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LsH 1 sasssssH aH I i pACE TWG . the loga:; publican Saturday, seftoicer isI . if , . EVERY PHASE OF QUES- f , TION IS CONSIDERED , IN ADDRESS BY IN- : TERNATIONAL LAW t EXPERT M ' f (Continued frera Pae One) vi H v 1 ' railed Bpoo in perform Its obligations H ' ve molt not bmlr-n our fair name j, 4 mo maxt n dligrace the memory or 1 ; f onr honored ancestors, nor ourselves. B l Vor onr posterity, by refusal bav-d H J ' on -the plea that the obligations Im- H ; t ' poM-d l merely moral. H j f ' "We mal not Ixtoffl a hli and j $ lTord amottK the nation of the H L earth. If join In the treaty e H i r init kep Its every obligation, no H k riratter what It costs. If we are not : ' prepared to do thin, we muni reject H tV- treaty There la for us no middle m r.ourff of seeming expedience and H oowrdly repudiation. j - It ka come to be the habit of the Hh prniKmenu of the league and of the ' trraty to amtame In their (upport of j It. that the great war ban somehow E chanced human hearts and that we ITlBTiBs) 9 nxw .ntirinr the millennium. Bf MII.I.KXNIl'M Xrr IN SlfiHT H Tlut I need labor no argument to Bl this audience to the point that there 1 are not as yet any distinguishable , jtfgns that the rnllllnnlurn for which E we all look with longing hat come H to H We still find the same old ambl- H i' tion. the xlme old lust for power: m fleirishners Is everywhere, honesty Is 1 :- not the universal role, and disease Hl and death still stalk among us. The i war now ending saw acta of cruelty H , and destruction which Illy comport H ! wtlh 2000 years or Christianity. Ko H nation Is better than Its component M ' members. fl ,( The tre-ity before us displays as H much land hunger, as gTcat a land m crabbing, as any treaty In the hlstorr Bl of the world. WV are today rcry ssssfl ' much what we were two years ago. iYoit cannot legislate rJghteousnewi In to the hearts of people. . ' You cannot bring the millennium ' bjr negotiating a treaty. That will come only when yon have placed the gospel of Christ, with nil Its virtue iBBM j Its sufferance and ltn power into (he fl I heart of nit mankind, fl 1 Cod hasten the day when that time M '. comes, but It has not come yet and M foolish Indeed would we be to blink H our eyes to the stern fact and In pro- M coed as If It did nol exist. m X It Is an elementary principle of H International Jurisprudence that a B treaty of peace proper performs two M functions first, It terminates hoslll- iHH . Hfcea, a4 '. U srovMes fnr payment K Moislte Ur T v-ae-qaisked t tM; rtctor. Indnaitis ntay sm4 MHtally do take iwo forms, Ike payment of a mm of money to the victor and the traeser to him of certain territory It would sot be difficult In view of statements made by proponents of the present treaty to work out a rea son why these various Incongruous elements were sought to be welded together Into one chain, but a discus sion of the Involving as It would a discussion of the motives of those who negotialed the treaty A vlie victor. ne who desires to enjoy the fruits of his vltcory. al wayx tempers his indemnity in as to, create the least possible permanent resentment gainst him. The war now closing Is a monument to Blsmark's forgetfulnexs of this principle. COVKSAXT AXI l-AHOIt The present treaty, however, goe beyond these oifices and contains two matters In large part of extraneous thereto. One of thew Is the covenant for the league of nations which aside from the guarantee of the territorial status created by the treaty, and one or two other provisions Ilterallr lugged into one treaty, has nothing whatever to do with peace with Germany. The other Is that part of the trea ty which creates a world organiza tion of so called labor. Under normal conditions there would have been at least three trea tise Instead of one. It would not be difficult in view of statements made by proponents of the present treaty to work out a rea son why these various Incongruous cleminLs were sought to be welded together Into one chain, but a discus sion of this Involving as It would a discussion of the motives of those who negotiated the treaty. Is, beside our present purpose. I may appropriately at this point call your attention to the parties to the treaty, because an I proceed in mv discussion this matter will become most significant. There are in the first place the principal allied and associated pow ers, that Is to say, the United Stales. France, Great Hrlialn, Italy and Ja pan, the five great powers who have waged this war to a successful con clusion. These together with the other twenty-two powers who signed tho treaty arc in assemblage called the allied and associated powers. Or these other European powers four only, Belgium, Greece, Portugal and Rumania, were In existence prior to this war, the three remaining pow ers, Poland, Serb-Croat-Slovcnc and i .Ciecfco-SloTskta. arc sialw which are to be erected oat of ether atatea ex isting before the war, but by the trea ty dismembered. MAXr SM.U.L KIO.VATOItlKS Another of the allied and ascociated powers I the little republic of Li beria In Africa. In Asia there are China, when she signs. Slam and the Hedjex of Arabia. The retaainlnc eleven of the allied and associated powers are Latin American powers, and Include Bolivia. Braxil. Cuba. Ecuador. Guatemala, Haiti. Hondur as. Nicaragua. Panama. Peru and Ur uguay. I ask yoa to cast up 'this list of all these powers, other than the prin cipal allied and associated powers, and tell me how long the whole of them, with all the men, munitions and finances they could possibly muster against Germany, could stand against that power. I ask you to tell me if you think It possible that they could even per ceptibly delay the onrush of the Jug gernaut of Prussian militarism The very naplng of those powers Is suffi cient proof that the nations slenitory to this treaty on the part of the al lies look solely o the five principle allied and associated powers to hold Germany in check, and of these lat ter powers, the only considerable (power which emerges from this war and upon whom dependence can he placed for the future is ourselves. All others are exhausted and will be for generations by the war we are fin ishing. I ask you to hold this sit luatlon In mind because I shall desire again to advert to It. ' The entire treaty is divided into fifteen parts. Of these the first re lates to the covenant of the league of nations and ths thirteenth to lab or. I The others In their oreer are as , follows: Part II, boundaries; part III. political clauses for Europe; part I IV. political clause outside Europe; part V, military; naval and air claus es; part VI, prisoners of war and .graves; part VII. penalties; part VIII reparation; part IX, financial claus e s; X, economic clauses; XI. aerial navigation: part Xlf. ports, water Jways and railways; part XIV. guar antees; and part XV. miscellaneous provisions. TIIKOKV OK COVKSAXT (The theory of the league coven ant Is this: Representatives of all the 'nations , of the world named In an, annex at tached to the covenant shall meet in an assembly. In this body each na tion may have three representatives but only one vote. However, by vlr- I'tuo of her self governing colonies. Great Britain will have six votes while we shall have but one. In - --jHw-fx arc Gd Tjres H Most Economical H I fy Wear life service mile- values means greater econo- H y i',v age safety comfort. These my less cost of maintenance H J ? are the things that count in less repairs and depreciation, ssssssftv M t H'f; a Car owners who do their Hjj ' These are exactly what you own thinking prefer United H; ' get in United State3 Tires, States Tires. Their merit is B. j general all-round tire satis- recognized everywhere. K'.i iaction. Wa have them a type and B ; This greater total of tire size for every car. H j WE KNOW UNITED STATES TIRES ARE GOOD H I TIRES. THAT'S WHY WE SELL THEM LUNDAHL IRON WORKS, South Main Street, Logan : CfiANNEY-TAYLOR MOTOR CO. Cor. 1st W. 1st N. Logan DBBSSSSSsH' bIbbwAK.' bssHBK la a44KtM ts the aueaibly there f a cwsbcH composed of cine repre eatatives. one for each of nine states jOh representatives to have bat one iT&te. Except where otbenrite ex pressly provided in the treaty, de- ?ctefoES both of the assembly and the "eoBnell must be reached by a uoanl- tmoux agreement of all the member ,of the league represented at the j meeting. I Of the nine members of the coun cil, the principal allied and associat- (eS powers, namely, the United States France, Great Britain, Italy and Ja- (pan compromise five each with one one vote, ending further disposition of the matter In accordance with the (covenant, the other four members of the council are Belgium, Greece. Spain and Braxil. I ask you again to note here that the only effective powers In the coun cil, and Indeed In the entire, league which Is made up primarily of the signatories or the treaty, though oth er states are asked to adhere to the league covenant, are the five princl pay allied and associated powers, namely, the United States. Great Bri tain, Italy and Japan, and wherever 'and whenever decision are taken by majorities and they are so taken as to a number of vital matters con tained In the treaty itself, these five powers control. Again I say they are the sum and substance of the treaty 'powers and as .this shows of the league also. jumsnicTios of both The Jurisdiction of the assembly and or the council is: First, those matters specially referable to each 'under the covenant ItseU, and second. .any matter "affecting the peace or .the world." , . And In passing upon matters affect-ling- the peace of the world, both the assembly and the council determine 'whether the subject matter of a dls ipute Is solely within the domestic Jurisdiction of. the party defendant. ( So that If Japan should insist up on the free entry of her nationals In to the United States and we contest ed It, it would be for the council or the league to detefmine whether the exclusion or undesirable aJenn was a matter of our determination, or whether It was a matter of Inter national concern, and If It were the latter, then they would determine what our course should be In a body Jn which we would have but one vote out of nine or In another body where .we would have but one vbtc out of thirty-two or out of forty-rive, as the case might be. So as to our treatment and protec tion of aliens generally in this coun try, our tariff system and many oth er matters it is not necessary now to enumerate. In addition to the assembly and the council there Is a military com mission with undefined powers to carry out the military provisions of tho covenant. There Is a permanent secretariat for the league with powers of much importance, particularly in connec tion with the labor organization, and a mandatory commission. Of this entire league organization, the council Is by far the most impor tant body because Into Its Jurisdic tion the league covenant puts In the first Instance all matters of prime importance. In other words while the document purposes to create a league In which all nations are equal, yet as a matter of fact It entrusts the fundamentals functions created by the covenant to a group of nine states, five or which nre the principal allied and associated powers I have already named. In this connection I mav In passing remark that neither Itussla nor Ger many nor Austria nor Bulgaria nor Turkey, whose combined populations Include probably hair or the clvlllrect Christian world nnd will possibly reach n nnn 000. has been asked to Join this league. m "" Or the European powers wHo have been asked to Join two onlv are re nubllcs, all the rest nre monarchies, In this le.iguo assembly, when ronstf tutrd. the Anclo Saxon race will have seven votes out or a possible thlrt" t'vo or fortr-flve. In (ho council, the Anglo Saxon race will have two i votes out or nine. In the assembly the vote or the; lleiiiez or Arnbla. or or the represen tative or Haiti, Is equal to our own In the council. Belgium may, when It comes to voting, sneak with nuthorltv as persuasive ns ours. Yet Nhouhi wo go to war under the! league, we must furnish morn mil-1 lions of men than the Hedjez of Ara- Mn or niierln nr Haiti will furnish thousands nnd wo shill fnrnlsli more billions or dollnrs thnn they should! rurnlsh hundreds or thousands. IiAlUVIl OUGAXIZATlOX I A word should also be said regard- Ing tho Inbor nrcnnlrnllon provided j ror bv this covenant. Knch original member of the leneue of nations Is elso n member of tho labor organlza-j tlon, created under tho treaty, which functions throuch flrxt n general con j feronco mndo un or rour representa tive romlnr rrom each member. Or these rour 'representatives, two aro government ilelecat"". one Is nn, employer's or canllnl delegate, and oi" Is a tbor delegnte You will observo that this treatv rorces for the first time In our his ton a formal class distinction con trary in ouf ennstlt'oipn-il nrovtln-i hoiwenn lnbnr on the npe hnnd nnd , ennllal on the other. Under tho prn-j visions of thi iWtimont. the rn(t. nnd labor lleetn toiitt be "in-ir I representative of employers or work i people." nnd the conference has tho kowpi" lo determine whether or not ' ho representative, nt cnnltal nnd Io- 'tor which wo shall send aro those, moR representative or emnlovers or work neonlo" np.1 K hv n two thlrilfli vote Ihev decide that thnv nre not tho delegates, are not admitted, In other words under the provision of this lnhor orennlrntlon, wo. tho. neqnlo or the T'nlled Stales, sneaklm; l through our rnvornninqt mnot ive our own choice or our own delegates,, whother representative, cnnltnl or In-I bor i-inrte. sitblect to tho npproval-of, foreign powers. J "-'ii?'.' '' f"l-M ' laaajBot-yTg . --MfBitsiss A " ' I1T rg I H ! QUALITY F.RST j S Hoi Has Always Been our Motlo 11 Jewelry Repair Work Ol Honest Goods 'At Honest Prices C. M. Wendelboe, Jeweler I S8 H&arr fibst koetu stukbv ijoa. utam JJ k s I jrr- . i XATIOSAJ. liAHOIl OFFICE In addition to this conference, there Is a national labor office head ed by a director, the director being appointed by and the office being un der the control of a governing body of twenty-four persons appoiriteo. twelve to represent the governments, six to represent capital nd six to rep resent labor. Of the twelve government repre sentatives, eight are nominated by i the members of the organization ( which are of the first Industrial Im portance, the other four being nomin ated by members selected for that purpose by the government delegates to the conference excluding the dele gates or the eight members .mention ed above. , Sepaking generally there Is the 'same relationship between this gov erning body and the conference Itself which exists between the assembly and the council in the league or na tions, except that whereas In the council , we. the United States, nom inate the man whom we wish to rep resent us In the governing labor body i we merely Join as a member or the organization In nominating members or the governing' body; and while as one or the nations of the "first Indus trial Importance" we should be one of the eight governmental members on this governing body . yet since seemingly these nominations are to be made by majority vote, it may well turn out that we should have no representative whatever upon this governing body. i, So that this being true, the great powers bestowed upon this governlne body to which I shall shortly advert. I could be carried out against us with out our being in a position to raise even a voice of protest against the same. Nor Is this confined to the govern mental representatives, It applies equally to the representatives of cap ital and the representatives of labor, 'for under the provisions or this treaty as It now stands, both or these find 'themselves obliged to submit to rol lings and actions In the making of which they had no voice whatever, and may find themselves represented by persons not chosen by themselves and whose views, alms aud aspira tions they do not share, and against whose acts they are powerless to pro tect themselves. In other words the subordination of America, Its government, its labor and its capital to alien governments. Is far greater In the labor organiza tion than Is American subordination In the league or nations. 1-OS.srniMTIEK Kl'fH.'KSTKD Perhaps a few words at this point xi regarding possibilities of action, hos- " tile to American labor may joi be out of place. I r Suppose that the people or Japan Uv should desire that we admit her work r men to an equality or treatment Id J all rctpects with our own and that in Jk addition we put In operation In their jH tavor a system or social lnsuraneiKJ In this country, wo having no sucuJn system and desiring to put none l T,sy to operation. Japan may then proceed ns follows v She would suggest the matter lo the ? governing body on which as I have already Indicated we might not be represented either as a. government. 1 or on the part or our capital or la- bor. ; If the governing body considered ' the matter favorably it would put it on the program for the next confer ence to ylilch we might make objec- , tlon, but by a two-thirds vote the conference could override our objec- . Ion and by the. same vote Could draft a- convention for ratification by Ja- . pan workmen in this country equatK of' treatment, and a social Insurant to make good tc deficits of which ' M we might all be taxed. ! This convention so drafted we must submit to the Senate for Its advice force to compel our adherence. Senate voted against the treaty, we j should be under no further obi lea- ', tlon, so far as the labor organization '; (Continued on Pago Three) EPLOQinOlG ' i, Its Easy If You Know Dr.' -Edrd0Uve-TabIets ' 'Tto secret tf keeping yotmgfa to feel young to do thte yoa must watch your liver nd bowels there's bo seed of laviBgasaHowcoBspfcxJon dark rings tmder your eyes rimplea a bnioua look la your faca dull eyes with no sparkle. , Your doctor will tell yoa ninety, per cent of all sickness cosaes.from in, active bowels and liver. f HVr. Edwards, a wdl-kaowa thysidan In Ohio, perfected a vegetable com pound mixed with olive oil to act on the lirer and bowels, which he gave to bk patients for years. Dr. Edwards' Olive Tablets, the substi tute for catomeJ, ere gentle in their action yet always effective. Tbey bring about ', that exubesr,r o Kbit, that natural buoyancy which iiould be enjoyed by everyone, by toning up the kverad clear ing the systein of imparities, Yoa will know Dr. Edwards Olive Tab lets by their olive color. . 10c aod 25c per ibex. All drcggJsts. We Know What 14 You Expect! II OH We know that our furniture is admired. 8 We know that when you are the owner of the kind we sell, you are proud of it. We know, too, that you expect us to furnish " 5 8 the better kind of furniture without the great big price, and knowing that, we 8 ! 0 work harder and harder all the time to j ' 1 keep up your expectations. We haven't I J disappointed you yet. Come in take a vj I peek at the new Kapen Bros, upholstered J furniture, also our new line of bedroom I furniture. ,. , . LUNDSTR0M FURNITURE & CARPET CO. i Logan, Utah and Preston Idaho.