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l'ffHShP?vffiMEyBrS9LrC i0' slates Bui the Improved condition under which pSy iHlSiS5lmBI35iKSBaoiLSir'Aa IT jjl!5lK7 -S""l CfP "V lirpiittii rosin ate manufactured in Texas 1 I ''! fBHwfi EN lJ rl IB IslV llllrsl L'dr vll1 ''Jl. xll f :""' ',0,,'H,,,,B "'" ""' ,coiinl for more than HlllllllllJ lllllllill rH&fSf 5mA 1 EsEfl IFVS l:"r3 hfcflafekk? "1lxN ( n n-ritrtli of the Increase in yield. Vll lliil rlil fflQUm mffltlmm WW IiBl. tj I Wl rRSW r ' ' II x V l I To dPmo,"""", more riiy that tin- use of im irxJHli ilill HmJL. JftSfc.'J!lLHpBE mMWnfakJSysj L'uJ fcv J IKM J lU Mk " proved mil is is largely responsible for the v''l F" 'I llllir' VS&LS6KtKJwJMsBSVJSMm'SSZ ml 14ap" Smm remarkable Increase shown. Hie report from two f jmjf' JKffjTt JygSWMJttSgTiBiKMSByjiff" SffgKg frHffnj?. ?. fVrfrl1- " "f ""' '"'K" p",,,""hm,n" ln Texas, one using HHllll MJl I w)r f tvjfc m7vniimitTTA' nfc rJSlllliiyn " i ? r " '' '""' n""" system and lhr vliH1' Wm " -51 Kirl VBSSViM rlju ' . - L jL " l t'lv """'' "ml"K b"x,'s i",,, ,n" ,''''''' mIW'I'BEI'B L J VI fyBi'l fl Hk QiH BHNrt-5l ' SWVVT ESll ltvTLl SklV lompnrcil The establishment using UgWhsrf.B''' L J V-'fl SsBsPrfrtM lll IfUM'' i l' i' liTCiirrX. I GLJ l Vllt ZSkVv ""' '"'' "ml Pron system reported IS'1 iJlmrVi N '"l'iJ U.MlJH IQh. U lifflafTTk' ' 111 lllwl XjCj firt ,'N,V' 'm '"r l:1"2 ,mrr,,H "f turpentine si jjlfff " jSfl PW'iilMlBp IfcleBW el I'SuMAfk llfti) 'IwJa Vr?? it! 12, svC Mi "'x 1 '"' imps, ns against a yield of U " jE- "JrT l:rWLJKir?fcJIS. "jJTaL- r M lftVjTtJ, VV' t " U 1 1 ' """ huirels of turpentine foi 3.1 v7 n fllUOItill the -H Improve- sr." "lent In the l bystems of turpentlnliiK the south has taken a long - step forward In the move ment for the protection and develop inenl of one of the country's most Important natural resources, the rich yellow pine forests which make the I'nlle States lead in those products. Unproved methods of turpentlnliiK were first established to an apprecia ble extent durliiR the producing sea Hon of r.104, when the cup and gtrtUf system was installed by a number or the most enterprising manufacturers of naval stores In Georgia and Klorl da. Since that time there has been a steady and satisfactory Increase In the percentage of turpentine and ros- Im mm flfls I i-5 VI 11 Ml HJn ' 'Jm it, JmW"mmT''"i' Jfa&k. ' ' Wb-'mmWMF ICLEflttiNGTHE Ct (GUTTERS PRePflRflTORV 1 1" produced by these conservative methods. The work In conserving these vast turpentine orchards of the south has perhaps come lu time to Ktay the early destruction of yellow pine forests threatened by years of careless management. Kxperlmentw conduc ted by the Uni ted States forest service at Ocllla. a.. and Creen Cove Springs, Kla , as well as definite and reliable data received from operators throughout the naval stores belt, have effectively determined the great advantages" of the new methods over the old. Not only has It been shown forcibly that the conservative methods are of great protection to the forests, but suffl ci 'lit data has been collected to show that the increase In yield of both turpentine and rosin by the new and Improved systems furnishes a strong argument in favor of their use. Reports from the states where na val stores are produced show that where there ls a greater percentage of turpentine produced by improved methods there Is also a greater yield. The following table gives the aver age yield of turpentine per crop of 10, KOO boxeB or cups, reported and compiled by stiltcs. together with the percentage of turpentine produced ln each state by either the cup and gutter or cup and apron systems: PwroMtM Yield i i by Htate. per Crop. Imjin.v..l inctlindft. Alabama 35.6 casks 8 Florida 29.8 casks 16 Georgia 26.5 casks 9 J Louisiana 44.7 casks 44 V Mississippi 34.5 caska 11 . Texas . A3.5 casks 49 Note In North and South Carolina lmproverd methods are not In use. "Jilfj TPf-sWaW IfM wM ' ffLtmWtfAmvi 1 U'AJtWjU) , itQP- V0- SY crops where the old methods were liyjlllbJWafr&Ly Jfl' VB?rSll',frrffltt ( iTOyft- A 'j-fc:"T " employed, lis: casks per crop for the T llftinrMaW wWr1' OTffr1 ffirT" n IICnDVlVrb TiIST cup and apron system as against 4L' s M wmmWr UmmmJSmmW OTbT H HER5ERT Ft JACKSON. "'"" ' IllilCl BrJBMBB mTl'fWzwl1m7&mWmi IVllaVv IPv U. Ilnth companies were operating for Hill Hi 7' -ft - iH3a r-Hmr''W$W A -" v- --"- la S AWimmmlMmWl, I &f. 'W$fcFfLLEH TREE -TOO MUCH BOX INC, U ' bNw. yvflJH BflKtirJBcSVj lrJJv VafiSJ--'jHJu ff jf -Jr? Mw;!': .J ' -W I -J I wnk- ' ,tmmWL-,L IjaHra v w ; in '( i ylfcs!,. JMfe'ly - i Ii- BOXTiG fl TREE 1 Accepting the Information contained In this table as a basis for comparing the results of the new methods with the results of the old system of cutting the destructive boxes In the trees, some allowance should be made for the difference ln iiuallty of timber as well as the age of the industry In the states given. The timber In Texas and Ixniisiana is considered superior to that ln Georgia and Florida V J WRIGHT AEROPLANE "BLUFF" WS Wfit MAKES GOOD )W &S By HOWARD S. COLTbh ij I IIMU'H WHUJHT has proved Wto the satisfaction of hun dreds of persons in France 1 : r- lh.it the pretensions of the 1 Wr'Knt brothers that they I g g J I had an aeroplane capable of Hying were founded on fact, but for a long time they were under suspi cion. They merely kept on saying that their aeroplane had solved the flying problem, but they never showed the machine and they never discussed Its makeup or plaiiB. ThlB reticence had the effect naturally of making the French say: "That's Just a bluff." The Wrights, Wilbur and Oivillc. always nave been very aecretlveabout their Invention. As ls most generally known they took up the flying In dustry about eight Tears bo. As ia I tlm case with many folks all sorts of explanations, foolish and otherwise, were made of the way In which they buppened to become Interested. From the Btart, however, these Dayton bi cycle manufacturers were keen for aeroplanes. They believed that the soaring and Hying of birds could best bo imitated by aeroplanes. The manner ln which birds kept on mile after mile after vesseli) at sea, merely moving their wings now and again, Interested thee brothers, as it has Interested thousands of per sons who are not wrapped up In aero planes. The brothers knew or learned that the birds occasionally Happed their wings In the midst of soaring because they had to inouut another or different air current. h v ''S'MSmWSw Jkr v-fV W$L m third yfift(V. - - J? f0mmWopsRj ted by Air resistance Is a linrder thing to tackle than water resistance. There are more quirks and twists to the stream of air than there are In the .Mississippi water. All these things made dirigible balloon flying hard, and It had killed absolutely aeroplane endeavor up to the time the Wright brothers began. The earlier aeroplan Ists had not been able to work out a scheme whereby the air resistance could be accommodated so that It would help the flying machine Instead of dashing it to the ground. The Wrights, too, believed that a man could make a much better wing than Nature bad done. The resistance of leathers would not be present in a wing made of silk. Furthermore, be casee n bird sometimes hus to alight, Nature has fixed the wings so that they may be folded. WUh an aero plane that has nothing tr 10 but fly there need be no device .or collaps ing the wings They may stay extend ed nil the time. The earlier attempts at aeroplanes, I lllicnihal's, l'ilcher's, l.angl.y'w and Chanute'B. all lent something to the Ideas of the Wrights. They studied aeroplanes for years before they evolved the idea. It was In 1U03 that after framing the machine of parallel box kites they got the Idea of putting ln a gasoline engine to run the ma chine and to force those changes of plane that would be inevitable ln un favorable windage. They had a machine then that was merely a gilder. It was picked up at either extremity by two men who ran with It for a distance until finally it caught the air and started off on its gliding. It was about this time that reports came east that there were two men in Ohio who had a living machine that would Hy. The Wright aeroplane had glided for a dlstunce over ground, how great no one knew but the brothers and certain chosen friends. That started the controversy over them, a controversy that never was even partly settled until when the recent public flights began ln Fiance. The brothers made It a point that no unfriendly persons should see the aeroplanes, and many successful the first year and timber and weather conditions were practically the same. The two establishments reporting these figures employ a high standard of business methods and the figures given are reliable. Forty-two barrels ls considered a fair average yield for the first year the trees are bled and where boxes are uted. In Texas and Louisiana a greater percentage of operators own their own timber. Sonie of the most exten sive places In these states are oper ated by large lumbering companies or corporations who are bleeding their trees for turpentine and rosin previous to converting them into lumber. These companies have care fully and systematically studied both methods of turpentining and the fact that the new methods are more gen erally In use In those states Indicates their advantage over the old. Work for More Kindergartens. Mrs. Kate Douglass Wlggln Klggs addressed the meeting of kindergarten enthusiasts who met the other day in the New York home of Mrs. J. Oreen oiigb for the purpose of establishing kindergartens in small towns and vil lages. The scope of this new kinder garten society will be national, though its members declare that nowhere ln the country Is there such a demand for the schools as within a radius of 100 miles of New York city. Richard Watson QUter, Mine Maria Kraus Hoclte and Itev. Dr. Daid O. Wylio also made speeches in favor of the movement. models were destroyed because the brothers didn't want to risk having any one steal their ideas. They started off to France, which has been and is the foremost in avi ation, and tried there to enlist funds for their enterprise. They apparent ly wanted the French government to take their aeroplane mostly on trust. As a Frenchinun remarked long after ward: "If It were a fraudulent gold mine every one would have been will ing to subscribe. Hut this turns out to be an honest enterprise, so of course there was no eagerness to pos sess It for France." It was their manner of conversation (hat aroused the antagonism of the Frenchmen who came in contact Not all, but some, of the aviators frankly did not believe the Wrights and thought it all a bunco scheme to get money for nothing. The Wrights kept close mouthed and let the discussion i'oi ob, They started experiments down In a spot in North Carolina, near a town called KIttyhawk. From this place day after day came reports of flights, accidents, successes. SLY CUPIO DEFIES 1 CONVENT WALLS I MIDNIGHT SIGNAL. ROPE LAD- jH DER, FAST AUTO AND PAR- jjJl 80N YIELD VICTORY. uH DETERMINED LOVERWINS GIRL tfl To Prevent Her Marriage Latter hi fH Placed In Custody of Mother jH Superior Young Man Ijl Outwits Relative. m Chicago I)efing the seclufnYn of iH convent walls, the constant guard of fH the watchful nuns nnd of Influential JW relatives, fieorge V. Mueller of 'hlc tH go has suc ceded In making Miss Km iH llv I.ee. sister-in-law of Mayor Hue). H his bride. jH I'tlllzlng the veil of darkness a rope H ladder, a private code of lovers' six- m nals, and other necessities to a well m regulated elopement, but substituting W for the blooded charger of the days nf m old. a modern automobile, the obscure H but gallnnt telephone company'H em m phe spirited his ladyae fait lo the m hospitable town of Cary, Ind . where H their lives were joined forever and Wt aye. while the lordly relatives raged H withal and true to the novelist wired m their forgiveness. H Mueller Is employed hy the Chicago H Telephone Company and lives in a flat M on Sheffield avenue. Across the hall .1 from his apartments abided Mlwi "H Emily l.ee Mueller did not know his H IK year-old neighbor and for months U and months the soulmates msterf m without knowledge that Cupid was U sitting in the hallway, shooting w- m rows both ways. U A few months ago, Mueller on re- U turning from his daily labors saw the W future Mrs. M. gracefully gliding on U roller skates in front nf the apartment W house. Just as he reached the door 'affl step the young woman, perhaps grace- W fully, but entirely painfully, sat on the H sidewalk. Mueller assisted (he young U lady to arise and carefully helped her U to the comfort of his one best chair la U the H When Miss l.ee had quite recovered H she explained that she lived just H across the. hall and would be pleased H mil' WT4m H a i! I Ays w aLLw " j i Wmr sjl. -T J- . mmml A -2 T mmM L .A J I She Descended Into the Arms of Hr H at anv time to renew her acquaint- H time with her rescuer H Mueller became a constant anil ag- gresslve suitor. The maid smiled and ravored hla suit. All was roseate with H blm. He had practically decided on the minister and the place where the H ring was to be secured as soon as he could save the money,- when a cloud H came over the happy courtship. H The cloud was the mayor of Chicago, H who Is the brother-in law of his in- loved. Fred A. Dusse would not bear H of his relative's marrying a telephone clerk, dealer things were iu store for her. The mayor consulted with B the relatives. Ills i . v. i was greater that the boy's and the youth wax for- hidden to call on his lady. But de- H aplte these obstacles the pair met. Ut in.l as a result the wilful maid was lent to the seclusion of the convent ut Rock Island. sfgfiH There instructions were giveu that she was to receive no letters, which had not been properl censored by the Mother Superior and no visitor who did not have the oOicial sUuip ol approval of Mayor Fred A. Htiss. For H weeks the maiden pined for her lover and went through the dull routine of H convent life. A lew days ago Mm it. H who had planned well took a day off gfH and visited Rock Island From a point &H of vantage above the convent wall In gfgfgf beheld his beloved and wigwagged HH her his plan. She retired to her re. n ifH In excitement and h'unhes. At midnight, when the convent was a is still as a tomb, thtee pebbles wen ffffffl 'brown against the window of Miss Lee, With her suit case iu her in in tiling bands, she raised the window A B -ope ladder was thrown her and ou gK (his she descended to her sweetheart H On the roadside stood a big autoine H bile doing Its best ln a clumsy way to H n i utile ita chug chug, ln it the ceofih- H and the chauffeur went accord H Ing " InMructtom- full speed for (iur.v The mayor has not failed to pay he H respects to the bride and bridegroom and I'. Is said that Mueller will i i I serve the telephone company manv until- longer A position lu UN hall a said to be awaiting him. H