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I 4 THE OGDETANDARDXAMINER SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 24, 1922
I i --j - i m I Franz Stuck' symbolic painting of the underworld'c horrors, to which a new and dreadful one is now added by the spread of the marihuana habit THEN the lawmakers of CongroM and the various state le;: tures framed the statutes di -signed to end the traffic In habit-forming drugs they thought they had made them comprehensive enough to include every narcotic known to man. But now it has been discovered that, as far as the national laws and those " of all except two or three of the states are concerned, they overlooked one of the wickedest of drugs one that is in many ways more insidious in its luf? and more ruinous in its effects than cocaine, heroin, opium, morphine or any of the others. The wicked drug the lawmakers for prot is marihuana, the Mexican variety of Cannabis indica, or Indian he'mpi i monly known as hasheesh. In the Orient hasheesh has been used for thousands of years. There it is rolled into pills and swallowed, or mixed with sugr and eaten like candy. The Mexicans, however, have n differ ent way of drugging then idves mnrihuana and getting its extraordi effects. They break off the tops of plant, crumple them up like tobacco roll them into cigarettes. It is in the form of fffgar that marihuana is now coming into v spread use in this country, and because the little paper-wrapped rolls .f the drug look so much Jiko an ordinary to bacco cigarette the traffic in the) likely to prove hard to .stamp, out even after '.ho re sary la vs a v e 1 1 In Americathere marihuana cigarettes are called either "Hying cigarett r "Mary Warner smokes." The " Warner," it will be seen, is American slanc, and is derived from the word marihuana, which has a similar sou 1 Tlvyare called "flying" because of the floating sensation the'r fumes produce. The effects of the drug are it irtli f, and while they may differ in individu the general characteristics are nearly always the same. After three or four puffs the beginner's mind becomes con fused. There is, at first, a harmless sort and sordidncss in the user's life away. He finds himself floating through space as if on a cloud and doing ev thing, in fancy, that he ever wanted to do. Ideas follow each other rapidly. Time, however, is unbelievably pro longed. Minutes seem like days; hours like weeks and days like years. An ex cellent idea of this prolongation of time is seen by comparing an ordinary motion picture film with that of the so-called slow motion camera. Then comes a period in which hallu cinations dominate the addict. Motive less merriment or maudlin emotion usu ally follows, after which a pugnacious attitude ensues. It is this stage that en dangers society. It is the stage which made the cowboys of our frontiers quick to adopt the Mexican word "loco" (crazy) which is applied to peons a I Indians who run amuck. Cattle, too, have been known to run amuck a eating the plant. Reaction following the uic of mari huana gravely endangers the morals and continuous indulgence bnngu ( lepsy and incurable insanity. In con firmed addicts the complex of symptoms : shows great similarity a deathlike pal lor, twitching muscles, furtive fcyei with yellowish, red-streaked eyeballs, cat like nervousness and rapidity of speech. The Mexican government recog nizing the seriousness ot the situa tion, passed some years ago a law forbidding f the cultivation of the f hem)) plant, but in p- ; spite of the ?tring''nt j j edict and the swift and ,' drastic punisjonent im posed, it is 'Still sur- ! i reptitiousJy grown. t This, with the larg.- j quantities of wild j" 'A plant?, gathered, fur J ni slits a supply ample $ . nOL'gt for m a r.y 1 Y . y- gands of users. Most of the drug finds it way into the i United StJ'tcs across j the Rio Grande River j. and Lower California r border. Some of the L crop .gather' d in south- i ern Mexico is smug- ; i gled into our ports - r . i principally New York V j by sailors touching I. at Mc::ican ports from j' i where it is dissenn- nated. The story of two j American college girls K who were recently en- ; . ; snarled in the coils of !i s soul-destroying .agency is a good ex- FT S'" ample of how "flying I cigarettes" claim their ' victims and at the j same time will serve as a warning to others to 2 be on their guard I a"airst them. Both of thc-.e -ziils aided the 1 k New York police in j; makinrr the arrest of a notorious interna- i tional drur carrier who is now in the state . i rt prison at our; Sing. They The clumsy and have been re- conspicuous opi- fl c 1 a i m c d um pipe for . through the which the mari- M M e l ropolitan huana smoker &4. Hospital, long has no need i: famous for its cures of drug addicts, and are again back in school. "We had heard so much of Mexican meals from our friends," says one of of these girls, "that one Sunday eve ning wo decided to go to ono of them, near Tenth Street, and E-ample some of their national dishes. It seemed to us like any other restaurant, orderly and regular in every respect- "We enjoyed the meal. The dishes were a novelty to us. As the waiter brought the coffee my friend found that she forgotten her cigarettes. "I was just about to give her one of mine when a well-dressed man about thirty, apparently a Mexican, who was sitting at a nearby table talking to a male companion, laid an elaborately or namented cigarette case on the table in front of us. " 'Won't you try a Mexican cigarette?' he asked politely. He left the case on the table and resumed his conversation with "his friend, apparently paying not the slightest bit of attention to C ' ) ; - , A jar of the powdered . leaves of marihuana, " ; re:rc !:;- ii: r- i'iew York polire; and ( on the ribt ) cigarettes "y made from the leaves t ' : ''' ' ' ''''' ' " 1 H'' v : y ' . ' i I I 11 ; f i - i ims M . ' 5 f m iTj:3 Catherine McDon- aid, a New York busi- r.esa girl and one of :v.t the latest victims of the cmel "drug drummers'' illSUp: "After a few mo ments my friend took one of the ciga- x rettes and also handed one to me. They looked just the same a;j any of the popular brands made in this country. We lighted them. "The first puff burned my throat slightly, but the feeling of exhilaration that followed far outweighed the 'burny' sensation. I had smoked about half of it when my companion's antics attracted my attention. She seemed to be bubbling over with merriment. Then during, sav ing all sorts of things to Ww PePh? about her. Normally she is very backward about speaking to strangers. : i managed to get her home, and it was there, in our room, that I reamed she had brought a half dozen of the Mexican's cigarettes with her. Wo smoked them, too. That i started us." Marihuana is probably the only drug which is not included in the Federal narcotic bill, known as the Jones-Miller measure. The Harrison act, which has been in operation a number of years, docs not include It either. New How Only Two or Three 1 States Have Statutes Aimed j at the Insidious Mexican I Hasheesh Which Wrecks the Lives of Its Victims Even More Quickly Than I Cocaine, Heroin of 7 :7". f-r:: .....: .. . " '13ml j Mies Cisaic Loftus, the talented and charming Eng lish actress who is now under going treatment for cure of the drug habit York, Massachusetts, California and the city of Dallas, Texas, are the only 1 daces where there arc specific laws and ordinances prohibiting the traffic in it. The credit for discovering the extent to which marihuana is being used in this country and taking the first steps to stamp out the traffic in it is due to Dr. Carlton Simon, Deputy Commis sioner of the New York police and head of the department's Narcotic Division. The sudden popularity of marihuana among narcotic addicts was also largely due to the activities of Dr. Simon's staff in cutting off supplies of other drugs. Addicts recognized, too, that they could partake of the new dope in the form of cigarettes with little risk of detection, provided, of course, they aid not take doses strong enough to make them pass into a coma. It is for this same reason, the deputy com missioner believes, that so many re fined and cultured persons are easily tempted to use the cigarettes. No work Is more worthy of the com mendation of all good citizens than that which the police of New York and other large cities are doing to stamp out the drug traffic. It is a task fraught with the greatest difficulties, for the business of dope smuggling is well or ganized and shrewdly managed, and the addicts will run almost any riek to keep supplied with their favorite drug. Although the dore habit is one of the thief vices that make the underworld .- dreadful it is by no means confined to the criminal and derelict classes. In spite of the stringent laws and the eternal vigilance of the police an in creasing number of addicts are being found in the most refined and cultured walk-' of life. A pathetic instance of slavery to drugs rW was revealed in a London police court only a few days ago. Miss Cissie Lo tus, the beautiful and talented actress who has so often appeared in this coun try and been much admired here, was arraigned on a charge of having drugs in her possession. She was released on suspended sentence on her promising to undergo treatment for the habit. Catherine McDonald, a refined and pretty business girl, walked into a New York police station recently and asked to be arrested to prevent her stealing or doing something worse to satisfy her craving for drugs. The story she told threw interesting light on the wicked methods practiced by the "drug drummers." At a dance a few weeks ago she met a "lovely girl" who revealed to her tho magic of a needle that enabled one to dance all night, and by a second injec tion go to work next day as fresh and alert as ever. The needle, as Catherine McDonald later learned, held heroin, ana after six days of its use she found herself unable to get along without regular doses of the drug.