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The Logan Republican. [volume] (Logan, Utah) 1902-1924, December 31, 1912, Image 3

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Sir William Ramsey, the English
chemist for sereral months has been
Tlsltlng la tho United States and hao
tnado many obserratlonB of the prob
ablo needs of tho people here with-
liv the noxt row yearn.
"Ho boUovcs that the food of a na-
tldn Is Its grcatcat asset, and thero-
, Xoro ho considers that tho work of
tho synthetic chemist In aiding ag
riculture Is most Important. While
tho soil of tho different states at
present is very! fertllo, th0 time vrlll
, come, ho says, when It must look
to tho chemists for aid, as has been
I found In European countries
Keynote of Modern Chemleti-y
"Tho work of tho modern syntho-
' tic chemist now Involves tho saving
of untold millions and millions of
' dollars to tho present and future
' generations," said Sir William.
"Not only is it surprisingly aiding
agriculture, but wonderful progress
has been mado quietly in industrial
lines and many synthetic products
1 of enormous commercial valuo and
usefulness In reducing tho cost of
the safe are already on tho market,
while others are to bo placed thoro
"Synthcticlsm is tho koytioto of
modorn chemistry. In tho paBt chem
istry was analytical; today It is syn
thetical, meaning tho production of
natural products by chemical means
"At tho dawn of the twentieth cen
tury tho world was facing a Berious
problem that threatened tho exis
tence of mankind in tho years to
come. Tho nltrato beds, from which
camo tho world's supply of that fer
tilizer so necessary to plant life,
were steadily becoming exhausted.
Scientists calculated that tho natur
al supply would last only a few
years. When that supply was gone
I tho world would bo without food un-
' less means wore found for obtaining
1 an unlimited supply of nltrato.
, Supply of Nitrogen Inexhaustible
"Scientists havj long known Unit
four-fifths of tho air Is composed of
nitrogen. Every square yard of land
wo find is covered with seven tons
of nitrogen.
"Tho nitrogen In the air over a
equaro mile, if convorted Into nitrate
would bo worth 125 million dollars
and would supply tho world with fer
tilizer for years to come.
"Tho production of nltrato from
4fe tho air has mado tremendous strides
FJ ' in tho last five years. This work at
present is carried on almost exclu-
H Blvely In Norway, Blrkeland and
H Eyde, the chemists who evolved tho
process, have mado tho production
H Of synthetical nltrato tho most mar
H vclous new Industry In Norway In
H! 10 years.
H "Tho main process consists of bur
s' nlng tho nlr, for which purpose great
; flaming electric arcs are used. Tho
I nitrous gases aro then chemically
I, treated until two products are given
I' nltrato of lime and nltrato of soda.
I "Tho Norwegian factories aro able
I at present to produco annually, ac
Hi cording to Dr. Eydo's estimate, 80,-
' 000 tons of nltrato of lime and 10,
I 000 tons of nitrate of soda. Itecont
I ly tho factories have been producing
I nltrato or ammonia at the rato of
I 10,000 tonB a year. Thirty million
I dollars of French capital is Invested
I in the industry. Tho factories slnco
I their first operation havo Increased
their numbor of workmen from 2 to
1,340 and tho horso power from 25
I to 200,000.
Ammonia Produced by Synthesis
Ij "Until about three years ago the
' chemists woro In dospalr at tho pros-
poet of producing ammonia from its
natural olomonts by synthesis, and
I We Sell The Earth
I Loan Money on It
Farm ind City Property, th
choicest for tale and exchange.
Commercial Stockt bought and
' sold. Plenty of money to lon
on city and farm prorerty.
latest place on earth for real
I estate and commercial Invest.
I, merits.
1 And Company
I Over J at National Bank
tho announcement that this has
been successfully accomplished haa
been made only rccontly by Dr. H.
A. Uernthsen of Germany,
"Ths credit for tho achlovemcat of
this dream of the chomlsts Is given
to Prof , Haber of Berlin, who work
ed Incessantly at tho problem for
years. Ho finally discolored that
ammonia could bo formed from ni
trogen and hydrogen it tho mixture
wcro kept under constant prcssuro
during tho wholo of tho operation
and was subjectoi alternately to the
catalytic formation of ammonia at
a high temperature, and then treed
from ammonia by absorption or con
densation at a low temperature
"Ag to tho future of tho syntheti
cally prepared ammonia and othor
nitrogenous substances Dr. Bornth
son and his fellow chemists In Ger
many boliovo It to bo wonderfully
bright. Tho soil of the world Is bo
lng worn out by constant usago for
centuries. America has not felt this
change so much as Europe, but in
tlmo tho soil of tho eastern states
will need notrogenous manuro for
tho growth of tho crops.
A Triumph For Synthetic Rubber
"A scientific marathan, a great
nnd fast race, in which two groups
of scientists working in the'lr labor
atories on tho sanio Bccret of nature
resulted In tho synthetic production
of rubber, nn event which In tlmo
to como is expected to have a wide
effect on the uses of tho natural pro
duct. "England nnd Germany both claim
tho honor of this great discovery.
England seems to havo been tho first
to produco trio synthetic rubber, but
cd first that Its product Is of valuo
Germany apparently has demonstra
ted commercially.
"Dr. Carl Dulsberg of Oermany re
cently exhibited In the United States
two excellent specimens of synthet
ically prepared rubber motor car
tires, which, ho explained, had run
more than 4,000 miles, considered a
healthy guarantee for any tiro on
tho present market and yet they ap
peared to bo Just as good as new,
and this notwithstanding the fact
that they had been driven on heavy
motor cars. Tho original tread had
not worn ofT, and tho only evidence
of wear, In fact, was tho seasoning
of tho original rubber color to a
light brown."
Its Wonders Unlimited
According to Sir William who In
his laboratory In England has mado
many valuable contributions to sci
ence along tho lines which ho has
discussed with no mention of tho
great part which ho himself has
played, synthetic chemistry has been
applied to tho artificial production of
many other natural products. In
fact, thoro appears to bo no limit to
the wonders which may bo perform
ed as time goes on by the magic
wand of cuemlstry.
Precious stones rubles, sapphires
emeralds nna turquoises havo been
manufactured by tho synthetic pro
cess and tho artificial product, ho
says, Is In every sense Identical with
the natural stono. Tho perfume In
dustry of tho world has been revolu
tionized by the discovery that tho
odor of the rose, tho Illy of tho val
ley, tho violet, etc., could bo prod
uced through tho same marvelous
agency. Similarly, sclonco has fin
ally dispensed with tho Bilk worm;
the production o. synthetical Bilk of'
beautiful texture 1b another feat of
the chemist and tho process is being
perfected every yoar. The manufac
ture of drugs Invaluable to tho med
ical world Is now engrossing tho syn
thetic chomlst.1 There la no limit to
tho possibilities.
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The readers of this paper will bo
pleased to learn that thoro is at least
ono dreaded disease that science has
boon able to euro In all its stages,
and that Is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh
Curo Is tho only positlvo euro now
known to tho medical fraternity.
Catarrh being a constitutional dis
ease, requires a constitutional treat
ment. Hall's Catarrh Curo Is takon
Internally, acting upon tho blood and
mucuous surface's of tho system,
thereby destroying tho foundation of
tho disease, and giving tho patient
strength by building up tho constitu
tion and assisting nature In doing Its
work. The proprietors havo so much
faith In Its curative powers that they
offor ono hundred dollars for any
caso that It falls to curo. Send for
list of testimonials.
Address P. J. CHENEY & CO.,
Toledo, Ohio. Sold by all druggists,
75 cents.
Tako Hall's Family Pills for con
stipation. (Advortlsomont)
Via Oregon Short Line
Tickets on salo Docombor 19, 20,
21, 22, 24, 25, 28, and 31, 1912 and
January 1, 1913, limited to January
C, 1913. Low rates between local
poiuts. See agents for rates and fur
ther particular!. (Advertisement)
Most of tho states that havo stal
lion laws classify certain unsound
ness aa heritable, and will not per
mit stallions possessed of such un
soundness to stand tor service Many
writers havo drawn a sharp theoret
ical distinction as to tho hcrttablllty
of such conditions, and havo spoken
of a pro-dlsposttlon to tho dlscaso as
tho thing Inherited. A careful con
sideration of tho physiology of many
unsoundnesses shows that both of
these contentions aro wrong In tholr
extrcmo theory, unless predisposition
is a remarkably elastic word. It also
shows why It will never bo possiblo
to totally rcmovo unsoundness, bo
cause It Is nolthor In nor outsldo of
tho hereditary condition of any ani
mal. When a man works In tho hot sun,
the skin of the body adapts itself
to tho man's needs, and forms much
moro pigment, tanning the man, as
It were. When n horso is trained
for tho race track, Its music power
adapts Itself In a certain way to meet
racing conditions. When 11 hog re
covers from hog cholera, thcro 1b
found in its blood ccrtnln antitoxins,
which tho blood has formed to adapt
Itself to and repulse tho choleric con
ditions. And bo it is in tho caso of
curb. When a horso with n weakly
supported hock forms this unsound
ness under strnin beyond Its strength
It simply follows tho lawB of adapta
tion illustrated In tho preceding ex
amples. vital one In tho dovelopmelit of every
species. Thoai Individuals that can
most readily meet advorso conditions
with an effective response are tho
ones that will survive and bo tho
leaders of their raco. Thus a defin
ite method of responso has como to
meet certain conditions.
Let us return to tho oxamplo of
tho curb. Wo say thcro aro two
kinds of curb, ono associated with a
normal conformation, which Is not
an unsoundness, and ono found with
Insufficiently supported or sickle
hocks, which Is always an unsound
ness. Why distinguish between tho
two? Both aro results of the samo
moro or less sovero strains that havo
passed tho limit of strength of tho
process, both havo como about under
This law of adaptation has been a
hock. Both aro attempts to mako
up for bis lack of strength by lncrcas
lng tho bearing surfneo of tbo Joint.
It is truo that by so doing they stif
fen tho action of tho horse, hut
strango ns It may seem to ono who
looks on unsoundness as a disease,
tho hock with tho curb Is actually
stronger than It wnB beforo tho curb
was formed. This does not mean
that tho horso Is necessarily strong
er but simply that tho Joint itself
Is. Tho horse's notion and activity
may bo so Interfered with that tho
added strength of the hock may not
bo compensated for.
What Is truo of curb Is truo of
spav)n, rlngbono and sldebone. Eye,
wind and puffed unsoundness scarce
ly fall In the same class, but tho bone
unsoundness are merely danger sig
nals that show whoro the breeder
haB failed.
Tho problem then Is not one of
breeding this class of unsoundness
out of the horse's constitution. It Is
to breed a horso with better mechan
ical strength due to more perfectly
formed joints and heavier bono. It
is not that wo must select against
'unsoundness, but that wo must so
loct for mechanical efficiency. It is
doubtful whothor wo want to got an
animal freo from tho possibilities of
developing spavls, curb and ringbone,
becauso this method of adaptation
may permit sorvlco from a horso
that would bo ruined forovor whon
over strained. What wo do want Is
an animal that has tho mechanical
strength from nn Ideal body. Tho
stock Judgo and breedor Is not, as
many would havo us think, a man
oxpert In finding little blemishes and
fnults. Ho is tho man who, looking
past these, can seo tho mechanical
perfection of everything good. E.
N. Wontworth, Iowa Stato College
Hints on Keeping the Skin Healthy
and Beautiful
Tho commonest form of tho bath
us a beautlfler Is tho bran bath. This
particular bath has tho advantage of
holng lnoxponsivo and ofllclont at tho
snmo tlmo. Tho bran should bo sown
Into a neat llttlo squaro sack of
cheeso cloth covering, and dropped
into tho bath when tho wator Is run
In. Tho water must not ho too hot,
or tho bran will bo cooked and thus
rondored useless, but If warm Is pour
ed on it a croamy mass is formod,
which will render tho skin dollgutful"
ly soft. For those who wish to bo a
llttlo moro olaborato there are Bold
at all chemists and stores iltt'lo
sacks of bran mixed with various
perfumod hqrbs, according to taste,
such a violets, orris root or sun
lower seed.
The milk bath Is not unusual and
it is claimed that It has no rival In
beautifying tho skin. Ono well known
beauty In Paris Is understood to ust
milk for her bath always, and tho
skin of her throat and shoulders la
as oreamy a whlto aa tho liquid she
Is supposed to bathe them with. Of
course, ono would not actually got
right Into a milk bath as ono docs
with water. Tho milk Is applied on
wads of antiseptic cotton nnd the
skin is dried with moro of tho cot
ton. Then, to prevont any stickiness
It is rubbed gently with eau d0 co
logne. French women aro also very par
tial to the uso of alcohol In tho bath.
It is perfumed In somo way with such
scents ns lavender or violet, and
thoso who lndulgo In these baths or
tho bran ones uso soap only once or
twlco a week.
Salt water bathing Is probably tho
most brnclng and tho best form for
tho robust, but In a cllmato such as
ours It cannot bo recommended ex
cept In tho hot months unless tho
bather Is very strong. Thoso who
nro unfortunate enough to possens
very Irrltablo skins will do well to
eschew sea baths a'' cither.
Turkish baths nro much In fin or
with many people, though otln-is
particularly ronch women, declare
them to bo harmful to tho skin, and
consldor that thoso who Indulge fre
quently In these extremes of temper
aturo becomo prematurely old and
injuro tho heart and nerves. Thoso
who do indulge in them, howovcr, de
clare that they glvo a delicious sen
sation of perfect well being and ah
soluto cleanliness, and that ono seems
to tako a now lease of llfo with ev
ery bath. Dellcato people can often
only enjoy a cod bath with safety
after a previous application of hot
nlr or vapor, and In such cases. Tur
kish and vapor baths aro Invaluable
For ordinary bathing purposes
most people uso ammonia or borax,
which not only softens tho water,
but Is Invaluablo for cleansing the
skin. It la necessary however, to ex
ercise caution In tbo uso of these
two articles, for an over doso in tho
bath, Instead of making tho skin
soft and supple, will harden It nnd
mnko It much too dry. Tho best plan
Is to get tho chemist to mako up a
proper mlxturo nnd put It Into a
marked bottle, so that tho correct
quantity for a certain amount of wa
ter only is used.
A lazy liver leads to chronic dys
pepsia and constipation wcakenB
tho wholo system. Doan's Itogulots
25 cents per box will correct tho liv
er, tonic tho atomach, curo consti
pation. (Advertisement)
Tho quickest and simplest way to
rid tho children of dangerous croupy
coughs and wheezy stuffy colds la to
give them Foley's Honey and Tar
Compound. It gives almost Instant
relief and stops a cough promptly.
It soothes and heals. Contains no op
iates. Co-op Drug Co. (Advertisement).
Mexican Citrus Fruit Company,
Logan, Utah
Notice is hereby given that at a
meeting of tho directors hold on tho
20th day of 'December, 1912, an as
sessment of 10 dollars a sharo was
levied on tho calptal stock of the
corporation, payablo Fobruary 1, 1913
to tho secrotary of tho corporation
at his ofllco at Logan, Utah. Any
stock upon which this assessment
may remain unpaid on ths 1st day
of February 1918, will be delinquent
and advertised for salo at pubtlo auc
tion aad unless payment la aiads be
fore, will b sold on ths 21st day
of fobniaryt 1913, to pay Us delin
quent asssssment, together with the
coat of advertising and expense of
Commercial Block, Logan, Utah.
Via Oregon 8hort Line
Tickets on salo Docombor 19, 20,
21, 22, 24, 25, 28, and 31, 1912 and
January 1, 1913, limited to January H
6, 1913. Low rates between local
points. Sea agents for rates and fur- H
thcr particulars. (Advertisement) H
Three quarters of a section ! !
J of dry farm land In Uluo Creek j sssssssssssi
About 30u aces undor cultlva- 'sssssssssssssi
tlon, 200 acres planted and H
growing. Write or on H
Smithficld. Utah 'pH
Bad Roads fe - H
I May prevent driving BSKiPwW I H
j ttVtown but they don't T 94-jfiK. I
j stop communication g& 'Sp-f I M
j if you have a tele- I I H I
f phone. I I r"l ML v,i I H
j Farm life becomes a H
pleasure with the con- (
j venience of town life j M
right at hand. j M
j Ask Our Manager as to rates H
j 2 The Mountain States Tele- .
j W phone And Telegraph Co. j
Special Inducements To 1 M
All Holiday Shoppers . I
Tit Home Drug Store Jt
HI i fsssssH
11 .vivwvwvv i VSSSS
U Unusual Reductions in Holiday Gifts. .A comparison H
III of Prices will convince you. Complete showing of jl H
U Holiday Kodaks and Supplies 1 M
I ' Magnificent showing of H H
I Manicure Sets, Mirrors, Toilet Sets X H
Post Cards Military Brushes I H
Perfumes D H
I And many other useful and appropriate Gifts. Your N H
H presence is respectfully requested at our store III M
II 7. S. Home, 1 I
II The Holiday Drug Store I H
Send - his Gift to the Folks at home or other relatives or out of town Friends j M
Four Full Quarts of Optimist 100 Proof Whiskey Worth $5-00 I I
Two Full Quarts of Fine Old Port Wine, Worth $2.00 I
And we will include Express Prepaid J jH
J On Receipt Of $5 we will ship the 6 full quarts in a neat, plain box Express J M
I Charges Prepaid and we will enclose a beautiful Christmas Card which will bear your B H
I name as sender. This offer is open to persons of legal age both town and out-of-town i 'H
j patrons Until Dec. 31, 1912. j HI
j OPTIMIST is a straight Two-Stamp THE POR T WINEWc offer is a j HP
i Whiskey Guaranteed 100 Proof Aged Swcct winc 0f grcat natural strength i K
in Bond under supervision of U. S. Gov- , n . . I , 'Sat
ttc ait AAnncu-T.-v "urc ''avor and bouquet. f EM
crnment 1 1 S ALL WHISKEY. i
)Lct Optimist 100 Proof Whiskey be your choice for the Holidays and you will be de- J H
lighted with your selection and now is the time to get itbefore the express Companies I , H
j arc swamped with business. ? H
I Price Lists On W'WJf MjW7M C? M?k J?V2410 Washington I
U Application tlJMi& I-?. rUJUn, Ave. Ogdcn, Utah j
f Wholesale Wines, Liquors, Beers, Etc. j ;H

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