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onKirkAV MORNING OCTOBER 1, 1922 1
2 THE OGDEN STANDARD-EXAMINER SIINDAYMORNIINU, ut I 1 Ji The War Brought About the Emancipation of the Turkish I I ' -MSk Women and the Abolition of the Harem, but Now After a 1 In III III IfflWW 1 I iff Taste of Occidental Fashions the Sultan Has Decreed 1 hat j I Ifi 1 '? e Fair Flapper . 1 I hair have been in vogue b H . j Turkey since the war, but , I - 5 j W , the Sultan doesn't like them BSt K V HRPl or his countrywomen's T j y.'M ? j Hfej ish women must revert to I ' 1 fL' " ' fB long pants and veiled faces rsK 11 lifli faced with the alternative of going to A i Vt:. ?$' f "Si J ' 'ill'f 1 IrTHE flapper must go!" exclaimed I the Sultan of all the Turks, male and female. The flappers of Constantinople and Pera and the other place3 where Turks live and dio gasped, for since the war their tribe had grown and multiplied until the veil which formerly hid the faces of Turkish femi ninity had become de trop and obsolete. And now a special ukase, or irade, has been issued by the Sheik ul Islam, head of the Moslem church, vetoing short skirts and knock-knees and bobbed hair and the other flapper attributes, for the Sultan objected to the ladles of his harem (pronounced "hah-reem") going ahout like a lot of Broadway chorus pirls, red of lips and vermilion of cheek, not to mention the swagger, the slang and the other things whlh accompany the up-to-date flapper It the irade was brought about by the obtrusiveness of the Turkish flapper. She percolated Into all walks of life, from street sweeper to lady, from society dame to cabaret performer. Wherever you turned there was thi Occidental tiuppcr! The Sultan, who is an old-fash-j loned soul, with ideas datinp back to the era c"f nuptial slavery, came, saw and was d.'sgusbed. Ho called his vizier and other officials ' Into conference and from them learned that female independence had been de clared and that male control of the well known world was In serious danger from the latest Western fad. So he decided then and there to put a stop to the men ace to the Turkish home life, to the Turkish man and to the nation in gen eral. But first it will be necessary to detail the growth of female emancipation In tho Turkish empire a movement duo entirely to the war In fact, it was a direct aftermath of the war Until tho triumph of the Allies the Turkish woman was a slave, to all in , tents and purposes. She never saw her future husband until the moment of her marriage. Her father and occasionally her mother picked out the man. Then came .the wedding and the girl, who had passed her youth in cloistered seclusion, went Into a living tomb gorgeously ap pointed, true, with slayes and servants at her beck and call, but a tomb, never theless! And then came the war Society the i world over was disorganized. The moral balance was upset Customs of other days were discarded and forgot ten. New ideas and new ideals usurped the place of tjic old and tried ones. 1? was so in Turkey as in other coun tries. The war had ruined many ; few ! had escaped Its consequences. Com merce was at a standstill , business was at its lowest ebb. Economic conditions were such that the curtailment of per sonal expenditure became a vital in c -sity. Bit by bit, the Turk cut down tho a expenses of his household Servants were dismissed, slaves were told' Thousands upon thot audi of women B of the lower strata of society wCro forced 1 into the world of which they know noth- , ing. They wero penniless and were faced with the alternative of going to t 'Vi J ' JsE&fl work or seeking a living in dubious ways. ti- ' ) ' 1 SKEBSKkkA And to their credit, bi it said, they j S-H ij the former. Soon the streets of Con- H j fi ''. a,. " .-j 6tantinople saw tho amazing sight of ''.vJa ' ft ' HV'' Turkish women in knickerbockers and .' ,' " short skirts, without veils, sweeping tho , ' "v.T Vjt;5 r"". '"""H The restaurants saw women waiter?; ' If : , ' jtrffl ' . ISr""' ' . . stores were "manned" by women as sales- -'"".". " W' .f fe5 jKffifeaS N i jf L d-Sp? men for the first time in Turkish history. y i , - A, ' And then came the most amazing v' I V.'- .-.jMs. 8 t.m am vm 1 w 3& phase of all-the harems were practi- S - I I H ml SiV; cally emptied of their inmates " S ' ' ' . jj q They drifted into the cabarets in the Eu- ' fg womanhood, with dc- flfe A f $jli&L.ft Gercme's painting "The Harem Bath," denictinr a scene in a Turkish plorablo results. Fam- JSbSL '' harem. Many of the harems have been disbanded because of ily life became a thing ft- ' ySaTbrrfa El & tremendous cost of upkeeo and their former inhabitants of tho past. Homes x M&fkfirt WflrTmr" ;" have been driven Ij t'neir own resources men. They trans- BHHHHHHHMHSHPiP'1' greased the law of tho Prophet openly and brazenly. . .. ... - . . . . MMMHMr. Turkish wive of the old order enjoying one of the infrequent trips away from the harem. They are wearing the costumes which have been generally discarded since the war riW In Pera, the European cpjarter of Con stantinople, Turkish women sank to the lowest possible level. They seeped into all walks of life. They out-Westerned their Western sisters. They did not know how to uso their new-found free dom and became extremists. And the male Turks took advantage of this state of affairs. They commercialized the sit uation to such an extent that a great scandal ensued. Of course, tho scandal reached the ears of the government. But, as always, tho Turkish government was slow to act. Manana was the word to-morrow would do as well as to-day. But somehow or other the Sultan heard and saw, for he indulged in added liberty since the war. He went into the highways and byways, even as Haroun-al-Raschid, and saw with his own eyes. Then he called his council to meet and laid the matter before them Just what transpired is not known, of course, but one can almost imagine Abdul Hamid saying: "B the beard of the Prophet! I'll not permit the ways of the infidel to dirty our land." And the next day there was issued an irade, which is Turkish for a pronuncia mento, or police-order, that on and after date, every Turkish woman must wear long pants in place of the short skirt. and that a veil of prescribe! thickness and breadth must hide her more or less beautiful face from the gaze of the un believer ! Consternation seized tho Turkish flap pers, young, old and in between. They vowed by all that was sacred to flap pers that never, no, never! would they give up their new freedom. The Sultan's irade was brief and to the point. Every Turkish woman who wanted to remain a Turkish woman was ordered to wear the veil and to revert to Turkish clothes. Social relations with the infidel were curtailed. Women were ordered off the streets. It was a sweep ing police order. And then came the strangest part of the entire well hu man comedy. Some of the older women, in whom long usage had made obedience a second nnture, obeyed implicitly and instantly. But the younger generation rebelled and declared that no mere Sultan would tell THEM how to behave they were ladies and knew how a lady should act! The government was aghast. It did not know how to deal with the recalcitrant, because it had never had a rebellious woman to handlo and knew nothing about temperamental ladies. A deadlock ensued, and at this writinp still exists. Few Americans know Turkey. It is still a land of mystery. One of these few who is thoroughly acquainted with existing conditions is Miss Atteyeh Sumayeh, born in Syria, long a resident of Turkey, and now a citizen of this country. Miss Atteyeh sympathizes with the efforts of her Turkish sisters for emancipation. "My Turkish sister Is no different In her likes and desire3 and her mental processes from her American prototype," said Miss Atteyeh. "She want freedom of thought and action the latter within the limits of propriety. I believe that the days of harem seclusion, with all tho virtual slavery that that implied, are over. The Turkish woman is well read, for she was rot permitted to do anything MVS read. And through that reading .-he imbibed Western ideas and ideals. Whether they are better than Moslem ones I will not say. "I am in favor of polygamy. This may sound strange, but I have seen it in its best and worst forms, and I can say honestly that in either it is better than the progressive polygamy practiced in America through means of the divorce. Jjpr 2 1 'urkish I Typical flapper fashions which have met with disfavor in Turkey, not so much because of the design of the clothes, but from the moral laxity which has resulted from the freedom which Turkish women have demanded since adopting them courts. Let us take the old Turkish household. The husband was equally kind to all his wives. Being human, he had a favorite, but he was kind to all. If he divorced one he supplied her lib erally with means of livelihood. Her children wan taken care of. There was no scandal, no publicity. He did not stay out at night t- forpet his legal wives. In the larger sense he was far more moral than his American brother. "As for the women, they were the most moral in the world. When the war threw open the doors of the harems the women were like rudderless ships; they did not know what to do nor where to turn. "That freedom was not understood, nor was it appreciated at first. Tha women were thrown into the sea of life, unable to swim or to stem the current of 6Vnta They dril ted-some survived, many sank into the depths. They should not be judged. I am an American and I understand American ideals But I also understand the Turkish mental processes, though I am Christian. And I honestly believe that the Sultan has done the best thing possible under the circum stance." In the meantime, the Sultan's janiza ries are measuring the length of lne 1 women s skirts, investigating their mor sta and seeking for traces of the his toncal veil.