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TUESDAY DECEMBER 31 W2 "-
I "' TMB IQtAW MPUILICAM FACE THREE H ! MAGIC WAND OF ! THE CHEMIST 1 Sir William Ramsey, the English chemist for sereral months has been Tlsltlng la tho United States and hao tnado many obserratlonB of the prob ablo needs of tho people here with- liv the noxt row yearn. "Ho boUovcs that the food of a na- tldn Is Its grcatcat asset, and thero- , Xoro ho considers that tho work of tho synthetic chemist In aiding ag riculture Is most Important. While tho soil of tho different states at present is very! fertllo, th0 time vrlll , come, ho says, when It must look to tho chemists for aid, as has been I found In European countries Keynote of Modern Chemleti-y "Tho work of tho modern syntho- ' tic chemist now Involves tho saving of untold millions and millions of ' dollars to tho present and future ' generations," said Sir William. "Not only is it surprisingly aiding agriculture, but wonderful progress has been mado quietly in industrial lines and many synthetic products 1 of enormous commercial valuo and usefulness In reducing tho cost of the safe are already on tho market, while others are to bo placed thoro Boon. "Synthcticlsm is tho koytioto of modorn chemistry. In tho paBt chem istry was analytical; today It is syn thetical, meaning tho production of natural products by chemical means "At tho dawn of the twentieth cen tury tho world was facing a Berious problem that threatened tho exis tence of mankind in tho years to come. Tho nltrato beds, from which camo tho world's supply of that fer tilizer so necessary to plant life, were steadily becoming exhausted. Scientists calculated that tho natur al supply would last only a few years. When that supply was gone I tho world would bo without food un- ' less means wore found for obtaining 1 an unlimited supply of nltrato. , Supply of Nitrogen Inexhaustible "Scientists havj long known Unit four-fifths of tho air Is composed of nitrogen. Every square yard of land wo find is covered with seven tons of nitrogen. "Tho nitrogen In the air over a equaro mile, if convorted Into nitrate would bo worth 125 million dollars and would supply tho world with fer tilizer for years to come. "Tho production of nltrato from 4fe tho air has mado tremendous strides FJ ' in tho last five years. This work at present is carried on almost exclu- H Blvely In Norway, Blrkeland and H Eyde, the chemists who evolved tho process, have mado tho production H Of synthetical nltrato tho most mar H vclous new Industry In Norway In H! 10 years. H "Tho main process consists of bur s' nlng tho nlr, for which purpose great ; flaming electric arcs are used. Tho I nitrous gases aro then chemically I, treated until two products are given I' nltrato of lime and nltrato of soda. I "Tho Norwegian factories aro able I at present to produco annually, ac Hi cording to Dr. Eydo's estimate, 80,- ' 000 tons of nltrato of lime and 10, I 000 tons of nitrate of soda. Itecont I ly tho factories have been producing I nltrato or ammonia at the rato of I 10,000 tonB a year. Thirty million I dollars of French capital is Invested I in the industry. Tho factories slnco I their first operation havo Increased their numbor of workmen from 2 to 1,340 and tho horso power from 25 I to 200,000. Ammonia Produced by Synthesis Ij "Until about three years ago the ' chemists woro In dospalr at tho pros- poet of producing ammonia from its natural olomonts by synthesis, and I We Sell The Earth AND I Loan Money on It Farm ind City Property, th choicest for tale and exchange. Commercial Stockt bought and ' sold. Plenty of money to lon on city and farm prorerty. latest place on earth for real I estate and commercial Invest. I, merits. ft H. A. PE9ERSEN 1 And Company I Over J at National Bank E JJB tho announcement that this has been successfully accomplished haa been made only rccontly by Dr. H. A. Uernthsen of Germany, "Ths credit for tho achlovemcat of this dream of the chomlsts Is given to Prof , Haber of Berlin, who work ed Incessantly at tho problem for years. Ho finally discolored that ammonia could bo formed from ni trogen and hydrogen it tho mixture wcro kept under constant prcssuro during tho wholo of tho operation and was subjectoi alternately to the catalytic formation of ammonia at a high temperature, and then treed from ammonia by absorption or con densation at a low temperature "Ag to tho future of tho syntheti cally prepared ammonia and othor nitrogenous substances Dr. Bornth son and his fellow chemists In Ger many boliovo It to bo wonderfully bright. Tho soil of the world Is bo lng worn out by constant usago for centuries. America has not felt this change so much as Europe, but in tlmo tho soil of tho eastern states will need notrogenous manuro for tho growth of tho crops. A Triumph For Synthetic Rubber "A scientific marathan, a great nnd fast race, in which two groups of scientists working in the'lr labor atories on tho sanio Bccret of nature resulted In tho synthetic production of rubber, nn event which In tlmo to como is expected to have a wide effect on the uses of tho natural pro duct. "England nnd Germany both claim tho honor of this great discovery. England seems to havo been tho first to produco trio synthetic rubber, but cd first that Its product Is of valuo Germany apparently has demonstra ted commercially. "Dr. Carl Dulsberg of Oermany re cently exhibited In the United States two excellent specimens of synthet ically prepared rubber motor car tires, which, ho explained, had run more than 4,000 miles, considered a healthy guarantee for any tiro on tho present market and yet they ap peared to bo Just as good as new, and this notwithstanding the fact that they had been driven on heavy motor cars. Tho original tread had not worn ofT, and tho only evidence of wear, In fact, was tho seasoning of tho original rubber color to a light brown." Its Wonders Unlimited According to Sir William who In his laboratory In England has mado many valuable contributions to sci ence along tho lines which ho has discussed with no mention of tho great part which ho himself has played, synthetic chemistry has been applied to tho artificial production of many other natural products. In fact, thoro appears to bo no limit to the wonders which may bo perform ed as time goes on by the magic wand of cuemlstry. Precious stones rubles, sapphires emeralds nna turquoises havo been manufactured by tho synthetic pro cess and tho artificial product, ho says, Is In every sense Identical with the natural stono. Tho perfume In dustry of tho world has been revolu tionized by the discovery that tho odor of the rose, tho Illy of tho val ley, tho violet, etc., could bo prod uced through tho same marvelous agency. Similarly, sclonco has fin ally dispensed with tho Bilk worm; the production o. synthetical Bilk of' beautiful texture 1b another feat of the chemist and tho process is being perfected every yoar. The manufac ture of drugs Invaluable to tho med ical world Is now engrossing tho syn thetic chomlst.1 There la no limit to tho possibilities. $100 REWARD $100 The readers of this paper will bo pleased to learn that thoro is at least ono dreaded disease that science has boon able to euro In all its stages, and that Is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Curo Is tho only positlvo euro now known to tho medical fraternity. Catarrh being a constitutional dis ease, requires a constitutional treat ment. Hall's Catarrh Curo Is takon Internally, acting upon tho blood and mucuous surface's of tho system, thereby destroying tho foundation of tho disease, and giving tho patient strength by building up tho constitu tion and assisting nature In doing Its work. The proprietors havo so much faith In Its curative powers that they offor ono hundred dollars for any caso that It falls to curo. Send for list of testimonials. Address P. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio. Sold by all druggists, 75 cents. Tako Hall's Family Pills for con stipation. (Advortlsomont) CHRI8TMA8 HOLIDAY RATES Via Oregon Short Line Tickets on salo Docombor 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 28, and 31, 1912 and January 1, 1913, limited to January C, 1913. Low rates between local poiuts. See agents for rates and fur ther particular!. (Advertisement) till UNSOUNDNESS AND HEREDITY Most of tho states that havo stal lion laws classify certain unsound ness aa heritable, and will not per mit stallions possessed of such un soundness to stand tor service Many writers havo drawn a sharp theoret ical distinction as to tho hcrttablllty of such conditions, and havo spoken of a pro-dlsposttlon to tho dlscaso as tho thing Inherited. A careful con sideration of tho physiology of many unsoundnesses shows that both of these contentions aro wrong In tholr extrcmo theory, unless predisposition is a remarkably elastic word. It also shows why It will never bo possiblo to totally rcmovo unsoundness, bo cause It Is nolthor In nor outsldo of tho hereditary condition of any ani mal. When a man works In tho hot sun, the skin of the body adapts itself to tho man's needs, and forms much moro pigment, tanning the man, as It were. When n horso is trained for tho race track, Its music power adapts Itself In a certain way to meet racing conditions. When 11 hog re covers from hog cholera, thcro 1b found in its blood ccrtnln antitoxins, which tho blood has formed to adapt Itself to and repulse tho choleric con ditions. And bo it is in tho caso of curb. When a horso with n weakly supported hock forms this unsound ness under strnin beyond Its strength It simply follows tho lawB of adapta tion illustrated In tho preceding ex amples. vital one In tho dovelopmelit of every species. Thoai Individuals that can most readily meet advorso conditions with an effective response are tho ones that will survive and bo tho leaders of their raco. Thus a defin ite method of responso has como to meet certain conditions. Let us return to tho oxamplo of tho curb. Wo say thcro aro two kinds of curb, ono associated with a normal conformation, which Is not an unsoundness, and ono found with Insufficiently supported or sickle hocks, which Is always an unsound ness. Why distinguish between tho two? Both aro results of the samo moro or less sovero strains that havo passed tho limit of strength of tho process, both havo como about under This law of adaptation has been a hock. Both aro attempts to mako up for bis lack of strength by lncrcas lng tho bearing surfneo of tbo Joint. It is truo that by so doing they stif fen tho action of tho horse, hut strango ns It may seem to ono who looks on unsoundness as a disease, tho hock with tho curb Is actually stronger than It wnB beforo tho curb was formed. This does not mean that tho horso Is necessarily strong er but simply that tho Joint itself Is. Tho horse's notion and activity may bo so Interfered with that tho added strength of the hock may not bo compensated for. What Is truo of curb Is truo of spav)n, rlngbono and sldebone. Eye, wind and puffed unsoundness scarce ly fall In the same class, but tho bone unsoundness are merely danger sig nals that show whoro the breeder haB failed. Tho problem then Is not one of breeding this class of unsoundness out of the horse's constitution. It Is to breed a horso with better mechan ical strength due to more perfectly formed joints and heavier bono. It is not that wo must select against 'unsoundness, but that wo must so loct for mechanical efficiency. It is doubtful whothor wo want to got an animal freo from tho possibilities of developing spavls, curb and ringbone, becauso this method of adaptation may permit sorvlco from a horso that would bo ruined forovor whon over strained. What wo do want Is an animal that has tho mechanical strength from nn Ideal body. Tho stock Judgo and breedor Is not, as many would havo us think, a man oxpert In finding little blemishes and fnults. Ho is tho man who, looking past these, can seo tho mechanical perfection of everything good. E. N. Wontworth, Iowa Stato College WHAT TO USE IN THE BATH Hints on Keeping the Skin Healthy and Beautiful Tho commonest form of tho bath us a beautlfler Is tho bran bath. This particular bath has tho advantage of holng lnoxponsivo and ofllclont at tho snmo tlmo. Tho bran should bo sown Into a neat llttlo squaro sack of cheeso cloth covering, and dropped into tho bath when tho wator Is run In. Tho water must not ho too hot, or tho bran will bo cooked and thus rondored useless, but If warm Is pour ed on it a croamy mass is formod, which will render tho skin dollgutful" ly soft. For those who wish to bo a llttlo moro olaborato there are Bold at all chemists and stores iltt'lo sacks of bran mixed with various perfumod hqrbs, according to taste, such a violets, orris root or sun lower seed. The milk bath Is not unusual and it is claimed that It has no rival In beautifying tho skin. Ono well known beauty In Paris Is understood to ust milk for her bath always, and tho skin of her throat and shoulders la as oreamy a whlto aa tho liquid she Is supposed to bathe them with. Of course, ono would not actually got right Into a milk bath as ono docs with water. Tho milk Is applied on wads of antiseptic cotton nnd the skin is dried with moro of tho cot ton. Then, to prevont any stickiness It is rubbed gently with eau d0 co logne. French women aro also very par tial to the uso of alcohol In tho bath. It is perfumed In somo way with such scents ns lavender or violet, and thoso who lndulgo In these baths or tho bran ones uso soap only once or twlco a week. Salt water bathing Is probably tho most brnclng and tho best form for tho robust, but In a cllmato such as ours It cannot bo recommended ex cept In tho hot months unless tho bather Is very strong. Thoso who nro unfortunate enough to possens very Irrltablo skins will do well to eschew sea baths a'' cither. Turkish baths nro much In fin or with many people, though otln-is particularly ronch women, declare them to bo harmful to tho skin, and consldor that thoso who Indulge fre quently In these extremes of temper aturo becomo prematurely old and injuro tho heart and nerves. Thoso who do indulge in them, howovcr, de clare that they glvo a delicious sen sation of perfect well being and ah soluto cleanliness, and that ono seems to tako a now lease of llfo with ev ery bath. Dellcato people can often only enjoy a cod bath with safety after a previous application of hot nlr or vapor, and In such cases. Tur kish and vapor baths aro Invaluable For ordinary bathing purposes most people uso ammonia or borax, which not only softens tho water, but Is Invaluablo for cleansing the skin. It la necessary however, to ex ercise caution In tbo uso of these two articles, for an over doso in tho bath, Instead of making tho skin soft and supple, will harden It nnd mnko It much too dry. Tho best plan Is to get tho chemist to mako up a proper mlxturo nnd put It Into a marked bottle, so that tho correct quantity for a certain amount of wa ter only is used. A lazy liver leads to chronic dys pepsia and constipation wcakenB tho wholo system. Doan's Itogulots 25 cents per box will correct tho liv er, tonic tho atomach, curo consti pation. (Advertisement) CROUPY COUGH8 AND WHEEZY COLDS Tho quickest and simplest way to rid tho children of dangerous croupy coughs and wheezy stuffy colds la to give them Foley's Honey and Tar Compound. It gives almost Instant relief and stops a cough promptly. It soothes and heals. Contains no op iates. Co-op Drug Co. (Advertisement). NOTICE OF A88E88MENT Mexican Citrus Fruit Company, Logan, Utah Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of tho directors hold on tho 20th day of 'December, 1912, an as sessment of 10 dollars a sharo was levied on tho calptal stock of the corporation, payablo Fobruary 1, 1913 to tho secrotary of tho corporation at his ofllco at Logan, Utah. Any stock upon which this assessment may remain unpaid on ths 1st day of February 1918, will be delinquent and advertised for salo at pubtlo auc tion aad unless payment la aiads be fore, will b sold on ths 21st day of fobniaryt 1913, to pay Us delin quent asssssment, together with the coat of advertising and expense of ! II . BULLHN, JR., Secretary Commercial Block, Logan, Utah. J18 si CHRI8TMA8 HOLIDAY RATES Via Oregon 8hort Line Tickets on salo Docombor 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 28, and 31, 1912 and January 1, 1913, limited to January H 6, 1913. Low rates between local points. Sea agents for rates and fur- H thcr particulars. (Advertisement) H 031 j LAND TOR SALE f H Three quarters of a section ! ! J of dry farm land In Uluo Creek j sssssssssssi About 30u aces undor cultlva- 'sssssssssssssi tlon, 200 acres planted and H growing. Write or on H W. II. ROSKELLEY, iH Smithficld. Utah 'pH Bad Roads fe - H I May prevent driving BSKiPwW I H j ttVtown but they don't T 94-jfiK. I j stop communication g& 'Sp-f I M j if you have a tele- I I H I f phone. I I r"l ML v,i I H j Farm life becomes a H pleasure with the con- ( j venience of town life j M right at hand. j M j Ask Our Manager as to rates H j 2 The Mountain States Tele- . j W phone And Telegraph Co. j SBSBSH Special Inducements To 1 M All Holiday Shoppers . I Tit Home Drug Store Jt HI i fsssssH 11 .vivwvwvv i VSSSS U Unusual Reductions in Holiday Gifts. .A comparison H III of Prices will convince you. Complete showing of jl H U Holiday Kodaks and Supplies 1 M H BUY THE BOY A KODAK 1 M I ' Magnificent showing of H H I Manicure Sets, Mirrors, Toilet Sets X H Post Cards Military Brushes I H Perfumes D H I And many other useful and appropriate Gifts. Your N H H presence is respectfully requested at our store III M II 7. S. Home, 1 I II The Holiday Drug Store I H i U HOLIDAY GREETINGS S I Send - his Gift to the Folks at home or other relatives or out of town Friends j M j FOR HOLIDA Y ( I Four Full Quarts of Optimist 100 Proof Whiskey Worth $5-00 I I Two Full Quarts of Fine Old Port Wine, Worth $2.00 I And we will include Express Prepaid J jH J On Receipt Of $5 we will ship the 6 full quarts in a neat, plain box Express J M I Charges Prepaid and we will enclose a beautiful Christmas Card which will bear your B H I name as sender. This offer is open to persons of legal age both town and out-of-town i 'H j patrons Until Dec. 31, 1912. j HI j OPTIMIST is a straight Two-Stamp THE POR T WINEWc offer is a j HP i Whiskey Guaranteed 100 Proof Aged Swcct winc 0f grcat natural strength i K in Bond under supervision of U. S. Gov- , n . . I , 'Sat ttc ait AAnncu-T.-v "urc ''avor and bouquet. f EM crnment 1 1 S ALL WHISKEY. i )Lct Optimist 100 Proof Whiskey be your choice for the Holidays and you will be de- J H lighted with your selection and now is the time to get itbefore the express Companies I , H j arc swamped with business. ? H I Price Lists On W'WJf MjW7M C? M?k J?V2410 Washington I U Application tlJMi& I-?. rUJUn, Ave. Ogdcn, Utah j f Wholesale Wines, Liquors, Beers, Etc. j ;H ! 4J.