure as the result of an
investigation of the fire departments and
country fire losses of th 168 largest cities In the
In Berlin i costs only X cents a year
to sleep easy in London 1 cnt and In
Milan 1 cents The United State geo
logical survey b DUe am computations
ton to show that this difference I be
cause the building restrictions In Eu
rope are greater than in this country
that there are more fireproof buildings
and that the cost of maintaining the fire
departments is not so great It i not
because American fire departments are
expensively administered
When It come to conserving t coun
trys resources or better ye its assets
the toll of a fire tell a fearful lesson
During 1907 the 15 largest American
cities lost more than 48000000 In theu
fires covered by insurance amounting to
42000000
UOO these cities about SB009000 a
year to maintain their paid fire depart
ments From this the statistical experts
calcuat that it costs each person pro
tected thereby 6 yearly
ALiVE BUT UNCONSCIOUS
Superintendent John Brown Taken
From Oklahoma Wine Which He
Entered to Save Another
Etr t Sve Ate
MoAIester Okla Dec St After having
been entombed twentyeight bon in a
mokefilled cut of the BolenDarneli
company coal mine Superintendent
John Brown was rescued alive but un
conscious this morning Had b reacueit
failed to reach him Brown would surely
have died within another hour A it is I
his condition is serious
Brown who is a wellknown mining
man of Hartford A risked b life in
an heroic attempt t rescue Angellu
Asnicar a shotfirer who was entombed
Anlcr
following an explosion on one of th lower
level of the mine late Tuesday Brown
apparently bad not reached even close
to the point where Asnicar had been over
come when he himself succumbed to ths
foul gases The shotflrers ta still re
mains unknown
Brown was known to have pad the
first landing safely and to have entered
the smoking chamber beneath Some of
these chamber have no air course as M
result of th explosion
Party after party however volunteered
to go after Brown and th attempt at
his rescue was kept up till this morning
when just at daylight one of the men
stumbled upon the superintendent body
upn
a few ads below the C first level
FIRST BILL DEFECTIVE
New indictment RUn Against
Mrs Jtanstte Stewart po
Cincinnati Dec 30A new Indictment
against Mrs Jeanette StewartFord
charging blackmail was returned by the
chr blkal tum b
Hamilton county grand Jury today I
is designed to cure possible defect in the
similar charga returned several weeks
ago th womans attorneys having at
tacked th first indictment In court
Charles L Warriner former local treas
urer of th Big Four railway who I un
der sentence of six years imprisonment
fo embezzling was summoned t the
grand jury room two hour before tne
bU was returned
The incident on which th new indict
ment la based is alleged in th b to
have occurred November 1 1 l Ford
is charged with having deoMaoted HZOOD
from Warriner on that date threatening
exposure demand of his shortage VV if b refused her
LONG TRIP OVERLAND
Brookhaven M D 10One o the
most unusual journey on record was ac
complished on th arrival here today of
T J and Jesse Gatt In a covered wag
on they traveled from Brookhaven t Se
attle to attend the AlaskaYukonPaeirV
exposition manner They returned in the same
II

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