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The Logan Republican. (Logan, Utah) 1902-1924, February 27, 1913, Image 2

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M By Samuel Hill
H In eighteen hundred seventy, for-
H ! ty-nlno per cent of tliu population of
H tbo United Slates wero farmers. In
B ! nlnolccn lmmlroil ten, only twenty-
H uovon pur cent were fnrmurH. How
H can wo mnlntaln our form of govern-
H ment? H' putting people on tlio land
H nnd keeping them there. To do this
H wo miiHt furnish them; first, good
H roads; second, good telephone Her-
H vice; third, iiood rural free delivery
H of mall; fourth, good schools; Ilflli,
H a market for farm products.
H The freight rate begins nt tho farm
M hotiso door. Tho Oregon and Wash-
m Ington country Is famed, and Justly
fl so for Us fruit. If tho fruit bo bruls-
M cd In passing over four or llvo miles
M of bad ronds before It reaches tho
M market, It may chango tho qnullty
B from Ilrst grade to fourth grade, yet
H tho ultimate market for which It
H was Intended may huvo been London
M J'arls or Vladivostok. .
M Kconomlcally no country Is bo ox-
M Iravagaut as America. Wo havo had
H In no sense, u distinctly constructive
H jiollcy. Tho United States bus never
H been operated as a business corpor-
B utlon. Wo should iibU ourselves, what
M can -wo mako out of our farms; what
H can wo mako out of our cotton crop,
M our corn crop, our wheat crop, or our
M fruit crop. Wo havo grown to bo a
M great nation almost In splto of our
M selves, but wo havo left too much to
M tho hired man, and tho hired man has
H. not always run tho farm to tho best
m advantage I)y tho hired man, I
mean tbo representatives of tbo pec-
' plo who hnvo hcon sent to frame
M laws under which wo can do bust-
M ncss nnd dovclop tho country. Ho
M has not been a trained man In city,
M ' county, stato or nation building.
M There are- a few Blmpie rules whlci
M wo havo Ignored. Wo want tho bust
operated government, and wo still
pfta havo within our bordora people who
pfta believe as I do, that wo havo tho
M best form of government.
pfta Tho real object of a nation should
pftv bo not to ho rich, but to mako tho
H best quality of citizenship. To attain
pfta this end wo must so shapo things
pft that each person will havo a deflnlto
H Interest In tho country. Tho great
pfta conservative forco In America uas
always been tho farmer. Tho farm-
or has alwayB proven himself ciiual
H to the emergency. At tho Bnttlo of
H Dettysburg tho First Regiment of
H Minnesota, tho majority of whom
M wcro farmers, showed what thoy
H could do, and that regiment still
H holds tho world's record In lighting
H having lost elghty-threo per cent In
H killed or wounded In tho Ilrst thirty-
H llvo minutes.
H Tho great cities nlwaya recruit
H ' their strong men from tho laud.
H Th pro Is no exception to this rule.
H Transportation Costs
Hj Having enumerated what I bellovo
H ' tho requisites to solve tho most Ira-
H J portant question beforo tho American
fl pooplo today, It seems well to olab-
Hit orato and show how tho farmers
H transportation to market can ho
1 Improved. Tho United States leads
H tho world In Its low cost of steam
H ' transportation, three quarters of ono
".' cent per ton por mllo having been
H j for many years about tlio averago
H cost of moving a ton, or tho dallwnys
H ( In America.
H ' No ono knows Just what It coBts
H ' in America to move a ton ono mllo
H on tho highways. We do know that
H 'I it costs moro than thirty cents. Wo
H do know that the Central European
H (-ouutrles move their tonnage for ten
H. cents or less per ton per mllo; so
H . w'o see that tho farmer is handicap-
M" licd ' had wagon haul freight
B rate of twenty cents por ton per mllo
PJ in his competition with tils European
brother. How can wo obviato or les-
HJ sen this unnecessary cost? Only by
M, hulldlng Improvod highways, Tho
J University of Washington at Seattlo
PJ i established tho first chair dovotod ox-
J cluslvely to road building in tho Uni-
M ted States, and built tho first build-
M Ing over marked "Good Itoids" in the
M history of tho world.
m I lie time will como when tho
H money spent nnd to bo spent for
H roads will bo Just as sacredly regard-
cd aB tho school fund Is regarded.
H Somo day tho pcoplo will realize
B that theso funds aro not Intended as
H i a nucleus to form political organlza--
"ons and as a sum to bo spont In
maintaining nnd In furthering per
il sonol political schemes. Tho ono
j great thing today in Amorlcn is odu
PJ Cation, and then moro education. I
do not mean that all theso men who
hnndlo tho road funds nre dishonest.
I I do not oven mean that all aro ut
H , 'prly Incompetent. I do mean to say
H that without some deflnlto flxod plan
fa without Rome standardization, no
Ha permanent systnni of roadB can bo
i , built.
H You can do nothing without Intel-
B llgent org&ntxatlon. You can not
M , k'llln rond without centrallied pow-
, er. The efforts of Individuals aro as
naught. They nro neither equipped
nor prepared for this work. Itoad
building Is a business all by Itself.
It Is Just as dllllcult to build a road
aB It Is to mako a watch. It requires
specialized training. I havo been
studying tho question for moro then
thlrty-flvo years, and feel that I am
only n beginner. And yet, thero aro
legislators who havo told mo they
know all about roads. Tho)' havo
given a day and a half to tho study
In question.
What Constitutes a Good Road
Now n word ns to tho method of
road building, the kind of a road to
bu built, and tho means with which
to do It. So eminent n mail as John
!'. Stevens wroto an nrtlclo which I
published In a book, In which ho
said; "I do not think In nil America
thero oro ten men thoroughly compe
tent In every detail to build n pleco
of thoroughly first class wagon
road." Ho said; "I could not build
n mllo of road myself, yet I would
not hesitate to undertake tho build
ing of a thousand miles of railway
tomorrow." Yet tho reader of theso
lines can on any street corner find
a politician who will tell him Just
how to build nny kind of road.
First, then wo must havo tho
brains to locato and detcrmlno whero
tho road Bhnll bo built. Second, wo
must now tho kind of road to build
to carry tho trafllc which will pass
over it. Ity this I mean It is not nec
essary to build boulevards over which
to drlvo cows. Third, In locating tho
road It Is necessary to mako a
careful survo)' with proper contour
lines, bo as to balanco tho quantities
both by vortical nnd by longitudinal
curvature What do theso big words
mean? Let mo toll you. The first
road I built thlrty-flvo years ago I
covered with sand, then sent a wag
on with a load of hay drawn by a
pair of horses out upon tho road, and
then I saw what you havo nil aeon;
that to rest tholr musclos tho horses
zigzagged back nnd forth across tho
road. Then I saw that tho tractive
power on a highway wbb unllko tho
tractlvo power on a railway. Tho
tractlvo power on n railway roqutrod
n tangent (strnlght line) to get tho
easiest pull. Tho tractlvo power on
a highway did not requlro n tangent
In other words, you could so curvo
your road lengthwise aB to mako tho
man or tho animal take tho obstruc
tion whero naturo put It, and fold
nround tho hill. If you built straight
through and mado u straight line,
you would havo to movo great quan
tities of material, anil when you fin
ished, tho horses would still coutlnuo
to zigzag back and forth across tho
straight road, and tho chauffeur, to
rest his muscles, would tnko n long
swinging curvo and your money
would bo wasted. Again, wo all
know that a pootpath across n field
Is never In n straight lino. Tho main
zlgzngs; If you doubt this, tho next
time, you pass a vacant lot, look nnd
seo how tho path zigzags across tho
lot; or if you aro not satisfied, go
out yourself and try to walk on tho
crack of a cement sidewalk for threo
blocks and seo how you llko it, or
ask any blcyclo rider if ho can not
go fnrthor over n slightly rolling
country In ft day than ho can over a
lovol road. Tho horso can pull a load
continuously over a moderate grado
to better advantago than ho can on
n dull flat road. So balnnco your
quantities by vertical curvnturo. So
much for tho location
How To Guild n Good Road
Now for the construction: If your
survey has been mado ns It should
bo made nnd in passing I might say
that I havo had surveyed In Oregon
ten such miles of road nnd presented
tho survey with my compliments to
tho pcoplo you will bo In position
Mover to pick up n shovelful of earth
until you know Just whero you nro
going to put that shovelful of earth,
and that stono before you lay it down
It Is tho unnecessary labor that costs
It Is not the farmer who tries to push
on tho plow bundle that gets over
tho biggest field In tho day. During
tho lifetime of all thu people who
read this, tho groat majority of roads
must necessarily bo earth roads, and
Just as much caro must bo used In
hulldlng an earth road as In hulldlng
any other kind, because, tho propor
earth road always serves nB tho
foundation on which the top surfaco
of a hard surfaco road Is to bo
placed. In looking over tho ussots
which tho stato of Washington hr.d,
I saw a hitherto uncapltallzed assot
In tho shape of convict labor. I saw
that theso convicts wcro eating tholr
heads off In tho ponttentlnry, and
rusting their souls out In Idleness,
or In planning now schemes to bo
used when reloased and; nsldo from
tho great problom of making men of
theso convicts, I saw that thoy could
at the same tlmo bo utilized ns an
asset for tho stato. Thero 1b no rea
son why any body of men, rich or
poor, convict or freo, should be sup
ported In Idleness. 8omobody must
pay for tholr keep. So about ten
years ago we started the use of con-
vlct labor In making roads, and It is
my opinion that better results can
bo obtained with convict labor than
with freo labor. Did you over stop
to think that It is only tho smart
man that gets In trouble? He thinks
ho Is shrewd enough to evade the
law, nnd If you nro careful to or
ganize your convicts, you havo a
chance to draw from every class nnd
walk In life, becauso a prison Is nil
epitome of the world nt large. In
Washington wo had at ono time a
')ank burglar nnd safo blower for
our powder man who handled tho
our powder man who handled tho
You cannot In your ovory day walk
of llfo get n bank burglar to work for
you. He Is too high priced n man
Tho convicts earned net per man per
day on tho Methow work on the Up
per Columbia In Washington $1.03
for tho stnto; they earned on the
Lylo work In Washington for tho
Btnto $3.05 net per man per dny..
Theso figures wcro based on the
North Hank classification for money
paid for moving earth and rock for
the rnllwny. So I nm heartily In fa
vor of convict labor on roads.
The Question of Ways and Means
Now the question comes up, how
to get money to build theso roads1
In Washington, every four years, tho
stato spends $115,078,000, nnd I do
not hcsltnto to sny that tne great
bulk of this money Is absolutely was
ted. There are only three ways for
tho public to get mono)-: first, when
it is given to them, us In the very
generous gift of S. Uenson who gave
ton thousand dollars, to help build a
road In Hood river county; second,
to secure It by Belling Its obligations
In tho form of bonds; and the third
way to ralso It is by taxation. Tho
objection to a bond Issue ot courso
Is, that tho moment tho bonds nro
Issued, tho interest charges start to
run, and that it makes a fund which
In Improper hands Is likely to be
wasted. Tbo objection to depending
on money for road building by taxa
tion la that the sums so secured aro
so small relatively as to bo frittered
nwny In driblets on small pieces of
road, and tho llfo of soveral separate
ploces of road Is relatively shorter
than tho llfo of a continuous high
way. Experience hnH shown us that all
the trunkllnes of road, whether n
Kastern Oregon or In Washington, or
Wcstorn Oregon or Washington,
should ultimately bo covered with a
hard surface, and with a bituminous
binder. At Mnryhlll, Washington, I
havo finished soveral miles of dem
onstration road to servo ns a model
for tho United States. Whllo It may
bo too soon to speak, I bellovo that,
regard being had to tho traffic, thoso
country roads will outlast any single
block ot paved street In Portland.
I base that statement on tho fact
that tho great North Road of Eng
land built by B. P. Ilooley has been
down for sixteen years. I have pho
tographed It every year for tho last
llvo years and I find no appreciable
wear and tear. Of courso, it Is kept
up by intelligent maintenance. You
can travel over It nnd you find no
dust. Steam lorries or traction en
gines pulling londed wagons pass ov
er this road averaging about 9 an
hour, nnd I do not know of any high
way in America over which you
would dare run an engine However,
I am willing to huvo ono run on tho
road at .Mary bill. In Oregon and
Washington wo are well supplied
with road building material Tho
records havo not been kept In such
n way us to show the cost of tho
roads lit tho country around Port
hind and Seattle, but adding to tho
cost money which has been Bpont on
repairs to these ronds, I feel safe
in estimating that one-bait tho monoy
f-o spent will build a permanent,
Ilrst class, automobllo proof, traction
engine proor, nnd dust proof road.
In saying what I hrve above It Is
not my desire to rolled In any way
on tho men who havo gone before
us, but pioneer days In tbo United
States hnvo gone. The minds of tho
pcoplo nro moro cuntorcd on trans
portation methods than on tho move
ment of ox carts. Tho cost of build-
M1UJ11 Ul UA. UllllB. 1UU CUHl UL UU1IU- I
Ing n good road Is much less than
tho cost ot building n bad road, pro
vided you uie scientific methods In
ono caso and tho rulo ot thumb in
tho other. Did you ovor think why a
railroad Is built Into a country? It
Is to get a portion ot tho tralllc rif
that country, Is It not? Tho rail
road can not get It all, yot mon havo
spent stxty-Qvo thousand dollars por
mllo on tho averago to build rail
ways in America, nnd hcBttato to
spend seven thousand flvo hundred
dollars per mllo to build a good high
wny, yet ojr that highway must all
Iho trnfllc pass beforo It can reach
the rnllwny station of tho wharf.
To sum up then, only two things
nro necessary to havo good roadB;
Ilrst, to educato tho pooplo to tho
nocesslty of such roads, and last nnd
most important of all, to show thorn
hqw efcscntial It Is to build the roads.
When the bowels become Irregu
lar you are uncomfortable and the
longer this condition exists tho
worse you feel. You can get rid
of this misery quickly by using HER
HINE. Tako a dose on going to bed
and seo how fine you feel next day.
Prlco 60c. Sold by niter Dros Drug
Co. Advertisement.
Femlnlno Perversity.
Even tho womnn who wishes to talk
all tho time becomos Impatient If her
husband falls to try to get In a word
now and then.
"Suffered day and night tbo tor
ment of itching piles. Nothing helped
mo until I used Doan's Olntmont. It
cured mo permanently." Hon. John
It. Garrett, Mayor, Glrard, Ala.
To Take Marks Off Furniture.
Wot a sponge In common spirits of
camphor and npply It freely to tho
furniture It has nenrly. If not qulto,
tho snmo effect ns varnish has, and Is
much cheaper.
A Bcnld, burn, or- sevoro cut honli
slowly If neglected. Tho' family thn
keeps a bottlo of BALLARDS SNOW
LINIMENT on hand Is always pro
pal ed for such accldonts. Prlco 25c,
r0c, and $1. per bottlo. Sold by ni
ter Dros. Drug Co., Advertisement.
How do your letters look? X
Don't be Judged wrongly by x
using poor out-of-Btyl9 papers f
when only a slight outlay will f
provld, you with stationery k
that Is strictly correct. 1
T Anything you select from this T
T lino will be correct and here's f
f a wide variety from which to I
9 select. Bo sure to see these
new papers. 1
Riter Bros. Drug Co
W. P. Uroyles made a successful
escape after fifteen years ot suffer
ing from kidney and bladder troubles.
Foley Kidney Pills released him nnd
will do Just tho same for others. He
says: "Thoy cured a most serero
backache with, painful bladder Irreg
ularltles, nnd they do all you claim
for them." Rofuso substitutes. Co
op Drug Co. (Advertisement).
Fine Hee and Dairy Farm, 60 acres, good water right, close to
A Logan, price, $3000. 1 -V
I Six acres young bearing orchard and small fruits, good water
f right on River Heights, price $1800. r
I Dry Farm 160 rxres, some water, small hou-e and out buildings, I
In Cacho Valley, price $20 per acre. ' j
J Ton acres close to Sugar Factory, price $80 por acre. I
I Modern Br' k Residence, close to Temple and College, 8 rooms, lot '
1414x18 rods. Prlco $4000.
Threo nice inodorn framo residences, 4 rooms oich, bath, hot and 1
cold water, up-todate, close In. Prlco $2100 each, J
I Modern Brlcl 4 room residence, close to Agricultural College, 5x0 f
I rode. Price $2100.
Five Building Lots close In, 6x9 rods each. Price $300 to $400. !
I Stewart Real Estate And Loan Co.
! LOGAN, ... - Utah
I Special Offer For Midwinter 1913 j
This Is the time when coughs, colds and kindred aliments to
which human kind are heir, make their appearance. Hero are some
fine seacounble liquors which are used generally In such eases. Their i
Judicious use generally proves beneficial, and hero Is am opportunity
to obtain J
ABSOLUTELY FREE One Bottle Fine Cherry Cordial
express prepaid on f oho Ing: With each order seat ns durlag Jan- j
uary, February or March, 1918, xor 4 quarts, assorted if desired, ot
any of the following;
Rock and Rye, price por 4 big full quarts 94.90
Ruin, price per 4 big full quarts 94.90 I
Comings Monarch Whiskey, price per 4 big full quarts 94.00 i
White Corn Whiskey price per 4 big full quarts 94.00 (
California Apple Jack Brandy, cordlalized, 4 big full quarts . .94.00 j
California Peach Brandy, cordlalized price per 4 big quarts . .94.00 I
We will Include one bottle Cherry Cordial, value 91.00
Total value 99.00 j
Express prepaid on the entire 6 bottes to your nearest railway I
station, for A fifi j
Voir order may bo assorted, but must consist of 4 full quart' bottles j
I Our Great Advance Showing 1
I Of I
I Dress Goods For Spring 1
I The Most Extensive Array, of
1 Weaves, Styles, and Colorings, Whip Cords. 1
Diagonals, Basketweaves, French Serges, Ra- 1
J ines, Novelty Suitings, French Venetians, Mel- I
I rose Cloths. Also a beautiful line for evening
U including Cashmeres, Crepe DeMeteor, Messa-
1 lines, Crepes. Extensive showing of 1
1 Ladies9 Spring Suits I
I And Coats
Bjlll A few days more of the White Sale. Beautiful Embroideries, Laces,
JIUj Muslin Underwear, Towels, Sheeting, Flaxons, India Linens, Long
HI Cloths, Cambrics, Muslins, Pillow Cases
IS 87 North Main, - - - - Logan, 1

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