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I HOW DEMOCRATS DO THWB8
H Dreamed They Fathered National Irrigation, but H Facts Show It Was Only a Dream. I - TRUE HISTORY OF REPUBLICAN MEASURE H Federal Aid to Irrigation Originated with a H Republican Administration Fifteen H Years Ago Roosevelt's Per- M sonal Triumph. H The Democratic party would hare the H uninitiated believe that It li responsible H (or all good thltifct. Where It could nut H k? successfully contradicted within n B flven time, it would nut hesltato to B claim the credit for the Decalogue, the H Christian era, the discovery of Ainerlcn, the Declaration of Independence, the nil- H ministrations of Washington and IJn- H cola, the construction of the Panama H canal, or, In fact, any old thins. H The Democratic press now has the H hardihood to openly nssert that the party H of negation and calamity Is resonslblo B for the National Irrigation Act. In J keeping with the traditional revelation H at Its notorious "hindsight" It has ills- H covered that this same National Irrlga- Hon Act of President Uoosevclt's la cnl- B culated to add a new Industrial empire H to the United Stales. It would fain five H thli the "mo-too" accent, hut It Is too H Ute. What are the recorded facta? Let History H The first moTe on the part of the fed- H tral government to reclaim the arid West fl began as far hack as 1889, under Presi- H dent Harrison' Republican ndmlnlstra- H tlon, when a hill was passed by Congress H authorising an Investigation of this sub- H ict with a view of ascertaining to what H -extent the arid regions of the United H 'States can he benefited by Irrigation. H This bill Appropriated $100,000 for topo- H graphical surveys for the fiscal year end- H IngtJune 30. 4880. The money was to H be used under the direction of Major H Towell, the then head of the geological aurrey. H The work was placed under the super- B vision of the Secretary of the Interior, m. and Major Powell was directed to make til report as early as possible. Upon fl Ids report and the recommendations of HI I the Secretary of the Interior, the $100,- HHH 000 was HUppleniented by nil additional HHH ' appropriation or $250,000 by the passage HHH of an act for the further investigation HHH of the arid regions. A committee of HHH-y Senators was appointed to visit the arid HHH, regions of the different Western States HBH 1 and territories, during the summer of W- 1890. It completed Its work of invest)- Hk cation snd made lbs report after having Jm.4 traveled 12,000 miles and baring beeu on Banp- the road fifty days, t Itepiihtlcnn Lend th Way. HHBI, The Itppubllciiu uatlonal convention H licld in 1'liil.tdi-lphla In June, WOO. rc- B- j fcrrcd to Irrigation in the national plat- HBH I form as follows: "In further pursuance J J of the constant policy of the Ucpuhlloaii HHH i party to provide free homes on the pub- HBj lie domain wc recommend adequate Na- " tloual livlstatlon to reclaim the arid BBBJ. land nf the Uulteil States, preserving HHEr the control of the distribution of water J I for .Irrigation to the respective States HHj! , and territories." The Democrats, or BBBJl Course, Imitating and following tho lead Hw-Ji r? of the Uepuhltcan party In all matters BBS of progress, adopted tho following plank BBBB i iii their platform tit Kansas City In July, BBBBf 1000: "We favor an Intelligent system BBBBJ of improving the arid laud pf tho West. BBBBf alnrliig the water for the purpose of BBH irrigation and the holding of such lauds for actual settlers." BBBJ . Uoosevelt 1'rlm Mover. HaJ ' In tils message to the Kitty-seventh 4 ' Congress President Uoosevelt clearly and BBBJj vigorously urged the enactment of legls- BBJ tatinii lu aid of development by Irrigation BBBJ of 'the great arid pnrtious of our cuuti- BBM try. Encouraged by the President's HaT- earnest and vigorous recommendation, BBBJ the members of both branches of Con- BBBJ cress from the arid and seml-nrld States BBBJ met lu the early days of the session, np- BBBJ poluted a committee of one from each of BBBJ he said States and territories, with Sen- BBBJ ifttur Warrm of Wyoming, a llepuhllcan, BBBJ , as chairman, for tiho purpose of drafting BBBJi' an irrigatluu measure. BBBJf This conimlttre Mltored earnestly and BBBlS faithfully, ud dually presented to the BBJj full representation from the West a bill BBk which was accepted by them, Introduced BBBJ in the Senate by Senator Ilansbrough, BBBJ a ItcpubUcan, mid in the House by ltrp- BBBJ rrseutative Newlauds, which bill, with BBBJi aubseauent ameiulmenta, was the fouuda- BBBJ tl'm for tho present national irrigation BpJ BBBJ' On May 11, 1002, lu pre-seiitlng tie bill BBBB to the House Coiigrcssinun New lands re- BBBH ferred to I'rtvsldent Uooscvelt'a mes.sage BBBB on irrigation and quoted the same in it BBBF entirely, thus admitting that the Pienl- BBJi flf ut's influence for tlis measure was the BBBJ Btrougest at that time. i "t 1'resldsnt Alters 11111. BBBJ' 'Tills measure was known as the Hans- BBBJ, brough-Newlands bill, and became the BBJs-r basis upon w Inch ilia committee work BBj. ttss ilone, but as drafted It never became BBBk a law. It was discussed by a self-cou- BBBJ-' atituted committee of representatives BBBJf from all the States concerned, wlitvh met BBBJj' nirly eviry day dunu December and BBB' on Der. S3 agired upon tho form of the BBBji rsilM bill, which, after still rurllicr BBBJ J changes by the Senate committee, pissed BBHI the Senate without revision on March ", BBH 1002. BBBJ tut. In, the form In which It was rec BBBJ oimueuded by tiie gftueral oouimlttee of BBBJ which Mr, Newlauds was secretary, and BBBJ la which it passed the Senate, the bill BBBf jtss uuscreptable to President Uoosevelt BBBj as awarding speculators and larg land BBBJ owners opportunity to monopolize ths. BBB IteJitU of the act. Mr Uoosevelt there- BBB for sent for Ssiiator Ilansbrough; and BBB ItepresiutstlveJ Metcalf, Moody a-nd BBB Itefder", all UenubUoaiKi, who woukl have BBB Cliarte of the 111 lu the House, and warn BBB 4 tfcem that unless changed In certain BBB rssaects as aaould be compelled to veto Bfll BBB ' Tbectimstss th ishart-s. BBl Tks speclflc obsngAs that ha required BBB, trsrs, first, tlut U Sscretary of Us It- terlor should be empowered to withdraw from entry nil lands proposed to bo Irri gated, liiMtciid of only those required for reservoirs and ditches as provided In thi bill; tli.it ik) water should be sold or de livered except to Imiiis fide settlers, ac tually living on the turn! to which the water was applied which was not in the Newlands bill sinil that the words: "but State and territory laws shall gov ern and control the appropriation, use and distribution of the waters rendered available under this act," should be strick en out as virtually subjecting the control of Federal work to State Legislatures, some of which he doubtless believed, but did not my so, to be unfit to exercise such a trust, and as certainly exposing the settlert to the dangers nf endless and ruinous litigation. At the Presi dent's express requirement the btll was amended In these respects and became the law at it stands to-day. Unprecedeute I Force. There had been attempts for many years to get the government to go Into the irrigation business, hut oil failed un til President Uoosevelt took hold of tho project. In his first annual message to Congress In 1001 he called attention to the necessity of providing water for the arid lauds and said: "Tho object of the government is to dispose of the land to sottlers who wllr build homes upon It. To accomplish this object water must be brought within their resell." The national government's policy. hs pointed out, should le to aid irrigation in the several States and territories In such a manner as wilt enable the peoplo lu the local communities to help them selves and as will stimulate needed re forms in the State laws and regulations governing Irrigation, He likewise re minded the I'ast, which wan against this policy nt tho time, that the reclamation and settlement of the arid lands will en rich every portion of our couutry Just as tho settlement of the Ohio and Missis sippi valleys brought prosperity to the Atlantic States. final Personal Triumph. With his accustomed vizor and Intelli gence President Uoosevelt exerted influ ence in this direction on Congress, won the timid and the vacillating over to Ills side, and the Natloual Irrigation Law was enacted on June 17, 1002. That law, be it remembered, grew out of his message of 1IH)1, was enacted by a Itepublican Congress, ably coached by Mr. Uoose velt. The measure became n law with his signature. The Itepublican Nntlonnl Irrigation Act of 100J. signed by Presi dent Uoosevelt, wns a fitting and natural supplement to the Itepublican Free Homes Law of 1802, signed by President Lincoln, To President Uoosevelt, Uierefore, and to him alone. Is due the fact that theru wns any National Irrigation at all in that Congress, and that the law, as enacted, -absolutely protects the poor man and u udera any largo hoiM.ugs of national irrigated land ImKsslble forever. And this is how the Democrats are "rcsiKmslble" for national Irrigation, IteaMutlnns by lluslness Men. At the ninth annual convention of the Natloual Association of Agricultural Im plement and Vehicle Manufacturers, held at Minneapolis Oct. l." to 17, 1002, Uie committee on resolutions reported as fol lows: He' ed. That we eenarstnlste the coun try I lie piisssce of the Nnllonal Irrlsa tlon Art mid riprrss our profound anpre elation of tlie nld and roopi ration of l'res Unit Uoosevelt, and all friends of that measure In the Hennte snd House of Hep rt'seutstlrrs, In srcerlng the passage of that srt. Wr hrllMe this action by Congress insrked the ronreptlou of one of the Brest, est projects ever mnlertnl.ru liy any guv eminent, and that It Inaugurate a new era lu the progrtss of this iintlnu snd the U vrloiiuirut of Its Internal trade anil roin. luene and the enlargement of the home market for nil our iiiiiiiiifMCttires; tint the Irrlgnlde arid lands, hkh are estimated to louiprlsr sn srea of over lisl.Oiu.Uisj sens, tun and should be reeluluieil Just as rapidly as settlers will take tlieni uml re uy the cost to the Koirrmncut of Irriga tion worts built for thilr reclamation. Why Justice Has Not Ilsen Ilone He for. The West has been for years insist ing that some legislation should be in augurated by Congress looking to the re clamation of the arid public lands owned by the government and constituting In some Stites 03 per cent of the area, Ono teason this agitation lias progressed slow ly has been that the portion of the coun try most Interested lu the question is cantliy settled and has not tho Influ ence lu national councils whldi numbers bIt- Another reason was that It was dim cult for those II' ' In humid States to form any proper conception of the Irri gation question, and the Senators and Uepresentatlves from States having .0 direct Interest In the question have been slow to acquire the Information neces sary to bring them to a full realltatlon of its importance. It is not specially strange that so many American cltltens khould bo unfamiliar with this subject. It Is on that does not present Itself In a practical way in the portion of our country which contalus nine-tenths of our entire population. While th arid region Is of vast extent. It Is but thinly settled. It Is estimated that under the National Irrigation Act the West will bs capable of sustaining 80,000,000 po-PU- 'Wall Merited Tribal. In a leading editorial 'In Maxwell' Talisman, George II. Maxwell, one or the best Informed men on Irrigation la th United Ststes ssy's: And tks of this teserstlsa who will Jy tstn bsBslts asd advaataits sod th 1 X. Jwwt-Wy, , I untold and countless millions who will la the resrs snd In the generations to come In habit those lands nix! Its In the homes Mhlch Mill be there created, will owe Hie great boon uhlih will be theirs to the clear sliihteil roiirnue and Inllexlblllty of purpor of President Itonscvelt. It Is not posslhta to explain lu such a way ns to be under Mood lir anyone not familiar with eieiy detail of the sltunllon bow much the friends of the national Irrigation movement owe lo President lloosoirlt for his aid In lirlnclne about the amendments to the Irrigation Mil In this session of I'ongrrrs. Without bis Interest slid friendly Interposition It Is doubtful whether the amendments of the bill could hnvo been accomplished. Had It not been for the President, the friends of the national Irrigation inurement who stsud for home making us against land specula tion, would lime hnd to tight and defeat the compromise toiuinlltee Idll and then be gin all over iiunln. gather Ihelr forces sud make a new start In tho next Congress. As It Is now, the work of the last three yeurs has been preset! cd by the action of the President nnd the bill Is now In such shape that every friend of the bouie-iuaker can heartily support It. An IdenI American. What this country wants now is men not a few of them, but a multitude a vast majority of her citizens who shall be Just such men as Theodore Uoosevelt, of strong and rugged physique, shirking no labor, however h-ird, able to stand the strain nf sturdy Integrity, guided by high civic hb-ils, fttnudlug indexible and Inexorably for the truth and the right. His own words from his nddrcss, "Tho Strenuous Life," may bo taken as the very basis nnd foundation for a new source of philosophy mid tiatiounl policy which will guard ugiint all social din gers If tho peoplo of this country will but heed them: In the last nnslysls, a healthy state ran exist only when the men and women who make It up lend clean, vigorous, brnltby Mies; vi hen the children am so trained tint they shall endeavor not to shirk dlUleultles but to overcome them, not to seek fuse but to know how to Ytri't tiluiuph from toil and risk. The mnn must be glad to do a man's stork, to dare sud endure snd to labor, to keep himself and to keep those dependent upon htm. The woman must be the home wife, the helpmeet of tho home maker, the w!v and sealous mother of many healthy children. Here Is a remedy that goes to the foundation. The words are those of a lender and carry with them a warning and an admiMillioii. Theodore Uoosevelt has coined a word that we should take ns a nnllonal watchword nnd set it up as a beacon light on every hilltop throughout the nation: "Homemaker." METHUSELAHANDTHESPHINX Come all ye Ilryan Democrats, Your peerless leader slinks; Come all ye floated plutocrats, l'orget your former kinks; The bnuticrs float for and you must vote for Methuselah and the sphinx. I Come all ye scattered Democrat That sulk like frightened minks, So lean that we can ace your slats. As hungry as tho lyux; The banners float for and you must vote for Methuselah and the sphinx. Come all ye hopeless Democrats, While Parker thinks he thinks. Climb off the ahlp liko frightened rats, Ilefore the old thing sinks; The banners float for and yon most vote for Methuselah and the sphinx. Chicago Chronicle. Wonts of Cheer forth Deinocracr. It has been given out to the forlorn and drooping Democracy that "Willie Hearst Is loosening up"; that he has been Induced to put in a few thousands to open headquarters for the National Democratic Clubs. Tho hungry know welt that this means that Hearst aspires to be a candidate again, but they are not worrying about 1008 now. Pour years ago Hearst was presi dent and footer of bills for the National Democratic Clubs. The members met. if memory serves aright, nt Indianapolis, expecting to greet their president. Hut he tient one of his hired men to receive the greetings of his admirers. This dampened the nnlor of the crowd, de spite the fact tliat their fare back home was paid. The November election set tled the whole concern, but It seems that the N. D, C. is to be resurrected, what little there is left of Its ashes. Democratic l'lnsnclnt Mnnneemsnt. On the 1st of July, 1802, the last year of tho Harrison administration, tho total bonded debt or tlte United States was, In round numbers, $,VC,(XX),00O. Ou the 1st or July, 1S07, tne last year or the sec ond Cleveland administration, the total bonded debt wns $S 13,000,000, an In crease of 2.S.OOO,000 during four years of perfect peac. July 1, 1802, the nnuual Interest charge on the public debt was ,W)3, 000, July 1, 1807, It was $31.3S7,000, an Increase of $11, -101,000 during four years of Democratic ndmlnlstratlou. A party that ojnnut administer the government during a sliort period of four years without largely iucreislng tlu public debt and the annual iutercl ac count Is not lit to be entrusted with tho control of affairs. Two Indue with Political Taut. Democracy can always bs dependtd ' on to blunder. The nomination of Judge Parker was a blunder, because he re ceived his early political training from D, it. Hill, one of tho most notorious wire-pullers and workers lu devious ways New York has produced. The nomina tion or I), f dy Hcrrlck ror Governor of New Yor., also wns a blunder, be cause he was "1kss" of the Democratic "nnchlno" nt Albany before his election tu the bench. The Albany "uiachluo" )ias a reputation as unenviable as Tammany's. The last few years of Uepubltcan ad ministration have added untold millions to the agricultural wealth of the country by opening new markets for farm pro ducts at constantly improving prices. The beauty of the Itepublican policy or pro tection is that it develops manufactur ing and agricultural interest on paral lel line. "We do not hvtoouess at ear con fictions, and then correct the sues If It scam unpopular. Th principle which n profst ur thos In which wa tille with heart and soul and treiiBtn. Hen anar differ from us bu thy cannot acens us of shiftiness or lslncrttj."-KooutU'a Ittur of so. osptsnt. According to astronomer It I about S3 trllllous of mP.cs, a the crow Bte, from the earth to Alpha Ceutaurl, the nearest flxed star. It Is about the same distance from Kaopus to th Whit Hous by th Democratic rout. - ....;,. .t Mf iisiiriL fc WAGES AND COST OFlH Grotesque Attempt by Democrats to Twist Facts for Campaign Consumption. GROSSLY INACCURATE STATEMENTS Country Is Not in Throes of a Disastrous Business Depression, and Workingmen Continue to Prosper What the Figures Show. Nothing could better Illustrate the In finite rapacity of tho jcinocratlc party for doing the wrong thing at the right moment than Its attempt to outface acknowledged Industrial conditions with tho bald statement of Its campaign text book "that business depression of this J ear Is greater than was that of 1803 mid 180 1." As there arc as many million Ameri can voters as there nre millions engaged in Industrial pursuits whose experience spans the decide, nnd who know this to be most fortunately false, there is no need to waste time In refuting it. Tho Democratic depression that prevailed from 1803 to 1807 paralyzed Industry In every section of the United Status, and Us pinch was felt in every home. The "business depression of ,-.s year" Is so largely a figment of Democratic Imagi nation that it requires a magnifying glass to be seen, and whnt there is ot it is rapidly railing from sight as the prospects or a great Itepublican victory become more certain. Hut the Democratic campaign book is not satisfied with this grotesque gcnerall-z-itlon, so it nt tempts to controvert the Itepublican claim ot prosperous times lu farm, ofllce and workshop with the ns sertlnn that no one is better off by rea son of Increased Incomes, because thu cost of living has Increased dispropor tionately. How utterly and Irrationally nbsnrd Is this contention Is proied by tho tact that If prices were advancing more rapidly than the earnings of the great mass of the people, tho great mass of the people would soon l Irretrievably Insolvent or their purchases won... be so curtailed that the volume of business would be enormously reduced. There is no possibility of making a scientific comparison of uie relative In crease In wages and the cost of living, because they are controlled by different factors. The rate of wages Is controlled by Industrial conditions; the cost of llv inr Is controlled by the individual. No man can fix his income nt will; any man can limit bis expenditures. Let condi tions provide sufficient wages to the worklngman, and it rests with him to say by what margin he will live within his Income. The larger that income the larger his possible surplus. If better wages breeds extravagance, the result. In the language of Mlcawbcr, Is misery; It they are expended with economy, the result Is nn accumulation of wealth and happiness. CnnvliiclnB Testimony. Good times under llepuhllcan admin istration has provided tho bettor wages, nnd tho economy of tho American peo ple has piled up the means of content ment nnd happiness, as is evidenced by the following statement nf the number of depositors nnd deposits In tho savings liuks or the United States for the eleven years from 1S03 to l!lu.t, inclusive: Year. No. Depositors. llcposlts. IHM s.tm.VIO $t.7t-,.f.Vin-,7 1-1I 4.7T7,fi.ST 1,T47,0R1,'.'SU tvea 4,S7.Vil(l l,Nln..v.i7,ir.':t iv n.tsn.tll l.d07,l"n,277 imit n.snt.i.f.' i,!ii'i,:t7n.ii.Ti tff.S n.KS.1.7111 2,llll-..ltll.VtiS imo s,(;s7.mr s.'JSii.r.r.n.tni ttso aio7.ns:i vu'i,.-i7,n.-, Hsu o.n."i.72:i 2..v7.i..vi 1IKC O.CIJM.nT.J 2.7.VI,I77,V!I0 l'joa 7,3n.V.'.,S S.U35,su.s- The Democratic depression of 1803 nnd IS) I, to which the campaign book Inadvertently directs attention, wns marked by a falling oft lu deposits of over f37.000.000 iu one year. Iletween 1803 and 1003 the average due each depositor Increased from ?3l0 to $117, More significant than the increase in deposits is the fact that In 1003 ther were 2,474,fi!IO absolutely new savings bank depositors in the United States, marking nn Increase of nearly 00 per cent, during a period when th total population only Increased "I per cent. Cot. Wrlnht'a riiinimnry. Turning now to tho direct comparison nf the advance In wages nnd cost of liv ing during the period under review, the Democrats nffert the greatest contempt for tho government statistics, which, under the able, conscientious and uu biased direction of Carroll D. Wright. I present tho following Instructive summary: These figures present tho results of an extensive investigation into the wages nnd hours ot labor lu th leading manu facturing and mechanical industries ot the United Stntes during the period nam ed. It has designed to corer thoroughly th principal destluctive occupations, nnd Mr. Wright, In submitting It (see Uulle tin ot the llurcati or Labor, No. 53, July, 1001,) say: "It i believed that the data presented arc more comprehensive .and representative so far as the rnanu factuting and mechanical industries are concerned than any that have bun fcr tofore published," The 6fures a to income and expen diture or aummarised from data gath ered from 2.507 families, in 33 States, v hose nversre-Incom from all sources was $027 a year, whose avtrig sipsn dltur wa $7. and who avsrag expenditure for food was $320 per fam ily, or 42.51 per cent, ot the nvernge expenditure for nil purMises. This data was corroborated by other information iu less dct nil form, from tXi.-llO families, nnd so Is entitled to be accepted as rep lesrntntlve. The most cursory examination or the above table reveals the fact that the purchasing power of wages, measured by retail prices of food, was 5 per cent, greater In 1003 than In 1803, and this iu spite of the fact that the hour per week had been reduced 3.7 per cent. Itut more conducive to the wide dls ccmlitatlon of the prosperity than these proofs of tho Increased purchasing pow er of wages, is the fact revealed in the column giving the relative number of person employed In the establishments investigated, ltotween 180-1 nnd 1003 the Increase lu the number of employes re ceiving theso wages with Increased pur chasing power was 31.3 per cent., whllo In the meantime the population of the United States ouly increased 21 per cent. Democracy's I.ust Kesort. Disheartened and disgusted with the wide distribution of prosperity in the homes, workshops nnd bank nccounts of American wage earners, demonstrated by these figures, the Democrats appeal to "railroad labor as affording the most ac curate barometer of wages." Here, they say, "a large proportion or e employes aro union men, whose wages are com paratively steady." Then the compilers or the Democratic campaign book begin to Juggle with the very averages and percentages they af fect to despise. They institute compari sons between 1802, when railway wages were at high tide, and 1001, when they had scarcely recovered from Democratic recession of 1803-1800. They suppress the fact that the statistical average of railway wages was less affected by the Democratic hard times than the nvernge of other industries, for the obvious rca son that as forces were reduced In num bers the proportion of high priced em ployes retained because of their experi ence was greater. They also conclude their comparisons with the year ending June 30th, 1002, well knowing that the statistics ot the Interstate Commerce Commission for that year only reflect a month or two of the advanco In railway wages of that calendar year, which did not reach flood tltlo until July, 1003. Not until the rtntlstlcs of the Interstate Commerce Commission for tho year 1003-1001 arc published next summer will It be pos sible to make an authoritative compari son of the wages or railway employes nnd the cost or living In the year 1003. Bat the report or the Commission for the fise.il year 1003 is available, and it furnishes the following data, which throws light on the rich slice of pros perity which has fallen to the share of railway employes: M'MrtKK AND rOMPHSRATION OP ItAIMVAY i:.Ml'I.OYES IN THU YEAItS 1S)7 AND 1003: Yrsr. Number. Compensation. 10OI 1.312.MT $77-'.SJ1.4t.1 1SD7 SJ3.t;0 4(W.U01,.-,1S Increase 4S.O01 3O9,710,R,1l Imrr.ise per cent.. C0.4 C0.5 lurrraso nf compensation relatively over number 7.1 That this relative Increase of compen sation, compared with that In the num ber of railway employes, does not tell the whole truth Is proved by the follow ing table: AVmt.UlK DAILY COMPENSATION OP OKIITAIN DISTlNtTIVi: CLASSES OP ItAILWAY EMl'I.OVKS foil Till: YIIAUH i:NII.N( Jl'NH 30TJI. 117. AND 1903 (vble slitientti snmial report of the stnllitles of mllnsys In the middle btatcs for 1S03, p. 43.) Dally Compen- Increase avernt entlnn per Ctais. Ii!i7. HKI3. cent. r.uginemen t:iai 4 m n.o rircmen 2.IH 2.2S 11.2 Conductors 3.07 ail 10.1 Other trainmen 1.00 2.17 14.2 Section foremen .... 1.70 ITS 4.7 Other trackmen 1.10 1.3J T3.S U lint the Klmire Pros- It will be observed that these six dis tinctive classes of railway employes, em bracing almost halt or all the railway employes In the United States (501,47.1 In 1003 against :'.03,5r3 in 1S07) were receiving an average dally compensation Course ot employment, wages, hours of labor, weekly earnlurs and retnll prices of food, and punhaslug power of weekly caniluga relatively to pilrcs of fucd 1MU 1003. (Ilclstlv number computed on bssls of averag for ISOn-lSftO-tOOn.) Hetull I'ur. power Employe Hours per Weekly prlees weekly irngrs Iteliillv week, rtlutlv earnings of fond rel. to pries Yesr. Number number retail! r. reUtlve. of food. lhTl tfl.1 lr2 1012 104.4 Oft.0 1H1U 01.1 008 07.7 0'7 PRO trlfl MJ 100.1 0S4 P7S 111011 IS0I1 US 3 W., KiS PV3 104.2 1!I7 1000 !). D!I2 0U.3 llXt.o 1RU1 1IW.3 W.7 1000 0S.7 Ml 3 I MM 1IU.0 K12 1111.8 Wl.,1 Jill 7 10c 113.3 0S.7 1011 ion.1 1030 11)01 110.1 0.t llVi.O 1U.-I.2 lixi.7 llS.i 1--M.0 07.S 100.3 110.0 HSfl 1D03 1-U.4 t0.O 112.3 1103 101 S during the year 1002-3 more than 10 per cent, greater than during th year IS'.)!! 1807, Morcmer, It la a notorious fact that the averages do not begin to rep resent th Increase In the earnings of railway employe during th slimmer of 1003, wheu the rat or pay or certain classes was raised from 10 to 15 per cent. In that year, too, there were 227,012 more persons employed In the six classes named than lu 1807, and according to the Interstate Commerce Commission they were receiving Uie Increased dally aver ag pay where they received nothing lu the year last named. Finally, returns gathered from th an nual report for the year ending Juno 30th, 1004, of eight representative rail ways In different parts- ofths country, I having a total ralleag ot 10,587 miles, Indlcat that tb oompeasatlsa t Ueir employes has increased more than 10 o cent, over the year previous, while t number of their employes has remained practically stationary, as is shown In th following table: Number and compensation of emplise t eight representsllvs rsllwsys: rar ending Cerjpeae- JiiusUO No. employes. Hob 1POI lOI.HII tOA.40O.M1 1003 lUJ.bDl 60.2S3.OM7 Increase .'. 453 6.210,870 Ineresse per cent... 04 10 Here at last we see truly reflected the effect of the horizontal raise lu th wag of railway employes made aa th rssuh of the widespread labor agitation la th summer nf lOU'l, The advance wa luriously estimated at the time is from 12 to 15 per cent., and any statistics that fall to show It must be distorted by the Introduction of some factor, such ns u dlsprcqiortion of low price Ubo tending to reduce tho average. Iu connection with the ahov proof of the 10 per cent, advance In railway wages in one year, it nhould b remem bered that the decline lu price bgu in 1003 continues. If tho Domocrats ar willing to ac cept the pay ot railway labor a th most accurate barometer or wages, th Re publican party can call to th witness stand 1,312,337 railway employes t testify to the tact that, measured by what It will buy, their Incom ot 1004 is higher than It was In 1S07, and near ly hair n million or them can truthfully nfllrm that they received no compecs tlon whatever In 1807 where, according to the above system or average compen sation, they now divide some $275,000, 000 among them, or about $503 apltc. KILKENNY HARMONY. That I tli Kind that Prevail Aon New York Democrats. Not aince the traditional cats ot Kil kenny wcro hung across a line by their tails has there been such an amusln harmony or mibdued discord a I heard iu New York, now that Judge D, Oady Hcrrlck has beeu nominated by tb Dem ocrats for governor. Judge Parker want ed Ddwanl M. Shepard, or District At torney Jerome nominated for governor la order to galvanize his campaign into th semblance of life. David It. Hill wanted John 13. -Standi-field, because Stjuchtleld best represent ed the organization outside of New York City, to which Mr. Hill owes his ascend nucy In the State Democracy, Mr. till) had no use for Derrick, who, as Demo cratic boss or Albany County, baa bee a thorn in his side for year. But, It is ald, he accepted Herrlck and pul him In nomination on th principle of the aalexmnn who sold a coat marked $15 for $10, on doubtful credit, bcaus he would lose less it the bill was nevt paid. Hill will lose less In Herrlck' defeat than if he had succeeded in Domi nating his friend Stanchfield. Senator I'atrick II. McCarrtn, th Brooklyn boss, to whom Judg Parker owes his nomination, wanted Comptrol ler Grout nominated, and for a Urn h had Mr. Hill's ostensible support for Grout. Judge Parker and Hill went back nn McCnrren; the former to placate Charles i Murphy and Tammany, and the latter because h couldn't help him self. Tammany accepted Herrlck because I was willing to accept anybody who stood for the discomfiture ot Itoss McCarren. As a tomahawk in the hands of Charles F. Murphy with which to dispatch Mc Cnrren, D. Cady Herrlck would serr Tammnny much better than either Shep ard or Jerome. Itestdes, did not Judge nerrick's career on the bench present sterling claims oa the admiration and necessities of Tata many? His abuse of his Judicial posi tion to the political exigencies In Albany is nlong the line of what Tammany con siders the higher walks of politics. More over, has he not practically pardoned as olllcinl blackmailer and protector ot dis orderly houses by Imposlnc a paltry fin of $1,000 ou the notorious police Captain Diamond? a etrokc of judicial leniency toward corruption In New York City pe culiarly attractive to Tammany. It -i would o act as Judge, what prodigies of clemoucy to "good mtn" might be not perform as governor? So Tammany drop ped Mayor McClellau and swallowed Herrlck and his record with genuine rl lull and noisy gusto. Not so, however, the Democratic prat ot New York City. The WOULD take Its medlcln with evident nausei; th TIM US turns Herrlck' picture to th wall and fixes Its gazo on Judge Parker, with the reflection, that ou honorable nomination In four years is as far as th New York Democracy can be expected t pander to the mmewhat blunted moral sentiment of its constituency. Tb EVUN1NG POST openly repudiate Herrlck, saying that a proper regard tot Its own reputation forbids giving his the negative support of silence. Prom this brief re-sum it may b gathered that the elements ror a harmo nious Democratic campaign in New York nre all that could be desired from a Itepublican point of view. I'urker' Admission. Judge Parker's letter of acceptanc stands pat on Itepublican achievement, but coyly admits that Its writer would be a safer man at the Natloual throttle than President Uoosevelt id long a a Itepublican Senate sits on th safety alve. If the protective tariff la "rob bery" he Is willing to turn sneak thlefj If we burglarized Panama he I willing to keep the stoleu goods; If order No. 79 lets down the bars for n pension scandal he will revoke the order, but let tb bars remain down Just the same. It 1 a very pretty confession that the Repub licans have administered th government so wisely, diligently and effectively that they deserve n vacation, while he trie his prentice hand at running It withoai reversing a eilugle lever. l'rnls from n Democratic Newspaper. The New York Times, on ot tb Democratic newspapers which ha bee denouncing President Uoosevelt' Philip pine roller, recently printed an editorial leader on the settlement ot tb Friar' land question. The article concladssi "It Is creditable both to the intelligence nnd the humanity of th government." If the Times was less partiaan it coula truthfully ay that every act of tb Uoosevelt administration in dealing wlta th Philippine questioa wa crsdlukl to th United States. s "Th expenditure of the Nation aava been msnaged In a spirit of eeoaenr a far remove from watt from nlajacardtlnsssl and In th futarvry Sort will b continued Is iKuresa coaon7 a strict I calstnt wits. mcUncfV-HMieveli's letter t MtetUit.