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The Ogden standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, September 06, 1913, 4 o'clock p.m. City Edition, Image 9

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jfM THE OGDEN STANDARD, OQ DEN. UTAH SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1913. 9 A
JAPAN AND
UNEMPLOYED
Many Idle Men Go to
Large Cities in Sum
mer Japanese Bern
hart Dies at Tokio
Social Customs in
Parts of Island
Tokto, Sept 6 Like many other
' great cities the number of unem
ployed is ever on th increase in To
kio, where men Rather from the roun-
try with high amblttonR Unfortun
llfttely. however, high places are few
and. talent apparently superabundant
Consequently even men with gtxxJ
Qualifications are roaming about, vain
ly seeking employment Some of them
come to thp free lodging house at
Honjo Toklo, tired out, some even
arc on the brink of starvation.
This Bummer the small lodging
house Is taxed to Its utmost capacity
The director of the house tells pitiful
stories nf his nightly lodgers. "Men
In the prime of life," he says, "come
hero eery day starving, having had
nothing to eat for three or four days
Of the young men who come to me
for help, the majority are from the
country The make their way to the
city with high hopes, and write home
exaggerated or Imagined stori8 of
their success A few ears later they
go back to their homes on borrowed
money and dressed up In royal style!
to Impress their family and friends J
with their success, not yet realized
When they return to the city their sit
uatlon is worse than it was before,
for they are then saddled with the
debts they Incurred to create false Im
pressions at home. These young men
begin generally as hard workers ur
I GREAT AMERICAN INVENTORS
N "Learn One Thing Every Day"
No. 6. THOMAS ALVA EDISON
I (Copyright, 1913. by The Mentor As-1
soclatlon, Inc )
The scene the Roston office of a
I freat telegraph company. The time
half centurv ago Enter a tall ,
young man wearing a slourhy broad
i brimmed hat and a wet duster cling j
Ing to his lege who marched Into '
t I11" superintendent's office, and said:
1 'Here 1 am."
J The superintendent gazfd at him.
m "Who are you?" he finally asked.
"Tom E'dlson '
'And who on earth might Tom j
Ityl Edison be"
The young man explained that he
ill hAd bjen ordered to report for duty
Wm at the Boston office He was told j
H to si' down and wait. A little while
'Ji later a New York sender, who was
I one M the most rapid In the telegraph
bu6hess at that time, called up. -All
MB the operators were busy
'Let that new fellow try him," said
m th chief.
Cdlson sat down and for four and
ft off-half hours to-k the speedy mes
sges. The faster the instrument
& deked. tlie faster he wrote the words.
2f .t the end New York called
"Hello!"
"Hello jourself," Edison flashed
M back.
"Who the dickens are ou7' asked
I the New York operator.
I "Tom Edison."
JV 'Tou are the first man In the coun
iM try that could ever take me at my
fj fastest ' licked out New York," and
n-J the onh one who could ever sit at
the other end of my wire for more
than two hours and a half I'm proud
Si to know you."
This little story of Thomas Aha '
Edison shows that even as a young
man he exhibited unusual ability. He
was born on February 11, 1847, at
Milan, Erie County Ohio. His fam
ily moved to Port Huron, Michigan,
when the boy was seven, and when
he was onlv twelve, years old Edison
became a train newsboy on the rail
wa to Detroit. It was during this
time that he rigged up apparatus In
the baggage car and experimented
with chemistr and telegraphy
He was but fifteen when he be
came a telegraph operator. But hi6
studies and experiments Interfered
&o much with his duties that he was
discharged many times He worked
in a number of cities of the United
StateB and Canada. At the age of
twenty-one he had built an automatic
repeater, by which a telegraphic mes
sage could be transferred from one
wire to another without the aid of an
operator By means of this messages
could be sent direct to a much greater
distance than formerly.
Edison finally went to Boston, as
related above, and thence to New
York in 18fi9 There he invented an
Improved printing telegraph for stock
Quotations the ticker. For this he
received $40,000.
Then he built a lahoratory at New
ark, New Jersey, but four vears later
moved to Menlo Park, and later to
Kest Orange, New Jersey All the
time he continued his experiments
and inentlone He lives now at
Orange, and he is as hard worker at
sixty-six as he was when a young
man
Among Edison's more important in
ventions are his estem of multiplex
telegraphy; the carbon telephone
transmitter: the phonograph the in
candescent lamp and light system;
the klnetoscope, and his Invention of
this vfar, the talking-moving picture
In all he has had .even hundred pat
ents granted to him.
In 1S79 Edison was made Chelaller
and afterwards Commander of the
Legion of Honor by the French government
Every day a different aamaa inter
est story will appeai" In the Standard.
You can get a beautiful InUflto r
production of the above picture, wtti
five otheri. equally attractive, Tit 1-1
inches In alee, with this waak'a "Mea
tor " In "The Mentor" a well knows
authority covers the tubject of tht
pictures and atorlaa of the week. Heat
ers of the Standard and the Maator
will know art literature, hlatory, aeW
ence, and travel, and own exquisite
pictures. On tale at Spercoa Book
store.
ambitious students, then they become
cheap laborers or coolies, and finally
nnd as loafers, sheltered In the poor
house."
Japan Is dealing with the problem
of the unemployed on scientific
grounds, having profited by the
greater experience of America and
Europe
Madame Kumehachi lchlkawa. the
"Sarah Bernhardt" of Japan, died re
cently at the age of seenty, after
spending nearly half a century on the
stage.
Like Japan1 warriors, who are
proud to die on the battlefield, Jap
anese actors and actresses hope io
die on the stage. Kumehachi was no
exception and her prayer was an
swered, for while performing one of
her favorite dances at the Mikuni the
atre In Tokio, she collapsed on the
stage and never recovered.
Madame Tchlkawa was born in a
Samurai family, and commenced her
theatrical training at the early age
of six She soon proved herself an
enchanting dancer. At twelve she
had many puptls, some of them her
seniors In age. studying Japanese
dancing with her. But It was at the
age of two and twenty that she made
her first appearance on the stage as
a professional actress. Her thorough
training, coupled with her personal
attractiveness, made her more and
more famous until one eenlng Pan
juro, the star actor of the era, was
greatly impressed by her genius, anil
asked her to join his company
Kumehachi belonged to the old
school, but her wonderful adaptability
enabled her to carry her role success
fully In "new" plays. Including a num
her of Shakespearean tragedies. She
was virtually the only actress of the
old school, for at that time Japanese
feminine roles were always played by
men "New" actresses, however, are
now being brought out and Kumeha
chi gave willing assistance to th
raining of voting girls recruited by
the Imperial theatre of Toklo.
The Japanese empire shows a wide
range In social customs Remotf
provinces observe usages and indulge
In social ceremonies that are surpris
Ing, when they are related, even to
the Japanese themselves An educa
tional Inspector of Toklo has Just re
turned to the capital from the Island
of Osnima with strange tales of the
customs of the Islanders, especially
in weddings nnd funerals.
While on the Island the inspector,
R Kawagoe by name, attended the
funeral of a fisherman The coffin
was covered with two suits of the
dead man's clothing, and surrounded
by a score of women of sorrowful
face, who proceeded to utter a long
monosyllabic howl of lamentation
The visitor was so affected that he
wept with the mourners, but later
he found out that all this sorrow was
put on; It was being enacted as a part
of a prescribed funeral ceremony
The islanders deyelop physically
much earlier than the people in other
parts of the Empire. Girls marry at
twelve or thirteen years, and young
men at fourteen or fifteen. For two
months after the wedding the hus
band pays nightly visits to the wife
at the home of her parents, while the
voting wife visits her parents-in-law
and helps them b fetching palls ol
water from the well After that she
Is taken Into the home of her hue
band.
On Oshima the young people enjoy
more freedom in the matter of court
ing than in central Japan They are
left to themselves to select their own
life mates, much after the fashion
of the West. When a young suitor
proposes to the girl of his choice, the
girl declines two or three times as
a matter of form, and In order that
she may enjoy the period of court
ship. Mount Fuji, a dead volcanic moun
tain nearly 15,000 feet high, famous
around the world for its graceful con
tour, has been surmounted this sum
mer by a Japanese girl seven years
old, who made the trip unaided by
her elders Considering the youth -fulness
of the climber, this is a rec
ord. Another will be made before the
j telephone service depends largely upon mutual
J m courtesy. The telephone is more useful to those who
mj talk as if face to face, for civility removes difficulties
and facilitates the promptest possible connections.
As in other intercourse, it often happens that two or more
j ' people wish to talk with the same person at the same time,
j j - Without courtesy confusion is inevitable, and the confusion
j is greater when the people cannot see each other,
j ' j The operators must be patient and polite under all cir-
cumstances, but they will do better work if they meet patience
j and politeness on the part of telephone users.
J II The Bell Telephone Service enters intimately into the
il j social and business life of each individual. The best results
I I come through the practice of mutual courtesy.
II The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Company
'lil
1 J'l
f0.4 1
rUlll .
summer Is over, ror if au goeB wen
with him, Sajuro Ota. eighty-nine
enrs of age, will accomplish his one
hundredth ascension, with th close
of last summer his record was eighty
three. August saw him complete hlB
ninety-fourth trip to the summit.
From time Immemorial Fuji, the
highest mountain In Japan, has been
considered a sacred peak, and until
about forty years ago womeu were
not allowed to make the ascent Even
now much religious eontiment is at
tached to the mountain, and group af
ter group of pilgrims f rom all over
the countr visit the little shrines on
the snow clad summit murmuring in
their ascent up the long slopes "Rok
kon Shojo." meaning. 'May our six
senses be clean and undeflled "
Aside from these pilgrims all class
es of people, including somet of the
"new women of Japan, climb up the
mountain Recently a prlze-cllmblng
contest was held, and a student of
the Waseda university made a record
ascent by reaching the summit in two
hours and a half
Prince Hirohlto, crown prince of
Japan thirteen years of age. often ex
presses his earnest desire to climb
up Fuji This year he hopes to do
so with Prince VI, former crown
prince of Korea, who Is now studing
in Japan.
Fuji Is coy In summer, and rarely
discloses herself to the view of visi
tors who try to see her from points of
vantacre This is due to the prevail
ing mist and clouds.
The opening of the Panama canal to
tho merchant ships of the world will
see the inauguration of a new line
of Japanese vessels running to the
eastern coast of th United States,
and also to points In Europe.
The Osaka Mercantile Steamship
company is making plans to this end.
Tt has already ordered several new
steamers of 80000 tons each, and It
has despatched to America a number
of agents to make preliminary Inves
tigations as to ports, docking facili
ties, charters, etcetera.
oo
STEPHANOVE
ON BULGARIA
Professor of English
in University at Sofia
Defends Country
Against Report That
Her Soldiers Have
Committed Atrocities
New York, Sept 6 Constantine
Stephanove, professor of English lit
erature in the University of Sofia, Bul
garia has written a letter to friends
in New York in which he defends Bul
garia from the allegations freeh
made against her that she was the
aggressor In the latest Balkan war,
and that Bulgarian troops have, com
mitted a series of atrocities In south
eastern Europe.
The letter is dated Sofia, where Pro
fessor Stephanove resides, and was
written In August, shorth after the
conclusion of peace at Bucharest The
writer begins by describing the Iso
lation in which Bulgaria had found
herself for several weeks past Her
enemies, Servla, Roumania, Greece
and Montenegro conspired to make it
practically impossible for Bulgaria to
communicate with the outside world
during the first months of the fight
ing, taking advantage cf this condi
tion to circulate abroad a number oi
misleading and even mendacious
statements concerning the progress ot
the war, all reflecting on Bulgaria
He then outlines the secret treaty
uuuviuueu uiBi wiwwg lur&ejf
and Greece, by which Greece guaran
teed Turkey armed assistance fbr the
reoceupatlon of Adrlanople, Turkey,
in return pledging her support to
Greece for the seizure of Thrace The
conspiracy of Servia, Roumania,
Greece, Montenegro and Turkey
against Bulgaria is characterized as
one of the most complete recorded in
history and a distinct and notable
phase of this concerted action was the
circulation of baseless and llng re
ports, all destined to Injure Bulgaria
in the eyes of the world, and which
Bulgaria was at the time powerless
to refute or deny. Continuing his In
teresting presentation of Bulgaria's
side of the case, Professor Stephan
ove writes as follows
"The charge that Bulgaria wa6 the
nggressor In this warfare, in which
her former allies were arrayed against
her. is unjust and untrue. Bulgaria
did her utmost to persuade Servia to
fulfill the stipulations of the Serbo
Bulgarian treaty for the protection o;
Macedonia, but without success It
was for the freedom of Macedonia
that Bulgaria engaged in the Balkan
war. With her arm) still at Tcha
talja and Galllpoli it was unthinkable
that Bulgaria should declare war up
on her former allies
"Servia and Greece inaugurated 8
series of cruel attacks, meanwhile,
upon the Bulgarian population of Ma
cedonia Thousands wore Imprisoned
maltreated, and many even suffered
death, other thousands escaped into
Bulgaria. Then followed the Greek
riots al Serres, Anglsta. Negrltta. etc.,
in which many Bulgarian soldiers
were killed from ambush by Creel
bands. The Bulgarian outpost at
Augista resisted, and In revenge th
Greek general staff planned the at
tack on the small Bulgarian garrison
at Salonlca.
"There were other similar skirmish
es on the border. What could Bulga
ria do? She appealed to Russia, the
arbiter of the Serbo-Bulgarian treaty,
but Russia refused to act She ap
pealed also to the powers, but her cry
was Ignored. Servia and Greece, for
tified by their secret understandings
with Roumania and Turkey, rapidly
became unbearable in their attitude.
"Part of the Bulgarian troops at
drlanople and Tchatalja had beerv
brought across the border Into Marr
donla by June 30. The burning and
looting of the village of Zleto. b thf
Servians, was the first serious Incl
dent to provoke war. A Macedonian
1 1 leader named Arbeza retaliated on tho
Servians for this attack, and the fol
lowing dav the Servians advanced
against the regular Bulgarian army
The Bulgarian troops retaliated and
drove their enemies back for a dls
tance of twenty miles.
"That same day the fighting be
came general all along the border
I Bulgaria was attacked by Servians
Greeks and Montenegrins Against
"he enure Greek army of 200.000 men
I Bulgaria had barely 30,000 men under
llSiJBlr BECKER'S BEST
General Ivanoff. Nevertheless, on
the first and second days of the
fighting, Bulgaria routed her enemies,
Inflicting tremendous losses
The defeat of the Servians and the
Greeks was complete, when to the
consternation of the Bulgarian sol
diers there came orders to stop fight
ing and return to their original posi
tions. The order was a fatal one
The army cried bitterly when called j
upon to obey It But Russia, who hal
promised to settle the differences be
tween Serbs and Bulgars, had to be
obeyed. Bulgaria did obey, but not
so Servia. The Bulgarian envoys sent
to tell the Servians of the order were
murdered.
"Then came a furious attack upon
the Servians, but Macedonian volun
ters saved the day This was fol
lowed by general fighting, with no;
decisive results. General Ivanoff
made a successful retreat, inflicting;
awful losses on the Greeks. The Bui
garians opposed to the Servians held
their own. and even captured 8000
Servians Bulgaria crossed the Sen -Ian
border and seized Kniajevatz.
Zaltchar, etc , and cut the railroad
which connected Belgrade and Mace
donia "Just as Bulgaria was about to ex
ecute a brilliant manoeuvre and ad
minister a death blow to her treach
erous enemies. Roumania attacked
her from the rear and seized north
ern Bulgaria. At Adrlanople Rou
mania declared Bulgaria must stop
her Invasion of Servia. Shorn of her
strength by her war with Turkev,
Bulgaria had to concede.
"The powers then Intervened, and
after a preliminary meeting at Nish.
an armistice was concluded at Buch
arest. It Is now believed that a sub
sequent conference of the great pow
ers will revise the Bucharest con
vention, and settle permanently all
territorial differences between the
Balkan states.
"A foreign diplomat has summed up
the situation thus The Bulgarian
arm, by its brilliant successes in
Turkey Inspired fear in Roumania.
Servia" and Greece. They believed that
another ten years would see her the j
dominant power In the Balkans, and,
one of the great powers of Europe.
Hence the conspiracy. They reuson
e It would be better to annihilate!
Bulgaria now than be annihilated by j
her in the near future '
' s to Ihe charges of atrocities for
which Bulgaria has been- unjustly,
llamed the are unqualifiedly false ;
The world already is being informed
as to the actual perpetrators of these
hornhie deeds. Over 100,000 refu-
COes have fled to Bulgaria trom Mace
donia Hundreds and thousands have;
met death at the hands of Greek,
and Servian soldiers The stories ol
these refugees rend the heart. Many
Macedonian towns have been burned
in the Greeks, who killed every Bul
garian who fell Into their hands
-Few people know what Bulgaria
has reallv accomplished We have
many taults, but we are eonsc.ous ot
The "fact that we have wronged no
Zl We wanted to free Macedonia
Our neighbors jealous of our might,
?re doing all they can to balk us In
'our desire to gather ail Bulgarians
under one roof.
oo
OGDEN TO BE
FRUIT GATEWAY
Salt Lake, Sept 6 In the office
of J Edward Taylor, state horticul
tural inspector, four horticultural and
antomoiOglcal sharp, mulled over the
Question of the Montana Quarantine
Lalnst Utah farm products till a I
,ate hour last night. They were Tay- ,
or Dr E 0 Titus of the Utah Agri
cultural collece. George L Reeves,
Sad Ot the local United SUtes bu-
fSu of entomology, and R A Cooley,
Montana state entomologist
report, given the governor of Mon
tana on his return to Helena, wll
Probably be the basis for the final,
KI action on raising or modi
SSfSl quarantine brought against
tL TTtah alfaUti weevil.
1 hwSto the question was well argued
nnd con no decision was reached
nor Will the Montana entomologist
ESe much to say till after today
ShS with Taylor, he will go to Og-
dVr and Brlsham City and make a
fhorough survej of the chances for
Se proposed Utah plan working
Tho Utah plan, heretofore explain
ed Is that Ogden and Brlgham shall
he made the official exporting cen
ters into Montana and 4hat inspec
tors shall be maintained at these
joints to see that Utah products are
so packed as to eliminate possibility
of alfalfa weevil accompanying thel
shipment. Each package would be
certified.
While Cooley would not discuss the
plan, he admitted that its claims to
teasibillty are not unfounded.
"That is why I'm here," he said
"The plan may work, and then again
It might not. I want to see which
Is the fact."
Reeves and Titus, probably the
best reputed entomologists In the ln
termountain region and experts on
the alfalfa -weevil, also said that the
plan might work, and their opinion
was consulted on many of Its various
angles
Reeves departed for Portland, Ore .
after the meeting, and will be away
some time on matters pertaining to
his department. The recommenda
tions of Cooley. he says, will not be
made public till after he and the
Montana horticultural and the gov
ernor of Montana hae conferred and
outlined some final action as to the
desired rescinding of. portions of the
quarantine.
Butte, Sept. 5 Governor S V.
Stewart announced today, upon his
return from Salt Uake, where he vis
ited with the governor of Utah, while
enroute home from the goornors'
conference at Colorado Springs, that
ho would take up the matter of rais- f
Ing the I'tah quarantine immediately 1 j
with Professor R. A. Cooley of the kit 3
State Agricultural college and State j-W I
Horticulturist M. L. Dean. Mr. Stew- j i
art stated that the governor of Utah If! 9
had Impressed him that Utah fruit- 1 m
men were anxious to have the quar- T,i m
antlne removed and has agreed to 3! n
see that the Utah horticultural offl- v jj
cials establish a rigid inspection of ! I
all fruit consigned to Montana. I
PROMINENT FARMER DIES U'll
I.-ogan, Sept, 5. James Nelson, one i'
of the most prominent farmers of I al
Cache county, died last night at a lo- j X
cal hospital following an operation. i ' F
He was operated upon several days N i
nco and rallied nicely, but yesterday i n
had an attack of heart trouble and I HI
died in a few hours He will be 1 y
buried here Sunday, but services will i ' j
be held on that day at College, where p j
he had resided for many years. Ho lJ' T
was 52 years of age and leaves u fajj jp
widow and seven children. n ,
RUNNING LOW.
"Why are you In such a hurry for
the new currency""
"The little supply that I had of the ,! I
old is almost exhausted." Buffalo 1
Express ' V;
MglMMBMsgMgMggggagfliBMgMSSHgBBE '
You May Have It I
Every reader of this paper is entitled
to a copy of this splendid big volume
ALMOST FREE I
I All you need to do is to clip and present
;! Six Panama Certificates, together with
the expense amount named therein
($1.18 for the $4 volume, or 48c for the
$2 volume), and get it
From The Standard! I
fThe $1 l.onk is 0x12 inches HH
more than 20 times a-s large as
tins greatly reduced illustra-
You'll Enjoy It, Because 1
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