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LETTS TO PLEAD FOR NATION AT PEACE TABLE
PETROGRAD, Oct. 29. — The birth of a new nation of 2,600,00b people, or a population greater than that of Norway, to be called Lett land, will be one of the results of the world war If the demands of he Letts of Livonia and Courland are granted. The people living in the former Russian Baltic provinces are chaf fing under German domination forc ed upon them by Prussian rifles and will plead for the right of self-de termination before the peace con gress that ends the war. Letts pre dominate in Livonia and Courland and have a distinct language and civilization wholly unlike those of the Esthonians. The Lettish language is closely related to the ancient Aryan and is regarded as one of the oldest of * European tongues. It is rich in folklore and popular legends. Lett ish theaters are maintained at Riga. Libau and several of the other larg er rHles. The Letts boast many novelists, playwrights, artists and musicians and hold aloof from the Germans. In all the world the Letts number about 2,000,000. The territory in which Letts predominate, and which they insist should be set aside for them to govern, embraces Courland. Livonia and several districts in the western part of the Russian govern ment of Vitebsk, including the dis tricts of Dvlnsk. Luzine and Rech it ze. The total population of this pro posed government to l>e called Lett land is 2.600.000, about 150,000 less than that of Denmark. The area of the proposed Lettland is 62,225 kilometers, which is one fifth the size of Italy or Great Brti ain and 50 per cent larger than either Switzerland or Denmark. The Letts comprise 68 per cent of the population they want to govern. The Russians make up 12 per cent of the inhabitants and the Germans seven per cent. The remaining population Is chiefly Jewish and Polish. Seventy-seven per cent of the Letts are Lutherans. Eighteen per cent are Roman Catholics and the remainder Greek Catholics. Sixtv-six per cent of the Letts re siding in the proposed Lettland can read and write. Riga.* Libau and Windau, the three Baltic sea ports embraced in the Lettish territory formerly han dled almost dne-half of Russia's total import and export trade and are of prime commercial import ance. It is the desire of Letts to have their independence under an inter national guarantee of neutrality. A national council has been organized to resist all movements to make a German principality out of Cour land and Livonia. This council is urging that Russia’s inability to de fend the Baltic coast makes it im perative that it should be protected by international action and kept clear as a pathway from the west to the east. ROOSEVELT SAYS PRINCIPLES OF WILSON ARE CLOUDY OYSTER BAY, Oct. 25. — Col onel Theodore Roosevelt, in tripli cate telegrams to Senators Lodge, Poindexter and Johnson, character izes as thoroughly mischievous the 14 principles enunciated by Presi dent Wilson, if they are to be made the basis of peace. He says the language of the 14 points and subsequent statements explaining or qualifying them is neither straightforward nor plain, but is capable of many construc tions. The colonel declares the only peace America should consider at this time, if the offer is accepted, is the same terms given Bulgaria. He also dcelared that war on Turkey should be declared immediately and the Turks ultimately driven from Europe. WHAT IS TO BE DONE ABBOT THESE THINGS? This wearing of “flu” masks proposed by Dr. J. L. McCarthy, while it is unquestionably the prop er trick, has disadvantages. Suppose a man has a beak like an anl eater; then what? What is to prevent the “flu” bugs from climb ing down in the space between the nask and his cheeks? Would not a special type be necessary for some prominent noses and citizens? Then how is a man to know his wife and how is his wife to know him when they both are in Jesse James attire? What is the man who always has a cigar in his mouth to do and vnat are the tobacco chewers to; ric V Here is work for gauze carpenters and plumbers. Here is work for sign painters. Here is work for Tr. McCarthy in explaining what is to be done in these instances. , Are the strings of the nose bags to be worn over or under the ears ! and. if they are to be worn over the ears, how will a bald-headed n.nn whose head comes to a point 1 eep the strings from going ‘‘over the top?” WOULD ALMANACS TV’liune Stationery. Store “STOP THIS WASTE OF MILLIONS,” SAYS TIRE FILLER INDUSTRY Tire'FtlHn# tfstioit onIfeUfl-n JVcwf [Frank D. '"5bt'W'&rd,-//" Ofd+w-rvce- Trucks otv Filled Tvres1 C an you beat it, “Air costs too ■ much” an association of tire filler 1 manufacturers says in a call for a convention soon to be held to take up on the heels of the new govern ment rule, another war-time waste which runs into millions. Efficiency and war-time thrift demand that the enormous loss due to punctures .and blow-outs of air-inflated tires be stopped. “Cast-off casings representing a vast amount of money wasted can be and should be conserved,” heads of the association declare. By discard ing air for a standard filler thou sands of miles have been added to truck and passenger car tire mile age, and reduced their upkeep in labor and money by a large percent age, according to 30,000 satisfied users of better-than-air fillers en 1 rolled and ready to back up argu ments to federal and city govern ments and to industrial and com mercial houses which are now com plaining of labor shortage and de livery charges. “Whole regiments of men are em ployed needlessly to repair punc tures and blow-outs,” said Frank i>. Mayer, the moving spirit of the as sociation. “Every conceivable test of tire fillers has been made in the Chicago Essenkay laboratories or in road service. The standard tir * fillers are now well tested anl others should become known as bo gus. When there is a substitute for air no general can afford to send trucks forward subject to punctures or blow-outs, neither can shippers with rush orders in hand. Right now air as a tire filler costs this coun-j try untold millions annually ant our association will mobilize car owners to use filled tires that the waste of time, money and temper,] caused by air-infiated tires, shall I stopped.” HEM TEUTON IK cm ». S. SOLDIERS Arrival iu France of Convoy of Transports Is Imposing Sight I DESTROY KRS tU'ARI) SHIPS FROM ATTACKS BY U-BOATS Kill l ance to Harbor Often Made in Darkness to Avoid Sub marines AMERICAN NAVAL BASE IN FRANCE, Oct. 28. — The latest convoy of American transports ar rived at noon today, and it was an | inspiring scene to sec this proces- i sion under the bright midday sun, ! with a stiff breeze whipping the flags, the decks crowded with j American soldiers and the piers and j castle walls black with cheering people, as the fleet moved majestic ally past the capes to the sheltered inside harbor. Often the entrance is under cover of darkness to cheat the submarines which have appear ed of late off the harbor mouth. But the entrance today was in broad daylight so that the whole city had a chance to turn out and see the sight. It-was just 11:40 when the first destroyer was seen on the silvery water out between the capes. At that distance, three miles, it looked like a speck as it turned the capes, leaving a thread of smoke behind. This was the scout ship, far ahead, piloting the way and on the lookout for any danger along the path. It came straight into the harbor, its work done, while the main fleet, keeping compactly to gether, began to file between the capes. Ahead was a large destroyer with four stacks, and behind it on either flank two other four-stackers. This was the forward protecting barrage of destroyers in a great arc. Now a huge prow pushed out be yond the white cliff of the cape and grew gradually, towering decks, funnels belching smoke, and then the mammoth hull of a 20,000-ton transport, formerly a German trans Atlantic liner. Soon another ap peared. another former German lin er, and then still another German liner. “Off to the right of the big ships was a line of destroyers, the star board barrage, and to the left an other line, the port barrage, and astern was another line of destroy ers forming the rear barage. Thus enveloped, the big ships passed into the anchorage, the destroyers drew off to their buoys and soon lighters were alongside bearing ashore this new consignment of many thousand American troops. It is a scene oft repeated now day after day and night after night, but often as it is, it is always a stirring sight, and one which makes the blood tingle as these thousands of fighting men pour out of the west. K VOX ('HAROES WILSON WITH PARTISANSHIP WASHINGTON. D. C., Oct. 29.— Senator Knox, in an address charg ing the president with political par tisanship. protested against any peace terms dictated by Wilson alone and not representative of American public opinion through the senate in consideration of the peace treaty. ■pus A1 SI. MIKIEL WEREELE6ANT All Comforts of Home Found by Americans in Captured Dugouts KXKMY EXPECTED TO OCCUPY POSITIONS FOR LONG TIME Electric Lights, Steam Heat and Wine Cellars in Officer*’ Quarters WITH THE AMERICAN* ARMIES IN THE FIELD, Oct. 25. — All the comforts of home, with some added luxuries, were found in the dugouts and living quarters which the Ger mans were forced to abandon when the American troops smashed through the St. Mihiel salient and took the territory which the Ger man army had occupied for four years. Running water, electric light, s.‘e>m heat, tennis courts, bowling alleys, swimming pools, pianos and4 wine cellars were some of the up to-date conveniences which Uncle Sam’s “moppers-up” that followed on the heels of the rushing Ameri can soldiers found in some of the quarters of the German officers. The more elaborate quarters were located in the thickly-set woods which abound in this part of France, and most of them repre sented the work of four years. The majority of them were of elaborate rustic construction and usually had shell-proof shelters connected with them. Furniture and decorations taken from the French inhabitants of neighboring villages formed the principal interior equipment. One of the most unique of these officers’ quarters was located in the little village of Euvezin, about 20 miles from Metz. There were two tiers of rooms with broad balconies in front and all lighted by electric ity. In the lower floor was an elaborate sitting room, containing richly upholstered furniture, a pi ano, oil paintings, inlaid tables and beveled mirrors. This apparently was the headquarters of a big of ficer, for in it were found many maps, plans and a telephone switch board. Outside was a bowling alley and a small swimming pool. At one side was a wine cellar well stocked with apple wine, beer and other beverages dear to the German heart. Immediately ad joining was a shell-proof dugout, 40 feet deep and capable of holding CO men. Next to this was a shoemak er’s hut, where a number of wo men’s shoes and slippers were found, indicating that the Germans had women in their trenches. High er up in the woods was a vegetable farm, and overlooking all is an ob servatory, which gave a surpassing view of the country for miles around. Everything was confusion. Uni forms. rifles, pots, dishes. books and all kinds of military parapher nalia were heaped about everywhere, indicating that the Germans had fled in great haste. That the Germans expected to oc cupy this territory for a long time is indicated by the character of their trenches. In many cases these were of concrete and equipped with almost as many conveniences as a dwelling house. Some of them had running water, telephone communi cation. heating stoves and piped drainage. ADVERTISED LETTERS The following is a list of un claimed letters in the Goldfield, Nevada postoffice remaining un called for up to and including the week ending October 2G, 1918. Please say “advertised” when call ing for same. Mark Averill Morlun Angelo John Briggs Walter Clark Nora Devlin Wm. Floyd Liebis & Goodfriend Hanson, Chris Hanson, W. C. J. Gunner Joley Mrs. C. A. Jones R. McLean Vido Mikovich S. A. Motiroe Oliver Owens Arthur Rockwell Henry Rosengren Or. C. J. Richards Dr. S. Southworth Alldn Sunberg Mrs. Geo. W. Walker HELEN ROSENTHAL, P. M. DR. M'CARTHY SAYS PEOPLE DIDST WEAR MASKS Dr. J. Ij. McCarthy stated this morning that the Lyric theater would close after tonight owing to danger of influenza and that no one would be permitted to attend the dance to be given tonight for the people of Fish Lake valley unless wearing a mask. The doctor set the fashion himself this morning and looked well. He also stated that if the people i would not take seriously to his sug gestion that masks be worn an or dinance would be passed on Mon day compelling them to do so and imposing a fine for appearing on the streets without one. He said that, while stocks of gauze were low, it was not neces sary that the masks be made of gauze and that many other ma terials are available. He have the impression that even if it were nec essary for a man to cut up his best shirt, the best thing to do will be to secure a mask of some kind in a hurry, because he said all those who do not do so voluntarily will be compelled to after Monday. The Red Cross is making masks as rapidly as possible. Starting Monday morning all school children and teachers will be compelled to wear masks. Superin tendent McKeown said this morning that children who appeared with out masks would be sent home. DRAFT CALL ISSUED FOR OVER 24,000 MEN IN CAL. SACRAMENTO, Oct. 25. — The governor has been instructed to pre pare to entrain 24,957 California draft degistrants during November and December. It is indicated that similar calls will be made in other states for quotas equivalent to 12 per cent of the total Class One men registered in September between the ages of 19 and 36. CHARLES F. MAUSER DIFS OF INFLUENZA IN SAN FRANCISCO Charles F. Mauser, one of thw most widely known men in Gold field and a proimnent member of the Elks and Odd Fellows, died at 5 p. m. yesterday in San Francisco of pneumonia folloiwng an attack of Spanish influenza. Mauser left Goldfield a short time ago to enlist in the army, but shortly after he went to San Fran | cisco enlistment was closed and, after he had made many efforts, his application was finally rejected di rect from Washington. He then accepted a position as claim adjust er in the office of E. Hickman, au ditor of miscellaneous accounts for the Southern Pacific railroad and held that position until his death. He became ill last Saturday, but thought little of it. On Tuesday his condition was much worse and at that time Speed Barnes and Charles Mullen, who lived with him, were unable to secure medical at tention for him or to place him in a hospital. On Thursday a tele gram was received by the Goldfield lodge of Elks that he was getting the best of attention, but from then a series of telegrams told of the seriousness of his condition and during the past few days it was feared that death would result. William F. Mauser was born in South Bethlahem, Pa., and was 39 years of age. He started in the railroad business in the office of the freight claim agent for the Le high Valley railroad in Bethlehem in 1897 and remained there until 1908, when he was brought to To ] nopah by R. S. Titlow, auditor for jthe Tonopah & Goldfield railroad.. ! He was employed in Mr. Titlow’s ; office as freight claim adjustor and ■ held the position of chief clerk ; when he left here, having been pro j moted to that position in 1912. His parents are dead. He has two older sisters and three brothers, all living in Bethlehem. The funeral was held this after noon in San Francisco, interment being in the Elks’ cemetery. THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER Oh, say, can you see by the dawn’s early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming, Whose stripes and bright stars, through the peril ous fight, O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there! Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave ? On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silenee re poses, What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam In full glory reflected, now shines in the stream. Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave. O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave? And where is that hand who so vauntingly swore. ’Mid the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion, A home and a country they’d leave us no more? Their blood has washed out their foul footstep’s pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight or the gloom of the . grave: And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. Oh. thus he it ever, when freemen shall stand Retween their loved home and the war’s desola tion : Rlest with viot’rv and peace, may the heaven-res cued land Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just. And this he our motto. “In God Is Our Trust.” And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!