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The Ogden standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, October 18, 1913, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 13

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4 jjiAGsECM THE OGDEN STANDARD 1 magazine section If I
I C";
English Labor Leader
Who Advocates Vio-
lence in Formation of
Gigantic Union to
Embrace Wo r 1 d
utf Workers Defends
Views andSaysWork
ingmen Eventually
"Z Will Embrace Syndi
SA strongo story Is that of Tom
Mann, the English labor leader, syn
dicalist, agitator and bitter enemy
j of what ho calls the governing class
jy of the present day.
His rise to be virtually the head
of the greatest labor union known,
t i the International Transport Work
ers' Federation, la the result of a
fire In a mine, which drove him to
- the factories.
Had It not been for this fire, from
which he barely escaped with his
life, Tom Mann. In all probability,
now would be digging coal hundreds
H of feet below the surface of the
earth, with no thoughts except of
jii his work. Instead of being the Btur-
P dy. fighting man that he Is. he prob
ably would be stoop shouldered and
... worn with years of Incessant toil
with the pick, his spirit broken and
', his health ruined by the closo con-
flnement under ground.
5 It happened when he was but 14
years old, this fire, and already ho
hnd been In the mine four years,
working as a breaker boy. In two
years more he would have graduated
?f to the rank of helper, and then he
p would have become a full-fledged
00 Tom Mann was born in Coventry,
Warwickshire, England, to years
" ago, tho son of a colliery clerk. Fol
lowing the custom In thoso days for
the children of the lower classes
ff he was allowed to run loose until big
enough to work. Then he was
L caught and turned over to a farmer.
He was 8 years old then. He
worked on the farm two vears, do
ing all the usual chores of a farm
er's boy. and he believes It was the
hardest period of his life Cut ho
finally got relief, for when ho
reached the ago of 10 his father dc
glf elded that he was too strong to
. waste on Idle farming and brought
! him to the mine.
' Bronzed and strong, for n boy,
after the farm work, ho went down
the shaft for the first time, and then,
for four years, every day ho did tho
same thing, working ten hours
day, sometimes more, except when
the mine was closed for repairs. It
Wasn't very pleasant, and he used to
sl.i-grr home Ht night with his
hands cut and torn from the rough
shale, and his body black and bluw
with the blows dealt hlin !y some of
tho miners who were not catlsflcd
ith hla work But It was all h"
he knew, and he was as well sntls
fieed as tho son of a millionaire Is
with his own golden spoon.
Came tho fire. Younc Mann was
in the workings when tho first ex
plosions came. Before he realized
what was thn trouble he found him
self In the center of a screaming,
flying pack of frenzied men, all mak-
Ing for the shaft, where the cage,
holding nine men. was being worked
as fast as the engineer above could
In 1SS9 tho London dock work
ers struck, in one of the worst riots
known up to that time. John
Burns, a famous labor leader, and
young Mann, were Inevitably drawn
into the trouble, and when tne
strike was settled, Mann found
himself committed lnovltaMy to
tho cause of tho workers. Imme
diately he set about organizing the
International Transport Workers'
Since that time he has traveled
In every European countsy except
Italy. Portugal. Russia. Greece, and
the Balkans, and has organized the
trnnsport worker-. Ho has been
arrested and expelled from Qer-
man) and France, and served lime
In an English Jail.
Is Sentimental
Uthough :i Fighter.
In spite of his lighting nature
Mann has a sentimental side. Fre
iiuontly ho visits the mine where ho
worked when a little boy and stands
there for hours at a time thinking
of "my men," as he calls tho work
ers. Mann is determined in his ideas
and dogged In his advocation of
them. Ho never will yield a point,
and has the courage of his convic
tions as in lj years he has stead
ily advocated the same course of
action, the eventual control of tho
entire world by the working class,
everything being made subservient
i their wishes.
He is an avowed enemy of the
present system of government, oven
Hie democracy of England, Canada
and the United States being un
united to a proper government of.
by and for the people, to his mind.
He. however, has fallen into the
common mistake nf the Socialists
and Syndicalists, for while ho advo
cates a change along certain lines,
and would overturn tho existing
governments In a radical manner,
lie cannot say where his principles
will lead the world, and cannot of
fer a substitute for the govern
ments. He believes that all that Is neces
sary Is the change, and that after
that comes all things automatically
will readjust themselves.
To gain his point he says he would
resort to anything. "Tho end Justl
lles the means," sums up his syndi
calist philosophy.
Where peaceful measures can
obtain what the workers want." de
clares Mann to tho unions he ad
dresses, "then by all means let
peaceful measures prevail. But
where peace falls and there must be
war, let it come, and In whatever
form is most likely to defeat tho
capitalist class."
Mann points to Ireland as an ex
ample of direct notion. He says that
the countless concessions which the
Irish Pave regained for their nation
from England in the last century
have been the result of direct action
only, and that If the Irish had not
taken up arms, had not openly re
belled through the entire country
and fought against the slavery to
which they were subjected that
England never would have granted
them anything
His cream Is of one vast, united
labor federation, which shall own
and control the entire world. Tlu-re
shall be no governments, and the
unions shall settle their disputes
among themselves, man to man.
union to union. If fights, een bat
tles, be necessary, he says. ;et them
come, but by all means let the work
ers do Just as they please.
Slann believes the establishment
of any centralized form of govern
ment tends to form a governing
class, and fears that If such a gov
ernment were given worker In hJs
Utopia, tho unions eventually would
lse their power and be.'omc as bud
1 off as they now are.
lie Intense' J admires the militant
suffragettes, and declares that they
are giving the English Government
Just what the government needs. He
is an intimate friend of Emmeline
and Ohrislobal Pankhurst. and
when Dr. Pankhurst was alive often
visited at their house. He tells a
ston of ChristobaJ's actions when
she was a Utile girl which sheds a
little lieht on that young woman's
wM career of today.
Miss l'ank hurst Props
Snake Down His Back.
"When 1 was playing with ""hrls
tobal one day." he said, "she slipped
around behind me and 1 felt some
thing cold and clammy wriggling
down my back. I was frightened jfl
nearly to death, and I made one LH
wild dash for my room. H
" n disrobing I discovered a gar- M
6en snake, whJ h that young lady H
had dropped down between my neck
and collar. I don't remember If she H
waj spanked- but I believe that was ifl
her punishment. She was 14 years H
Mann Is a typical Englishman. jM
He is stubborn :in'' determined'. He
niakes his hearer remember the old LH
Englishmen who left the Warwick
shire marshes to follow K J:.-hard
i 'ieur de Ixon to the Holy Land, or
the archers-who made up the army jH
of the Black Prime in France, or , IH
the stern Roundheads who fought I H
behind Cromwell. They may not al- I
ways have been right, but they be-
lleved they Wer and wen! ahead I
firm in the conviction that with that f -fci"'-
belief they would never fall. Time Jaaaaai
alone will tell If Mann will succeed Jbbbbbb!
His reception in the United States. vfliaaaal
Tvhile enthusiastic, has been marked iWaaaaal
by a decided aversion to his Ideas ,LH
about lob-nv. ind In St. Louis the Saaaaaa
labor union lenders harshly de-
nuunccd his utterances.
''vmm?'M'LtT ' -aaaaaaaaS. J

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