Newspaper Page Text
The Standard Magazine Seclion-Ogden, Utah, October 18, 1913. j
H , y I WILLIAM J. FLYNN: Chiof Of tho United r States Socrot Servico ' h lve. but very observant men. mad counterfeiting also is the least has. Jr Jag jprv- their appearance about the railroad erdous, because few scrutinise a cop ".Jg Jr i" Wk -O 1 4 3 43o44 U a tlona at Highland and PoURh- per coin close! VjlJIllC J. XI ICl C5 Lllll? rQPfC kecpsie and also on thc trains be- Flynn's first etep wai to have one '', ' W tween those cities and New York of tho coins assayed. Then he whenever any of the suspected ital- sear lied until he Found a dealer in Jr;' M A . rode on (hem They were Connecticut who sold sheet copper ffejJflJHSjBHk. jsf:... -fJHWI 1 ) ' ns operatives and the time and that r. ny,-d i ho This dealer WMfr i y II OH It" I 7 fti 4 I 4 Q "Ve C lhc date of ''very trP made by any had 416 customers, hut Flynn, un- BB&Bf 0 iflHkfi ' . WUV JLJLVJ.W k- dill i5 "f the suspects was carefully daunted, lept up his search until he LBJ noted. Also the train crews were found one of the customers on Cen- lnduced to make similar notef. ler street In New York City, who 'ki'1 ''WhaV . T5 "" fl "" "1 "KXT'T-f P" midwinter the plant was In- edd to a Hebrew pushcart peddler. , i ; . . mt M JDig Crook Catcher Who svsss inrx imi?? , VM notes. Comlto kept his pre- Unffhl Making PeilllieS. J h SBnSk -;' SSlfctehw crptod their own punishment, but tjP ! ; Flynn never forgot other, how- tf&p C HHPT k ever, or for moment tvl.o.-l bis 5jk viiflBlflL! KT jffli.iV V v ''I'll on thim and in 1902. when m, j H was Chief of Uii- Kaslern Divls- ::3nM .Bk XHLLLLLLm. lon of the Secret Service, and $5 i N. X ffiffy3WwraBo LLLLHbLk' ounterfelts began to appear In the gk Italian district of New York, ho 'X'XXSv cult case. Flynn finally discovered -XXXX, Xffffiffi ' ' '"' Xv, that an Italian wholesale grocer In iSll ikC'P" hBiiLh' ;-XXr ' York, whom he knew he " X inrrnlly to Morello and Lupo. was al ,9BHk Importing an cxt ra ordina X W . . 7 Uty of olive oil li o Oil under Nv v : ; the tariff was adnilit -,1 . hea.Kr In S'P " 'xffm ''iSaVl I barrels than In cans, so It was he- r"j : 'kj' '' VW ".'f-X-'r.' . ' '. ' j so,' shipped that way and tho cans Lb!? y-':''-' iBS&S''- X 'I pi. 'I"''I .!-:. I;. I- l " 'li' 'I in ifcr.''fV' -V'r J I 1bKP i Bj 11 ' Persistency Is held to be the key nolo of tho success of William J. Flynn, chief of the United States Secret Service. He is the Nemesis of tho counterfeiter and not only has he broken up some of the most expert and dangerous gangs in this j counli-. but he is held mainly re- sponsible lor the big decrease In counlcrft Itlnp In this countr , Members of tho Secret Servlco j have two duties to perform. They ' must safeguard tho body of tho H Prusident and hunt down countcr- H I fosters. These are of the most an- H ' lont police duties. Rulers from time H j Immemorial have had their body H guards, and since mankind advanced H I 111 the art of trading to the use of H ' ("rency thero have been countcr- H I reitera and they have been hunted H down. And they were hunted down H I Implacably and paid forfeit with H their life when captured. They H never were hunted- down more im- j Placably than by "Big Bill" Flynn. H i,nd while the penalties for this, as H for a11 other crimes, have decreased H I ,n severity as man has advanced In H'. I Clvlllaatlon, there are hut few who H I eceapo punishment once ho has H placed them under arrest. H ' .j With his persistency Flynn com- B; I bines remarkable pou-cra of obscr- Wy I vatlon and has a wonderful memory. H, I I,,s recollection of faces, incident" antl dates is almost uucanny. To Rce a criminal once for him is to B'.JI know the man or woman alvCays " This was proven in a noteworthy I manner in tho case of John T. Da- vls- th" noted English counterfeiter '- I who recently received a long scn .' ( ttnc to the Federal Pcnltentlarv i';-, nt Fort Lavcnworth. Iftin,. by a M-' j United States District Judge at St. WU I Lonfi. This was only one of sev H -. 1 eral occasions when Davis, thinking R' J to escape prosecution, has- had K: cause to curso Flynns long memory. m'J Criminal aud Detective m-'- Hae Many Meetings. KX Flynn and Davis nrst encountered Bj''j ,n thc summer of 1002. It hardly V.-'l: could be called an encounter at that. ;.' ! I lynn, then chief of the Eastern Dl- m vision of thc Socret Service, was X.'l called to a Xew Yorw City bank by a telephono message that a sus- f'T'i Plcious character was asking to ex- WH change eighty Bank of England i&f notes of the five pound denomina- mJkl Uon- ITls lon experience told KK, Flynn that if the man was a pro- fessional he probably would have a "look-out" outside tho bank, so he EBm! approached the building afoot EjM&J 110 was regarded as ho ncared Wm ,hc bank by observing a small mnn HMh with a rJ beard, obviously the BQ "look-out" for the man within. The llttl,J miAn Baw Flynn almost as soon WBm ns he saw him and Immediately h hastened away. Flynn saw a chase BB! would be fruitless and proceeded to ffl lho bnk Uai thfc other man take BB9B alarm and escapo. But he never forgot thc face of the littlo "look out " That yime fall a man was air'- t ed In London whllo attempting to pass some counterfeit Bank of Eng land notes. Ho was suspected of being the "look-out" for tho man who attempted to do tho same in New York Flynn went to London .and identified the man. Tho man was John T. Davis. When he saw Flynn and heard his positive Iden tification ho broke down and con fessed. Again in 10.03 the paths of Flynn and Davis croaaed. Massachusetts was being flooded with counterfeit $10 notes Flynn took up the trail, patiently, clovcrly and persistently ho kept on it and Anally ran down Davis again, this time opera I ihk' R fully equipped counterfeiting plant in Revere, a suburb of Boston The next time these two men. the hunter and in. hunted, encountered. waii in St. Louis recently Tha date or the next meeting is problem atical, but It Is baft: to bet that while both men live, Flynn will know approximately tho where abouts of Davis, In prison or out. An even more remarkable caso of persistency and one that illus trates Flynn's oft-reiterated state ment that the trouble with thc ai -erage police method is that they center on making an arrest, re gardless. In most cases of whether dr not they can obtuln a convic tion, was the famous "Morrlstown fives" case Arresting Only Parr of Secret Service Work. "To arrest is nothing If you can not convict," he saye. "The trouble with thc average police department is that as soon as an of ficer Is morally certain of a xuspcefs guilt, he urrcBts him. In most cases this i fauii as is shown by the largo number of arrests where everything but tho absolutely required tegai proof ex ists to show the man guilty, yet a conviction falls becausw of the la of legal proof." Flynn and his men will trail sus pects for Weeks, months, years, un til they have bad in opportunity to get tho evidence nt-eeesary convict. And this Is what he d!.t in tho "Moristown fives" case. The "Morrlstown hves." so-called because they wero a remarkably clever counterfeit of an Issue of IH notes by tho National Iron Bank of Morrlstown. X. J., were being fret -ly passed by a gang of Italian counterfeiters, headed by two no torious Sicilian ex-convlcts Gul Keppe Morello and Vincenzo Lupo These two men were tho original "Black Hand" operators in Amer ica, arriving In New York with the hundreds of other Italian criminals who flocked to this country among , H px THREE I'OSES OF CHIEF WILLIAM i n villi the thousands of their respectable COuntrymeni in the latter years of the last century. They were des perate and crafty, cunningly keep ing themselves free of Incriminat ing evidence and callous in forcing their terrorized agents to refuse to give evidence on them. Morello was op rough and un couth appearance, but had a maimed right arm. which distin guished him ;tnd eventually proved a factor in his conviction. Lupo was the antithesis la type. He w9 suave aud dapper, wore much jeu- elry and pomaded his hair. Thero was little to choose in cunning or reckless courage between them, however. Morello. although be had been arrested on suspicion of many other rimes, including murder, first came to the attention of thc Secret Ser vice in 1899 when counterfeit notes of the J2 denomination flooded tho East. Flynn was assigned to thc case. He did not succeed in con victing either Morello or Lupo, be cause they kept their sway over their assistants who doggedly ac- America. Flynn led a raid on the warehouse of the Italian merchant when the next consignment from Italy arrived ;md found thc can3 filled with rolls of counterfeit J5 notes. The notes were being printed in Naples and shipped to Morello and Lupo throned their procer confederate As In the for mer case the grocet -md other con federates of Morello and Lupo stoically took their punishment but steadfastly denied cither of their leaders was concerned in thc crime. Hut Lupo and Morello made a fatal mistake as they wero leaving the Federal courtroom In N'ew York after their trial They did that whi h aroused Flynn's Celtic nature even more than it had been pre viously. They flung sarcastic re mark; at him as they passed him in the corridor. 'These pigs of American officers are not capablo of dealing with us." Lupo remarked. "Bah, they have not thc wit," sneered Morello Flynn said nothing But from the moment Ihe pair left thc court room his men shadowed them. Thoy never lost them for a mo ment. One day in thc summer of 190S one of Flynn's operatives re- nnrlil i li n i . .1 t .. 1, ,1 bec-ii talking to three other Italian criminals. Cina. Silvest.ro and Pal ermo. Then, thc next day. the re port came that the thr.-e had brought a fourth Italian. named Callachio, an engraver, to see Mor ello and Lupo. Flynn smiled. YouiiK Printer Joins the Counterfeiters. Then a very important thing happened, a young Italian named Antonio Comlto, met Clna on tho street and appealed to him for as sistance. He told him ho was an Immigrant printer and needed a Job. Clna questioned him and found ho was an expert. Clna was de lighted, for, you know, notes can not be counterfeited without a printer. In September. 1 908. Cina pur chased a farm house near High lands. N. Y.. which Is opposite PouKhkeepslc. The house was half i mile from ihe nearest other dwell ing ImfnisJIii u-iy qultt, unol.fr,,- a printed were taken to Morello and Lupo In New York Citj. Now is the time your average detective would have made his arrest. Eut not Flynn. Ho had as yet no legal evidence on Morello or Lupo. So Flynn bided his lime. He was wait ing for Lupo and Morello to visit the plant that he might swoop down and capture them redhand ed. Lupo came in February, but Morello was not with him. Again Flynn walled In March Morello came, but Lupo had gone to Italy ;md Flynn did not arrest Morello. al thoughthrough his witnesses ho had evldenoe that both had visited tho plant, which was what he need ed to convict them, because he knew that Lupo probably never would return to this country If he received word of Morello's arrest. So again Flynn walled. Kscapos After Kalseh Making $46,0U0. Comlto was a Calabrlan. and tho othei members of the gang were Sicilians, and disliked him. So when, shortly after Moreno's visit, it was decided to close the plant about $46,000 counterfeit money naving ueen manufactured, he es caped. In the early part of January. 1010. Lupo was reported again In New York. He Is supposed to have en tered through Canada or Mexico as nil thc Atlantic seaports were be ing watched for him. The time had come. Flynn gave the word. Lupo waa arrested and simultaneously Morella and tho others, with thc ex eeptlon of Comito. were taken Into custody. Morello and Lupo and their con federates are now .-.-rv Ing long terms In the 1'ederal Penitentiary at At lanta, Ga. Another Interesting Incident in Flynn's. Career . hows that with his persistency he combines a rare fa PUltjt of reasoning and deduction. Early In hi career thre was a flood of counterfeit pennies. These pennies were the same weight and contained as much copper as the genuine coin, and also wero good designs Otherwise. Their counter feiting is profitable In a small way 1J0 pennies being obtainable from a 13-cent sheet of copper, and their for a pushcart load of copper Flynn wLtb trailed him to his homo on Alleo street. Waiting until the man had JvU an opportunity to befljp work, Flynn J , broke open the door. He caught the peddler seated at a table In- K-j dustrlously stamping out pennies Wk from a shoot of copper. at, j Flynn left thS Secret Service tern- I porarilj to reorganize the New York J.,,. Police Department under the late Mayor Oavnor. But ho soon re- gisnr signed this position to take his pres- v eni one Hs succeeded chief wil. kle !n December, 1912. Physic-ally, Flynn Is a powerful man and Intellectually he is n man r much learning, indomitable will and of kindly disposition. Unre lentlng as ho is in the pursuit of I. f hardened ami crafty criminals, he IL has the Irlshm.in - proverbial big S2k heart and believes in dealing lenient ly w ith the llrst offender where th ro I W Is i chance that he may bo re formed. jX'iL Why Not Read on a Train? Many people believe that It Is w injurious to the eyes to read on a train, but few seem to know why. Miy Thc reason is Ihe added strain on j.',." the delicate muscles of the eyes. 1q The motion of the train shakes the flu. paper or hook constantly, thus n' continually changing Us position JX and Us distance from thc eyes, fcj keeping th dell muscles of the IrX eyes In constant action to readjust iT thc focus. Extra work is thus M thrown on these tin- one, U, as ij thc changing of focus occurs some- times a hundred times a minute. ill Another cause Of eye-strain in I''!' I reading on trains is the poor light- ing usually encountered. Often Mt, people try to read their evening papers on a train or street car when the daylight i fading and before Ii the ear lights are turned on. Even m With the lights On, the situation is fit) not greatly mprqv I Th cars are frequently er.w,. , ..ml ..trap- JK1 hangers sway back and forth bs- tweeen the p iper and the source of Sr light. Usually the light Is high up 1 in thc center of the car celling and . He, l.i b.idl.v phieed f.r r.-ad.ng, ihe j '. light being too far from the paper X and the light rays being reflected into the ejej Loin the book oc V magazine. v4 .